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About Bohemia nugget. (Cottage Grove, Or.) 1899-1907 | View Entire Issue (July 31, 1903)
talnttl it tho subtronsnry, where cer
tain numbers of coin wrrn placed In
bags niul weighed hn stiiiKtnril. I'ne
oiample, tlio ataudnrtt amount fur
gold colli 1 n.0t, which weighs ISMi
1oiiiuI. VUn hundred silver dollars'
weigh :WH pojimla, while J'-'OO In
halves, or 4(H) coins, weigh 11 pounds.
Two hundred pounds of coin money
of various kinds Is made up as fol
Iowa; Silver dnllart, 2,I17; half rtol.
Inn, $.1,(13(1; qnarWr dollars, l.l.tloT;
dimes, $3,(11(1,80; nickels, $1)17; penults,
In ft bills the tamo weight would
mount to $71,111.
Throw physic to the neighbor' doss,
farchid giods don't always com
wiiiuu u mill iiricv
Clinrnclcr writes Its' name on a man's
faceln Indelible Ink,
No man can succeed unless he has
fit (tti In his own nullity,
A- successful revolution Is sometimes
but a turn for the worse.
I.ovo that b.is nothing but beauty to
keep It alive Is apt to bo short lived.
It's enrlef to get the best of an ar
gument than It Is to prove that you
Can you fancy a debate on the Irish
hind" "bill developing Into a "veritable
love "least J"
It 'Is easier to be a little man In a
big town that It Is to be a big man In
a little town.
Should Miss Stone Ret $70,000 out of
Turkey she ought to start a bid debt
If the pulpit Is not more careful It
will soon lie supplanted by the pro
as a moral teacher.
A scientist has discovered that hens
lay eggs In the daytime because at
ulght they are roosters.
The new King of Servla smokes cig
arettes constantly. Still he isn't like
ly to be killed by cigarettes.
This Is a wcrM In which the Chris
tian has only to examine himself In
wardly, as his friends are ready to do
It may appear to you that all the
good Jobfare taken, but by the time
you are capable of filling one It will
Never stop to explain yonr actions.
Teople prefer to form their own opin
ions, and besides they wouldn't believe
A feud battle In North Carolina 'was
suspended to allow a picnic party to
pass. Merely one picnic paying Its
respects to another.
If there's .anything In these vacuum
caps advertised to make hair grow,
some, people's skulls must be very
balry on the Inside.
It Is one of the compensations of ob
scurity and poverty that a man does
not have to dodge kodak fiends nor
perjure himself in swearing oS bis
Thomas A. Edison has gone Into
politics, and the people of tho Oranges
are excited. They fear he will In
vent a new political machine which
will baffle the oldest experts. Oh, let
It be soon!
of Iho world was not attempted. Had
the nhrrmnu mw tnvn promptly and
faithfully enforced from the time of rts
enactment tho history nf corn -rs In the
Tinted State would be briefer. We
cannot afford, to substitute despotism
for democracy, but It Is a humiliating
comment on democracy that It has
fnlkd to prevent the erection of a des
potism In commerce as absolute is that
of the Imperial government In Itussla
It fs a fact that no witch waa ever
burned or put to death by fire In So
lent or any other part of Masachu
setts. How the Impression that Cot
ton Mather and his associates had
perpetrated that horror gained cur
rency Is Inexplicable, but It has been
floating around for generations, and
In all probability will "go on forever."
Salem was the scenn of tho trial, con
vlctlon aud execution by hanglug of
persons accused of witchcraft, says
the Washington Star. Gallows hill,
the eminence on which the hangings
occurred. Is perhaps the most Inter
esttng show place In New England.
It may bo doubted If more sincere or
conscientious men ever lived than Cot'
ton Mather and his brethren. They
went to the Bible for their authority,
to the Mosaic law, omitting the Chris
tlan dispensation. That law told them,
Thou .shalt not suffer a witch to
live," vVMrmly believing In witchcraft
acdvhaVlng no doubt that they had
witches to deal with, what were they
to do but to kill them? Prom their
Klnt of view they exercised great hu-
manity In employing the gallows rath
er than the fagot.
It Is not generally known that John
W. Gulteau, brother of Charles J.
Gulteau, who shot Garfield, Is In many
respects the greatest statistician In the
world. Gulteau Is n veritable crank on
figures, but his crankiness Is very prof
itable. Just now the government Is
under contract to pay him $2.1.000 for
certain tabulations. The big Insurance
companies arc his profitable clients.
Gulteau Is the only man who has suc
ceeded In getting Inside the books of
Dun's and Bradstreet's commercial
agencies. It was he who gave out the
startling statement that the books of
these companies contained but 3 per
cent of the names that were there
twenty years ago! What a pathetic
story of the premature deaths and
business failures of twenty years.
Hut here Is more of the same
sort I Gulteau
i ... ,,,,,. .. ""
OPINIONS OF GREAT PAPERS ON IMPORTANT SUBJECTS
A Combination of farmers.
N organization called the American Society of Equl
ty, consisting of farmers and having its hendquar-
tors at Indianapolis, has Issued a bulletin to the
farmers of the West advising them that, by means
of co-operation. It Is easily polble to make $1 per bushel
the minimum price of wheat during the coming season.
The executive authority of tho American Society
of lenity believe that It Is easily possible. If the farmers
will but exercise a small degree of solf-restralnt, to have
(he price of wheat In Chicago range from $t upward
though the advice I given not to luslst upon more than
$1. for the reason that to hold for higher prices would
lead to a great accumulation of tho wheat supply In this
country, which would havo n disastrous effect when the
time came to market the uext harvest.
An obvious difficulty In carrying out a plan of this kind
Is the Impossibility of securing concerted action among
hundreds of thousands of Individuals widely separated
from each other and having little or no Immediate Inter
communication. It also has to be borne In mind that the
command we liave of the markets of Kutvpe for the dls
posal of our wheat Is a conditional one. If these were
a failure of the crops In the great gralu-growlng countries
of the world, of course, our wheat growers. If they had
been fortunate, would be In a poslNon to ask almost any
price In reason which they saw fit to demand, but when the
wheat crops of the grout grain-growing countries aro sat
isfactory in quantity our sales arc predicated on a willing
ness to take the same price that others are asking for
equivalent supplies. lloston Herald.
Advice on Hotv to Succeed.
HEHK arc some faint signs of a waning In the epi
demic of advice on how to succeed. It Is futile
enough, as a rule, for one man to give advice to an
other In a particular case when bis advice has beeu
sought and when he knows all the main facts. Itut what
an utter waste of time for one man to advise an Infinitely
large and wholly unknowu audience of all ages, condition!
and aptitudes. And upon such a subject as succeut What
Is "success?" Does anybody know? Can anybody tell?
Is It to earn $10,000,000 and lose friends, family life and
health? Is It to become President or Senator and lose
manly self-respect by truckling to bosses, lying about one's
real views on every Important question and making one's
self a mere voting mnchluc to register the will of an In
terest or a combination of Interests In control of the cam
paign committee and therefore of the party? Is It to write
world Is through work, plenty of hard work, and that to
Induce any man to work there must be compulsion com
pulsion of responsibility or compulsion of necessity. Yet
who believe It lu the bottom of their hearts? Not many.
a book to catch the crowd a book one must anoloclr.o for
says that of the to all one's acquaintances? Or Is It merely to keeD one's
men of this country who live to self-respect, to work conscientiously at the task In hand
be CO years of age SO out of every
100 are absolutely dependent upon oth.
and to care not a rap for consequences? When Shakspenre
made Wolser sar. "Hlns nwav ambition." he was rxnr.
era for a living. That is an appalling ing something more than the bitterness of a soured sud
revelation. Of every 1,000 human stricken statesman. Whenever a man entertains an nmbl
barques that -with precious argosies set ( tion beyond the development of his own Intellect and cbar
buoyaut sail 800 are wrecked on the lccr. doesn't he mount himself unon a. steed that has never
coasts of business failure. Failure! rot been broken to bridle?
Eight of every ten who fight In the; what the devourcrs of. advice on success are really
business arena bite the sawdust. For t.vini? u unmeihini- ther run never rt,ii,, ,, . ,
men do light to-day as they fought In wtnout work. At bottom all tho envy of tho well-to-do In
the arena at Itome and Antloch. And ,h(, iw,.nm. nf h nnt.noti.tn.rto i. !,.,! , .
SV . e JSLT ,? 0U- or,work. The rich man Is not envied for his cares, for his
defeated. Why? Because of competl-1 responsibilities; the facts that he has to work and to worry
tlon Because of extravagance, bad wltl)ollt cca9ns that he never na, R , , f f
habits and many, other tings. But ' spons!blllty of some sort, are absolutely ignored. AH the
largely. because of speculation. Ln, thhlV, , .,.. Hn(1,n., h ,.
Satlstlclacs figure that It costs $1.17
to stop a train golug at full speed.
And one of the worst ways to attempt
to make the train hesitate Is to grab
the rear rail on the last coach and
hold back. Then the expenses are
Small American towns and cities
ought to be Interested In a report made
by the United States consul nt HaiiiU
ton, Ontario, on the paving In that city.
He says that tar-mac.idam roadways
have been built In the business part
of the town for sixty-eight cents r.
square yard, and that they are almost
as good at the end of four years an
when first made. Either asphalt or
brick costs two or three times as much,
and Is not so durable.
In bygone times It was the practice
of the Newfoundland coast folk to ap
propriate everything they secured from
shipwrecks, but this lawlcssntss had to
be sternly repressed. Now the un
written rule Is that tbey get "half their
band," or CO per cent, as salvage. In
portable and valuable articles, such es
silverware, there Is still a strong temp,
tatlon to keep the whole, but the pun.
Isbment Is severe. Champagne, liquors,
cabin stores and the like hare also
a trick of disappearing, and In the
poorest fisher's cottage you will come
upon rare china, dainty napery, sil
verware of price and wines to tempt
Physicians ure calling attention to
the alarming Increase of pneumonia.
Figures complied by the health com
missioner ot Chicago show that In 1000
the disease stood side by side with
consumption, as regards the number
of deaths throughout the whole coun
try, and that since then the mortality
rate in the one has Increased and In
the other has fallen. Pneumonia, there
fore, may now be said to have dis
placed the "great white plague" as the
most terrible human scourge. Good
evidence of the highly communlcablo
character of pneumonia comes from
Chicago, where thirty-eight cases oc
curred among tho three hundred em
ployes of the county treasurer's office,
and eight resulted fatally. The evi
dence of contagiousness Is In one re
spect encouraging, for It will lead to
tho establishment of the same safe
guards as those which hare checked
They do some things better In Rus
sia.' The Standard Oil Company un
dertook to corner petroleum at Baku.
A Rockefeller agent got control of all
the' rolling stock and sent the price
up. All the visible supply was kept
under perfect control until tha roll
way authorities telegraphed to the Im
perial capital for Instructions. An Im
mediate reply was returned that If de
livery were not ordered within twenty
four hjur4ho tanks ready for haul
nge should' be emptied on the railroad
tracks nnil returned "for fresh filling
at Baku, subject to open market con
Irol. Tho comer In petroleum was
conrlnclngly broken and a repotltion
of U) business so familiar in this part
get-rlch-qulck swindles at New Or
leans and St. Louis. Men. women
and children all were trying to get
something for nothing. And there
is gambling on the board
where the maelstrom swallows men
alive. The wheat pit Is only thirty
feet across. But It has swallowed
whole fleets of business cargoes.
It Is only a few feet deep, but It has
let thousands of souls down to Hades!
The man who Is doing well becomes
dissatisfied. He reasons: "I work like
a slave and save a few dollars. So
and so makes dollars where I make
cents. He runs the risk. Why should
I not venture?" And before he knows
It be Is in deep water and unable to
swim. We are a nation of specula
tors. The craving for wealth becomes
a disease. Men are money drunk.
This Is not rhetoric. It Is fact. Gov
ernment and Insurance companies pay
men like Gulteau large sums of money
for disclosing this real history. He who
runs may read It
It Is Impossible to convince him that he Is mistaken Jsst
as It Is Impossible to convince the average human being
that he would not. and could not, endure It to change places
with 'the King of England and Emperor of India union
f . IT j he had been bred from childhood to tho dull life of royalty,
or trade It ( eagjr t0 reaion raen lnto ueef jn tue multiplication
Aira tntTj .. .... . .. ..
tame ena tne law or gravitation. The lmpojsll)e begins
when one seeks to demonstrate the propositions about life
that are "plain as the nose on your face." There Isn't room
for doubt that the only escape from wretchedness In this
TWO SUITS TOR CHILDREN.
Man-Made Moods and Desolation.
KFOIU2 mVi there nas a good boating stage of
water through the open season In the Western rlv-
rrs. llils ranged In the Ohio and Mississippi from
twelve to fifteen feet. Now, In nearly nil the rivers,
there are periods when the water Is very high, and other
periods when It Is very low,
Forty years ago the smaller rivers and streams In Ohio,
Pennsylvania, and New York many of them fed by
springs had ' regular flow the year around, and were
full to the banks. The man who returns to his old home
In these States now finds these creeks and rivers almost
dry lu the summer and raglug torrents In the spring.
Many of the springs famous forlv rears ago are no
longer In existence'. . Streams that then gave a regular
supply of water to hundred of farms are now In the
summer time simply a series of pools. Even In our largest
rivers In the dry season there Is scarcely water enough for
navigation, while In tho spring come great floods like that
recently raging In the Missouri ind Its tributaries.
There Is a reason for this change. Fifty years ago the
native forests In Ohio, Pennsylvania and New York wera
In their wild state. The trees hid not been cut and the
underbrush had not ben cleared away. Now these forests
havo all been cut Where there were square miles of forest
there are now square tulles as hire of trees as tha prairies
Forty years ago the headwaters of all our great river
systems were In highlands covered by trees. Gradually In
roads were made upon these forests, and the mountains In
which are found the fountains ot the Ohio Hirer system
are now denuded. In the mountain regions at the sources
ot the Missouri and Its tributaries two-thirds ot the timber
has been cut In Wisconsin and Minnesota, on the head
waters ot the Mississippi, 00 per cent of the trees have
Had the forests on the mountains and foothills not
been cut or been destroyed by great forest fires, the snow
would not have melted quickly and the heavy rilntall
would, In part, have b"en retained In forest linds. Under
present conditions, however, the thousands of mountain
streams ran with overflowing banks to the rivers, and the
great river became a terrific agent of destruction. Chicago
Warning to Strikers.
E all know from past experiences that It Is
quite possible for the members of a great com
munity. In all except their food supply, to sub
sist when the outputs of mills and fnctorles are
reduced to less thafi half of the amount which It Is possi
ble for them to produce. But such a shutting-down means
that the great mass of the age-earners are no longer
in receipt of earnings which rise In any degree alwve what
Is necessary to merely maintain existence. Under such
conditions the operatives In American factories are niado
to realize by painful personal experience that there are
other quallflcatkins besides the better rate of wages and
the minimum hours of dally work In determining whether
their condition Is or Is not a satisfactory one. The man
who can And work only for one-third to one-half of his
time Is ordinarily hard pressed to support his family, and
hence w would suggeirt to the labor organizations that,
while their demands In many Instances may be Just ones
and worthy ot determined malnfenance, such demands
should be made with discrimination, and that sympathetic
strikes, which disarrange trade, should be deprecated, and
not advocated. We say this because It Is easily ponslble,
by an. extension of the troubles we are now having, to so
paralyze Industry as to bring what Is known as business
prosperity to n prompt nnd for soma years to come, an
effective ending. '-Boston Herald.
I TAKING "A DAY OrF."
A party of friends, men whose pro
fessions leave them little time for rest
or amusement went Into the country
for a twenty-four hours' holiday, reso
lutely determined to free their minds
for that length of time from all Ideas
connected with their work.
"There's to be no talking shop," said
tho lawyer, "on penalty of exclusion
from the company," and every one
agreed with blm.
The morning .was spent In a long
tramp along country roads; then came
a hearty dinner at noon, followed by
another tramp, which was brought to
a close by a heavy shower. The com
pany returned to tho Inn where they
were to pass the night and found a
bright fire awaiting them.
"Now let's havo an evening of quiet
enjoyment with these books," said the
doctor. "I see there arc a number here
of which I've heard and that I haven't
read. What do you say?"
Again every one agreed, and pre
sumably there was no sound In the
room save the crackling ot the Ure, the
soft rustle of the pages of book or
magazine, and an occasional contented
"Look here!" said the lawyer, sud
denly. "What's that the doctor's got
lmdde bis book"
"Eh!" said the doctor, hurriedly
thrusting a small red book and a pencil
Into bis pocket. "I my mind had Just
wandered to a case of well, never
"Come, now, all of us own up what
No. 1 displays a cblc plsld linen'""" ' .J' s . i"wr'
n..inn ,in,,, .nit fn- n iit.t. w aim ii iuereuion apjieareu mat mo
from four to seven years of age. No. 2 ehoolmster bad discovered an educa
shows a white duck sailor suit trim-, l0Ml port among the magazines and
mod with turkey red stltchcry and w "dlng it, and banker had been
braid. The tie Is of red silk. The ; tdylng the stock exchange reports,
suit Is suitable for a boy from seven alul the clergyman had a slip of paper
to ten years of age.
Lithographic Ntono In Greece.
One of the rarities of the earth is
the fine-grained limestones used for
making lithographic plates. The quar
rlea at Solenhofen, Germany, are eel
ebrated not only for the excellence of
their lithographic stone, but also be
causa remarkable specimens of the ex
tlnct flying reptile called the archae-
opterlx have been found embedded h?
the (done. News now comes from
Athens that large deposits of this
stone havo been discovered In Thcs-
saly, not far from Pharsalla, where
Pompey the Great was defeated by
Julius Caesar, Some experts say tbls
Greek stono Is superior to the best
heretofore known In Europe,
A man's avoirdupois has nothing to
do with his greatness or smallness.
Good resolutions and squalling ba
bies are all right If carried out
"How about you," said the doctor,
turning to the legal member of the
party. "Have you really been reading
"I have." said tho lawyer, handing
him the hook, "Shako It and neo jf
I've concealed any papers."
"No, you haven't," admitted the
doctor; "but the magazine seems to
open naturally to this article, my
friend," and he soberly passed tho
magazine to tho clergyman, who road
aloud; "Some Curious Cases of Cir
cumstantial Evidence In Criminal
Trials." Youth's Companion.
THE FARMER IS A TYRANT WHO
COULD NOT WELL BE SPARED
NINE times out of t
rant." said a suhurt
"It's a fact; I'm a
en when you scratch a farmer you scratch a ty-
uhurbau man who always has a new theory In his vest
a former's grandson, a farmer's son. and a farmer
myself, so I know what I'm tnlking about To own land nnd havo sole
control of everything his eye lights on Is what makes a man a tyrant. The
man who bosses farm bands all tiny, nnd who bosses horses, cows and pigs
from morning till night, naturally gets to bossing his wife nnd his sons nnd
daughters, 'tie Is czar of his small mral Itussla, and It takes a firm hand
to hold blm down. That's why so many farmers hnvo fends with other
farmers In their neighborhood so many czars naturally come lu conflict and
"More thon any other man In the world," continued the amateur preach
er, "the man who lives In the country needs a good, firm-handed, high
tempered wife to hold him In, nnd make him behave himself. Every farmer
who will tell the truth will tell you this. The farmer's wife must bo a good
fighter for she has. In mott cases, lots of tights to fight. She has to fight
for her chickens the tyrant-fanner always tries to meddle with his wife's
chickens; she has to fight for college (-durations for her sons nnd daughters
she has to fight for all their privilege nnd pleasures. The average farmer
never can understand why his children don't love farm life as well as he
does. The fanner's wlfo lias to keep peace bet n en him and his nclghhurs
he has too often to contend to get a horse to go to town with on little
pleasure Jaunts of her own. Oh, these things aro all true. In too many
"The farmer Is a fine fellow, nnd the world couldn't spare him, but he
does love to boss to beat the band. Two of my daughters havo married
farmers, and I put mischief Into their heads In good season and taught
them how to hold their own. A man respects n woman who won't let him
have his own way too much. My wife has regulated tne until I'm pretty
respectable and that's why I see all these things. Most farmers are big
tyrants-yes, sir." Detroit Freo Press.
A SUPEn3TITIOU8 PEOPLE.
Characteristics of Inhabitants of the
In bis article on "Our Appalachian
Peoplo" In Hnrpef's Magazine, Julian
Halph tells of the curious shyness of
these people ot tho Cumberland moun
tains, and of their fear of anything
new and advnuced:
"Incidents illustrative of some of
theso traits are the following," ho
says: "A man living on Hcll-for-snr-
tain creek, refused to allow his sick
baby to be taken to a hospital at
Derea college, 'because,' bo argued, 'If
she's a-goln' to live, she'll git well,
anyhow, I reckon, nnd I don't guess,
If she's a-goln' to die, nothln' we kin
do won't save her.' Again, n man on
Bullskln creek. In explaining why his
child died said that 'no one couldn't
make her take no medicine, She Just
wouldn't take It Hho was a Baker
through and through, and you never
could make a Baker do nothln' he
didn't want to do.' A mountaineer In
Tennessee heard his wife complain
that, no matter how hard she churned,
nnd no matter what sho did, she could
not make butter come that day. 'That
thar's Nance Clay's doln's,' said the
husband. 'I'll soon fix her.' Ho pro
ceeded to draw tho figure of n woman
on a Bhcet of paper, and when It was
finished he marked with an oval the
placo where her heart would be. Ho
pinned tho paper on the wall of bis log
cabin, melted a silver coin Into the
'form of a bullet, took down his rlile
nlmcd nt tho drawing and shot tho
bullet through the oval. Ho believed
that a neighbor named Nancy Clay
presumably an aged spinster of
shrewdlsh temper of meddling disposi
tion-had bewitched tho milk, and that
oy snooting tier through the heart In
tho drawing be could causo her to
sicken and die. This Is n very an
clent notion, found In one form or
another among the red Indians, the
negroes, tho Asiatic, and many Other
Hnolllng a I'lirsse.
In her "Letters From the Holy Land"
I.ady Duller protested vigorously, al-
ttiougn vnituy, against the Introduction
of railways Into Palestine.
Every yard of thnt small and beauti
ful country Is precious In her eyes, and
that Its echoes should be awakened
by n snorting locomotive Is, she be
lieves, abhorrent to reverent persons.
Sho scores a point with her state
ment that nn express train could run
In two hours "from Dan to BeerHhehu,"
which cuts down tho significance of
the familiar association of the two
places so thnt there seems to be noth
Tim Way to Court,
"Well," said the young lawyer, "1
pleaded my first suit yesterday and
"You don't say?"
"Yes, congratulate mo, old man, I'm
engaged to Miss Love." Philadelphia
Tho national bad habit Is not steal
ing, drinking, gambling or looting, but
plain, every-day exaggeration.
Yarmouth, England, exported over
S72.000 Ixirrels of cured herrings to
the continent during the put year.
Wiytrlna monocles, the latest fashion
for ladles, a erne recently started In
Paris by ladlss of the Servian oiony,
Is extending to Ixuidon.
Manr thousand dollars' worth o
railroad tickets wera under water In
tho Union depot. Boll your truispor-
' tatlon. Kansas City Star.
Gen. Joubert's chair, made of ebony,
hok horns and hides, and raptured
from his Issuer at I.lMbon, near Ly
denburg. Is now treasured by I.Uut,
Col. Urmston, at OUnmroveu, sound of
The Worshipful Company of Gold
smiths has presented to Iho Univer
sity of Iondon the whole of ths valua
bio library of economic literature
which It purchased Minn ten years ago
from Prof. Foxwell.
The South McAlester (Indian Terr!
lory) News relates that a negro crttul
imI In the Choctaw nation wis m lsa
ly scired by being irrested that lit
turned an ashen gray, and hat ntvtr
recovered his proper color.
ICIng Edward's proficiency at a II n
gulat was strikingly illustrated during
his recent visit to Paris. At a private
dlrtntr given by M. Loube, the French
President read a very formal speech
The King of England got up Immedt
itely after and delivered without a
note an admtrablt speech In French.
German newspapers mtntlon among
tht signs of the Hint a recent an'
noitneeinent regarding Hugo 7,u Ho
henlohe-Oehrlngen, the flrK German
prince who has turned merchant. With
a merchant named Scbode lit has form
ed a company, with a capltil of 175,
OilO, for using oil to lay the dust In
M. Fremlet, the French sculptor, has
received a commission for a monu
ment, to be erected In Paris, In memory
of the pigeons which carried messiges
during the siege. At Its eommtuct
ment the Institution of the pigeon post
was of marked service, ind thousinds
of letters and dispatches wero sent out
from Paris hy this means.
Tho Itock Island Hallway keep one
ot tho largest supply houses In tht
I'nlted Btntctt. In Trenton. Mo. Tht
fhlnments from this "store" are snld
to exceed the combined sales of all oth
er business houses In Trenton. It fur
nlshes supplies to every point on tht
line hetwen Muscatine, Iowa, and
Missouri river points. Kansas CUy
Secretary Shnw, of the Treasury De
partment, has distanced all endeavor
In beautiful covers for reports to ( on
gress. Ills annual statement was top
prd by an exquisite creation In mo
rooeo. with gilt flllgrve work, as tint
as tho bookbinders of the government
could supply. The daintily prepared
pages, detailing Treasury transactions
and policies for a twelvemonth, wero
tied up In equally beautiful red rib
bon, with the loveliest kind of bow-
knots. Washington letter.
David N. Selleg, who has Just died
at Northport, Mass., though blind since
childhood, mailt a fortune as a bust
ntss man and Inventor. In 1831 he bt
gan In a small way the manufacture of
tnattrenes. The business growing, ht
began to make furniture. He Invent
ed now styles of chairs and furniture
and went so far as to design and car
ry out machinery for their manufac'
ture. Ills sciiso of touch was so won
derful that he could detcrt-the slightest
flaws In articles niado lu his factory.
Tho railway across the Andes., be
tween Chill nnd the Argentine repub
lic, which was projected twenty years
go, Is at Inst to be completed, the Chil
ian congress having recently passed a
bill for the purpose. Tho loftiest part
of tht pass, which Hon not far south
of the great Andean giant, Aconcagua,
and which bat an elevation of 13,000
feet. Is to be penetrated by a tunnel,
which will serve both to avoid snow
drifts and to decrease the maximum
elevation of the road. The terminals
of the railway on each side of the pass
are now within ono day's travel by
mule caravan from one another. This
will bo the first rail line to cross tht
South American continent
HER WEIGHT IN GOLD.
An Ordlnnrr Woidih Isn't Worth no
Very Much Afltr All.
'The weight of money Is very de
ceptive," siiys an employe of tha sub-
treasury. 1'or Instance: A young
man came In here one day with a
young woman. 1 was showing them
through tho department and happened
to ask Jokingly If he thought the girl
was worth her weight In gold. Ho
assured ma that ho certainly did think
ho, and after learning that her weight
was 100 pounds we figured that sho
would bo worth In gold coin $28,047.
Theyouug man was fond enough ot her
to think that was rather cheap.
Another thing- that deceives many
people," he continued, "Is the weight
of paper money. Now, how mnriy one
dollar bills do you think It would take
to weight as much at a five-dollar gold
On a guess tho writer said fifty, re
ports the New York Mall and Express,
and the clerk laughed.
I have heard guesses on that," he
said, "all the way from fifty to GOO,
and from men who have handled
money for years. The fact of the mat
ter Is thnt with a five dollar gold pleco
on one scale you would Imvo to put
only six and one-half bills In the other
to balance It."
The question afterwards was put to
several friends of the writer and elic
ited answers ranging nil tho way from
twenty to 1,000, tho majority guess
ing from 200 to BOO,
railing tho weights of gold coins
and hills given nt the subtrensury, It
was figured that a $ft gold pleco weighs
200 of ,au ounco nvcrdupols, Tho em
ploye at the treasury who handled the
paper money said that 100 hills weigh
four nnd one-half ounces. That would
mnko ono bill weight .01.1 ot an ounce,
and between six and seven bills would
balance tho gold piece,
AUNT" PATTY'S WHEEL.
Italia llaaltr Msk mi Unsiirrtstfnl
Hid for It.
A Northern Mdy who went South
with a pocketful of money, In the
hopt of picking up precious antiqui
ties, vlsltod ths old Hampton enisle.
There, tiyi the New York Herald, she
found magnificent mahogany furni
ture, mirrors from England and
Krauce, and priceless bits of cut glass.
Hut none of these treasures wis for
talo. Their present owners cling to
thsm, not In ths least for thtlr value,
but is links which bind them to tha
Even Aunt Pitty, an old negrets
who lives In a llttlo rabln among tho
ruins of former nuthouses, has her
own loyalty to her small belongings,
Hht had served the Hamptons, all her
lift. On tht day of the Northern lady's
visit Patty wna busy at n quaint old
"Won't you sell me that wheel,
Annt Patty?" pleaded the visitor.
"No'm," tuumbtcd the old woman,
shaklug her head. "I spins dn yarn
ilat maktt my woolen stockings fo'
dt winter, on dat wheel."
"But I will give you all the nice
warm stockings you want"
"An I spins dt yam fo my grand
chlllen. I makes my llvln' splniilu' da
yarn on dat wheel."
To every Inducement the shook her
"My nit an' my grnn'ma befo', dey
use dls wheel. No'm, I cyan't sell It."
I-atrr, the visitor hesrd from a
neighboring colored woman the state
of Annt Patty's nuances.
"Oh, she don't want for nothln :
was tht woman's comment. "Why,
sometimes aha gets nt much as a dol
lar a week!"
Up In early morning light.
Mwiaplnr, dusting, irttlnf right.
Oiling all ths household springs,
Sswlng buttons, tying strings,
Ttlllng llrldjirt what to do.
Molding rlpa In Jntinnlo't shoe,
Itunnlng up ind down th stslr,
Tying baby In her ehslr.
Cutting meat snd iprrsillng bread,
Dishing out in much prr head,
Eating n sho rail, hy chance.
Giving husband kindly glsucr,
Tolling, busy life
Smsrt worn n,
Dsn ronws homo at fsll of night.
Home so chtsrful, nrst snd bright
Chlldrtn mtrt him st the door.
Pull at him snd look him o'rr.
Wits oski him ho" dsy hsa gout,
"Busy Hint with us at hoinsl"
Supper done, Dsn rrsds with esse
Hippy Dsn, but one to plrsse;
Chlldrrn mini he put to brd;
All tht little prayers irs mid,
Llttls shoes sr placed In rows,
Bedclothes tucked n'rr litis toes.
Busy, iTtsrlnx life
Dsn rssds on snd falls saleep
Set ths Hointn softly creep;
Biby rests it tail; poor dear.
Not word her hesrt to cheer,
Mending bsiket full to lop,
Stncklngi, shirt and llttls frock;
Tired eyea slid nesry lirnln,
Slda with darting, Ufly pain;
"Nover mind, 'twill psss awijr,"
She must work hut never plsy;
Closed plsno, unuaued books,
Done the wslka to pleasant nonka,
Brlghtneaa faded out of lift
Upstslrs, losing to and fro,
Kerer holds the woman low;
Children lrander, free to plsy,
When snd where they will to-day;
Bridget loltara dinner's cokl;
Dsn looks snilous, cross ami old;
Household screws atl nut of plsre.
Lacking one dear, patient face.
Steady hands so tried and true.
Hinds that knew Juat what to do,
Never seeking rest nor play,
Folded now and laid away.
Work nf six in one short life
Kate Tannstt Woods,
HarTroit lu tbn Kluiliou.
Saffron Is a cooking Ingredient that
the average cook knows llttlo about.
It Is used chiefly In this country for
coloring confectionery, with tho excep
tion of Spanish rcstuurniits, where
neurly every dish Is tinged with saff
ron and flavored with It. It Is to I mi
found at the shops wbera different Im
ported delicacies are to be hud mid
coatt what seems n fabulous amount,
70 cents an ounce. It U light, feathery
stuff, and looks llko a dellrnte grass
of a dark-red or burnt ornnge color. It
Is made of the stigmas of tho flowors
of the saffron plant. It takes 4,000
blossoms to make an ounce, and tbero
t reason for Its being expensive. It
requires but a very Hinall pinch to sen-
son a dish. Tho Spanish usa It with
rice. New York Times,
To the Bitter Mud.
Whether there Is any foundation for
the prejudice nf women luborers In
England against tho female labor In
spector Is Immaterial. Tho prejudice
exists, says the Queen, nnd Is some
times displayed In strictly fcmliiliiu
In England, where legislation Is con
cerned with laundries, n female In
sptclor, after much argument, pcMiind
ed tho brad of it small establishment
to show her over the premises. The su
perintendent throw open the dixit' pf n
Klealulng kitchen In which there wirii
some hnlf dozen wnshn women brn llu
"Lnillcs,'' he snld, In a drniiintlit
voire, "n womnn from Iho goverimiojit
to seo you!"
Ilmliioo Wulghi or Gun, '
In tho manufacturing ot cannon, Iho
tendency U toward reduced weight nf
gun and projoctlln and Increased muz-
On tho proposition of how much zle velocity. This gives udded rniigo
money ono can lift,- figures were ob-, nnd penctTatloii,