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About Bohemia nugget. (Cottage Grove, Or.) 1899-1907 | View Entire Issue (April 25, 1906)
Fire Follows Shock
and Adds to Panic
NO WATER SUPPLY
Mains are Broken and Fire
men Fight Flames With
City Surely Doomed.
Oakland, April 19. At 11 o'clock
this morning San Francisco is a mass
of ruins and the flames continue the
'work of destruction, obliterating the
few remaining habitations. There is
no water and the city seems doomed.
Dvnamite has failed to check the fire.
Oakland has been placed under martial
law. The San Pablo ferry was sunk
by flying debris. All night the heav
ens were lighted by the light of the
vast conflagration. This morning a
mass of smoke marks the continunce of
the destruction amid scenes of unspeak
able horror. The estimated loss in Sao
Francisco will reach from $150,000,000
to $200,000,000 in the town.
The limits of the fire at this hour are
Nineteenth street on the west, Town
send street on the south and Broadway
on the north. Everything between
these streets and the waterfront is de
vastated. Day Dawns Hopeless
San Francisco, April 19. Day dawn
ed on a scene of death and destruction.
Daring the night the flames consumed
many of the city's finest structures and
spread in a dozen directions to the res
The tear dimmed eyes of a myriad of
homeless, stricken, heart weary, help
less people watched the fire stretch its
long ipne of red destruction from the
- frpnt to the Mission, which it
steel and iron made a huge, smoldering
scrap heap; around the shipping dis
trict down to the bay shore, destroying
vessels, wharves and decks; and then,
in a bitter turn of the wind, shrivel the
Warm Belt, reach its destructive ban
ners over the Southern Pacific station
at Third and Townsend, crumpling cars
and engines and huge buildings into
bonfire ashes, and completing the fell
work of yesterday south of Market
street; then swing back, on the wings
of a self-msde'gale, to find new fuel
amid the stately homes of the men who
had been state builders and railroad
magnates on Nob Hill.
Funston's Resume of Disaster.
Washington, April 19. The War de
partment today received the following
telegram from General Funston:
"Your four dispatches received
Have already filed several for you. It
is impossible now to inform you as to
the full extent of the disaster. City
practically destroyed. Troops have
been aiding police patroling and main
taining order. Martial law has not
been declared. Working in conjunction
with the civil authorities. Have not
interfered with the sending of any dis
patches. You cannot send too many
tents or rations. About 200,000 people
homeless. Food very scarce. Provis
ion houses all destroyed. All the gov
ernment buildings in the city gone."
Oakland, Cal., April 18. Earth
quake and fire today have caused the
greatest calamity California has ever
known. In San Francisco alone it is
estimated that 1,000 persons have per
ished, while as many more are suffering
The entire business portion of the
city is in ruins, and the flames which,
owing to the lack of water, cannot be
checked, except by blowing up with
dynamite buildings in their path, are
still sweeping through the city. It is
impossible at present to estimate the
property loss, for the extent of the con
flagration cannot be told until the fire
has burned itself out.
Iniured Roam the Streets.
San Francisco, April 19. At the
Southern Pacific hospital water is being
carried into the building from outside
sources for the use of the patients.
Many people suffering from injuries are
seen cn the streets making their way to
the different hospitals. The Episcopal
church, on Eleventh street, is badly
damaged, and at the Studebaker Car
riage works, on Tenth and Market
streets, the top story caved in, badly
wrecking the entire building.
The dreadful earthquake slun k
without warning at precisely
o'clock this morning, its motion appar
entlv leing from cast to west. At first
the upheaval of the earth was gradual,
but in a few seconds it increased in in
tensity. Chimneys began to fall and
buildings to crack, tottering on their
foundations. People became panic
stricken and rushed into the streets,
most of them in their night attire.
They were met by showers of falling
buildings, bricks, cornices and walls.
Many were instantly crushed to death,
while others were dreadfully mangled.
Those who remained indoors generally
escaped with their lives, though scores
were hit by detached plaster, pictures
and articles thrown to the floor by the
shock. It is believed that more or less
loss was sustained by nearly every fam
ily in the city.
Telegraph and telephone communi
cation was shut off for a time. The
Western Union was put completely out
of business, and the Postal company
was the only one that managed to get a
wire out of the city. About 10 o'clock
even the Postal was forced to suspend
in San Francisco. Electric power was
stopped and street cars did not run.
Railroads and ferry boats also ceased
Today's experience has been a testi
monial to the modern steel building.
A score of these structures were iu
coarse of erection, and not one of these
suffered. The completed modern build
ings were also immune from harm by
earthquake. The buildings that col
lapsed were all flimsy wooden and old
fashioned brick structures.
The burned district extends from the
water front south of Market street to
Mission street and west to Eleventh
street. The fire extends out Haves and
McAllister streets nearly to Fillmore,
and from the water front along Market
to Montgomery and north from the wa
ter front to New Montgomery street.
Manufactories, hotels, wholesale houses
and residences, comprising the princi
pal part of the business section, have
been destroved. The city hall, a struc
ture costing $7,000,000, was first wreck
ed by the earthquake and then destroy
ed by fire. The Palace hotel, valued
at $3,000,000, also was burned. The
beautiful Claus Spreckels building at
Third and Market streets was gutted.
The Rialto building and dozens of oth
er costly structures were also destroyed.
The Hall of Justice is threatened, and
will undoubtedly go. The Examiner
and Call buildings are gone and the
Croker building, across the street from
the Palace hotel, is on fire.
The freaks of the earthquake were
many. Wide fissures were male in the
streets, street railways were twisted out
of line, sewers and water pipes were
burst, and it is feared that there will
be an epidemic of disease. Provisions
are being sold at fancy prices, and even
water is being vended by the glass.
It is impossible to give a list of the
dead and wounded, or even a list of the
principal buildings destroyed.
OUTSIDE SAN FRANCISCO.
and Hundreds of Lives Lost.
San Jose, April 19. One hundred
and fifty persons are reported killed in
this city. The entire business portion
of the town bordered by St. James on
the north, Market on the west, Third
on the east and San Fernando on the
south is a complete mass of ruins. The
city is under martial law, the streets
are being patrolled by troops. All
hospitals are crowded with dead and
dying. The electric plant is badly de
molished and the city is in darkness.
San Francisco, April 19. Reports
from the interior are most alarming
Santa Kosa, one of the most beautiful
cities in the state, in the prosperous
county of Sonoma, is a total wreck
There are 10,000 homeless men, women
and children, huddled together. The
loss of life is not to be estimated. It
will probably reach the thousands.
The main street is piled many feet deep
with the fallen buildings. Not one
business block is left intact. This de
struction includes all the county build
ings. Nothing is left. What was not
destroyed by the earthquake was swept
Messengers bring the saddest tid'ngs
from Healdshurg, Geyserville, Clover
uale, it opiana ana Ufcian. in every
case the loss of life and property is a-i
shocking as here.
Oakland, April 18. Reports from dis
tricts outside of San Francisco indicate
widespread damage. San Jose, 60
miles south, lost many buildings and
from 15 to 20 people killed. The an
nex of the Vendome hotel collapsed and
fires broke out.
Stanford university and Palo Alto
suffered. At Stanford, many handsome
buildings were demolished and two
people were killed. Six other students
are lying 'n the falo Alto hospital
with bruises, cuts and internal injuries.
The courthouse at Redwood City
and other buildings collapsed. Menlo
Park, Burlingame and other fashion
able suburbs suffered. Santa Rosa, to
the north, Napa, Vallejo and all towns
around the bay were damaged.
Thieves Shot Dead on Sight.
San Francisco, April 19. The city is
under martial law, and precautions
have been taken to prevent disorder
and looting. Four thieves were shot
by soldiers this afternoon lor looting.
The soldiers have orders to shoot with
out warning sny persons acting in a
suspicious manner. At Eighteenth
and Valencia there is a crevice in the
street six feet wide and entire sidewalks
are torn up. The street car tracks are
twisted and traffic is at a standstill.
DESTRUCTION GROWS HOURLY.
Firemen Blow Up Buildings Frantic
People Flee Jor Safety.
Sn Francisco, April 19. With each
surreding hour the devastation and de
struction In this rtrlcken and prostrate
ruin of a city grows and grows. At 0
o'clock tonight it seemed as If nothing
could save the comparatively small
portion of the city that yet remains nn
burned. The entire business and whole
sale district is now only a glowing fur
nace, w hile the giant tongues of tl.une
have 'cached westward far beyond Van
Ness avenue and are wiping out build
ings and seeking more to devour.
In every excavation and hole
throughout the north beach household
era are burying household effects,
throwing them into the ditches and
covering the holes. Attempts ate made
to mark the graves of the property so
that it can be recovered after the flames
Chief of Police Dinan said he thought
250 would fully cover the number of
deaths. He found it impossible to se
cure details. About 50 bodies have
thus far been found.
There was much shooting of looters
today, but the offenders were fortunate
enough to escape with wounds.
There is a great shortage of the bread
supply in the city. This afternoon,
after a panic at the California-street
bakery, the police took possession of
the premises and it will be operated
under municipal control. At this place
men battled with women and children
in their efforts to each seize four and
five loaves of bread. The police used
their clubs for the purpose of bringing
alout an equitable distribution of the
BLAZE LIGHTS MIDNIGHT SKY.
Conflagration Seen From Oakland
Oakland, Cal., April 19. (Mid
night) At this hour the light from
burning S.in Francisco does not appear
to have diminished, and is almost, if
not quite, as brilliant as last night.
Although the flames have swept their
way three ruiks westward from the
water front, the entire sky is illnmi
nated by the glare of the unchecked
conflagration. There is no wind and
onlv the faintest suspicion of a breeze
here toniiiht. but it is said there is a
stiff breeze blowing over San Francisco.
A gigantic column of smoke hangs over
the desolated city, the apex forming
fantastic shapes thousands of feet in
the air and slowly drifting away to the
Although telegraphic communication
was established this evening with the
Ferry building on the San Francisco
side, only a very limited amount of
matter could be handled. The tele
graph company would receive but a few
hundred words of preBS matter, giving
I'ltcfluii comilieii fal
business. It is
believed that by to
will be had.
The telegraph companies are com
pletely swamped by the enormous vol
ume of messages reaching here, as well
as the crush of business filed for the
outside world. It is unlikely there will
he any further news matter from San
Francisco before morning.
Money Pours In.
The following list shows how the cit
ies of the United States are responding
to San Francisco's urgent need o' help:
Los Angeles, $200,000; Salt Lake,
$100,000; Sacramento, $50,000; Port
land. $100,000; Indianapolis, $10,000;
Spokane, $5,000; Stockton, $-'0,000;
Seattle, $40,000; Pittsburg, $50,000;
Omaha, $10,000; Goldfield, Nev.. $10,
000; Tacoma, $10,000; Eugene, $2,000.
Besides these John I). Rockefeller
has given $100 000; Clarence H.
Mackay, $100,000, and the Andrew
Carnegie hero fund, $25,000. There
are also thousands of telegrams pouiing
into San Francisco from all parts .f the
United States telling of funds beinX
Find Shelter at Berkely.
Berkeley, Cal., April 19. Tonight
Berkeley is packed with over 1,000 re
fugees who have been brought across
the bay to escape the horrors of the
San Francisco conflagration. The home
less and hungry are fed at the station
from long benches provided by the
citizens' relief committee, which in
cludes representatives of all the fra-
tenal and religious organizations in
town. The women students and pro
fessors of the State university are doing
great work for the sufferers, and to
night are finding shelter for all.
War Department is Prompt.
Washington, April 19. -Prompt ac
tion has been taken by the War de
partment in extending to the earth
quake sufferers of San Franckco all
available resources to relieve want and
to provide shelter. Two hundred thou
sand rations have been directed to be
sent from Vancouver barracks to San
Francisco, and a large number of tents
from Vancouver and other military
posts. The supplies will be forwarded
with all the expedition possible.
Treasure at Mint Is Safe.
Washington, April 19. The United
States mint at San Francisco escaped
serious damage from the earthquake
and the conflagration. Its stock of
gold, silver and bullion, amounting to
about $39,000,000, is safe.
FIRE STILL BURNING
Hut Has Lost Its fury and Is Now
Slowly Dying Out.
NATION COMING NOBLY TO RELIEF
Foreicn Countries Stand Ready With
Help. But Their Aid Will Not
San Francisco, April 20. Plunged
into absolute darkness tonight at 10
o'clock, San Francisco has not seen the
coneulsion of the devastating work of
The tire that started at Nob Hill and
worked its wav to the North Beach sec
tion. sweeping that section clear of
htiildinir. was later veered around by a
tierce wind and made its way southerly
to the imme nee seawall sheds and grain
warehouses. The fUmes were bending
directly for the immense Ferry build
ing, the terminal point of all central
overland and local trains of the South
ern Pacific road. The darkness and the
wind, which at times amounted to a
gale, added fresh terrors to the situa
tion. Tonight the principal remaining fire
was confined east of Van Ness avenue
and north of Union street, hut was
burning its way to the shore.
I.ate this afternoon the police broke
open every saloon ami corner grocery
in the saved districts aiuf poured all
malt and rpiritmis liquors into the
HUNDREDS DEAD IN HOTELS.
Over 75 Bodies Taken Out One
Hundred in Cosmopoli'an.
San Fraif sco, April 20. The three
story lodging house at Fifth and Minna
streets collapsed and over 75 dead bod
ies have been taken out. There are nt
leant 50 more dead Nidies exposed.
This building whs one of the first to
take fire on Fifth street.
At lea"t 100 people were lost in the
Coxmopolitan hotel on Fourth street.
The only building standing between
Mission, Howard, F'.ast and Stewart
treets is the San Pablo hotel, which is
cccipied and running. The shot tower
Bt First anil Howard streets is gone.
This landmark was built 40 years ago.
The Risdon Iron works is pnitially de
stroyed. The Great Western Smelting
and Refining works escaped da'nage,
also the Mutual Electric Light works,
with slight damage to the American
Rubber company and Vietagas F'ngine
company. F'olger Bros.' Coffee and
Spice house is uninjured, and the firm
is giving away large quantities of bread
Many are dropping dead from the
hat and from snffocation.
Over 150 people are reported lost in
the Brunswick hotel, Seventh and Mis
NATION TO THE RELIEF.
War Department Assumes Entire Con
trol of Situation.
Associated Press dispatches from
every important city in the land indi
cate that $12,000 001) in cash is already
in sight for the relief of the tire and
earthquake sufferers in and shout San
Francisco, ami that a total of $-'0,000,.
OflO is l'kcly to be raised. The United
Stats will grapple alone with the situa
tion growing out of the total destruc
tion of one of her richest anil mist pop
ulous cities. Foreign countries, in view
of the magnificent responses of the
American people to the cill for aid,
will not be asked to contribute, though
numerous offers have been made.
Before the cabinet, at its meeting
yesterday, had resolved upon this
course, however ttie Dominion of (Jan
ada had taken cognizance of the situa
tion in San Francisco by voting $100,-
000 in cash for relief, and dispatches
from the seaport cities of British Co
lumbia indicate that they are ignoring
the existence of the International
boundary line and are joining in the
work of forwarding money and provis
ions with their sisters cities on the Pa
Ruins Small Companies.
Chicago, Ajiril 20. It was declared
last night by Chicago insurance men
that many of the small accident ami
fire companies probably will he forced
to suspend business because of their
enormous loss in San Francisco. Flven
some of the bigger companies will be
hard pressed. The total amount of lia
bility convolved la now placed at more
than $180,000,000 in San Francisco
alone. This is considered conservative
Added to the losses in San F'rancisco
will be at least $50,000,000 to be met
in other ci ies.
Can't Deliver Telegrams.
San Francisco, April 20. The deliv
ery of telegraphic mebsages from out
side points to people in Kan F'laiiiiMco
is in impossibility. The messenger
service of both the big telegraph com
panies no longer exis's. Feu had the
companies an army of messengers, they
would be of little value for the reason
that the people are scattered far au
wide, and that a journey from the ferry
building to the western addition, or to
the refugee camps consumes hours.
Will Build $5,000,000 Plant.
New York, April 20. It was an
nounced at the office of M. Oucgeon
heim's Sous today that orders n.tvc
been issued by that firm to proceed a
soon as possible with the constructor
of a $5,000,000 smelting plant In San
DEATH LIST LARGE.
Will Probably Exceed Even the First
Sin Francisco. April 22. Now lhat
the extinction of the fire allows of In
quiry, It has become known that bun
ilreds, If not thousands, of people lost
their lives, either in the collapse of
buildings due to the t art hquaku or in
the lire which coiihiiiiii d the ruins In
which they were imprisoned alive, but
injured and poweilens to lice. A merely
partial estimate places the total at over
700 iu the bulging houses and a few ad
South of Market street the loss of life
was chielly brought about by the col
lapsing of many cheap lodging houses.
Among others, the caving in of the
Royal, comer of Fourth and Minna
streets, added o the horror of th sit
uation by the shrieks of its many scores
of victims embedded In the ruins.
The collapsing of the Portland house,
on Sixth street, between Mission and
Market, came about iu a similar man
ner. Fully HO persons were entombed.
Many of these were saved before the
lire eventually crept to the scene.
The large live story I'runswick lodg
ing house with Its :t()0 rooms tilled
with guests, on the corner of Sixth and
Howard streets, collapsed to the ground
entirely and fire started amid the ruins
scarcely five minutes Inter. it is esti
mated that over 'MM persons lost their
lives in this building.
Part of the large Cosmopolitan house,
corner F'ifth and Mission streets, col
lapsed at the very tirst tremor. Many
f the sleepers were hurled in the
ruins, others escaping in ineir uigui
At 775 Mission street, the Wilson
house, with its four stories and SO
rooms, tell to the ground a mns i i
ruins. As far as known very few of
the inmates escaped.
RESTORING WATER SERVICE.
Within Four Days City Will Have Half
San ''rancisco, April 22. F'xpettsof
the Spring Valley Water company who
have Ix-en engaged in making a thor
ough examination id the mains ami res
ervoirs of the system have reorted that
tbo company has in its reservoirs
enough water to supply the city at the
reuglar rate of :0,0O'),000 gallons per
lay for a period of (o) days.
The only immediate problem is that
of getting this supply into the city.
Already pipes have been rcpa'red In
ertain sections, ami a supply of ,,000,-
000 gallons per day is coming in
through Ocean View from Lake Mer
ced. About 1.000.000 nations of this
is being consumed daily by Ocean View
and the other towns aloi.g the ple
lines, but , 000, 000 gallons daily
reaching and will continue to reach
the city proper.
Within a few hours another sup)
of 0 000.000 iral oris dally will be
iioured into the city from College Hill
station. This will furnish water to the
southern section of the city. Alreail
water is being supplied to the litack
Point and Pacific Heights districts, hii
with an additional supply of 4,000,000
gallons daily, which is assured Ir "in
lines that will be repaired within a day
or two, the city will within four days
be receiving a dailv supply of between
Hi, oiu). 000 and 17,000.000 gallon
which is practically equivalent to ha!
the amount that was being furnished t
the entire city prior to the earthquake
This makes it certain that the city
will bu habitable again amloat immedi
ately. A food supply has already been
General Mail Service Resumed.
San F'rancinco, April 22. Trains
have been running on all lines prac
tically on tho regular schedule, except
ing on the coast line of the Southern
Pacific company. Service on that line
was resumed today and dispatches will
now be made regularly. Thn first mail
from San Francisco for outside jxiints
was dispatched yecterday und since that
time all regular dinpatches have been
made, excepting a few of the smaller
closed pouch dispatches, which were
omitted in order that the poHioflico
might concentrate the forces upon the
heaviest and most important mail.
South San Francisco Burns.
Oakland, April 22. A report reached
here from San F'rancisco at midnight
that a brisk fire is burning in South
San Francisco. The illumination can
readily be seen from this side of San
F'rancisco bay, a distance of eight
miles. It is believed that the Are
broke out afresh from smouldering cm
hers that could not lie sulxluetl on ac
count of the lack of water. When the
fire was pronounced to be practically
out in San F'rancisco, several framo
buildings were standing in South Sail
Docks Still Do Business.
Ran F'rancisco, April 22. South of
Market slrent the loss on the water
front proper is comparatively small.
Several shndi have been entirely rocon-
s'ructed arid small repairs will have to
be made io one or two of the docks,
but beyond this the property loss is in
significant. Thorn is nothing to inter
fere with the unloading of ships and
steamers at any of tbe docks south of
the ferry building, save at pier No. 2
of Miss :oii tb ck.
Glendale is Badly Shaken.
Glendale, Or., April 23.-A distinct
shock of earthquake wag felt iu this
city at 11 minutes after 1 o'clock this
morning. The shock was apparently
heavier than the one of April 18, caus
ing buildings to rock and rattle.
NEWS OF THE WEEK
Condensed Form lor
HAPPENINGS OF TWO CONTINENTS
llntuma of tho Lest Important but
Not Lost Interesting Lvonts
of tho Past Week.
Tho death list at Santa Rosa will
reach nearly 100.
Twenty miners were killed by an ex
plosion iu Colorado.
There Is an armed inserrection in the
French mining districts.
Active preparations are already being
mad to rebuild San I'raiu imo.
Thousands of refugees are leaving
Sail Francisco for the ninth, south and
General Funston and Mayor Si limits
unite iu saying there Is no danger of an
epidemic of disease In San Francisco.
livery building In Fort Uragg, a Men
IihIiio county town of 5,00(1, wait
wrecked or burned. But one ltle was
An automobile which skirted tho
burned district of San Francisco travel
ed 20 miles Recording to the register on
A Chinese refuge camp has hern es
tablished iu Ssn Fraud' c i separa'
from the other camps. The camp will
he under charge of government oltirers.
Roosevelt cays the relief work at San
F'rancirc sbould now all be turned
over to the Red Ctohs. By having I it t
one hea I better result can be obtained
San FiaiK-imo'n mayor lays the worst
livery business block III Sail J ore was
lUrr'nian has wired $200,000 to San
l'iiinelco fr immediate uxe.
Kailrosds are carrying sll suppliers
f r stricken California free of charge.
Three fourths of Sun Francisco, in
cluding all of the wholenale district,
Y'A even cleiks were rrxcued from tho
Sail F'rancisco pottollico after being
three days entombed.
The I u-inens section of Santa Kosa in
in ruins, but the lesideiice portion es
caped. F'orty lives were lost.
The San Francisco fire has la id hare
secrets in Chinatown that people never
dreamed of. Passages and underground
rooms 100 feet deep have been exposed
and many slaves who never saw the
light of day were burned to death.
I'ntil further notice letters sent f ri in
San Francisco will be carried free.
This is necessary, on account of tbe loss
of allxtainps. K.'K Htefcil mail ervhn
linn Imwii HilHpended. Mails fur Manila
and the Orient will probably uo from
Pope Pius is seriously ill from
An earthquake shock at Hancock,
Mich., killed one man and injured
Burlington fllicials have been denied
immunity by Judge Mcpherson in the
Twenty minutes after the earthquake
shock in California slight vibrations
were felt at Manila.
The government has purchased and
sent from Portland two trainloads of
provisions for the victims of the San
The California legislature will he
called in sptcial session and among
other incisures of relief $1,000,000 is
expected to he appropriated.
Advices from Home say the Califor
nia earthquake affected iiih! rumeiita
7,000 miles away. The udentisls there
predict further disturbances.
Tho Western Union and Postal Tele
graph companies are Imirying special
trains with wire, instruments and men,
to affectud California districts to repair
tbe damagH done by the earthquake.
New York Italians havo sent $10,000
to sufferers from the Vesuvius eruption.
The dormant volcano at Pal ma, Ca
nary islands, is showing signs of activ
ity. Two more men injured by the explo
sion on the battleship Kearsarge havo
Anthracite operators have rejected
the miners' offer and are preparing for
Wives of striking French miners
continue to wreck houses, mob women
and fight the troops.
An insurance bill, along the linen
recommended by the president in his
message, is being drafted.
Charles K. Hughes, of New York.
has been retainel by tho government
to fight the coal monopoly.
Three persons were killed and four
seriously injured by an explosion! on
the Britiah battleship Prince of Wales.
The PobUI Telegraph A Cable com
pany has completed and has In workinir
order a new cable from Ban Francisco
Tho opening of two Manchurlan norta
May 1 and one June 1 to the world's
trade is announced by the Japanese
Voliva proposes to Uowie io arbitral