Bohemia nugget. (Cottage Grove, Or.) 1899-1907, May 13, 1904, Image 4

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Comments and Criticisms Ilaaed Upon
the Happenings o' the Pay Hletorl
cat and Neva Notes.
Grass widows haven't got the clo
ver market cornered,
President Smith of the Mormons has
to keep family trco by double entry.
It Is not what Joseph Smith says so
much ni what be docs that condemns
Only a woman Is capable of arriv
ing at a conclusion without using
either reason or Judgment
The growing friendship between tho
British lion and the Itusslan bear bodes
no good to tho Chinese dragon.
Perhaps thero Is no reason why
Irish lace should not bo mada In
France, but It sounds distinctly Irish
to put It Uiat way.
Physicians have discovered that au
tomobollsts suffer from motorpathla
ccrebralls. Tliose they run over still
suffer from plain rigor mortis.
Here's a man suing for damages for
a broken nose becauso be no longer
can smell onions! Borne people don't
know when they are well off.
John Mitchell says he has noticed
that In every strike "both sides get
licked." That wouldn't be so bad.
however, If the public didn't havo to
get licked, too.
Aba! now wo know why Uncle Andy
Carnegie has been so eager to give
away his money. It has been dlscov
ered that all money has bacillus sta.
phylococcus on It
The latest French duel appears to
have been more serious tban usual. It
lasted nearly three hours and raised" a
big blister on the sword-hand of one
of the combatants.
The evangelist who has predicted
that the world will come to an end in
1004 needn't be afraid that many of
the people to whom he said It will give
him the laugh when the time comes.
Russia Is said to be entertaining the
Idea of changing the name of Port Ar
thur to something with a Russian
sound about it Thero may be a sort
of. feeling, also, that a new name for
the place might change Its luck.
One of the dictionaries marks as ob
solete the original meaning of the
word "ambition," namely, the act of
going about to solicit or obtain an
office or other desired object The prac
tice continues, although It Is now
called by a different name.
"Means to an end" finds a pictur
esque Illustration In the doings of a
Western Insurance agent whose work
lies largely among farmers. Uo Is ac
companied by a capable farm-hand to
take the place, temporarily, of a farm
er who stops work to listen to seduc
tive talk about life insurance. This Is
policy and It frequently leads to one.
This' Is a great year for the proph
ets, but their various stunts differ so
much one from another that it natur
ally occurs to the lay mind that In
these days of trusts and mergers it
would be wise for them to get togeth
er and decide on a fixed schedule. One
prophet prophesies big things for 1021
and another declares that the end of
the world will come in 1008. These
little discrepancies would bo obviated
by an amicable consolidation. Make
way for the prophets' union and a bas
the prophecy unaccompanied by a
.union card!
, The inconvenience of having too
good a reputation is suggested by a re
cent report of the inspector of poor of
.Glasgow, Scotland. The fame of Glas
gow's reforms and Its many philan
thropic Institutions has so spread
.abroad, he says, that the Improvident
flock thither from all parts of the
kingdom under the impression that life
Is made easy for everybody. The poor
,bouse cannot accommodate them all,
.and the city Is overrun with people "so
ilazy" In the picturesque language of
the report "that rather than take
ithelr hands out of their pockets to
turn the handle of a door, they lounge
against it and burst It open."
Large quantities of New South
Welsh rabbits were consumed In vari
ous parts of the world last year. At
any rate, they came from New South
Wales and other parts of Australia,
which exported more than seven mil
Hons of them, frozen, besides large
quantities put up In cans. This busl
Bess has Increased rapidly In recent
years, for in 1000 the exports were
about two million animals fewer than
during last year. Then, too, between
ten and twelve million rabbit skins
ware sent abroad. The business bas
grown from the determination of the
Australians to abate the plague of rab
bits, which swarm over the land In
countless millions. If there were a
market for frozen gypsy-moths and
moth skins the Legislature of Massa
chusetts might leave to private enter
prise the task of clearing the forests
and groves of that state of the pest
introduced by a naturalist
"The man who needs rules for suc
ceeding In life will nover succeed."
So says BcnJ. L. WInchell, who has
succeeded. A few years ago Mr. Win.
chell was a clerk In a railroad ofllce at
110 a month. Now bo sits In a pad
' ded chair as president of the Rock Isl
' and system of railroads and draws a
alary of 40,000 a year. There Is
something in Mr. Wiucbell's remark.
' (Mind you, we are talking of success
- measured in money). There Is a whole
body of "success" literature, A maga
zine Is founded on tho word. Books
and periodicals are full of Interviews
with successful persons who lay down
rules for tho guidance of ambitious
young mon. The advice Is good enough
In Its way, but Being pressed for
some word that might, bo quoted Pres.
Ident WInchell said: "I haven't any
rule but work." That's It, Vou may ,
read about tho success ot eminent men
nnd follow their advice until you arc
groy-bcaded, young luan, hut unless
you work unceasingly, persistently
you will not get on In tho world, Other
things may help, hut hnrd work Is tho
one thing above all others.
The people of the I'nlted States will
road with coinUctlng emotions that tho
general conference of the Mormon
Church has renewed formally and
unanimously adherence to the so-called
Woodruff manifesto of 1SW. Perhaps
tho most general feeling will be one
of surprise nt the Inconsistency of
President Joseph Smith, who Intro
duced the pr&nunclamento. As tho
head of the Mormon Church Mr. Smith
announces that all polygamous mar
riages aro prohibited, and that auy
member of the church authorlxlng, con
tracting or solemnising such a mar
riage shall be liable to excommunica
tion. But the new manifesto says uot
a word nbout polygamous living; It
does not insist on obedience to tho
laws of the State of I'tah and of the
nation. It does not say that Joseph
Smith and the Mormon Church bellevo
polygamous marriages and polygamous
living to be wrong. It leaves the head
of the church still free to "take his
chances" In violating the law. It must
bo remembered that the same confer
ence which with such unanimity ap
proved of the Smith manifesto only a
short time before as warmly and as
unanimously commended Smith for the
"manly" way In which he had "stood
up" for tho beliefs and practices of
the church as well as his own prac
tices before the Scnnto committee.
The church has not condemned nor re
proved Smith for living Illegally with
more than one wife; rather has It ap
proved of all Smith has said and done.
Consequently the new pronouncement
of President Smltii will have little ef
fect Mormons will "take chances"
with the law, as heretofore. Until
Smith and other Mormons cease to vio
late the law and pronounce against
polygamous living as well as plural
marriages, tho people of the United
States will continue to look upon the
Latter Day Paints with suspicion.
There Is no doubt that the action of
the Mormon Church was taken with a
view to Influence opinion outside the
church. Hut it will fall to do this, be
cause the people have as little patience
with confessed polygamlsts like Jo
seph Smith as with the "authorizing,
contracting or solemnizing" of polyga
mous marriages.
Trooble of a Too antipathetic Woman
in New Jersey.
"I never go to theaters" said a New
ark temperance woman. "I'm too sym
pathetic. The last time I went to a
theater was twenty years ago. Pattl
died in one act and I'd hare died with
her if my husband hadn't carried me
"You'd get over your sympathetic
feelings If you went often nowadays,"
her friend said.
'No. I wouldn't" she replied. "I
tried to get over It at school, but It
grew. I used to be considered good in
recitations and dialogues, and one time
our class gave Ten Nights In a Bar
room.' I was Sam Slade's wife, and
I so hated that man I couldn't eat I
got as thin as a rail. And when the
play came off, and the glass struck the
little girl's head, I was so overcome
with the horror of It that I screamed
until the people hi the audience
thought the little girl had been really
"Was that your last appearance?"
"No: I tried it azaln. The Ladr ot
Lyons,' I think it was, although I'm'
not sure. Anyway, I was the wife of
a rich man, and he died, and his part-1
ner beat me and the children out of all
our money, and we went from bad to
worse, and the children were ragged
and starving, and I had no bread to
give them poor little wretches, how
hungry they werel so I made up my
mind to kill myself with charcoal. One
night I sent them away and lighted a
charcoal stove and lay down beside it
and died. Truly, as I stand here I
died. I can remember a couple of men
climbing over the footlights, and the
audience standing up all excited. When
I came to I was at homo in bed, where
I had been for nearly a week."
"Was there real charcoal in tho
"Of course not; only a lighted can
dle. But that didn't make any differ
ence; I died. Newark Evening News.
IIow a German Immigrant Oot Ilia
Naturalization 1'apcra.
T. V. Powderly, formerly commis
sioner general of Immigration, tells a
story of a certain German Immigrant
who, Just after landing In New York,
became very friendly with the inspec
tor who examined blm, says the Phil
adelphia Post As ho remained In
New York, where he was employed by
one of the big hotels, the friendship
became permanent.
When the period of Ave years' resi
dence In the United States, requisite
to the obtaining of naturalization pa
pers, had passed, th Teuton sought
out the Inspector, with Inquiries as to
what steps It would be necessary for
him to take to obtain his citizenship
So his friend gave him the necessary
advice, and In a spirit of kindliness
promised to go with the German to tho
Judge to whom application for natu
ralization was to be made. I
The usual interrogatories were ask
ed, among which was:
"You have read tho constitution of
this country?" v
"No, your honor," responded the
German stolidity; "no, I half hot read
der constitution; but my frcnt Kraujo
he bof read It to me. Und I vish to
say dot I liked It fery much. It is fery
nice, your honor, und I am fery much
bleasod mid it!" i
The Judge granted tho necessary pa
pers. Mottoes Upon Walls or Jap Homos.
On the walls of every well-regulated
Japanese home are to be found hand
somely framed mottoes and proverbs;
Borne of them run ob follows: "Clover
preacher, short sermon." A woman's
tongue threo Inches long can kilt a
man six feet high." "Live under your
own hat" and many others equally
pertinent and clever.
J Editorials
Sinews of War.
ALTHOUGH Russia, In the
with Japan, has an Immense
military forces, we are apt to forgot the ex
Ireme dllllculty of placing and maintaining s
croat Russian force In Manchuria. Vladivos
tok Is farther from Moscow
rim) from Boston, and the
Is connected with tho base of supplies
railway of Immense length, uot yet wholly complete, very
hastllv built Interrupted by a lake over
ferry of more than twenty miles, with
not exceeding eighteen or twenty miles
very thinly Inhabited section of country,
danger of Interruptions by skillful enemies perfectly posted
In regard to the location and condlttou
1 parts. It will be an Immense undertaking to support 300.
000 men over this road. In the opinion
I military experts In Europe, 250.000
largest army which Russia can properly
jchurla. The financial centers of Europe have been a good
Ideal disturbed by tho possibility of heavy drafts by both
. Russia and Japan In order to carry on the war. So far.
neither country has shown any Inclination to draw upon
Europe. Japan Intends to float a war
000,000 at home, and Russia has begun
'notes to tho extent of $13,000,000.
war, nine years ago. Japan astonished the financial world
by ralslug about ?11" 000.000 by loans absorbed at home
' and by taxation. The Russian Government among others
' resources, has over $500,000,000 lu gold and bank notes
in reserve; so that nlthough the financial condition of the
'country Is anything but sound, the sinews of war for the
Immediate future are amply supplied.
The Lost Art of Hospitality.
11 Bit E are the good old gods
were once the chief deities
and fireside? Have they no
new social regime? Perhaps we hurry too
much nowadays to practice the graces of our
forefathers. Electricity has set the pace for
the past half century, and we are trying to
keep up with Its telegraph systems,
cycles. And dust gathers on the neglected gods as they
huddle forlorn and neglected In their corners.
Fifty years ago and more men kept their houses prac
tlcally as wayside Inns for tho specific use of their friends
for the general use of whosoever furod
a man's house Is where ho rushes for his meals or to see
It his wife and children are peradveuture still alive within
Its walls, and where he sleeps when
leave his brain clear enough to Invito
coming of day he Is up and off again
chase for fame or money, chiefly money.
There are a few people who still cling to tho good old
bablt of receiving on specified afternoons and evenings,
they have retained the charm of looking always so rested
and at ease their guests come to rest and acquire. If
possible, that same case, and look with longing on the res
urrected gods free from dust, smiling, contented and happy
or their pedestals. For the majority of hosts and hostesses
today, however, entertaining means an annual Investment
In flowers. Ices and music, and a setting open of all the
doors to the home. An army of friends and acquaintances
rushes through the swift and lukewarm greetings, nobody
remembers who came or what they said, and tho house Is
cleaned and closed until the next annual Invasion. Some
times It is a card party, where many come becauso of the
prizes or the supper, nnd forget even to speak to their
hostess again when noxt they meet her on the street.
Entertaining so that both the entertainers and their guests
enjoy it Is an art almost lost In this busy, work-a-day world.
The open door that was the synonym for old-time hospi
tality Is a word that Is known to-day only In Its political
sense and when applied to China. To build houses for ac
commodating one's Invited guests Is not characteristic of
Trouble lu the Far Eaat Proving n
llonaura to Mapmakcre.
To the mapmakers In the United
States the Russian-Japanese war in
the East is proving a bonanza. The
principal home of the industry In this
country Is Chicago, and one nrm In
that city Is now turning out 4,000,000
maps a week. These figures seem In
credible, yet the books of the nrm
show that the statement Is true. Tho
United States and Canada absorb most
of this supply, but Europe and ABla
also take their share. of It
War Is a great stimulator rf the map
business. Since the trouble began
draftsmen, engineers nnd electrotypers
hare been busy night and day In turn
ing out diagrams of the scene of the
Russlan-Japaneso conflict Korea,
Manchuria, Siberia and the Islands of
Japan have been tho subject of maps
of all sizes and colors. "War atlases"
have been compiled containing prints
of all the Russian possessions and of
every bit of territory that Is In any
way likely to be affected by the naval
and military campaigns. Advertisers
seize upon these booklets with avidity,
knowing that the average man likes
nothing better than to spread one open
In front of his admiring family and ex
pound to them the meaning of the
meager and contradictory cablegrams
from tho seat of war. England's fight
with the stubborn Boer republics
opened up a strong demand for geo
graphical Information regarding South
Africa, hut tho Spanish-American con
flict was the prize winner from a map
maker's point of view.
"When Dewey opened Are on the
Spanish ships on May 1, 1808," said a
man who has spent thirty years in fos
tering tho map Industry in Chicago,
"not one man In a hundred knew
where tho Philippine Islands were. I
happened to be aware of that fact, and
our draftsmen were at work upon far
eastern geography beforo the people
waked up to their desire for knowl
edge of tho subject. It was the most
strenuous six weeks we have ever had.
Cuba and Porto Rico did their share,
and wo had to turn out new maps of
the United States showing all our isl
and possessions."
The Alaskan gold furoro and the
Panama Canal discussion made people
want to have thoso portions of tho
world platted out for them, but the de
mand was not so great ns the quest for
war tlmo knowledge, World's falre,
tba opening of Indian lands, and sim
ilar events of national Interest are
other "peaceful reasons" for map-making.
Electric Current Used to Induce Sleep
-Sensation Felt.
Experiments on the brain of a living
subject with electric curents have beon
comparatively rare, as there has pre
vailed among physicians and physiolo
gists tho Idea that such a course of
experimentation was extremely dan-
present conflict
prciouderauco of
than Is San Fran
field of operations
by a single truck
which tliere Is a
a running capacity
an hour, through a
and with constant
of the road In all
of a good many
men represents the
support In Man
loan of about WO,
by Issuing treasury
During the Chinese
The Outlook.
of hospitality that
of the household
place under the
Its cars and motor
that way. To-day
his business worries
slumber. With the
better sense there
In tho swift mad
the coasts, trading
art from China.
cided that It suited
anese vikings wero
period of Internal
at least Japanese
London Telegraph.
The Tatung River, a view of which Is herewith given, flows through
northern Korea and empties Into tho Yellow Sea. Plngyang Is situated on
tbu banks of this atroam, which Is now held by tho Japanese. The Tatung
Is used to transport munitions of war and troops Into tho interior. Small
boats are employed for the purpose. By such means guns, artillery mutes
and other ordinance supplies are transported, thus avoiding the Korean roads,
which are practically Impassable at this time of the year.
gerous, says Harper's Weekly. There
have recently been published, how
ever, records of some experiments car
ried on by M. S. Lcduc, with tho ob
ject of using the olcctrle curront to
produce sleep and of studying its ef
fects on the brain generally.
In early experiments it was shown
that the brain Is the bcst.conductor of
electricity In the human body, being
about 3,000 times more conducting
than muscle. It was also observed
that when a continuous current was
passed through the head from ono ear
to tho other tho sensation of giddiness
was produced, and that objects appear
ed to revolve In tho same direction ns
the current flowed. Howcvor, when
the electrodes are placed on the fore
head and neck nnd the current sent
from back to front, the effects are
Innocuous so long as a mild current Is
used and In somo cases may bo bene
ficial. According to M. Leduc, Iho
roost satisfactory current Is ono of
four mllllampcres at thirty volts, which
Is broken or Interrupted 100 times a
second for nine-tenths of the period of
the Interruption, Tho first effect noted
was the disappearance of tho faculty
of speech, after which followed the
loss of the motor faculties. Under or
dinary conditions there Is no affection
of tho respiration or pulse unless tho
current Is Increased, nnd then It may
cease. The patient Is said to awaken
Instantaneously from tho eloctric sleep
and to experience a feeling of refresh
A Peculiar Method of ltargalnliitf for
the Precloiia Btonev.
The peculiar business methods ot
Oriental merchants aro Illustrated by
the manner of buying rubles In Burma,
In the examination of rubles artificial
light" is not used, the merchants hold
ing that full sunlight alone can bring
out tho color and brilliancy ot tha
to-day. The man who not long since added two or three
rooms to his homo because he was "ho fond of having com
pany come and stay," Is a mild sort of sensation In tho eyes
of his less hospitable neighbors.
I,css hurry and less worry and seeing one's congenial
friends motv often would mean the KilVHtlon of many a
work-ridden, care-worn porson of today, and architects
should dlscovsr what the art was In tho old houses that
made them so attractive that one's friends could not stay
away from such comfortable places even It they trlcd.
Memphls Scimitar,
Need for a Hospital dir.
IT1I nil tlia ltunrovoiiieutd in mcdtclno and
A T I surgery of recent years, with all the Increase
ff lu the number of phjslclatis, with nil the sub-1
I Mtlllld.t,. .if ..,l...l , .,... fit. 11.,,..,. a
with all the provision of hospitals nnd dispen
saries to tho cities, little consideration has
been shown for Invalids by railroad companies
and hotels. The sick man Is-never welcome as a passen
ger on a railroad train, atld ho Is uot received with glad
ness at a hotel. On the day expresses, running from New
York in all directions, the man who surfers from an Ill
ness or an Injury baa a hard time ot It If he Is trying to
reach his home lu the country, or a sanitarium, or a report
In tho mountains to which he has been ordered by his
doctor. There is no place In the car for a bed, no place for
bis medlelues, and ha may have to ride for two or three
hundred miles sitting lu a chair, racked by the motion
of the train aud hardly able, from weakness, to hold him
self erect Tba sleeping car Is au improvement, but thero
Is Just objection on the part of the other passengers to
sharing tho coutlned space with n consumptive, and It Isl
certainly dlaqulrtlug to think of occupying a berth that
only a few hours before was taken by a patient suffering
from n contagious disease. I
Hence It Is a move In the right direction that has been '
made by tho Pullman company lu building n car for the
express accommodation of Invalids. It will probably hare ,
larger beds than tho ordinary sleeping car, no top berths f
and better ventilation; It should haw tho easiest of springs, ,
and be clear of carpets, curtains, plush and the usual
textiles that catch and hold microbes; It should have hot,
water as well as cold, on tap; It should have cupboards ,
for drugs and Instruments, where they would be lu no .
danger of breakage and, especially. It should be so con-1
structed that It could bo cleaned with a hose after every
trip, after the manner of operating rooms In hospitals. If
Uits car were switched from road to road, and Its depart
ures advertised, there Is hardly a doubt that, merely as a
business proposition. It would bo mado to pay. In tho
Is no doubt on that point. Brooklyn
Japan's Sea Training.
N the eleventh or twelfth century the Jap
anese were the most dashing pirates of the
East; In fact we might almost call them the
vikings of the East. They used Junks small
ships with a scrap of sail, but the little vessels '
In which the Danes once raided our own coasts,
or as the craft which the Penzance fisherman
hare to-day. With these Junks the Japanese roamed the
seas, going everywhere along the Chinese main, ravaging
and brluglng home priceless worlds of
it was not until long afterwards that tho ruling authori
ties of Japan, under tho great Emperor llldeyoschl, de
their purpose to shut off communica
tion with the outside world and to live to themselves.
trading merely among their own Islands. The old Jap
reduced to simple fishermen, and the
feudatory wars began, for at that time
would fight becauso they loved It
goms. Sales must therefore tako place
between 0 a. ni. and 3 p. in., and the
sky must be clear. '
The purchaser, placed near n win
dow, has bofore blm a lurge copper
pinto. The sellers come to him ono
by one, and each empties upon tills
plate his llttlo bag of rubles. The
purchaser proceeds to arraugo thorn
for valuation In a number of small
heaps. Tho first division Is into three
grades, according to size; each of these
groups is divided Into threo piles, ac-,
coming to color, ana eacu or tlieso
piles, in turn, Is again divided into
threo groups, according to shape. The
bright copper plato has a curious uso.
The sunlight reflected from It through
the stones brings out, with truo rubles,
a color effect different from that with
red spinels and tourmalines, which are
thus easily separated.
The buyer and seller then go through
a very peculiar method of bargaining
by signs, or, rather, grips, In perfect
silence. After agreeing upon the fair
ness ot tho classification, they Join
their right hands, covered with a
handkerchief or tho flap of a garment
and by grips nnd pressures mutually
understood among all these dealers,
they make, modify and accept propos
als of purchaso and Bale. Tho hands
aro then uncovered and tho prices are
recorded. Jewelers' Weekly.
Political DlfToronoos.
Years ago, when Lord Anglesey was
lord lieutenant of Ireland, ho said once
of the Irish Secretary of that day; "Mr.
Stanley and I do very woll togothcr ns
companions, but wo differ so totally
about Ireland that I never mention the
subject to him." Just how thoy trans
acted ofllclal business remains a mys
tery. After a man has been engaged threo
or four weeks, bo begins to Und oppor
tunities to take Bides lu her quarrels.
Curious ICurly ICsperlenc In Trans
portation lu l'ennsjflvniila.
Porno of tho regulations In force on
the earliest railroads built lu Pennsyl
vania read very queerly In these days
of "limited" and "dyers," says the
Boston Transcript. A, number of thorn
nro quoted lu a brief paper read before
the Engineers' Society of Western
Pennsylvania on early experiences lu
transportation by Antes Bnydor, nnd
abstracted in part lu the Scientific
American supplement. Hays this paper;
"When the commonwealth opened
tho Philadelphia nnd Columbia Hall
way the theory was that tho State fur
nish tho roadway and that any ono
I who pleased could furnish his own ve
I hide and motive power and use tho
'railway whenever h wished by paying
tho Htato tolls for Its use, just as mo
turnpikes of tho day wero used. Hut
It was hood discovered that n certain
character of vehicles was needed and
that rules und regulations as to time
and manner of using the railways wero
absolutely necessary to effect their suc
cessful operation. The ordinary ship
per found It too expensive to fit them
selves with the necessary plant and
that they could get this transportation
douo by largo and well equipped ship
pers much more cheaply than they
could do It themselves, so that In prao
tlco the business drifted Into the hands
of a faw Individuals and companies,
who did this service for tho many.
Tha railway as constructed was Intend
cd for th horsn as motive power,
though tlia locomotive was being Intro
duced as an experiment shortly after
the railway was completed. The fol
lowing among tho rule and regula
tlons adopted by the canal commission
for the regulation of the railway may
bo of Intervst
" 'Sec. 22. No car shall carry a great
er load than three tons on the t'oluui
Ma and l'lilladelplila Hallway, nor
mora than three and a half tons on the
Portage Hallway, nor shall any burden
car travel at a greater speed than five
miles per hour, unless the car IkhIj-
and load shall be supported on good
steel springs.'
"'Sec. 108. It shall bo tho duty of
the conductors of cars moving with
less speed upon the railways, upon no
tlco by ringing a bell, blowing a horn
or otherwise, of the approach of a loco
inotha engine or other cars moving In
tho same direction at a greater speed,
to proceed with all pnsslhlo dispatch
to tho first switch In tho course of their
passage, and pass off ald track until
suld locomotive engine or other cars
moving at greater speed ran pass by
Tho conductor of tho slower cars are
directed to open and close the switched
so a to leavo them In proper order.
Any person who shall refuse or neglect
to comply with the provisions of this
regulation shall, for every offense, for
felt and pay the sum of $10.'
"It must havo Ix-cn a very Interest
Ing and novel sight. Indent, when tho
horse, and the locomotive wrcr used In
discriminate on the sam track and
were struggling for supremacy as the
future motive power of our railroads,
and the approach of a locomnttvo was
heralded by the tooting of n born. Even
at that time tho right of way was glv
en to the fast horse."
Its Keep Himself In flood Health lij
Athletic Kserclae.
George J. Gould, physically. Is In
striking contrast to not a few of tho
directors of the Gould rompanlos who
were so actively Identified with the
late Jay Gould. George Gould's fond
ness for sports aud athletic games
keeps htm In excellent physical condi
tion, says tho New York Mall. Ho al
most Invariably arrives at his olllco In
tho Western Union building, 105
Broadway, a little beiore 10 a. in. Ills
pare 1 swift and only a good walker
can keep up with him. Oflen In the
coldest weather ho comes with his
overcoat on his arm.
Immediately upon reaching his desk
he throws off not only his undercoat,
but bis waistcoat as well, and pitches
Into a vast amount of work. Frequent
ly during the day Mr. Gould may be
seen passing rapidly through tho corri
dors of tbo Western Union building In
this same negligee attire.
Not long ago a hildday meeting of
tho directors of the Texas and Pacific
Rllroad was called, and Russell Sage,
John T. Terry nnd Pnm Sloan, all ac
tive associates of the late Jay Gould,
came down the corridor from Goorgo
Gould's ofllce, all wearing winter over
coats, although the weather was
abominably mild. Mr. Gould appeared
a few minutes lator minus his under
coat nnd waistcoat, and in this attl.n
presided at tho meeting, whllo his ngod
confreres, In conventional drrss and
holding high silk hats with a grout
deal of dignity, unanimously ratlllcd
his propositions.
Mr. Gould rarely gets further down
town than tho Harriman ufllres, nt 120
Broadway. He could easily pass
through Wall street without being gen
erally recognized. Even somo of the
'Wall street reporters do not know him
by sight
Might Have I to on Worse.
Bourke Cockran was condemning a
certain popular novel.
'This novel," he said, "Is as poor
and barren as Elmo County laud."
"Is Elmo County land very poor and
barren?" askod one of Mr. Cockran's
"Is It?" he said, "Well, I should say
It Is. Once two strangers rodo on
horseback through Elmo County, and
the barrenness of the land amazed
them, Nothing but weeds and rocks
everywhere, As they passed a farm
bouse they saw an old man sitting in
tho garden, and they sold:
" 'Poor chap! Poor, poverty-stricken
old fellow P
'The old man overheard thorn, and
called out In a shrill voice:
" 'Gents, I hain't so poor an' poverty-stricken
as ye think. I don't own
none o' this land. "
Origin of IlUiikota.
Blankets were first mado by Blanket
Brothers, at Bristol, England, aboul
tho middle of the thirteenth century.
Don't gossip, don't spread poison
With your tongue; don't bo a weiner
Somo mon lose their hutr by butting
lu at tho wrong time.
Gouverneur Morris has finished n
uew novel lo which he has given lbs
quaint title of "A Pagan's Progrvs."
Mary Ohalmondoloy Is completing
the manuscript of new novel, tho
first to.appear from her pen since Iho
publication of "Red Polloge."
Miss Myrtle Heed, author of "Laven
der and Hid I.ace" nnd oilier books,
has In readiness for the press n new
story lo be called "The .Master' Vio
lin." A now book about Tnskcgeo and It
work, tho Joint production of olllcor
and former students, Is announced.
Booker T. Washington contribute tho
The Price of Youth" Is Hie title f
tho new novel by Miss Margery Will-
tms, which the Mai'iulllan Company
'havo Issued. It Is a picture, of II fo In
' a New Jersey village.
I 'The Deliverance," by Ellen Glas
gow, and Henry llarlaiid's "My Friend
Prospers," aro the two now jwr
book that have ni far been meat
prominently before the public.
Dr. Waller F. MrCnleb, author of
"Tho Aaron Hurr Conspiracy," Is edit
ing for Dodd, Mead A Co., the
"Memoirs of Senator John II. Ilea,
gun," tlin only surviving member of
the Confederate cabinet.
A book the chief charm of which Is
to lie Its absolute simplicity and yet In)
filled with thrilling Incident and U
lrnt action Is tho way lu which tha
publishers announce Charles Hem
street's novel, "Flower of tho Fort."
Since the publication of the "Woman
Who Tolls" Mrs. John Van Worst has
had an enviable position In Paris. Hhn
was taken up by the academy set. Is
a contributor to the Heine ilea Deux
Mnndes and has hud her tiook publish
ed In French and German.
"Helen Grant' Schooldays," Mist
Amanda M. Douglas' holiday story ot
last year, will bo followed next au
tumn by "Helen Grant's Friends," III
which Helen lay aside her school am
bitions and derotes herself to aiding
her father In his archaeological work.
Tho" most Interesting collection ot
Thackeray relics ever brought together
la In the possession of n well known
Ixindon dealer. It consists of tho ill
bums of the author's long-time friends,
Mrs. Hronknold and Mrs. Perry Thesa
albums are filled with letters, one long
original poem and several characteris
tic sketchrs.
Dodd. Mead A Ci New York, an
nounce that they have ready for pub
lication 1,0)10 facsimile copies of th
first edition of the Declaration of Inde
pendence. The original edition wa
printed as a broadside. July ft, I77H, by
Johu Dunlap, of Philadelphia, the otll
clal printer to the Continental Con
Home Meteorntoulata Deux that Forests
Influence the Ktilufatl,
Almost from time Immemorial me
teorologists and Iho public generally
havii held to the opinion that the cut
ting nway of forest trees greatly ill
mlntshe the rainfall In a given area.
Of late, however, the first named class
doubt tho correctness of the theory, al
though they concede, that denuding
th laud ot tri-v accelerates the rat
at which water runs off from moun
tain side. The same attltudo Is
adopted by tho forestry bureau nt
Washington, In a report regarding n
special study of the Hock lllvcr water
shed. Tho region lies partly In Wis
consin and partly In Illinois. Within
tho last eighteen or nineteen years
thero has been somo decrease In pre
cipitation In tha vnlley and tho river
Is lower than It once was.
In discussing Iho facts tho bureau
adopts a notably cautious manner, say
ing that "It cannot bo safely asserted
that forest destruction has produced
any falling off In the nnnual precipita
tion over tho region." Commenting on
the facta In "Tho Bulletin of the Amer
ican Geographical Society," It. Del).
Ward, a well-known meteorologist.
calls attention to the fact that a fall
ing off In rainfall ha been observed at
many other localities In tho western
part of tho United States for sovernl
years, thus In n measuro corroborating
tho conclusion or Bruckner that thero
Is a thlrty-flvc-ycar cyclo In tho cli
Radium Is tho numo of n black Shet
land pony which, though threo years
old, Is only twcnty-uliio Inches high.
Bred nt Sealiam Harbor, says the Tat
Icr, Ixindon, ho Is a grandson of tha
champion pony Odin, nnd through his
mother, Is descended from I'rluco ot
Thulo, Laird of Nobs and other cole-
bratod Londonderry ponies. Radium
Is by Htormontfleld nnd Mnrjorlo. Ho
Is owned by Lady Estella and Liidy
Dorothea Hopo (tho latter Is holding
the halter), the sisters of tho Marquis
ot Linlithgow.
On EnglSli Hallways,
Tho number of men employed on
tho railways ot the United Kingdom,
Including boys, Is 623,082,
Speaking of tho misfortune of rich
es, theru is the woman who Is a good
cook, but who Is rich enough to en
gage a hired girl, who Is a poor ono.