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About Bohemia nugget. (Cottage Grove, Or.) 1899-1907 | View Entire Issue (Aug. 8, 1902)
MOWAHK .JIUNUV, Vubllshnrs.
COTTAGE GR6VE . . OREGON.
Common ttcv.no in not 10 common ns
ooiiio men think It Is.
No woman wants to go to Iicatch If
tlio can't ho young mid beautiful there.
8omcr"ono has named a clear After
MnWjIncLano. It emits a blue flame
UIIU JSUipilUrUUS BIUOKC.
-sl'rosldent Hllot suggests that wo
should Imvo a mausoleum for (lend
t&oks. A crematory would do Just as
Tlio real force on earth Is man, not
nature," says nn Eastern writer. That
itfnn never stood In front of a Kansas
JThe Franco-Prussian alliance has
Just been cemented again. Constant
nbpllcatlon of International glue uro
necessary to make It stick.
ctfitbor, unions arc being organized In
the Philippines and strikes are contem
plated. It Is amazing how rapidly wo
nrc Americanizing these children of the
iCaptain mow Admiral) Clark was pe.
cullnrly blessed In the fact that he
lout no "fool friends." As a result he
Is universally esteemed Jy his coun.
The Sultan says Turkey has enough
books. No more be permitted. He-
inlnds one of that freak who burned
the Alexandrian library because he
said all that was good was In the
Koran and what was not In the Koran
was not "good.
Among America's natural advant-
ages the tendency of the streams to
flow southward rather than to tbo
north Is of great Importance. A river
which Is frozen at the mouth while
open and overflowing at Its head wa
tera Is a particularly troublesome
.neighbor. The wholo history of this
continent would have been different
had the Mississippi found Its outlet In
Hudson 11a y.
' What a fluo motto for a federation of
fixations this sentence from Washing
ton's letter to Itochambeau would
make: "Wo have been contemporaries
'and fellow laborers In the cause of lib
erty, and wo have lived together us
brothers should do In harmonious
.friendship." It has already been used
ton the Itochambeau monument, and It
"describes the present relations between
ftbo United States and France, as well
.s those between Washington and
f- One of thg lamentable effects of the
Illness of King Edward was the revival
of the old prophecies by soothsayers,
-paliiilsters, astrologers and other pro
fessional croakers of mischief. At the
best there is too much superstition In.
the world, and the evil is not likely to
ba;njltlgated by tales of the accident of
prophecy. When one prophecy Is by
chance fulfilled the silly .world quickly
forgets tho hundreds that have come to
nothing. How strange it is, we bear,
that this, man's prediction has come
true. Dut how much stranger It would
be, with tho world full of bunko-steer
ere, If somebody's prediction were not
some tluio verified.
The Atchison Dally Globe. In a fine
burst Of confidence, says: "The suc
cess of W. J. Bailey as a politician and
farmer Is largely due to the fact that
when ho was young and robust he did
not waste the most precious years of
his life In banging on a fence with a
girl, but Instead devoted his time to
trying to amount to something. This
love habit, taking up the best period
of life, works a terrible evil In many
cases. And the girls are Just as waste
ful of their best years and efforts."
The.Hon. "Joe" Bailey, of Texas, we
Know, nut wo nave not the pleasure of
tho acquaintance of W. J. Ilalley either
as a politician or ns a farmer. Still, he
may be a grand old "success." That Is
neither here nor there. The question
la, what would success amount to If It
Avero not for "this love habit," and
who would In future be hero to succeed
If the young and the robust ceased to
have the desire to hang over the
fences with the girls? Precious few
Weddings would there be If men were
to Insist upon "succeeding" before
hanging on the fences with tho girls.
All honor to W. J. Hallcy for the "suc
cess" be has had as a ioI!tlclan and a
farmer, but If he neglected when he
was young and robust to hang on a
fence with a girl he has lost something
for which all tho "success" In the
world will never repay him. Mr. Ilalley
will not do as a model.
, Another fad has "gono up the epout."
Itemember how the New Jersey scien
tists were planning to kill all tho mos.
qultocs and make tho pests as scarce
1 as the dodo or great auk. Kerosene was
Ujq poison. Ponds wero to bo spruyed
with It. Tho slaughter was to be some
thing dreadful. No quarter was to bo
given, und tho hum of tho insect sur
geon wns to bo heard no more. The scl
cntlsta Sprayed. They squirted barrels
of oil pn a thousand ponds, and tho
Standard Oil Trust declared another 20
per cent dividend.. Ever nnd anon one
of tho scientific sharps had himself In
terview, and proved conclusively
thai the mosquito and the octopus woro
deadly enemies. It was glorious news,
nnd It was not true. If you should ask
a Jersey mosquito "What's yours," tho
answer wydd bo, "Kerosene." They
llko'lt. They thrlvo on It It was a new
drink, and they had to apqulro a taste
.forjt. Vl4 "o 'I'O pumping and squirt-,
lng and sprinkling wero all for naught
and n new and mighty breed of kerosene-fed
mosquitoes, with doublo saws
nnd Jagged, drills, has appeared In Jer
sey, ami science gets another backset
There Is only ono real and euro rem
edy, for tho pest Apply tho palm of
tho' hand with trip-hammer forco to
thaplucp wbeto tho bird Is resting. If
' you hit hard enough and quick enough
results ore sure. Don't try tho feeding
process. You might as well try to ex
terminate the ostrich by a diet of cream
puffs, ot drlto out cockroaches with
writ of ouster.
In Mahlu's Magazine there nro soma
population statistics that are Interest
ing. Tho second largest German clly In
tho world Isn't in Ueruinny. it owes
nothing but good will to Kmperor Will-
lain. It Is New York, which has n Her
man population nearly half ns large as
llerllu. Of course overylwdy realizes
that no emigrants have inado better
American citizens than the Hermans,
They enmo to this country by Millions.
They nro n irt ot us. They cnnio to
stay, to Intermarry, to adopt American
customs, and there nro 7,S32,(ai of them
In the United States. New York claims
S09,it2l of them, which is moro by over
100,000 than Hamburg, tho second city
of the German Umpire. Cincinnati Is
called n Herman city, but her German
population Is less than that shown In
several other cities of the United
States. There are -t30,7rS persons of
German birth or parentage living In
Chicago, 207.PW In St. Louis, 100,050 In
Philadelphia, I.TO.SIO In Cincinnati,
151,015 In 'Milwaukee, or more than
one-half of her entire citizenship. Now
York Is tho largest Irish city In the
world, with 743,103 itorsons of Irish
descent; Philadelphia has 281,570, Chi
cngo 237,478, llostou 191,03$, San Fran- ! execution was regarded as a sort of dl
Cisco 78,819, and St. Louis 09,370. In ' version only that there was no good
Now York there are 177.0S9 persons of
English imrcntngc. 01,210 in Philadel
phia, S2.2T2 lu Chicago", 33.CC9 in llos
tou. Chicago Is the largest Scandlna-,
vlan city lu the world, with 173,981.
New York has Sl'O.OOO Italians, or more
than the city of Florence, Italy. They
nro Important figures worth the study
of those who govern; those who would ,
keep educational methods abreast of
tbo times and the men who are In trado
and depend for prosperity on a keen
i. .... ... I ...i .... r ,,.. .. I. .. I
vau nuyuiing excuse n tuiei r uen a ;
man has education and a good brain,
when he knows that there Is always
a reckoning for sin and that be who
sows trouble must reap shame, can
there be a valid excuse that will set
htm right with the public! There Is
the case of Charles S. Shlvlcr, and
there are tears In every paragraph of
his life story. He loved a woman, and
that woman became n confirmed In
valid. There are men nnd men. Some
forget love when sickness comes. They
don't want to be chained to a hospital.
And others love most when sickness
and adversity come. Shivler knew
that his wife could never be strong
and well again. When he realized
that the light of his life was destined
to fade away like a broken flower a
great tenderness took possession of
him lie made up his mind that her
every wish should be gratified; that
ber home should be bright; that' be
would surround her with every com
fort, no matter bow great the cost. lie
was a thief for. her sake. He was
treasurer of the American District
Telegraph company In Brooklyn, and
he looted the funds of the concern for
years to buy things for the sick wom
an at home. He did the awful thing
with his eyes open. He knew nil
about the consequences. He knew
that "Thou shalt not steal" is God's
law nnd man's law, wherever human
beings exist And he kept on steal
ing, his only desire being to postpone
the cVash and prison till after he had
kissed the dead lips of his wife. The
crash came, but the funeral was our,
and Charles S. Shivler said to the au
thorities: "I am a thief, and I'm ready
to take the consequences, gentlemen."
What a mistake he made. How little
he knew about women about that
woman, who was his wife. Couldn't
ho realize that she would have been
happier hungry, with an honest man,
than surrounded . with luxuries pur
chased with stolen money? Why
didn't be know that the average wife
loves truth, and honesty and upright
ness so much that she will welcome
privation and pain so long as shame
docs not enter ber life? He loved her
and he harmed her, nnd it Is well that
she could creep Into her grave before
she could learn that a man made a
holy passion his excuse for crime. It
Is easy to be sorry for the man. It Is
easy to shed tears over the story of'a
great mistake and a .great affection.
The world has an especial tenderness
for men who patiently devote their
lives to Invalid wives, but the excuse
for Charles Shlvlcr's crime does not
Show the audience un apparently
blank sheet of white paper, touch it
with n glowing match, and In a siiort
time you have a figure burnt out of
The preparation of such fire drawing
sheets Is simple, and everybody with
a little talcnj for drawing can produco
them at small expense.
Dissolve a tablespoouful of saltpeter
In i tumbler of water and draw with
tho help of a pointed brush on outline
figure on thin whlto paper, and put It
nsldo to dry. Tho drawing on tho
paper will bo Invisible. Then light a
match, blow It out Immediately, and
touch a certain point In tho outline
figpre (which we have marked secret
ly) with the glowing match. Tho salt
peter will catch fire Immediately1, and
burn along the line drawn with, the
brush, burning out the figure as It
goes along. '
Girls often pretend to wonder what
It Is proper for them to nccept as gifts,
to indicate that they have so much of
fered tnem tuat it is hard to decldo
what to accept Hut very few men
over had anything refused.
Man Is born to rule tlio world but
along comes woman and declares It la
up to her.
FAMOUS OLD PJIISON.
NEWGATE, LONDON, AND ITS
Soon to lie tinned to tin Uromut
Hlinckliiir Scene In tlio l)u When
liiecutlmi Wero 1'iiMlc Tha l'opu
luce Acted I.Ike Demon t.
Grim, forbidding old Newgate pris
on, London, which In the course ot its
long period ot existence has housed so
many men and women condemned to
destruction, nud around which have oc
curred many remarkable scenes of hor
ror, Is at length to bo toru down. Sev
eral times before the historic prison's
Impending doom was announced, hut
now tho work of demolition has actual
ly begun. Old Italley, the scarcely less
famous court house, which adjoins
Newgate, will also bo razed, and upou
the whole site thus obtained new court
buildings of a modem typo will bo
story Is packed unusual-
rrors. even for a prlso:
lr full of horrors,
which did duty In such cold-blooded
times as the early part of the clgh
teeuth century In Englnnd. Then ad
humor about It When n hanging was
duo at Newgate they were held In the
open. Just outside the walls crowds
used to camp out all night on the steps
of the buildings round about. Glu was
sold even on the steps of the scaffold,
and It was no uncommon thing when a
criminal who had committed some par
ticularly outrageous offense was led out
for the mob to filng themselves on him
and half murder blm before the rope
could be put around his neck. Earlier,
when the prisoners who wero kept In
Newgate were executed in Tyburn,
there were even more revolting scenes.
Men and women who were being hang
ed were howled at and pelted with
stones nnd dirt Others were set upon
on the road to the gallows.
Almost Cheated the Hangman.
One of these was Mrs Urownrigg.
She wns notorious for her brutality
to her girl apprentices, but finally
eclipsed even her own record by strip
ping one young girl to her waist, fasten
ing her hands to a ring In the celling
and Hogging her so mercilessly that sb-
died from the effects. While Mrs.
Urownrigg, who wns captured while
trying to get out of the country, was
being taken to Tyburn she wns pounc
ed upon by a mob of women who came
within an ace of cheating tho hangman
The scenes around the Newgate gal
lows grew more violent as time went
on. In 1807 80,000 people gathered to
see the execution of two men. nnd H
the crush twenty-eight were killed nnd
seventy Injured. After the banging
were over the executioner used to sell
the rope which be bad used at a shil
ling or more the Inch.
Jack Sheppard was confined at New
gate after his first capture, but soon
escaped. Ho was recaptured, loaded
with chains and made fast to a staple
In the floor, .Even then he got free,
forced six doors, burrowed through n
wall, and then went back to bis cell ro
get a blanket by means of which he let
himself down from the roof to the
street. They captured blm again, how
ever, and he was hanged at Tyburn
while over 200.000 Jeering people look
ed on. In Newgate Mary Edmonson
also was Jailed. She was banged for
the murder of her aunt, but' ninnr sin-
! pected that she was letting herself be
destroyed In place of ber lover, who
was supposed to have done tho deed.
He was present at the execution nnd
kissed the girl on tbo gallows. After
ward he confessed that be bad killed
the woman but was reprieved, as the
authorities were afraid to let It be
known that they had taken the life of
an Innocent person.
1 Acted Like Demon.
At this young woman's execution, as
well as those of Fauntleroy, tho bank
er, nnd Grecnacre, who murdered his
sweetheart, surging crowds gathered
A TABLE L00P
Here Is a simple experiment, and one nhlch admirably illustrates the work
ing of centrifugal force. Take, a leug strip of cardboard and, after bending; It In
the middle, fasten the upper end of It by means of a peg or pencil to tjje cork
ot a wine bottle. Next fasten the lower end in a similar manner to a Lottie
which Is only bait the size of the other one. The loop in the middlo of the
cardboard mutt be perfectly uniform and the cardboard Itself must be of pre
cisely the same breadth throughout, .
We now have a railroad, and the tiext thing Is to make use of It. This Is
done uy allowing a little wooden roller or caster to run over it. The roller,
which must not be broader tbau the cardboard, will run swiftly from the highest
point ot the road to the very end, pulsing safely through the loop and uerer
swerving a balr's breadth from tho proper lourse. If we want to run a car, all
that In necessary Is to turn up the edges ot the cardboard so as to prevent the
wheels from running off and to place ou the track a vehicle Instead of the roller.
and acted like demon, Finally these
outbreaks got to be so serious that tho
public hangings were given up, and
since then thej have been Jield lusldo
Newgate, a black Hag being hoisted on
tho roof at tho moment when tho drop
falls. This Is the custom still, and on
execution days small cvrowds collect,
wait until the flag goes up and then
disperse. As for old Tyburn, not only
have all traces of the old execution
ground been swept nwny. but lis site, Is
now one ot the most fashionable parts
of aristocratic Hyde Park. Every one
of the handsome carriages passing the
Marble Arch and entering the Long
Drive rolls close to the spot where, once
stood the busy gnllows.
7U.000 Ilanurd In One ltclun.
How old Ncwgato Is no one knows.
It wus used ns a prison as ar back as
118s, and prlmbly antedates that period
by many years. Many times has It been
rebuilt, the last time following the "no
popery" riots of 1780, when the struc
ture was plundered and burned, the
prisoners being set free, to Join tho
maddened mob. During tho reign of
iri,HW vnt Bi. ilmt ? ono
CXCCU0I vUel Newgate. Sir
Morc , ,,,, ,,,, ,,,.
twenty thieves might be seen hanging
from a single gibbet and hnnglngs
wero almost of dally occurrence. In
these good old days, which some ot our
misguided moderners would wish to re
call, the theft of a loaf or the snaring of
a hare ou a game preserve was punish
ed with denthl Torture, too, was re
sorted to, and men and women, strip
ped naked, were put upon tho rack uu
til the bones and Joints were torn asuu
der. There were many other methods
of torture, nud brandings and luutlla
Hon were of frequent occurrence.
Executions at Newgate were carried
out often lu a bungling manner. Often
the condemned would not be strangled
and the executioner would catch hold
of tho victim and add his own weight
to that of the suspended unfortunate.
This usually made the crowd hilarious.
Nor was It the rabble alone who en
Joyed the degrading spectacle. People
of fashion would pay as high ns $23 for
n good vantage point In a window op.
poslte nnd frequently would spend the
night there so that no detail of the
spectacle might escape.
It was a ribald, reckless, comliatlve.
brutal mob who witnessed the execu
tions. Fights were common and spec
tators often had their limbs broken nnd
their teeth knocked out! These dread
ful public executions were carried on
Quran Victoria' llnstmml.
Writing of Prince Albert lu au art I
cle lu the Century, ou "The ltoynl
Family of England," Professor Oscar
"From the flrst the Prince Identified
himself with the Queen In all her la
bors. They had one mind and one
soul. Itlslug every morning with the
dawn, the Prince went Into bis work
room, where their two tables stood
side by side, and read all their corre
spondence, arranging everything fur
the Queen's convenience when, she
should arrive. He knew all her
thoughts nud assisted all ber actions,
yet so adroit and self-sacrificing was
his conduct that all. the merit and pop
ularity came io her. The people had
no Idea that be' Interfered with public
affairs, yet, had they reflected, they
ramt have known that It was Inevit
able. Once during the Crimean war,
when the notion got abroad that the
Prince bad Intervened, there were
tnlks of treason and of sending blm
to tho Tower; yet on the day of the
Prince's death, on that cold. Ice-bound
Saturday, Charles Klngslcy said to the
present writer: 'He was King of En
gland for twenty years, and no one
For all Important houses nowadays
a careful plan Is drawn up for the pro
posed position of every Important piece
of furniture, with 'color drawings
where necessary to show the effect,
and by this means Edward and Alex
andra were able to Judgo of the result
beforehand. It was Mrs. Astor who
flrst Introduced the Interior plan Idea
among Americans with splendid house
hold' furnishings, her own Newport and
New York mansions alwnys being thus
arranged to n dot Having once deter
mined on the most advantageous com
position of a drawing room, for In
stance, woo betide Uic servants who
misplace ail article or "discompose"
the harmony of Hie tableau. Huston
Stopped by Caterpillar.
A railway train was recently stopped
near Ilheltns, France, by tlio number
of caterpillars that fell on tho track.
The rails grew too pasty and slippery
for tbo wheels to adhere until cinders
were thrown on them.
. Usually, wo feel an oppression bo
causo of n lot of little things wo have
neglected, but which might have been
easily disposed of.
Many a man would bo glad of tho
opportunity to chew all ho could bite
- THE - L00P.
f BY A. C
BY A. CONAN DOYLE.
CUAPTUU II Continued
"From a drop of wntor," said tho
wrltor, "a logician uould Hirer tlio pos
sibility of nn Atlantic or iv Nlngurn
without timing neon ur hoard ut ono
or tho other. So nil Uro la n groat
chain, tho nature ot which la known
whenever wo nro shown n single link
ot it. I.I It o all other arta, tho sclouco
ot deduction and analysis Is ono which
can only bo acquired by long nnd pa
tient study, nor Is life long enough to
allow any ono mortal to attain tho
highest possible perfection In It. llo
foro turning to those moral nnd mental
aspect of tho matter which present tho
greatest dlfllculttes, let tho Inquirer
begin by mastering moro elementary
problems. Let him, on meeting a fel
low mortal, learn nt n Klnnco tu dis
tinguish tho history ot tho .man, nnd
tho trndo or profession to which ho be
longs. Pourllo ns such nn exorrtso may
seem. It sharpens tho faculties of ob
servation nnd tenches ono. whom to
look nud what to look for. Dy u man's
finger nails, by his coat sleeve, by bis
boot, by Ida trouser knees, by the cal
losities ot his forefinger and thumb,
by his expression, by his shirt cuffs
by each of these things a man's call
ing la plainly revealed. That nil unit
ed should fall to enlighten tho com
petent Inquirer In any caso Is almost
What Inettablo twaddle!" I cried.
slapping tho magazlno down on tlin
table, "I novor road such rubbish lit
What la It!" asked Sherlock
"Why. this article," I said, pointing
at It with my egg spoon ns I sat down
to my breakfast. "I seo that yau hnvu
read It, slnco you hnvo marked It. I
don't deny that It I smartly written.
It Irritates mo though, It is evident y
this theory of somo nrm-chnlr lounger
who ovolves all these nent llttln para
doxes In tho seclusion ot his own
study. It Is not practical. I should
llko to seo blm clapped down In
third-class carriage on tho Under
ground, and nsked to glvo tho trades
of all of hlg fellow travelers. I would
lay a thousand to ono ngulnst him
You would loso your monoy." Slier
lock Holmes remarked calmly. "As
for tho article. I wroto It mysulf.
"Yes: I hnvo n turn both for obser
vation and for deduction. Tho theories
which I Imvo expressed there, and
which npnear to you to be so chimeri
cal, nro really oxtremely practical so
practical that I depend upon them for
my bread nnu choeso.
"And how?" I asked Involuntarily,
"Well. I havo a trodo of my own. I
supposo I am tbo only onu in the
world. I'm a consulting detective. If
you enn understand whnt that la. Hero
In London wo havo lots of government
detectives, and lots ot private ones
When thoso follows aro nt fault they
como to mo, and I manage to put
them on tho right scont. They lay all
tho cvidenco beforo me, and I nm gen
erally able, by tho help ot my knowl
edgo of tbo history or crimo to set
them straight Thcro Is n strong ram
lly rcsembianco about misdeeds, nnd if
you havo all the details of a thousand
at your linger ends. It Is odd If you
can't unravel tho thousand and first.
Lestrado is a well-known detective,
Ho got himself Into a fog recently
over a forgery caso, and that was what
brought him hero."
"And theso other pconio? "
"Thoy aro mostly sent out by private
Inquiry ngencles. They nro all peoplo
who aro In troublo about something,
and want a llttlo enlightening. I listen
to their story, thoy listen to my com
mcnts, and'then I pocket my feo."
"Hut do you mean to nay, I said,
'that without leaving your room you
can unravel some knot which other
men can mako nothing of, although
they havo seen every detail for thorn
Quite so. I havo a kind of Intuition
that way. Now and again n case turns
up which Is n llttlo moro complox,
Then I havo to bustlo about and seo
things With my own oyes. You. seo, I
have a lot ot special knowlodge which
apply to tho problems, and which fa
dilutes matters wonderfully, Thoso
rules of deduction laid down In that
article which 'aroused your scorn nro
Invaluablo to mo In practical work,
Observation, with mo, is second no.
turo. You appeared to bo surprised
when I told you, on our first meeting,
that you had como from Afghanistan."
"You wero told, no doubt."
"Nothing of tho sort. I know you
camo from Afghanistan. From long
habit tho train of thought rnn so swift
ly through my mind that I arrived nt
the conclusion without bolng conscious
of Intermediate stops, Thcro woro bucIi
Btcns. however. Tho train of reason
lng ran: 'Hero Is a gentleman of n
medical typo, but with thoulr of n mil
itary man. Clearly an nrmy doctor,
then. Ho has Just como from tho
tropics, for his faco Is dark, nnd that
Is not tho natural tint of his skin, for
his wrists aro fair. Ho has undcrgono
hardship and sickness, as his haggard
face says clearly. Ills left arm has
been Injured. Ho holds It In a stiff
and unnatural manner. Whoro In tho
tropics could an English army doctor
seen much hardship and got his nrm
wounded? Clearly In Afghanistan.' Tho
whole train or thought did not occupy
a second. I then remarkod that you
camo from Afghanistan, and you woro
I "It Is slmplo enough ns you explain
It," I said, smiling. "You remind mo
of Edgar Allen Poo's Dupln. I had no
Idea that such Individuals did exist
outside of stories."
1 Sherlock Holmes roso and lighted
"No doubt you think that you aro
complimenting mo In comparing mo to
Dupln," ho observed. "Now, in my
opinion Dupln was a vory Inferior fol
low. That trick of his of breaking In
on his friend's thoughts with an apro
pos remark after a quartor of nn hour's
sllonco Is really vory showy and super
ficial. He had somo analytical gonliiB,
no doubt; but ho wns by no moans
such a phenomenon as Poo appeared to
I "Havo you road daborlau's works?"
I asked, "Docs Lccoq como up to your
Idea of a detoctlvo?"
I Sherlock Holmes snlffod sardonical
ly. I "Lccoq was a miserable blunderer,"
ho said In an angry voice; "ho had
only ono thing to rocomraond him, and
thnt was hla energy. That book mndo
mo positively 111,"
"Tho question was how to Identify
an unknown prlsonor. I could have
done It In twonty-four hours, Lecoq
took six monthn or so, It might be
inado a text book for detectives to
touch them whnt to avoid."
I felt rnlhor Indignant nt having two
chnrncterti whom 1 had admired treat-
mi in this envnller nlylo.
I wnlked over to tho window nm
stood looking out Into tho busy street
"This fellow Jiinv bo very clover." I
sold to myself, "but ho la certainly
"Thoro nro no crimes-nnd no crlm
Inula In those days." ho said, iiunru
lously. "What Is tho use of Imvlng
nrnitiH In our profession? I know well
that I hnvo It In mo to mnko my name
fuuioua. No man lives or baa over
lived who ban brought tho antno
amount of study nnd of natural tnlent
to tho detection of crlmo wlilrli I have
dono. And what Is tho result? Thoro
la no crlmo to detect, or, nt most
somo bungling vlllnny with n .motive
so transparent thnt evon n Scotland
nrd olTlrlnl ran seo through It."
I wan still annoyed nt his humptloii
Btylo of conversation. I thought It best
io change the topic,
"t wonder whnt that fellow Is look
lng for?" I naked, tmlntlntr to n atnl
wnrt, plainly dressed Individual who
was walking slowly down tho other
sitto or tho street, looking nnxlously i)t
tho numbers. lie bad n larse blue on-
volopo In tils hand, nnd wns ovldently
tho bearer of a message.
"You mean tho retired Rorgonnt of
mnriiips." said Sherlock Holmes.
"Ilrng nnd bounce!" thought I to my
self. "Ho knows thnt I cannot verify
Tho thought had hardly pansed
through my mind when tho man whom
wo woro watching caught sight of the
ntimher on our door nnd ran rapidly
across the roadway.
Wo hoard n loud knock, n deep voice
below nnd heavy stepH asrendlng the
"For Mr. Sherlock Holmoa ." ho said
stepping into tho room nnd handing
my friend the letter.
Hero wns un opportunity of Inking
the conceit out of him. Un little
thought of this when ho made that rnn
"May I ask. my lad." I said, blandly,
"what your trado may be?
"Cnmmlssionnlro, sir," ho anld. gruff-
ly. "Uniform nwny for repairs."
"And you wero." I nsked, with
slightly malicious glanro at my com
"A sergeant, Blr: ltoynl Marine
Light Infantry, sir. No nnawer? (tight
Ho clicked bis heels together, raised
his hand In a saluto nud wna gono.
I confess thnt I was considerably
startled by this fresh proof of the
practical nnturo of my companion's
My respect for bis powers of anal
j'bIb Increased wnndrously. Thero still
rumnlned some lurking suspicion In
my mind, however, thnt the whole
thing was n prearranged episode, In
tended to dazzle, me. though -what
earthly object he could hnvo In taking
mo In wna pant my comprehension.
When I looked at him ho had flu
Ished reading tho note, and IiIh oych
assumed tbo varnnt, lack luster ex.
prosslon which showed mental nb
"How In tho world did you deduco
that?" I asked.
"Doduce what?" said ho, petulantly.
"Why, that ho waa a retired Ber
gonnt of marlnoB."
"I have no tlmo for trifles," ho ro
piled brusquely; then, with n smile,
"Excuso my rudeness. You broko tho
thread of my thoughts; but perhaps
It Is Just bb well. So you actually
were not able to see that tho man was
a sergeant of marines."
"It was eoBler to know It than to
explain why I know It. If you woro
asked to prove thnt two nnd two made
four, you might nnd some iiimcuity
and yet you nro qdlto sure of that
fact. Even ncross trio street i couiii
seo n great iiiuo anchor tauooeu on
tbo bnck of tho fellow's hand. Thnt
omnAlml nf ihn aon. lfn hflrl n mill
tary cnrrlngo, howover, ant regulation
sldo whiskers. Thero wo havo tho
mnrlno. Ho was n man with some
amount of self-lmportnnco nnd a cor-
tain air of commnnd. You must havo
observed tho way In which ho held
his head and swung tils cane. A steady,
roBpectablo, mlddlo-ngoil mnn, too, on
tho faco of him all facts which led
mo to bollevo thnt ho had bcon a sor
geant." "Wonderful!" I cjaculatod.
"Commonnlace." said Holmes,
thoueh I thought from his expression
that ho was pleasod at my evident
surprlBa nnd ndmlratlon. "I said Just
now that thoro woro no criminals. It
npponrs that I am wrong look at
this!" Ho throw mo over tho noto
which tho commissionaire had
Why." I cried ns I cast my oyo over
It, "this la temblor
It does seem to bo a llttlo out of
tho common," ho romnrKoa caimiy,
Would you mind reading it to mo
This Is tho lottor which I read to
My Dear Mr. SuoriocK lioimos
Thoro has been a bad buslnoss during
tho night at 3 LnurlBton Gardens, off
tho Urlxton road. Our man on tho
beat saw a light thoro about 2 In tho
mornlnir. nnd us tho house was an
empty ono, auspoctod somothlug was
amiss. Ho found tho door open and In
tho front room, which is bnro of fur
turo, (Uncovered tho body ot a gentle
man, woll dressed nnd having enrds In
his pockot bonrlng tho numo of 'Enoch
Drehuor, uioveianu, umo, u. a. j.
Thoro bad bcon no robbery, nor Is
thoro any ayldcnca as to how tho man
met his death, iiiero nro inarKB ui
blood in tho room, but thoro is no
wound unon his person. Wo nro nt n
loss ns to how ho camo Into tho empty
houso; indood, tho wholo affair la a
puzzler. If you, can come round to tho
houso any tlmo boforo 12 you will find
mo there. I havo loft everything In
statu quo until I hoar from you. If
vou aro unnblo to como I shall glvo
you fuller details, and would esteem It
n groat klndnoBB If you would favor
mo with your opinion. Yours faithful
ly, TUI1IAH UHEUBUN."
"arogson la tho smartest of tho
Scotland Ynrdors," my friend re
marked. "Ho and Lestrado nro tho pick
of a bad lot. Thoy nro both quick and
energetic, but conventional shocking
ly so, Thoy hnvo tholr knives Into
each othor, too, Tliy uro nn Jealous
ns n pair ot professional beauties,
Thoro will bo somo fun over this case'
It thoy aro both put upon tho scent,"
t was mnnznd nt tho calm wax tn
which ho rippled on,
"Hurely thoro Is not n moment to ho
lost," I cried! "shall I go nnd ordor
you n enh?"
"I nm not ntiro about whether I shall
go, I nm tlio .most Incurably lazy dev
il thnt over Blood In bIioo leather
that Is, when tho lit la on mo, for I can
ho spry enough nt Uijich,"
"Why, It Is Just such n chnnco as
you hnvo beau longing for."
"My dear follow, what does It mat
ter to mo? Suppose 1 unravel tho
wholo matter, you may bo sure that
Grcgson, I.estindo ft Co. will pocket
nil tho credit. Thnt romoa ot being
an utioltlt'lnl parsonage."
""Hut ho begs you to help blm,"
"Yea, Ho knows that I nm Ida su
perior, nnd acknowledges It to mo;
hut ho would rut his tongue out boforo
ho would own It Io any third' porHOii.
However, wo may ua well go nud have
n look. I nhnll work It out on my own
hook. I may have a laugh at thnui,
If 1 havo nothing Ibo. Como on!"
Ho bunded on his overcoat, nnd bus
tled about In n way that allowed that
nn onorgetlo fit had superseded tlio
"(let your bat," ho Bald.
"You wish mo to eouiu?"
"Yea, If you hnvo nothing bettor to
A mlnuto later wo woro both In n
hniiBom, driving furiously for thn
It was n foggy, cloudy morning, nnd
ii dun-colored veil hung over tho houso
tops, looking llko tho reflection of tho
mud colored streets, beneath.
My companion was In tbo best of
splrltH, nnd prattled nwny about Cre
mona fiddles, and tlio dlffuroncn be
tween a Strndlvnrlus and nn Amntl.
A for mvseir. t was Bllent, for tho
dull weather nnd tho .melancholy husl-
ness upon which wo weio engaged de
pressed my spirits.
"You don't Beem to glvo much
liinncht tn the matter tn hand." 1 said
nt last Interrupting Holmes' musical
"Nn data yet." ho answered. "It Is
n capital mistake tn theorize beforo
you havo nil the eviuenw. u uino
the Judgment." ,
"You will have your uain smiii, i
remarked, pointing with my fltiKor,
it.ta ! thn Ilrljton road, ami mat is
tho .house. If I am not vory much mis
tnkon." "Ho It Is. Stop, driver, slop:
v worn Btttl n hundred yards or so
fmm It. but ho insisted upon our
alighting, and wo finished our Journey
(Tu I") continual.)
A POSEH IN ARITHMETIC.
Esiy Qutitlon (hit Will Puult Semi el Iht
It you ask n mail in tlio street the
liiinln uiiestlon. "What Is 1 divided by
a ball?" lie Hill either reply that the
operation is an IniiMwslhlo ono or that
the answer is a half. When yoil point
out that 1 divided by 2 Is a halt, ho
will seo that there Is something wrong
somewhere, but will t 1 1 I bo unite un
able tn glvo the right answer. When
you tell him that thu niisaer is 2, ho
will either actcpl tlio nsrerllnu without
iinderrtnlidllig It, or will dispute It
tooth nnd nail. It you attompt to con
vince him o( his error, vou will find It
Is not nt all an easy tank.
Mil mistake arises throiiifli tint con
founding of twniliitlnct ilia iiniuoly,
1 divided into ., and 1 divided by 2.
Onu divided Into '.' Is 1 divided Into
two parts, each containing n halt. Ojio
divided by is Iho tutlo ol I to 2, or
tlio number o( times -' is contained in
ono. To anyouo who lias thought tlio
mutter out this seems -clear enough, but
to the man in lliu street It In sheer
nonsense, and ho will tell you so.
A Cruthlnj Ktply.
Itnferrlnir In tint " I'liltilt and Pew"
question raised by Dr. Morton's In
turestlng experiment, u North London
'f tlilnlr ui, mltilsli.rtf rntlier rtdlsll
criticism, but wo get too llttlo of It."
Ono 'ri'idlN .In this connection tho
story of tho young minister walking
homo with one ol too eiders niter too
(hdlvnrniira nt Ids first Hermon. After
some moments' slleiuo tbo latter ob
'You wero not long."
'I nm lerv iilnd tn bear vou suv no."
replied tho youthful cleric; "I was
Iraid I wus tedious."
"Oh," was tho crushing reply, "you
fero tcdloiiB." Westminster Uuzetto,
An Anirchlit Candidate.
For tho first tlmo In tlio parliamen
tary history of Italy nn avow oil anarch
ist, l'lotro Calraguo Is a candidate for
a roat In the chamber o( deputies, lie
lives on a small. Island In the Mediter
ranean and must not lonvu I hero with
out government convent. Klguor Oil-
caguo has been Imprisoned several
times becniiKO of his anarchistic utter
ances, wus released only n short tlmo
ago on account ot III health nud has
lied to this country and to Kuglnnd
moro than onro to oncito Iho Kllcu.
"dnttnrifil 1 1 . 1 .lu nrn I'lltilulitlw, Rinn
thoro will bo no north, no south, no
cast, no west!"
I'Vuii T Mi,tt,nan 1 1 a ntilu n fiiinallnn
ot tlmo until thoy get up a corporation
big enough to own the wholo country."
What lit Could Do.
Tommy Ma, may I Imvo Jimmy
ftrlggs over to play on Saturday?
Mth. 1'oggH ro, yuti mnko too much
noiso. You'd belter go down to his
houso and play,
The Larjtit Dome .
Tho largest dome In tho world is that
of tho Lutheran church at Win saw,
Its interior dlnmoler Is 200 foot. That
of tho llrltlbli museum library Is 130
'Thoy havo two Borvantn."
"Huh! That's nothing. Wo
usually hnvo two lu-oiir Houso ono
going nnd ono coming." Philadelphia.
Uathtr Iron Cow'i Hide. ,
i cow's hldo produces thlrty-flvo
pounds ol leather, and that of n horso
about olghtoen pounds, .
Friend Got any defense?
Criminal No; but I'vo got a first-
lass lawyer, l'uck.