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About Bohemia nugget. (Cottage Grove, Or.) 1899-1907 | View Entire Issue (Jan. 3, 1906)
Devoted to the Mining, I,urabering and r'armhig Intcrc.-rts of this Community.
COTTAGE GROVE, LANE COUNTY, OKEGON, WL EN EST AY, JANUARY 3. iQoG.
i. a i u ft jr i:i
Ami Ucuernl Minlnur News
(lathered Prom lixchangcs.
A number of tbu tnincr are get
tin? out their skeea to take up to
the lulls with them. The snow is
.ettiui: ore tty deep.
The (. vSt S. K. tailr-oid seetua to
be n fleeted the same an some of the
lart-r railroads of the country, in a
cur famine- at tho preaont time. The
toad i constantly hampered by the
scaicity of cum to fill tin- demands
arising ftom the increased capacity
and growth of tho industries along
tho toad. More lumber is comiug
out all the time.
The l'umieniora iron mines cf
Sweden have- been in cc ntinuous
oneratiou fur over ,v'0 ye' r: . Tiny
produce the finest iron un- known,
the ore otiMslitiK of M'. t o per
cent magnetic oxnlu . iroii and 7
to la ptr cent silica with traces 'f
manganese, lime, iu'igne'a and
alumina, thecatthlv mattcia 1 etui;
in proper pHpir 'top to fotm a fu -siblo
sl.it; v itl.yu?. fitrtlur .nldition.
It is tactii ally Iree ot nrlpiitr and
phoi-pli.'! Tltr :tuue extend
under 'i 1 .le ami niui-U damage has
been e nu-el by tlm w iter brenking
throne h. Ovtr 000,000 tons of
high j;rnde ore have 1mq taken
Irom these tnitm. - - M iiuTu; World.
The copper output of Memana,
for 1 UO5 In fully ten jw cent
reatci t,h'an thnt ot i'J. accord
ing to (''formation obtained )y aetia
tor V. A. Clark, who hs made a
careful inquiry of the subject. The
same information leads him to pre
dict than in lyo6 the output will be
as much greater than this year.
"The copper industry is in better
conditiou toilay titan it ban bteu 111
many yeara," naid Senator 'latk to
Dutte representative ot The Min
ing World, "au.l 1 look for good
prices for the metal to continue for
a long time. All over the -world
the ue of copper ia increaHiug' and
the production in scarcely keeping
up with tlie demand. It is practic
ally ir.ijoiKible to buy auy (peat
amount of copper at present for de
livery in IcHfl than throe inontha.
There i a great demand for export
and everywhere at hotna there ie a
cry for more copper. I think the
present high price iu justified by
conditiods, and the fact that it is
telling so well in p roving a great
stimulus to copper mining through
out the world. The usee to which
copper is put are gradually extend
I will not miss going to
WELCH & WOODS
iu rrvrvir tarlll ViQiffcnTri Athinfr 0find
,) i ilCj V
A pair Shoes
f Waist, Umbrella, Foncy Vest, Silk Handker-
chiefs with Initials, and Suit Oases.
' 1 ''Tr'i . . Yt,
ing. Wherever Iron ot atetl in used
there copper is in demand. In
electrical works and in nilroads
and locomotive building the use
am uecessitj for it is growing.
Whil a Rla-lnoh Straain of Wlr Can
Imagine a porpendicuhtr column
of water more than one tbird of a
mile high, twenty-aix inches in
diameter at the top, and twenty
four inches in diameter at the bot
tom. These remarkable condition
are complied with, as far as power
goes, in the Mill Creek plant,
which operates under a head ol
1,960 feet. Thin little column of
water, which, if liberated, would le
just about enough to mike a small
trout stream, gives a capacity of
5,2eo hotse-power, or enough
power to n a good-sized ocean
going vessel. As the water strikes
the buckets of the water wheel it
has a pressure of 850 pounds to the
square Inch. What this pressure
implies is evidenced by the fact that
the average locomotive carries steam
at a pressure of j'.'o or Wo pound
to the square inch. Wete thin
stream, as it issues Iron) the uoz.le,
turned upon a hillside, the eaith
would lade away before it like anow
before a jet ol steam. Huge
bowlders, big an city oflicee, would
tumble into ravines with um little
effort ss a clover burr is carried
before the hyd.-itnt stream u a
Iront lawn Uiiik wills would
cracklo like paper, and the hugent
sky-scrapers crumble before a
stream like that of the Mill Creek
It takes a powerful wiitrr wheel
to withstand tht tremendous pies
sure. At Hutte Creek, Cab, a
single jet of water, six inches in
diameter, issuca from the nozzle at
the tremendous velocity of twenty
thousand feet a minute It im
pinges on the buckets of what
said to b the most powerful "ingle
water wheel ever built, caueiug the
latter to travel at the rate oi ninety
four miles an hour, making four
hundred revolutions a iniuuto. This
six-inch stream hue a f
twelve thousand borne-power. The
water for operating the plant is
oouveyed from Kutte Creek through
a oitch and discharged into a regu
lating reservoir which ia fifteen
hundred feet above the powerhouse.
Two ateel pressure pipe lines, thirty
inchetf iu ditmoter, conduct the
water to the power house. (Ham
ilon Wright, m The World Today.
Alt thtt merchants are busy these
days taking stock, and findirg out
how much more tuey maae uunng
the last year. Several of them are
surprised when they come to sum
tin the business thev have done dur
ing the year past, and think things
don't look so bad after all.
WHAT SHALL I
- vuv" v....q C3
or Slippers, Night
Report of Dr. I). T. Day to the
(JovernmcAt on his recent
AH a result of the experiments
in the concentration of black
nands ahich be conducted at
the Lewis andClatk Centennial Mi
position iu l'ortlaud, Oregon, dur
ing the past summer, Ir. lavid T.
Day of the Suited State lcb'gi
cl Survey, makes the noteworthy
statement th"t conditoina for the
production of steel by electricity are
fully as good in Oregon a they re
iu Oct many, where pig irti
been obtained in aimihar electric
turnaces at lighlly lower cost than
iu ordinary l-lust fotnace praitieo.
A preliminary repott on the anb
ject of unletting by electticity the
magni'tic iron 'tea obtained from
various points on the Pacific bench
has been submitted by Dr. Day to
the director of the (Geological Sur
vey. A'tei considerable correspond
uce with the patentees of various
forms of electric furnaces, arrange
meutswere ma le with the Wilson
Aluminum company, of New York,
for the seivii-ea ot ('. K. Wilson,
their expert iu electrical smelling.
Mr. Wilvn arrived in roitlnd on
October 11 and at the end of one
teck had erected a small hut effi
cient electrical furnace, snd was
makiug steel. He had procured iu
the east 2T cabrou electrodes
encb 48 iuche lou and 4 inches
square such as are ordinarily ued
in electrical furnaces. The reU of
his equipment "an obtained iu l'ort
laud Itoui tnatetials kept in stock
or easily made it a foundry. In
building the furnace a course of or
dinary Caroigie lite bricks was
laid upou the ground, t'jiou this
iiiji. urse was laid a cast lion
plate, fiveeigbts an men rp:ci;,
three feet long aud three feet wide.
On this was placed an oval sheet
irou drum of 'o. iti iron three feet
long, by three feet high. The sides
of this drum wsre lined with fire
bricks to forma crucible 18 by 18
loches and 2 inches high, The
bottom of the crucible was covered,
from tho cust irou plate up to the
tapping hole, with broken carbon
lectrodo. The carbou electrode to
carry the current was euspended by
a pulley above this furnace and
connected with a balauced axle and
wheel by which it could be readily
raised or lowered. The top of the
furnace was covered with two
double plates of riveted wrought
nnd USGful. (It
. . ...11 a . . i . . 1 . .i 4,4-,
iron, between which cold water
wus run. In the center of this
water jacketed (over an opening
waa left sufficient to allow the free
play up and down of the carbon
Through tho co opeiatioii of the
l'urtlaud (Jcr-ernl Klectrio company,
n social wire, bearing a H3OU Tolt
alternatiiig current, was ruu from
the eity supply to the smelter. This
was carried into a series of six trans
formers and yielded a current vary
ing from 50 to ao volts by 1U00 am
pere. On tho afternoon of October i7 a
current of volt and looo am
peres was panted through the fur
nace and the aic established. The
furcace was then fed with a mixture
of magnetite, coke and lime. This
consisted of 2000 pounds of magne
tite, obtained from the wands at
Hammond Station, hi nr Astoria,
Or'., at the mouth of Columbia j
liver; 41 pounds of "Fairfax" eokt,
which t.ontamed about 25 per cent
ot ash; and '2 pounds of lime
About .rio 1 out) I of this charge!
was slowly introduced into the fur
iiate, and within an hour there was
tapped from the furnace 7o pounds
o! steel and slag which euntlueJ H
per cent of iron nd 5'! jr cent ol
On the'following day the furnace
was aguin ben ted and filled with a
similar mixture to that used on the
fust run, except that it contained
les lin.e. Steel was mccessfully
cam twite, rusking, for that dav's
run of two hours, a product of Uo
pounds of steel from li0 pound of
iron ore This gives the furnace a
capacity, mi a coutiuuoua run, of
I440 ponudfin '2 hours
The heat was sufficient to keep
the entire lag in a lluid state,
whether much or little titantic acid
was present. It is evident also that
no titanium went into the iron. In
stead of the steel usually obtained,
the charge of Octolx r 'Jo, a shown
by the analysis of that day, gave
what was practically pig iron.
The "lags first obtained consisted
of fujed iron silicate", fused oxide
of iron, and silicate of titauiurn.
1- it.. -.iiim-iiin there UtfS
grew lightr in color and iu specific
gravity. It became possible also to
lessen the quantity ot slag produced
which wis unduly Urge owing to
the great quantity of Huh in the coal.
The coke used showed on analysis
41 p r cent of ash. It is difficult to
procure in this locality coke that is
well adapted to metallttrgicpl needs.
F.xperimctits with the soiall fur
nace having been successful, it was
thought desirable to build a larger
furuace, with thicker walls, in
which higher temperatures might be
obtained and maintained. An iron
plate 2 inches thick, G feet wide, ad
1! feet long was therefore procured
and laid upou two couisos of Ore
Greater Salem Commercial Club
Hear Reports on Sienna De
posits at Walker.
The rotnmiltco that was heir l;i-t.
week looking over the plant ami d -Iosits
of tho Oregon Sienna I'ainl
Co. for the Salem Club Kpoiti 1
Saturday night, and tol l very w
ing descriptions ol what t, y fouti I
and aubnutted a large nurnbr l
6iuii)lfS, so that tho 1 bib Mleitt'1
C. W. Hrown m expert p:in!
man to make careful te-ts, and d.
tcruiino the quantity nnd i'!ci.l of
the deposits, nd arranged f t
aamples to be sent the state cluni t
at Corv.ilbs for examination.
A nuiiier ol tho member n?
favorably illlprese'l ritnl kind they
woubl be glal to take stock in
ci inpauy to cpernte sim h a pbii.t uf
ter thoroughly testing it.
biics, to fuim the l-n?r of a f'nt vv.
on which wits set a wroiight-no-i
cylindrical shell one quarter of mj
iii' h thick. f-t in dininter. and
4 fe t high. This was l;n-l ii'i
lire brick, tLe bottom having ti e
usii'il briing of one course of 1 ,ir!
electiodc bri ke 4 inches in ilium.
eter. Two caibons elar:ipd t
gether with h wiiter-jnckftcil be'oi
or clamp formed t her eleclro.if ! !
introducing the current. J i e vi
tage was ruu up as higu p.:.m;!,.
- that is from 7; t.j '.'w vl'", '
liuut of the nun i:t ob' un.nl !
the wires. In nil resjetts xc j.!
those mentioned, this se v.!, i t 11
nace is identical with the iirst.
Iron ore froni Aptis. I!u ol Mon
terey, California, ws saieltcl in
this furnace on November 1" Tb.is
iron ore is very 6re g'Mncd .01 1
contains a notable peicmtage u'.
niaganese, much rf which Y r"
the Mteel. It ii not - n,-li in lit:i
o the olht-r Kni. UII.it 1,-..'
beeu use. Ill I
nace made a satisfactory run, innr.
taining easily a 1 iph tr; cratuic
and turning out a eiy soi "Hi j ;o
duet. After n fw trials t!i( s'at;
became as li,;lt in eol r 11 that
from auy well regulated I :.ist :,:i
nace. The later produri-' i-fs'.'!-',
were much ilenscr than ti ie fii s.t
made, which ouM seem t imh
cate that, at the higher temper. ".Me
the process of reduction inoium .
eveu in the short time that elp
between the 1 '-i-viiing of rrductj j
aud the tapping. In every isc,
however, small blow boles were ol.
ervable in the sieel. Tbee were
due to gaHes which funned wherever
On December 26tk wo
will commence to sell our
entire stock ol goods at re
duced prices. We want to
clean up all odds ends to
have every thing new for
Nothing will ;be sold on
credit at reducedprices cask
over the counter and we will
do you good.
GARMAN, IIEMENWAY CO.
Leaders in Merchandising.
si ui cu
bs of re-
apA'-ity "f tlni Cir-
1 ii.vc wnli a ciiricot
I y 1 mil 1 f 1 '
W'i'.M by I vk) jior.uda
t;i oNSMii'PiNc. ntxonu.
'"ppHK it' ii t? tli'ipi'ig s'-nfnn
2i hatt r totrd vit!i a total from
I...!-:, S..p:iio: y.iU of 33,
o7 I " t tons .11 ;'. )! t 2..!'J,-20
t-ii!r. 1! !ir; n lh' r-,a'o:i ol l'y04.
shipniMiU f"t' lo!." '-"".iso'i ur m ful-
I ' 1 vr v
."::luth . .1,571 oli; 8. "(; 77r''
Twi. Harb.-i- . ,'S.s7.. 7i'M.,'J
Siiiv .i'2,' .' 4 rj-"
Km-u)h..-i :t.C;,o2.'i 5, 1 76, '::;
A-.ldi'i I. ' 1 "7 H :t.40', 1 2)
Marqiut:-... . .l.W.v.h 2.'.35.'25'j
Tin -!ii; t.'. -nti Iri'M t!'e Mini.e
sotu t-!i;.ci e f e.bn;: -1, 50, .jo
to::, r rii' th'in tiic total sl:ip
:i:e t Tot ly i. 'J ne Vermill on
i:iu," r.ii!!'.'! s-'ipped nearly f. o
1 .ot' 1 ' thrui lad season. l"'r
Aardinv: 1 , t 7 T 1 gr;s tons The
S.c ! ' 'or;-m!:)'; th': largest
i-hippct, -i'l ' Jib -d 1 '.1,500,000
t,:,b ,r.,.,v tv : I s. 1.! out 1 1 , ?'"t ) -IW
f : " t ; 1 ur.le I e i 1 tue
!, .v., . i l' i I ,t!' '.;:; S'.ramr Lip
( 'or x :.'.'' 1 1 d'vi'.h'! of t;e
:j i.,'! -ii 'J"i' ! in . i!.-k.iii;
th- !.: j-,i :.l ':.!; (.' nt v- the M"un
ri, : .'.'M 'iu Iron. Mi;.;:.
This 1 'o; 1 tv -rut ! - "vj "17
!.!, . : v, 1 . r .-. roi.oi-.nt ever
'.rj.pe I !o .i .it.) i:'.'.::'.- during ti
-.:!. "". -.'.:.. T!i" r r 1 was for
it.rilv ' '. I '.1,'.' !' iyal w'iich
i i i ' . ! r v nv c.f iron ore
... 1 , j
' :-y ot l'Joj In
.:. tt- . ': .. of ere
.' ::l . ; 1 1 .. !: o! '. C(l
I';':- t '. ' : ' : '... i ' ''' it
.11: I 1! at 1 :;- -: V: 'c :". wi't l:c
i-uh f-- - ' lb." t n tia;"s
tl.i-i -.v::.!. ; ' .d! rail." Mining
Th" .vs'ip ri it'ii eviia .iiu kf I't.
;(:, 1 c v th' s- d.rys ehovcliug
-i..-;v Jor :!.' w' '- b!ar.l:et is about
(... : t . " : . 1 1 ' b-' have
! 'V M I.-:;.:' "'''.' '' li'tC.V uiS'CU3-
! a, I -r.: 1 : j t't d'-batts at
.:. of !-.- r : : . re idly, the
I .'! V''.ii.!i i. v. l.i t'icr the
I'm.'.: 'i. , .-.doi.: fet more
M.!a:v a r'i'.e I Slatca coo-
;. 'i -M t-t: :i:.i! w!.c:hcr a conRres
1: e:ii a :r.. : 1' : of the House
ri . :r : A United
it.rt-s .(.u.itiT o!:.'i-'.-. 'n salary of
fSUi'tJ j,,., ( .j . A niciui cr of the
l.'r.ited St itcs ii ':se Ueprcscn
tntives. v.'n is fernu-d i congrcss-r-.:au,
i'iv.v - Jtr vear, with
the txol:i.;i ci tin: sp aktr who
gt'l fii'.oc-' p r u".
j;i aim i.:ar,ii''ti Viet
t . 1 1 ; I - - i i;i t !; sl" 1 in pi