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About Bohemia nugget. (Cottage Grove, Or.) 1899-1907 | View Entire Issue (Aug. 16, 1901)
,58ED QUIETLY AWAY AT THE
'. Son. Kiln' WIIHim uf Oerminv, Kln
iilvti. l,""n-ton. Su"",f
f,cm Oncif and Uropiy-lntirment wlU
l' q, tt Potidam.
ftonl A MB. O.-Ki.iprc.s Fred
il,litHlt():iri p. 111. yesterday.
ilrcn cro "'!,r001" ,ll(M,t
j the tin)' Profowmrs Itonvorfi uml
frfellmK'" wor" ni"" llor r"0,"
rjiefliKOii tho cusllo wui I"11"1''''
ViniK.'rof William arrived ut Horn.
tart A 3 I5ycterdny morning uml
o tlio llombiirgonstle. Thence,
Princo Frederick William,
Lrded to FroldricholT, which ho
gbdl at 5 i!0 o'clock.
jll 8 o'clock tli if evening, Emperor
tVllliini conducted tlio member of
Ibido")!01' cmprcw' household Into
Ibtdmtli cliiimlxir uml led thorn cum
if one pat H'O bodnldo t lko last
Qrfwcl'0' tn"'r ' I" t rM.
Cloudy following tlio announce
tMiit of tlio tlcntli (nun tlio castle,
Iba cluirch lelln wcro tolled und tho
lilt Imlfiiuwtrd. Visitors to tlio
(title Ikih InwrlbhiR their nanus
in i Ixwk placed for tlio purpose in
tfce liall. , , ,
( ii iwld tlio oniixo ol (loath was
dropiy nrcompaiiyltiK rancor. Tlio
KOiirkable vitality of tlio downer
MprMii astonished her physician.
Sbeictatncd coiisoIoiiaiio to tlio end.
The r Mitlo grounds nto now sur
rounded by sold torn mid it rolled by
Lawn and mounted imiIIco.
SCORE WERE KILLED.
$4 pWldelphli Bulldlnji Wrecked by Explo.
lion- lire Added lo the Horror,
l'liiUdilnliiii. Atic. 7. A terrific
ipiiioii in a block of nix building
on Locust street near Tonth wrecked
fn'of tb structure uml chiihiI tlio
omIIi of prolmt'ly -0 or moro ioriwinit.
Orr two H'oro of others wore more or
Im Knotmly Injured. It in estimat
ed (hat at leant M pvronii wore in the
tie buildings wlion tlio oxploiiioii
eceurrcd und tlio exact mimlor of
tad will probably not bo known for
The explosion occurred n!otit t):.'10
o'clock. What exploded and how it
tupiiied In not known, but It in Ihj
lieied to Iiuvo lxtn a barrel of giuio
line in ono of tlio threo grocery store.
With tlio explosion tlio front walls
ctllic buildings uero blown outward
into tlio street, while tlio lloors mid
lie roofs weto blown upward uml full
ilnicht to the ground. Almost every
UiildiiiK in t rudiim of two blockn
ttout the nceiiu of tlio explosion had
tlndow pum-H nlmttored uml wiin
otkrwiKO duimiKcd. Kvory buildiuK
en tlio opposite Dido of Loouat atreol
vu moro or Iws wrecked, but none
of them foil.
lUIvir lituei a Warning to Iniunjcnti Who
Manila, Aug. 7. MIkiicI Mnlvnr,
ho 1ms Ik'cii rrcognizod an tlio mic
ceuor of ARtiinuldn liy tlio FHipino
junta at llonj; IConj:, linn issued n
proclamation dated July 1(1, copies
cf which arrived thin mornini;, (.'iv
ing nenurancea to tlio natives of tlio
continuation of an active campaign
nd exprcHsing hope for its succcsxful
fuue. Tho proclamation, of which
W.OOO copies iiuvo liccn jirlnted,
purports to omunato from lliituiigas.
It ii a characteristic insurgent docu
ment, charging tho Americans with
ll lorts of ntrycitics. It recounts
the losses of guns und ammunition
n the death of four distinguished
American officers July 10, all of
which, it says, tlio authorities con
cealed. Tho proclamation threatens
Oencral Ouillea with death for treuch
try, und warns ull Filipinos who sur
jndcr Out thoy will never bo ublo to
live oulsido tho American lines.
Halvnr claims ho has sufficient arms
nd iiipplios to continuo tho lighting
Tho Amoricnn authorities boliovo
'no proclamation was really written
yAgonoillo (tho ox-rcpresontativo of
Aguinaldo in Kuropo) at Hong Kong.
Ex.Conjreiimin Doult Stricken.
Macon, Go., Aug. 7. Ex-Congress-
uamcs xi. iiiount, wno rcpro
Mntcd this dlstrlot in congress for 20
yr, and who was bent to Hawaii
y rrcsldont Olovoland as commls
lonor paramount at tho timo of tho
Evolution in tlio Islands, has suffered
troko of paralysis and is in a oiiti
k condition at his country homo
1 Monument to King Alfred.
Britons plan to erect a monument
tO; King Alfred on tho thousandth an
"Ivereary of hl8 death.
A Burning Coil Mine.
Now York, Aug. 7. Tho Delawaro,
wckawnna & Western Coal Company
""I probably have to abandon Its
Jfy mino at l'lymoutli, owing to
"8 florco firo which has raged in it
w months. Tho loss will bo several
linrrcd tll0"8and dollars. Although
J" ml flro fighters have endeavored
r "top tho sproad of tho fire, thoy
navoboen driven baok. Thoy aro
7, oompollod to work from tho
outiide, and are doing littlo good.
TLe Jeatli wu noinovvimt siuiuoii. At
flVlock JUT 1HI'"I1 m rui-iru-u no
fcink'O I" l'l'r coiiilllliiii. Bmiwnir
tiiutu nun iiihi"j "
Wir Tx Keclepli Increiilng-Simpion-Schley
lnveillj(tlon Will Coil $25,000.
Instead of falling ofT $.'1,300,000 a
month, as was figured would bo tho
roiiult of tho rciliielion of tho war
taxes, tho receipts for tlio first month
of tho fiscal year will bo a million
dollar moro than tho corresponding
mouth last year.
It Is Itcllavcd by thoso who have
been keeping In clow touoh with tho
arrangements for tho court of In
qulry in tlio Hchley eiwn that a nerles
of sensations will result us tho out
come of the Investigation. It is un
derstood pretty generally that jeal
ousy is rampant in tho navy, There
Is mi undercurrent of opinion that
Admiral Kohley realizes this, uml
In vloW )f ll Im HI '! I V nil Inilnnnt (mm
tho navy iiurpoties to open up to pub-
no guzo an mo ins ami oi.ts ol me
naval mniiaL'iiiiiiinL In Ll Iiiiim ,if li.Hlr.n
and war, at homo as well us ubroad.
Uptoduto something like $ 1,000,
000 has lieon withdrawn from New
York and sent West to move crops,
Tho withdrawals have been as fol
lows: To Now Orleans, $2 2:15,000
to Chicago, $l.:tOO,000; to Cincin
nati, $100,000; to Ht. Louis, $225,
000. It is estimated that the cost of the
Rauipsou-fiohloy court of inquiry will
Iki uln-nit $2.r,000. This estimate ii
bai-ed on what navy department offi
cials hiivii now in sight, but making
an allowance for an examination of
prolmlily a third moro witnesses than
are now enntempliited tho oxouc
would perhniw bo $:t.r,000 or $10,000.
Hccrelnry Iing bus issued ImiMiru
tivo orders prohibiting naval officers
publicly dikcutwing tho fttmiMoii
nehley controversy. It is tho juirpoeo
of tliu Mcrrtitry to keep the enso out
of tho newsW)ers as much as possi
ble until the court of impiiry meets.
With a view to showing tho ofTeot
of abolishing the nrmy oanteon. Sec
retary Itoot has culled on tho officers
of the nrmy jkmIs for rejiorts on this
subject. It would not bo surprising
if congress should repeal the anti
cs nteen law.
On account of timlcr land frauds
discovered in .Montana and Idaho,
Commissioner Hermann of the general
laud office has susixmdcd all proofs
mudo during tho present your under
tho timber und stone act pending the
conclusion of tho full investigation
and inquiry begun some timo ago.
This action applies to all stations
where government timlcr laud is
purchased and involves thousands of
cases. Many of tho lnrgo companies
nml BjH'Ciilators, who, it is alleged,
havo hud "dummies" as iigcuts, mnka
pilrchai.es of these lauds from tho
government, as in Michigan, Wiscon
sin and Minnesota.
STARVATION IN ALASKA.
One Miner It Dead and Two More Are at
Port Townsond, Wash., Aug. 7.
A story of death from starvation
nt tho mouth of the Agiupuk river,
in tho Agiupuk mining district was
brought from Nome today by passon
gers on tho steamer Conteunial, and
as a result of -13 days of unparalleled
hardship ono man is dead and his two
companions cannot live.
Tho men had been in tho Good
Hopo country pros pec ting. Juno 7
thoy started for Nome by way of tho
Agiapuk river. Traveling was hard
over tho long stretches of tundra and
down streams filled with ice. Itcforo
thoy reaohpd Teller City their pro
visions gavo out und, after wandering
nlong, hunger compolled them to cat
grass, snails, birds' eggs and anything
thoy could find, but they beenmo so
weakened that further progress was
impossible After reaching a deserted
Igloo at tho mouth of tho Agiapuk
river thoy decided to romain in tho
hope that nssistanco would arrive in
tho ehapo of a prospecting party.
Summoning courage, thoy attempted
to build a boat, tho framo boing mado
of willows, which they attempted to
cover with canvas taken from tho
body of a dead Eskimo. A party of
minors, coming down tho river heard
tho cry, "Help, for God's sako; don't
leavous." Thoy proceeded to whoro
the cry enmo from and found tho
unfortunntes, ono of whom was al
roudy dead, and took them to Toller,
whoro tho two aro being cared for by
tho government officials.
Many New Woolen Atllli.
Nen York, Aug. 7. Tho Times
says: Hcports from toxtilo indus
tries show that tho number of woolen
mills undertaken to bo built in tho
first six months of 1001 was a gain of
250 por cent over tho number built
in tho last six mtinths of 1000. Dur
ing tho first half of 1001 tho numbor
of mills constructed or contracted
for was 201, a gain of 37 over tho 221
roportcd in all toxtilo manufactories
for 1900. Of tho 201 mills 143 ro
dovotcd to cotton, 35 to wool. 58 to
knit goods, and 25 miscellaneous.
The Venezuelan Revolution.
Port of Spain, Trinidad, Aug. 7.
Tho revolutionary movomont whioh
has bqon so long jxpeoted has broken
out. Gonoral Ctrlos Kangol Gorblras,
formolry prcsldont of tho sonnto under
tho presidency of Dr. Itojas Paul,
roso against tho government of Gon
oral Clpriano OnHro. Ho is near San
Antonio del TaoAjrn, a town o.i tho
boundaries of Ojlombia, with 4,000
to 5,000 mon who, tho Venezuelan
government adults, aro well armed.
LOOTED A iSMELTEI
8ELDY PLANT, NEAR 8AN FRAN
CISCO, THE VICTIM.
Secured $280,000- Absolutely No Clew Left
A Tunnel Wai Driven Itenealh Vault by
Skilled Mechanics and Gold trick and
Hulf.on Removed Throu5h Holt Cut In
the Steel floor.
Ran Kraueii-co, Aug, 7. Tho Belby
Smelling t Lead Company has bfon
robbed of $280,000 worth of gold bill
lion. Tho theft occurred soma timo
Inst night, nod was not discovered
until morning. The thieves tunnoled
from oulsido the building under tho
vault at tho Helhy Works, which aro
located on tho bay shore, about 30
miles from Hun Francisco. They
got uway with nearly 1200 pounds of
lino gold worth $20 an ounce without
(caving u truce of their identity.
The robbery Is the most successful
nnd remaikablo over accomplished
on the Pacific coast, and was evi
dently tho work of skilled mechanics.
Tho whole affair was most skillfully
planned und as skillfully executed.
It is supposed that when tlio robbers
secured their loot they loaded it into
a boat that was waiting and disap
peared in tlio fog that had como over
Hau Francisco buy.
In their haste to get away they left
two gold burs, worth nearly $50,000,
lying on tho bank nt tho water's
edge. The police at nil the bay cities
uere not i lied of tho crime, but ull
they could discover wore a few of tho
tools that the robbers had used.
Tho Selhy Smelting & Lead Com
pany is tho largest concern of its
kind on tho Pacific coast. Oros aro
sent from all ovtir tho Western coun
try to be smelted and refined, nnd
the gold, is then turned over to tho
mint. A steamer makes special
trips between Sun Francisco and tho
works, carrying tho ores ono way and
bringing buck tho refined gold.
This morning when tho workmen
entered tliu vault to prcparo the gold
(or loading on tho steamer tho rob
lery was discovered. Tlio thieves had
taken tho precaution of fastening
the door of the vault from tho inside,
so that it would bo difficult to open
from the outsido in cuso they wcro
interrupted in their work.
Probably preparatory engineering
extending over several weeks was dono
liefore tho robbory could bo accom
plished. Close to the wall of tho build
ing in which tio vault is located a
shaft was sunk below tho foundation.
Then a tunnel was run to tho
vault, and holes wcro bored in tho
iron lloor until a hole sufficiently
large to admit a man was made. It
was then easy work to pass down tho
treasure into tlio tunnel and load it
into a boat. Tho robbers sprinkled
red iHMMMjr in 'the tunnel to mako
things us uucomfortablo na possiblo
for anyone who might attempt to
Thero wero four fino gold bricks in
the vault which tho robbers looted.
Kuch was 10 inches long, five inches
wide and four inches in height.
In addition to this thero was stolen
from tho bullion vault crudo gold in
nil shnpes nnd sizes, und some of it in
bars of dificrcnt lengths.
PROTOCOL NOT SIGNED.
England Delayi Settlement of the Chinese
Pekin, Aug. 8. Tho foreign min
isters hud arranged to sign tlio settle
ment protocol today, but tho British
minister, Sir Ernest Satow, yesterday
evening notified his colleagues that
Great Uritain was unablo to Bign.
Ho cave no rensons nnd tho meeting
was indefinitely postponed.
Mr. Itockhill and Mr. Mumm von
Sohwarzonstcin huvo telegraphed
Chang Chili Tung and Liu Kun Yi,
tho Hankow und Nankin viceroys,
requesting them to uso their influ
onco with tho government not to
raiso objections to tho protocol. All
tlio ministers of tho powers oxcept
Sir Ernest Satow nro anxious to finish
up tho business. Tho British delay
ia not oxpluincd, and causes eomo
uneasiness. , General Voyron, tho
Frenoh commander, ond his staff,
havo departed, and tho French troops
London, Aug. 8. Lord Lans
downo, tho foreign Bocretary, reply
ing in tho houso of lords today to a
question of Earl Spencer, Libornl,
said tho Chineso negotiations had ro
contly mado rapid and satisfactory
.progress. Tho indemnity question
was disposed of, with tho exception
of a fow minor points. Great Britain
was still in favor of tho open door
throughout China. The foreign seo
rotary also said that tho final strongth
of tho legation guards at Pekin will
probably bo 1,800 men, and that an
additional forco of 3,000 mon will bo
distributed nt important points along
tho routo to tho 6ca.
To Wird Off Bubonic Plague,
Viotoira, B. 0., Aug. 7. On ac
count of tho provalonco of bubonio
pluguo in Hong Kong, Dr. Watt,
suporintondont of Williams Head
quarantine station, has recoived in
structions from Ottawa to use every
precaution in passing Oriont steam
ers to provont tho Introduction of tho
disease hero. All vessols arriving
nro thoroughly fumigated lioforo thoy
nro allowed to como t6 tho dooks.
UPHELD MONROE DOCTRINE.
Zclyi Touched a Popular Chord In till An.
nual Meisa je.
New York, Aug. 8. -Oonoral San
tos Zelnyu, president of Nlcaraugu,
has touched u popular chord in his
messago to the Nicarnguan congress,
jilst assembled, by advocating tho
Monroe doctrino and declaring his
anxiety for tho construction of tho
iNlcaragtiun ennui by tho United
States, says tho Managua, Nicaragua
correspondent of tho Journal and Ad
"At tho head of our contin nt ap
pears," ho said, "tho grand republic
of tho United States, with tho Mon
roe doctrino on its forehead, the grand
international principle, that forbids
European colonization of American
soil. With that government tho
irieiid and protector of tho weak na
tions of our continent, wo maintain,
as is natural, close and cordial rela
tions. "Wo have, moreover, with the great
American republic, tlio common in
terest of our respective hinds in the
opening of tho inter-ocean canal
through our territory, which to her
means the realization of her dear pur
pose to occupy among tho nations of
tho earth her proper position ns a
maritime power of tho first class, nnd
to us means tho incalculable benefits
which wo will obtain by our future
progress and aggrandizement If tho
realization of this is as it promises,
Nicaragua and the United States will
come closer and travel united in tho
future, because of this wonderful link
Unit entwines in a positivo way their
TUNG FUH'8 REBELLION.
Chinese Court Alarmed by the Rebels' Ap
proach Upon Slntjan.
Victoria, B. C. Aug. 8. Tho steam
er Queen Adelaide brings news that
tho Tion Chuan I.ui rising is grow
ing. A report reached the French
forco in Pekin from Cheng Ting Fu
to tho cfTcct that a large number of
defeated soldiers of Tung Full Siang,
combined with Lian Chwang Hui,
have unfurled in tho government
premises of Shcn Chow many banners
with tho motto, "Sweep China and
destroy tho nliens."
"On receipt of a report that Tung
.Full Siang has started a rebellion and
is mari'hiiig upon Singan," says a
Shanghai paper, "tho Chineso court
has enlisted braves in order to prevent
him, tho number of tho present im
perial bodyguard being inadequate to
meet this forco. Tho braves of tho
two provinces of Shcn Si and Ho Nan
havo now gathered, and their number
has reached 15 or 1G battalions, but
they aro devoid of good weapons.
Tho governors and other officials of
tho two provinces aro therefore or
dered by tho court to procure arms
for them at once."
Great loss of life occurred in Japan
liccausc of floods. In ono colliery G9
wcro drowned, and loss of lifo is also
reported from many places, as well
as destruction of property.
GENERAL STRIKE ORDER.
All Union Men In the Employ of the Steel
Trust Are Called Out.
Pittsburg, Aug. 8. After weeks of
preliminary skirmishing, at last tho
great battlo between tlio gigantic
steel trust and tho thousands of men
marshalled under the banners of the
Amalgamated Association of Iron,
Steel fc Tin Workers is fairly on.
Tho long talked of general strike
order has leen issued by President
ShafTcr, to tako effect after tho last
turn of tho mills August 10. What
tho result will be no man can fore
tell, but, judging by the expressed
determination of both parties to the
controversy, tho battlo will bo waged
to tho very last ditch. Much money
will be lost, thousands upon thous
ands of men will bo idle, great suffer
ing is looked for, and oven bloodshed
and death aro possiblo and feared.
Tho striko includes pructially all
Amalagmatcd men in tho United
States Steel Corporation's employ not
now on Btriko.
FRANCE AND THE PORTE.
French Ambassador at Constantinople It
Said to Have' Demanded Recall.
Paris, Aug. 8. Tho foreign office
hero rofuses either to confirm or deny
tho advices from Constantinople say
ing tho French Ambassador, thero, M.
Constans, has handed over tho ques
tion of tho right of a French com
pany, known as tho Qunys company,
to enjoy rights claimed under a con
vention with his government, at tho
snmo timo recommending his own re
call and that- tho passports of tho
Turkish ambassador at Paris, Sahib
Boy, bo dolivered to him. Tho
Temps says thero is reason to boliovo
tho foreign oflico ia considering tho
recall of M. Constans and giving the
Turkish ambassador his passports.
Tho Francaiso thinks that instead of
breaking diplomatic relations with
Turkey tho Frenoh foreign offico will
suspend thorn by giving Constans an
unlimited loavo of absonco. An im
mcdiato decision is impossible, as M.
Colcasso and other oabinet officers nro
absent on their holiday vacations.
List Is Complete.
Washington, Aug, 8. Tho vacan
cy in tho Schley court of inquiry
caused by tho inability of Rear Ad
miral Kimborly to sorvo on oeount
of ill health has been filled by tho so
lection of Rear Admiral Henry L.
Howison, whoso appolntmont was an
nounced by Assistant Scoretary Haok
ott today. At tho snmo timo it was
announced that this appointmont
would bo agreeable to Admiral Sohloy,
Value of Irrigation.
Tlio universal use of Irrigation In tho
West lias practically revolutionized
farm values In many regions. These
methods of supplying the crops with
water are many, hut they nil show on
amount of adaptation to conditions that
proves the existence of Yankee genius
hero yet. There arc more varieties of
windmills for pumping up water than
one could dcscrlbo In a week. These
windmills ore not expensive affairs, but
In most eases are built of ordinary arti
cles picked up on the form or In second-hand
shops. They perform the
work required of them satisfactorily,
and that Is all one can ask or tnem.
The construction of a good working
windmill on any farm, nnd a pumping
attachment, with Irrigation cnnnls nnd
reservoir, ndds .1 hundred or two per
cent to the vnluc of n farm In a region
where summer droughts nro hiavy
drawbacks to farming. With a little
extra work during the winter season
It Is an ensy matter to make such Im
provements on nlruost nny farm. The
system can be enlarged and extended
season by season, and tho farm grad
ually enhanced In value.
A farm that has a fair home-made Ir
rigation plant Is practically Independ
ent of the weather. The farmer Is
then sure of his crop no matter how hot
or dry the season may prove. The great
benefit derived from an Irrigation plant
Is so apparent that It seems strange
that so few arc In existence. It Is not
always necessary to build a windmill
for Irrigation, for there are often nat
uraj advantages which any farmer can
avail himself of. When brooks flow
through farms they furnish In the win
ter and spring seasons nn abundance of
water, but when summer advances
they often dry up nnd prove of no
earthly good. The question of Import
ance Is how can,uch a stream be con
verted into use for Irrigating the plants.
It would not be so difficult If a reser
voir was dug nnd built on the farm, so
that the water could be stored. Such a
reservoir could easily be Increased In
size each year, nnd with the water
stored In It, what would prevent dig
ging ditches to carry the water to the
fields when needed? Some will Bay
that such work represents nn Immense
amount of labor; but If the farmer In
tends to live permanently on bis farm,
will It not pay blm to do a little toward
tho Improvement each year, even
though It may bike ten years to com
plete the job? He can rest nssured that
be Is Increasing the value of his farm
fully 10 per cent every year, a fact
which he will realize when he comes
to sell It rrofessor James S. Doty,
Foultrr House for Urn Chicks.
When the chicks are about one-quarter
grown and have left the mother
hen they should be provided with some
oooo rouLTr.r nousx.
sort of a shelter for night use and for
use on stormy days. A coop for these
chicks may be built for very little
money. One side of the coop Is formed
by the side of a building or a fence,
and at the lower end comes within
two Inches of the ground. Tho roof of
rough boards Is covered with tarred or
waterproof paper. An opening Is cut
In one side next to tho fence or wall
Inside, roosts are arranged, and In one
comer Is placed u. dust bath. Tho roosts
will hove to bo put In before tho roof
is put on, ns the house' Is not designed
In nny way bo that one can even reach
the Inside except through tho small
hole provided for the entranco of tho
IndlEettlnn In Horses.
It Is dltllcult to give causes of Indi
gestion In horses, for It may como from
Improper water, as rroui improper
foods, although tho latter aro usually
at the bottom of the trouble. A proper
variety Ic tho foods will do much to
keep the digestive organs In good con
dition, particularly If In tho variety
thoro Is considerable crecn food of a
succulent nature, as most root crops
are. When Indigestion Is caused uy
Improper water, It Is usually tho case
that tho water Is foul In soma way,
although very hard water often pro
duces Indigestion, or, what Is worse,
stone In tho kidney or bladder, tho lat
ter being a disease qulto common
among horses In districts where tho
water is hard. If tho food Is of tho
proper kind and hard water Is being
used, attention should bo given It be
fore a valuablo animal Is lost. If pos
sible, glvo rain water, but If this Is not
convenient, ndd a small quantity of
caustic potash to tho hard water, which
will materially Improve IL .
Feed Instead of Breed.
Tho famous dairy expert, Black
well, once gavo ten rules for tho care
of dairy cows, ond of this number six
referred In some manner to the feed
given them, showing that, In his mind
at least, feed was much more Import
ant than anything else In the handling
of tho dairy. Much complaint Is bclnff
m tula by dairymen that oatno of
their cows are not profitable, nnd
while, In many enscs, tho trouble
Is duo entirely to somo poor In
dividuals In the herd which may bo
discovered by weighing the milk oC
each cow and keeping a record of It,
thera Is no doubt but that poor feeding1
Is at the bottom of the trouble In many,
cases. It Is frequently found that an
animal which Is a loss In the hands of
Hrown Is profltnblo when Jones gets
hold of the cow. In such cases It Is
evident that the method of feeding or
tho food Itself wn wrong In tho first
case. Dairymen who aro complaining
of their cows and thinking of bringing
about Improvement by changing tho
breed will do well to study tho ques
tion of feed and seo If they nro not
making somo mistakes in that direc
tion. Four Horse IWener.
A correspondent sends to lown
Homestead n sketch of n four horso
cvener for a binder which, he snys, Is
In almost universal uso
In his section of tho
country: Take a com
mon evencr off from
your disk, buy a 15
cent pulley nnd nbout
ten feet of stout ropo
or chain, which will
cover all the expense.
Take a piece of 2 by
0 nnd bolt on tonguo
A rOUH HORSE KVJSXKR.
with one bolt where the evener goes to
serve as prop for the evener, pnss tha
rope through the pulley and tie on each
end of the evener. This gives freo
play to both sides of the evener. Thero
Is no side draft, but put the heaviest
team on the outside. This device can
be used on either a right or left hand
binder and gives perfect satisfaction.
The Illustration Is self explanatory.
There should also be a clevis from tho
center of the evener to fasten the even
er to the outer end of the prop.
Protect the Farm Well.
Tests made at experiment stations
show that water from farm wells Is
frequently contaminated with some Im
purity drawn from surrounding stables,
pens, etc., nnd a lack of drainage to
carry off surface water. Wash and
dishwater, both filled with animal mat
ter. Is thrown around the house, year
in and out. until the ground is allvo
with the poison, which eventually fuds
Us way Into the well. The fields aro
tiled to produce healthy and abundant
crop life, but seldom Is a tile or ditch
put down around the house to protect
When the water begins to run low In
the well that Is not driven below rock.
Is the time to begin to boll It for drink
ing purposes. Heat of water or sun
destroys the typhoid bacillus. Enough
water should be boiled at a time to
allow It to stand several hours before
drinking. It Is the beat driving the air
out of It makes It so sickening to taste.
In a few hours the air will again get
Into It and restore the taste. Put It la
Jugs, and set the jugs upon the cellar
floor, or In a cave prepared for this pur
pose. If you have Ice, put It around the ves
sels, but never In them. There are high
and specialized forms of life that Ico
will not kill, and some of the lower
forms It preserves In all force. It seems.
The contents of slop bowls from tho
room of the patient sick with-typhoid
had, If the sun Is shining hot, better
by far be thrown upon the ground than
burled. A log heap Is the proper dis
infectant In these cases, kept burning
night and day as long ns there Is any-
thing from the sick room to throw Into
It Indianapolis News.
Imperfect rium Blossoms.
Fruit growers have met with a diffi
culty In the successful cultivation of
the native plum In the fact that somo
varieties aro self-sterile; that Is, they
do not fertilize themselves. Isolated
trees and large orchards of Wild Gooso
and Miner have proved shy bearers,
while when planted intermingled with
other varieties blooming ut the sama
timo and furnishing an abundance of
pollen they have borne many crops.
Hence It Is Important to determine tho
most suitable list of varieties for an
orchard so as to Insure the most perfect
pollenatlon of all tho blossoms. New
man Is considered a good pollculzer for
Wlld Goose, while Do Soto, Wolf, and'
Forest Garden are regarded ns good
fertilizers for Miner. Isolated trees of
the self-sterile varieties may bo mado
fruitful by top grafting somo of tho
limbs with suitable varieties, or by,
planting trees of theso sorts adjacent
Mixed planting of self-fertllo nnd Im
portant varieties In bedgo-llko rows or
In alternate rows Is now advocated nntb
practiced by our best growers. Somo
growers prefer to conflno their choice
of varieties to those that aro self-sterile.
A good dairy thermometer costs less
than $1, and tons of butter go Into tho
grease vats every year because thou
sands of farmers' wives do not uso a
thermometer In churning. A noted dairy
Instructor once told tho writer that ho
firmly believed that tho average prlcoot
all tho butter sold In the United States
could be Increased at least 2 cents per
pouud In two years If tho thermometer
was used at every churning and tho
cream churned at tho proper tempera
ture. Land and a Living.