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About Bohemia nugget. (Cottage Grove, Or.) 1899-1907 | View Entire Issue (Nov. 6, 1903)
A woman Invariably linn more listen
ing than speaking acquaintances,
Oliltitrcn are tho light of die home,
but sometimes they should be turned
Mr. Cnrorgle' desire to die poor baa
not led lilin to taUo n flyer In Wall
It l better to do noble deeds than to
lroam them all day Ions. Hut not near
10 much fuu.
ltvcry homo that -break n record
Imply linn to stop long enough to
blow a little over It
Mr. Carnegie predicts that England
nd America will eventually , bo one
uatlon, but falls to tell us which one,
It Is said that the Sultan of Turkey
has become so used to staying under
tho bed that be docs not sleep com
King rotor has bad a cabinet crisis,
but such things don't worry htm as
long as ho can bo reasonably sure that
there Is no poison In his bash.
"Hips mutt go" Is the edict of the
American fashion authority. Some of
us will haro to go Into hiding until the
Kyle changes or else tee a surgeon.
Some of the people of Colombia are
disposed to light for the Panama
Canal, but none of them appears to be
willing to pitch In and help dig It.
It Is said that Francis Joseph may
throw up the Job as king of Hungary,
as the Hungarians arc giving him too
much of a Karageorgevltch of a time.
Another good point about "Dixie" Is
that It Is purely an American product
It Is almost our only national air that
was not borrowed from some foreign
A writer in n current magazine de
clares that 111 health is a requisite for
the highest literary success. In that
case our contemporaneous writers
must all be distressingly healthy.
A maiden lady in England looked
under the bed at a seaside hotel she
was visiting and found a man there.
He was dead, though had been dead
for several days. It was a poor re
ward for years of persistence.
Germany is still selling cartridges
and rifles to Turkey. Still, perhaps,
we had better not make any sarcastic
comments. The Sultan could probably
buy American canned meat and Mis
souri mules for his army if he tried.
The newspapers are puzzled over
what caused the death of the Shah of
Persia's chief phjslclan, and state In
the same breath that he was a serious
rival of the chief vizier. Might we
timidly suggest that maybe the vizier
ould dispel the mystery?
In the Alaskan dog case a man stole
i collie and contended that the stealing
of a dog In Alaska was not larceny.
The United States Court of Appeals
ruled that "a dog is a chattel, and,
next to man, the most Important factor
In the past and present history of the
country." This decision gives high
rank to the dog as an agent of clvlllza
lion, but the dog deserves it
modern atenmshlps, Tho change Is
not merely In name, but denotes an
Improvement In the crowded life of
ships which Is comparable to tho lm
provement In tenement houses on
shore. Tho newer vessels havo dining
rooms In the steerage (It toil as the first
and second cabin dining rooms are,
with revolving chairs, and furnished
with n printed bill of fare from which
varied and palatable meals arc served.
Similar Improvement Is noticeable In
tho sleeping accommodations, whero
privacy and comfort are now respect'
ed. There Is even a piano, and the
dally runs of tho vessel are bulletined
here, as lu the other cabins. These
changes will be hailed with pleasure
not only by the Immigrants whom they
directly affect, but by all persons of
any kindness of heart who know what
a steerage passage has meant
In the section dealing with the tlm
bcr and stono law In tho last annual
report of the Commissioner of the Gen
ernl Land Office Is found this passage
"The law has been too often violated.
Individuals without funds of their own
have been employed to make entries
for others with large capital, and who
paid the expenses, and some wealthy
speculators have made enormous for
tunes." Of tho lands that have thus
been fraudulently acquired a large part
would have been available for agricul
ture to actual settlers. In so far as
these lands have fallen into the hands
of others than settlers, the purposes
of public land policy have been de
feated, and thereby distinct injury has
been done to the nation as a whole,
President Roosevelt In bis last annual
message to Congress Insisted that the
remaining public lands, so far as they
ore available for agriculture, "should
be held rigidly for tho home builder,
the settler who lives on his land, and
for no ono else." He Indicated not
merely the timber and stone act but
the desert land law and the commuta
tlon clause of tho homestead law as
having been perverted from their true
purpose, and as being in great need of
amendment or repeal. A propaganda
for the repeal of these laws was start'
ed last winter by the National Dual
ness League, and other organizations
have taken the matter up also. Desert
lands in whole sections are sold for
$1.23 an acre, and timber end stone
lands in quarter sections go for $2.50
an acre. The General Land Commls
sloner estimated at the close of the
fiscal year 1002 that in timber lands
alono the government had given away
property actually worth $130,000,000
for $13,000,000. In the fiscal year 1003
the sales under the timber and stone
act amounted to practically one-third
as much as all previous sales in the 23
years since the act was passed. The
rapidity with which the public domain
is being seized under these acta should
stimulate Congress to early action in
whatever form it deems advisable.
ENGLISH MILLIONAIRE IS AN
ADMIRER OF AMERICAN METHODS
Alfred Mosely, who came to New
York in advance of a committee of
British educators who will study Am
erican educational methods at his ex
pense. Is an Englishman who made an
Seldom has' there been a better Illus
tration of the folly of fraud than the
case of a woman who, when she moved
away from a town thirty-seven years
ago, left a grocery bill unpaid. The
debt weighed on lr conscience until
she grew morbid a, id could not sleep,
nnd for years she su.Tered from Insom
nla. A few weeks ago, on the advice
of a lawyer, she paid the bill, then
went to bed and slept soundy till 10
o'clock the next morning. Now she
wishes Bhe had been honest long ago.
Despotism has its advantages. An
epidemic of cholera having broken out
at Kabul, the ameer ordered his army
lntobealthful camps on high ground
andiforbado his people to eat vegeta
blea'or fruit or drink unboiled water.
The penalty prescribed for dlsobedl
ence or tho Infringement of any sanl
tary, regulations was death, and in or
der to leave nobody with an excuse
for non-compliance those who pleaded
poverty received rations of the right
sort of food to be eaten when cholera
Is abroad. The pestilence was stamp
Mr.Rockefeller has opened his heart
to bis pastor, Dr. Eaton, and confessed
that ho "shudders to think" that he
might have lived all his life In the lit
Uo town of Rlcbford, "whore there
was no religion.'" The good doctor has
sought to comfort him, and confesses
on his side that he, too, shudders to
think what the world would have lost
had Mr. Rockefeller remained In that
small town. To this friendly and diplo
matic assurance Mr. Rockefeller re
plies that the consolations of religion
havo been such to him that he has
often 'thought it bis duty to take the
lecture platform and tell peoplo all
about his beatific state, and again the
worthy doctor rises to the occasion and
is quite sure that Mr. Rockefeller will
have no troublo lu getting engage
ments. We think Dr. Eaton is entirely
Justified lu his conclusions. A gentle
man 'of Mr, Rockefeller's means and
standing in tbe business and social
world' should experience no sort of dif
ficulty In securing engagements in all
parts "of tho United States, and we
fancy Uiero arc not a few industrious
promoters ami managers who will
cheerfully undertake tbe responsibility
of looking after his Interests on the
road) share and share alike. As for
tho profits, it Is quite safe to assume
that tlioy will bo entirely satisfactory,
for 'Is ;lt not written: "Unto everyone
that bath shall be given, and he shall
havo abundance." Wo refrain from
quofjng tho rest of the verse.
Inplaeo of tho steerage has come
"tho third" cublo'' on some of the more
Hi W-IKSJUBBKlTd nvv
OPINIONS OF GREAT PAPERS ON IMPORTANT SUBJECTS
Old Gooks for New Renders.
S the love for old books that Is, for tho works
of the standard authors of tho past should not
be confined to old readers, it is gratifying to
noto that publishers both hero aud In England
are making a feature of tho reprints of fornler
Without reflecting upon the authors of current litera
ture, It can truthfully bo laid that time Is the great win
nower of literary chaff. That which survives the genera
tion In which It appears la usually worthy of being read
by succeeding generations, nnd not Infrequently better
worth universal perusal than the bulk of the books from
which the worthless and purely ephemeral have not yet
been eliminated. Plutarch never grows old with students
of biography; Cervantes and Shakspoare are as delightful
after three hundred years os when their Immortal works
were first published, and every generation has furnished
authors worthy of being read by all generations.
Each successful author Is unique. Take past writers of
American literature as examples. Irving, Cooper and Haw
thorne have had no successor In their own special fields.
Scott Thackeray, Dickens, George Kllot nnd Charles
Reade among the English novelists of tbe past century
have not been excelled or even duplicated In the present.
The children of those who derived pleasure and Instruc
tion from these writers while living will find equal profit
and delight In their perusal now that they are dead
"King's Treasures" Is what Uuskln has fitly named collec
tions of books that have survived Time s winnowing proc
ess; and these books cannot be made too cheap, plentiful
or accessible. Philadelphia Bulletin.
Wealth and National Stamina.
EXPENSIVE houses, rich furnishings, costly
sports, extravagant entertainments, criminally
expensive hotels aud the like, everybody sees
and knows about; and there are Americans
who have a scale of living that would put the
rich men of most other countries to shame. Rut
c real question Is not whether the amount of unnecessary
or even vulgar expenditure be large, but whether such ex
pcndlture vitiates taste. Induces to Idleness, and encour
ages vice. The only fair answer Is that there Is as large a
proportion of Idle nnd vicious among the poor or the well
to-do as among tbe rich. Most American men have occu
pations, and most of them have engrossing occupations.
But there Is probably a larger proportion of American
women who suffer from Idleness than tbcro was a genera'
tlon ago, and the chief social danger from great wealth Is
the danger to women. Yet there comes up from the hum
bler social levels Into tbe ranks of well-to-do life so many
robust and well balanced young women of every genera
tion that those who are spoiled by fortune are, In com
Our democracy reinforces Itself with a safe and vigor
ous womanhood, even more surely than with energetic
manhood. If all the women in tbe United States between
the ages of IS aud 40 could be appraised by the best stand
ard of womanhood, they would show such an advance
over their mothers as could perhaps not be shown by any
preceding generation of men or women since civilization
began. They owe much of It not to excessive wealth, but
to the well-diffused prosperity that they have enjoyed.
And excessive wealth and all Its evils are, after all, only
anfortunate Incidents of this diffused prosperity. The
Immense fortune In the gold and dia
mond mines of South Africa, and who
now conceives the idea of keeping Eng
land abreast of the times by teaching
her experts American methods. Last
year he brought over a commission of
twenty-five British tradesmen and
paid all tbelr expenses during a visit
to our industrial centers. He was born
in Bristol forty-eight years ago, and Is
Parental Responsibility for Spoiled Children.
NE of the saddest of sights is a spoiled child.
Seeing such a child one almost revolts against
the system that leaves the young In the care
of their parents, however unfit those parents
may be for their important responsibilities.
There arc Incompetent parents In all stations
of society, but It would seem, from casual observation, that
the poor are really wiser and firmer parents than tbe rich.
Poor people perforce must discipline their children and
keep them well in hand. Tbe children of the poor must
be taught to help themselves, to work about the bouse, to
practice thrift Fortunately the majority of poor parents
In this country appreciate the value of education, and they
send tbelr young to tbe neighboring public or private
school even though doing so cost them much pinching and
labor. Between being disciplined at homo nnd knocked
Tho blophono, n now German phono
graph, produces pictures a wen
lounds. It shows, for Inetance, lb
linger giving a long,
The tcmperoturo limits of life ro
about a good deal by their playmates, the children of tho much more widely separated than wo
poorer families grow up pretty well broken, having n'onco supposed. Bacteria are now
proper self-respect, but not unbearably conceited or selfish . known to develop and multiply t 72
or vain. deg. O.i and Prof. A. Macfadyen of
Rich parents are prone to Indulge their children. What London baa exposed such orgnulsms to
with nurses, governesses, fine clothes, ponies and every toy UK) deg. O. below tero ror six niomua
he cries for. tho little son of the millionaire Is vurv llkelv without harming them, while they
to grow up In tho notion that tho world was made for his , even survlrod 230 dog, 0. below ro,
special use and pleasure, and that tho business of nil other An Investigation of paving stone
people is to stand about awaiting mid obeying orders from has been undertaken In Ireland by
him, There are, of course, plenty of wealthy families lu j Prof. Joly. Ho finds that resistance
which the children nro not spoiled, but tbe conditions to wear varies directly with the
make tho parental duty really more dllllcult and perilous In 'amounts of quarts and felspar contain
au environment of wealth than lu poor surroundings. ed, the completely crystalline ignoou
San Francisco Bulletin. I granites, etc., being as a rulo the
toughest. Rocks that aro decidedly
t n r . n porphy rlllc. porous or glassy are to bo
u nym mrcsi i ires. avoided. A certain coarssiicsa of gralu
EW renllio what an Immenso loss the United la usually deslrnblo, as flno-gralnrd
States suffers each year through the deatruc- rocks, like a certain Welsh dlorlt, are
tlon of timber by tires. In Oregon nnd Wnsli- liable to btcome slippery,
ingion last year siwwo.uoo of timber was tio- Th, ,wtrlc dlschargo between two
.iroycu oy ure i" iwo wccks. itoiii .name to Te., 0f mercury In a patttal vacuum
Puget Sound every timber region In the United , i, ,h, m0i. .mcl.nl form of artificial
States suiters annually from forest fires, aud the yearly lighting ytt discovered. In a roceut
u averages uciwecn i.v.uw.wu ana ou,wu,ouu. i lie . test by W. 0. Oter, th mercury term
forest fires which swept over Now England In the early inals were about four-fifths of an inch
part of this summer will make the loss this year large apart, and an arc of two Inches In
perhaps brlug It up to tho maximum. length was produced by a direct cur
This lots of timber by forest fires Is mi actual loss j rent of 110 volts. Nearly CO per cent
wealth goes up In smoke and Is vanished forever. New 0f the energy supplied was converted
trees grow to take the place of the old oues burned, but into visible light. Turning to other
the vnlue of tboie destroyed Is blotted out from the na-' lights, th Getiiltr tube showed nn
tlim'fl W.nltt, Tfll'l,,,. tl,n .,... n,,nl In.. I.. ... I. A. . - . ..
---" ."V .........1 ....... " m iuk euiciency or oj per cent; mo oruuiary
twenty years to be $30,000,000, It means that tho country are limn. 10: swirl. n. 10: tho In-
has been the loser of $000,000,000 In that time. Though candescent electric lamp, 0, and tho
"" " i'" "."t. jrai nunc mi, Argatm gas uurncr, i.o.
,! th unt-lB, fuct; M K0,n b(t lu Th. entomologist, .mploy.d to abate
ln.;..n( l cnnsylvnnla and horo of lAug ,,,,, port(
Th. . .... ....a loh'r 1UB. "' rain-barrel
.. -.......... wm DrMj tuor, I110,qulto.s than
. .. """"",n" " "" n con- ,arg0 pj, Ktc ,uo Bnt ul,i0Wi
' ' '" hardly .qual, as moiqulto producer.
vestlgatlon and study have been actively at work tha, rSJ&
... . T T lm"'K . "aa utcu.c- fish which prey upon the larvae.
soggy pasture. In tho same sense,
tlrely neglected heretofore by tho general goverumut, which '
now propose, to take the matter up from the beginning uaIl from on, ,0 ,wo r.,n.bnrrf.,
and study It thoroughly. It Is true tha In the national $M , , , nloltlllUo,
forest reserves there 1ms been for some time a patrol sys- Evell , ftt,inlnkccl iem o(r,
tem, charged, among other duties, with reporting and fight-. t-i.i. ...T.ii. .... .i... t- .
ing fires, but no general principles have been laid down 1 ., frefj fr.., cty of MttgM
' ,,UMI "U,VM KV iWT f Arrrli7tnttimi In Hlrllr from mfllarln
ork Press. J .V. I....
vj uirviuug uiv uinv, bu Hint mv iiuiiii
wind swept freely over the town. V
Vacation Advice. 110 w know that mosquitoes are the
fcORB attention should bo given to r.laxatlon cwcr "iDuiors or malaria.
and rest, especially In tho home circle. Noth- JMUD expedition, sent out ny
Ing has ever been found better for exhausted Ibo American Museum of Natural Ills
nature than sleep. Vacationists should uot tory ,0 Investigate the native tribes of
overlook this Important fact Tho stay-at-, Northwestern America and North
homes, who enjoy short trlus and return to eastern Asia has completed Its
their own comfortable beds at ulirht. can romrrntnlnf. field-work and collected some
themselves on securing needed rest. Wise tourists plan twenty thousand specimens of house
to get all tbe sleep they require. This clan believe In the' hold articles, dress, ornaments, tools
advice of tho famous writer. t)r. J. 0. Holland, who once ' audweaponssuch as havo never before
said on this topic: I been exhibited. The explorations ex-
"81eep Is a thing that bells have no more business t0 tended from tho Columbia River
Interfere with than with prayers and sermons. God Is re-!11"""111 ,h !or,h Pacific coast to the
creating us. We are as unconscious as we were before wo Amur River In Asia, tloso similarities
were born; nnd while Ho holds us there, feeding anew thet Wl,r0 fo,"ul ,u "10 customs, dress, Im
springs of life and Infusing fresh flro Into our brains and plements, folk-lore and other charac
preparing us for the work of nuother day, the pillow Is as! teristlcs of the American and Siberian
sacred as a sanctuary. tribes, pointing. It Is thought, to tha
"If any fanatic has made you bellevo that It Is good common origin or tneso people at
for you to be violently wakened from your sleep at an
early hour, and to go out Into the damp, raw air. morning
after morning, with your fast unbroken and your body un
fortified by the stimulus of food, forget him nnd his coun
sels nnd take tbe full measure of your rest. When you
get your breakfast take your exercise If you havo time, or
wait until a later hour In the day. Just as much labor
can be accomplished In ten hours as In fourteen, with more
efficiency and less fatigue, when rest and bodily exercise
are properly taken." Boston Globe.
VALUE OF THE EGQ CROP.
V.r In, Tear Oat, It Ilcnt. Produc
tion of Preclon. Metal..
Russia Is the largest seller of aggs
In tbe world. She sells to foreign coun
tries 150,000,000 dozen eggs nearly eV'
ery year. In 1803 she sent abroad 1,
175,000,000 eggs; In 1807, 1,737,000,000,
and In 1898 1,831.000,000. Her sales
are ell the time increasing.
China Is supposed to bo the largest
producer of eggs In the world. There
Is no such thing as statistics of poultry
products in China, but there are over
100,000,000 persons in that empire who
are very fond of eggs; It takes a good
many eggs to supply them. Tbe hum
blest farm hut has hens in plenty,
and they do their best to supply the
demand. There is little doubt that
China takes the cake as an egg pro
ducer. Her entire supply Is usually
consumed at home, though she some
times manages to spare a few for Jap
Great Britain is tbe largest buyer of
foreign eggs in the world. Of course,
no English breakfast table Is complete
The Way Home.
When tbe Bishop of Truro, Dr. Gott
was Dean of Worcester, says a writer
In V. C, his absent-mindedness was
so notorious that be earned for him
self the sobriquet of "Dean For-Gott."
On one occasion be had Invited some
friends to dine with him. On tbelr
arrival, a short time before the dinner
hour, bo suggested that In the Interval
of waiting his friends would perhaps wlthout eggs as a complement to its
like to walk through the grounds. I toast and marmalade. Great Britain
After spending about a quarter of an buyi every ycar an average of 1,600,
bour In admiring tbe flowers, shrubs 000,000 eggs from about twenty coun
and greenhouses, they suddenly camo tries, and this Is only 40 per cent of
upon a door In the garden wall. j the consumption. British bens man-
"Ah," said tho dean to his aston- &ge to produce three-fifths of the eggs
Isbed guests, "this will be a much that the home market demands. In
nearer way for you to go homo than 1001 Russia sold to England 539,053,
by going back to the front!" and for-1 000 eggs, nnd the next largest sellers
getting bis Invitation, he opened tho were Belgium, Denmark, Germany,
door and bowed them out
Start a Domnstlo Soeoe.
Mrs. Nowllwed I made a big batch
of these biscuits to-day,
Mr. Ncwllwed You did, Indeed,
Mrs. Newllwed-How do you fw rTl
France, Egypt and Morocco. Great
Britain spent $28,745,101 lu the pur
chase of eggs in 1001.
Our entire export of eggs in 1002
was only 2,717,000 dozen, valued nt
$528,070, which cuts a small figure In
how big a batch I madoJ "u ' '"T T"rV -,l
,M 'hlh..PhM.LnM r3 r . ' ,that keeps our exports nt sucb
Iu 1800 there were 233,508,005 chick-
More Eloquent Than Word..
"I don't nreach no lone sermon. In ens in this country, and they produced
do summer time," said tbe colored 1.203,818,1 dozen eggs; ana the fact
brother, "I des calls de 'tentlon cr de t,lat wo consumed 00 per ceut of them
inn ttr de stat of d thw-mnm,.. shows that wo are a nation of egg eat-
ter, en bless God, they know wbut'a e,n- n e,no"gh. t(i mnko. aal hea
a comln'l" I dlzzy to think that a train of ordinary
refrigerator cars containing our enuro
egg crop of that year would have ex
tended from Chicago to Washington,
Of the 100,000 men In Newfoundland
more than half are fishermen, who with several miles of cars to stretch
catch 150,000,000 pounds of cod a year, along tho track toward Baltimore,
consume one-fifth of It and sell tbe j In 1001 tbe receipts and consumption
rest for $4,450,000. of eggs In New York City were 2,872,-
000 crates of thirty dozen each. Cbi-
An Irish Dh losoDher savs that everv. 1 i... ,..- n.. nnit.
thing conies to the man who gets up .nmntlon. or an averaira of 1.581.R1R
and hustles while ho sits down and crates a year. Truly the egg Industry
wait. 1 1. a irrent buslnessi and when we con
sider It In connection with the broilers,
spring chickens, tough and tender, nnd
roosters we consume, tho poultry In
terests assume prodigious proportions.
The total value of tho poultry and
eggs we produced In the lust census
year was $281,178,247. Tho industry
was worth more than all tho cattle
and hogs we slaughtered. It was
worth more than tho wheat crop of
twenty-eight States and territories;
and the value of our eggs nlono wns
higher than that of the combined gold
and silver product of tbe United Stntoi
In any year since 1850, except In 1800,
when tho precious metals exceeded tho
eggs by $9,418,125.
"Tho Weaker Hex,"
The women who ore attempting to
run a big bote! for women In New
York are solving some Interesting prob
lems. Tho hotel Is called the Martha
Washington, and the Intention of the
management was to run It entirely
with women, as well as for women.
Little by little tbe male sex has been
encroaching, not because men wcro
especially anxious to work there, but
because the women could not do with
First of all, the girl "bell boys" had
to go, because the women could not
"make tbcm ntlnd.". Boys were In
stalled. They obey orders, but do not
stay long, bccauie, they say, "the worn,
en are nutty."
The head woman waiter could not en
force discipline among tho women
waiters. And so a man bad to under
take the Job. It was also found that
carrying tho soiled dishes from dining
room to kitchen was too heavy for
women, Men were put In to do this.
Finally tbe rest of tho girls struck aud
their places were filled with men.
TIow Is It that women won't "mind"
women? Would a regiment of aroazons
havo to he officered by men? fit. Louis
Scotland's Great Canal.
Plans for tbe construction of a ship
canal between the Firth of Forth, on
the east side of Scotland, across to
tho River Clyde, on the west, have
been definitely arranged, says tho New
York Times. Tho canal will coat $50,-
000,000, but powerful support Is ex
pected from the British government.
One of the great engineering features
of the scheme will be tbe carrying of
the canal through the high ground
near the Loch Lomond end. Frequent
passing places will be made.
An indication of tbe saving In dis
tance that would be effected by the
canal will be gained from the follow.
Ing figures: From tho Clyde to porta
on the eaat coaat of Scotland, north
east of England and northwest of Eu
rope, tbe distance saved would bo from
529 miles to 238 miles. From thi
Firth of Forth to ports on tho west
coast of Scotland, northwest of Eng
land, Ireland, America and the Med
iterranean the distance saved would
be from 487 to 111 miles. From Tyns
ports to the Ht. Lawrence river the dis
tance saved would bo 150 miles. From
the west of Britain and northeast of
Ireland to middle western ports of the
continent tbe distance saved would be
from 377 to OS miles.
some remote past time. Tho most nn
mcrous of the Hlberlau races aro tho
Yakuts, numbering about 270,000 In
dividuals, and dwelling In and around
tho Lena River valley. Tbelr terrt
tory Includes about one-third of Hlbe
rln. Many of them have nmassed
wealth In the fur trade, nnd their sll
ve'rsmtths are noted for skill. Yakut
belles frequently possess costumes of
furs, ornamented with silver, worth
f-hocklna Abu.i. to YVIilcti liven
le.c. Tlisr Are tinlij.cf.
The I'casants of Macedonia who are
In revolt ngalust the rulo of the Turk
are an Interostlug people. Their coun
try Is much diversified In population.
In tbe south tho Greeks predominate,
In the north tho Slavs. The mlddlo
section has a mlxtd and debatable con
gerlcs of nationalities and dlulocts,
There arc n few Wnllachlnns here and
there and a sprinkling of Mahometans
A Common Wenkiimii. overvwhtre. In times of peace 03 per
ur. joscpu i.e uonto wns an author- cent of tbe population Is cngnged In
Ity, recognized by tho world at large, agriculture. They till tbe fields In a
on the science of vision. One day, says 'primitive fashion, having little use for
mo row iorK inuune, lie wns snow modern Improvements or farm ma
Ing a class how to detect tho blind chlncry. Their stolid Industry, their
spot In the human eye. Ho took two thrifty hoblts, tho fine cllmnto and the
coins and held them, ono In each hand, natural fertility of the country would
oeiore mm on tne tame, make them a moat prosperous and hap-
"Look nt both of these steadily," said py people were It not for tho oppres
he, "and gradually move them In op.'.0n nut upon them,
poslte directions. Presently they will j Each Christian vlllngo suffers exne
pass beyond tho range of vision. That Hon from Its Moslem neighbors, Its
Is duo to tho blind spot. Continue the Turkish landlord, tho Albanian brig
movement, and tho coins will again 'bdJ,, to say nothing of the oIIIcIhI tax
cmergo to view." I coiitctors. The people have no security
Then tho philosopher and naturalist u trade, and tbe privileged classes live
had his little Joke. "You can export- upon their labor. In some places tho
ment for yourself at home," said he. peasants, besides sharing the products
"But If you are unauccessful, try some of (hetr fleW equally with their land
other object Instead of a coin. Some ordai ar, forcei to work for them
peoplo havo no blind spot for money." 0Khty days each year, Including Sun-
Oil Onn.nint.Mon. d"JJ "'"j0"' Dy ,Py W0"Cy "
For many months the oil conauinp. ' food-. They are forced to obey at
tlon of tho world has exceeded th. lj!rpotat of ,Le k"l,e' "nd "'CTC "0
production, for which reason financier! , rCM' ., ... .
and merchants havo feared a posslblal Tho c,',aB" " " I'casnuta are
exhaustion of tho oil fields. Reporti oapetl loethcr, '" '"lulet
published In tbo Manual of Statistics, I f0 nre few mJ ' ln"
however, show an extensive docreas fiarks are uncertain. Muny of tho vil
la tbe stock of crude petroleum In th' 0B l"voa c?mm,0,n. ?' ."T
,., , ,. ,..' ,,,.. t..... ilng the flocka when It la Impossible for
sylvanla, within tho last two years and ,D0 to lead them Into the
figures of equal authority Indicate thai "V11"! J,0T IT""1, 'n0n,""
for months tho consumption of oil from, '" """" .1 1 ""T
Pennsylvania and West Virginia welli
has been very Inrgoly In excess ol
I Both men nnd women aro strong-
limbed and full of endurance. Few are
production. Tho stock of crude VJ-J !" .""'l
sylvanla petroleum nbovo ground In
December, 1000, was 13,174,717 barrels, n, ot Uo,me d,utlt'' lhe "" "
while In December, 1002, tho nmoun elotUI"K of ,,,e ,fnmlI'r' !"!Unll, fro'
thus stored was only 5,009,127 barrels. Jvct1 KrW" n,Uj "llCar.Cd !U, th.e
I till iiii njy uii. nvi vii, vui turn UIUUU ill
im... .v.-. ...... . wu.u mm The hospitality of the peoplo nppeals
a decent letter of condolenco. I to tbe visitor. Oriental laws prevail,
Second Bachelor Some one you and no one who comes In pcaco Is
know dead? (turned away. Even the poorest peua.
"No. Engaged." Detroit Free Press, will suare ills cruBt of bread and
1 ibis wooicn uiauicets witu a stranger,
When we visit In the country, wi and without asking.
like the hostess' disappearance to bt Tho average peasant family pos. from the other, for under the eagle eye
ioiiowvu iiuuivuiaiciy Uy luw louna oi arac. u pair ot oxen, tony or urty or tiio section foreman all work allko
chickens squawking In tbe back yard, sheep, a cow, several pigs and chick- -j Leslie's Monthly
rmf. A portion of tho Increai. of (lit
sheep flock must he turned over to the
landlord In many cases. Ono day each
week In the towns of the dlatrlct la
market day, and tho peasants como
from every direction, driving slow-go
Ing ox teams hitched (o rough carts
loaded with produce. The dlataitcee aro
great, and the market Journey la usual
ly begun the day before and ended the
day after market day.
Like hi brother In Bulgaria, the
Macedonian penmnt buries his money
In the field. There are fuw. banks,
and theie few tho peniant doe not
trust. The house I. not n safe hiding
place, for It Is liable to bo searched at
any time by passing band of Turk,
who do not hrnllato to loot when there
Is anything to he taken, In Bulgaria,
whero reform has been In force ftir
some years, tbe peasant la prosperous,
and tho total amount of coin tnirl.il
In tho flelda la enormous. So fast do
tho ptiiasnt hide the money which
cornea to them that the output of the
Bulgarian mint disappear almoat as
soon as coined,
When the Horn lllow.
A. you rn.ale with sdv. rally mid li
lone th. road
Ketiii your temper .omewli.t Jsniiled
out o' tun. to liwnr tli. load,
An' you very oft.n wonder It lliers'll
itir rom. day
Whtn your labor, will be over au' you'll
h.r. a rliniic. to play,
Keep -J.eklu' up your rournf., fur tk.
time will com. st Isit
Whtn your trial an" your troubl.i'll b.
mem'rlM o' th. pail;
There' a better day- a coinlu' when
you'll dump your .artlily iron,
An' you'll know that you liv. .truck
It vtlicn th. lait horn blow..
Of'ntlmr you feel a .w.lllti' In your
gullet when jmi tnt.t
Willi o millionaire a-rldlu' lu Ida carrlax.
'long th. .treat.
An' th. Jar.lln of ury (Ire. your soul
Whtn you m. hi in on th. road an' you
a ttrurgllu' hi th. rut.
Hlcli a fe.lln o' r.ientm.nt doesn't help
th. ran. a bit,
Do.tii't r.gtilnt. tli. matttr fur to glv.
your teeth a grit;
Though mi liav.n't sot tin bwHll. nor
liU tnllor-rlttfd clothe.
You will b. aa rich h. I. whtn tli.
la.t horn blow..
W. sr. only h.r. n wollln', tort o' klllln'
Wo rtctlv. th. Invitation fur to climb
III. (olden hill,
An' w. hadn't orl to (ruiubl. J' b-
eUM favored few
Har. a knack o' (rabbin tortus, that'.
denied to n an' you,
FIs your rye. nn tli. eternity we'll .titer
by ami by.
I.lf. on earth sln't half mlnut. to th.
tin. n.'lt upend on high
Try to keep th. tear, o' trouble from
a-trlrklln' down your lime,
Fur jou'll hull.r h.lleluyer when th.
lait horn blow.
Tlm Clianoe of a 1'rl.uner.
I entered my office ono morning to
find a ry worn and traveled stained
wnuderer awaiting me. He bad been
a crook ever since ho had been old
rnougb to gain his living, and having
had uo homo Influence eic.pt that
which was evil, be followed tho wrong
path faithfully to hla own ruin. He
luid never doiie Itourat work In bl
life. With no trade, uo character, nu
reference, no friends, and with a
crlmlual paat atamped on hla face,
when bis money wn gono after ho had
been discharged from prison tbe out
look was moat discouraging. Juat nt
till point a polleumnn acted the part
of fate and ran him In, not becausebo
had committed nuy crime but to pre
vent him from doing so.
That night when the door of bis cell
clanged behind him n dorp realization
of his failure swept over him. "Pris
on, prison, la It alwaya aud forever to
to prison?" he groaned, and throwing
himself on his knees, for tho Unit time
lu hW life, bo prayed. The next day In
court, some ono unknown to him said
a good word on his behalf and ho was
discharged. He walked from Iloatou
lo New York aud when I heard tho
story very simply told In his rough
way ho an Id: "Now, Little Mother,
wilt you give me a chance? la tbcro
nny hope for me?" Very gladly did we
bid hi in welcomo.
When be left us It was hard work
he undertook. When tho first pay day
rnmu ho culled at my office, coming In
straight from work In toll-stalncd
clothing nnd his hand bearing the
marks of toll which mean so much to
us. As I rose to greet him ho clasped
my fingers In his two strong hnuda and
with tears tilling hla eyea he said:
"Llttlo Mother. I Juat came to thank
you. I can't tell you what the Iomo
has douo for me, but I want my com
rades to know I nm really grateful."
And then he drew from his pocket a
little roll of bills and prcsalng It In my
hnnds, ho snld: "That Is the first
houcit money I over earned. I want
you to uso It fur the loys who are now
whero I was once." Icllu s Moutbly.
Tramp. In ML.ourl. v
The moment that winter brenks-and
save In tbe high altitudes, winter west
of the Mlastsslppl Is a mild and com
fortable tldng lu comparison with our
Eastern weather the police of St. Jo
seph, Kansas City, Denver, In fact of
all the towns and cities, wago relent,
less war on vagrants. Tho wldo roll
ing prairies, tbo railroads, tbo mills
are all tusntable In their demand for
unskilled labor. Crops rot In the Holds
for lack of harvesters, mills aro Idle
for lack of men to drive the heavily
laden wagons to their doors, The Idle
will not work so long at they can beg
or steal, In tho West they havo little
chancu for either.
On an average fifty men a week are
arrested In Kansas City during tho
months of June, July and August Tbo
police wisely refuso to burden tho city
with their support, ami Instead glvo
these men tbo alternative of going to
work honestly, and for high wages, or
breaking stone for the Improvement of
tho nbomlnablo Western ronds, The
cholco nearly always Is for the hotter
paying labor. Great wisdom Is shown
In tho distribution of these men. Only
one or two ot a gang are sent to any
In tlfo labor camps the tramps havo
n fnl .ilinnnn t.rltl. ....... 1........
I. ..... vi...vw f.,i, luuiq uuill-at M1U11,
Thero Is nothing to distinguish one
fivim tin. ritlms i'.it. titwlnw tin. n n