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About Bohemia nugget. (Cottage Grove, Or.) 1899-1907 | View Entire Issue (Aug. 21, 1903)
Dcntlsta might bo .properly classed
an 'root doctors.
Nearly every llmo n fool make a
kick, ionic wlao rami get the beneflt
If beauty Is only skin deep that may
explain why so many pretty girls are
Where there's n will there's a way-
btit In the mnjnrlty of cases It Is not
the way you will.
An American telegraph has been In-
stnlleil between Boiuo and Naples.
Where was Marconi?
It makes nil the difference In the
world whether you call It "mob law
or "popular self-government"
Mr. Corey has taken up his work as
head of the steel trust. How Ions will
It be before he has to tako to a sani
product "which Khali be fnlsely label
cd or branded as to the State or terri
tory In which they aro made, produced,
or grown." No iwrtlcnlnr department I
of the gorcrnmerit was charged with
the enforcement of this law. Secretary
Wilson however, minks 't .it i o la
could 'be better nulled to his purpose.
and Is making arrangements to rescue
It from disuse and to put It Into oper
ation. Already manufacturers have
begun to submit their labels to the
department of agriculture for Inspee-
Mi n. Of iw if th a-teli I d -
aorlhod by the lalel Is for consump
tion within llio State In which It was
manufactured It dotw not become an
article of Interstate commerce, and It
does not fall within the scope of tho
federal law. iA-t It once pass any
State lKmidary, however, and tho de
triment of agriculture will have the
lwwer to Insist upon a truthful label.
Knbel literature will have to Ik- classed
In the future with the literature of
fact rather than with the literature of
fancy, with history rnthor than with
fiction. The word label will perhaps
cease to be nn exact antithesis for the
word libel. Let all consumers gtve
'hm- naw mjtUf-a mauai n ; iwwjk- p
There are many dirty roads to bo
crossed In life, but with a little pa
tience you will always be able to flud
a clean crossing.
A farmer on hong Island has a hen
Connection with a prosperous Sun
day school In ample time for Christ
mas Is the only thing which yields
returns In any way comparable to the
peniulsltes of tho presidential otllce.
The wealth of presents showered up
on General (ir.int during his famous
trip round the world has not yet been
forgotten. In their Intrinsic value they
with a record of "05 eggs. Of course doubtless surpass the gifts received by
he calls her "Macduff to encourage
her to "lay on." This remarkable fowl
Is valued at $300.
One of our countrymen, returning
after years of residence nbroad. thus
expresses the Impression of "rush" In
our living: "Europeans do the thing
they aro doing; Americans do the
thing they are doing and also the
Statistics show that the average
amount of public schooling per capita
In this country Is DOS days. That Is,
there would be 003 days for each In-
habitant If It were distributed around.
Fifty years agq the average was 420
days and at the beginning of tho nine
teenth century It was but eighty-two
days. The nation gives the school-
' children of today twelve times as
much schooling as the youngsters re
ceived 100 years ago.
Garden nomenclature may be made a
fascinating study for the summer
months. Not ouly do botanical names
"mean something," as a dictionary
search for their derivatives will show.
but the common English names are
full of story. A visitor to a tropical
garden recently asked why the "inon-key-puzzler"
was so named. "See these
spines which cover the trunk of the
tree thickly," explained a native.
sweeping the path. "The puzzle Is
bow the monkey ever gets down."
Now that the farmers of the North
west have begun to raise macaroni
wheat the popularity of macaroni
among Americans onght to Increase.
The Italians have long understood Its
value as a cheap and nourishing food,
but Its use In the United States has
been confined chiefly to the large
towns. With a hundred and fifty
thousand acres of macaroni wheat lu
South Dakota alone last year, and
macaroni mills In Minnesota and North
Dakota, the food ought soon to be as
common as potatoes on the country
any other person who has held the of'
lice, but In mere Quantity the gifts
which President Uoosevolt has receiv
ed are oaid to bo already In the lead.
Americans are always a generous and
hospitable people. They like to en
tertain and they like to give, and par
ticularly they like to glvt to their
President. The largest turkey raised
In the smallest State goes to the Whit
House every Thanksgiving, atxl other
turkeys from other States keep It com
pany. Canes, slippers and curios arc
constantly pouring In. But It Is only
when the President Is on his travels
that the gift dispensing mania has free
play. It would need a long arUcl to
catalogue, as It took a large baggage
car to carry, the trophies of the latest
Presidential trip. Not only did the
States vie with one another In the
value of their tokens, but they also
strove to make tham significant and
typical. In the copper mining regions
the President received beautiful arti
cles made of copper; In the (-old and
silver mining States things made of
tho precious metals; and usually the
gifts were happily conceived. Not al
ways, however. Too often. Just as the
train Is about to start, an old hunter
dashes up. breathless, leading a de
press and bored-looking bear, which
he presents to the President. Too of
ten a delegation beams round the
largest pumpkin, sir. ever raised la
this State." The spirit of all this is
admirable, and of course It Is the spirit
which counts; but one cannot help
wondering If the custom may not make
necessary another addition to the
THE MONROE DOCTRINE.
Br Htlttltw RtH.
Tho things that made the Monroe
doctrine have disappeared. Under stub
circumstances It may be easy after
awhile for us to look over the Monroe
doctrine again In the light of the pre-
em situation of the American continent
and of our present necessities. Wo will
certainly not abandon It; but wo m.-iy
find. If nobody is opposing us. that per
haps Its extension quite so far beyond
the original purtvosc of Mr. Monroe and
Mr. Adams as the fervor of our patriot
has carried It may prove to be attended
with wholly unnecessary Inconvenience to ourselves.
Oh Inn, or at any rate t'hlun and Itussln combined, hold a
position In Asia far more commanding thun that of the
t'nlted States In the three Americas. In both cases the gov
rrnments aro as absolutely committed to the despotic hs
we are to the republican Idea, and there Is no obvious proof
that the overwhelming majority of their people do not be
lleve lu their system as much as the corresponding majority
of our people believe In ours. Suppose China, or China
and Itussl.i together, had taken ground that the Asiatic con
tlnent being entirely occupied by the existing govern
ments, which wen mostly In form and principle like theli
own was no longer a Held for colonisation or conquest by
any American power, and on that ground At the outbreak of
the Spanish-American war had warned us off Manila and
If no foreign Interference arises suddenly to affect the
national Judgment. It Is at least among the possibilities that
we may Bud two changes taking place in the uatlonal view
of the Ideas grouped under the popular term of the Monroe
doctrine. Wo may see a considerable Increase In the
stringency of their application where our Interest clearly
calls for them within the natural sphere of our Intluence.
We may see them slowly moderated as to remote countries
which under changed modem conditions nro no longer ex
cluslvely within that sphere.
Toward the rest of the American continent, beyond the
Gulf of Mexico and the Carrlbcan Sea, It may some day
prove more convenient for us to assume less responsibility.
A railroad through the three Americas will draw us more
flosely together. The currents of trade will change. The
legitimate sphere of our Influenco will thus widen through
out those nations with the years; nnd it might be Increased
rather than diminished by a moderation of our extreme
claim to Interfere now with any exercise of their own sov
ereignty as to territory, government or otherwise, to which
their calm Judgment of their own best Interests may bring
close at hand. The very existence of lumbering, of course
ami lumbering Is tho fourth great Industry of the Hulled
States depends upon the success of our work as a uatlou
In putting practical forestry Into effeetho operation.
As It Is with mining and lumbering, so It Is In only a
loss uegroo wiin transportation, manufactures, coniniorco
In general. The relation of all of these Industries to for
estry Is of the most Intimate and dependent kind. It Is ii
matter for congratulation that so many of these great In
dustries are now wnklng up to this fact; the railroads
especially, managed as they are by men who are com
pelled to look abend, who are obliged by the nature of their
profession to possess a keen Insight Into the future, havo
awakened to a clearer realisation of the vast Importance
or me economic use lioth of timber and of forests.
i lie forest resources of our country nro already seriously
iiepieieu. iney can lie renewed and maintained only by
the co-operation of the forester with the practical limn of
tinsiness in all his types, but, alwive all. with the lumber
man. And the most striking and encouraging fact lu the
forest situation Is that lumbermen nro realising that prac
ileal lumbering and practical forestry are allies, uot one
in'es, and that the future of each depends upon the other.
I lie i nited States Is exhausting t forest supplies far
more rapniiy tiiau they are being produced. The situation
Is grave, and there Is only one remedy. That remedy Is
the Introduction of practical forestry on a largo scale, and
or criirse that Is Impossible without trained men. men
trained In the closet and also by actual Held work under
KILLED TO SAVE HER SOUL.
Statistics of Immigration alone do
not fully show the growth of the Ca
nadian Northwest. One must Include
such figures as those which a Toronto
Globe correspondent sends from Bos-
tbern and Hague, two little towns In
the Saskatchewan country, nearly six
hundred miles from Winnipeg. Four
years ago three car-loads of grain
were shipped from these stations. Last
year they shipped more than a million
bushels, and this year. Judging from
the acreage under cultivation, the ship
ment will be one-fourth larger than
that. The more workers, the more
wheat. What wonder the Old World
peoples flock to the continent that of
fers them food and a home!
Btranre Case of Frederick C. Fischer)
the California Wlfe-Mnrderer.
Frederick C. Fischer, barber, preach
er, political organizer, grand larceny
thief, burglar, highwayman, bigamist,
wife murderer who was hanged at
San Quentln prison for chloroforming,
choking and burning his wife to death,
at Riverside, Cat has been labeled
The Human Mystery."
The puzzling psychological features
In bis case consist of his undoubted
sincerity aa a church member and re
ligious worker wbUe he was also a
thief, both In the East and West for
be has preached In every prison be has
ever been In and of bis desertion of
the wives he did not love and killing
of the only one he cared for.
His story, verified In part, was that
be told bis wife he was a bigamist and
IMPORTANCE 01 PRESERVING THE fORESTS.
Br Thtodon Roostrrll,
There is no body of men who have It In their
power to-day to do n greater service to the coun
try than those engaged In the scientific study
of and practical application of approved methods
of forestry for the preservation of the woods of
the I'nlted States.
The forest problem Is In many ways the most
vital Internal problem lu the I'nlted States. The
more closely this statement Is examined the more
evident Its truth becomes. In the arid region of tho West
agriculture depends first of all upon the available water
supply. Iu such a region forest protection alone can main
tain the stream How necessary for Irrigation and can pre
vent the great nnd destructive Hoods so ruinous to com
munities farther down the same streams that head In the
The relation between the forests nnd the whole mlncril
THE FIRST YEAR 0E M4RRIID LITE.
fir HmlrH nliSttmlA.
lt seems strange that the first month of mar
ried life should lie termed the honey moon. So
far from being wholly sweet, It Is often fraught
with bitter experience; lovers, however devoted,
must adjust themselves to each other ns bus
luind and wife, mid tho process Is not alwnjs
pleasant. It Is the general opinion of those who
know that the first year of wedded life practical,
ly answers the question. "Is marriage a failure?"
and the honeymoon begins the test. Any happily married
couple of a dozen years' standing will doubtless acknowl
edge that the Hrst weeks of their wedded life were those
which were most uncomfortable. The man realises that
he Is bound for good and all. while the bride, cut adrift
from her old life, Is nervous and shy, with the sensations
of a cat In a strange garret. A plentiful stock of good
humor Is nn excellent part of tho equipment for a wed
ding Journey. Annoyances vanish at a laugh, and If one
can make merry over a mishap it cesses to In- such. Men
llko to be amused, and a woman with a strong sense of
humor has an Immense advantage over one who Is less
gifted. As a rule men abhor tears; they either distress
them beyond measure, or they make them angry, and
neither phase of feeling Is pleasant for themselves or oth
ers. When the matrimonial barometer sets for rain most
men Iwlt, If possible.
The honeymoon must Inevitably disclose many hitherto
unsuspected phases of character. The lover w ho has seemed
free handed to a degree may change Into the husband who
haggles over hotel bills and begrudges his wife a lire In
her room upon n damp, chilly day. The girl who has been
ns dainty as a rosebud may Am careless and untidy when
forced to depend entirely upon herself. The man who has
uot appeared to care what he eats may Ih the one who be
rates the waiter and scon Is at his wife when tho dinner
Is not to his taste.
The true secret of happiness In marriage, as In most
relations of life. Is unselfishness. To be effectual th'ls must
be mutual, but even when It Is all op one side, It enables Its
possessor to keep peace, which Is much. and. besides, It Is
a comfort when one has not one's self to Maine. The love
Industry Is an extremely Intimate one; for. as every maul which seeketh her own only can scarcely lie considered
who has had experience In the West knows, mines cannot genuine affection, and the golden text for a young married
be developed without timber usually not without timber! pair Is "In honor preferring one another."
EXPLORING A NEW RIVER.
Provided one can keep afloat a few
minutes, and provided, furthermore.
that somebody gives an alarm, to fall
overboard In mid-ocean does not nec-1
essarlly mean that one must drown.
While a German liner was going at
express speed the otlier day a crazed
coal-passer Jumped from the midship
rail. Some one saw him, an alarm
was raised Instantly, the great vessel
swung on her keel and a boat's crew
got away, and In eight minutes from
the time the poor fellow Jumped he
was In tho life-boat. There need be
no experimenting to test the efficiency
of the arrangements for rescue; but
since accidents do happen, it Is com
forting to know that such system and
discipline are the rule of the Atlantic
One-third of the white voters of
Breathitt coiiuty, Ky., are unable to
rend or write. That county has always
bad a deficit in Its account with the
State. Out of fifty-one felony cases on
the docket at a single term of court
there was not one conviction. Tbera
have been one conviction since the
present governor went Into otllce, but
be has granted pardons In twenty-eight
'cases. That Breathitt county Is "the
dark and bloody ground" of Kentucky
Is not strange, Tho schoolmaster la
not "abroad" there. It Is hard to civ
ilize people without sc!ioollioues. The
courts hitherto have encouraged law
lessness by falling to punish. There
are slgna, howovcr, that Breathitt
county Is beginning to realize that It
has been disgracing Itself and the
State. What It needs to do Is to hang
n few of Its murderers and build some
Bchoolbousos, If It has courage enough
to do this Breathitt county may re
deem Itself, and this may encourage
nomo other Kentucky counties to do
likewise. Thero are twclvo counties lu
that State without a newspaper and
without echoolhouses enough "to say
no." You cauuot gather figs from thistles.
There was a pure food law parsed by
Congress last year. This law forbade
all persons to sell any dairy or food not exceed $0 a week for the family.
feared arrest, asking her to go away
and remain In seclusion while he gave
himself up and served Us time, then
ho would rejoin her and they could
live happily without a recurrence of
tho fear that was then overshadow'
ing him. She refused and, It was
stated, told him sho would commit
suicide If he was arrested.
Fischer said he had figured from the
Bible that not only Is the soul of every
suicide lost, but eternal damnation
awaits those who cause others to kill
themselves, hence, to save both their
souls, be killed her and asked for und
received forgiveness for himself. Ex
perts found he was entirely snne
even exceedingly bright, and that be
was mainly a man of humane tenden
cies the kind of thief who returns
plunder when he finds be has stolen
from the poor.
Fischer was 31 years old. In the In
vestigation of bis case It was found
that his parents, while also church
people, encouraged him to steal as a
child, and that his grandfather was a
Incomes In England.
Of the 41,000,000 peoplo in England
moro than half of them live on an In
come of less than (12 a week, and tbo
earnings of 7,000,000 of this number do
Another White Hpace on Conirn
Uelnit rtllej with Detail.
More than twenty je.irs ago Savor
gnan de Brazza carried a little steam
launch overland between the head
waters of the large Ogowe river and
the upper part of a river on the other
side of the divide, a few miles away.
The natives called this stream the All
ma, and De Brazza believed It was a
tributary to the Congo nnd that he
might steam down the Allma to the
upper Congo far above Stanley pool.
Ills experiment was n great success.
He descended the Allma about 400
miles and finally entered the Congo
where the great river Is several miles
In width. Then he flouted down that
river to Stanley pool, says the New
Meanwhile, Stanley had been labor
iously ascending the Congo, dragging
bis supplies nround 233 tulles of
rapids; and when he reached Stanley
pool he was much surprised to find
the French flag flouting on Its north
ern bank. De Brazza had arrived be
fore blm and was founding the station
of Brazzaville. Ever since that day
a large white space has existed on
the map between tho Allmu and the
Congo. Explorers were too busy else-
where to trace the rivers In the region. 1
At last the Pama river, supposed to bo
WW lUlftint 1UU,U.J u till? .iiuua, uas
been partly explored and a portion of
the blank space an the mop has been
Captain Schecrllnck, agent of Un
commercial and Agricultural Society
of the Allma, has ascended Its Pnma
tributary for a distance of about
eighty miles. The upper part of the
river has also been explored, hut no
one has visited the middle portion.
The river Is about 200 miles lu length,
und Captain Scherrllnck found that
for a part of the way It Hows through
a wooded region In which are numer
ous herds of elephants and buffaloes.
Tho country Is not densely peopled,
but there arc n number of large settle
ments on Its banks, where white trad
ing stations have been established.
men, and lu 1S33 formed a compact
with Benjamin Lundy for the estab
lishment of an escaped slave colony
The men owned n small vessel, and
with It they assisted the slaves to get
away to the place of refuge. They fol
lowed this practice for some years,
und Walker had many harrowing ed
ventures during the time. He was
finally captured In July, lKlt. and tried
before n court at Key West. He was
convicted of slave stealing, and the
Judge sentenced film to pay n line of
suffer seven years In prison,
stand In the pillory for one hour and
RISKED ALL FOR THE NEGRO.
Jonathan Walker, Known as "The
41 on with the Branded Hand."
The twenty-Ufth anniversary of the
death of Jonathan Wulker, "the man
with the branded hand," mado famous
lu song and story, was commemorated
111 Evorgr-Jen Cemetery, .Muskegon,
Mich., where n monument stands to
his memory. Walker, who was com
memorated In verso by John Giecnleaf
Whlttler, risked his till for tho black
slave nnd went to his grave with tho
letters "H, S." slave stealer branded
on his right hand, a grim reminder of
tho sentence of a Judge.
Ha was born at Harwich, Mass., In
17UU, mid became n sailor nt an early
age, Ho remained on the ocean through
bis young manhood, and soon took a
great Interest In tho slavery question,
Ho believed that It was wrong to keep
men subject, and hud the courage of
his convictions. Ho took an active part
la several plans for helping the black
In the diplomatic service. Now through
her Intluence he was stripped of honor
after honor, and felt himself under
the King's displeasure. He still re
mained, however, the colonel of the
Sixth Iteglment, nnd thus retained his
standing nnd Inlllleiiee In military cir
cles. Tho plot being hatched by the
King and Queen for making Col.
I.unjevlcs heir to the throne gnvc him
the opportunity of organizing nnd dl
reeling the conspiracy, which not only
gratified his fcvllng for revenge but
changed the Scrvlnu dynasty. Col.
Musehln Is the minister of public
works In the new government.
NEW IN SPOONS.
WALKKll AMI HIS 1ION11IKNT.
to havo tho letters 8. K. burned on
the palm of his right hand.
Walker paid the Hue, stood In the
pillory, the branding part of the sen
tence was carried out, nnd the suffer
Ing man confined In Jail. There he re
mained for nearly u year until re
leased. He Immediately came North
and took to tho lecture platform,
where he remained for several years,
telling details of tho shivery question.
In 181!.'! he settled lu Muskegon Coun
ty, Mich., and thero died In 1878. Tho
following year u monument was erect
ed to him.
THIRST FOR REVENGE.
Actuated Col, Musehln, the T,eader of
tho Hervlan llevolntlon.
It was thirst for revenge that nctu
nted Col. Musehln, the leader of the
revolution In Servla, In which King
Alexander and his
consort, Drngu, per
ished. Col, Maschlii
was the Queen's
brother, a Bohem
ian engineer, who
In Belgrade, huvlng
been JJragt's first
Col, Maschln nnd
Draga, never very
cot. UABCitw. friendly, had nn
open quarrel, and after Drags became
Queen ho began to feel her displeas
ure. Ho bad been a -man of much
prominence In the state and had been
Heveral Kinds for Hpeclal Purposes
Dieplajred In the hliopa.
Despite the many styles of Individ
tin I spoons now In use. Inventors nro
I continually on the ulert to supply soiuo
jmnu uiiir m-t-u it viiiii i-nii-nw.
A novel housewife's nsslstant la tho
measuring spoon, llko tho ordinary
titaspoon In size, hut marked In tho hot
torn of the bowl with lines nnd figures
to guide her lu proportioning Ingredl
cuts for cooking mixtures. Tho warn
ing labels, one-half, one-quarter, one-
eighth spoonful, are affixed Just ns on
a measuring glass. The siioon Is of
sterling use In the making of gravies,
of puddings, cakes, salads or any
dishes of n nntiiro requiring exactness
In the seasoning.
The measuring spoon Is to bo had
In grades to suit all purses. This Is
the case, too, with tho newly devised
baby's spoon, which Is n very practical
Improvement on the original.
The bowl of tho baby's spoon Is
shaped ns usual, but the handle Is
curved backward and welded to the
end of tho bowl, forming n loop llko
tho loop In the handle of n ring. Tho
looped handle Is Just big enough for
five small fingers to grasp, and a little
fellow making first nltempts to feed
himself can get along much better
with n spoon of this sort thnn one
of ordinary pattern.
Then there Is a new model mils
tnche spoon, n special Ico-crcnm spoon
and an egg spoon for lifting poached
or fried eggs from tho dish. They fill
a manifest need, showing the possibil
ities for additions in the spoon fam
ily, notwithstanding the enormous var
iety of styles and shnpes already In
Tho Caddis ami llio Brook.
Then, what n wonderful collection
nf Interesting things the brook con
tains! One of tho queerest Is that
Uttlu bulging net of tho cnddls ily
among tho pebbles. Tho caddis Is
truly un Insect fisherman, nnd lis net
catches a largo variety of microscopic
niilinuls, JJvcry ono .likes to watch
them. Later our cnddls leaves tho
brook, nnd wo know It as a four-winged
iiioth-llko Insect crawling up some
grass or sedgo or Hying over tho wa
ter. St, Nicholas.
Thoso who work for tho wages of
sin try to postpone the day of reckoning.
A unique Institution Is tho Patholog
lenl Museum at Berlin. This was cs
tnbllshed by Professor Vlrehow, and
contains 'ja.txui preparations of n path
uloglenl kind, with elaborate arrange
ment for preserving, mounting and
studying tho specimens.
Electrical relictions hnve been
found by Ilr. A. 1). Waller, of tho
I'nlverslty of Loudon, to serve ns n
lint of life lu both animal nnd vege
table tissues. In this way he bus Just
shown that bits of human skin for
grafting preserve their vitality at
least two days, often ten days, and
probably sometimes much longer. Aa
confirming this conclusion, It Is men
tinned that carefully preserved skin
has been used after six months, six
teen transplantations out of twenty
two proving successful.
Homo bacteria, large fungi nnd rot
ten wood nro known to glow lu the
dark, but shrubs and flowering plants
nro not usually credited with tho
property of phosphorescence. Dr. II
ileckurtz, however, bus lately dlscov
led an old record of phosphorescence,
u an Indian grass known to tho llrnh-
lulns ns Mlutlslimatl." The account
Is of much Interest to iHitnulsts, but
while the plant has not been Identified
with certainty, It Is concluded that the
observer was led Into error by phos
phorescent bacteria on the grass.
If a llower-pot Is laid oil Its side thn
stalk of the plant growing In It grad
unlly curves upward until It resumes
the vertical position. This Is called
geotroplc curvature, and the question
Is by what menus the plant Is stimu
lated to change Its direction nf growth.
One theory uvers that movable starch
grains lu the plant cells fall to the
lower side as the position Is changed
and by their pressure Influence the
mechanism of growth. Becetitly Fran
els Darwin, In England, has succeeded
In accelerating the tendency of n
plant to curve upward when placed
horliontnlly by subjecting It to the vl
bratlons of a tuning-fork. He thinks
the shock of the vibrations nffects the
movements of the starch grains.
When Mr. Mnrconl started bis great
iower-statlon nt Poldliu. In England,
for the purpose of transmitting wire
less messages ncross the Atlantic,
many feared that the electric waves
from this station would Interfere with
those of shorter range, used In com
miinlentlng between ships nnd be
tween shore and ship. Itecently Pro
fessor Fleming has exH'rliiicntcd with
the Poldliu apparatus, and reports
that his cierltnenls appear to blm to
afford "n complete demonstration of
the truth of Mr. Marconi's statement
that the waves sent out from his ow-
er-stntlons do not and will not Inter
fere with the reception of messages
from his apparatus ns placed on Ixiaril
The railway across the Andes, be
tween Chile und the Argentine ltcpub
llc, which was projected twenty years
ago, is nt last to txi completed, the
Chilean congress huvlng recently pass
el n bill for the purpose. The loftiest
part of the pass, which lies not far
south of the great Andean glnnt. Aeon
cagua, nnd which has an deration of
1.1.000 feet. Is to be lenctrBted by n
tunnel, which will serve both to avoid
snowdrifts nnd to decrease the max!
mum elevation nf the road. The ter
minals of the railway on each side of
the pass are now within ono day's
travel by mule caravan from one an
other. This will be thn first mil lino
to cross the South American conti
wit' such a little khl na tint." tut
Ho tin chartered a bunk for himself
nnd the liaby In nn eight-cent Brook
lyn lodging bouse. Ho tucked tint
.young one under llio quills, warmed
up morn milk for It on tho following
morning nnd ritrred for It generally,
nnd then set out to sell papers, with
the baby on one nrm mid his paper
on the oilier.
Thus Jie nurtured the wnlf for live,
days. Then ho "went broke." Ills I It t In
leservn fund of pennies had all Ihiii
Hnt III "lilowln' do Utile geer.er" his
own words again. He didn't iiiluil tho
constant guvhig of his newsboy com
pnuliiiis, but he found that llio caring
for the baby seriously Interfered wllh
his paper selling business, No he to
Inctanlly cnrrleil the baby to n police
"Sav, snrge," ho snld to the desk ser
gentit on duty, "lake ills liaid luek tad
off mo ban's, will youso? I'm all lu,
nn" dry nlp't noltln' doln' wit" mo slneo
I got de kid, It yells so much dat I
enn't sell mo papes. But, say. surge,
yollse won't give ili kid none do wolst
of It, will youso. hey?" ho added, wllji
great sollellude, and then ho told hi
story of how ho had come Into -session
of llio mile of a girl.
The baby Is now lu a foundling asy
lum, nnd the stiiut-siiuled mid tender-
heart iil newsboy Is back on his Atlan
tic nveuuo corner selling his "pnpe "
He Is selling morn of them, fourfold.
than ho ever sold before, mid hundreds
nf persons who know the story of Imw
ho took rare of the descried baby fur
five days are telling him to "keep thn
change" these days.
NO WHET TO THE APPETITE.
Customs at West Vlriiliilo Hotel Not
Conducive to uoriitandlla-.
riii-re nre districts In the West Vir
ginia mountains where tho people live
In very primitive fashion. Thry llvn
ns did their fathers and do ns they
please, and, says on who has visited
them, "don't care a darn, and where
they carry giui use them with simple
directness." Tho chief nf the cninvrn
clnn has been down lu that locality
and tells of some Interesting expe
riences: "I stepped Into a lunch room
nt one of the mountain stations to get
a cup of coffee.
"Ily the wny, 1 believe Hint they'vo
revived the war custom of making ifif
feu out of sweet potatoes mid burnt
rye. tou know the relm used to ih
Hint when they couldn't get the renl
thing. Anyway the lunch counter euf
fee bad n yam flavor. To the right of
me was nil empty sent. The man who
t thero Just before had trlisl pie mid
did ery well. At least thero re
mained only crumbs mid n knife e.,v
erisl wlili cherry Juice. The limn to
the left of me was tnekllng a ham
sandwich and he called for n knife to
prvad on some liillstnnl The waller
wus n rnwliied inountalmer. I In
slouched forward nnd picked up Ilia
chcrry-slnlm-il knife. First I thought
he was going In swallow It, but tin
was nully only licking off the stains.
nfter which he wiped the knife on his
apron mid delivered It to the bam
sandwich ebnp. The bitter looked nt
me nnd dropped the mustard Men.
A stranger i n me In at this moment
and cnllcd fur a doiiii oysters on the
shell. A moment Inter I heard tho
Imig.gcarrd mountaineer yell to n
small, boy lu n fnr corner: "Wlmr"
tint nlr set o' shells)' 'What set '
shells' grumbled the boy. "Tliini
air shells thet I use for elsters.' 'I
hove 'em nt n purp dnnwu the bill this
innwnlng.' sniffed the boy. The moun
taineer vaulted ovtr the counter, but
the Iniy escaped. The former ex
plained: 'I hain't n got none ' them
nlr shells to put the elsters on. Ton
snrii thet kid!" "Pittsburg IMspnteh.
THI8 NEWSY A HERO
Only a Child, Yet Cared for a He
ertcd llahr Vlrm llaya.
Few stories of the streets of Orenter
New York tiro more pathetic than that
of n little shaver of n nowsboy who
"tolncd In u 4-inonths-old baby girl at
a Brooklyn police station tho other
day. The newsboy had been lugging
the deserted Infant about and caring
for It for live days before he felt Im
polled to pass up the burden that had
been thrust upon his little shoulders.
On a raw and rainy afternoon tho
boy was selling his papers nt hi ac
customed corner of Atlantic avenue, lu
Brooklyn, when a young man nnd
woman, the latter carrying an Infniit,
"Hold this baby for a few minutes,
son," said tbo man, taking the baby
from tho arms of tho woman, who wn
weeping, "nnd I'll give you a quarter.1
"Suro t'lng," said tho newsboy, who
really wnsn't much more than a baby
himself, although, as lie afterwards
put it, nou ueen "nustiiir rm mo
grub" for sovcral years.
Tbo ninn deposited tho Infant In the
newsboy's arms, and then the couple
hurried around tho corner, the woman
sllll weeping. They didn't comn back.
Tho nowslKiy, holding tho baby on ono
arm and his papers on the other, wait
ed for them for hours. Then, ns ho
subsequently explained, "1 got wise
dat dey had done me, but I wasn't
goln' t' shako do kid."
Ho got rid of nil of bis papers be
fore the young ono began to bnwl.
The bawling alarmed him a good deal,
Discovered thn Heerrl.
He Is a young man with n blase nlr,
who would not let anything surprise
him for tint world. As n mailer of
fnct, ho has traveled enough about
the States to be Impervious to sur
prise. The oilier night was tho ex
ception, for when tho young mail
boarded tho train which was to take
him to New York ho found himself
on n compartment sleeper.
Thn young mini knows nlxmt burk
ing bronchos and how to eat aspara
gus vinaigrettes, and what Is tho prop
er thing to say when you trend on n
n womnn's gown, but be didn't know
about compartment sleepers, for ha
had never been lu one before.
He was very much attracted by thn
prospect, however, and be looked
over the ground -with great satisfaction
before getting ready to retire.
"This beats an upper berth all hot-
low," bo muttered to himself.
Then, the purler passing near, hn
called to that functionary. "Come
here," said he, "nnd tell mo how to
turn this on," pointing to a handle In
he wall near the wash stand. "I havo
entirely forgotten how to screw tho
thing, nnd I'll bo suro to want It In
The porter eame ns near smiling ns
a porter ever does. "Yesslr," said he;
"ycsslr, yo' turn hit on ills wny. lilt's
not a water splckett, yo' know; hit's
u place to heat curling Irons."
And after this tho sophisticated
young mini went straight lo bed, but
bo tells the Joke on himself with much
glee, Bait Imoro News.
Mr. Itlldynrd Kltillue's fon,lne rnr
inn no coiiciiiucii inni u was cuio to asking questions has led him occasion-
hunger. So ho went Into n bake shon
and bought tho baby a couple of sweet
buns. lie was a good deal puzzled
when he found that the -l-mmitlis-old
baby wouldn't cat such delicacies as
sugared buns, and ho scratched his lit
tle shock head a good deal over that
situation. Then ho suddenly remem
bered that warm mill; was tho thing
for infanta of the size of the one lie
was packing nround. Out of his earn
ing ho bought a baby's milk bottle
nnd tilled It with wnnn milk that ho
got at a Utile restaurant. . Tho botlle
and the milk made a lilt wllh the baby
girl, und she quliiled down.
'Hie nowsboy was In tho habit of
sleeping In hallways, car sheds and
unused cars, power houses, and old
placo that nfforded warmth and con
cealment, but ho felt Hint, with his
new responsibility, "caiiipln' out." as
ho expressed It, was out of the question.
ally Into tight places. Hn once strolled
Into n bookseller's shop and commenc
ed to turn over some volumes, con
versing nn ho did so,
"Is this good'" bo nsked, taking up
George Moore's "Celibates."
'I don't know; I havo not road It."
icpllcd tho shopkeeper.
"A bookseller," ho said, "and you
don't lend yntir own bonks'"
To which tho other answered Inrtly:
"If I wero a druggist, would you ox
poet mo to take my own drugs?"
Shipping California Orange.
A commercial agent of tho Japanese
government Is in California to iiuika
nn experiment of shipping California
oranges to Japan.
Natural liendaclies nro not In It with
tho acquired kind.
feller cnnbln'f n i , H"10 nlt0 Wl'fU U lu Sight lllld
rciier couldn t eorry do banner , huatlo for more.