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About Bohemia nugget. (Cottage Grove, Or.) 1899-1907 | View Entire Issue (Aug. 1, 1906)
OREGON STATE ITEMS OF INTEREST
GOOD WAGES IN HAYFIELD3.
Klamath Basin Farmers Pay S2 Per
Day and Hoard.
l a I ..II- f t I
Niamawi ran--i.aiioring men ran
lo well in Klamath basin. Haying
ha I. rotiiiht on a tremendous demand
lor men of brawn, ami wages started at
2 a lay ami board In the hayfleld
Mason, I i,i v In v Co., contractor on tint
canal, promptly met thn watte with the
additional Inducement of an fright-hour
day, and farmers generally realise tliat
an rt(li t ttou r day in caring (or a crop
of alfalfa would hardly do. It ia a
bumper crop of hay that In being cut in
tlil county, too, and many ranches re
port that tonnage of from four to five
ton la not uniiaual.
With ail of Ih in vast production, ap
pearance iiidlcatn Dint Rood prion will
( rtallxml, aa thirn are mom animals
to be fed than ever he'ore. Especially
will ttit demand for hay suitable for
horses b called for in large ipiantity
for thn animal employed In construct
iiiK tanal. lateral and other portion
of the government work and building
the railroad reaching thin way for thn
tonnage the valley i to produce. Thn
government ha derided to build thn
riM'ond unit of it canal without asking
fm ttirtht'r bid on thn work and will
immediately proceed to equip thn aridi
tlonal camp necessary for tlmt work.
The wax1' of men at the government.
cMiiip ban been increased to correspond
with tliHt offered by farmer and tint
Work on thn cnnal system In now co
in ahead rapidly. I C. llenny, an
pervising engineer, who succeeded J. It
l.ippinrott on tlii project, i acquaint
ing InniHelf thoroughly with thn work
that ba been clone and that i outlined
for immediate cont t net ion . lin ha
spent inont of thn time on the work
since hi arrival from Portland.
Barley Stand Haat Best.
Thn I 'alien Header arn running all
over thn county in thn farming unc
tion, atid thn Krin i being tucked
ready for threshing. A yet no thresh
intt mat bine have iitarted, but several
will begin this week. As harvest ad
vances, it ia ahown thai tiin w heat crop
i better ttian was thoiiKht a week ago.
Tho quality of spring grain ia inferior.
None of thn spring grain is No. 1.
Thn fall wheat i of good quality, tint
inont farmer estimate that their fall
whrat will not yield over 15 bunhel to
the acre about half a crop. Hurley in
the beet crop tbi eaon, having stood
thn hot weather better than wheat or
Have 72 Per Cent of Offices.
Salem Out of 842 county offices in
the state the Republican bold 240 and
the Democrats hold 88, while only two
are filled by Independents, one by a
Prohibitionist and one by a woman who
has no political party designation. One
(.Ice la vacant. The Republicans hold
72. 8 per cent of the county offices and
thn Democrats 25.7 per cent. The In
dependent elncted secured the oflice of
surveyor in two counties and the Pro
hibition's elected a coroner. The
woman elncted in Miss Kmma Warren,
who was elected school superintendent
of Clatsop county. No one was elected
coroner of Wheeler county.
For New Woman's Building;.
Albany -After holding a meeting of
the board of regents of the Oregon Agri
cultural college at Corvallis, the mem
bers of the board came to Albany last
week and at Bn adjourned pension in
this city awarded the contract for the
new woman's building, to be erected
on the campus, to II. Snook. The con
tract price i ftl'.r.OOO, that being the
lowest bid by f li.OOO. The building
will be constructed of the granite from
the quarries at Detroit, the eastern
terminus of the Corvallis Si .'lantern
railroad, and the building stone at Ya
Harvesting Begins in Linn.
Albany Harvesting 1ms begun in
I.inn county. While some damage to
spring grain has been reported, as a re
sult of unusually warm weather lasting
for several days, tbene reports are the
exception rather than the rule. Fall
eown grain was damaged but little, and
an excellent crop will be garnered.
Late sown spring grain will improve
considerably yet under the influence of
the cool weather now prevailing. Hay
ing is practically over, and the baler
will add the finishing touches before
the fall rains set in.
Pure Water for Agricultural College.
Corvallis Students at the Agricul
tural college are to have pure mountain
water hereafter. At its last meeting
the board of regents made provision to
have the water brought by the munic.U
ftality of Corvallia from Mary's peak
supplied in abundance for use at the
college, and the president nnd secretary
were authorized to contract with the
city water board for 100,000 gallons or
more at a rate of 16 cents per 1,000 gal
lons per month.
New Combine Attracts Attention.
Athena - A combine harvester has
been purchased by John Walter which
will be the first of its kind to be used
in this section. The machine is pro
pelled by a 20-hoise power engine,
which runs all of the machinery, tan
ia only a sufficient number of horses
to draw the machine. The separator
nd cutting machinery U operated en
tirely Independent of the draft. The
feature that most interests farmers is
that of doing away with many horses
required by other combines.
BtST IN UNION.
Iowa Expert Says Dairying Conditions
Excel His State.
Halein That Oregon can produce
butter cheaper than any other state in
thn Union and that Oregon creamery
men arn nnverthnlen flgnrlng on Im
porting cream from Minnnnota, were
ntartling annertion made at a dairy
men's meeting hnrn last week.
Professor McKay, of the dairy dn
partment of thn Iowa State Agricultural
college, wa the principal speaker. Hn
said that although his state produces
morn butter than any other state, he
freely acknowledged tht this I a more
advantageous region for dairying, for
thn reanon that thn climate is lens sub
ject to such extreme conditions. He
said Oregon should not Import a pound
of butter, but should bo an exporter
when that product can he shipped to
New York for 2 cents a pound and to
Liverpool for '2 cents. He urged the
extension of dairying as a means of re
taining (arm fertility.
Director James Withycombn, of thn
Oregon experiment station, said that
thn dairy products in tiiis state, tbi
year will havn a value of fH, 000, 000
and in a fnw years dairying will sur-
pa lumbering, which is now our
greatest wealth producing industry.
I le said that one creamery operator i
figuring on importing cream frrun Min
nesota, and deplored nuch a condition,
when thn Willamette valley will pro
diice () to 15 tons of green corn feed or
.'10 toon of green alfnlfu per acre.
Dairy Commissioner J. W. Bailey
spoke in a nimilar strain, saying that
hn tins seen hay offered for rale this
year at $2.50 a ton in the field and yet
the farmer had no stock to sell.
Higher Price for Hops.
Salem On news that the Knglinh
ami German crops have been seriously
injured transactions in futures have
been reported at 12 cents. It is esti
mated that about one-half of the Ore
gon crop for 190ft lias linen sold, and
(ieorge I.. Hose predicts that the mar
ket will open at not less than 15 cents.
Crop estimates vary from 115,000 to
125,000 bales for Oregon this year.
Latent local advices from England
pine th probable English yield at
from 200.000 to HOO.OO0 cwt., as
against 700,000 cwt. last year.
Athena Needs Laborers.
Athena There is a scarc'ty of labor
ers in this vicinity. Farmers have ad
vertised for men, but few respond and
owing to the fact that the warm
weather has hastened the harvest many
men are needed and good wages are
offered. Much wheat on light soil is
ruined and will not be harvested. A
few weeks ago this wheat was very
promising. John Bannister, a large
farmer, says that bis crop is damaged
ore half in many pises.
Convicts Make Escape.
fialem A loss of 10 per cent of the
prisoners is the record of the Oregon
penitentiary thus far this season in
working convicts on the public high
ways. About AO men are kept at work
on inn roaus ana ai me state lair
grounds. Hix have escaped and are
still at large.
Wheat Club, 70c; bluestem, 72c;
red, (!Kc; vallev, 71c; new club, 68c;
new blnentnm, 70c.
Oats No. 1 white feed, $32; gray,
$31 p?r ton.
Itarley Feed, $23 50 per ton; brew
ing, $23.50 per ton; rolled, $2424.60.
Kve $1 f0 per cwt.
Hsv Vallev timothv. No. l.tll
12.50 per ton; clover, $8.M)rtt; cheat,
$0.60(i7; grain hay, $78; alfalfa,
Fruits Annies. $1.50(32.25 uer box:
apricots, $1.2511.35; cherries, tt10e
tier pound; currants, WGilOe; peach
es, 76c $1.10 per box; plums, $1.25;
Ixigan berries, $1.35ftil. 40 per crate;
rasnberries. $1.40641.60; blackberries,
8c per pound ; gooseberries, 8c.
Vegetables Beans, o7c per pound;
cabbage, l?4'2c; corn, 2535c per
dozen: cucumbers. 75c$l per box;
egg plant, 3040o per pound; lettuce,
head, 2oc per dozen; onions, 1U(5
12c; peas, 45c per pound; radish-
t . ( t n sr
es, 10C?U)C P oozen; rnnnarn, iS
2 He per pound; spinach, 23c; toma
toes, $1.25(3 per box; parsley, 25c;
Kiiiash. $ltfil.25 per crate; turnips,
i)0c(i$l perssck; carrots, $11.25 per
sack; beets, $1.25 1.50 per sack.
Onioni New, red. l&lie per
pound ; new yellow, 1?4' 2c per pound.
Potatoes Old Embanks, nominal;
new potatoes, 75c$1.50.
Butter Fancy creamery, 1720c
Eggs Oregon ranch, 2 1 2 1 c pei
Poultry Average old hens, 13C?14c
per pound; mixed chickens, 1313$c;
springs, lfl fi? 17; roosters, 0 10c;
dressed chickens, 14Q15c; turkeys,
live, 156417c; turkeys, dressed, choice,
17fi422icj geese, live, 89c; ducks,
Hops Oregon, 1005, ll12c; olds,
8c; 1906 contracts, 1213o per pound.
Wool Eastern Oregon average best,
I720c per pound, according to shrink,
age; valley, 2022, according to fine
ness; mohair, choice, 2830o per
Veal Dressed, 5K8o per pound.
Beef Dressed bulls, So per ponnd;
cows, 4H5c; country steers, 66o.
Mutton Dressed fancy, 78o per
pound; ordinary, 66c; lambs, fancy,
Fork Dressed, 78o per pound.
BALANCE FAVORS ISLANDS.
Philippine Exports Exceed Imports
First Time Since Annexation.
Washington, July 24. The two most
noteworthy features of the commercial
returns of thn Philippine islands for
IIM)5 are a balance in favor of the in
land for thn first calendar year period
in the history of the American occupa
tion, and the advance of American
goods to the first rank in tho import
trade. Thn favorable trade balance is
due to Increased export values, which
aggregated $H3,454,744, or more than
14,000,000 in excess of the exports for
11(04. An increase of 500,000 in
American tradn in 11)05 with the is
lands, combined with a decline in rice
Imports, gives to the United Htates the
lead, and in view of the anticipated
further decline in the demand for for
eign rice in the islands, the United
Htates is expected to continue to in
crease its lead.
The increase of 12,000,000 in the
imports from the United Htates in the
last five years is largely made up of
Imports of iron and steel and their
manufacturer; cotton, raw and manu
factured, and illuminating oil. The
iron and steel trade approximated $3,
000,000 in value. Great Britain gained
most in the iron and steel trade with
the Inlands, but the United Htates takes
the lead, whereas Great Britain was
formerly in the lead. There is still
great room for improvement in the ex
ports from the United Htates to the is
lands. CANNED MEAT EXPORTS.
Japan Used Large Quantities During
War With Russia.
Washington, July 24. Complete fig
ure of the exports of American canned
meats for the past fiscal year are shown
today in a statement issued by the de
partment of Commerce and Labor. The
value of canned meats expoMed from
the United Htates in June, 11)06, was
$461,100. against $757,127 in June,
1005, and in ihn fiscal vear 1006. $9,
233,410, against $9,977,045 in 1905.
The figures for the fiascl rear 1906
included: Canned beef, $6,430,446;
canned pork, $1,215,85,7; and other
canned meats, $1,587,107. The quan
tity of canned beef exported in the fis
cal year was 64,523,350 pounds, as
againnt 66,688,568 pounds in 1905.
The reduction in exports occurred al
most exclusively in the shipments to
Japan, which country took large
amounts of American beef during the
wai, but greatly decreased her imports
on the disbandment of the army. The
exports to Japan during the fiscal year
1906 were 2,306,583 pounds, against
14,687,165 pounds in 1905, and in the
month of June, 1906, were 34,412
pounds, against 3,612,188 pounds in
The United Kingdom was the great
est buyer of canned beef, exports to
that country increasing 4,758,815
pounds for the fiscal year, but decreas
ing for the month of June, 1906.
YEARN FOR OLD HOME.
No Houses for Hundreds Who Would
Return to San Francisco.
Ban Francisco, July 24. San Fran
cisco's greatest need is homes. The
people who were driven from the city
at the time of the disaster are eager to
return, several thousand laborers are
imperatively needed to aid in the work
of rebuilding, but there are no houses
for them The rehabilitation commit
tee has set to work to furnish relief,
but the resources at its command will
admit of only slight assistance. This
committee will build some 3,000 homes
for workmen, but this will not even
serve to house the thousands still liv
ing in tents.
It is to individual initiative that the
city muHt look. Evidences that this
will be forthcoming are beginning to
In the Richmond district, the sec
tion located between Golden Gate park
and the neck of the bay, several homes
are being erected and have been rented
Htill it is to the stretch of land south
of Market street that the people must
look for the rebuilding of homes in suf
ficient quantity to solve the problem.
Here dwelt the thousands of the city's
poorest an1 i is to this section that
they wish to return.
Unbreakable Passenger Car.
Washington, July 24. A steel pas
senger car has recently been completed
in Pittsburg for the Southern' railway
which is tegarded as the beginning of
the general use of steel instead of wood
for all kinds of railway cars. The car
is 74 feet 46 inches long over all and
weighs 110,000 pounds. There was no
wood used in its construction except for
the interior decorations, and that wood
was made fireproof. It is said that the
car could not be telescoped in a collis
ion, neither could the ends be smashed
in, and it 1b non combustible.
Kaiser as Czar's Evil Genius.
St. Petersburg, July 24. Tonight
stories were industriously spread that
the emperor's final decision to dissolve
parliament was not taken until he had
communicated with Berlin. According
to one story, a member of the German
embassy engaged a wire for direct com
munication with Emperor William,
and only after receiving and trans
mitting a 1,000-word dispatch from
Emperor William to Emperor Nicholas
was the ukase finally signed.,
Ctgarmakers May Establish Stores.
Chicago, July 24. The Cigarmakers'
union, it is understood, has taken ap
seriously a proposal to establish fac
tories for the making of cigars in all
the large cities in the United States,
and also of stores under the control of
the union, through which to get the
manufactured goods to ths consumers.
APPEAL TO PEOPLE
Russian Parliament Tells Them
Not to Pay Taxes.
CZAR MAY IMPRISON LEADERS
Guards Prevent Newspapers From
Publishing Revolutionary Man
Ht. Petersburg, July 24. The great
new of today is the adoption of an ad
dress to the people by the deputies to
parliament, who assembled at Viborg,
the language of which, with its revolu
tionary demands that the people cease
to furnish money and troops to the gov
ernment and repudiate further loans,
affords pretext enough for the govern
ment to lodge its authors in the fortress
if it feels strong enough. A rumor was
spread tonight that this course bad
been decided upon.
Copies of the appeal to the people
are in thn hands of all Ht. Petersburg
newspapers, but it will scarcely be
printed tomorrow, for the reason that a
detachment of police is posted at the
door of every newspaper printing office
in the city, with orders not to permit
any papers to leave the building until
authorized by the censor. The author
ities hope by equally vigorous measures
to prevent the publication of the appeal
in other cities, and in the meantime to
nullify the fears of the people as to the
possible effect of the appeal.
Meanwhile the masses of the Russian
people, slow of thought and action,
hae not yet roused themselves to the
gigantic upheaval which is sure to fol
low the dissolution of their parliament
Minor disorders are reported from ha
a dozen cities. An incipient anti-Jew
ish outbreak at Odessa has been check
ed by the police. A sympathetic strike
has been begun at the Kbaikov rail
road shops, which may inaugurate a
general tieup of communication, but
Ht. Petersburg, Moscow and most of
the other great centers are still calm.
SECRETS OF DREADN AUGHT.
British Admiralty Makes Public
Plan of Armament.
London, July 24. The first official
announcement regarding the battleship
Dreadnaught is contained in a white
book on naval construction the past
year, which was issued tonight. Be
sides ten 12-inch guns announced, the
Dreadnaught will have 27 12-pound
quick firing anti-torpedo boat guns and
five submerged torpedo tubes. In the
arrangement of the armament six of
the big guns are mounted in pairs on
the center line of the ship, and the re
maining four are mounted in pairs as
In view of the modern potentialities
of torpedo boats, and considering es
pecially the chances of a torpedo attack
toward the end of the battle, the anti
torpedo boat guns are widely separated,
so that the whole of them cannot be
disabled ,by one shell.
The speed is designed to be 27 knots.
T'je bunker capacity is 2,700 tons,
with which the Dreadnaught can steam
5,800 sea miles at economical speed
and 3,500 miles at 18 knots.
The estimated cost of the Dread
naught, including guns, is $8,987,485.
MANY BURIED ALIVE.
Building in Massachusetts Town Col
lapses on Workmen.
South Framingbam, Mass., July 24.
At least eight and perhaps twice that
number of masons, plumbers and Ital
ian laborers were crushed to death to
day in the sudden collapse of a build
ing in process of erection on Concord
street, while ten others were dragged
or dug out of the wreck, some seriously
injured. At a late hour tonight ten
men were missing and a large force of
laborers was at work on the ruins,
searching for the dead.
Firemen and members of the Ninth
regiment of infantry of the state mili
tia, in camp here, succeeded in digging
out half a dozen injured, and later
Panic Among Odessa Jews.
Odessa, July 24. The Jews here are
in a state of panic, fearing an anti
Jewish outbreak as the result of the
killing of a drunken Cossack who re
cently wandered through the Jewish
quarter brandishing his saber and
shoutins : "Death to the Jews." Gov
ernor General Kaulbars, addressing a
delegation of Jews today, said: "I
vouch for my soldiers, but I am unable
to say what the Cossacks or Christian
civilians might do." The slightest
incident might start trouble. Cossacks
this morning looted three Jewish shops.
Bloodshed by Railroads.
Washington, July 24. The accident
bulletin, which has just been isuued by
the Interstate Commerce commission
for the three months ending March 31,
1906, shows the total number of casual
ties to passengers and employes to be
18,296 The number of passengers
and employes killed in train accidents
was 274. The total number of collis
ions and derailments was 3,490, of
which 289 collisions and 167 derail
ments affected passenger trains.
British Express Sympathy.
London, July 24. A British address
of sympathy with the Russian people
and parliament is being circulated.
Already the signatures of many persons
have been obtained.
Thn ponrl found on tho gulf const
of I,w-fr California are said to exhibit
a greater variety of colors than those
of liny other part of the world, and ths
' " r I I - IJnm lllirio 111 flow
ing. Tho chief color ore black, gray,
red, bluish green and yellowish. The
red pearl rank among the most valu
able. They posse a Ann luster, and
many of them are largo and of the
most perfect shut. They are, however,
found only occasionally.
Hplders ore not always solitary crea
ture. A scientist ha lately found In
outhern India a sjieHes of spider that
build spongy riesta with outlying web,
each nest being occupied by forty to 100
spider, with a largo excels of females;
sometimes five or six nest are cluster
d together. The spider not only live
and work together, hut they share with
sue another any prey that may be cap
tured, and some even show maternal
affection approaching self-sacrifice.
A problem for the horticulturists Is
the production of a profitable rubber
bearing fruit, which would make pos-.
alble an unlimited supply of valuable
material without Injury to the plants.
The fruit of the ordinary plants con
tain little rubber, hut Prof. Warburg,
fJerman, point out that certain par
isltlc plantsthe caoutchouc mistletoe
Uncovered three yearn ago In Venezuela
bold out the hope that the Ideal fruit
'nay be realized. The caoutchouc In
tome of these sjiede amounts to one-
Ifth of the weight of tho dried fruit.
I'he fruit Is not large, but varies In
Ize In the three irrouns of srier-les t,t
'.hoe mistletoes. Tho caoutchouc, In-
tfead of being a milky Juice, Is In the
form of a solid enveloie surrounding
The common cold Is now classed by
some authorities among the diseases
Jue to bacteria. It has riot been set-
'led thut any particular oriranism Is
:he cause, but It seems that more than
ne sjiecles may play an active part,
ind n recent British Investigator re-
xirts that In one severe local epidemic
'.ie found Micrococcus catarrhalls pres
nt In all cases, w hile In two other epl
lemlcs, both of a severely Infectious
.Miaracter, the bacillus of Frledluuder
.van recognized In every case examined
at its onset. The organism, however,
Dften disappears witblu twenty-four or
rorty -eight hours. In the second and
third epidemics re-Infection sometimes
incurred, producing either a second
acute cold or else a chronic cold last
ing for months, and the bacillus was so
virulent that It killed Inoculated mice,
guinea pigs and even rabbits.
Prof. Joel Stebbins and F. W. Car
penter of the University of Illinois
have recently succeeded In applying
astronomical methods to the solution
of a hitherto unsolved problem of blol
ogy. This relates to the height of the
flight of birds during their migrations
at night Two telescopes were placed
at measured distances apart (from 10
to 21 feet), on an east and west line,
and with them two observers simul
taneously watched the moon. The
tracks of birds flying across the face
of the moon were noted by each ob
server Independently on a lunar chart,
ready at his side. The tracks, being
projected from separate iwlnts of ob
servation, of course were not Identical
In position, and their distance apart
furnished the basis for a calculation
.if the "parallax" of, the flying birds.
Two sets of observations were made, In
May and In October. The deduced
heights above the ground varied from
l.NK) to r.4X feet. The last, however,
wnj an extreme case, most of the meas
ures running rrom l,iw to I'.OOO or
An Anta' Scnlng Circle.
F. Dofleln, n German naturalist, lias
recently seen In Ceylon a species of ant,
the Oecophylla smaragdlna. In the act
of "sewing" two leaves together for
the purpose of forming a nest. This
observation confirms the report of the
English naturalist, Ridley, made In
IS! to. Dofleln saw a row of the Insects
pulling the edges of the leaves togMh
?r; then others trimmed and fitted the
edges, and finally a seam was made
by fastening the edges with a silky
thread, yielded by larvae of the same
species which the workers carried In
their mandibles. He made a drawing
Illustrating the method of working.
According to Ridley, the sewing ants
pass the thread-giving larvae llko shut
tles through holes iu the edges of the
Motlonleaa for Month.
A most curious and sluggish creature
is the tautawa, u small lizard, whose
home Is in New Zealand. The little
animal has the reputation of being the four counties. He thinks it means a rev
laziest, creature ever created. It Is olution in the electrical world. Most of
usually found clinging to rocks or logs J the cobalt hitherto known to the world
along the shores of rivers nnd lakes, has been found in France and Australia.
and has been known to remain In one;
position perfectly motionless for many
mouths. How tho creature manages
to exist la a mystery which naturalists
have been unable to solve.
Wordy but Vnicue.
"Have you seen Prof. Gubblestou, the
"Yes; I listened to him for more than
an hour at the club lust night"
"Indeed l What was he talking
"He didn't say." Puck.
GIvtuK Mother Hlot.
niu frwM- ..aii., uk .
, , "7 , : " . . , 7 . ; i Vatican authorities. Tb author Is a
crying baby)-Dear me! I don't kuow jdevout Catholic, but stanl, for liberal re
what to do with this child I fornlBi The theme of the book Is the fate
Bachelor (In the next seat) Shall 1 cf a devout and sealous Ca.iiolh., modeled
open the window for you, lauduw? j after St. Francla of Asslssl, wbo under
New York Mall takes reform within ths church and tn-
counters the opposition of the hlerarcht.
1044 Batle of Marnton.
108o Archibald Camobell, Earl
gyle, beheaded at Edinburgh.
20 The "MiwdMippi bubble" burnt.
1745 Capture of Cape Breton by tbe
1770 Battle of Fort .Moultrie, Charles
ton, H. C... Battle of Long Island.
1777 Dr. William Todd executed at Ty
1778 Battle of Monmouth Turkish
fb-pt defeated and destroyed.
1797 Richard Parker, head of the naval
mutiny at the Nore, hanged.
180f) Act passed for legislative union of
Great Britain and Ireland.
181." 1 S. brig I'eacock captured Brit
ish cruiser Nautilus in Straits of
181" I'ius VII. condemned Bible socie
ties by bull.
1S31 United States treaty with Black
Hawk, chief of Sacs and Foxes.
1S.'52 Cholera appeared in New York.
1S37 Act of British Parliament to dis
continue use of pillory for punish
ment. lS.'W (Coronation of Queen Victoria.
1S40 Blockade of Canton by the English.
1H44 Joseph Smith, founder of Mormon-
ism, killed by mob at Carthage, 111.
1S-P! Repeal of English corn laws.
1H4S Archbishop of Paris shot while
acting as mediator.
18.17 Ship Montreal lost near Quebec;
2."0 persons periwhed.
1801 Battle of Falling Waters, Va.
1S02 Lee defeated McCIellan at battle
of Gaines' Mill, Va.
1853 Gen. Meade succeeded Gen. Hooker
in command of Army of the Potomac.
1804 Confederates victorious at battle
of Kenesaw mountain, Ga.... Presi
dent Lincoln signed repeal of fugi
tive slave law. ... Invasion of Den
mark by the Prussians.
1S73 First reception of foreign minis
ters by Emperor of China at Pekln.
1874 Henry Ward Becher requested
Plymouth church to appoint a com
mittee to investigate the Til too
1875 Great flood at Budapest.
1870 Democratic convention nominated
Samuel J. Tllden for President.
1S7D Great tornado in Iowa, Minnesota
1SS1 Assassination of President Gar
field. 1882 Charles Guiteau hanged at Wash
ington for murder of President Gar
field. 1SS." James D. Fish, bank defaulter,
sentenced to prison for ten years in
1891 Pike's Peak, Colo., reached by first
railroad passenger train .... Nineteen
victims of the Samoan disaster buried
at Mare Island.
1S03 Gov. Altgeld of Illinois pardoned
the Chicago anarchists. ... Peary's
vessel Falcon sailed from New York
for rhe Arctic regions.
1S04 The Tower Bridge, London, for
mally opened by Prince of Wales.
1897 Coal miners in Ohio, Fensylvania
and West Virginia went on strike.
18118 No newspapers published in Chi
cago owing to strike of printers.
1900 Great Hoboken dock fire.
1902 Roosevelt signed Isthmian canal
1904 Prohibitionists nominated Dr. Si
las C. Swallow for President....
Steamer Norge lost off Scottish coast
and 040 persons perished.
1903 Mutiny broke out on board Rus
sian battleship Kniaz Potemkine at
Odessa. .. .John D. Rockefeller gava
$1,000,000 to permanent endowment
fund of Yale University. ... Warsaw
besieged by revolutionists; 200 per
Cobalt for Storage Rattery.
Thomas A. Edison, in an Asheville, N.
C, interview, said he hud found in that
section cobalt that would reduce the
weight of storage batteries in automobiles
one-half and the cost of city traffic more
than half. He says the vein of cobalt
runs from a point east of Nashville,
I Tenn., in North Carolina, and traverse.
Cobalt is a hard, white metal, with gran
ular structure, which is malleable, at red
heat and capable of receiving weak mag
netic power when rubbed with a magnet.
It is nowhere found native, except in
some meteorites, but usually exists as an
oxide, and the ores are known to have
been in use in the sixteenth century for
imparting a blue color to glass.
Hellalou Novel Prohibited.
"II Santo, or the Saint," U the title
of a much-discussed novel by Senator Fo
gaiioro of Italy, whloh has Just been
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