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About Bohemia nugget. (Cottage Grove, Or.) 1899-1907 | View Entire Issue (Feb. 7, 1906)
I IN THE NATIONAL HALLS OF CONGRESS J
Saturday, February 3.
Washington, I eh. H. Various phases
l tint railroad rate question Merit
1 1 1 r'H I I nv.T in I lut house today In the
course .)f nine H dies which occupied
six mid a luilf bonis. This conclude.
llltl (Iftll llly llf'tllO tllHIMIMsioll, llllt III"
'in( Im iini yet. Many mrnhi m on
liolli sb'c (il the house desire tn record
their vie snd general debate will Im
nlloWCll to I Dill iiiui.
Representative Kandnll today offered
A hill (Iml. lut will offer a hii smciid
lllt'llt. It IIKKtlK stringent provisions
against t he giving or ai cept ing of rt 1 1 -wy
passes or flunks by senators, inn
Itrcssincn and Judge. Iln iriinHn n
(inn n( not less t Iiiui $1,01)0, or Impris
onur'iit for not Iff iIimii dint year, or
Imlli, niil disqualification from ever
again holding public office, Tint agent
ir olllcial of tint roi.)ntiiy k i v i I k llm
iiHN or fritnk, iii'in ronvii't inn, In t i lt
llnml not less iIihh lion, nor morn thuii
$1,0111, or imprisoned fir not less tlnin
(tlx m inths nor im rit than one year, or
Friday, February 2.
Washington, I'cIi. 2. Oratory on tint
rnilroncl mle lill held lint nlii'iition of
( hit li'jiiHii fur nil houn today. Tint
speeches of llurtoii, Oliio, McCall,
Mass., aod Iwnhhi-II, Tex., 'were fl'HtllrCS,
while TIioiiihm. N.I', llurkc, H. P.,
uinl Goutdi-n, N. Y., took ii particular
nilil Specific topics.
Rehire proceeding to consideration of
till' rite I'lll tin- house panned u hill I'l-
tending tint n 1 1 , 1 i- liiml lit w m to ii tract
f land ten mili'it square in Wyoming
f'i'ilfil to tint govcl 1 1 1 1 1 ! t ill 1 H,7 liy tliu
Shoshone ii ii I Arupiihou ImliiuiN.
Washington, I fli. " There was for
M moment today n prospict tliut tint
it t At i' 1 1( 'oil lil. I would receive itH II ret
forinul rending in that body, always tln
initial Mcp in tint coiiHiilcnit ion of iiny
ineasii rn ri'l'oitril from a committee.
Tim senate tiKk up tin' ruti n I ir iinnn
diately iift' i dinpo-ing of tin- r inline
business iiiui, um tin statehood liill oc
cupied tliu first place, the secretary IihiI
begun to r'ii I it hcfire, any of it oppo
netil rciilii'il tliu situation, lie lul l
covered lint K lew page w h"i Teller
put a nlnp to tliu proceedings lor tint
Tint whipping lilll wan made the basis
of i mining debate between Patterson
in uppii-iiii'ii mul Gallinger mid per
kiiiN in support.
At the conclusion of this debate a
lull authorising the t renin ry to invest!
gate certain M issouri siute war cUims
Thursday, February I.
Washington, Feb. 1. The discussion
of the railroad rate hill was taken up
ami prosecuted with vigor throughout
the tiny. Hn in.-.ny npeakern Iihvb rome,
to the front on thii meniture that the
houce nreeil to meet t llo'ihxk
liereaftel until the del te in ended.
Th feature of the dehate was the
leniithy fpeeeh of Sihley, of IViiliHyl
vania, who nrrainued the l-'irinlulion
with BiKumentg of varieil rhnractur,
nil of which tended to irive. hin reanoiiH
for heiiin unalterably opposed to the
The teHoliition of Burton, of Ohio,
looking to the preftervnt ion of Niagara
Kallx, wh without iIihi iim
kioii. The reHolutioii i1Im fur infmmu
tioii from the International commiMHion
on that Hiibj-'it.
Wanhiiikfton, Feb. 1. The m nate to
lay paHHed !0 or -10 mixcellanpoun I i 11 h
, mid nve neveral hoiirH to the i-mndd-eratiun
of tin) tdiippinK hill. AukhiI
the hilld pafted win ohm providing foi
a delegate iu i'oinjreHJ from Alaaka and
a ivuiiitier providing for lihl hoiiHen,
reTenuo eutterH and llith culture ata
tiona. The greater part of the time
devoted to the nhippiiiK I'ill was eon
eumeil by TenroKe in a fjieet'li in Blip
port of the measure.
Wednesday, January 31.
WaHhiiikrton, .Inn. 31. I HciiRNion of
the railroad rate bill continued in the
liiun today. Incident to it two
ttpercheH, the cffortu of ('ainphell, of
KaiifiiH, and Martin, of Hi nth Dakota,
tiHik a w ide range and wpt the hori
zon of "trunt evilH" gi'iiernlly. Hurt
lutt, of (Jiiorgin, a minority member of
tliu e iinmittee reporting the bill, made
a two bourn' upeich, in which lie dia
ciiHHcd the legal and const itutionul
queHlions involved and advrcnted t lie
pHHHage of the bill hb a iropiti remedy
( ir an intolerable condition. The first
upccch iu opposition to the bill, which
concluded the day'n diHcuHsion, was
limde by 1'erkinH, of New York. He
Offer to Build Railroads.
Washington, Jan. 81. Willard Ked
(Ireen, of New Yoik, represeiiting a
eymlii'iite of cupitaliHts and contractors,
Iiiih Olid a bid with the War depart,
ment for the coiiHtruction of the pro
poned system of railways in the I'hil
ipplneH. Mr. Ureeu and hia ascociateB
contend that there bua been no coin
petition, and that the matter is Blill
open, oil hough the department has
practically nccepte.l a part of one of
the bide. The bid presented by Mr.
Ureen propones the construction of a
minimum of 1,000 miles of railroad.
Will Test Dry Farming.
Washington, Jan. 31. Whilothe de
partment of Agriculture does not deny
three is merit in what is known as the
Campbell Hystein of dry fanning and
while it is willing that all credit for
that comparatively new cyotem chall go
to its iiiHtigiitor, there is a Btrong belief
In the minds of irrigation olllclals of
that department that thft system should
be carefully studied by the government
in order that its llmlia ions as well as
its benefits may be discovered.
baii'd his opprit-ll iiu to government
control of rnli'M on im inherent aversion
to goveri mi nt control of bitniiieHs en
terpiisi'H. Itid tiipn and (Ixed cindl
tiuiiM, he Slid went ail insepurahlit part
vl govei iimeiit ai t ion on any mutter.
A lull was piiiM'i granting a I'ederal
charter to the rarneitie fund for the inl
Viiiiremeiit of tcarhing. The fund cdii
nfin of $ 1 0,01)0, ODD, the Income of
which is to furnish pensions to retired
Washingt-n, Jan. Ml. In the senate
today I'lUtitrNini fct rongly endorsed the
position of I he president in Santo !o
mingo and In the matter of tint Moroc
can conference. He said that he was
iioriv to differ from his Mem' crat ic col
leagues, hut that he felt it I is duty to
do so in these matters. He also ex
pressed absolute confidence ia the pa
triotism of the president and in his
good faith iu announcing his determin
ation not again to be a candidate for
t he presidency . The remaii dr of the
seMsioii ua devotitil to a ilul ate on the
Tuesday, January 30.
Washington, Jan. :t). MemU-rs of
the house evinced a more general in
terest in the discussion of tint railroad
rate bill throughout today than in any
o'her topic of legislation for soiin" time.
The debate throughout was listened to
attentively nnd many (junctions were
asked of the different speaker ti bring
out either obscure, points in the meas
ure, or evils complained of, which no
attempt had been made to include in
the hill. The debate was opened by
Tow iimnd, of Michigan. Adams, ol
(inorgia, tepreienting the minority, fol
lowed iu commc relation of the measure,
and in praise of p-csident Roosevelt's
stand on the iUcption. Hinslniw, of
Nebraska, depicted the hem-fit the leg
islati in would do to the (treat trans
Mississippi country, and KicliHrdfon,
of Alabama, discussed as a Mcmociat
thingi c ) ii . . and ieft undone in the
im asm e.
The sennte today passed 40 bills,
many of them of conniderable import.
Hine. 'I Im litt included a numlier of
meiisuies for light houses, f"g sigr.alt,
revenue cutters and public buildings,
and also the hill providing for the re
orani.ation of the consular service.
The shipping bill was under c insid
erattou for a time. It was amended so
as to relieve it of constitutional objic
tions and Lodge delivered a speech in
support of the bill, in which he gave
the details of a combination of the
owners of foreign sailing vessels for the
purpose of controlling the freight rate
in grain shipments from the I'nited
Slates. There was also a discussion of
the hills miking common carriers lia
ble for injuiicB to employes, which
arose over the question of their refer
ence to committers. Patterson gave
notice of a speech tomorrow on the Mo
roccan aud Mominican questions.
Monday, January 29,
Washington, Jan. 2'. The Chinese
boycott and the administration of the
forest reserves divided the attention of
the senate today. The Chinese cpies
ti'in came up iu connection w ith a reso
lution of Tillman, directing an investi
gation bv the committee on immigra
tion. Tillman modified the resolution
by omitting the major portion of the
preamble, and, after comiderable dis
cussion, it was referred to the commit
tee on contingent expenses.
Hcybnrn raised the question regard
ing the reservation of forests.- He
sharply criticized the methods of the
Forestry bureau and charged it with
maintaining a press bureau for the pur
pose ol attacking him. He declined,
however, to hold the president respon
sible for this course. He said that the
nourse was calculated to rttard the de
velopment of the West.
Washington, Jan. 2!. What is con
sidered a strike at the railroads was
taken by the house today in the adop
tion of a lesolution calling on the pres
ident to furnish information us to the
exist ;ice of an agreement, in violation
of the interstate commerce law. among
the Pennsylvania, llaltimore A Ohio.'
Norfolk A Western, Chesapeake &
Ohio, Ohio &. Northern Central and
Philadelphia, raltim"re & Washington
railroad companies. Opposition to the
resolution did not develop until after
it had been declared adopted by the
speaker. At this point Malzcll, of
Pennsylvania, moved to reconsider.
Tli is motion was laid on the table.
Light on Boycott.
Washington, Jan. 31 The senate
w ill begin the week w ith I ho considera
tion of the Chinese boycott. The quesj
tion will come up in connection with a
resolution offered laBt week by Senator
Tillman, directing the committee on
immigration to investigate the reports
concerning Chinese opoosition to Amer
ican manufactures. When the question
was presented Mr. Tillman asked for
immediate consideration, hut Mr. Aid
rich objected. It is understood that he
and other Republican senators dislike
the preamble to the resolution.
May Compromise on Rates.
Washington, Jan. 31. There was
some talk about the senate today of a
railroad rate measu'e compromise, the
suggestion being that either the Klkini
or the Forakcr bill should be nude a
part of the Molliver bill, so that two
courses of procedure could be opened to
the commission in regard to the com
plaint regarding rates, one by the coin
mission itself and the other by rec.onrpe
to the courts. In this way, it is
thought a rate bill could be paBsei.
CAPTAIN LOSES CONTROL.
When Valencia Struck, There Was a
Mail Rush for Boats.
Hen tie, Jan. .'II . Little by liltle the
testimony of survivors of the Pacific
Coast, company's steamer Valencia, be
fore Inspectors Whitney arid Turner, is
demoriHlritl ing that immediately after
tint In ml. st rui k there was ( mad rush
for the bouts, iu which tint men jostled
women a-ide and fought fo' places, and
in wlii''li the ere A' either was powerless
to prevent th overcrowding of the
boats, or, losing cooragfl, jomcl the
Thero are corn-picuo'is examples of
seamen who did not attempt to save
Ihermielves, and t hem stands out occa
sionally a Iran who advised caution,
but sin ing the majority of the crew
there seems to have spread a panic, as
great as that felt by tbe passengers
theinselvis. Inspectors Whitney and
Turner the former in particular
show a syrnputhy for Captain Johnson
that is evident iu their examination of
w itin sses. Inspector Whitney today
seemed eavrcr to demonstrate that Cap
tain Johnson iritemltd to have held tie
life boats on the Valencia until the
morning after she struck and then send
off the p:issern.'crs. lie was just as anx
ious to bring out proof that the passen
gers led a rnnh toward the life boats,
and were responsible for their over
crowding an 1 loss.
Htrongesl of ail the testimony tin t
bears upon the crew's responsibility is
that of lnarti rmaster Martin Tarpey,
who testilied late today that he had
helped to lower life boat No. 1, whose
fall eollajsid and precipitated the pas
si ngcia into the water. Tarpey says,
too, that a watchman Ix-giced the men
to stand bai k from the boats and give
the women a chance.
VIEW IRRIGATION WORK.
Henny Coming to Study Yakima and
Washington, Jan. 31. M. C. Henny,
in charge of government reclamation
work in Oregon and Washington, re
turned today from Holland, and will
spend seveial dajs in conference with
lUpvrtment oflicials before going West.
While here he will probably take up
with IM rector Waleott the proposition
of Senator Fulton that the Malheur
project be r modeled to irrigate only
those lands not entangled in the wa;on
road grant or railroad riuht of way.
When he lc.iv a here, Mr. Henny
will go first to the Yakima valley to
ascertain what progress has been made
lines he ieft, then to Portland.
Senator Oearin today asked the Re
clamation service to make an investiga
tion of an irrigation project in Crook
county which it is hoped might utilize
the water of the Deschutes river to re
claim about 1,000 acies. Mr. Walott
told tin tenutor there is no money avail
able for further work in Oregon at this
time, and w ill not be for several years
to come. For that reason he did not
deem it advisable to authorize new in
vestigations at this time.
CAUCASUS GIVING UP.
People in Thousands Submit to Gov
tt. IVteishurg, Jan. 31. Alarmed
by the vigorous campaign waged by the
troops under General Alikhanoff, the
inhabitants of the Caucasus are aband
oning the revolutionist cause. They
are coming in by thousands to make
subiiiiRiioii, aud are giving the most
abject promises of good conduct in the
future. In many cases the inhabitants
themselves have seized and delivered
up the ringleaders of the insurrection.
In a telegram to the emperor, Count
von Vorontzoff Mashkoff, viceroy of the
Caucasus, says General Alikhanoff re
ceived one deputation cf 8,000 persons,
representing 12 communed, near Kwi
rili. The deputation, which was
headed by nobles and clergymen, prom
ised to stop the disorders, t return all
property aud arms seized and to pay all
airearB of rents and taxes if the general
would not punish their people.
Another deputation brotght in the
participants in the attack on the troops
at Tengira bound with ropes.
In the district of Osurgeti, however,
the viceroy says, the entire population
remains obdurate. One half the peo
ple have lied to the mountains and oth-e-s
are roaming the country, ravaging
it and burning houses.
. Increase Paper Currency.
Washingtm, Jan. 31. Representa
tive Fowler, of New Jersey, chairman
of the house committee on banking and
currency, introduced a bill today pro
viding for the tnen ae of the amount
of gold certificates by empowering the
secretary of thi treasury to make de
posits of gold coiu in sums not less than
$20 and to issue gold coin certificates
in denominations of not less than $5.
This bill is designed to increase the
amount of paper money in smaller de
nominations. The smallest gold certi
ficate now is for $20.
Oust Trust from New Jersey.
Tienton, N. J., Jan. 31. In the
state st natd today, Mr. Mintum intro
duceii a resolution calling for the in
stitution of legal proceedings in the
name of the state againt-t the Standard
Oil company of New Jeisey and its sub
sidiary corporations in the state for the
purpose of annulling aud forfeiting the
charter of thn company on the ground
of the alleged violation of the common
law relating to monopolies and of the
Hadley Helps Ohio's Fight.
Jefferson City. Mo.. Jan. 31. Attor
ney General Hadley today wrote to the
New York commissouer who heard the
testimony in the Missouri suit against
the Standard Oil company, asking him
to forward the testimony to the attor
ney general of Ohio.
Al! Afjrcfi Tlifjre Was Confusion
On Hoard Valencia.
NATIONAL INVESTIGATION ASKED
Member of Crew Says Passengers
Had As Much Chance at Lifo
Rafts as Crew.
Seattle, Feb. I . Tint positive declar
ation made by Frank Rich ley, a fire
man aboard the Valencia, that he had
refused to risk wearing a tule lit pre
server; the statement of T. ISrown, a
passenger, that tint preserver he found
ashore immediately sank when thrown
into the wa'.er. were the sensational
features of bdny's inquiry into the
Valencia w reck.
Supplementing these sworn state
ments, ami equally important, is the
peremptory demand of the Seattle
chamber of commerce that President
Rooevelt send from Washington a
couimmittee to make a thorough inves
tigation of tint wreck.
Fireman Richley'a declaration that
no ollieer went off in command of No. B
1 1 fi b mt was the other sensational fea
ture of the day. Richley's statements,
though, are not worth much, for he
was badly mixed on the stand when ex
amined, and later the sailor Joslyn
contradicted him flatly on points where
Richley had wavered under cross-examination.
Joslyn testified that after the No. 6
boat had gone he went to No. 5.
Contradicting the testimony of II. A.
Hawkins, who yesterday said the for
waid fail on this boat had broken, Jos
lyn said it was all riht. He stated
that the after fall had been cut. When
the last boat was lowered from No. 5
fal's, he said, it had become necesary
to take the fil's from No. ti over and
rig them on the No. 5 I'avits.
Wil'iam Moiigherty, a fireman, stated
the l.f -boat's tackle was in bad condi
tion. He s lid that when the order was
given to lower the boat it was difficult
to do so, because the ropea holding
them to the davits were entangled. He
heard some one order the boats low
ered, but does not know who gave the
order. He helped lower one of the
When asked what chance the pas
sengers had of getting into the life raft
he rave the significant answer:
"They had as much chance as the
CORBIN LEAVES ISLANDS.
Transfer Command to Wood with
Manila, Feb. 1. Major General Cor
bin today relinquished command of the
military division of the Philippines to
Major General Wood and sailed for
Hongkong, accompanied by hia person
al staff. The transfer of command was
made with impressive ceremony at Fort
Santiago. Army and navy officers,
clergy and business men and others
from civil life were present. For the
first time in the change of commanders
there was no parade of the troops.
In iriving over the command to Gen
eral Wood. General Corbin said:
"It has been my aim to make the
army here an -Wonor to the country and
a credit to the military service. Com
ing here, I placedtniyself in touch with
Governor General Wright, and he met
me in the same spirit in which I ap
proached him. As a result there has
been a total disappearance of the last
vestige of friction and jealousy between
the military and civil government."
M ijor General Wood and Governor
Ide made brief speeches expressing the
universal regret over General Corbin'B
departure. All classes of business men
declare that General Corbin has done
more to aid commerce than any pre
vious commander. There was a popu
lar demonstration when he embarked.
General Wood has announced that he
will continue General Corbin's policy.
Patterson Takes Hand in Smoot Case
Washington, Feb. 1. Some signifi
cance is attached to the change made
today in the membership of the senate
committee on privileges and elections.
Clarke, of Arkansas, has never attend
ed any meetings, nor was it known bow
he stood in regard to the Smoot case,
pending before the committee. It is
known, however, that the substitution
of Patterson for Clarke is satisfactory
to those who have been opposing
Smoot. It is aNo known that Clarke
has been dissatisfied with the commit
tee assignments given him.
Flood Swallows Money.
El raso, Tex., Feb 1. Laden with
bullion valued at $100,000, a train of
donkeys was on its wav to Mazatlan
from the Guadalupe de loa Reyes mines
in Sinaloa, Mexico, when the roadbed,
high ab"ve the river, caved in as the
result of heavy rains. The burros and
their precious cargo were swept away
in the floodwaters. Several drivers
perished with them. Search was im
mediately begun for the precious metal,
which was in bars of gold and silver.
Revolution In Colombia.
Panama, Feb. 1. Private advices re-
ce'ved here from Cartagena are to the
effect that General Gonzalea Valencia,
ex-president cf Columbia, and General
Nelopp'na have started a revolution in
the province of Antiquia against Presi
llMT fo MnUe n tlrnm I'nailnr,
.Vn cimily coiirit rii'ted sleiini etiirlno
may lie made ly iiny boy with very
si.npie mnlcrlnlH. An old linking pov-ib-r
box .will do for the boiler, l-'fisten
IU lid to It with shellac varnish, mid
punch two hole In the side of tin: box,
one about the size of a pin hole, tho
other im liirge us ii slnte pencil. Tho
larger hole limit be fitted with a wood
en plux or n cork.
Vour boiler Ii now complete, but It
must be fastened nt Its two ends be
tween two upright poits that (ir; ut
tnrhed to h baseboard, so that the two
holes, will be a the top of the; IkiIIiT.
The side poits should rise nt I"nst two
Inches higher t tin n the top of the boil
er, and should be connected nt the top
by a piece of stout wire, which will
serve ii s nn nxle to a stiff wheel, llko
ii wnler-wheel, or the pnildlo of a
This wheel Is made by taking a Inrgo
jilll box, miklng slits In Its sides, nnd
slipping In pieces of stiff cardboard,
which project nt least half nn Inch
on ench side of the box. When these
a homk-uaije i:ngise.
lire In place, fill the box with damp
sand to steady the slips and keep them
from moving, and then put on the lid
of the box nnd fasten It by glue so that
it will not open. Arrange this wheel
on the wire nxle so that one side of it
comes directly above the pinhole In the
Now remove the plug from tho larg
er hole, and fill the holler with water;
then close It, nnd light an alcohol
lamp under the boiler. When the wa
ter bolls, the steam will Issue from the
pinhole In the lioller, nnd striking the
paddleg of the wheel, will cause It to
spin very rapidly.
A grooved wooden wheel may be
glued to one side of the paddle wheel,
and a string run around the groove
may be connected with any of the
toys that are to tic set In motion by
miniature steam engines. You may use
for the grooved ywheel a small spool
such as buttonhole silk Is wound on.
This engine will serve for your
amusement as well as a purchased one,
nnd an Ingenious boy can Improve on
It and elaborate It as much as he likes.
People's Home Journal.
The Moo ii 'a Wlve.
In Itulnwuyo, South Africa, the na
tives have a curious belief concerning
the moon. These children of nature
say the man In the moon has two
wives, one of whom treats him well
and the other badly. During the first
quarter he goes over the hills to the
Zambesi nnd lives with his first wife,
whom they call Keep the Moor Open.
She feeds him so well that he gets
fat and full and round. Hut on hia
way back he stays at the hut of the
second wife Shut t-.e Door Tlgut
who starves and Ill-treats him, so It Is
a very thin and woe-begone moon that
finally returns to start his travels
A Snow Map.
Lowell and Caroline live In one house
nnd Elsie and Lloyd In the next, nnd
the four play together in the big back
yard that stretches behind both houses.
One day, when tho snow was soft
nnd sticky, Lowell, who Is on Europe
and Asia in geography, fancied a sjHit
of untrnnipled snow looked like the
continent of Euroiie, and he began to
shape It more perfectly.
He told Caroline If she wished that
she might make nn Africa to go with
the Kuroie nnd Asia he was making.
Caroline hurried Into the house after
her geography, for she did not remem
ber all about Africa.
Klsle chose to mnko a map of North
America, nnd said she would help Lloyd
with South America, for he had Just
begun geography, nnd was not yet out
of the United States.
The eastern hemisphere U the hard
est to do, because it Is so irregular; but
Iiwell and Caroline modeled It In the
damp snow, and Ijowell helped Elsie
The next day they added Greenland
nnd Iceland and Australia and Japan,
and other Islands. Another day they
made mountains nnd mountain ranges,
and since Lloyd had learned about vol
canoes, ho was allowed to make those
nnd to sprinkle ashes on the tops. They
began to find geography more Interest
ing than all their other studies.
When a snap of colder weather came,
the children tilled the rivers nnd lakes
with water which froze; nnd since
they had made the land high, they ac
tually flooded that part of the yard
one night, and the next morning the
continents stood out of frozen oceans.
Mays and gulfs and straits glistened,
jH'nlnsulas ran out in tho ice ocean,
and the Islands were real Islands.
Although tho snow was now too hard
to handle and model, the children could
mark tho boundaries of the countries
with twigs, put in capitals with brass
buttons, lurfe titles with big buttons
fif different klndi, nnd small cities wltfi
They learned the nchool geography
IfMioiM on thU snow map In half, tho
iihii.'iI time nnd with much more plens
nre. Whenever one heard n new plnco
mentioned he put It Into the country
where It belonged, nnd one morning
Iowell hurried out liefure hreakfint
to make the Philippine lilnmls, which
Innl lieeri forgotten.
They sent chip Stenfiiers ncrois the)
ocean, worked on the l'liunmn Cnnal,
explored the frozen north, nnd wher
ever, nil over the world, n wnr wn
going on, they planted ft small red
(lag on that sHit on tho snow mnp.
Youth's Complin Ion. ,
ll'tnar .Made nt I'nper.
We have nil heard of the Ice pnlnco
of Canada, but here Is nn account of
n paper house, built In the town of
j Sa vinoroiki, In Russia. The struc
! ture Is made throughout of blocks of
I ...... I. ... .w...l... t.A (..ilnilntL.ti An.t
.11.1' IJ' , . . IJ lilt: I IIUHIlltlKll (!
roof being of that material. Ho, too,
nre the chimneys, although the paper
used In their construction was first
mingled with a fireproof material. Tho
house, which Is of considerable ex
tent, and will, In the opinion of lt
architect, out hi st such as nre built of
stone nnd brick, was erected nt a cost
of more than forty thousand dollars.
As to "Gallery ioAm."
Hack In old London the Imiry Lana
Theater, a venerable playhouse, gave
nn origin to the phrase. The ceiling
or dome was painted in representation
of the sky. The artist placed In this)
celestial setting numerous ctiplds nnd
clouds. The gallery of the theater was
built Just below this celling, and to
persons seated below the occupants of
the upper tier looked to be part of tho
heavenly ornamentation. In time these
spectators were referred to as "sit
ting among the gods, ' and finally were
ELECTRIC PLANT FOR PEAT.
Prod act of Boo-a IIIlntrrrated, bot
Itetaln Ileatlnir Tower.
An electric process for the treatment
of peat has lately been adopted In Eng
land nt the Johnston & Phillips works.
The peat is transformed into a hard
combustible, which la well adapted for
use under boilers. Tho operation is
said to last two and n half hours, anil
tho material costs less than ordinary
coal. The combustible which is thus)
produced has a high calorific value and
gives scarcely any smoke.
A plant on a large scale Is to be in
stalled in Ireland and if successful It
will be nn Important move In the direc
tion of utilizing jpnt as fuel under tho
best conditions. In the present pro
cess the peat as it comes from the bogs
is placed in cylinders, which revolve
at a high speed, while a set of air fans
is used to drive off the water, which
forms about SO per cent of the total.
A set of electrodes is placed in the
cylinders and connected with a
dynamo. The circuit is completed
through the mass of the peat between
the electrodes. The resistance which
the peat offers to the current causes a
considerable heat and the latter breaks
up the peat and pulverizes It, but with
out causing it to lose any of its prop
erties. In order to increase the conductivity
of some kinds of rieat they add cer
tain chemical products. After this
process the jieat is treated by a set of
kneading rollers, which give It a plastic
consistency so as to enable it to take
any desired form. From here it passes
to an automatic press which forms it
Into briquettes. It is then ready for
use nnd is taken to the storeroom.
It is to be remarked that although
the passage of the current through the
peat gives rise to a heating effect tho
results obtained in this way are quite
different from those which another
method of beating would produce. Ry
fire beat the particles of the peat lose
their different constituent matters,
while the electric heating causes them
to disintegrate, thus freeing thel? cel
lular material and distributing It
throughout the entire mass of the pent.
Thus nil the particles become adapted
To obtain a harder material the dV
nggregnted pent Is given a larper
treatment with the current Tho air Is
kept out by a tight cover, and the mass
is then treatiAl with an adhesive solu
tion so as to unite tho particles. The
eieiinients have been mode with the
prccess on a large scale and at a gr.'ut
expense, nnd it is said to have been
greatly Improved In the details and cau
now bo applied commercially.
Henry had been so continuously and
persistently naughty that says the
New York World, his aunt, who had
charge of htm In his mother's absence,
did not know what to do with him. In
despair she said, wenkly :
"If you will not behave, I shall put
you in ono of grandpapa's hen-cooiw."
"Well," said Henry, sturdily, "before
you put me In, I want to tell you that I
will not lay nny eggs."
Saw Her aud "UucVeU."
Te88 Yes, I saw May Guddle at the
reception last night.
Jess Why, that's strange! She told
me to-day that she didn't see you
there, although she was looking for
Te89 Of course, stupid! Didn't I
Just tell you I saw her? Philadelphia
A girl will believe anything a man
tells her during courtship, but after
marriage well, that's another story.
If a sick man can't keep anything
else on his stomach he should try a
Thero Is often a superior air about
an Inferior person.