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About Bohemia nugget. (Cottage Grove, Or.) 1899-1907 | View Entire Issue (Feb. 27, 1903)
A Tale of tho Early Settlers I
Y AUSTIN O. DURDIOK
"Hpenk Id imc, I,oiili.," uttered (lull
part, now "in-nkliiir inilcklv and enu-crly,
"mill It'll me If you have forgotten tlioan
worda I used to apeak. Hare )ou for
"Nit- not Him."
'Then Id inn speak llicm niinlll. I.ct
liil now speak llicm as ollu who knows
the ways of life; uii.l to olio who can
Judge for hcraelf of tliu deep meaning
that pAaaltig yeara Iiaro itluu to nil those,
rmiitliiiin Hint linto outlived tho deatroy
Iiik wenr of IIimc. Iii Urn heart where
thine IninKtt was IImi t uahrliicd, nono oth
er haa uviir eniiio. I lttive chtirlahcd your
"awcet face, ami In liiiiiihlii proycr hnru I
begged that I inlnht nee foil ones inoro
'on earth. Ami, lit times, 111 ioiiI has
been vllil enough In It flights of hope
In ph-tuni Hint 0110 mint holy thought of
all-llfe-iililon with tliu dearly loved ouiC
hen injr feci first touched these shores,
I dreamed not Hint I wad nenr to I live.
Hut I fouiiil you, nml hero I ant ine down
to pray with inure of hope, and to hopu
with morn of iiromlae. Ami now, Iiulae,
let me nak you, na I have osked you n
hundred times before, will you lis my
"(loupart, I linn- 11 father whoae every
rnrthly wish la for (he good of Ma chil
dren, nml not for worlds wouhl lI "
"I understand," until Nt. Denis, aa Ills
ninlilru hcaltuted nn.l atnppeil. "Ami bo
aaatired Hint I wouhl not nak, eren for
life Itaelf at thy linmla, against thy no
ble fnlhcr'a wlah. Hut auppoae. I ak
llllll nml h lihla inn lilkl! jiill)"
"then I mil hy lila permission only
what In heart I have been for years."
A ahorl time, longer those two aat there,
ainl their Honla had a aulenui, prayerful
raat, iirh na tunrka the hollrat urntltinlo
of the hiiiiinn aiiul; ami aa they walked
tuwanla the hollar, I hey apnke not of His
subject upon which their life Joya hung.
It waa already ilutk when they reach
eil the halt, nml while Imtilae went to re
lume her mocraalua, Rt. llrnla. went to
eek Ilrloli Ht. Jullvli. lie f onri.l hi in 111
"How now, (loupart?" rrieil Hut oll
man, aa Ma young trleinl rook a teat.
"What haa happened? Any more In
diana? What on earth makes you look
"It la n ileep ami aoher subject which la
on my mlml," answered the youth.
"Then out with It, for I am father eon
Ht. IK nla know tho mnniula too well t'
hesitate, ami lie apoke boldly ami to tho
"My frleml," he anhl, "Hint I lore et
ry member of your Immediate family
inuat U appanut to you; but you will
not be Jealoiia If I nlao Inform you Hint
my lor for Ionise la rather stronger
than for any one viae."
Ht. Jlillen aroso nml place,) Ma ha nil
upon the youth'a henil, nml, while big
teara gathered In hla ryea, he aalil:
"(loupart, my noble boy, you have
mail me the happiest of men. (), I hare
prayed for tlila moment many a time,
ami now it haa come. A mom all my uc
lualntnurin, you were tho only one to
whom my hopra ronli turn. inu alinn
take my chihl, ami you aliall tnke inc.
I am growing Imy, If uot old, nml nut
much lonner will Hlmmi remain with me."
"Ah," uttered tho youth, with a look
of relief, "la Kluioii going?"
"Yea. lie laii't Juat the man for mo.
I will not have dlaaciialon, ami ao wo
keep peace; but yet much of my nephvw'a
conduct makea me nerroua. 1 do not llku
Ida plana about Hie estate, nml yet he
ahowa mi abrupt, willful aplrit If I offer
a word of e xpoatitlutlou. He aeeina bent
on renlltlnir all the rendy money he cull
from the place without tho lenat regard
to Ita future, worth aud Improvement. I
do not Ilk It. Yea, yrs Hlmuii muat
aek aume other homr."
"Ilnrkl" Interrupted (loupart. "What
wan that nolae?"
"I henrd nothing," aald the old uinii.
"I.ct ma look a moinc it." And thm
speaking, tho youth went to the door
and looked out. Hut ho nothing. Ho
stepped out luto the entry; but them waa
do on there. "1 uiiut havo been mis
taken," 1 ho anhl, na he returned to tho
library npd cloned the door after him.
Alit ho did not look In the right place.
Had ha mat hla eyca up to tho colling,
ho would hnro Bern n amnll hole where
tho boat once had a copper pipe lend
down to feed a ahowerliiK bath. - And had
he hut roiio up Into the mnull lumber
room overhead, ho would hnro found a
man there, lying lint, Ilka a aerpont, with
hla eye to that amnll aperture; nml he
would hare aeen nt a glance that tho
watcher could both ace and hear all that
trauaplred In tho library!
Paya flew on now upon Kolden wings,
and auaplclon had cenaed to work in eren
(loupart'a mind, Old Tony had watched
carefully, but ho could find nothing to
excite fear. Only one thing came up to
help tho doubta tho young men had en.
tertalned, mid Hint waa n auddeii Ialt
of Hlmon Iobola to Now Orleans, Ho
profeaaed to hnro business there, lie
aid he would ace how much corn he
could Hud ul market for, there being sov
erol hundred bushels now In tho grnnnry;
but the mnniula Informed him that ha
need not troublo himself about tho corn,
aa ba already had n lite for It, meaning
to keep a largo quantity on hand to aorra
In cnae of a falling crop. Yet Hlmon
muat go, for he had hualueaa of lila own;
and one lino morning, down tho river he
went, In company with aome men who
hnd come down from Fort Rosalie.
LoboU hnd lioen gouo a week, and tho
remaining members of tho family wero
liarlng some Joyful times. In a fovr daya
more, tho prleat would bo there, and then
the two waiting lunula would ba united.
Father" Langnet aomotlmea made It hla
home at St. Julkn'a place, but he had
now been for aome months upon a mis
lion among H10 Yniooa; but be had been
heard from, and ho would soon bo there.
It waa a bright, mooullght evening, and
the young people hnd been more gny than
usual, (loupart, and I.oulse, and I.ouls
had been playing at childish games, and
aa they went out and anuffed up the
weet, balmy air of the beautiful even
ing, I.oulao clapped her liniuls and pro
posed a game of "bide and seek." Tha
others shouted aciuleacence, and oven
the old mnn waa bound to join In tbe
port. I.oulso and her brother knew nil
the hiding phicra within tho rncloaure,
and tho former pulled I.oula aside, and
whispered merrily with him. ,
"Now, nono of Hint," aald (lonpart
"nono of thatl It Is not fair for jou to
consplro against me, If you two put
your heads togcthor I'll go and diarter
old Tony to coino aud help mo. Now
Uut tho only amwer lie received was a .
Joyous laugli na foulae run nwny to dreas
nnrai'ir ror llio out-dmir sport.
H1 ... t . .
in" union roue nigil ill uin iiiiarpui.
nml her fnro wna but slightly turnoil
nwny from enrlh. In the wldo cuiirtynrd
Uni merry vulcea rang (iinefully out upon
Ilia culm nlgHt air, and the glad notts
werq enilitht up mid flung back by tho
A way oriir tha brow of a genllo hill,
where n copao of hnniltlfill acncla trees
worn left almnlllig, mured many dark
objects, They worn crouching In tbe
wood, mid llatenlng lo tho ahouta that
ciune from the dlatnnt dwnlllug. Anou
they gathered logellier aud collKravil In
u strnngo tnngue, mid then tbey inorvd
slowly up Hi hlllalde, and crept down
towards tlis corn field. On they moved,
like speclnra In the mooiillgbt, until they
uesred tho high barrlrads, and then act
tied lower down mid crept 011 like hugo
cats approaching their prey. Htrnlght
they moved towards the pimtern, aud
thorn they lay, beneath the wooden wall,
and listened to the merry rolcea from
within. Boon one of them arose to hla
feet. He was In the slisde of the wall,
but yet the many colored paint upon his
dnrk skin could be seen, and Hie dilaky
browed warrior wss no moro concealed.
They were all a acorn of them -painted
In Hie name fantastic msnucr, and the
same dusky huo marked tha brow of
each. He who had arisen to hla feet pro
duced aomethlng from hla pouch, and
applied It to the lock of the henry post
ern. It was a keyl And how came Hist
child of the forest by the key of Ht. Ju
The ahouta now come from the garden,
Ilnrkl Yea-they nro all there upon tho
other side of the houae. They hare Just
found (loupart, and are now dragging
I1I111 forth from hla hiding place.
Carefully the In. linn turn tha key In
the lock, but the gate Is fastened within.
The heary bolt has been surely Hirown
back, and yet tbe gate opens not. Hut
there Is 110 time to be lost. Tho red men
whispered together a moment, and then
one of them bends upon tils knees, and
when a second has mounted upon his
ahoiildera, he arises. They are both tall
men, but lis who standa upon his com
panion's shoulders cannot quite reach Hie
tups of the stout pickets. Another mau
etnnda firmly by the able of the lower one
and then he abure places one foot upon
the second shoulder thus offered him.
Now a third man springs nimbly up, and
hnrlng mounted upon the shoulders of
bliu who stsnds Hius derated, he gains
tho top of the barricade, and In a mo
ment mora he drops upon the ground
within. Koon the postern Is opened and
all men enter, leaving the remaining ones
without, and then the gate Is nlrno.t
rloaed, aud thua held, ao that It can be
opened when need comes.
Away towarda the stable these specters
glide, and soon tbey are hlddrn; for they,
too. will play at the game that tbe pale
fares hnre sit on foot.
Many times had (loupart bidden, and
aa many times bad be been easily found.
And now he -and the msnjuls chose to
hide together, and after a deal of shout
ing, the brother and slater pull them out
from behind the thick cluster of vines
that grow against the garden fence. Neat
Iuls and !oulss ecamper away, laugh
ing anl clapping their handa, for the
utter delight of the father, when they
purposely let him find I hem, haa warmed
them Into almost a frenzy of Joy.
"Htop stop!" cried tha marquis, ss his
hlldren start. "Isn't It becoming too
damp for you Iiulset"
mO. no! Nerer fear for me."
"Hut tbe dew Is now fairly wet upon
the grass, and I fear yon'lt take cold.
"No no, father!" rrlra the Jojous girl.
"Don't let the first chill frighten you."
"Well-go this once, and then well
go In. I'm growing chill and cold."
"Ay you shall hare a Job before you
find us. Now watch for tbe word."
Away they went towards tbe barn.
and as tbey turned the angle of the
house, nnd were thus lost to sight, (lou
"It la growing cold."
"Ay." returned the old man. "Tlila dew
Is failing fast, for I can feel the damp
ness on my feet. While we were excited
I did not feel It. llut 1 can stand it,
only I fearrd that Louise might take
some cold; and you know that would not
"No," aald (loupart and the tone of
his rolco showed that he, too, had enter
tained some fears. "Ilnrkl" be added.
"I think I heard them c'nll. Ah, they're
got some deep hiding place this time, for
I heard the voire ns though It were
stilled. Hut we'll And them. Coniol"
And nwny they ran towanls the point
from which the voice had proceeded.
They searched all around the barn, under
the cart. In the strsw, behind the doors;
and then they went to tbe stable, and
hero, too. they overhauled everything
they could more, the old man eren mov
ing a board Hint lay against the fence.
"They must have slipped around Into
the garden," said (loupart.
And so bnck to the garden tbey turned,
They bunted and hunted, but the hlders
could not be found.
"It's getting too late," said the mar
qula, at length, "I think I must call
"I'll give up In welcome," returno!
(loupart; "for I'm sure I should never
find them. Hhnll I call to them?"
Ko (loupart shouted thnt he gave up
"I give up!" he cried, at the top of hie
voice. "Come, I.oulal"
He waited a few moments, expecting to
be assailed with a burst of Joking at bis
want of success. Tho smile was already
on his face, and the exclamation with
which to meet the hidden ones was upon
his Hps all rendy for utterance. Hut uo
"They could not hove heard," suggested
"Ah," uttered Goupart, "they must
hnvo gono Into the house,"
'80 they have," said the father, "That's
hardly fair. Tbey ought to have spoken
to us. Hut we'll flud some way to pun
They then went Into the house, but
neither was there.
"Why, It'e funny isn't-lt, Ooupart?"
"It la, aurely."
"I'll start up aome of the boys."
And accordingly, halt a doten of the
men were aeut out In different parte of
the enclosure to Inform the hlders that
the game was up. Hut they returned
bootlosa, It waa old Tony who announc
ed that they couldn't be found. The
mnrquta gated upon (loupart, and (lou
part gated upon the marquis, and thua
they stood for somo momenta,
"Do yon think any danger can have
befallen them?" whispered the youth,
with a trembling Hp,
"I don't thluk there could," returned
the old man, norvously. "Hut we must
In a very few momenta the wholo
household was In alarm. The startling
adventure with the Indians some time
before had prepared the mlnde of the
people for an easy access of fear, and aa
soon aa It was known that Louis and
Louisa wero not to bo found, consterna
tion waa depicted upon every faco. Huge
bundlea of pitch-wood were always kept
In readiness to be used In case of alarm
at night, and some of these wero lighted,
and soon the wholo household were In tbe
wide court. They divided ut the barn,
and In fifteen minutes they all met there
again, Hut they had found nothing,
I'ala mid trembling, the old man turn
ed to the until, It was locked, but the
bolts were not shot. He called for the
key. Tony hail It, and the postern was
soon flung open, and tho torches Unshed
out Upon the broad hlllsldo back of llio
liullilliigs. Hilddenly a sharp, quick cry
from old Tony atnrtled the party, mid
quick as thought, (loupart was by his
"What Is It?" the latter asked.
"Hee that foot I" llio black mnn gasp
ed, trembling like an aspen.
"What of It?"
"It had no heel I It la the print of a
While the people were crowding about
Ihe spot, one of tbe women found an
arrow, and In a moment more a mocca
sin waa picked up.
"The (Jhlckaaawal" exclaimed Tony,
as soon as he saw the moccasin,
"O hsarensl" gasped Hrlon Ht. Ju
llen. And with a Jeep groan he stag
gered back. Hut he quickly rerlred, for
the thought of pursuit came to him. (lou
part hastened the men to pursuit in wild,
Just as the great old clock In the ball
told the hour of four In the morning, the
party returned lo the house, pale and fa
tigued. Tbe first gray streaks of dawn
wero pencilling the eastern horlion as tbe
msrqnls slid (loupart stood In the sitting
room. One of tbe women brought In a
lamp, and tho youth started when he ssw
how pslo his host looked. And Ht. Ju
llen stsrtrd, too; for he looked Into his
companion's face, and It looked terror
stricken eren to death.
They spoke not a word. Tbe old man
moved forward and extended bis hand,
and on the next moment bis head was
pillowed upon Ooupnrt'e shoulder, and
such deep, mighty sobs broke forth from
his lips tbst It seemed as though his
heart were rent In sundsr. And one by
one the esgsr servsnts csme luto thst
room, for Oiey dsred not yet trust them
selves to sleep. They stood and wltnsss
ed the greet grief of their loved meater,
and with ono accord tbey wept with hlra.
Truly that waa a dark hour!
(To be contlaued.l
COULDN'T FOOL THESE QlflLS.
They Had Heard of City Frsads and
It wna a brand-new and enterprising
advertising dodge that caused these
two young women to think they had
been "bunkoed" nnd likely to get Into
difficulties. Tho "dodge" constated In
a 10-iutiiuto vaudovllle performance
which one of the blc retail houses put
on In a room in It building to amuse"
customer ami to make people talk
nbout the store.
The two young women were from
ono of the suburbs of tbe city, and on
tho lookout for trope nnd sharpers.
Having finished their shopping they
wero In the elevator on their way out
when the elevator mnn called:
"Alt out boro to ace tho fnmoua
With the other passenger the two
young women left the car, and found
themselves In a little theater, aaya tbe
New York Times. It wna dimly light
ed, had a small stage, a smaller orches
tra and chain In which a number of
peopla had seated themselves. Sud
denly an Idea occurred to one of tbe
'Helon, she whispered to ber com
panion, "this la some trap that we bare
fallen Into. I know mamma told mo of
a similar case once. When sho and
papa were attending their honeymoon
twenty-three years ago at Niagara
Falls they went Into a show thnt waa
nil just aa tlila Is. On the outside
there was a sign which said: 'Entrance
Free.' All went well until It came to
Kolng out, when there was another
sign, 'lCilt tV That la what this thins
Is, and I know It Let's get out before
tho show begins."
They made at once for the door of
the elevator shaft. "The show will be
gin In an Instant," politely announced
tha attendant, at whom the young wo
mnn looked scornfully.
"You must think wo nro easy," said
one of the girls, falling Into slang to
show thnt sho was no ordinary proposi
tion to bo dealt with. "Wo know this
dodge. nd have seen It before."
Then both went down to the street
feeling sure thnt they had escaped ono
of tho shrewd "dodgce" of a great city.
Ills Servant Was Well Trained.
At nn auction salo of snuffboxes
which enlivened London some time ago
one of the most valunblo mysteriously
illsnpiearod and lina not yet been recov
ered. Tha Ion .has brought up a host
of similar occurrences, nnd ono news
pniHr corespondent recalls a etory cur
rent two generations ago, tha Duko of
Kiissex being the hero. He had presided
at a dinner of virtuosi, and a dlsHn
gulsbeddlploinatlst among tho company
produced n snuffbox set In precious
Htones, the gift of a crowned head to
0110 of his ancestors. Tho precious sou
venir wna handed nround for overyono
toexamtne while the conversation went
l'rvsenUy the owner said to his next
neighbor: "Kindly pass mo tho snuff
box." Tho Inquiry went around tho
table, but nobody knew what had be
come of the article. A thorough search
of the room nnd tho servants failed to
reveal any traco of it, nnd tho part?
broke tip in a gloom. Homo months
after tho Duko had occasion to don
nice more tho particular uniform worn
on this occasion, and, putting his hand
Into ono of the pockots, felt a bulky
Bubstanco and draw out tho missing
"You rascal," ho said to his body ser
vant, "you must havo noticed It when
you put nwny my coat."
"Yen, your royal highness," was tho
reply. "I noticed, and Indeed I saw
your royal highness put tho box In your
"And you never mentioned It?"
"Certainly not. I hopo.I know my
duty to your royal highness better than
that." Pittsburg Dispatch.
l'uld tho l'relaht.
"Your wife," remarked tho old friend,
"tolls mo you are getting Into socloty
"No," replied the plain man, who had
to pay for his wife's ambitions, "society
Is getting Into me." Philadelphia
Dead ancestor, are said to occupy too
much of tho areable land in China.
Famine would be less frequoat if tho
country waa not one vast cemetery,
Tho only reason somo men leave nn
estate la bocauso tbey can't take It with
WHEnE SPIRIT AND PftlDE OF
WALES WEI1E MANIFESTED.
II10 Iilenl Custle ut Clill.tll -o.l Imnu
liiiilloil Willed Wna llnlll by Klnu
I'.ilwiinl 1,-lt Htoiit ami llruve De
fense ity llufrd up lilnloil.
High up 1111 the rocky const of Me
lloncllialilrc, Wnles, on a lofly emi
nence; magnificently cotiitiinnilliiK
iiinuiitnliis nml sen, In plnln sight of
the vessels wlilcji run Into Oinllgnii
bay from Ht. (Icorge's cliiimifl, stand
the Ideal rustle of childhood's linng-
rowAnu L or K.iai.A.-D.
Inatlon. Overpowerlngly massive Is
Harleech, whoso appearance of solid
ity and Impregnability Is typical of
the strength of the chieftains of Wales
before Llewellyn was compelled to
surrender to the superior force and
resource of Edward I. of England. Tbe
squnru shoulders und round towers of
tho castle did not come Into being un-
til after that Important event. Indeed,
tbe structure owes Its existence to tbe
genius of the great monarch whoso
namo tbe present ruler of (Ireat Ilrlt-
a In bear. Hut there have been event
In It history which the Welsh, ns well
as tbe English, point to with pride. ' of tbe King, but Llewellyn was cap
Most memorable of all heroic cpl- Hired and brutally beheaded, and
HEItE BEGAN "THE MARCH
sodes connected therewith was the de
fense of Harlech by Dnfyd ap Elnlon,
a chieftain whose courage and prowess
arc told In song and iioetry by tho
bards of Cnmbrla. English supremacy
In Wales, established by Edward I.,
had gradually weakened nnd eventual
ly decayed, while Englishmen wero
fighting each other In the wars of tho
Ijincastera and the Yorks. After the
defeat, however, of the former at
Northampton In 1400. Edward IV.
sought to re-establish tho stout king
dom of his noted nncestor. Within
eight years lie became master of all
England nnd practically nil of Wales.
Three strongholds of tho Cambrians
wero still out of his possession and
Roomed ImpofBlblo of conquest. Btrong-
est of these was Harlech. Within
Its walls was Dafyd, supported by sev
eral hundred men who knew no fear
aud who deemed tbo honor of their
people a sacred trust reposed In their
kenlne. When King Edward sent Sir
William Hubert against Dnfyd to com
nel bis surrender, that ofUeer encoun
tered an experience which challenges
Hannibal's crossing of the Alps. For
days tho soldiers of the King marched
over mountains nnd crawled through
narrow passes, with yawning nbyesea
Inviting death, but eventually they In
vested the place, ltlchard, Duko of
Gloucester, and brother of the King,
was sent forwnrd to order the Immedi
ate surrender of tho castle. Dafyd re
plied; "I held a tower lu France till all
tbe old women In Wales heard of it,
GREAT DAM AT
Tho towns of South llcnd, Elkhart, .Oosheu nnd Mlshnwaka, Ind., are
soon to be supplied with moro motive, power from a big ?1,000,000 dam In
course of construction on tho St. Joseph Hlver, about two miles above
Mlshawaka. Tho big engineering feat is to bo completed early In tho sum
mer. It I a 10,000-borso power dam nnd will havo a twenty-foot fall. Tho
structure Is to be built entirely of wood, and It is said something llko
80,000,000 feet of lumber will be used In building tho big concern. Tho river
will be deflected from Its channel through big sluices made of Iron nnd con
crete, while tho dam Is In actual course of construction.
Mlshawaka already has ono B.OOO-horso power dam which furnishes
power for several big manufacturing plants. Tbo new dam will bo built
across tho river where tho bnuks nre high, thus affording u line fall. When
tho structure la completed It will back water up Into Elkhart and Increaso
tliu width of tho river nt that point considerably.
nml now tho old women of Franco
shrill hear bow I defend this castle.'
It wns Impossible to reduce the
stronghold, except by fnmlnc. This
mums was tried nml filially Itlchmil
secured It surrender by promising to
liitirt-edo with Ildwnrd to spare the
heroic defender. Tliu King (van liullg.
limit when this request was brought to
hlin nnd refused to grant It.
"Then, sire," sold Hlclinrd, when the
King continued to swenr he would
show no mercy, "you mny, If yon
plc-asc, take my life In lieu of the Welsh
chieftain's. If you do not, I will most
assuredly set Diifyd back In bis castle
ami your highness may send whom you
plcaso to take lilm out,"
The King relented and Dnfyd was
permitted Ills life. It Is the evacuation
of this fortress which Is perpetuated In
tbe music of "The March of the Men of
I'-dword I. Its JItillder.
Harlech was built In tha latter part
of the twelfth century by King Kdward
I of England, who tins been described
by some historians us tho greatest of
all English monarcbs. From nn early
age he became famous throughout
Christendom a the bravest and most
dexterous of warrior. His first exjierl
cure In actual warfare was during the
contest between his father and the bar
ons from 12.VI to 1207. In tbe nine years
of tbe mrugglo bis character became
matured ond his experience ripened,
II then ranked among tbe first knights.
generals and statesmen of tbe day.
t Hdward was proclaimed King of Eng.
land In 1272. Within a few years he de
termined to extend his power over
Wales nnd Scotland. Llewellyn was
then I'rlnce of Wales, when Edward
sent word to him to come and do bora
age to the wearer of the crown. Llew
ellyn thrice sent back word that bo
would rather not. Edward thereupon
went with his fleet to the coast of
Wnles and compelled Llewellyn to flee
' to the mountains of Knowdon. where
; he starved him Into n treaty of pence,
I Hellcvlng he had reduced Wales to
obedience, the King returned to Eng
land. Tbe Bpirlt of the Welsh was
'aroused, however, by act of Insolence
on tbe part of Edward's subjects, and.
beaded by Prince David, brother of
1 Llewellyn, they rose In revolt like one
man. Edward returned to Wales. For
'months nnd months the people of the
rocky coast held out against tbe forces
OF TUB MEN OF HARLECH."
David, betrayed by one of his own
countrymen, was hanged, drawn and
quartered. The fall of the two great
brothers acompllshed the subjugation
of Wales. To prevent future rebellions
Edward built many fortresses, of
which Harlech was the strongest.
When he died nnd his weak sou came
Into power and Wnles again enjoyed
a sort of national liberty, Harlech was
a power In the defense of tbo country,
an Instance of which Is shown In the
stout resistance to Edward IV. Since
Its surrender to ltlchard In the latter
part of tbe fifteenth century It has been
constantly In tho hands of the British.
A Drawback, Hut
Applicant for situation (concluding
list of his qualifications) And I am 11
Employer Urn; and how long la it
since you graduated?
Applicant About six years, sir.
Employer Oh, well, then, that's not
a very serious drawback. You've prob
ably forgotten all you learned there by
this time. I'll give you a chance.
Continuing; the Trouble,
Mr. Jones "The trouble with too
many people In this world Is that they
don't know enough to quit when they
are ahead of tho game."
Mrs. Jones "I know It. I ought to
havo quit when I got your engage
ment ring, but I went ahead and mar
Wt 1 ' rl IUU'J' a-.as.Lat II III WWoU! 1 111 I irienVM.1 I I 1 I . 1
(A EltTAINLY In few field ha
Kthe progress been moro rapid
tbnn In tho enro nnd training of
wild beasts for the Instruction and
entertainment of the public. Of courso
It Is natural that, with the growth of
knowledge and experience In their
handling, the treatment ba become
moro humane, nnd tho methods by
which they nre schooled havo under
gone the moat radical changes. The
man who has charge of n modern ani
mal spectacle cnlla himself a trainer,
rather than a tamer; and he Is really
a teacher In every sense of the word.
He must be a man of fearlessness, to
be sure, but he must also posses tbe
magnetic qualities, tho quick under
standing nnd the ready sympathy
which characterize tbe successfu.
teacher of men. Indeed, It Is some
thing of a commentary on human edu
cational systems that tho trainer of
animals Is selected with far more care
end receives n much larger reward
than the Instructor of men and boys.
Then, too, be has this advantage over
the public-school Instructor be choos
es his pupils slowly and with an eye
to their future. Indeed, the most Im
portant factor In attaining a complete,
Interesting exhibition U tbe choice of
tbe animals who are to form the nu
cleus of the show. For this purpose
the very young are always given the
preference, and those born In captivi
ty ate obtained whenever they are
physically perfect specimens of their
kind, though the domestic-bred beasts
are not numerous. Such cubs are al
ways tamer to start with, and their
attention Is much more easily fixed.
Tbey do not hnve the far-away, long
ing look which can be seen in tbe eyes
of a desert-bred lion. Tbey have never
learned to strike and to exnlt In tbe
feci of quivering flesh beneath their
As soon as a cub Is able to crawl
around it cage, tho trainer gets ac
quainted with It and feeds It and
shows It that It has only kindness to
expect while Its behavior Is good.
When It Is four or fire months old.
easy tricks are undertaken sitting on
a chair, lying down and rising at com
mand, playing with a ball, and so on.
At first, the trainer devotes all bis
time to a single nnlmal until be has
Impressed It with his ability to con
trol anil direct Its movements. Then
an older, thoroughly trained nnlmal of
the same breed Is Introduced, partly
for the example It can set In Illustrat
ing how tbe more difficult tricks are
done and partly to accustom the cub
to association with Its kind. Many a
trainer bears deep and permanent
scars as a reward for performing tbe
first Introduction or for offering to ar
bitrate early differences of opinion be
tween two future friends.
The hardest task of all Is to accus
tom animals of one kind even to toler
ate tbe presence In tho same cage of
animals of another kind, and months
of patient effort are necessary before
a newly assembled aggregation of ani
mal actors will perform even the sim
plest combined tricks. The make-up
of such an assemblage must be care
fully studied out, for the methods of
teaching vary with each new combina
tion of animals.
Their health, too. Is a matter of
PROTECTING THE SULTAN OF TURKEY,
To the average American, the pre-
.n.Olnno tnL-i.n In nrntoet fliA Kllltflfl
f Turkey against possible poisoning
must seem utterly absurd, yet long ex
perience has taught those who sur-
ound the Imperial presence that too
ritErAniNQ the sultas a dinner.
many safeguards cannot be hedged
Before a meal Is prepared the pnlaco
ohlclnls visit the royal kitchen and In
spect the dishes, which are tasted and
then sealed up with long nuuons, tno
ends of which are held by tho major
donio. Guards, reinforced by strong
armed escort, then carry the food to
the Imperial presence.
AN H0NE8T SEWER PURQER.
Burprlacd Bank of Knaland Managers
by Appearluic Among; its Treasures.
Tbe strong room of the Bank of Eng
land, which probably contains more
treasure than any other Inclosure lu
the world, was once entered by an hum
ble sewer cleaner and the directors of
tha Institution knew nothing about it
till a watchman who had accidentally
stumbled upon the Intruder luformed
them of bis presence.
You think you Is all safe band you
bank Is safe," wrote tha man, "but I
knows better. I beon hlnslde the bank
the lust 2 nlte band you nose nullln
about It. But I am not a tbeaf, so hlf
rer will mett meo In tho great squar
room with nil tho monelys at twelf 2
nlte, lie explain orl to you, let only there
2 come down, and say nullln to no
body," The strong room was guarded
the next night, lu sylte of a disposi
never-ending anxiety, and gives a
trainer more troublo than tho Impresa
rio feel over that of his high salaried
opera singer. If an actress Is Indis
posed, her understudy can take tb
part at a moment's notice; but thess
animal actors have no understudies,
nnd tbo omission of a beast or even
his chair or pedestal from an act often
disconcerts all tho performers. Oo
tbe other hand, to compel a sick ani
mal to perform sometime turns the
act Into a tragedy for the trainer; for
If he once turn his back on his
charge, and flees for safety, he may
never bo able to control them again,,
and If ho stays to faco tbo trouble,
.crlous wounds mny result. Once let
1 benst see that you fear him, and
discipline I destroyed; and. In
deed, a crlst In which a trainer flees
or Is rescued by helpers a a rulo
works so on hla nerves that even If,
be should wish to enter the cage tho
secret that he feared bis beasts would
be discerned by them In spite of all
he could do, and his mastery of them
would be lost Sometimes It happens
that a trainer relaxes his caution or
commit an error of Judgment Many
a trainer takes desperate chances be
cause be or she bad been fascinated
by tbe beauty of a particular Hon and
has determined to master It at what
Almost all animals have more dis
cernment than they are usually given
credit for. They fix the responsibility
for their discomfort where It belongs,
and harbor grudges long after a train
er has forgotten tbe entire Incident
which aroused them. The greatest
factor In tbe safety of a trainer and
the success of the show as a whole Is
the health of tbe animals, and this Is
dependent directly on food and exer
cise. In Its natural state a wild beast
kills when It Is hungry, eats what Is
.good for It, and fasts until hungry
again, but In captivity It seems to lose
Its Judgment, and If given the oppor
tunity will usually Indulge In gluttony,
or. In some Instances, deliberately
Very few proprietors of great show
capture beasts through their own
agents. Tbe organization of their
business, with the mass of detail ad
vertising, transportation and finance
occupies all tbelr time. Most of the
animals now In captivity, therefore,
are purchased of dealers who maka
this business a specialty.
There Is a great deal of financial
risk Involved In a large business of
buying and selling wild beasts. Risks
must be carefully figured, and profit
from sales and loss from deaths must
be constantly kept In mind and bal
anced. Purchases are often made on
the spot where an animal Is captured,
and tbe buyer stands tbe risk of trans
portation. The way In which a beast
can bear a rough sea voyage plays a
great part In determining Its valne.
Even after Its safe arrival, there Is a
continual liability to colds and dis
ease. The loss from deaths, even
among the animals safely Installed In
such a menagerie as that of Jamracn
in Hamburg, Is rarely less than Beven
hundred to a thousand dollars a
month. HJalmar HJorth Boycsen, In
tion to regard the letter aa a hoax, by
police and nothing happened.
. The next phase of the mystery was
more astonishing than ever. A heavy
chest of papers and securities taken
from the strong room arrived at tho
bank with a letter complaining that
the directors bad set the police upon
the writer "and that he had, therefore,
not appeared as promised, but to prove
that he was neither a thief nor a fool
he sent a chest of papers be had taken
from tha bank. Let a few gentlemen
be alone In the room and bo would Join
tbem at midnight, said tbo writer, and
to cut short a long and strange chapter
of bank history a man with a dark
lantern burst luto the strong room of
tbe bank at midnight after calling from
behind the stone walls for the direc
tors to put out the lights. lie was one
of a strange class of men who gained
a living by searching the sewers at
night, and through an open
lug from a sewer he had found his way
Into the richest room In tbe world.
Sympathy Was Powerless.
To exercise a general supervision
over lost children and stray pets Is
characteristic of a kind-hearted resi
dent of South Paris, Me., who la rep
resented by the Lewlston Journal as
ready to sympathize with every child
ish trouble. He wao walking along
tho street recently, when he noticed
a llttjo boy on tbe sidewalk, evidently
In tho deepest trouble. Ills chubby
fists burrowed Into his fat little face.
Great round drops of misery rolled
down bis cheeks and fell on his little
"Did ye get hurt, sonny!" asked tbe
"Not" howled the boy.
"No," with a wilder burst of sor
row. "Where do you live?''
Tbo boy pointed.
"Waiting for your dad J"
"Well, then, what Is the troubler
The boy sobbed bitterly, and answer
ed In tones of angutsht
"I've got tha tummle-ache,"
After an unmarried woman has
reached 23, and no takers, she regrets
that she commenced to da her faalr up
and started out so early.
One thing a physician gets with a
good practice Is criticism.
How readily cheap men accuso oth
ers of "selling outl"