Bohemia nugget. (Cottage Grove, Or.) 1899-1907, March 21, 1902, Image 7

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Many I'olnli of Jnillct Involved Ntgarillng
HUlili ill Present Owntfi il l.ncki and
Manufadurlng lliitrrprlsts Shall Govern
inenl lluy or llullil? Stipulation! ai In
Uke Washington Canal.
W Milngl n, March 111. Tim rivers
nml harbors hill, iih piosiintiiil by tho
house 1-1 tut in 1 1 1 , authorizes tlm tut rutin-y
of war to ascertain tliruiiKli u iMinnl
tl engineers whether tlm iiciIiIhIIIoii of
tint triiiint canal anil locks lit Willam
ette IiiIIm, or tlm construction nf cmiul
mill locks Ity tlm government ami tholr
titration (or tlm exclusive benefit of
tlm navigation of tlio Willamette rlvnr
would, Ity wlthrnwing tlio waters ol
this rlvnr from Its customary chancla,
materially liijiirn tlm manufacturing
enterprises now in iiinriitioii or contem
plated lit tint f 1 1 1 1 h ; iiImi to ascertain
through tlio department of justice
whether tint I'ortliinil (ieiicral ICli-ctrli'
Coiniiiny, by view of its oisimrnli i j of
properly nt Willamette (iiIIh, Iiiih legal
right against tint United Hiatus for tint
full, froo mid continued iihiiitf tlm man
ilfarurlng cntcrprlfcs now located on IIh
property; whether tho water la needed
for navigation, mil If so, what iiuitliinl
would bo necessary on tint part of tlio
government to ai'iiiiri) tltln to such
water for navigation purposes, ami tbu
iiiciisiirii of dmiiiigos It must pay tlio
In linking tbu allowance uf f 1 00,
flflO for tlio Foutllit canal, tint bill stip
ulates tbat tblH appropriation, together
wi Hi tlio unexpended ltiilani'i), nliall 1st
expended In securing, by dredging tint
low til or cliiiiini'l 10 fix't in ilcptli
from Hhllsholtt bay through Salmon buy
to tint wharves at. Ilallanl. Tlio bill
til ho provides for n board of engineers
to mukti surveys anil examinations ns
to tlio feasibility ami iidviHihillty of
constructing a cnnnl connecting Piigot
found with Lakes Union ami Wneltliig
ton, nml to nlso examine a routo for a
tdiuilar rutin I connecting i: I Holt buy
aitli IjikcM Union and Wnshingtitn,
with a view to determining tint fcnsibll
Ity of such n routo. Tlio board of en
gineers nliall Invito proposals for tint
Sonltlomid I.nko WttBlilugton waterway,
nml for tint construction of a similar
mal connecting Ivlloitt bay with both
laki'H. This iMiard tdiall nlsn report on
tit u relatvii advantages of all prnpond
routes. "Nothing heroin nliall bit con
strued an tlio adoption of any project
for tint construction of a waterway con
necting Piigot khi ml with IjikcM Union
ami Washington," Ih tint precautionary
wiving phrase inserted in tlio bill aftor
tlm foregoing provlHioiiH.
With rt'Hiiril to tlio npproprinion for
Tiieomn hnrlsir, tlio hill stipulntitH that
noun of tlio fund Mini I lo expended un
til n ruhinso from liability for damage"
rlinll bo nbtnlncil, if any linbllty exists
arising from n contract between the
dtato of Washington nnd It. II. Loh
man, nml right la obtained to doixtslt
mntornl drodgod from tlio projtosed
rltnnnol on ndjnri'nt tidu landa, or in
tlio deep water of Commcii'-omont hay.
Ttc Obccti to a Bill Removing the Charge
of Desertion.
Washington, Mnrch 13. Prosidont
Hoosevclt has font hit) firBt veto moa
fago to congress. It wnH directed to
tlio Fonato and tlio bill votood was nil
removing tlio charge of desertion from
tho nnval record of John Glass.
Aftor tho monsago had been ditliv
orod, Sonator Gallinuor, from tho com
inittco on nnval nffalrH, rend tho re
port of tho oommittoo on which tho
noimtii acted. I'rom that Htatement it
ujtpenrH thnt GIuhh enl luted in January,
18(11, when only 10'yoarH old, nnd thnt
'having witneHHed an net which com
promlhod tho (ecoiid olllcor of tho nhip,
ho wiih taken on Hhoro in March of thnt
yoar by that olllcor and told not to re
port iiKiiin for duty. Tlio committoo
wiyn thnt thic order toKothor with GlnHn'
youth was rofposiblo for IiIh doHertion.
Rebel Lost Wat 600.
Colon, Coloiubin, Mnrch l!t. A pa
por publiBhed nt Hondn, on tho Miik
duli'iiii river, contniiiH nn neconnt of n
battlo at Soeliii, nenr lloKotn, February
2!1, in which tho rovolutinnlHtH iiutn
berod about 2,000 men, whilo tho rov
ernment lmd 11,000 oiiBiiKod. Tho rov
olntionlHtH lout 200 mon killlod or
wounded nnd hnd -100 mon tnkon prls
enom. Dig Warehouse Burnet',
Chicago, March 13. Tlio flvo ntory
brick warohouBoctf tho HrunRwlck-lliilko
Collondor Company, located fit WoIIb
and Huperlor strentB, wiih prnctlcnlly
dotitroyod by flro tonight. Loss, f 175,
000. Tho prlnclpnl item of Iohb wiih n
groat qunntity of glnfifl rocontly Import
eil, nnd which would hnvo boon luod
for mnkinB mirrors. Tlio valuo of tho
.glnsa doatroyod was $100,000.
.Sailed frotn New York on the lllg llatnlturg
Atnerlian Liner Deulidilanil.
New York, .Mnrch 12. Trlnco Henry
oMVuhhIh willed for (ieruimiy on board
tlio Ilmiibiirg-Auiorli'iiu liner IIimiIhcIi
laud yenlerdny aflitriioon. I J Ih IiihI day
In Amurlca wiih Hpent ontiroly on hoard
tlm DdiiIhcIiIiiiiiI, but It wiih filled with
pli'iinlng iiicldentH.
Tho prlni o breakfiiHted early nml about
10 o'clock began to receive olllcllil faro
well vlHllorn, including reiri!HenliitlvcH
of (leriiiuny in thin country and thimo of
tho United HtateH goveriiiuent.
Tho uiouiberH of tho party which ac
companied tho prince on bin tour worn
li Im guoHtH at lunciioon. (;ovorH were
laid for 28 perHoiiH In the dining room
of the nhip, nml iiiuhIc wiih (nniltilKi'l
by the hand from the lloheii.ollerii.
At the cliifii of tho lunchoon, when it
'limit tiuio to nay giHMlbyo, the prince,
taking a ritHo from the table, Haiti:
"Thin Ih the badge of that which I
hnvo Im-cii admiring during my entire
trip to the United HtnteH American
beauty." lie placed the llower in bin
buttonhole, mid each guenl followed IiIh
Immedlatuly after the liiuchiytn, at
the prinie'H iiivltatfaon, tho party
went to the couimaniler'H bridge of the
DeiitHchlaml, and wiih there photo
graphed. Then tlio real leavetaking
began. The Dual farowellH were mild
by inemberH of the (ierinan cmhuHxy at
When the nhip niIIimI nil the np
proachcH ami the pier wiih crowded.
The llrnt cabin Hectiou of the Uoutfch-
laud wiih packed all the afternoon with
piiHt-uugorH and thuir friuudn, and in
mniiy onHOH womnn hnd to Ixt rewml
from the itiihIi to hco the prince. The
DeiitHchlaml failed at .'1:15. Ah hIio
moved away from her pier the cheering
wiih continuoiiH. The prince appeared
on the bridge and bowed. All down
North river tho punning tugn and craft
of every dcfcription gave the great liner
ami her diatiuguiHhcd piiHiougcr n noiny
ecml-off. At the Ilatliiry, which wnH
reacheil at I o'clin'k, a crowd cheered an
the vchhoI Hteaiued down the bay. Tho
Poiltt-clilmiiJ reacheil the NarrowH at
1:35. 1'ortH WadHWorth mid Hamilton
tired HiilutcH, which were niiHWered by
the DeiitHchlaml, ami the gnrriwm nt
1'ort ndHWorth lined up on the bluff
until the Mfiuuor hnd punned out into
tint lower bav.
The prince'H npnrtineutH on tlio
Deut-clilatid include the captain'H cab
in nnd three other adjoining rnoniH, ei
peeinlly connecteil for bin line. Tint
social hall on the Deiitnchland wiih
beautifully decorated witli llowern, and
there wiih a profuHinn of them in the
princeV Hiiite of roouiH. Tho compiiuy
had aim tat-tefully decoratiil the pier.'
Henry and Rooievelt Exchange Farewell
Wanhington, March 12. Tho fol
lowing exchangeH tinik plnco Itetueeu
I'rinco Henry of 1'riiHHin anil 1'reHidont
"Holtoken, N. J., Murch 11, 1002.
Tho proHldentnf the United Htaten: On
thin day of my departure, I beg to
than k you pemonally, iih well an tho
nation whono gueHt I have been, for all
tho kimlnoHH. conniilerntion mid good
feeling I have met with during my
visit to your intereHting country. I
hoito that my vIhK might liuvo in-
crenMMl the feoliugH of friendship lie-
tween tho country I represent mid tho
United htateH. lliilding you farewell,
lot mo wlnh you ovory poHnlblo hucccbh,
and, pray, remember mo to MrH. ItiKtno
volt nnd Minn Itoonovolt, who no chnrm-
ingly nml with ho much pluck nccom
pliHlied her tank when launching bin
majetity'H yacht Meteor. Once inoro,
moHt hearty thnuka. May we moot
"IIKINIUCII, Prince von Pnwaian."
"White Houno, WnHhington, 1). C,
Mnrch 11. Henry, I'rinco of PriiPBin,
Steamer Deiitnchland, Hamburg Dock,
Ilobokou, N. J.: Not only hnvo I on
joyed your visit perHonnlly, but on bo-
half of my countrymen I winh to ex
press to you tlio pleasure it ban been to
nee you and the real good I think your
visit has ilouo in promoting n feeling of
friendship Itetween Uemany and tho
United States. It Ih my most earnest
wish that this feeling may ntengtlien
steadily. MrH. Hoonovolt sends her
waniont regards, ns would nlso MIhb
Uoosovolt if hIio were not nbfcut. Pray
prosent my heartiest greeting to lain
majesty, the uoriiian emperor. Again
I thank you for your visit nnd wish you
all good luck wherever you may bo.
More Shocks at Shamaka.
St. PotorHburg. Mnrch 13. Sovoro
oarthqunko Hhocks hnvo rocurrod nt
Shiimnka, TranscaucaRia. About
000 persons are destitute as a rosult of
tho Hubterranean diBturbnncoH which
occurred nt Shamaka about thu mlddlo
of Fobrunry.
Railroad Wireless Telegraphy.
DnlhiH, Tex., Mnrch 13. Prosidont
U. II. Green, of tlio Toxns Mldlnnd
Itnilrond, bus recolvod n telegram from
tho Unltod States pntont olllcoat Wnah
Ington, announcing tho nwnrd to him
of a nntont on a system of wlreloas te
logrnphy. Prosidont Greon Btatod lntt
nialit thnt ho will, ns soon ii8 possible,
liiBtnll his wlreloas syntom on the Mld
lnnd, which will bo the Urat railroad in
the world that will uao tlio system.
Ilrlllilt f circe lladly Defeated, forty one Be
ing Killed and Seventy-seven Wounded,
While Two Hundred More Are Reported
as Missing Newt of the Disaster Came
Like a Thunderbolt to London.
Iimlon, Mnrch 12. It was an
nounced today that General Ird
Mothiiou mid four guns had licon cat
lured by tlio lioorH commanded by Gen
eral Delarey. Tho iiowh cjirno like n
thunderltolt to Ixtndon. Tho extra I 'll
tioiiH of the evening pnpern giving mi
account of the disaster were eagerly
Itought up. Tholr readers hurried
througli the strcotn with anxious faces
and hitter remarks were panned on the
subject of the government's declaration
that the war in South Africa wan over.
The news wnH received in the houno
of commons amid grent excitement.
The rending of Ixtrd Kitchener's telo
gram by Mr. ilrodrick, the war secre
tary, wiih listened to in deep silence,
which wiih broken by loud Irinh cheers.
Instantly there were crloH of "nhame,"
"nhaiiie," from tho government
lionchcH. Then tho Irish members
neenied to think lsttterof their outbreak
and suddenly subsided. The nnbpe
ipient euloglstli: references to General
Methuen were received witli cheers.
In brief I-ord Kitchener announced
that when General Metliuen was catt-
tureil, wounded, with four guns, three
British ollicers and 38 men were killed,
nml that five officers nml 72 men were
wounded. In addition one ollicur mid
200 men were reported minning.
Thotoxtof Iird Kitcliener's dispatch
announcing tlio capture of General
Methuen is as follows:
"Pretoria, Mnrch 12. I greatly re
gret to hnvo to send you bad news of
Methuen. Ho was moving with 00
mounted men tinder Mnjor Paris, nnd
300 infantry, four guns nnd a pom pom
from Wynburg to Mtchonburg, nnd wns
to meet Greufel, with 300 mounted
men, nt liovirninosfontein today. Yes
terday morning early ho was attacked
by Delnroy's forco 1 otweon Palmietonill
nnd TwoboHch. Tho JJoors charged on
three sides.
"Five hundred mid fifty men liavo
como in nt Mnriliogt) nnd Krnnipnn.
They wore pursued by the Poors four
miles from the scene of action. They
report thnt Mothtton and PnriH, with
the guns, baggage, etc., were captured
by tlio Poors. Methuen, when Inst
neon, wiih n prisoner. I hnvo no de
tails of tho casualties, nnd suggest de
laying publication until I can send
definite news. I think this sudden re
vival of activity on tho part of Dolnroy
is to draw off tho troops pressing De
wet." In a Bccond dispatch Ixird Kitchener
"Paris has como in at Kranipass with
tho remainder of the men. Ho reports
that tho column was moving in two
parties. Ono witli tlio ox wagons left
Twebosh at 3 A. M. The other with
tho mule wagons, started an hour Inter.
Just boforo dawn the Poors attacked.
Ilefore roinforcemonts could reach them
tho rear guard broke In tho mean
time, a largo number of Boers galloped
on ltoth Hanks. Those were checked by
tho flank parties, but the stampede of
tho mules had begun and all the mulo
wagons, with a torriulo mixture ol
mounted men, rushed past tho ox wag
ons. All ellorts to chock them were
unavailing. Mnjor Pnrla collected 40
mon and occupied a position a mile in
front of tlio ox wagons, which were
then halted. Aftor a gallant but life
loss defense tho enomy rushed into tho
ox wagons and Methuen was wounded
n tho thigh. Paris, being surrounded,
surrendered at 10 A. M. Methuen is
still in tho Poor camp."
Surveying an Oklahoma Road,
Guthrio, O. T. March 12. Tho survey
has been made and portions of tho con
tract lut for tho grado of tho Denvor,
Guthrio A Southeastern Hailwny, which
outers Oklahoma at tlio extreme north
west corner nnd runs southeasterly to
Guthrie, South McAlestor nnd New
Orleans. It is llnanced by Denver enpi-
Business Block Destroyed.
Peavor Falls, Pa., Mnrch 12. Tho
Harold block was completely destroyed
by flro nt mi early hour in tho morning,
otituiling a loss of f 75,000.
Government Troops Gaining.
Washington, Mnrch 12. Tho United
Statos minister to Colombia roports to
the stnto dopnrtmont, under dato of
March 3, thnt, during tho precoding
week tho government troops hnd stead
ily ndvnncod nnd occupiod important
positions near Bogota which had been
vncutod by tho revolutionary forcoa,
who oro understood to bo in n dosporato
situation and seeking an opportunity to
Boston freight Handlers Making Hard Fight
lor Unionism.
Boston, March 12. War between
tho organized tenmsters, freight and
express handlers of Boston ami two
groat railroad corporations, the New
I York, Now Havon t Hartford ami the
Now York Central A Hudson Hiver
, Itallroads, tho latter locally known as
tho Boston A Albany, broke out Uslay.
Tho strike, which Ih a sympathetic no,
already involves 8,000 men in and
a Unit Boston.
Stopping work lie'-aimo of tint dis-
ehlirtl, rif lltilrtfl , U'lirt lintrn r..r,tu..l
to handle non-union moved freight, tho
I various organizations now on strike
rondo every effort today to extend their
sphere of Influence to affiliated iKslies,
.while the corjiorationH energetically
tried to llll the strikers' places and to
receive anil dispatch goodHoffered them.
Both met with some measure of suc
cess. Tomorrow tho local employes of
tho great express companies, the AdantH
mid tin- Now York A Boston, two com
panies whirls bundle practically all of
the fast freight in Southern New Kng
land, will refuse to work, while neveral
smaller bodies of organized labor, such
iih the brewery teamnterH and the piano
movers, iih well ns freight handlers in
Kast BoHton, will 1st idle. On the
other hand, tho New York, New Haven
A Hartford Hailroad, after succeeding
today in moving considerable freight
by Italian Intar, will alignment tho
forco tomorrow, and tlio Boston A Al
bany exjiects to have a largo mimlier
of men at work in its freight sheds.
Tho action of tlio express men in
joining the freight handlers will quick
ly affect the freight business with near
by business centers like Worcester,
.Springfield, Hartford, New Iliuen,
Providence, Full Itiver nml New Bed
ford. LONG 8TEP8 OUT.
Secretary of the Navy Hands His Resignation
to the President.
Wanhington, March 12. Tho third
change in tho cabinet of President
Hoonevelt occurred when Secretary
Long submitted IiIh resignation in a
beautiful letter, it being accompanied
by one equally felicitous by tho presi
dent. Tho change was made complete
by the selection of Representative Will
iam Henry Moody, of the Sixth con
gressional district of Massachusetts, as
Mr. long's successor in tho navy de
partment. This change has bcon expected for a
long time. Mr. 1-ong hnd intended to
retire at the beginning of tho lato Pres
ident McKiuloy's second term, but ho
consented to remain until certain lines
of policy in which ho was involved
were more satisfactorily arranged.
Then when President Uoosovelt suc
ceeded, though anxious to return to
private life for Secretary Long will
never again enter public life a strong
feeling of loyalty toward Mr. Koosevelt
induced the secretary to defer his re
tirement until it wns convenient for tho
president to mako n change. Recently
Mr. Long has been in Massachusetts
making arrangements with his old legal
connections to re-enter the practice of
law, and he has had his house at Hing
hmn put in order for his occupaton.
When Mr. Long entered tho cabinet
originally ho was nn active member of
tho firm of Hemingway A Long, a well
known legal firm of Boston. Ho has
always maintained a silent connection
witli tho concern, and will again be
come an active partner.
Immense Ice Floes Reported Off the Coast of
Japan Early Spring in the North.
Port Townsend, Wnsh., March 12.
The British chip Bann, tho last of tho
storm-bound fleet off the entrance to tho
Straits of Juan de Fuca, lias arrived,
93 days from Iquiquo, 34 days of which
sho was storm-bound off the straits.
Seven times tho Bann got inside of
Capo Flattery, and as no tug was there
to pick her up, sho was compelled to
Hit back to era. Tho Bann reports no
othor vessels off tho Capo.
Tho British steamship Oceano reports
to tho local United States hydrographic
offlco as having encountered an im
menso ico lloo about 200 miles off tho
Japanese coast, abreast tho entrance to
Sugar straits. So oxtensivo was tho ice
lloo that tho steamer was conipolled to
chango her course nnd steam for several
hours to avoid coming in collision witli
tho ico. Tho ico lloo is in tho direct
path of vessels sailing to tho Orient,
mid na it ia quito extensive, it ia dan
gerous to navigation. Tho captain of
tho Oceano snys tho Ico is from lour to
nix feet out of the water, nnd some of
tho berga aro many feet ncross, and
cannot bo seen until tho vesfol is among
them. This is tho first, time ico has
been booh off tho Japanese coast in that
vicinity. It is thought that tho floe
ca mo from Bohring Straits and tho
Arctic ocean, and that, through somo
unknown caueo tho ico pack in the
Arctic has broken oarlior and that it in
dicate an early spring in tho north.
Large Fire at Paris.
Paris, March 12. Tho biggest blazo
seen in Pari8 slnco tho burning of tho
Opora Comiquo, in 1807, broke out last
night in tho corner of a block of waro
housoa in tho Ruo Montmartre. Thu
waronousoa wcro occupied by 10 firms,
and tho lowor floors of tho building
woro fillod with silk, volvot and woolon
gooda. Thoso mntoriala causod tho flro
to rngo furiously nnd tho fjamea spread
rapidly to tho upper portions of tho
j buildings, usod as residences.
v ) r, T-
lute for 1'imttirc Fence.
It Is always desirable to have some
sort of n gate In the pasture field fence,
l ot It Is not always easy to build one
that Is nt once stock-proof and easy to
operate when necessary. The arrange
ment as shown In the Illustration Is not
In reality n gate, but a passageway, so
placed thnt the stock cannot get
through, but through which n person
may readily pass. No explnnntlon of
the plan Ih needed, for It Is plainly
shown by the Illustration. Thlt fence
may lie arranged so as to provide a
double gate by hinging the open portion
stock rnoop Vassaoewat.
In the foreground so that when closed
the post will come In snugly against
the fence post, nnd be held In place by
a wire loop dropped over both posts;
then the gate In the background should
nlso be placed on hinges, so that when
closed It will lap over against the fence
about two feet, and be held In place by
a staple and hook.
Dehorning Cowa anil CulveH.
There has always been more or less
argument over the question of dehorn
ing, and while It may be admitted tbat
the process Is painful, and. In the case
of an adult animal, causes a shock to
the nervous system, It Is not at all like-'
ly that the young calf suffers more
than momentary pain, and the process
certainly does not Injure the animal In
any way. The process of preventing
the growth of the horns on the young
calf Is to take the animal when It Is
three or four weeks old. and after lo
cating the embryo horn with the linger,
rub the spot for a minute or two. or
until It gets quite red. with a stick of
caustic potash, which may be bought
at any drug store. The potash should
be moistened slightly, but not enough
so that It will run. for It will tnke off
the hair wherever It touches It. Wrap
the end held In the hand with a cloth,
to prevent burning the hand. The
work Is quickly done, and if thoroughly
done, the horns will not grow. It Is
generally considered that the age
named about n month Is nearer the
right time than earlier, and the work
should never be attecpted with potash
after the calf Is six or eight weeks old
or after the button has assumed much
A Promising Plum.
ilany plum growers are disappointed
that no varieties of hybrid plums are
on the market this year thnt orlglnnted
the grounds of
Luther Burbank.
of C a 1 If o r n la,
that prince of hy
bridizers. There
Is. however, a va
riety that Is ex
tremely promls-
ing, a Seedling
ns yet unnamed
1 LUM- trom pollen one
of the best of the hybrid plums. It Is
said that Mr. Kurbank Is experiment-
ing with crosses which will produce
varieties suited for the far North. Two.
at least, of the hybrids from tins
source, tho Golden nnd the Ickson.
have proved valuable In any section
where the plum can be grown success
fully, and If this list can bo exteuded.
plum growing will again become ono
of the profitable branches of fruit cul
ture. Artificial Ice.
Few people who are not In the busi
ness, and some who nre, have but a
faint Idea of the great Increase In tho
manufacture nml sale of artificial Ice
in the decade from 1S90 to 1000. Tho
census bureau says that In 1S90 there
wero 222 manufactories In the United
States, with a production valued at
$4,000,OS3 on an Invested capital of
$0,S40,4(5S. In 1000 there were 780 Ico
manufactories, producing $ 1.1,830,55-1
worth, with a cnpltnl of $38,159,324.
Put we think this does not reduce the
demand for tho natural product of our
waters as do the many cold-storago
plants which do not use Ice, but cold
nlr. We hnvo not been able to find any
statement of their number or Increase.
American Cultivator.
Cow Venn for the Orchnrd.
Whilo tho usual plan of Intelligent or
chardlsts Is the best pnder normal con
ditions that of the shallow cultivation
between the trees during the summer
there are times nnd certain conditions
whero tho cbwpens would bo of tho
greatest value. Take, for example, soil
it h r- Jl I i yr -
f- ij. . ... -
badly run down; here cowpeaa, sown
late In May or early In .tune, would bo
more valuable to the soli than summer
cultivation, for they would aild'tnuch
lieeded nitrogen to It and conserve tlm
moisture In the soil quite as well as tho
siiinmer cultivation. Then. If the top
were out In the fall, early, the stubble
nml roots turned under nnd the ground
sown to a cover crop, tho result wonlil
be seen the following season. It Is truo
that It might be necessary to cut tho
cow-pens green, In order to get In the
cover crop early enough, but even thea.
the growth during the hot weather wilt
hnvo done the soil on Immense amount
of good.
Former at Cnlleae.
A number of agricultural colleges re
port that many of the students taking
the short winter course arc men who
are operating farms, many of thorn
men who own the farms they work.
This Indicates that farmers are begin
ning to realize thnt they must keep np
with the modem methods. It Is frank
ly admitted that some of the more nd
vnnced methods In some lines cannot
be adapted to nil cases, but there Is not
n farmer In the country but who would
give considerable If he had some knowl
edge of chemistry. Far
ther. It Is hnrdly probable that any In
telligent man could attend one of tho
colleges for this short course and not
leam enough on general lines to par
him well for the expense. One of tho
best fruit growers In New York State,
a mnji who has made a comfortable
sum for his work during the last dozca'
years. Is taking the short course at
Cornell College. He agreed tbat ho
knew considerable about fruit growing,
but said that he was not so strong on
agricultural chemistry as he should bo
and wanted more knowledge In this di
rection that he might know better now
to use commercial fertilizers. He fig
ured that he would be reimbursed for
his expense In a single purchase of fer
tilizer, for the knowledge gained would"
enable him to buy more Intelligently.
Two Farm Convenience.
A handy way to carry swill Is to take
an old walking cultivator, take tho
beams off and fasten a couple of hooka
on the tongue, near
the rear end, and
take n small barrel
and bore a couplo
of boles In Its rim
In which to hook
on the hooks. Fas-
swill CAimiEix. ten the barrel, and
one can either push or pull to where it
Is wanted.
A very handy fodder cutter and corn
topper can be made by using a light.
. xtout bench or cutting box. Take two
i oiu plow lays anil
1 have them sharp-
ened nnd made to
act on the same
principle as a pair
of shears. One can
be fastened to the fodder cutter.
lever and one to the bench or box. Taa
Illustration shows only one plow lay,
and It Is possible to do fairly good work:
with one lay.
Winter nutter Making.
Cream for churning must at all times
be kept above the freezing point or
there Is difficulty getting the butter.
For small churnlngs. where the milk
Is kept In pans, the method of a New
York gtate prlze butter maker ,g R good
one to follow. Have a few extra pan
and in each put a half pint of boiling
j water; then strain the mllK Into this
, pan, and so on with the other pans,
i These pans of milk should have tho
t cream removed In ten or twelve hours
i and when a churning Is ready set the
quantity over a boiler of hot water and
stir It occasionally, weep it over too
I ..,. .,. ..n.l It toata 7K nr SO ilc-rom
Uv Ml ,),.,. nnn nf ,
troul)les ,n wlnter ,)Utter mnklng comcn
from trylI1B to churn tue nr04inct or
i cows tuat nre near caiv,nSi and tng ,
partIculariy lmrd t0 overcome. Indeed,
uness decide(i cnnnce can he made
n tlle focJ glven tue anIn)a, u w ba
I us,ess t0 exnect nnvthlm? but trouble
In churning. An Increase In the bran
portion of the ration and the addltlom.
of some green food will likely Improve
the consistency of the milk.
Spreading Manure tn Winter.
The Agricultural Department reports
tbat Its experiments with fodder beets
followed by wheat In plowing under
manure ns soon ns spread, or spreading
It over the surface of the ground and
letting it lie two mouths during the
winter, tho former method proved s
saver of plant food. We never doubted
thnt It would be so on certain soils, and
do not feci sure that it would prove ss
on all. Put we think the lesser labor
of drawing out In winter, and tho gala
by having so much work done hefor
the spring planting begins, more thus
equals tho loss where the winter ma
nure la not washed away by spring
thaws or rains.
Bnultary Cow Btnlilen.
As soon as the stables aro cleaned
sprinkle u quart of dust behind each
cow. then add tho absorbent, and If
the owner will prevent the wet places
about the stable and attend to keeping
the bedding dry there Is no reason why
the stable should not be so snnltnry
thnt tho finest and best milk In tho
world enn bo mnde In It, the best prod
ucts secured and the stnblo smells and
tastes wholly eliminated.