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About Polk County observer. (Monmouth, Polk County, Or.) 1888-1927 | View Entire Issue (Dec. 17, 1915)
POLK COUNTY PRIDAY. DECEMBER 17, IMS.
1 ! JolkoCb5mier
Published Each Tuesday and Friday.
Office.. 517-618 Court street
Telephone. .... .... . J, Main 19
BY LEW A. CATES.
i Subscription Rates.
One Tear '.
; No subscription taken unless paid
for in advance. This is imperative. ,
i Entered as second-class matter
the Postofflce at Dallas, Oregon.
the 1916 fair; it believes it to be
in direct line with progressive move
ments and advanced agricultural ed
ucation, but it likewise believes that
the association conducting it should
be content with an appromiation sim
ilar to that of lust vear.
Ex-President Taft says the govern
ment could save at least $4,000,000
a year by simply abolishing postmas
ters and conducting the postal de
partment on the same basis that pri
vate business is conducted. He sug
gests that deputy postmasters, select
ed for ability and efficiency and nam
ed under civil service regulations,
could and should be the real execu
tives in each postofflce, and further
declares that this would put an end
to "interminable politics and actual
waste" which now permeate the pos
tal system and handicap it in render-
he believes it is not fair or right to
"devil'' the president with the fac
tional fusses, bickerings and strife
that always accompany the selection
of each new postmaster. The whole
system is wrong, wasteful and need
lessly disturbing, in his opinion, and
he thinks the time has come to look
for a better system, based on sound
business rules and regulations.
The suggestion is really a good one
and should be carefully and earnestly
considered by the people of this coun
try, who can easily bring this change
about by simply giving it their ap
proval. There is not a particle of
doubt that efficiency, economy and
better service would be promoted by
discontinuing the practice of reward
ing political workers by giving them
jobs and salaries as postmasters, and
no other reason to continue this prac
tice than that it "suits the politi
cians" and oriel's an incentive to
play the game. When, however, the
people get the worst of it in the long
run, in wastefulness, inefficiency and
deterioration of service, why should
the public hesitate to throw this slov
enly and loose system into the dis
card and insist on the substitution of
a better system, based on real busi
ness rules? And in thinking it over
they should remember that Mr. Taft
says this would result in an annual
saving of at least $4,000,000, while
the chances are the economies which
would follow would greatly exceed
even that estimated amount.
I Appreciating the indisputable fact' ing service to the public. Moreove:
ithat the entire community may ur
,rive lasting benefits from the county
'fair, The Observer has persistently
championed the local institution from
its very incipiency, and under normal
Sconditions shall continue to follow
'this course, but nevertheless it can
not believe that the county court is
acting in the interests of the tax-
'payers by incorporating so large a
sum in the laio tmdget ior us main
tenance. And in this view it does not
: stand alone. The county fair, be
cause of its educational features, is
' deserving of and entitled . to liberal
recognition from the governing body
in order that it may continue the
promotion of its manifold helps to the
agriculturist," the horticulturist, the
' stockman and the younger generation
i of the rural realm, to say nothing of
the advantage given Polk county from
a publicity standpoint, but the ap
propriation awarded the institution
i last year should satisfy for the com
' ing event, even though the asscjcia-
, tion guarantees the financial expendi-
i ture consequent to an exhibit at the
? land show at the metropolis next
- The tax-payers of Polk county, in
common with those throughout the
h state, are already overburdened by
;i taxation, and curtailment wherever
possible should be the watchword, un
i til such time, at least, when the ef
fects of the present financial depres
; sion shall be less keenly felt. Indi-
vidually the addition to the appropri
' ation of last year would be infinitesi
) mal, and while there are those in all
I sections of the county who would
i gladly contribute the extra mite to--?
ward the creation of the larger
i amount sought, and who would loudly
'i applaud the county court for its gen-
! erosity, it should be remembered that
the enterprise is not financed from
the public fund with any degree of
unanimity, and also that the under
I dog should have due consideration ac-
! corded it. It is a well-known fact
( that no inconsiderable opposition to
the proposed levy, as incorporated in
I the annual budget, has developed
s among townspeople as well as rural-
ites, the opinion being freely express-
ed that with the present rate of tax-
ation, the stringent condition of mon-
i ey, and the multiplicity of needs for
f which there is a demand to provide
public comforts and conveniences to
? the populace, the fair association
should be content with a lesser
i amount than $2,000.
J- And even so, Polk county, through
, the exercise of a spirit of communi
ty and individual co-operation, and
fwith judicious management on the
I part of the association's executive,
, can hold a most creditable exhibit and
make the annual event a success and
f a permanent institution. We contend
that the fair should be a community
t enterprise, of the community and for
; the community, and as such should re-
ceive the financial support of the
; whole community, which end can be
justly and equitably satisfied only
through uniform assessments upon
. the taxable property of the territory
which it is calculated to include in its
various ramifications, but business ae.
umen is equally necessary for its sue
f cesstul outcome ami tor its perman-
encv. There should be sources of
revenue other than that contributed
through the generosity of the govern
jnental body of the county, and money
nenven irom inese snouid aid mater
ially in the piomotion and mainteu
' ance of the fair from year to vear.
. Yamhill county conducts an annual
fair without financial assistance fmtn
I the county; Benton, which admitted
ly has one of the most interesting ex-
limits or any county in the state, re
ceives an allowance of but $1,400.
while several others holding fail's get
only slate aid, which goes to show
that gate receipts, revenue derived
from concessions, etc., meets their ob
ligations. The Polk county fair might
be broadened along similar lines,
greatly to its benefit, and to the ben
efit of the people. No person would
object to a small admission fee, and
if the fair continues to show improve
ment in the future as it has in the
past it will be well worth the money.
Certainly some such provision must
be wrought, because with growth
more financial sustenance must be
"forthcoming and tlie people, at best,
will eventually balk over the outlay.
The Observer heartily endorses an
appropriation by the eoonty eourt for
powers in the courts to check and
prevent such practices. In the exper
ience of Australia it is claimed this
system has worked out in a very sat
isfactory manner, and it is held that
it can be applied with equally saus
factory results in this country.
In anv event it is clear that some
thing must be done to safeguard
American trade and interests from
the unfair competition of European
"dumping." A good illustration of
this antieipaled dantrer is found in
the case of the dye manufacturing in
dustry. Shut off by the war from the
usual European sources of supply
Amsricans have made a good start to
ward making their own dyes and thus
putting this nation on an independent
basis. Germany, however, with super
ior facilities for makiusr cheap dyes,
might undertake to crush out this new
industry and again control the mar
kets, both of this country and in
other nations. It is to prevent this
and all similar unfair attempts to
smother American trade and indus
tries that this country must provide
an effective barrier asrainst " dump
ing." And coinrress must do this
in time to prevent any real damage
to American interests.
Mr. Ford is evidently imbued with
boundless confidence in the success ot
his peace undertaking. According to
a wireless message' from the Oscar II.
on which the peace excursionists are
traveling to Europe, Mr. Ford made
the statement: "I'll bet this. ship
against a penny that we'll have the
men out of tha trenches by Christ
mas." Some, no doubt, will regard
this offer as nothing more than a
bluff; that Mr. Ford does not own
the ship anyhow, and- that he there
fore runs no danger of losing, even if
someone should take him at his word
and his prediction prove erroneous.
But Mr. Ford is evidently "safe,"
even without this loophole of escape.
It is to he noticed that he does not
specify "which" Christmas, and not
impossible he would fall back on a
convenient mental reservation in case
he should be called upon to "make
good." There are numerous Christ
masses to come, and of course it is
certain that one finally will arrive to
witness the fulfillment of his proph
ecy. Atter all, therefore, it miriit
be unwise to "take" Mr. Ford's wnsr-
er. Under his own interDretation he
may be betting on a sure thing.
TO PREVENT "DUMPING."
One of the big problems which this
nation is sure to face after the con
clusion of the European war will be
that of providing some plan to pre
vent danger to American trade and
industries through the "dumping'' of
excess stocks of European goods and
manufactures. Experts reu-ard it as
a foregone conclusion that Kui-oean
nations will widely resort to this prac
tice after the war, not onlv to get rid
of accumulated stocks and quickly
convert them into readv money or
credits, but also for the sake of re
viviusr and l-estorintr lince of trade
that have been impeded or entirely
throttled by the war. Also there is
another motive to encourage this
practice a likely desire to smother
American comjietition if possible. And
to accomplish this the Europeans may
find it to their interest to sell goods
in the United States at an actual loss,
for at least a time, hoping and intend
ing to recoup such losses by exacting
higher prices after American competi
tors had been driven out of the mar
ket. President Wilson, we are told, is
giving serious thought to this prob
lem and may make it the subject of a
special message to congress later on.
Secretary of Commerce Redfield al
ready is engaged in the work of draw
ing up an anti-dumping bill for pres
entation to congress, but this measure
is first to he submitted to the presi
dent for his approval, and such
changes and revisions as he may deem
advisable or essential. It is known.
however, that the Redfield bill will
proceed along the lines of the Aus
tralian law, which classes "dumping"
as unfair competition and puts wide
By perusing the pages of The Ob
server today one must naturally ar
rive at the conclusion that Dallas and
Polk county have not been idle dur
ing the past year. While the list of
improvements made here and else
where throughout the county is in no
wise complete, it being quite impos
sible to cover the entire field in the
matter of betterments, it is sufficient
ly voluminous to evidence the con
tinued progress that has been made
within the bailiwick. It was the aim
of this publication to ascertain to an
even greater extent the improvements
made in the county, but a number of
correspondents failed to respond to
our request for information, and
hence the incompleteness of the re
port as given today. The greater
amount of lasting work along munici
palimprovementlines has been done by
improvement lines has been done by
Dallas, yet notwithstanding this fact
the other towns of the county have
made progress. Like in the county
seat town, Independence, Monmouth
and Falls City have accomplished less
in building activities than in former
years, but all have forged forward to
a greater or lesser extent in municipal
betterments. This is particularly true
of Falls City, where a considerable
sum of money was expended in street
and sidewalk improvements. The rur.
al communities have shown the great
est activity in building, and it is re
grettable that we are not enabled to
have a complete list of the structures
erected during the past twelvemonth.
Under prevailing conditions there
should be rejoicing among residents
ot Polk county over the proirrcss made
in 101,). While other more preten
tious communities of the Willamette
valley have, practically speaking,
been at a standstill we have advanced
in a most satisfactory manner. And
with the return of improved financial
conditions The Observer predicts that
the progress of the coming year will
be more pronounced in all sections of
the county. In many instances con
templating betterments are awaiting
"better times," and with these as
sured for the not very distant future
we may reasonably expect a most
... f t,i,.h varied only in tie-
tail and degree from the sinking ot
the Lusitaiiia, and which caused tins
government to file with Aitsiriu n i -:,;!,.
in the one previously
mi,,le tn flBi-nianv concerning the Lu-
-ni, n.f.t nver the Ancoua attack.
J.HO JIJUlVi). -.111
i... vina the case with t 111"
l.usitania protest, calls for disavowal
ntion. and it is stated
that the question of continuing dip
lomatic relations with the dual empire
mav depend on the hitter's making n
.nti.fontnrv rcnlv to the American
;note. The situation is concededly
tense and fraught-with serious pos-
oihilitips.. and the action of Austria
is awaited with no little concern. II
is known that the Austrian govern
not vet recovered from a
d..i: ne luwvishness over the en-
forced recall of Ambassador Dumlm.
,i if nnw is slated that had it not
been for pressure brought by Ger
many on Austria, the latter might
have turned the Duniha incident into
an open quarrel. This feeling may
odd to the difficulty in reaching a
friendly agreement over the Ancoim
affair, while a further complication ii
noted in the disclosure that only a
iw ,iva the Austrian submar
ine which shelled the American oil
tank steamer Petrolite, in the Medi
terranean, forcibly took part of that
ship's provisions and supplies.'
Of course this government, and the
American people generally, will sin
cerely hope that nothing serious may
come from the new dispute with Aus
tria, but the crisis which has been
precipitated has spread a feeling of
uneasiness and apprehension. Fortu
nately, the present week has seen the
solution of two other points of dis
pute, with England over the arbitrary
seizure of suspected American vessels
and with Germany over the demanded
recall of Captains Boy-Ed and von
Papen, so that the Austrian dispute
is now the only one of serious import.
And this may also be settled amicably
and satisfactorily, after a certain
amount of diplomatic palaver and
maneuvering, although the chances
are that by that time some new crisis
will make its appearance to continue
the uncertainty and state of tension.
In fact, not until the great war is
ended will the nations of the world
recover their usual good nature and
be ready to treat each other with en
tire and unselfish fairness.
Mr. Ford seems to be having sonic
trouble to keep peace among his own
delegates, although-they are traveling
to Europe to try to harmonize the
With a stronger lumber market,
and the consequent revival of the in
dustry throughout- the Pacific north
west, Polk county, which has exten
sive lumbering interests within its
boundaries, must nuturallv be mater
ially benefited. Already the operat
ing sawmills of this locality are feel
ing the effect of slishtlv bettered con
ditions, and have hopes for further
improvement for the near future. A
large amount of monev has been ex
pended in Polk county during tin
past year preparatory to the time
when the merchantable product shall
have reached normal figures from the
salesman's standpoint. Xew exten
sions of logging roads have been made
m the western portion of the county,
thus tapping hitherto untouched t'or
esis of splendid limber, and the com
ing season gives promise of much ac
tivity. It Will mean additional woods
men to supply logs to the mills, a
larger tiu-pail brigade at the manu
factories, and more prosperity for the
community as a whole.
The market continues to show an
upward tendency, but to just what
exieni ine improvement will be can
not be fully determined until earlv in
the new year, at least, and possibly
not until the opening of soring. Lum
bermen, however, are sanguine, an !
this alone means no inconsiderable.
People who argue that the present
war will be the last, should be re
minded that previous to last August
many prominent men of the world
were firm in the conviction there could
he no such thing as a general Euro
A Rare and Ourious Collection
of Fact and Fancy.
With the show windows filled with
tov soldiers for Christinas things look
dubious for the nnti-nitlitarist ami u.e
cood thing about, 'the
winter season," says 'that brilliant
it tr:..D ' hp.
...... ....nn II I TV VllUOi ' -
thing to swat or io im- -"-
tho same. Harry, wo'd like to muz.ie
.Tii dee and Jurist.
t.,.i Tl mid District Attorney
eti.io,? Vmvo known one another for
iniv.i vears or more, and even
now when one of them has a story to
tell anvoue else within Hearing "..
Hort. Eakin says he was cunvortec
i, Hie "wue-opcn winnow mi in
ter. " movement. Hut since he has re-
..,,l t,in hi third cold this winter
he swears that his window win u
Last week we asked a large number
of most worthy and notable citizens
the number of the commandment
which reads: "Do unto others as you
would have them do unto you." We
hone that these w. and n. citizens
know more about the practice of that
ommandment than they do about its
Was ithere ever anything as elusive
as the word you would like to use in
a Christmas letter, but can't call to
mind when you need it?
Hugh Black savs he would rather
not find a gold brick than to break an
aim in reaching tor it.
Dig' And you get what ithc harvest
Our idea of an optimist is a woman
who can hum "Home, Sweet Home"
over a washtub of steaming clothes;
sing "Coming Through the Hye as
she wrings them out; whistle "Old
Kentucky Home" while she hang's
them up to dry, and, as she stands
over the ironing board with the old
lining-room emblem "What is Home
Without a Mother" staring her in the
tace, can sing, hum and whistle in
I lie tiood Old hummer lime, mean
while getting two children ready for
school, bathing baby, hanging the
bird cage out of reach of the cat and
putting the corned beef and cabbage
on to boil for father's dinner.
Kansas claims to have .$75,000,0110
invested in automobiles. And the
really wonderful thing about it is the
fact that the savings hanks of that
state are carrying larger tolal depos
its than ever before.
Probably Mr. Bryan still keeps the
motto "God Bless the President" en
graved on his ax handle. Yet some
people complain that the great com
moner lacks the sense of humor.
And he awoke in the morning with
a sigh of content for his Christinas
shopping was finished and he could
now sit back and watch the other fel
low rush his head off during the last
few days preceding Christmas.
The true school room is the moth
er's heart, the best college the old
home, the high festal day tor the soul
is Christmas dav.
NEW CRISIS LOOMS. '
Apparently it is "just one blamei
crisis after another" for this n
ion. Xo sooner is one serious dis
pute with our neighbors nicely ad
justed and disposed than another ap
pears, and it is getting so there is
scarcely a breathing space between
the endless succession of complica
tions. Jnst now it is Austria that
is causing worry, in connection wita
the recent sinkin? of the steamer An-
Only one more week to wait.
WOULD HAVE ALT, warlike.
Senator Chamberlain Has Compulsory
Senator flenrg Chamberlain has in
troduced a bill advocating compul
sory military service to raise the cit
izen army to a volume that would
meet the government requirements
It is proposed that even-one not ex
cused for physical, religions or other
specific reasons, be obliged to serve
ueiween me ages of.lL' and 23. Sen
ator Chamberlain advocates calisthe
nics, without arms, for those between
12 and 14 years. Tlios. ho(,n i-
and 1 years would be organized into
a cadet corps. From 18 to 23 they
would become the citizen armv. From
fourteen to fifteen thev would receive
rifle training in some instances. Those
trom 16 to 1 would be expected to
spend ten days in a military camp
each year. 1
The citizens' army would have 20
'ay in training camp f,
Ad. in Coquille Herald: "Fann
ers: Geo. Moulton wants votir hides.'1
Just so Geo., don't scalp 'em.
Dr. Bollman hasn't produced thai
ride so we refer you to Dr. Staats,
who says the only difference between
an automobile and a river boat these
days is that the former has tires.
Carey Hayler, who is well-known as
a bachelor, says: "When a fellow
thinks a great deal about getting mar
ried he seldom does it." With which
philosophy we heartily agree.
As the years pile up and our hair
turns grey, it is our wont to look more
often into the casket in which lie the
hopes of the years long gone.
We noticed by an altogether es
teemed eontenixrary last week that
a certain lady who had heen taken
io the hospital, suffering greatly, was
in very poor health. Really surprising.
The most deceitful thins? in Dnlla
is the court house clock.
Many of the Christmas presents
mm me oeing sent away just now are
going in time that the sender mav
get one hack before the big day.
A Rainy Day
XNot Be Dull
Cheer up I ctk, il
Proof, absoklU t
water from n,fcs 1
Black. Yellow or Olive-khaki, t"'8
Protector Hat. 75 cents fldEh? C
Satisfaction Guaranteed tA 'if6
A. J.TOWER CO, Wu'an,
H BOSTON mmll CI
ONE CENT A WORD, THoin?aln
The charge ior adwucots
menu under thla heading t'
cent per word tor MiWntti
sertion. No discount tot116'
cessive issues. Kyouy 88
anything tor sale iil.1.
S change; if you want tiiTr.
or lease a house or bualneii bientl
It you want help or a Job ot lotitperl
you have lost or found aayttilir,ha8
you want publicity of any ktad,tls
this column. You are sure t 30n '
results others do, why not you. tP? ,'
ephone your "want ads." or lit, ' v,
all communications to The Obwn giv
Dallas, Oregon. Count the numttts tx
words to remit with order. Telipbt ae
No. 19. s. 1
W. h. ALEXANDER & C0MPl!omi
offers every young man in M Z
who is interested in out-of-domtthg-opportunity
.to perfect himself iiut1
the splendid and profitable seiisflll 1
of Tree Repair. We guaranteKraim
nections with this company ip?9'
completion of course that willtf6"'8
tablish you in a solid suwe! J!
business that will grow aswinijy
Your opportunity is our opporlmrelo
ty. We solicit your investigilbrum
Tree surgery pays. Learn it. Ir;n cc
Portland School of Practical FpCtioi
estry, 817-20 Dekum building, Pol P'
land, Oregon. ind!
FOR SALE Fine fresh Jersey wjh
seven .years oiu. rnce rea8oaifch6
Cass Riggs, South Red 15. Ik, oe
FOR. SALE Buildings suitable iire (
private garages. Will tnde l va
wood. R. L. Chapman. !fcuse
FOR SALE Choice building lot," o-
trade. JJolIman and Staati. ttuoI
WANTED Machine, cast and t- yet
plate iron, brass and copper, ti d
and rubber, and rags ot all Hit'0?'
in fact, junk of all klndi i-r
Halleck, Monmouth, Oregon, fe rph
"i d -w
FOR SALE Sixty-acre dairy fa Uv
in Coos county ; bottom land) irome
mile from postofflce; mile fe
school; on milk route; good finifj00"
road; good improvements. 'ey0j
give terms. B. Folsom, Gait Hw, itt
Dallas. Sli h
POSITION WANTED Married saten
wants position on ranch in 'r
district. Understands stock, fo?n
and poultry. References furnisi j
Family consists of wife and br.
Address Mobley, Box 58, MoePof ,
Oregon. t ai
in groups divided geographieal-
Hi Work Appreciated.
Recently Professor R. (;. IHkstriu
of the Peirvdale schools, wA ,
esflet on "What Shall I Do Witt, V-
! J. cn',jr "f whieb s mailed
President P 1. ( anipbe
I nivers.ty f Oresri.n. who. in t
mentine on the work. h, the follow
in? to av: "It i well arrant Jj
full of value. I tmlv hm- ZZZ
T7 "Tr ' '"J, BnD,W ot ' into
the public schMl."
FREE CHRISTMAS GIFTS
The offer made to subscrib
ers by The Observer mav be
considered unique. Those' who
pay their subscription tomor
rowSales day will be given
a couiou o-ood for fifty cents
in merchandise at the store of
any merchant whose announce
ment apiwars in these columns
either today's or last Tuesday,
tor each year. This is an op
portunity to purchase small
Christmas gifts without expense.
NOTICE TO CREDITORS
Notice ,s hereby given that the un
dersigned. llham A Ynenm h..K...
7 a y me i ounty Court of the
Mate of Oregon for Polk Coualc ,.
mimstrator of the estate of li,tha.
lied "teased, and has ouali
All n.. I.-..- , .
th. T 7 . '""'"s claims against
1 "'ie are neiehv required to
Present them duly verified, with the
from the date of this notice, to Osc,,
Hayter. attorney f, .u-
administer, at h i, . " 7""-'
Dalla. r;t t i. ? .. offices in
Oreeon. y Ba"k Bu,Iline- ! Dallas.
Dated nA , ,-', .
jber 17. 1-U5 uolls"ed IH-cem-
Ha.h,.. v" "'. XM "'ate
" m, deceased.
Attorney for dminis,rator. TnTU
West Side MaiKT
G. Ii. HAWKINS, Proprietor.
MONUMENTS, HEADSTONE! ll'
' ' ' I
Each th, be of if SjfJJ(
mplendid grodt at 2 ,
-Thm KimJ With Ihm
DALLAS MEAT COMPAH t '
AT THE 01
Send It By Parcel
Bend us your laundry by
Th m.al carrier la mm auto
transact thla business. It e0.
few eanta. WaTI return R r"0 m
DALLAS STEAM LArSD"1