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About Bohemia nugget. (Cottage Grove, Or.) 1899-1907 | View Entire Issue (July 19, 1905)
KEEP OUT COOLIES
.resident Roosevelt Gives Pledge
to Labor Lenders.
EXPLAINS HIS (IIIMSh ORDERS
'f tills President Oomprrs How Ho
Stands mid Wli.it the Diplo
limit Must Obnervn.
Oyster Hay, .Inly LI. I linn irut ion
In the Cniti'il Slates anil i t h rclntinu in
I In- luliur problem formed 1 1 h u t j- t of
II i- i ti f r 1 1 1 IhlN nflci ikmpii between
Dim I r m i . 1 i i t- ami two of the import
ant leaders of oigiiui.cil luliur Samuel
itn r m , nf WitM 1 1 1 n hi , nml .lames
Duncan, of luiliey, Mmmn., respectively
the rH i c 1 1 1 1 1 mnl mm of the vice-
ri?i Ifii t h of tlm American i'cdcnition
of I .ii I r .
Tim conference won devoted pnrticu
laily to ii consideration of tln order re
cently Issued ly the president regard
ing 1 1 in 1 1 f i t c 1 1 1 i 1 1 of the Chinese
exclusion law. An i in r-HH ii hi has
been gained liy mitiiy members of liilmi
orgiuii.iilions lliitt the order, In mi ex
tent, lit lellMt, let (low II lint illillligra-
timi burs, ho fur iim Chinese arc con
cerned. The president assured It i m cull
ers, however, that tin such eonstiuc
tioll properly enilli! lie placed on the
order, and t hat he was just iim vigor
ously opposed to the admission to thin
country of Chinese coolies iin they
Mr. Gompcrs urged upon the prcsi
cli' the desirability of mi intelligent,
practical hihI hiiiniine consideration of
the general question of iinliilKrittioii hy
the people and hy congress. The peo
ple of thin country ami of the whole
civilixcd world itre entitled, lie main
tained, to such a consideration.
GOVERNMENT CLOSES CASE.
Defense In Land Fraud Trials Will
Not Take Much Time.
Portland, July 13. After Special
Agent Horace T. Jones had lieen pUced
on the Bland and identified a map con
taining the location of the claims al
JVed to have been obtained hy Wil
liamiton and Gcnnor, a map that was
introduced no that it can lie used for
argument, the government rested its
-ase against Representative William
xon, Dr. Van Gesner and Marion R.
Bigg". This morning the three defend
ants will have their inning.
It ht undersbxsl that the defense will
not p'are many witnesses on the stand.
Judge Bennett stated Tuesday that
there would not he over half a dozen,
and while the counsel for the defense
lias not said that the defendants will
take the stand in their own behalf, it
is expected that they will. Judge
Bennett inlormed Judge Pe Haven just
Ik fore adjournment yesterday afternoon
that he had some motions to make,
mid that lie would present them this
morning. Perhaps one of these mo
tions will tie for dismissal of the
charges. Evidently, District Attorney
Heney is anticipating such a move on
the part of the defense, and lie will un
doubtedly have a list of authorities on
hand in case such a move is made hy
counsel for the defense.
ADD TO ARMY BUILDINGS.
War Department Allots Money for
New Buildings in Northwest.
Washington, July 13. Announce
ment was made at the War department
today of allotments of funds for liar
racks and quarters at army posts dur
ing the present fiscal year. Continu
ing the policy of gradual reconst ruc
tion nt Vancouver hnrracks, provision
lias heenmude for the erection of one
lonble-set of captains' quarters, two
double-seta of lieutenants' quarters and
two douhle hnrracks.
At Fort Wright, near Spokane,
Wash., the jiost will he enlarged to
Hccnmmodate eight companies of in
fantry and work this year will include
the addition of one set of field ofliceis'
quarters, one douhle-set of captains'
-quarters, one eight-set of hachelors'
oflicerH' quarters mnl two douhle bar
racks. Whole East Sweltering.
Washington, July 13. Hot weather
prevails over the greater portion of
the United States, according to reports
received at the Weather Bureau to
night. Apparently, there Is no imme
diate relief in sight, except through the
local thunder storms in several scat
tered sections. Throughout, the West
report 8 indicate increasing hot weather.
The humidity is high all over the At
lantic coast from Now lOngland to Flor
ida, and the prospect is that it will
continue so two or three days, with
northeast to south w inds.
Fight Us with Cartoons.
Victoria, 11. C, July 13. Mail uk
vices from Hongkong tell of a novel
plan of campaign adopted hy Chinese
in South China to further the boycott
movement against Unitd States mer
chandise. Wealthy Chinese of Tekhoi,
in Sunning district, have imported
thousands of Japanese fans, on one
Hide of which they print rough sketches
of Americans roughly treating Chinese,
and on the ot her side sketches of buffa
loes being beaten and ill used.
Six Dead In Philadelphia.
Philadelphia, July 13. Six deaths
and more than a score of prostrations
due to the high temperature of the last
five days, were reported in this city
today by the police.
GAINS MORE EVIDENCE.
Government Gots Facts in Williamson-Gosner-Qigfls
Port hind, July What, promised
for a few minutes to have been a sensa
tion in (he Williamson-Genlicr-BlggS
trial yesterday afternoon before Judge
lie Haven, dwindled into nn emphatic
statement that Dr. (iesner had a verbal
agreement with nt leant one witness.
From the opening hour of the morning
session until just it few minutes be
fore adjourning, the trial droned along,
with witness after witness adding link
after link tn the chain of .evidence that
I he government is foiging around the
I hree defendants.
During his cross-examination, Henry
Hudson, no relation, by the way, to
the famous explorer, had furnished the
comedy scene that was tossed into the
day's proceedings, and iU was lieu F.
Jones, a retired cattle and horseman,
that furnished the mild sensation.
Jofres had told on the witness stand
how he and his wifucanio to take up
timber claims. He stated that he had
done this at the request of Dr. Van
(iesner, that Dr. (iesuer had furnished
t he money and that he had proved up
on his claim, and that his wife had re
linquished hers. His testimony was in
line with the ten other w it iicshcm that
had been examined. He was a bit
more sure about certain events that
'iad occurred before and after he had
taken up his cUim. He was turned
over to Judge Helmet for cross-examination,
and because the defense thought
that Jones, having been a cattleman,
had been mixed up in the tight against
the sheepmen and asked him if he had
ever shot any sheep, that the incident
POLICE PREFECT SHOT.
Assassin Fires Five Poisoned Bullets
t Count Shuvaloff.
Moscow, July 12. Major (ieneral
Count Shuvfloff, prefect of jiolice
here, and formerly attached to the
ministry of the interior, was assassin
ated this morning while receiving peti
tions. One of the petitioners drew a
revolver and fired five times at the
prefect, who fell dead.
The assassin was arrested. He was
uresseu as a peasant, and nan not ueen
identified. He was recently arrested
as a political suspect, but escaped from
the police station before his examina
tion. The assassin waited in the anteroom
of the prefecture until the other peti
tioners had been received, and then,
entering the audience room, he ad
vanced toward Count Shuvaloff at his
desk, firing live shots at close range.
The burets panned through the body
of the prefect.
Count Shuvaloff owes his death to
his custom of freely granting audiences
and receiving petitions from all classes.
One bullet wounded the count in the
pericardium, another pierced his ab
domen, a third struck him in the arm,
and the fourth in the shoulder, while
the fifth bullet of the assassin struck
the leg of a woman who was standing
near. Accoiding to the physicians, the
bullets were poisoned. The victim
speedily lost consciousness and never
A great crowd gathered in front of
the house of Count Shuvaloff, and
made a determined show of its indig
nation and sorrow at the assassination
of the prefect, who was very iKipular.
Grand Duchess Elizabeth, widow of
Grand Duke Sergius (assassii.ated in
Moscow February 17) attended the first
requiem for Count Shuvaloff tonight.
Strategic Point is Taknn.
Tokio, July 12. The Navy depart
ment has received the following report
from Admiral Kataoka: "Two cruisers
and four torpedo boats left Korsakovsk
on July 10 with soldiers aboard for the
purpose of landing and occupying Cape
Notoro. After some bombardment the
place was taken. The lighthouse and
buildings were left undestro.red." Cape
Notoro is the most southerly point of
Sakhalin, on La Perouse stmits, direct
ly facing Cape Soya, on tlie Japanese
coast. It commands the straits be
tween the two coasts.
Government Ready to Act.
Chicago, July 12. Hans for the
prosecution of railroad far the grant
ing of rebates to large industrial indi
vidual corporations in violations of in
junctions issued by the Federal courts
here and in Kansas City, have been
completed and the first steps in the at
tack of the government will be made in
Kansas City before the end of this
week. Assistant Attorney General
Purdy, who has charge of the prosecu
tion, left here tonight for Kansas City.
King Christian Objects.
Copenhagen, July 2. It is under
stood that Prince dut ies, of Denmark,
will be willing to accept the crown of
Norway if King Christian and the Dan
ish government content. Some of the
members of the ro'al family are in
favor of his acceptance of the crown,
but King Christian i believed to be
opposed to it. No decision, however,
will bo given out lefore his majesty re
truns from Gniniden, Austria, next
Four Deths by Heat.
New York, Jul !? Although the
temperature was relieved slightly this
afternoon by posing showers, four
deaths and 41 prostrations from the
heat were reputed today in Greater
New York. TVee of the deaths were
in Manhattan and the other in
Brooklyn. Tht highoat temperature of
the day was 80.
Commissioner to Examine Trade
Conditions Affecting Canal.
END PACIFIC MAIL CONTRACTS
Advises Government to Open Panama
Route, Cancel Monopolist Con
tracts and Open Neyv Lines.
Washington, July II. The report of
Joseph L. liristow, who was appointed
a special commissioner to investigate
trade conditions and other matters af
fecting the Panama railroad mnl steam
ship companies, was made public to
day. The report discusses from several
points of view the question of what
policy should be pursued by the gov
ernment in the management of the rail
road, and makes a number of import
ant recommendations. Among these
are the continuance of the railroad as a
commercial line, with improved facili
ties for handling commerce, including
double tracking and re-eqniping the
line with modern lolling stock; the
enlargement of its port facilities, the
retention of the steamship line between
New York and Colon, the cancellation
of the contracts with the Pacific Mail
Steamship company arid the South
American lines, ami the opening of the
ports of Colon and Panama to all steam
ship lines on equal terms; and in cer
tain contingencies the establishment by
the railroad of steamship lines between
Colon and Gulf ports and Panama and
important United States Pacific coast
jHirts. It is recommended that in traf
fic connections American steamship
lines lie favored as far as consistent
with the treaty obligations of the
Mr. liristow spent several' months in
his investigation, visiting the Isthmus
of Panama, important ports on the
western coast of Central America, the
Isthmus of Tehuantepec, Mexico and
the Pacific coast of the United States.
His report reviews the entire history of
the railroad and discusses allegations
that its local freight and passenger
charges were excessive and its traffic
contracts with steamship lines monopo
listic. NEW TRIAL ASKED.
Judge De Haven Listens to Mitchell's
Attorneys in Land Case.
Portland, July 11. Whether or not
Senator Mitchell will have a new trial
without apjieal to the higher courte of
the United States now rests with Judge
De Haven. Yesterday morning, and
for a part of the afternoon, the court
listened to the arguments of ex-Senator
Thurston, Judge Bennett and of Mr.
Heney, contending for and against the
motion entered in behalf ot the defend
ant. At the conclusion of Judge Bennett's
argument the court announced that he
would take the matter under advise
ment and would decide upon it at his
leisure, as soon as it might be.
J. N. Williamson felt the first direct
breath of the government's case against
him yesterday afternoon, when John
8. Wat kins testified in the Federal
court that lie had met the congress
man in the woods near Prineville, and
that Williamson had taken his day
book from him and entered in it the
descriptions of the land he desired him
and his wife and brother-in-law to
tile upon under an implied contract to
deliver the claims to the firm as soon
as patented. The witness further teg
titled to his tacit contract with the
firm of Williamson & Gesner, and to
his intention to pay for the filing fees
and other expenses incident to secur
ing the claim out of his own money, in
order that he migh thus avoid illegal
ity and keep himself clear of the law.
It was the first tightening of the web
which the prosecution promises to
weave around the three defendants.
The rest of the session of the after
noon, delayed as it was by the argu
ment upon the Mitchell motion for a
new trial, followed the lines shown by
the witnesses of the preceding days.
More Teamsters Will Strike.
Chicago, July 11. Five hundred ad
ditional teamsters will go on strike
Wednesday morning if the Chicago
Cartage company, organized by the city
express companies, attempts today to
deliver goods to the boycotted houses
with nonunion men. This was decided
last night at a meeting of the Team
sters' Joint council, after the Depart
ment Store Drivers union had threat
ened to abandon the strike unless the
united drivers employed by the city ex
press companies quit work if their em
ployers attempt to work nonunion men.
Dynamite Wrecks Joints.
Iola, Kan., July 11. Three saloons
in West street were wrecked with dy
namite early today. Much damage
wan ilone to other business nronertv in
the vicinity, and the loss is conserva
tively estimated at $100,000. J. 10.
Thorpe, the owner of one of the sa
loons, was injured but not seriously.
The dynamite was exploded apparent
ly by some temperance reformer. No
arrests have been made. The mayor
has offered a reward.
Japanese Spread the News.
Sipinghai, Manchuria, July 11. The
news of the mutiny in the Black sea
reached the Russian army through the
Japanese, who fired night shells charg
ed with proclamations conveying the
Information into the Russian advanced
posts, scattering the proclamations.
SAKHALIN A POWERFUL LEVER
Japan Now Given Opportunity to In
crease Her Demands on Russia.
St. Petersburg, July 11. With the
Japanese flag hoisted for the first time
on Russian soil after 18 months of war,
the importance of the landing on the
island of Sakhalin is generally admit
ted both in newspaper comment and in
government circles. Complete occupa
tion of the island is regarded as a fore
The N'ovoe Vrernya voices the general
sentiment in holding tba control of
Sakhalin puts a powerful lever in the
possession of Japanese diplomacy,
which finally has something tangible
in its hands to throw upon the scales
with the sword in the coming confer
ence. There is a divergence of opinion with
regard to the effect it will have upon
the negotiations at Washington, some
of the irrcconci bibles declaring that
it makes peace at the present juncture
more impossible than before, as Japan
w ill lie able to demand the cession of
the islands and a heavy indemnity as
well, at which terms peace will be too
costly, but the more prevalent view is
that Japan has now in her hands
enough trumps to take the game.
The attack on the island certainly
dissipates one of the hopes of the peace
a Ivocates, w ho have been suggesting
that its voluntary cession might be an
offset with Port Arthur and the Clii
I'cse railway against the payment of a
large part or all of a monetary indem
nity. No further report of the landing
operations has been received.
CHINA ASKS REPRESENTATION.
Japan Will Oppose Appearance at
Washington, July 11. China's re
qudest to be represented in the Wash
ington conference, on the ground that
she is vitally interested in its proceed
ings, has been received by the presi
dent and informally transmitted to the
belligerents. Whether the president
has received the formal replies cannot
be learned, but it can be stated that,
while Russia is inclined to favor the
suggestion, Japan will not consent to it.
Japan has already made public her
assurance that Manchuria is to be re
stored to China. That is one of the
principles for which she says she has
been fighting. Japan regards herself
as fully capable of executing this prom
ise without the assistance of China, and
in view of China's inability before the
war to cope with Russia in Manchuria,
the Japanese government is unable to
see what possible service a Chinese rep
resentative would be in the Washing
Moreover, the Japanese have all
along taken the position that when
peace negotiations were begun they
would be conducted directly with Kus
sia. It is altogether unlikely that the
Washington government will press the
claim of China, and the official view
here fails to sympathize with the idea.
REVOLT IN ARMY.
Officers Sentenced to Death and Cos
sacks Routed by Rebels.
Vienna, July 11. Dispatches re
ceived here from St. Petersburg state
that 24 officers of the Russian army
have been courtniartialed and sentenced
to be shot within the last few days for
refusing to obey orders to proceed to
Manchuria. They set up in their de
fense that other officers who possessed
of private fortunes had succeeded in
evading tile orders to go to the front by
bribing the officers of the general staff,
whose duty it was to make the assign
ment of officers to proceed to the front.
A Lithunian regiment refused to
carrj out an order given by a brigade
commander, and a detachment of Cos
sacks was detailed to place the revolt
ers under arrest. When the mounted
troops tried it they were fired on by
the I.ithuniands and a sanguinary en
counter followed, which resulted in
200 Cossacks being killed or wounded.
The revolters were finally placed under
arrest in barracks.
Fast Train Hits a Freight.
Greencastle, Ind., July 11. While
running at the rate of t0 miles an hour
this evening the east-bound New Y'ork
fast mail train of the Big Four "side
swiped" the west-bound freight No.
09. which was pulling into a siding at
Oakall, five miles west of here. Fire
man Tippy, aged 40, of Indian
apolis, was fatally injured, and Fire
man A. M. Carner, of Mattoon, 111.,
seriously injured. Trainmaster Cos
ten, of Terre Haute, who visited the
wreck, said tonight he was at present
unable to fix the responsibility.
Torn in Fragments.
Ilarrisburg, Ta., July 11. Eight
men were blown to pieces and two
others were injuieil by the premature
explosion of a big blast of rock powder
on the Pennsylvania railroad improve
ments near New Cumberland at 7:30
o'clock this morning. The accident oc
curred directly across the Susquehanna
river from the scene of the Pennsyl
vania railroad accident May 11, in
w hich 23 persons were killed and many
End Gambl'ng in Mexico.
Mexico City, July 11. It is stated
that no more gambling licenses will be
issued after August 1, when all exist
ing licenses expire. Governor Tands,
of the Federal district, announcs that
he is determined to extirpate gambling
in this city.
IN THE "DISTIIRESSFUL COUNTRY."
v m.t ' j at, rf 4 v 7w;J-f
AN IRISH ISLAND BATTLE.
An eviction battle recalling the stormiest days of the Irish Land Agita
tion recently took place between 200 picked men of the Royal Irish Con
stabulary and the entire population of Dursey Island, a bleak speck In the
Atlantic sixteen miles from Castletown Rerehaven, County Cork. The two
hundred policemen were sent to evict Daniel Healy, an aged peasant. They
only did so after a desperate encounter with the other occupants of the
Island some thirty-five families who met them on landing with a fusillade
of stones, and then fought a hand-to-hand conflict in which fixed bayonets
and the butt-ends of rifles were freely used.
NAPOLEON OF CUBA.
STIRRING CAREER OF THE LATE
GEN. MAXIMO GOMEZ.
Patriot VhoM Wonderful Oenlna and
Finished Statesmanship Made Cuba
Libra Possible Born in Ban to Do
mlngo and of Spanish Descent,
The recent death In Havana of Gen.
Maximo Gomes removed one of the
most picturesque figures that has ever
apyaared upon the pages of Cuba's
thrilling history. In the smaller sphere
to which fate confined him, Gomez
showed the great qualities that place
his name fitly with those of Washing
ton and Bolivar. It was not only In
the field that he won the title of the
Liberator of Cuba, but especially In
the troubled times following the inter
vention of the United States, when his
disinterestedness and statesmanship
helped to bring about a settlement
Though Santo Domingo holds bis
birthplace. Gomez's life was given to
Cuba and was spent on the Island, ex-
OEX. MAXIMO GOMEZ.
cept In long Intervals of enforced exile.
Free Cuba can honor him as her own
with better right thtm Uruguay does
Garibaldi or Americans do La ay
ette and Steuben. When time has
given her a history and the slanders
of selfish politicians are forgotten tne
L'reatness and Integrity or .Maximo
Gomez will make Cuba proud of her
(iomez. commander-in-chief of tne
Cuban army during the war for llb-
rtv acainst Spain, who won for him
self the name of the "Cuban Napol
eon," was K2 years old. He was born
In Santo Domingo and was of good
Spanish descent. As a young man he
ntered the Spanish army, being grant
d the commission of a lieutenant, but
when his family emigrated to Cuba ho
withdrew from the service of Spain
and gave himself heart and soul to the
mse of Culm Libre. His home for
many years was near Santiago.
It was In ISCiS that he joined the
p.itrlot army, and his ability and in
trepidity earned him rapid promotion.
1 Hiring the revolution of that time lie
heat the Spaniards at the battles of
Jlguana and llolgulu and made the
name of Gomez one to be feared. In
If.Tl' Gen. Agrainonts, men eonimami-
er-ln-chief of the Cuban army, pro
moted Gomez to a brigadier general
ship, and after that the Spanish sol
diers called him "The Terror." H-
had only a small, badly equipped force
of half-naked siddlers, who fought
with poor weapons, but he captured
Nuevltas, Santa Cruz and Cascorra
and fought the battle of Las Guasl
nias against overwhelming odds.
In 1ST t he Invaded the province of
Santa Clara, driving the Spanish
forces before him, defeating Gen.
Jovellar In several small engagements,
and was made a major general. When
the revolution died out in 1S78 and the
s 'A fV
treaty of Zanjon was signed Gomez
was proscribed. He escaped to Ja
maica and lived a farmer's life there
until the recrudescence of the rebellion
in 1805 under Jose Marti.
He landed in Cuba April 14, 1895,
was balled by the Cubans with wild
enthusiasm and was made commander-in-chief.
His ability and energy
and his genius for accomplishing re
sults without fighting pitched battle
spread the revolution until the whole
Island was involved. His military
tactics caused him to be criticised and
sneered at by the Spaniards, and even
some of his own officers, but he was
adored by the rank and file and by
the Cuban people, who looked to him
to secure the liberation of the island.
Time after time he used his Spanish.
Time after time he used his
tactics with success against large
Spanish armies, outflanking the over
confident enemy, falling unexpectedly
on their rear and turning apparent de
feat Into victory.
Terhaps his most remarkable
achievement was at the battle of Sar
atoga, where he'haatlly gathered 500
men to meet the advancing columns
of Gen. Castellanos. With his little
force of 500 and odd he met, defeated
and drove back the 2,000 Spanish
troops under Castellanos In spite of
the artillery and unlimited ammuni
tion his foes had. The fight lasted
four days. Gomez lost 65 killed and
Gomez was very proud of the repu
tation he had gained of having never
lost a battle. His personal bravery
had a wonderful effect on the raw re
cruits of which the greater part of his
forces was made up during the first
part of the last revolution. It Is said
that no man ever flinched, no matter
how thick the bullets flew, while
Gomez's eye was on him.
Gen. Gomez was a small man, about
5 feet 6 Inches tall, and slenderly
built. During the last years of his
life he suffered greatly from a wouni
he received In the right leg. He had
keen, penetrating eyes and a restless,
wary look. He had the friendliest
possible feeling for the United States.
He was sorely disappointed when af
ter he had scored important successes
against the Spaniards the United
States refused to recognize the bellig
erency of Cuba. But when this coun
try lent a hand Gen. Gomez did all in
his power to secure the friendliest re
lations. He enjoyed perhaps more than any
other Cuban leader the love and con
fidence of the Cuban people. His last
visit to the United States was In the
spring of 1003. when he visited the St
An Anecdote of Gorky.
Anecdotes of Maxim Gorky are on
the whig. Here is one they tell in
Purls. He went to the theater at Mos
cow one evening to see a play by a
popular writer. Instead of paying at
tention to the stage, the entire audi
ence rose and greeted Gorky with pro
digious acclamation. Then he deliver
ed this address: "What on earth are
you staring at me for? I am not a
dancing girl, nor the Venus of Mllo,
nor a drunkard, just picked out of the
river! 1 write stories; they have the
luck to please you, and I am glad of
It. But that Is no reason why you
should keep on staring. We have come
here to see a ('harming play. Be good
enough to attend to that, and leave
me alone." More delighted than ever,
the audience shouted with Joy. Per
haps they thought they would get an
other sp'-'ei'h, but Gorky jumped out of
lit seat and left the theater In dis
gust. Advise an old man that he ought to
have a good time In life, and you ara
stumped when be answers, "How?"
T:e real critic is the woman with a
"voice," when she hears another worn