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About Bohemia nugget. (Cottage Grove, Or.) 1899-1907 | View Entire Issue (Aug. 2, 1905)
Land Fraud Defendants Accused
ul Changing Applications.
DONE BY COMMISSIONER BIGGS
Mysterious Nolo Signed by Witness
Alto Mas Place in Proceed
ings ol Ilia Trial.
Port IiiiiiI, July L'7. Prosecution in
till t r t K I of Will 1H IIIHIIII, (il'HIMT lllld
1 i i K'WTM oti ii charge of subornation of
icrjury In the Icdcral 'oirt scored yes
terday iiiul added Important evidence
to it case. Tin striking features ul
tllO tl'Mlilllllliy WITH tll llcllll IHHtOIlN of
Ji'ff I). Evans, the llriil witness called
in tlm morning, that the iiiiimI.ith of
hi claim in tin original applicat inn he
filed before United HUtcs ( 'oiniuisHioiicr
Itiggs had t " i changed ut The Hallos
IiiiiiI 1 11 i -1 iioit tlm rin-it of a letter
by tin ollii iiilH from lliggs, in which
I Iik hitter said tlm chatig w on lil save
trouble, iiiul was at the reiiict of
Evans. Evans test illcd that In" had
never ri'ini'nli'il tlm t in 1 1 t-'i nor did he
know ol tin' rliuii" until In' mux
hIiow ii t In' application at tin- foruii'i'
tiinl, Willi I lie ol luiiuil tin iiiIiit Mirulrli-i-i
out and ntlicis written in.
A fin llnT feature of 1 1 1 m tent iinony
was t he idcut ilicul ion of a pioinismiiy
llotl', Hindi' ill favor of ItcHlicr mid sign
.y tin. witn.'HH, for $IL'o lO, the
money advanced I y tiesncr to make
linal proof. Evans tihtiili'd tlmt, al
though tin- sigMit uri- wiih uinjui'it ionii
lily 1 1 i h ow ii, ln luid ii.-vi-r, to Mm know
ledge, signed any note for 1 1 1 money
iidvitnt'i'd liy I'r. (ieaiicr, nnd had been
lold liy "iggw, who handled the whole
nfTuir, tlmt, while a note would I mi re
quired from some i-ntry ini-n, it was not
to lie nuked of KvilliH.
RIGHT SIDE UP.
Bennington in Condition to Tow to
Mara Ulund Yard.
San Iicgo, Cal., July '27. The gun
Imat I ' n 1 1 i i it i ii in again afloat mi an
4'Vi'M keel, and will In' towed t the
Marc I h In in I navy yard to do thorough
ly i'xauiiin-d and ri'iairi'il. Nlie will
In" taken up hy the Iris, extorted by
the iiowi'lfiil naval tug Fortune, hut it
i now doiihtful if she w ill get away he
fore the ariival of the Chicago.
Admiral Goodrich iH expected to ar
rive mi hi" ll;igliip tonight or early to
rn., rrow, when an investigation of the
iliHiiHter will b licguii. Much intercut
centers on the, iiii'Htion of what wan the
etciiin pressure on Imiler 1 at the time
if the explosion, it lieillg Understood
that the Haft-ty valve had Im'CH net to
Idow off at 140 tMitinda.
Kxaminatioii of the Inside of the "hip
how that the hull haH heeu damaged
lull little, if any. Tlm water which
pod red in and caused the lint inn came
through the blow hole, which had heen
lirokeu hy the force of the explosion.
JUDGE COTTON DECLINES.
Decides to Refine Bench After Con
ference With Harriman.
Portland, July '7. William W.Cot
ton, with a commisHion already in his
possession, has concluded to decline the
.appointment as I'nitcd States judge
for the district of Oregon. Private ad
vices to this effect have heen received
Mud the fact Iiiih heen absolutely eon
lirincd. Mr. Cotton left New York for
Oregon last night, after a conference
with the Eastern olliciala of the Harri
man lines, and today the fact of his in
tention to decline the judicial position
offered him hy tho president became
While no information Iiiih heen re
ceived giving a reason for thin action
on the part of the Federal judgc-ap-pointcc,
it in generally helieved that
indiiceuieutH have heen offered him
that hy tho Harriman system that
make it worth while for him to decline
the bench and remain where lie is with
additional powers and financial consid
eration. Floating Exposition Ready.
New York, July '27. Plans have
been completed for an effort by an ex
porting company of this city to extend
American commerce to foreign coun
tries. A floating exposition will be
equipped and sent on a tour of the
world. The "American Floating Ex
position," as it will be called, will
eturl from New York in January, HHHt.
It will carry a limited number of sam
ples of various merchandise, of Ameri
can manufacture, the samples to be dis
played at each of the ports where stops
will bo made.
Start for New York.
Paris, July 27. M. Witto, Professor
tie Martens and a number of oflicials
inakinK up the HusHian peace plenipo
tentiaries left the Ht. Nazare railroad
wtation at 11:30 this morning for Cher
liourg, where they will sail for New
York on the North German Lloyd
steamer Kaiser Wilhelm der Orosie this
evening. Many oflicials und diplomats
Withered at the depot, including Am
bassadors Nelidoff and Casaini and M.
Itoutkowski, Russian financial agent.
Only Impartial Inquiry.
Washington, July 27. Secretary of
the Navy Bonaparte, when asked today
for a statement of the disaster to the
Itennington, prom i nnd the public that
there would be no whitewash and that,
no far as the service itself was concern
ed, lie would make a ucapegoat out of
SEN 1 LNCE PRONOUNCED.
Si Month in Jail and Fine of One
. Thousand Dollars for Mitchell
"Ih linliinirnl lit Hi (null U Mini thr rtr
Irmlxnl lir limn Uonrd lor llir In in ol i
month In lliv county lull ol Mnllnomnli loud
ly. In I hi illy, noil liny a Iiii In the mm of
on lhounml ilollai. '
Purl land, July 2H. Judge John Jef
ferson lie Haven pronounced uilgmeiit
upon I'liited htaleH Heiiator John Hip
pie Mitchell in the Federal Circuit
court yesterday morning, an.! when the
last words of the stern Jurist ha' died
away ill the depressing silence, 'the gray
bearded man, who has sal for almost a
((Hurler of a century in the most august
legislative body in the world and read
the plaudits of statesmanship at the
hands of a trusting constituency, heard
himself sentenced to six mouths' im
prisonment in the Multnomah county
jail ami decreed to pay a fine of $1,000.
And when it was all over and the hush
had yielded to the shullling of many
feet, John II. Mitchell, I'liited (Slates
senator and septuagenarian, arose and
walked slowly from the courtroom
bowed ami shaking beneath the weight
of every one of his 70 years.
Fx Senator John M . Thurston made
a plea for his aged client, and sought
to stay the judgment of the coiilt by
the argument that the court has no
jurisdiction to pronounce a penalty
that will detain a member of t he I 1 1 1 1 i
States senate Irom being in attendance
upon its seiiMons. I'.ut ibis was to no
avail, and a moment later H'-nator
Mitchell was degiaded to the level of
all convicted criminals before the law.
Not ice of an appeal was given and
execution staved, but should the high
est tribunal in the land iillirm the ac
tion of the lower court and the band of
executive clemency be not extended in
mercy, the senior I'liited States senator
from Oregon will pass a portion of the
last days of his life in the dingy shad
ows of the Multnomah county jail, and
be forever barred from holding public
Witnesses Called by Prosecution Fa
Portland, July ". Impressive was
the object lesson given t Williamson,
(iesnerand PoggH, charged with subor
nation of perjury, in the Federal court
yesterday morning w ben they sat by
mid heard Keiitence pronounced upon
Senator Mitchell. Tw o wit nesses who
did not appeal in the former trial were
examined in the morning, and they
told of the entry upon lauds at the sug
gestion of (iesner, who loaned them
money to make proof. However, the
testimony of both was rather favorable
to the defense, as both stated there was
no contract with (iesner to transfer the
lauds to him tiion proof being complet
ed, and they said they felt at liberty to
sell to anyone else if they received bet
ters offers fiom them. A feature of the
morning's session was the decision by
the court that to prove its case the
prosecution must show perjury in filing
on the lands involved, and not when
final proof was made.
I loth witnesses were unwilling to tell
all they knew, lloth had known the
defendanst for years, and showed dis
position to help them out of their di
lemma as much as possible. However,
there were valuable points in the tetti
inony for the prosecution.
COLLECT TREE SEEDS.
Forest Service Plans Planting Seed
lings on Semi-Arid Reserves.
Washington, July 21. The forest
service is planning to collect tree seeds
on a very large scale next autumn.
Tho work of reforestation in tho Went
ern reserves is calling for the produc
tion of many millions of seedling an
nually, and the service has already es
tablished six forest nurseries for this
purpose in different parts of the semi
arid West. Nurseiy work or planting
is now in progress in the Santa llarharu
Han (iahriel, Modoc and Warner moun
tain reserves in California, the Pike's
Peak and (iunnison reserves in Colora
do, tho Hismal river reserve in Nebras
ka, the (iila river reserve in New Mex
ico, and the Halt Lake reserve in Utah.
Boycott Popular in China.
Paris, July 25. Mr. Liou, the first
secretary of the Chinese legation, in an
interview in the Matin, gives his views
on the Chinese boycott of American
goods. Ho says: "The boycott of
American goods is gradually extending,
and will probably gain considerably in
Southern China. The Chinese press is
taking an active part in the boycott, in
the struggle qver which China has
nothing to lose. The movement is
very popular and will only cease when
the United States modifies certain laws
affecting our countrymen."
Reward for Negro.
Washington, July 20. Haron Uus
sche, the charge of the German embas
sy, has deliveerd to the State depart
ment a silver watch and cLain, with
the request that they be handed to
George 0. KUia, a negro laborer at the
Washington barracks, as a recognition
by the German emperor of the action
of KUia in saving the statue of Freder
ick the Great from damage by tiie ex
plosion of a package of dynamite placed
on the fence surrounding it.
Secretary Wilson III.
Washington, July 2o Secretary of
Agriculture Wilson is confined to his
room as the result ot an acute attack of
indigestion. He was taken ill yester
day, but continued at tho department
throughout the day. He is improving
rapidly and is expected to return to
Second Trial ol LanrtJraud Cases!
Not So Long as First.
JUDGE BENNETT IS PUGNACIOUS
Endoavors'to Tangle Up Government
Witnesses Testimony Similar to
That of the First Trial.
Portland, July 2. Tho first day's
work in the Williamson trial has
shown two things ; one, that the time
consumed will in all probability not be
so long ai in the first hearing; the
other, that the def.-.ine is going to use
the testimony of the first trial as a club
with which to chantise the witnesses
for the government, throw them into
confusion if possible, and thus weaken
the force of their testimony before the
Judge I'.eimett's pugnacious cross
examination of the three witnesses
Campbell Iliincan, I'.en F. Jones and
I raiik liny, was the feature. Upon
the opening of the trial t he government
lirst called I ' 1 1 1 -ii 1 1 , who told the same
story related at the I'm ft trial of having
taken up a claim at the suggestion of
liesm-r and with the understanding
that In- should get "" for it when pat
ented. The direct examination was
short and to the point. Mr. Heney
taking advantage of the knowledge
gained at the lirst trial to eliminate all
superlloii:! matter and recitation. The
same was the case with the evidence
given by Jones and Hay, but when the
witnesses were turned over to the de
fense they were given an unpleasant
time by Judge I'ennett, who (juestioned
them as to their testimony and brought
them face to face with what they had
said in the former trial.
This catei hism related particlarly to
the cross-examination at the previous
trial when the iiiesitons had been ask
ed by Judge Bennett. These questions
were many of them leading in nature
and ran with the preceding testimony,
so that when the witnesses, particular
ly Hay, were asked if they hud made
certain answers they denied them,
though holding still to the intent' and
purpose of the first statement made.
Tho meaning in many instances was ac
cepted as w hat had been meant though
the exact language wus denied.
ANXIOUS FOR HIS PLUNDER.
Czar and Kaiser May Have Discussed
Alliance in Far East.
St. Petersbuurg, July 25. There is
a growing belief here that the attitude
Germany has assumed in connection
with the situation in the Far Fst, and
the meeting lietween the rzar and kais
er are due to a desire on the part of the
German government to safeguard her
ow n interests in China and to secure
herself in the ossession of Kiaochau.
China's attitude recently, insofar as
Germany is concerned, has not lieen of
the friendliest, ami her demand that
she be consulted in connection with the
peace negotiations is thought to indi
cate that she hopes to recall ceded ter
ritory. Insamuch as Japan has signified her
willingness to have China resume the
control ot all Manchuria under certain
safeguards, the mikado's government is
believed to favor a demand by China
that the territory now held by other
IMiwers under treaty obligations be ced
ed back to China, and that all ports in
the Flowery Kingdom be made open
ports, subject to no onerous trade regu
lations and all commerce having equal
France, despite her proverbial hatred
of Germany, could be swung into line
for concerted action in the Far Flust, as
her possessions would be endangered
should a united China he possible.
With Hussia, Germany and France ac
ing in unity, they would be a factor to
reckon with, they would be in a jiosi
tion to benefit greatly thereby.
Carter Will Not Resign. .
Oyster Hay, July 25. A considera
tion of Hawaiian affairs occupied the
president's attention for several hours
today. He had as a gueBt for luncheon
and during the greater part of the after
noon George R. Carter, governor of Ha
waii, who came to Oyster Bay determ
ined to resign his otlicial position to es
cape annoyance to which he lias been
subjected. The president not only de
clined to accept his resignation, but
told him to go back to Honolulu and he
should have the full support and sym
pathy of the national admiiiistraiton.
Taft Party in Japan.
Yokohama, July 25. Secretary of
War Taft and party received a demon
strative welcome to Japan, the princi
pal buildings, streets and wharves of
this city and the shipping in the har
bor being gaily decorated. A noisy
display of daylight fireworks along the
streets fronting the harbor rnnaounced
the arrival of the steamship Manchuria
at the quarantine grounds at 7 o'clock
this morning, and continued until the
vessel was docked.
Twelve Burnes to Death.
Houston, Tex., Julv 25. The loss of
life in the Humble Are, as near as can
be determined, is 12, but no names can
bo ascertained. The Texas company
declines to make any estimate of its
loss or to give out any insurance figures,
but oil men place the loss at present at
2,600,000 barrels of oil, valued at
$502,500; pumping plant, damage to
tanks, mules, etc., at $25,000 or more.
WAR ON MOSQUITOES.
New Orleans Determined to Stamp
Out Yellow Fever.
New Orleans, July 25. The old time
strict quarantine established many
years ago by )r. Holt went Into effect
yesterday morning, and will be enforc
ed with absolute impartiality and with
the utmost stringency against all Cen
tral American ports which are consid
ered infected. The same regulations
have been suppdscd to have been in
force for some time past, but investiga
tion shows that they have been light
ened to some extent, and it is to this
reason that the health authorities at
tribute the introduction of yellow fever
into New Orleans.
These regulations mean that every
vessel from Central American orts
w ill be detained at quarantine si x days,
and thus prevent absolutely any furth
er cases of fever being brought into the
The situation in New Orleans is now
thoroughly in hand, and it is expected
that the quarantine will be lifted with
in a few weeks. Governor Iilanchard,
Mayor liehrman, the United States
Marine Hospital surgeons from coatt
ports and the city and state health au
thorities met today and determined to
take the most stringent measures to
stamp out yellow fever and any disease
which resembles it in New Orleans.
All unite in the belief that the mos
quito theory in the spread of the dis
ease is the only true fine, arid the fight
w ill be carried along that line, which
was that followed in Havana. No new
cases of yellow fever or any suspicious
(uses developed tslay, neither were
t here any suspicious deaths. The dis
ease, which was met with scientific and
sanitary means from the beginning,
seems to have run its course, and the
physicians are proud of their work in
limiting the disease to a restricted dis
trict. PAUL JONES' BODY ARRIVES.
Vessels of American Navy Travel 7,
000 Miles Without Mishap.
Annapolis, July 25. The John Paul
Jones expedition, commanded by liear
Admiral Sigsbee, will complete its mis
sion with the landing of the distin
guished dead today. The eight ships
of the squadron, four cruisers and four
battleships have rested all day in the
anchorRge of the naval academy, lyirg
in double column, with the cruisers,
headed by the Brooklyn, nearest the
The day has been without ceremony,
with the exception of the exchange of
calls between Admiral Sands, superin
tendent of the naval academy, and Ad
mirals Sigsbee and Davis and Captain
K. I). Gervais, of the F'rench cruiser
Jurien de la Graviere.
On the half deck of the Brooklyn, in
a spacious compartment at the entrance
to the cabin of Admiral Sigsbee, lies
the body of John Paul Jones, contained
in a casket of lend inclosed in another
of wood of handsome design, and drap
ed with the colors. Constant guard
is kept by an armed jackie.
Admiral Sigsbe regards his mission
as emirmtly succeessful and satisfacto
ry. His squadron has steamed nearly
7,000 miles without delay on account
of accident or mishap to machinery.
, Military Convicts Escape.
Spokane, July 25. Five military
convicts have escaped from the guard
house at Fort Wright. All of them
were men sent into the fort to serve
sentences for desertion from other army
posts. The names of the men are:
F'rank Burton, Joseph Carroll, James
Collingwook, Herman W. Lamp and
Harry Linden. The outbreak was one
of the most daring ever attempted at
Fort Wright. With from six to ten
guards in an adjoining room, the five
desperate men sawed through two iron
bars three-quarters of an inch thick.
Inventor Rejects Offer.
New York, Julv 25. Morris Schaet
effer, 15 years old, of Brooklyn, who
solved a problem of signaling for ele
vated roads and part of whose system
is in use on Brooklyn "L" lines, made
the statement that the position as elec
trical engineer with a salary of $18,000
a year has been offered to him by the
General Electric company, of Schenec
tady, N. Y. He added that upon the
advice of City Superintendent of
Schools William II. Maxwell, he had
decided to reject the offer and remain
at school until he finishes.
Detention Camps Established.
New Orleans, July 25. The yellow
fever quarantine situation affecting
New Orleans is not serious, in that it
applies only to persona and baggage,
and this will be relieved by the imme
diate establishment of detention camps
on the lines of all the railroads where
travelers desiring to go up to the quar
antine territory may remain five days
and secure a certificate of noninfec
tion from the Marine hospital serv
ice. Germans Aping the Japanese.
Herlin, July 25. The secrecy with
which the Japanese have screened the
movements of their armies has caused
the German staff to re-examine the
methods for administering the army in
time of peace or war. The annual
maneuvers which are to take place this
year are to be conducted with much of
the secrecy that would surround actual
Job In Sight for Wallace.
Atlanta, Ga., July 25. The Consti
tution tomorrow will say: "A persist
ent rumor is afloat in railroad circles
here to the effect that John, F. Wallace,
formerly chief eaglneer of the Panama
canal, is to be made president of the
Seaboard Air ine railroad. The report
cannot be verified, but comes from an
apparently roliable source.
The principal features of the Nation
al Irrigation or Keelamstlon art, as
eonelnely stated by Congressman C 1).
Van Ouzer of Nevada, are ns follows:
1'lrst. A reclamation fund In the
tnaitiry, consisting of all moneys re
ceived from the disposal of public
la mil In sixteen arid ami send arid
Statu ami territories (Including Cali
fornia and Nevada).
Second. Investigation nnd report as
to Irrigation project by the Interior
liepartinent through the geological sur
vey. ThM. After the approval of such
projects by the Secretary of the In
terior construction to commence under
contracts made by hlrn. No contract
to be made unless the money neces
sary for the completion of the project
If available In the reclamation fund.
Fourth. Compensation to the fund
of the actual cost of each project by
the sale of watT rights, to be made In
n series of Installments running over
Fifth. The holding of the public
lands for actual settlers under the
homestead aet; holdings to be limited
to small areas, sufficient for the sup
fort of a family; no commutation.
Sixth. Siile of water rights to pri
vate laud holders, but not for more
than V) acres, thus discouraging land
monopoly and promoting the breaking
up of large tracts.
Seventh. The ultimate control of Ir
rigation works, except reservoirs, by
the settlers under a system of home
rule. This plan will enable the West
to reclaim Itself without calling upon
the taxpayers of the country. It en
tirely relieves the irrigation agitation
f the charge that It Is Intended to
tax the lOust for the Improvement of
the West The government simply
iuts Its government lands In condition
for settlement by storing and making
available the floodwaters which are
essential for reclamation.
In addition to the government work
on the use of water In Irrigation, which
Is being carried on In all the arid or
sernl-arld States, the work In Califor
nia, according to an official statement,
Includes a comprehensive study of the
whole Irrigation situation, looking to
the remedying of the evils which are
cheeking development along this line.
The work la under the general super
vision of Elwood Mead, the expert In
charge of Irrigation investigations.
The work being done on the streams
and Irrigation systems selected for In
vestigation Includes study of the fol
lowing: 1 Abstracts of the records of claims
to water, character of those records,
number of claims, total volume claim
ed, places where recorded, and the ease
or difficulty with which the validity of
any claim can be determined.
2 Rights to water for purposes oth
er than Irrigation, namely, mining,
power and domestic purposes.
S Methods by which the amount
and character of water rights are de
termined, accessibility and complete
ness of the record showing the nature
of the established rights.
4 Character of litigation over water
rights, its causes and cost, its Influ
ence on irrigation development, and
the principles established by decisions
15 Hlghts for storage and under
ground waters, how acquired andhow
affected by rights to the surface flow
of streams, and the Influence of the
underground waters, on the stream's
0 Nature of an appropriation of
water. To determine who is the appro
prlator, the ditch builder or the owner
of the land on which the water Is used;
or is the land Itself the approprlator.
Also, to determine the true measure of
Its amount, the size of the claim, the
capacity of the ditch, or the area irri
gated. 7 The volume of return or seepage
water, and Its availability for being
again diverted, and influence on value
of Irrigator's rights.
8 Size, number, location and capac
ity of ditches and other distributing
works established, and Irrigation duty
The work also Includes collection of
data showing how water Is divided
among different ditches from the same
stream; how It Is distributed among
users; the nature of water-right con
tracts between canal owners and water
users; what contracts have proven
satisfactory; and what forms of con
tracts have given rise to controversy,
and the reason therefor. Facts show
ing rates for sale or delivery of water
and the methods by which these rates
have been established will also be
Late Secretary of State Regarded aa
Ureatcat Dlplouiut of the Day.
By the death of John Hay the life of
the leading diplomat of the day has
ended. Not only had he established
himself lu such exalted position, but
he had formulated, developed and
completed what has of late been
known as American diplomacy, the
direct method of pursuing negotiations
regarding matters in controversy be
tween nations. So successful had be
come this method that he had em
ployed it not only In controversies be
tween this country and others, but In
matters between other countries when
questions arose which only Indirectly
affected the interests of the United
Sta.Ua. In ahort, John Hay ha made
the United States a factor In the poll
tics of the world to be reckoned with
on every occasion In which, by Its In
terests, the I'liited States enn bo re
garded as a participant. John Hay
was regarded as not only the leading
diplomat of the day, but tho greatest
diplomat that ever occupied tho ollloo
of swretary of state.
John Hay was born In Salem, Ind.f
Oct. 8, 1H.'!M. He was the son of Or.
Charles Hay. He was educated at
Warsaw and Springfield, III. He win
graduated at Brown University In
In M he went from Springfield,
III., to Washington to Iwvome Presi
dent Iylncoln's secretary and Inter be
served In the civil war. He reached
the rank of colonel and was at Lin
coln's bedside when the President died.
He then went to Europe and filled sub
ordinate diplomatic positions at vari
ous capitals. In 18!X5 he was appoint
ed ambassador to Fingland.
In the seventies, when Mr. Hay was
acting editor of the New York Tribune,
he wrote fanciful verse of the soli,
which became more celebrated than
his more serious literary efforts on
of which Is a llf of Lincoln, for which
( v?L yfeg
he received $50,000. Mr. Hay's house.
In Washington was one of the most
beautiful residences in the city, and
his library was filled with rare pic
tures and rarer books.
As a literary man John nay would
have won fame sufficient for the most
ambitious. Ilia life of Lincoln Ls an
able work and his poetry was of a
high order. But as secretary of state
under McKlnley and then under Roose
velt, Mr. Hay brought the diplomacy
of the United States Into the first
rank. His ability was splendidly
shown during the Boxer troubles In
China. Hay alone kept China out of
the Russo-Japanese war. Limiting the
rone of conflict was one of hlg great
est diplomatic victories.
TROTTING OR GALLOPING?
What Do Fish Do, and Beats, and In
sect and Worms?
Here ls a problem for people with
sharp eyes! As we all know, a horsa
when walking or trotting advances
only one leg of each pair at a time,
but when galloping lifts both fore feet
together and then both hind feet Now
the question ls how other animals
manage this matter. The birds, of
course, flap both wings together, but
which birds run and which hop? We
human beings "trot" when we walk,
and "gallop" when we swim that is.
If we are using the plain breast stroke.
The dog, however, "trots" for both.
Now, do the amphibious animals the)
seals, otters and the rest swim hka
men or like other four-footed crea
tures? Then there are the fish. One wouH
rather expect that, as they move their
tails from side to side, they would
flap alternately with the fins, which
are their hands and feet Who can tell
whether they do or not, and whether
nil fish at all times follow one rule?
Ry the way, how does a frog use its
The great nnatomlst, E. Ray Lankes
er, has lately pointed out that while
th'j "thousand legs," such as our com
mon gaily worm, advance two feet of
a pair together, the centlpeds, which
ere much like them, do exactly the op
posite; and the swimming worms also
alternate the stroke of each pair of
paddles. 1 doubt If many people can
te'.l on which system the caterpillar
manages Its dozen or so legs, or wheth
er the adult Insect walks, trots, paces,
or gallops on Its six. How does the
spider use tight?
Altogether thjs ls a large field for
observation, a field, too where any
one may discover new facts as yet un
recorded, and thus add to the store of
knowledge. St. Nicholas.
Northerner And you have some,
earthquakes down lu your country, do
Southerner Oh, yes, but they're
very slight. When they come we can't
always tell whether It's a real earth
quake or If It's another attack of
chills and fever coming on. Yonkers
Laying the lllame.
"I want to complain of the flour you
sent me the other day," said Mrs,
"What was the matter with It,
iua'ani7" asked the grocer.
"It was tough. My husband simply
wouldn't eat the biscuits I made with
That New Hat.
The picture of Innocencel That's bow
But there was a price on her head.
All the people could see it "3.75,
Reduced from (0," It said.
Never judge a man's dishonesty by
his political affiliations,