Image provided by: University of Oregon Libraries; Eugene, OR
About Bohemia nugget. (Cottage Grove, Or.) 1899-1907 | View Entire Issue (Oct. 5, 1904)
In riven t yenrs tlio growing frc(iiiMii-y n ml persistence of ntrlkeit ns
n nioiinn of clarifying Uin Industrial atmosphere have forced themselves upon
tho ii t (in I ton of those who, although nut ncllvo pn rtlcljuiiil In such cxpi
llcnts, share III nil the mult of liuliintrlnl n k1 ( n 1 1 on. Tim mngnltuilii of
soimi r cor Ml strikes linn ilnno much to i'iiiphnnlr.o the dnninKo l'iio to bunl
ncnn mill tint Interest which tlio Kniornl imlillo renlly linn In tlin actum of
lii'liiK n llilnl mill lniiiirtliil party. In lint Inst few yenrn conciliation n nil
iirlillriitlon luivn conic forward nn remedlen for nlrlki-x. In tlio Unlli-d Htntcn
strikes luivn never liccn Illegal unless nceiiinpiinled by violence, tint In Uuropo
llii'y with iiiiIII recent yenrn prohibited by Inw.
Among llic grrnt lnlior iiplicn viiIh In till country ono of llt moot historic
In tlio strike In IH77 on llm IViinsylvmilii Itillroml, In whlcli much ilmiinKO
wmi itoiio mill troops with cn lied out. In INW tlio toli-Knipli operators were
railed out, mill the entire American telegraphic system wan tied up, Tb
f union Homestead strike nt llm Carnegie works In IMl- wim tlio most bitter
1 1 ill 1 1 nl rlu I I'onllU't In American history mill Involviil n nmigulnnry linttlo bo
twecn private dcli-cllvcs nml unionists. In wlilcli many were kllli-d nnd
wounded. Tlio un'Uiiiinhlo (.iileiigo slrlko of 1M1I originated In nil effort of
tint newly-organized American llnllwny Union to olilulu favorable terms for
tlio striking employes of tlio I'ullniiin cur works. There were street rnllwny
strike In Mcveral larKc cities In 1IKM), nnd In tin) following year n great nteol
strike. In IIKTJ the antliriii lle coil strike enmc nearer to producing n fntnliio
In that t-omiiiiHllty than any previous event,
Tlio oilmen of strikes are manifold. Tlio most frequent ratnii', however,
In the wane question. Ill prosperous Union nlrlken are likely to occur on no
vtiutit of ilenialiitn for higher wugc. In tlinen of business depression tliero
linn been uiueli liuliintrlnl troiililu on account of atteinptn to ileorenne wnges.
'J'Jie regulation of working liourn linn nlno furnlnlieil freipient cause for labor
nplienvnln. .Many of the recent nlrlken linve liml their origin In n iletermlnn
tlon of tlio ineiuliern of trades uiilonn In nfllllntn only with fellow mum
hern. Hullo nn frequently n resolution on tlie part of the employer to avoid
llcrlmlimtlon hot ween union and non-union lnlior linn been productive of In
dustrial trouble. Of ntlll Inter origin In the nympntlietle ntrlke, In which tlio
workmen of one trade, convinced of tlio righteousness of tlio ratine .of n Uxly
if striking- workmen of nuotlinr trade, decline to Inbor nt tliclr unuul nvo
ration until Juntlce prevails.
IIOW 10 TIC KNOTS.
First, male n plnln overhand knot
- In Fig. 1. Take the end II, plnco It
over mill under tlio part A, nnd ilrnvr
the cuiln lightly; then It will appear nn
In Fig. 2. If you place tlio ends In tlio
other direction they will innko whnt
sailors call n "cranny knot," n term of
ridicule lined of one who tlrn tlio knot
tliun tliroliKli mlntnke. Tlio square
knot cnu be ennlly undone. If yon
want n knot Hint will not nllp In doing
x niiiiAUK on nrrn khot.
lip liundlrn with twine, tnko another
turn, nn In Fig. .1.
Ijiy the pnrtn together nn In Fig. 4.
Then curl the part A over B, bringing
tlio end up through the loop nn In Hi;,
fi. Now enrry II around and under A,
panning It down through the loop nn In
Fig. tl. Tlih knot will not nllp. A limn
onn nit In 0 mid bo holnteil to nny
height In nnfety. Thin In tlio kind of il
knot to make If you wnnt to lend an
ix or a home by n halter, an It will not
nllp nud choke the anliual. Thin In
really the inn.it Important knot that In
made. It In handy In innkliik font a
boat's painter mid In tying tlnh Illicit
ii I id nlnkern.
NtWSUOYS 01 JAPAN.
The newsboys of Japan have been
reaping n harvent during tlio hint nix
montlin, The iieoplo of Japan are ureal
rendern, and, benlden, they are exceed
IliKly patriotic mid Intensely Interested
In tlio war with Kunnln.
A Japanese newnpaper generally linn
ino IiIk Innuo III the uiorulne, coutnln
liiK Hewn, cartoonn and ndvertlno
iiientu, about like our papers. Then
after that extrnn aro printed nil day
Iouk, and nometlmoH up to uildiilKlit.
Tlio extras ar,n printed on little, slips
of pnper Junt larK" enough to contain
tlio Item which In the cause of tlio ex
tra. These little handbills aro printed
only on ono sldo of tlio paper, nnd
sometimes nn extra consists of no
tnoro than twenty or thirty words.
Then next day each pnper prints In Ita
reKUlar edition nil the dispatches print
ed In the llttlo extras of tlio dny be
fore, with tlio hour nud niluuto of pub-
iir.itALDiNu x vicTonr.
llcntlon, and thus they keep tally ou
All day Ions crowds of men nnd
lioys wait In front of tlio nowspaper
olllccs to got tlio oxtniB, Thoy wear
very llttlo clothing Just n short Ul
niofln nnd trousers that look Ilko loose
HWlnimliiK trunks. ICach ono has n
dash of cotton cloth tied nrouud his
vnlst, nud to this nro linottcd Ihreo,
four nud sometimes six mid seven or
dinary dinner bells. Tlio bells linnr on
t " I .
Ketn n hunch of pxtrnn he ntnrtn off on
n ilcnd run down tlio mldillo of tlio
ntrcet. Tlio belln make n terrlblo chit
tor and the people ninh out to buy tlio
wnr nown, for they know thnt tlio
belln ineiiun n frenli war extra.
Tlio extrnn go Ilko hot rnken, nnd
the boyn get nil tlio wny from live rln
(which In nlmut a quarter of n cent
of our money) to flvo neu (or two and
n half renin) for thorn. The belln nave
the boyn tlio trouble of crying their
papers, nnd, benlden, notify everybody
x nowLinit knot.
nt onro thnt there Is nonio bis wnr
news on nnlo.
MOULTON MADE QRANO MASTER
ClitcnKonii Olvcti llluhrnt Honor by
rienernl (leorRe M. Moulton, com
innndcr of the Kecond Illinois Volun
teer Infantry dtirliiK the Spnnlsh
Ainerlcnn wnr. brli;nde roinnuinder of
the Illinois National lluard nnd a
(1K.1K11AI. UKUIK1K 11. 1IUL1.TO.V.
member of tlio St. Ilernard Command
ery. K. T Chicago's famous com
uinndery, ws elected (Irand Master
of tlio KnlRhts Templar of America
nt the conclave In Kan Francisco.
Snratojrn, N. Y was selected as the
next place to hold the grand encamp
ment, which will take plnco In 1007.
Tho Dreaded Arllnt.
Tlio thought of possible cartoons
cannot well bo. nbseut from tho uiliids
of men whom nil the world knows.
Ii. A. Tollemaclie, tho niitlior of
"T'nllts with Mr. (llndstone," tells
pot In tho book n dtory whlcli pre
sents the stattvimmi In mi nttltudo not
fninlllnr In ordlnnry representations of
tlio great man,
Ono stormy dny during ono of Mr.
Oliidstono's visits "to lllnrrltz ho
walked from his hotel to call on Mr.
Tollemncho, who wns ninazed to boo
thnt Mr. (llndstouo enmo without nn
Mr. Glndstono lauKhlngly explained
that If Uio high wind hud happened
to turn Ids umbrelln Inside out, n pic
ture of him In that forlorn plight
would liavo found Its way Into half
tlio comic pnpers of Europe.
A Wnninn Would Ante
"TTore'n nn nd 111 ills nnner nlinnt
dnt dorf ycr slolo," Bald tho first tough,
"nn it says -iiownru u reiurncu nn'
no questions naked,"'
'N'o micstlons asked?'" rcnllert Ihu
other tough. "Dnt can't bo ills dog; I
slolo ins nog irom n woman." unw
olle Slnudnrd nnd Times.
All tho world's n stage aud all tho
women Insist ou huvlug Bncuklm
At n recent Hireling of tho Cnmern
Club In Loudon, Dr. H. (Jrucn de
nerlbed Ills new Unlit lens, ilenlgni-d
opeclnlly for milking photiigrnphn
with nliort exponuren In ordlnnry night
llluinliintloii. Fluid leimon were orlg
Innlly employed to ovfreomo the dllll
ulty of eliroinntle nberrnlloii before
tho combination of Hint nud crown
Klas wns Invented. Dr. (irucii em
ploys them for tholr "photographic ra
pidity." They alio possess extraordin
ary depth of focus. (!ood results were
obtained with snap shots In various
I healers with the ordlnnry stage Illu
mination, and eteu kliieinatogrnph pic
tures of ntago nrenes were inndo with
out special lighting. It Is hoped that
lennen of thin description will greatly
widen tho Held of photogmphy.
According to a writer In Mines nnd
Minerals, there nro In use In sumo
dep mines wlro ropen, or entiles, only
a few Inches in diameter and a in lie
long, on the cuds of which hang
buckets, or platforms, by which miners
nro let down Into or hoisted from tint
bowels of tint eiirlh with n speed
greater than thnt of the nverngo rail
road train, In many canen these long
cables form the only means of commu
nication between the bottom of the
mine and the surface of the earth. In
some nines-the weight of the cnblo
greatly exceeds that of the material
to be rnrrled, nnd the problem of malt
ing It nulllclently flexible t be wound
ou drums requires the highest skill for
Its solution. Ixing cables nro inndo
tupertng, so thnt the cross section In
creases with the amount wound off.
The recent (Jerninn Mouth I'olar ex
pedition added much to our knowledgo
of the antarctic continent. It showed
Hint the westerly shore of thnt mys
terious land descends steeply Into a
deep sen, nnd thnt It In occupied by n
vokmilc formation. Tho Inland Ice
covering tho continent Is regnrded as
without doubt tlie most extensive gla
cial nrea now In existence, on tho
earth. It presents a picture of tho Ico
nge which once prevailed In northern
America nnd Kurope. Evidence was
found thnt In former times tho nntnrc-
tic Ire extended even farther than It
does to-day. Iirge marl no mammals
mid flocks of rare birds were found
frequenting the ronnln, and Herman
scientific enthusiasm found gratifica
tion In tho study even of the micro
scopic bacteria dwelling In thnt far
The earnentneM with which tho
problem of mechanical flight Is bclug
attacked Is nttested by tlio elnborato
equipment of tho "laboratory of nero
dynainlcs" recently erected at tho
Catholic University of America. Among
tho apparatus Is a woodon tunnel
fifty feet long with n crosn-nectlon of
nix square feet. In vyhlch a wind of
any desired npeed can be generated
by means of a suction-fan placed at
ono 'end of the tunnel. In the wind
current thus develoied nro plnced ob
jects of n great vnrlety of kinds nnd
nhnpen, wluwo resistances, lift, drift,
surface friction, etc., aro to be deter
mined. A pressure gauge that can b
read to lens than one ten-millionth of
nn atmosphere Is uned to determine
the pressure at all points In tho stream
of air. Tlie objoct U to furnish trust
worthy data for calculations In aero
PLAN TO EXCHANGE BABIES.
ClenrlnB-Houna r Which Different
Nationalities Are Traded.
Ono of the curious things run across
In Kuropo In tho scheme of a French
man named Mlchncl Ureal, broached as
long ngo ns 18Sd, and which Is being
ngnln taken up.
It consist of a wholennlo exchange,
n swapping of children from ono fain-
II) to another.
Hero Is n rnrislnn fnther In modest
estate, with n son. This man has an
ambition thnt hi child shall have n
thorough knowledge of German. Tho
proper thing would be to plnco the
child In some German family for a
while. Hut tho difficulty for the father
s to discover Junt tho right sort of
family ono who would receive tho
child, and, nbovo nil, ono who hud n
child to swap. The l'nrlslnn father
would bo spending no extra money In
housing tho German child nnd teach
ing It French, while his own wns cnt
lug nt n German tnble. Meanwhile
two nations were understanding each
other better. It was n splendid scheme,
If only It could bo carried out.
What was needed was n baby bro
ker, as It were, an exchange, n clenr
Ing house for children, an agency to
keep tnb of families willing to swnp
children nnd to engineer tho swap, A
man nnmed Tonl Mnthleu enw tho
chance, nnd Improved it during the va
cation period last yenr. lie had pre
judices to overcome. After a deal of
letter writing ho won the Indispensa
ble, not to say tnovltablo, sanction of
college, professors, of great authors,
prominent lawyers nnd members of
Parliament. Ho even succeeded in
placing .nn order for flvo children on
trial. Ho devoted a whole year to
booming tho enterprise. And It was
lionrt-brenklug work, Ho would win
tho approval of n rot of English or
German or Scandinavian families, only
to flud In Ids own land no readiness to
trndo. And yet, In spite of every
thing, ho hns succeeded In n measure.
Tbo scheme. Is working and Mr. Mn
thleu has dccldexl to found n society
nnd push tlio Idea for all It Is worth.
An elnborato system of correspond
ence has been drawn up nlready. Thoro
Is a precautionary exchange of photo
graphs first nnd n severe cross-examination
of nil concerned. Tho closing
detail of tho railroad Journoy, under
suitable, escorts In tho caso of girls,
nro easily looked after by tho ex
change. CANADA'8 OLDEST HOUSE.
Structure Wns lCrected Three Cen
turies Aso-Of Historic Interest.
What changes nro suggested by tho
Item of nows from Montreal printed
Inst week, stating that tho oldest build
ing In Canada, n dwelling houso In
I.ongueiill, opposlto Montreal, had
been burned, and adding that tho
Btructuro was vrccteil threo centuries
ngo, "and thcro Is somo evidence that
It nnli'dnlen thin period by nt lenst
fifty yenrn!" Leaving out tho extra
half century, which almost certainly
Is iliiit to local pride nnd not to history,
tho houso was old enough, for Its ex
istence covered practically the link
ing, not only of Cniiadn, but the Unit
ed Htnles, with the exception of Flori
da, say tho Toronto Mall and Ex
press, When the houso was built Canada
wan jouug. Carller nnd lloberval had
explored It somewhat mid had gnuo up
the Kt. Lawrence to Ilochelnga, where
Montreal In now, but had miido no per
manent settlements. In 1('I Cham
plain planted the llrst colony In Arca
dia, and in 1G08 founded Quebec. It Is
said that the old house was built some
years before the fortification nt Iin
gueull, which were erected In 1(112 to
protect tho Infant settlement nt Mon
treal. If no, It wns Indeed nn outpost
of civilization. Hlnco It wan built tho
new world has grown up, the colonics
once divided by Franco nnd England
have been united under Ilrltlsh rule,
and ngnln have separated Into the Do
minion of Cntindn nml the United
Ktates of America; the rent of the
world has undergone changes as grcut
From Its windows wnlchers could
linvo seen attacks by Indians perhaps
the house Itself wns nt times n fort
nnd echoed to wnr whoops could have
seen excursions by French and Indi
ans ngiilust tho colonics to the south
and Incursions of English from those
settlements; could hnvo wntched tho
Ungllsh succeed tho French ns mns
tern of New Franco; have seen tho
Americans In possession of Montreal.
Not fur to the southwnrd tho Unit
ed Htiites hns come Into being. For
eight-score of yenrs tho house wns on
the frontier, with nn enemy constant
ly near nt hnnd. Then tho enemy be
enme n friend and has stayed so; how
good a friend perhaps those In whoso
possession the house has remained do
not yet know. The building was not
on tho main lino of tratllc, cither actu
ally or theoretically. Most of tlie great
events of North American history hnv
occurred nt n distance from Montreal
nnd Innueul, but through nil the
yearn of lighting nnd of peaeo tlie old
house stood. We In Amerlcn have not
so many old buildings of any sort that
wc can afford to lone even n farm
house that has existed from tho be
ginning of our history.
LIVING RENT FREE IN LONDON.
Unscrupulous Persons Who Take Ad"
?ttiitaicc of the Law's l)la7.
Many people in Eondon make a busi
ness of living rout free. "It 1 almost
Incredible'," said the head of a large
firm of bouse agents the other day,
"tho number of persons who never pay
rent from one year's end to another.
The method Is. cither by bogus ref
erences or by Impressing a sense of
their good fnlth on a house agent, to
obtain tlio lease of a house, most fre
quently over 50 a year In rent, and
when the landlord applies for his rent
to defy him. When he attempts to
eject tbem by legal process they stoy
until tlio very last day tho law allows,
and then clear out bag and baggage.
ond start the same operation elsewhere.
As they always furnish on the hire sys
tem, distraint 1 of no service -to the
"Their object of taking houses of a
rental over 50 Is to got above the Jur
isdiction of the County Court, which
Is mora summary In its method than
tho high court"
To a smaller extent tho delay In
volved In ejectment by County Court
action 1 also taken advantago of by
exploiters of the law' delays, but these
methods aro not so Impudent as that
of "Jumping" a house, which Is some
Not long ago a house owner, on look
ing through his morning paper, ob
served that a man who had been charg
ed with assault was reported to live at
one of his houses, which he had sup
posed to hnve been vncant for twelve
months. On Investigation he found that
it wns occupied by n tenant, who re
fused to clear out
Tho usual legal form had to bo gono
through, nnd It wns a month before the
landlord got possession. Similar cases
hnvo happened where tho "Jumper" has
gone -the length of taking in lodgers, or
oven of selling the house.
Landlords sometimes prefer to buy n
tenant out rather than Invoke legal
process, nnd n quicker procedure for
ejection than the courts allow would bo
welcomed by landlords nnd house
agents. I.ondon Kxprcsa.
Poplar Trace as Lightning Hods.
In Holland the I.ombardy poplar is
often used as n lightning rod, and is
planted near haystacks nnd Isolated
farm houses. This poplnr has tho habit
of growing nenrly vertical, with the
branches In nn upright position; ns soon
as tlio rain fnlls tho water runs ulong
the branches nnd forms nlong the stem
a constant stream of water from the
toil to tho ground. When lightning
strikes in the vicinity, the tree being
the highest object has the best chance
of being hit, and when the lightning
strikes tho treo it find in tho stream
of water which flows down tho stem
a safe conductor towards tlio ground.
Of course the stream goes seldom In a
straight line, nnd at places where tho
limbs Join together tho flow of water
take often another direction. Tho limb
may be doomed, but tho haystack is
Oldost Treo In the World.
It Is said that the oldest treo In tho
world Is a bo treo at Adnuradhapura,
Ceylon, which was planted close to a
Iluddlilst shrlno In 245 II. C, nnd Is
therefore 2,148 years old. Legend lias
It that tills treo sprang from a branch
which severed Itself by miraculous
tinwor from the sacred treo under
which Gautama becamo Buddha, tho
No Sloro than Wijlit.
"I'd Ilko to hnvo your check for that
little midnight aupper I served at your
houso last month," said tho caterer.
"You'll hnvo to wait until I get tho
doctor's bill for curing mo of indiges
tion," replied tho victim, "That comes
off your till!." Philadelphia Tress.
Whon a mother hns nil her work
dono up and sits down to rest, tho baby
discovers It and wakes and cries,
A Jolly good fellow is tho one who
foots tho bill.
OUK BUDGET OF FUN.
HUMOROUS 8AYINQ8 AND DO
ING" HEflE AND THERE.
Jokes and Jokeleta Hint Are Hupposed
to Have llccu Iftrentlr Horn Haylnic
and Dolus:' that Are Old, Curious nud
ka llkiiable The Weck'a lfumor.
Tlie foreign nobleman entered the
old man's prlvnte office.
"Mr. Mlllyuru," he began. "I love
your daughter, and nsk her hand in
"Hem!'' exclaimed old Mlllynnn,
musingly. "What are your lowest
Whr He Vfmm a Blceptlc
"No," snid tlio village landlord, "I
don't believe 111 advertising.
"You don't," cxclnlmcd tho hnrd-
wnre drummer. "Why not!"
"Ilecnunc I advertised for a wlfo In
n matrimonial paper once; that 1
"And failed to get one, eh?"
"No, I got one. That' the trouble."
He The fellah actually thwea.tened
to blow my bwains out!
Hhe Oh. how could he? Of course
ho wasn't serious.
"Johnny Jones Is awful clover. Ho
always finds ant In the Ice cream at
"I don't see anything clever tn that"
"Ye; be say they are In there and
no one will eat IL Then he Inu all
"I know she Is a young wife." whis
pered the matron with the pruno Jar.
'Why so?" asked her friend.
'She actually thinks she can bake
a pudding like the Illustration on the
Ida Are they really so rich?
May I should say so. W-.cn they
slipped several spoons and saucers In
their grips the hotel clerk said it was
merely the souvenir hobby.
Rllan By heck! Yeou can learn to
raise bees by mall these day.
Cyrus Gosh I That' a good way to
raise them. Then you won't get stung.
Ernie Mabel captured a foreign no
bleman at the beach and 1 going to
Eva You don't say. nas ho any
thing In his own name?
Ernie About forty-four letters. He's
a Itusslan duke.
In the Old Barn.
Sally Of course I know Silas loves
me. Why, wo have a flirting system.
When he stamps his boot onco that
means, "I'll meet you at tho cow pen."
When he stamps twice that means,
"I'm your sugar plum."
Molly That must be tho stamp lan
guage I read so much about
Consideration for Mother.
Mnminn Johnny, you havo broken
Johnny Well, don't take off your
slipper, mamma; you might cut your
IIow True I
'It's strange,' remarked the break
fast cynic, "but tho 'young man with
tlie weakest lungs can often blow in
the most money."
'My boy," said tho bonevolent par
son, "I hope you do not hide your light
under a bushel?"
'Light?" echoed tho lad who was
learning to smoko In the barn. "Why,
when I hear dad coming I hido tho
whole cigar under n bushel."
Where the Conlllct liases.
"You weren't always such an early
"No," answered Mr. BHggtnx. "But
out whero I live now you'vo got to
get up early to wake other peoplo
with tho lawn mower Instead of being
disturbed yourself." Washington Star,
Philanthropist But, my dear man.
why do you beg?
Beggar Because I'm ono of thoio
men that must keep busy. Detroit
"IIo's a handsome fellow, isn't be?"
"Yes, but ho knows it,"
"Well, bo does everybody! how can
ho help It?"
'Perhaps bo can't but ho could
help letting anybody else know that be
knew it" Detroit Freo Press,
Waata of Time.
Tho experienced highwayman w
talking about his apprentice.
"I never will learn that fellow any
thing," ho growled. "He hold up
people thnt ain't seen a penny for
"Did he hold up a beggar?" asked
"Worso than thnt He held up a
man coming homo from summer vacation."
Just a Illlnd.
"You young scamp," exclaimed the
lrato merchant "whnt do you mean by
leaning back In my chair, placing your
feot on the desk and smoking a cigar
etto?" "Why, It' fcr your own good, bon,"
exclaimed the office boy. "When your
creditor enme around and catch a
gllmpso of mo dey'll think you are
First Hoarding Mistress I've seen
It figured out that people can llvo on 12
cents a day.
Second Hoarding Mistress Ahl But
you can't get them to do It Brooklyn
Brown Green sent a dollar to a
man who advertised a method for beat
ing tho slot machines.
Hmlth Did ho get tho Information?
Brown Yes. lie received a card on
which wan printed "Keep your money
In your pocket"
Cause and Kflect
"What deprived you of your lib
erty, my good man?" asked the per
son who was doing a llttlo missionary
work behind the bars.
"Takln too much liberty," answered
the prisoner, whoso specialty was pock,
"It Is said," remarked the remarker,
"that Intellectual women seldom make
good mothers. I wonder why?"
"That' eay," replied tho homo
grown philosopher. 'They don't often
get a chance."
Where Experience Counts.
Tlmklns I understand your friend
Eggbcrt ha left the stage.
Hlmklns Yes. He quit the stage to
accept a Job a track walker with some
railway company out West
Doctor So you think you havo In
somnia? Spoiled Darling Sure of it doctor:
I can't sleep after nine o'clock in tho
morning. Detroit Free Press.
Cora What 1 your favorite pet in
the animal world?
'In spite of the Insinuations we
bear," said the patriot "there are men
who leave public office a poor a when
they entered It
"Yes," answered Senator Sorghum,
"nowadays a financier has got to bo a
politician, but It doesn't follow that a
politician 1 a financier." Washington
The Moat Expensive.
"I suppose you have spent a great
deal of money for pictures."
"Heaps of It" answered Mr. Cum
"What Is the most expensive picture
In your collection?"
"Photograph of a titled son-in-law
to put In tho family album." Wash
"The Better the Day," Etc.
The Her. Mr. Goodman I met our
old friend Kwoter on Sunday.
Mrs. Goodman Still as fond as ever
of quoting aphorisms, I suppose.
The Ilov. Mr. Goodman Oh, he's
getting .worse; he abbreviates them
now. He had a string of fish when
I saw him, and when I reproached him
for fishing on the Sabbath ho said:
"The b. tho d., the b. tho d." Phila
"It is getting to be a problem with
me," said tho noisy politician, "how to
keep the wolf from the door."
"Stand on your steps and mako one
of your stump speeches when you seo
him coming." Detroit Free Press.
The Usual Secret
Nell She Intends to bo married
very quietly; In fact. It's a secret
Belle How do you know?
Nell All tho girls are talking about
It Philadelphia Ledger.
Why They Win Battle.
Henry Vlgnaud, the popular secre
tary of tho United States Embassy at
Paris, tells of an amusing incident in
connection with the negotiations be
tween the French Foreign Office and
tbo Japanese Embassy looking to recip
rocal trade concessions. It was de
cided to open to free trndo some three
port in France and a like number in
Japan. The Minister of Foreign Af
fairs of the republic chose Yokohama,
Kobo and Hong-yang. When an oral
communication of tho choice oX the
French was made to the Japanese am
bassador he sold nothing, but mere
ly smiled. During his next call at the
foreign office the Oriental advised the
French that His Majesty' government
bad selected for Japan the threo
French porta of Havre, Marseille and
Southampton. At this the French For
eign Office officials wont into flu of
laughter at the absurd blunder, and
pointed out that Southampton was a
port In Bnglana.
'We were quito aware or the fact,
responded the urbano Jap, "and Hang
yang is in Korea," Woan' Homo
SfcortJ tofies j
Thnt sudden cabinet changes aro apt
to bo contusing to tbo officials of tlin
United State In otlior parts of tlio
world Is evident from a message re
ceived at the Navy Department from
Admiral Yntcs Stirling, of the Aslntlo
squadron. Since Paul Morton of Chi
cago, tho now Secretary of tho Nnry,
was sworn Into ofTlce, some Instruc
tions were sent Admiral Stirling, and,
with the usual brevity of the cnblo
code, were simply signed "Morton,"
tho last namo of tho Secretary, Ad
miral Stirling answered promptly n
follows: "Instructions received! will bo
carried out Who Is Morton? Stirling."
In tho "Uenlltle of Irish Llfo." Ijy
W. S. French, 1 this nnecdoto: "I have
heard n story that upon one occasion
the Bishop of London asked tbo cele
brated actor, Garrlck, If ho could ox
plain how It was that he and his clergy
failed to arrest tho attention of their
audiences, although they preached ev
ery Sunday of the realities of tho world
to como, while ho (Garrlck) filled
crowded house with tlie most rapt
attention, although they know perfect
ly well that all ho was saying was fic
tion. Tho reason la very plnln, my
lord,' replied Garrlck, 'you deal with
facts ns If they were fiction; I deal
with Actions as If they were facts.' "
In Cuba, one night during the El
Cancy affnlr, Gen. Lnwton was watch
ing a lot of his soldiers filo past and
among them ho noticed a burly negro
corporal, a six-footer, who, In addition
to two guns and two full enrtridgo
belts, was carrying a dog. Tho sol
dier to whom the extra gun belonged
was limping alongside hi comrade.
The general halted the overloaded sol
dier. "Look here," ho said: "you
marched all night fought all day, and
are marching again." "Yes, sah," re
sponded the negro. "Then." said Law
ton, "why on earth nro yon carrying
that dog?" "Why, general," said tho
negro, with a grin, "tho dog" tired."
Jay Hambrldge, the artist spent
last summer in a sleepy New England
vlllnge where the older Inhabitants are
opposed to anything modern. There
wa a meeting of the hose company
one night and one of the younger
members announced that there was a
sum of money left In the treasury. Ho
suggested that a chandelier be bought
with It But at this Juncture one of
the old inhabitant slowly arose and
cleared his throat "I'll vote dead agin
any such a fool plan to squander
money," he announced, firmly; "for
what's the use of buyln one of them
dem things when it's likely thcro Isn't
any one in tho hull company that
knows how to play it?"
A Japanese youth, who obtained a.
situation with an English firm on trial,
was asked by the cashier a few day
after his appointment to write to a
customer who had been owing money
to the house for a long time, and who
seemed to have no Intention of paying.
"Write briefly and politely," said tho
cashier, "but let him understand dis
tinctly that we expect the money with
out further delay." The letter waa
written, and on the following day canra
a check for the amount due. The sur
prised cashier asked the new clerk to
show him a copy of the letter which
had been so effectual. It ran thus:
"Dear Sir: It you do not send us at
once the money you owe us, we shall
be obliged to take steps which will
cause you the utmost astonishment.
MUSTANGS ARE DYING OUT.
Hardy Western Ponies Are No Tonger
Numerous on the Frontier.
Everyone who has lived on tho fron
tier, especially In the southwest will
feel a pang of regret at the announce
ment that tho little mustang, or
broncho, Is slowly but surely passing;
away. They were popular with tho
Western pioneers because they wero
hardy, easily kept and cheap. Tenia
once had scarcely any other horses
except mustangs and Choctaw ponies,
but that pioneer ago has passed.
Since the organization of the Texas
State Fair the horses, In common with
all other live stock In Texas, havo
greatly Improved. The fair Itself has
been the principal factor and In
centive to the improvement of Texas
horses. In the earlier years of tho as
sociation the heavier breeds wero
largely exhibited there.
Then the heavy draft horses of the
Clydesdale, Norman and Percherou
tjpes were seen In largo numbers. Of
late years, however, the tendency
seems to be toward the lighter breeds
mostly, such as Cleveland bays and
American trotter. The last-named
breed Is particularly in favor in Texas
It seems that the drain made upon
our country for horses by the Spanish-
American war and the war in tho
Transvaal has caused a dearth of de
sirable animals. The demand for
"family horses" Is unusually good and
the energy of breeders seems to bo
now especially directed to high-bred.
American trotters. It seems that this
class of horses Is paying the breeder
much better at present than any other.
The large-slied trotter Is eliciting
much interest from the farmers as
well as from the town people. Many
fanners are buying them for breeding;
purposes, seeing good money In this
highly popular claB of horses.
Tho sales of those animals are by
no mean confined to Texas buyers
cither. They are being purchased by
horse fanciers in many parts of the
Union for abroad as well as at homo.
Many good sales of saddle and har
ness animals nro being made dally at
With all his enterprise, the Japanese
dislikes to hurry. Firemen going to a
(lro mako tho occasion a ceremonial
affair. With their beautiful uniforms
tho companies march and counter
march nnd dance in leisurely state, no
matter how serious the flro may be,
Borne men enrrylug pall? and ladders.
but more bearing banners, as If iiauie
could bo extinguished by a display of
tlio wearer's hip, mid as soon us ho