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About Polk County observer. (Monmouth, Polk County, Or.) 1888-1927 | View This Issue
CHEAP POWER VITAL
TO NEW INDUSTRIES
How Modern Business Depends
on Electrical Products.
In tbe recent discussion of the water
power problem in and out of Congress,
public attention has been directed to
ward the use and value of electricity
Tor motive power and for lighting, and
latterly, for the manufacture of fer
tilizers and nitric add for explosives.
But these are only a few of the grow
lug demands for cheap power.
Today tbe great steel mills of the
United States are absolutely dependent
upon the products of the electric fur
nace for alloys. The automobile manu
facturer la dependent upon another
, electric furnace product aluminum
for car bodies. The manufacturers of
steel products need these materials for
making tools, and countless factories
require abrasives which can not now
be imported, and which are produced
in the United States only by electric
processes. Withotu; acetylene gas and
graphites, also electric products, many
Industries would be crippled.
Turning to the products of electro
chemistry, it is found that the surgeon
and tbe doctor look to electric plants
for chloroform and disinfectants; tbe
cotton and the paper manufacturer
need the bleaches produced by this
magic element; every user of soap pa
tronizes an electro-chemical establish
ment, as does every user of matches.
Gold and silver mining of the West re
quires electric products to assure a
profit, and of late It is learned that
the United States, cut off from Its sup
ply of German dyes, finds itself de
pendent upon other electric, products
to supply, In part, tbe deficiency.
These are but a few of the Industries
depending upon cheap power for suc
cess. The power is here. Its develop
ment, when encouraged by the passage
of such bills as are now before con
gress, will make tbe United States In
dependent of foreign sources of supply,
and will reduce the cost to the consum
er of countless articles pf every-day
use which, to bis mind, are probably In
no way associated with hydro-electric
The manufacture of steel Is the great
est of all American Industries, and
better steel is made in electric fur
naces than by any other k"hown proc
ess. Today electrically produced ferro
silicon is used as an alloy by most
steel manufacturers, with the result
that the Bessemer process. Is fast be
coming obsolete. The essential ele
ment in the manufacture of . armor
plate and armor-piercing projectiles Is
introduced into steel by ferro-chroml-um,
an alloy which Is strictly an elec
tric fufnace product. The Navy De
partment calls for this type of steel,
and will have no other as armor plate.
Without this alloy our battleships of
recent date would be at the mercy of
a hostile fleet, and the shells Bred' by
our warships and coast-defense guns
would be ineffective against tbe armor
of a modern enemy fleet.
Ferro-chrome, another product of the
electric furnace, has made possible the
manufacture of high-speed tools, .which
have tripled the capacity of every ma
chine shop in the world, and enhanced
the efficiency of every mechanic. It
has cut to one-third the capital Invest
ed In tools to accomplish a given vol
ume of work.
In the absence of chromium, tung
sten, vanadium and molybdenum, all
alloys made by electrical processes, the
United States could not build modern
battle ships and other weapons of na
tional defense, and a lame proportion
of our steel and metal working Indus
tries and other industries would revert
to the conditions of twenty years ago.
The electrical Industry Itself Is largely
dependent umiii silicon steel, which
does not age mid does not wear out
There Is no manufacturer of automo
biles but who is today heavily depend
ent upon aluminum. The making of
automobile bodies utilizes more of this
electrically-produced metal than does
any other line of industry. The devel
opment of aeroplanes also calls for
aluminum, and only with the abundant
production of cheap water power can
the price of aluminum kitchen utensils
be brought within the reach of every
At the outbreak of the European war
the United States was cut off from tbe
supply of Greek and Turkish emery.
Today the metal working Industries of
this country are dependent absolutely
upon electric furnace abrasives, carbo
rundum and alundum. Tbe manufac
turer of agricultural machinery, loco
motives, fire-arms, milling machinery,
automobiles, and countless other metal
products must have these abrasives,
and they can now be made only where
water power Is developed cheaply. Cut
off the artificial abrasive and force
the automobile manufacturer to go
back to the grindstone, at the same
time eliminating the other products of
cheap power aluminum, high-speed
steel, and special steels and works
which produce 500 car per day would
be able to turn out lem than 100 cars
every .twenty-four hours with the same
force of workmen. Thla would mesa
as Increase of price that would carry
tbe automobile beyond the reach of
thousands who now employ aad enjoy
The electric furnace also tarns out
calcium carbide, tbe only source of
acetylene, without which many homes
would still nee the kerosene lamp, The
exy -acetylene flame has become of In
tense raloe In the welding of metals
sad the cutting of Meet, Tela aasse
calcium carbide is the important fac
tor in the fixation of atmospheric nitro
gen, and Is the source of supply upon
which we must rely for nHrlc acid and
nitrates employed In making muni
tions of war and fertilizers.
All" tbe artificial grupbite used in
the world today is produced at Niagara
B'alls, by cheap water power. Its uses
are manifold, rraetieally the sole
American supply of abrasives is also
Considering the products of electro
chemistry, chlorine stands out as of
first importance. The sterilization of
water supplies of countless cities has
been made possible by the use of
"bleaching powder" or hypochlorite,
and in communities where this agent
is used typhoid has lost Its terrors.
The American army and the armies of
Europe use chlorine to avert typhoid,
and other chlorine products, including
chloroform, are used surgically, both
as anesthetics and antiseptics. This
same chlorine, or bleach, makes possi
ble the manufacture of white cotton
goods and white writing paper. Other
products of chlorine, produced electri
cally, enter into the manufacture of
soaps. Even into fire extinguishers
goes this sole product of cheap electric
To meet the shortage in coal-tar dyes,
by the combination of chlorine with
coal-tar benzon and tuluol, we are 10 w
beginning to produce in quantities
those inecessary "intermediates" for
merly made in Germany.
Metallic sodium, also a product of
electricity. Is the basis for sodium
peroxide, which is utilized in generat
ing oxygen for hospitals, for labora
tories and for submarines and mine-
rescue apparatus. It also enters Into
the manufacture of hydrogen peroxide.
Without sodium cyanide many gold
and sliver mines could not operate at a
New types of matches have made
their appearance on the American
market since the outbreak of war In
Europe. These new brands are "made
in America," and largely because we
were cut off from our Norwegian sup
ply. The phosphorus is produced only
in electric plants.
These are but a few or the products
of every-day use that are largely de-
pendent upon water power; many of
these products a few years ago bad no
known value. What other products re
main to be developed with the growth
of hydro-electricity no man can pre
dict. But there Is a limit on produc
tion of all these products today. That
limit can only be passed when Con
gress paves the way for further hydro
electric development by enacting laws
which will make It possible and profit
able ffr capital to invest in tbese va
rious enterprises at places where to
day Do development Is taking place.
Falls City Sawmill Resumes Work.
karly risers and sleepers were
awakened Wednesday morning at
5:30 by a familiar but almost for
gotten sound. The siren of the Falls
City mill blew its -first blast in. near
ly a year and a half upon the morn
ing air. Falls City people and bu
iness men are jubilant over the pros
pect of another year with the mill
running: to capacity. They oxpect a
continuous run under the mar:ngp,n!cnt
of the new Falls City Lumber nnd
Logging company . A large number
of idle men have been given work.
and all in all, it might be said hhnt
that siren blast the -other morning
was the first little ray of suiv.Mne
that citv has seen in some time.
WATER POWER CUTS
COST OF LIVING
At the close of business on Tups
day, January 2, 1917, the following
letters were uncalled for in the post-
office at Dallas, Oregon:
Mr. I. D. Bentley
Mr. Ralph Crege
Mr. Vivyan Dexter
Mr. and Mrs. A. L. Dmthie
Mrs. Sena Hayes
Mrs. Laura Harrington
Mr. James C. Leggett
Mrs. F. N. Morris
Miss Caroline Sorensen
A. E. Wright, Esq.
V. P. FISKE, Postmnstor.
Mercy Is Shown Deserters.
Deserters from all branches of the
United States army, wherever sta
tioned, will be tried henceforth at the
disciplinary barracks at Fort Leaven
worth, according to official informa
tion received last week. The desert
er will have a thorough mental 'and
physical examination by experts, fol
lowing which he may have a "tryout "
with the disciplinary battalion before
it is fully determined whethar to
bring criminal charges against him.
The proposed change is a radical de
parture from the old method of con
sidering deserters only as military
prisoners, guilty of a serious offense.
IK MOST SUBLIME
Logger Kills Wife and Self.
Because his wife had started suit
for divorce, W. 3. Horton, a; logger,
on Tuesday walked into the store at
Rainier, Oregon where Mrs. Walker
was employed, shot and killed her and
then turned the weapon upon himself.
Horton died instantly; his wife lin
gered four hours. Both had children
by former marriage. Two of Mrs. Hor
ton 's sons, Ray and Guy Wiseeup, re
side in this county at Airlie.. Hor
ton is said to have been heir to an
estate of $15,000.
Census Figure.s Show Reduc
! Hon In Electric Rates.
United States census figures show
that one of the few commodities, if
not the only one, which costs less now
than a few years ago, is electric cur
rent. While the cost of living gener
ally has been mounting skyward in the
last ten or fifteen years, the price of
electricity . for light and power has
been steadily going downward.
. The census reports for 1912 show the
average gross income of commercial
and municipal central stations in cents
per kilowatt-hour since 1002 to have
been as follows:
12 1907 1902
United 8tatea ..' li 2.99 8.42
New England 3.37 3.94 4.3!
Middle Atlantic 2.61 2.83 2.91
East North Central 2.67 3.34 3.62
West North Central 4.0S 4.11 4.39
South Atlantic 2.43 2.88 3.46
East South Central 3.36 3.93 3.41
West South Central .... E.34 6.33 4.68
Mountain 1.74 2.31 2.83
Pacific l.Xl 1.96 8.44
These figures show tbe average price
of electric power in 1912 In the entire
United States to have been only two
thirds what it was ten years earlier.
These reductions do not tell the entire
benefit to the consumer, as they show
only tbe price of current and offer no
suggestion as to tbe economics brought
about by Improvement in electric
lamps, motors and other appliances for
utilizing electricity. In lighting alono
tbe Improvement In electric lamps tn
the last fifteen years has given the con
sumer from three to five times as much
Illumination with the same amount of
current That Is, one cent's worth of
electricity now produces five times as
much light as It did fifteen years ago.
One of tbe most Impressive facts
shown by the above table of electric
prices la the effect that water power
development has had upon power coats.
It will be seen that tn the Middle At
lantic. West North Ontral and East
South Central States, where there has
been little water power development
the rates remained almost tbe same
for ten years, while In the West South
Central States, where there Is no water
power development worth mentioning,
the cost of power actually Increased. In
New England and the South Atlantic
States, where there has been consider
able use of water power, the price
dropped off one-third, while In the
Mountain and Pacific states, where the
greatest development of water power
baa taken place, the reduction was
fully fifty per cent
These figures tell the story very Im
pressively of what may be expected la
the way of benefit to the Industries of
the entire country wbea the 64.000.000
hone sower of water aow running to
wast is harnessed and pot to work.
Poultry Show at Salem.
The ninth annual Marion county
poultry show will bo held in Salem
beginning Tuesday,-January 9 and
closing Saturday evening, the 13th.
Entries will be received as late as
January 6. The officers of the asso
ciation are: George E. Shaw, presi
dent; H. O. White, vice-president; W.
H. Smith, secretary and treasurer; 6.
M. Voris, assistant secretary; J. C.
Murray of Portland, judge. Mr. Shaw
will serve as superintendent of the
Indoor Picnic Is Enjoyed.
The indoor picnic of the Monmouth
grange Monday in Monmouth was
enjoyed by a large number of people.
The following program was given:
10 to 12 a. m., games; 2 to. 3:30,
violin solo, Miss Harvey; recitation,
Freda Powell; reading, Ruth Mills;
solo, P. O. Powell ; recitation, Edward
Daniel; recitation, Herbert Powell;
cornet selection, Willie Harvey; read
ing, Mr. Ostrom; speaking contest;
musical number by the Rogers family.
1 Rev: Geo H, Bennett, former pas
tor of Hie' Dallas M. E. church, but
now-of Klamath Falls, is author of
the following which he has entitled
" The Wnfrk MosTsuiblime : "
O Sunlit .'Day, how bright thy glory
" set . .." ,
With getos'pf beauty is; with snowy
,, cloilds '
In azurje heights adrift; with flowery
Fields labloom, and billowy grain
' ' o'erswept
By rhythmic gales of summer breath
The emerald lulls with oaks o'er
Fruitful vales between; there mown
Far away, in purple hues; while deep
Ocean the rock bound shore unceas
0 Sunltj Day, how bright thy glory is!
he Creator's praise the heart up
Sings; his living power the azure sky
And white-winged clouds declare, the
And dewy yalcs; while whispering
Mountain dell and white capped wave
Tell of majesty divine; but nobler
Far,; more beautiful than these the
Day; reveals of work sublime: 'tis
Man with God unites in arts divice. of
God and man most worthy work
'thy Sanctuary this truth proclaims of
Arts both human and divine; its na
Oak and iron, its silica and lime
Bespeak omnipotence eternal
Art divine; but fashioned now ot pol
Oak and molded iron, the crystal
And humble bricks fast mortar-bound
Of man, in architectural beauty
Stands the House of Prayer God's
plan in human
Life to consummate, and his glory
God's image pure, by sin defaced,
In human hearts by pow'r divine,
Far appears than snowy crags il
Sunset's alpine hues; the evil heart
Is born anew; the selfish mind now
With charity; the hauteur of the soul
To meekness; turns? the cynic melts
Loves only when man s failing art
Unfailing art unites in building here
The brotherhood of man work most
property. After 33 years in busi
ness I wish to retire and will trade
my planing mill for improved or
unimproved farm land. Mill is up-to-date
and the only fully equipped
one in the county. Everything first-
class. Established business. F. J
Coad, Dallas, Oregon. 83-00
FOR SALE New, modern five-room
bungalow on Washington street,
terms. McBee Land Co. 77-tf
TO TRADE Two acres improved
land in suburbs of Portland for
improved farm land in Polk county,
no buildings required. Value $4090.
Address P. O. box 564, Dallas.
Phone 1451. 80-90c
FOR SALE Clean vetch seed at three
cents a pound, baled cheat hay at
$13.50 a ton and oats, at going
price. A. R. Brown South Red 35,
FOR SALE Vetch, grain, cheat and
mixed clover and vetch hay, baled,
at $10, $12 and $13 a ton. J. E.
Honk, Perrydale. 85-92c
FOR SALE Team, weight about
1050 ; 2y2 wagon; good set harness;
12-inch plow, and cow. If taken all
together, can make good prioe and
terms. See E. D. Cosper. 78-tf
' Per Cent Farm Loans on first
I class farms. H. E. Morton,
605 Court street, Dallas.
New Tear to DaU
ue to do so each n
price nlike to all i
assured. Those w
of the doctor's te
and fourteen years
ence should get reli
any eye troubles. .
and all work guar
FOR SALE White and grey oats ; al-
90 vetch and oat hay. E. A. Gwinn.
Phone 1813. 88-89c
WANTED Fresh cows. Phone 1437
or write Pinckney Bros. Dairy, Sa
lem, Oregon. . 89-90c
WANTED Three-fourths size, sec
ond hand violin. . Will pay cash.
Mrs'. E. E. Ewing, 'phone 842. 90-91
STRAYED OR STOLEN December
22, small, dehorned black cow,
eight years old. Had bell on and
lump on left jaw. Coming fresh
this month. Inquire Observer.
FOUND Pair of gold nose glasses,
near depot Tuesday morning. Own
er may have same by paying for
this advertisement at Observer of
fice. . 89-90c
Bring in your rags, rubber, eopper,
brass and I will pay you the highest
price. Henry Smith, Dallas. 86-88c
We frame pictures. Did you know
thatt Sterling Furniture Company.
Oil Wells In the Ocean.
One of the most novel and interest
ing sights along tbe California coast
especially to tourists, are the oil wells
u tbe ocean at Summerfleld, southern
Santa Barbara county. Long wharfs
carry the scores of derricks which
mark tbe location of these unique
wells. The field Is small, covering
about 125 acres. Argonaut
Pat and I were watching a game of
chess. Suddenly I turned to him.
"Hare you tbe timer I asked, glanc
ing at his watch pocket
"Sure." replied Pat "I have the time,
but not tbe Inclination." Princeton Tiger.
Winia What Is It called when two
people are thinking of the same thing
t th him time mental telepathy!
GllUa Sometimes: other times Just
plain embarrassment Judge.
Hew It Was.
Landlady (sympathetically) Why,
how did yon fall downstairs, Mr.
Lanka Boarder (with dignity Unex
pectedly, ma'am. Pall MaU Gasette.
Telephone girls are sot allowed to
"What a field from which to select
wife." LooJsrUle CoorlerJ'Mj rnaL
Portland's Fire Loss Small.
Portland, with a fire marshal, re
duced fire losses from $1,800,000 in
1915 to a little over half a million in
Oregon, without a fire marshal, had
fire losses outside Portland amount
ing to over $2,000,000 in 1916, an in
crease over any previous year. Ore
Semi-Weekly Observer $1.50 a yeai
i. ...... .......
ONE CENT A WORD, "PHONE 1
The charge for advertise
ments under this head Is one
cent per word for each In
sertion. No discount for suc
cessive Issues. If you have
anything for sale or ex
9 change; If you want to rem
or lease a house or business building:
If you want help or a job of work; If
you have lost or found anything; If
you want publicity of any kind, try
this celumn. Ton are sure to get
results others do, why not you. Tel
ephone your "want ads." or address
all communications to The Observer.
Dallas, Oregon. Count the number of
words to remit with order. Telephone
A POLK COUNTY PRODUCT
111 THE OBSERVER
lights and Ba
et Cutlery, E"
Bicycle and K
PHONE 1072. 5
The Observer pub'
Leave Portland V
The only Through-?
JUST WHAT YOU NEED AT THE
, STABLE Used cement trays, suit
able for horse troughs or vats. Very
eheap. Will last indefinitely. Rich,
and Ellis. 87-89 j
AUTO FOE SALE Studebakerl
"Six," run less than 7,000 miles.'
in fine condition. Leaving Dallas j
and will sell for $575; cost $1450 j
at factory one year ago. Inquire,
at The Observer, or Lew A. Catea,
Hotel Gail. Will consider trade.
FOR SALE Or Will trade for farm
CALIFORNIA with its oranges, its Winter B
era, its beaches, its mountain resorts, its ti
stained missions, its delightful sunshine and
pf-door life surely the call is irresis table in 4
But a two days journey away on daily trains
the delightful f
San Francisco E
Yon can secure tickets or complete
information from any agent or write. '
JOHN IL SCOTT, General Passenger
Agent, Portland, Oregon v
Southern Pacific L