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About Bohemia nugget. (Cottage Grove, Or.) 1899-1907 | View Entire Issue (Sept. 12, 1906)
Between Two fires
By AIMTIIOMY HOPE
"A wise man will make more opportunities
than he finds," Francis Ilucoii.
There wore fewer revcirtion in South
America than usual, and the ranaiua
rnnal had come to t ho front In a promis
ing and progressive way, hut the Hepub
lic of Aureataland whs certainly not in
a flourishing condition. Although most
h.rppily situated (It lies on the wast,
lather to the north), and gifted with an
xtensive territory, nearly as big as North
Dakota, it had yet failed to make that
material progress which had teen hoped
by Its founders. It la true that the State
was still in its infancy, being an offshoot
Irom another and larger realm, and hav
ing obtained the boon of freedom and self-
government only as recently as 1S71, af
ler a series or political convulsions or a
violent character, which may be studied
with advantage in the well-known history
01 in .Making or Aureataland. ty a
learned professor of the Jeremiah I
.leeks I niversity. This profound histo
nan is. beyond all question, accurate in
attributing the chief share in the national
movement to the energy and ability of
the first President of Aureataland. His
Excellency President Marcus V. Whit
tingham. a native of Virginia. Having
enjoyed a ihtsoii.i1 friendship with that
talented man, as will subsequently appear,
1 have great pleasure in publicly endors
ing the professor's eulogium. Not only
did the President bring Aureataland into
being, but he moulded her whole consti
tution. "It was his geuius" (as the pro
fessor observes with propriety) "which
was fired with the idea of creating a truly
modern State, instinct with the progres
mve apint of the Anglo-Saxon race. It
was his genius which cast aside the worn
out traditions of European dominion, and
taught his fellow-citizens that they were,
If not all by birth, yet one and all by
adoption, sons of freedom." Any mis
takes in the execution of this flue con
ception must be set down to the fact that
the. President's great powers were rather
the happy gift of nature than the result
To this truth he was himself in no way
Mind, and he was accustomed to attrib
ute his want of a liberal education to the
seial ruin brought ujion his family by the
American Civil War, and to the disloca
tion thereby produced in his studies.
Starting under the auspices of such a
gifted leader, and imbued with so noble
a real for progress. Aureataland was, at
the beginning of her history as a nation
the object of many foud and proud hope
lint in spite of the blaze of glory in
which her sun had ri.sen, her prosperity
was not maintained. 1 Me country was
well suited for agriculture and grazing,
but the population a very queer mixture
of races was indolent, and more given
to keeping holidays and festivals than to
honest labor. Most of them were unintel
ligent ; those who were intelligent made
their living out of those who weren't, a
method of subsistence satisfactory to the
individual, but adding little to the aggre
gate of national wealth. Only two classes
made fortunes of any size government
officials and barkeepers and even in their
case wealth was not great, looked at by
an English or American standard. Pro
duction was slack, invention at a stand
still, and taxation heavy. The Presi
dent's talents seemed more adapted to
founding a State in the shock and turmoil
of war, than to the dull details of admin
istration; and although he was nominally
assisted by a cabinet of three ministers,
and an assembly comprising twenty-five
members, it was on his shoulders that the
real work of government fell. On him,
therefore, the moral responsibility must
elso rest a burden the President bore
with a cheerfulness and equanimity al
most amounting to unconsciousness.
When I first set foot in Aureataland
I was landed on the beach by a boat from
the steamer at the capital town of W'hit
(ingham. I was a young man. entering
on my twenty-sixth year, and full of pride
at finding myself at so early an age sent
out to fill the responsible position of man
ager at our Aureataland branch. The
directors of the bunk were then pursuing
what may without unfairness be called an
adventurous policy, ana, in response to
the urgent entreaties and glowing exhor
tations of the President, they had decided
on establishing a branch at Whittinghain.
I commanded a certain amount of inter
est on the board, inasmuch as the chair
man owed my father a sum of money, too
email to mention, but too large to pay,
and when, led by the youthful itch for
novelty, I applied for the post, I suc
ceeded In obtaining my wish at a salary of
a hundred dollars a month. I am sorry
to say that In the coufse of a later busi
ness dealing the balance of obligation
shifted from the chairman to my father,
an unhappy event which deprived me of
my hold on the company aod seriously in
fluenced my conduct in later days. When
I arrived inAureataland the bank had
been open some six months, under the
guidance of Mr. Thomas Jones, a steady
going old clerk, who was in future to act
as chief and cashier under my orders.
I found Whittingham a pleasant little
city of about five thousand inhabitants,
picturesquely situated on a fine bay, at
the spot where the river Marcus debouch
ed into the ocean. The town was largely
composed of government buildings and
liotejs, but there was a street of shops of
no mean order, and a handsome square,
called the "Piazza 1871," embellished with
an equestrian statue of the President,
Jtound about this national monument
were a large number of seats, and, hard
by, a cafe and bandstand. Here, I soon
found, was the center of life in .the after
noons and evenings. Going along a fine
avenue of trees for half a mile or so you
came to the "Golden House," the Presi
dent's official residence, an Imposing villa
of white stone with a gilt statue of Au
, reataland, a female figure sitting on a
ploughshare, and holding a sword In the
right band and a cornucopia In the left,
by her feet lay what was apparently a
badly planned cannon ball ; this, I learned,
was a nugget, and from its presence and
the name of the palace, I gathered that
the President bad once hoped to base
the prosperity of his young republic on
the solid foundation of mineral wealth.
This Lous had been long abandoned.
I have always luted hotels, so I lest
no time in looking round for lodgings
suitsMe to my means, and was fortunate
enough to obtain a couple of rooms In the
house occupied by a priest. Father
Jacques Hoaehretien. He was a very good
fellow, and though we did not become in
timate, I could always rely on his cour
tesy and friendly services. Here I lived
in great comfort at an expense of fifty
dollars a month, and I soon found that
my spare fifty made me a well-to-do man
in Whittingham. Accordingly I had the
entree of all the best houses. Including
the (tolden House, and a very pleasant
little society we had: occasional dances.
frequent dinners, and plenty of lawn ten
nis and billiards prevented me feeling the
tedium 1 had somewhat feared, and the
young ladies of Whittingham did their
best to solace my exile. As for business.
I found the bank doing a small business.
but a tolerably satisfactory one, and if
we made some bad debts, we got high iu
forest on the good ones, so that, one way
or another, I managed to send home pret
ty satisfactory reports, and time passed
on quietly enough in spite of certain man
ifestations of discontent among the popu
lation. These disturbing phenomena were
first brought prominently to my notice at
the time when I became involved in the
fortunes of the Aureataland national
debt, and as all my story turns on this
iucident, it perhaps Is a fit subject lor a
When our branch was established at
Whittingham there had been an arrange
ment made between ourselves and the
government, by the terms of which we
were to have the government business.
and to occupy, in fact, much that quasi
official position enjoyed by the Hank of
England at home. As a quid pro quo. the
bank was to lend to the republic the sum
of $."sVUI at i er cent. The President
was at the time floating a loan of one
million dollars for the purpose of works
at the harbor of Whittingham. This as
tute ruler had, it seemed, hit on the plan
of institming public works on a large
scale as a corrective to popular discon
tent, hoping thereby not only to develop
trade, but also to give employment to
many persons who, if unoccupied, became
center of agitation. Such at least was
the official account of his policy: whether
it was the true one I saw reason to
doubt later on. As regards this loan, my
otfii-e was purely ministerial. The ar
rangements were duly made, the proper
guarantees given, and the June after my
arrival 1 had the pleasure of handing over
to the President the $.KMl,0i0. 1 learned
from him on that occasion, that to his
great gratification, the balance of the loan
had been taken up.
We shall make a start at once, sir,"
said the President, in his usual confident
but quiet way. "In two years Whitting
ham harbor will walk over the world.
Don't be afraid about your interest. Your
directors never made a better invest
I thanked his excellency and withdrew
with a peaceful mind. I had no respon
sibility in the matter, and cared nothing
whether the directors got their Interest or
not. I was, however, somewhat curious
to know who had taken up the rest of the
loan, a curiosity which was not destined
to be satisfied for some time.
The works were begun and the Inter
est was paid, but I cannot say that the
harbor progressed rapidly; in fact, I doubt
if more than $100,0) ever found their
way into the pockets of contractors or
workmen over the job. The President had
some holes dug and some walls built:
having reached that point, about two
years after the interview above recorded,
lie suddenly drew off the few laborers still
employed and matters came to a dead
It was shortly after this occurrence
that I was honored with an invitation to
dine at the Golden House. It wus in
the month of July. Needless to say, I
accepted the invitation, not only because
it was in the .nature of a command, but
also because the President gave uncom
monly good dinners, and. although a bach
elor had as well ordered a household as
I have ever known. My gratification was
greatly increased when, on my arrival, I
found myself the only guest, and realized
that the President considered my society
in itself enough for an evenings enter
tainment. It dhl cross my mind that this
might mean business, and I thought it
none the worse for that.
We dined in the famous veranda, the
scene of so many Whittingham functions.
The dinner was beyond reproach. Ths
President was a charming companion.
Though not, as I have hinted, a man of
much education, he had had a wide ex
perience of life, and had picked up a man
ner at once quiet and cordial, which set
me completely at my ease. Moreover, he
paid me the compliment, always so sweet
to youth, of treating me as a man of the
world. With condescending confidence he
told me many tales of his earlier days;
and as he had been everywhere, his con
versation was naturally most interesting.
Dinner was over nad the fable cleared
before the President seemed inclined for
serious conversation. Then he said sud
"Mr. Martin, this country Is In a peril
Your excellency," said I, "do you refer
to the earthquake'" (There had been a
slight shock a Jew days before.)
No, sir," he replied, "to the finances.
The harbor works have proved far more
expensive than I anticipated. I hold In
my hand the engineer's certificate that
$003,000 has been actually expended on
them, and they are not finished not by
any means finished."
They certainly were not J they were
"Dear me," I ventured to say, "that
seems a good deal of money, considering
what there is to show for it."
"You cannot doubt the certificate, Mr.
Martin," said the President.
I did doubt the certificate, and should
have liked to ask what fee the engineer
bad received. Hut I hastily said It was,
of course, beyond suspicion.
"Yes," said he steadily, "quits beyond
suspicion. You see, Mr. Martin, In my
position I am compelled to be lilerai.
The government cannot set other employ
ers the example of grinding men down bv
low wages. However, reasons apart, there
is the fact. We cannot go on without
more money ; and 1 may tell you, In eon
hden.v, that the political situation mske
it imperative we should go on. Not only
my personal honor pledged, but the on po
sition, Mr. Martin, led by the Colonel, Is
making itself obnoxious yes, I may say
"The Colonel, sir," said I, with a free
dom engendered of dining, "Is a beast
Well, said the President, with a tol
eraut smile, "the Colouel, unhappily for
the country, Is no true patriot. Hut he
is powerful ; he Is rich ; he Is, under my
self alone, In command of the army. And,
moreover, I believe he stands well with
the Signorina. The situation, In fact
Is desperate. I must have money, Mr
Martin. Will your directors make me
I knew very well the fate that would
attend any such application. The direo
tors were already decidedly uneasy about
their first loan ; shareholders had asked
awkward questions, and the chairman had
found no small difficulty In showing that
the Investment was likely to prove either
safe or remunerative. Again, only a fort
night before, the government had made a
formal application to me on the same sub
ject. I cabled the directors, and receiv
ed a prompt reply in the single word,
loot sums, which In our code meant.
Must absolutely and finally decline to
entertain any applications." communi
cated the contents of the cable to Senor
Don Antonio de la Casabianca, the min
ister of finance, who had, of course, com
municated them in turn to the President
venfured to remind his excellency of
these facts. He had heard me with silent
I fear," I concluded, "therefore, that
it Is impossible for me to be of any assist
auce to your excellency."
He nodded, and gave a slight sigh.
Then, with an sir of closing the subject,
he said :
I suppose the directors are past rea
son, ion occupy a very responsible po
sition here for so young a man, Mr. Mar
tin not beyond your merits, I am sure.
They leave you a pretty free hand, dou't
I replied that as far as routine busi
ness went I did much as seemed good In
my own eyes.
Houtins business? including Invest
ments, for instance; he asked.
Yes," said I; "investments In the or-
linary course of business discounting
bills and putting money out on loan and
mortgage over here. I place the money,
and merely notify the people at home of
what I have done. '
A most proper confidence to repose in
on, the I resident whs good enough to
ay. I ontidence is the life of business;
you must trust a man. It would be ab
surd to make you send home the bills,
and deeds, and cert ideates, and what not.
Of course, they wouldn't do that."
Though this was a statement, somehow
it also sounded like a question, so I an
"As a rule they do me the compliment
of taking my word. The fact is. they are,
as your excellency says, obliged to trust
"Exactly as I thought. And you some
times have large sums to place'.'"
At this point, notwithstanding my re
spect for the President, I began to smell
"Oh, no. sir," I replied, "usually very
small. Our business is not so extensive
as we could wish."
"Whatever," said the President, look
ing me straight in the face, "whatever
may be usual, at this moment you have a
large sum a very respectable sum of
money in your safe at the bank, waiting
"How do you know that?" I cried.
"Mr. Martin ! It is no doubt my fault ;
I am too prone to ignore etiquette; but
you forget yourself."
I hastened to ajmlogize, although I was
pretty certain the President was contem
plating a queer transaction, if not flat
"Ten thousand pardons, your excellen
cy, for my most unbecoming tone, but
may I ask how you became possessed of
"Jones tobl me," he said, simply.
As it would not have been polite to
express the surprise I felt at Jones' sim
plicity in choosing such a confidant,
held my peace.
(To be continued.)
M. -h I"1 r
The Moth I'esl.
Westward, flic gypsy moth take IN
way. It has caused millions of dollars
worth of damage In Massachusetts, baa
escaped to Nv Hampshire and Con
noctlcttt, nml now the Invasion Is turn
Ing toward New York State. This In
foresting Information Is convoyed In n
letter of warning Just Issued by E. P.
Pelf. State Entomologist.
The brown tall mot ti Is ti more recent
Introduction, and, uiillks tbo gypsy
moth, flics readily. It Is not only
very destructive loaf fowler, but the
barbed hairs of tin caterpillar cause
n very severe Irritation uion the tin
Two rows of warts down the back of
the gypsy moth caterpillar make It
easily distinguishable. It Is about two
Inches long and the ten anterior wnrts
are blue, the twelve posterior rod. The
gypsy moth will eat nn th'ng lit the
tree or shrub line, and on the slightest
disturbance ,.;ip on passersby and cling
Hrown tall moths have white s,t
on each side ami a single pair of red
spots near the full. Thov prefer wild
cherry, pear, apple, maple, elm mid
white oak leaves, and have barbed
horns, which, breaking off or blowing
from the cocoon, produce an Intolerable
Irritation, the "brown tall Itch."
Caterpillars of both smhIos, says Mr.
Felt, may Ito destroyed by spraying
with nn arsenical poisoning, preferably
live pounds of arsenate of lead to fifty
gallons of wafer. though the gypsy i.ioth
aterpl liars, especially when nearly
full grown, are quite resistant to pois
on. Kggs of the gypsy moth may be de
stroyed by treating the egg masses with
Making Fruit rule.
Hard fruits, such n apples and
pears, are cut Into small pieces with
out being peeled or having I he ores
or seeds removed, and placed III cold
water containing I. ft ounce of salt fo
the gallon to prevent dlscolornf Ion. 'J'he
fruit is then boiled to n pulp and
strained, n yield of about one fifth the
original weight being obtained. Plums
nml soft fruits are treated In practical
ly the same iniiimcr. With plums the
strained pulp Is sweetened with about
4..1 outids of sugar to each hundred
weight of fruit and the boiling contin
ued nntll the pulp Is thickened sulll
clontly to hung from the spoon without
dropping. With raspberries nml straw
berries the boiling must not Ik pro
longed and the pulp need not be
strained through so fine a sieve ns In
the case of plums. The chief silnts to
which care should be devoted are the
priwesees of Isillltig Uie fruit. The first
boiling should bo continued only so
long us the consistency of the mass Is
such ns will enable the pulp to pass
through the sieve for straining.
Mule In Ntrunar Demand.
As In. Heating the steady growth In
public favor which the mule Is enjoy.
Ing, we are glad to note that the pro
prietor of ii Mis
souri Jack farm tins
Just sold some flue
animal at high
prices - $:i.(Hs),
IK HI, II.MNI, fl.'.'.IO,
five for $I,IHH ouch,
f'.HHI, $HOO, $7lH,
three Jacks nml one
Jennet, $.I.(NK). A
letter from Austin,
T..V M, I'M til. 11, t
WKI t. IIHKD J At'K '
a great shortage of
mules In that State. They tire In strong
demand by farmer and ranchers, and
the supply Is Iniidispiatc. As n result,
tbo prices of good mules have gone up
to the highest figures ever known In
the State. It will he but n few years
until this mule shortage, which Is said
to exist throughout the country, will
be relieved, as much attention 1 now
Is-lng given to breeding the animals.
NESTS OF THE MOTHS.
a preparation coniMsed of 50 per cent
creosote oil, 110 per cent carbolic acid,
! per cent spirits of turpentine and 10
Ier cent of coal tar.
ttehool of Vnvluit Ion.
As n iHiKslble stimulus to river cltlei
In German states, n school of naviga
tion lias been established at Mannheim
for the purpose of eilm-nting young:
men employed on river JsnttH In the
ti rt of navigation nml kindred sciences,
snys, the New York Herald. Tlio term
last about eight weeks In winter,
while the Khlne Hlver Is Icebound.
Students are taught penniiinshlp, lan
guage, arithmetic, geography, commer
cial lnw mid everything necessary for
them to know regnrdltig shipbuilding
mid limitation. They must be 1(1 yours
old mid must have worked it t least one
year on n river bout. The tuition fee
Is nominal, mid for Iwiys without nieuim
entirely free. The men generally Krnd
uate lifter two winter terms of eight
weeks each, receive a cnptuln'H patent
from the government after five yearn
more of practical Kervlee, provided they
are at least twenty years old. Hteam
fdilp companies have agreed to give
graduates of the school the preference
over applicants without a diploma.
An Karnest Meeker.
" 'Scuse me, boss," said the colored
Individual, n lie entered the mer
chant's prlvute ollice, "but Ala's lookln'
"Oh, you are, eh?" rejoined the mer
chant. "What can you do?"
" 'Scuse me ergln, boss," said the
man of color, "but It nln't foh mahself
All's lookln' foh work It's foh mail
Helping- It Alonar.
Oldham I have decided to lay my
fortuno at Miss Dlmpletou's feet
Yungun Well, that ought to make It
a trifle easier for her.
Oldham Easier for her?
Yungun Yes ; to run through It
Hpraflns to Ielroy Has.
The recognized formula for bordeaux
mixture for use on jKjtatoes Is six
lotinds of copper sulphate, blue vitriol,
four ioumls unslucked quicklime and
fifty gallons of water. Tho copper sul
phate Is dissolved In one barrel and the
lime In another. Add to each twenty
five gallons of water and then mix
thoroughly. When to be used strain
through a wire strainer, preferably
one of brass.
Spraying should be started when the
potato plants are six Inches high i.nd
be repented every ten Uays or two
weeks, according to the weather,
throughout the growing season. If bugs
are to be destroyed, add one pound of
parls green to each fifty gallons of
bordeaux mixture, but the bordeaux
mixture should bo used alone until the
bug are noticed.
When It Is figured that the cost of
spraying does not exceed $7 nn acre,
and It Is often less, while. exjerImeuU
have proved that the value of the cop
was Increased three or four times the
cost for spraying, It certainly pays and
Milk l'renervall ve and 1'ubereuloals.
The use of milk preservatives has
been rather favorably considered by
the dairy department at the New Jer
sey Experiment Station. Thus the au
thor of a recent bulletin believes that
the use of formaldehyde added to milk,
one part In forty thousand, destroys
the tubercule germs and leaves unin
jured tho bodies found In tuberculous
milk which tend to protect against the
disease. The chief danger of Infection
of both calves and children Is thought
to occur In early life through drinking
milk containing germs, although the
apjiearance of pronounced symptoms of
the disease may not be noted until later
life. Hence the suggested use of the
preservative In the quantities mention
ed for milk. Intended for young children.
New varieties are often sold because
they are "novelties," rather than be
cause they are better than the old,
tried and standard kinds. It is better
to use varieties of trees and vegeta
bles that are known to lie the best for
the section where they have been test
ed, In preference to using others, until
experience gives an oiportunlty to
know more of the newer varieties. Nov
elties should be tested In a limited war. I
To Make t.ootl t orn lira.
Any (nriner handy with the ordinary
ools on a fnriii can make a corn drag
attachment for his cultivator that will
pay for Itself many times In one sea
son, If properly used, says an expcrl
need agriculturist. The common farm
harrow Is too heavy and unwieldy for
harrowing corn lifter It Is up. except
under the most favorable conditions of
soil ami weather. To make, gel ink
one ami one half Inches by three. Make
two section of th.ee bar each. I,et
ach section be long enough to cover
ill of spHi' between two rows. Hraeo
sntne a oilier narrows. No. m wlr
spikes make very good teeth. Set teeth
little slanting and as close as will
work lu your soli without clogging. At
tach to beams of corn plow. Arrange
o that the drug will cover nil the
ground when you wish by conmvtlug
the two parts. You can, with this ar
rangement, adjust the drag to suit
Flies and the Milk Yield.
The effect on milk production by the
use of fly rejN'lhints has lieon tested at
the Missouri Station. Various mix tt res
were found which would keep off the
files all day If put on In the morning;
but a measurement of the milk and test
of the butter fat for a period of two
weeks Indicated that keeping off the
flies did not affect the mrlk yield. As
somewhat similar results were obtained
by experiments- at the Connecticut Sta
tion, It seems fair to concede that the
Injurious effects of the fly pest have
been exaggerated. During the fly time
the feed lu most pastures Is growing
poorer every day' and the cows natu
rally shrink then, but It Is probably a
mistake lo blame the flies for much of
the shrinkage. For nil that, It Is
worth while to use the mixtures to
keep off the tiles for the peace n lid
quiet obtained In the stable for both
the cows and for the milkmen.
tiood ( pii for Old tarns Land.
The question of what to do with grass
land after haying, where the laud Is
run out and poor, Is a rather puzzling
one, but If we should get rain enough
to soften the surface and permit easy
plowing, It may be broken up, enriched
with manure or fertilizer and Immedi
ately seeded with Hungarian. In case
the weather should prove too dry for
this, barley may be sown either alone
or with rye In August for fall feeding.
Off good, strong land, well enriched, a
crop of Into cabbage plants may be set
as late as July 1.1; the turnip seed
may be sown even as late as Aug. J,
though July '20 Is a better time.
What Merino Jlreedrrs Did.
Merino breeders In Vermont took a
sheep that sheared nine pounds, and
they developed a sheep that sheared
forty-four imjiiwIs. They took a car
cass that weighed 100 pounds, and they
made one that weighed 1KM) m)uik1h.
They sold rams for $3 per head, and
they sold rams for $.'1,000 per head.
They sent merinos to every part of the
world where better sheep were wanted.
An early piece of ground sown to lar
ley makes the pigs smile.
It Is most exasperating to attempt
to fix a pump when the stock Is stand
ing around waiting und making things
The man who breeds a breed of Logs
because lie likes them Is sure to suc
ceed. More depends on the man than
on the breed.
All fence rows should be set to grass
1.1SS - Douglas Main st bat I la of Chevy
1.111- Pence concluded nmoiig England,
Franco nud Scot laud.
l.Mil llniry VIII. of England married
Catherine I low ant.
ltlT.'l New York ""surrendered to the
1 117.1 - Green wlch Observatory estab
lished. 17.17 - I 'ort W i 1 1 In in I lenry surrendered (
17!' The Swiss Guard killed In an at
taek mi III Tuillerie in Pnrls,
1 Hi t - Non imports) Ion net proclaimed by
1SI.1-(tattle of Si.mluglon, Conn.
1SI.1 - NiiM.eon embarked for St. Il-bna.
1X1 -Missouri admitted a n Slate,
1S'J7 -George Canning, English stales
lS.'lO - I .on is Philippe proclaimed King of
1H Steamer Erie burned on I.nke
Erie ; 1 7.1 Ih e lost.
lld - David Wilmot introduced hi pn-
vUo in Congress . . . . Hniil lis'iniiin 1 is-
hi it ut ion (il Washington founded.
IS.VJ - Permission gran'"! to M. Thiers
and olle-l- political exile lo return
1H.1S Ottawa made the capital of Can-n.fi.
l";i - I lampion. Vs., burned. ... It. itlU
Wilson's 'r.s-k, Mo.
ISil'.' President Lincoln culled for
mm men for lime month.
1570 - Paris declared In it state of leg.
Franco German war.
1571 --Celebration of the Sir Waller
Scott centenary at Edinburgh.
1S7.'S -Sieainer Wiiwasset biiiued on Po
tomac riier ; tliirl live live ot.
1N"I- Marshal Itnniiie escaped from the
Isle of Sle. Margie-rite.
1S7S International monetary confer
ence opened at Pai ls. . . . It, ginning of
lli' Austro Itosiau war.
1S.S0 - Dr. Tanner sueeesfully completed
a fast of foity days.
1HS -Transvaal ceded to the Hoer. He
JHS.'I Dji nn m ite conspirators st Liver
pool sentenced to penal servitude for
1 KM I Oklahoma "boomer" ousted from
Indian Territory by Fulled Slates
I roup. ... Severe eartlopiiiko felt
along A t la tit lc coast.
1HM.1 liiiHisiug funeral of (Jen. Gran! In
1H.K7 I lawnli adopted a new constitution
....One hundred excursionists killed
in railroad wreck at Forest, III.
1SXH -Maxwell, the murderer of Charles
A. Preller, hnnged in St. Louis....
Larry Donovan, American bridge
Jumper, leaped from Hungerford
bridge, London, and was drowned.
1HM! Mrs. Florence Mnvbriek found
guilty of miiiderliig her husband in
1S1M - 'niled Stale vessel ordered to
China been use of (list ui'bil nee.
1N!.1 Geary net enforced. First China
man deported from San Francisco...
Forty-third Congress convened in ex
traordinary session. Subject, Sher
man .act Severe earllupiake
shocks in California.
1S'.I The jneht Hrilannia bent the Vig
ilant nt ('owes, . , Earthquake shocks
felt in Memphis, Teiin. ,. .Great
Hrilnlii declared neutrality in tint
180.1 Hriilsh steamer Chnttertliun foun
dered near Sydney, N. S. W. ; fifty
four lives lost.
1800 Itelrinl of Dreyfus begun st
Itennes. ... Hurricane In West In
dies; '.'.OOO drowned.
lOO.'t Pope Pius X. crowned.... Lieut.
Gen. Nelson A. Miles, U. S. A., re
tired. 10OI -.Seventy-six persons killed In
wreck on Uio Grande railroad nenr
Pueblo, Colo. ... Hi lt Ish force, under
Col. Youngliusband, entered Lnssa.
1005 President Itoosevelt addressed larg
meeting of miners at Wilkes Harre,
Pa St. Thomas P. K. church,
New York City, destroyed by fire.
llonsevelts as Illrd Ilrfendera.
Speaking for Mrs. Itoosevelt and him
self, the President, In a letter to Wil
liam Dutcher, head of the National As
sociation of Audubon Societies, expresses
deep sympathy with the efforts to prevent
tho sale and use of white heron plumes,
known in tho military trade ns "aig
rettes." The President says that, If any
thing, Mrs. Itoosevelt fisds more strongly
than hn does in the matter. Iteeentlv
Oueen Alexandra of England has made- a
A New Artlltelul llesulrator.
The Mt-jrary Digest translates from I.a
Nature the description of a new apparatus
invented oy Dr. lOisenmlnger of Hum
varos, Hungary, for the purposo of in.
duclng abdominal breathing in the resusci
tation of persons apparently drowned. It
consists of a cuirass fitted tightly about
the body, tho chamber of which Is con
nected by tube with a bellows. The air In
so as to keep down a dense growth of ,,"'n a,,trnBlc,y compressed and exhaust
weeds. If weeds are allowed to grow Kl'a fl!,u", PU"Hl'!g t,h" '"T,"?,1 orf' ? a,,,,
It means that thev win hav u t diaphragm to rlso and full rytlunlcally.
It means that the, will bay. to be An Incidental advantage Is heart massag,
mOWetfe ' flt ft tlillA urhttn Hia Immu ..tl - I