Image provided by: University of Oregon Libraries; Eugene, OR
About Bohemia nugget. (Cottage Grove, Or.) 1899-1907 | View Entire Issue (Nov. 23, 1900)
fiM Till? DDI? I WTDC
I I IV I III' llll I . II II I. 11.1
m 11 1
ik ni -
lie . . v.
JfoVft scum' " .wv.
, V I cn M 8 H H CO V H 1 1 H I )
... 111 Mllr NlrnMfii WUU
inn vi. i
N. H.( Nov. 14. 'I'Iib
".u. niiintrv for 10 in Hun oust
.ini in." - . .
t I. iirnnii 1,..,. mhiwhhiiu
"uitu UN A nim-
r IIU UUOL,
London, Nv, in i), , ,
' 'I'm. ml l.- .1.
..., ,,jr ,,,,, (....,... . ,
iim....i.i I. '.' ,l,,wl,l to ho
prlnoo t (l0nimiiy ,0 U(m,tiy m I j
ft MrwuiiiM .... .
l" ioiiiIkh envc
TO SETTLE STRIKES
Arbitration Rapidly Gaining
Fnvor In Indiana.
L .tU A.
'i'HH COMMISSIO.VHR'S TESTIMONY
"Mini ulniil i. .hi... .
It" " ' . .1 11... -1 HI" lll'lltll til.li.ill..
I . a ... .... ri II um U'lu.ki. 41...
i . i um nr nnvn limn iwkiv riumii n, i " "u
vi ...... .... . r ii.
. llin hi ll, lliuil in Kiiii iiiuiiiu
7.iflfl ury. .Miiny puopio inivo
.u,i nt Itookvlllu, near where
nt ""f Mill" annum, nun iium
i.i... n( iiium liom of tliu crow.
" .. ... ......
., ull liuioiiumi i jhihih uii
llll OflloIllL i t III
i in ill i ' i . " H I illPtflnffutl mill
Mr. (.oiikit n iirojKwul, )
"Illllllllillllv .I...II i ...
t, Jiuvo arrived to idoiituy tin, Mat,, cirporntlo,,,, ,, uUun
iiii inline i.i v . i. ii .
I . MllllMll 1(1 N . .1 MIIWI
ijwuim " - j in ill IIHICtlOIIM
... . I...II ...111 tl.l. UI V. ..I ...
a ntlullu lllil vniwiun
i.Mthn illllllllUt k'UVO llll Ollllllnil
. . ..i i ii .. i
m I ....I w tVilH flllllltt III .InV.
tf ill ""V
h(D lIKI "IB HMHHmi, WIIIUII
..I l.u tin. mirvli'.irtf tfir tin.
In Imvll !ll!l!ll MWIIIIIIKIll. WIIH i
.1 a. lint MllflPII. A 1 11 IV Vlltllrf
ttW tin If!
v II mill llltl IMII1V III II hJllllllllll.
.Ii "" y
krbil IKo nrnuiiii umiii.
Mit Intel vl Iiii tliu ImukiIi II
i(oJlen wem foiiuil, imikiiiu lfnlU- '
gptO IKHIIl toilliy, llllillllll
dVfentlr coiiio itiiliarii In tlm lliu
. i, .ii... i .... ....-iii.... . i.
nnt 0U0 (ml'IIHIIIL!.
. . ... 1. ...I...1.. f
MfltCIIO III llll KH1K!H III uvu III
a itoiiwl nt l: t& mid I'.'i'Jt
My of Captain IlnnUiiu', of tlx
J..IU ttfttm fiiltllil nt IMdlllit I'lilllf
..i in . I i ..ii. j
II UVIlll. llimiku Mini umi rni
. . 1 i .. 1. 1.
. i. i. ....... 1.
-w - - -
&A lmtil nf mull ftitiim In 1
ii. tti .1 i..... . r.......i
'iifwnii-n wum fliHiil XmUiTu t lie
Lwi,-kl tliu tn ml it till iiiuiiv lm-
dm lunu m truo ui viiupii hi (iiq
bodjr of 0. N. Calcium), n com-
tnvolcr. who vhh not pro
fMticouQ, linn htH'ii wniiuKi nmiorc
tlJiimAfl I I rnitrntiiilili.il m I
t i i . . i a
vui-t jawoiry jinn, aim uamuti
njrth fSO.000. Quo trunk
llilili.il ! ..
. I . l I IUI
"KntloiMl IntnrMiiirm Mmll )u ,M!r.
nlttml with tlx, imiHlu,r, ln ..fvii.
''Tim form nt Tnkii iiikI otlmr fortu
on tin. ami of Cluim U m , rn.t-.l.
"1 tin. liii,orli.tloin of iirniH mill wiir
"I'lirimuifiit liyuilnii Knnrilri Mmll hu
umliitaliiNl um hIho Kiniriln of coiuinu.
nloiitloii lietwwui I'uuiii mid tliu mii.
"IntiMTliil urouliinintloiiii uliull I...
iwitwl for two yimrn throiilmut tlm
tiiiijilm, NiippruniiliiK tlm Ilnxord.
"Tin. in. Intimity in to liicliidn mm.
JhmwiIIuii for ChltioMi wlio miiruriid
tlirotiKh ImjIiik DinployiMl by foroluiiuiH.
Imt not ciiiiiM!iieiitloii for imtlvo Clirln
tlMin. Tint MonU 'mlnMlonnry mid
'ClifUtliniB' do nut occiii In tliu note.
QENEHAL COflDlN'S REPORT.
IUcoiiiiiimhUHiiiii lijr (In. A iljlitii.lrll
"f Ihn Army.
Now York, Nov. lfi. Adjutniit-Ocii-nrnl
(iirliiti, ncuoriltiifj to u Trlliuno
MHioliil f i mil Wnnlilin-toii. Iihh Ktiirttil
inovmiiiiiit to itnlucu cuiicrayti to roinovo
from tliu ktntiiUi liookM n Inw Unit
inkcn mi uiiju'tilUorliiiiiuition iiKiiiiiht
Want t'oliitom In tlio army. Itimil
mutt Iniixjilicubli. mv tlio ndjntmit
tliut hiicIi li'Klnlatlon chonlil cvnr luivu
Ihhiii ttniicti'd or liuvn ruiiiiilnwl in force
12 yimrx, im tlmt wlilch fnvor tliu pro
niotlnii of onllntod imimi to uomiiiirtHldne
uIkivh tlio yoiiiij; ini'ii njMicliilly oilii
onted nt novcrimiuut uxiHimu to till
In IiId current ntiniml roiort. Ucnurnl
Corliln (IcvotM cdimliloralilo npiicu to
Ilia net of Juno 18, 1878, which pro
vltlod for tliu promotion to tho crudu of
coinnintidliiK otlker of nii'ritoriotiH nun
cQiiimlnitlnnod nlllcum who hlnill hu '
i.-- i- ..i .. ..i.i-.i. ' fmniil tunnillv. Iiiliillnntiiiillv unit nlivu.
" ' 1 I. .11 . At.. I .1---
ina luirm ni ttiiiuimirtinttirit
Mmr. jaitKm mm. ii mor-
wn on ixnnL i wiio: Iiuvhil
Ihfiitoainor in Ht. John. Hun-
mi w rrriMa t iiiv I Mil iiji v I rii iti
XWt UuE II1Q IOIHI inH Of Mill, ill
ruuMi( if iiiiVi a j
iwtol tho inuinliori of tlio cruw,
I .1 I I .nt . .
' tlio lirilll UIIICO 111 IIIU iiir
Meimililn (.kiiiiiimiv huro. ihowi
- v.vv.n .I4I lilUn HUllllUIVM U
Kirfci in rri.n rn.. ......
i'" ww, i u uui nuiiiiuii
CipUln Smith, u paMonuor;
vmcer Plomlutr. Ounrtornmntoi
XjOOV ntwl Ulunrf1ntiii KtiilMi
i. . .
swriion invod ngrt-o tlmt tin
Mtne dlanator wan, brlolly:
iwimcr vu iwundod for lioun
uu imin. miruiiL ii ionic line
ibe bacatno uutnnnnKonlilo,
r-ituuu luuiiiiuruu. inu ron n
CmltATfirl lit luinii un li.tii.iv
-... u .it. u iiuiiij
cuaii mi t.iii.it .i.d
-. -viwi, iiur. i'i. -iiiu linn.
wlflc pamtongor trnin which loft
utuiiiiiir nui inio mi onuii
''I iiiuukoii into n iroiuiii en-
" Vhloh worn four moii. The
C U....I. 1 xt. .
.-- vuHii,u hjjii CIIUOONO lOlOHCOIIUII
-uniioun wmoii nt onco took
ii woouworic wuh inirnoti.
Nluckot lumiiod. but FiminiiD
wedmif. i i. ........i
. ThA i..j ,
fnva . .. .. x t..i ... ml .
- iiiuu woro iirmiL' it tn tun I'n.
""'Pltal. Tho wrookod froiuht
ni;nr-t)oilt trtln n vluu bo.
" uuy nnti uinoy.
'Im III Ullttitar Mliia.
'"v.. iiuv. . u.hm .rii iiriiKe
ira Ann . . . . . ....
-.vumuoc I0V01 01 tno UOII
lDlmi.1.. .. i -
-.iiimiwnniou uonnor uoni-
perty. lnHt i,.i,r ,i i. ami
I' IS In tltllli.TI nftlitwil lull
viuilnt .... . . . ....
mi mine in fn.i. tniiiin
1 .Afiia nMn..i... i- i
?c Btnrtod iBhnrd to hnudlo.
" lll Cnrfiilt.lo l. 1....... Tl..
'vi inn ii- i .. ...
"l eU.. Nnt. 14
1 1 ml tod
vi ina A i
"I. "IU lit llll
, ""8pt trnin nt Misaourl Vnlloy.
i uurnnnin. ...I. . ..
-rw4.Ui, nuu wiib muuuuu
I Wa (nlnll.. ...
P.. uijuroii. iioiure
Bind tlmt two niou
km lr . 11,0 P'ntrorm with
lot I.. ctmon ocourrod. Thoy
OA hnm. lit i .
- unoa tienonth tho dobrli.
Icnlly qunliflud foi promotion, nrnl tho
net of July 30, 1802, which oxtoiidH to
nil tiniunrrlud Milillcru under 'M yimrn,
nnd ouiiiini: tho rrquiiiitu ()imlillca
tioiiH, tlm prlvlli'KO of coniputiiiK, nt
pruficribcd oxmiiiuiitiotiH, for coiiiiijIb
kIoihi. Tlmt tho Inw opcratod woll in at
tracting to tho rniikd n Hiiporior class of
iJntulllKciit jouiik inun wim (luinoii
trntwl by tho ywirly increiiHlni: nuin
bur who olitalnoil iidmiiuiloii into tliu
cflinmnuil brenoh of tho iirmy. Thoro
wi.ro Hlx in 181IM nnd 08 in 1000.
ThohO man worn couipullod to nurvo in
tho mnki only two yonrH under tho
Inw, mid calling nttentiuu to thiu fact,
Uonernl Corblu hivh:
"Kxiiorionco has nhnwn in which
thnt two yonrH Ih too brief n period in
which oiilbitcd men enn lit tnoiiuoivcfl
for tho Important dution of coiiimniid
olllccm. It iii littlu leas than trnvoaty
to unv that n man can nunllfy as hu
nlllcor by ccrviiiK m n onlittod man
Uu oiiO'hnlf tlio tiino ronuirod lor n ca
lm to coninloto liii courso nt west
Point. It Ih recoinuioiidod tlmt tho law
ho nmoiidod to rend four years iiiRtend
uf two. Thin will nut nppointineuts
ifrom tho mnkR mid military ucadetny
on tlio satno footing."
IncrcHiril Worlli of VlnrjnnU.
IJorlin, Nov. 15. i'rivato ndvicos
from Trovon eiiy tlmt tho .MoroIIo vino
yards havo Incroasod enormously iu
Vflluo, owinn to tho (,'rowiiiK popularity
of MoboIIo wiiieH. At Hern Castle, tho
celebrated Dooktor viueynrd him just
been sold for at 100 marks n Fqunro
motor. It was purohnsod in 1808 nt
00 mnrks n Hqunro motor. Tho prico
wns 1,000,000 limrkH, whloli is enid to
bo the hlK-iPst prico uvor pnid for nu
equal nren In Goinmuy. A few yonrs
ngo tho usunl prico in tho Mosollo dis
trict wns two or thrco nmiks n squnro
Imotor. A strip of uiiplnutod viuoynrd
Innd, nbout '-'4 ncros in nren, rocoutly
Tho Pnpo mill tlm Kluctlon.
Now York, Nov. 15. A diepntch to
tho World from Homo snysi "Tho
popo, in rooolvinis lllahop Jnuius 'fto
"boo, of St. Cloud, Minn., took ouoneiou
l.o oxpross tlio most cordial eontimonts
rognrdiug Archbishop Ireland. Kofor
rliiR to tlio rosont olootloim in tlio
Uultod Stnios, tho pontiff 8"id: I
prny God to so illumlno J'rosidont Mo
Kiuloy's mind tlmt ho winy uvoia tho
daugora of iniporialisni.' "
Jultn Ontm' lo Tritnt.
Chlcngo, Nov. I6.-TI10 Trlliuno to
morrow will any: 'Tho incorporation
of tho American ItlcoKrowora' Distri
buting Company wns iinuouuced today.
The capital stock la $16,000,000, of
which $7,500,000 la roporod pnid In.
Local grooorios nlrolea credit John W.
Gntoawith boins tho prhno niovor in
tho now corporation, principally to
control tho shipment of tho Southoru
rloo crop over lines of railroad in
which ho la iutorestod.
('llllltlllllll 1'il.t In tl,.
NwfHl.li,,,,. i,r Nw vri,
Vnh,iKt(.n, Nov. 15. -Tin. Indus
trim coiumlHMluii to.lay hoard tho tosti
"iiiy of L. l'. MoCormnck, lahor com
inlsMunor of the statu Indiana, nnd
ol i rofOhMir John (J. llrooks, of Cmn
tIiIko, Mum., proslduiit ol tho Nil
llonnl CoiiMimiinT Lchkiio.
Mr. McCoriiiiick'H tuntlmony wns do
voted laruly to the subject of arbitrn
J'on. Uu ,i,i that niodo of KottlhiB
lahor illsiuteH wiih rapidly lining
fiivur in his stato. In niinu tradoH nr
b tratlon, ho Kaid, had almost sup
,P nnti il strikes, mid in many brunches
"I industry contracts between employ
ira iiml employes prcscribud that in
mo uf dillloiilty nrbitrntlon shall bo
jri-Kirti'd o without cessation of work.
I ho result is constantly inrccaaiiig good
fijidiiig between uiuployorand omployo.
Ho uracil the nocesslly and wisdom of
enforced arbitration in uxtromo onsen
-whoro tho interiihts of the public aro
iconcoriiud and where a long striko will
bring dionstur to tho people at largo.
TliU iiiethfvl, ho thought, would often
fivcrt blooilnhed, and ho conslilorod tho
method moro oooiioinlcal, 11s woll ns
nioro hiiiimne, than cnllinu on the mill.
try. Mr. McCormack said tlmt moat
of the labor troubles wero with unor
ganized labor or now organizations,
the older organizations being tho most
cuimervativo. Mr. McCnrmnck said
tlmt while tho labor oiimnizatioiiB
fiilt'lit not bo friendly to enforced arbi
.trillion, the interests of tho public nt
(largo always should bo consulted rather
Minn tho wihhos of tho few directly en
jgagod in a striko.
j l'rofcsMir Jlrooks' testimony wns do
voted to tho question of work in tho
sweatshops, in tho investigation of
wlilch ho has been engaged for ninny
years, llo said tho Massachusetts law
works fairly well, but that in Now
j York and Now Jersey tho conditions
were almont deplorable. In those
status it was impossible to securo udo
quato inspection, bocaueo of tho fact
that work is dono in private apnrt
inentH. Tho wiiges woro tho lowest
possiblo, mid often wero piecod nut
with charity, milking tho compotltiou
with high paid labor very tenso. Too
plo thus employed work from 14 to 10
hours per day, to tho Injury of thoir
own health and tho dumugoof tho com
munity. 1 "ln Now York," said I'rofessor
Brooks, "politics gut into tho subjoct,
rendering it imposslhlo to mako inspec
tion. Unlets thcro is somo iulluonce
brought to boar strong enough to nllow
us to got nt tho privnto homos of these
people, tho trngody will go on indefi
nitely," ho said, llo advocated tho
substitution ol factories, nnd argued
tlmt tho result need not, with tho uso
of proper machinery, bo an increase of
tho prices ot the goods mnnufactnrod.
Tho chniiL'o also would result in higher
wngos and an improvement of tho gar
ments. Ho dwelt on tho dnuger of
spreading direuso through tho shops',
saying it is alwayi. immin ut. Prices
woro getting to bo so lou, Mr. Iirooks
raid, that Americans vory seldom en
gage in tho work. Most of tho swoat-'
shop work is done by immigrants from
Struck 11 lllcli Htrenk.
Cripple Creok, Colo., Nov. 15. Ono
of tho greatest strikes aver nindo in the
famous Cripple Creek gold mining dis
trict has just boen uncovered in tho
property of tho Gold lloud Consoli
dated Minos Company on Gold IHU, ol
which Charles N. Miller, of this city,
is tho principal owner. Tho assaya
on n nnrrow streak of tho oro body runs
ns high as $102,000 por ton, while the
vein from which this assay was taken,
oxoluslvo of tho rich stroak, has widou
ed to a width of four feet nnd has given
an avorago assay of $200 to $300 per
ton. Tho groat striko has created tho
most iutonso oxcitoment in mining cir
Onvfi-In In nn Arlconn Minn.
Phoenix Ariz,. Nov. 15. While,
workmou woro ongiiBod ln repairing
tho timbering in a tunnel at the Tur
quaiso Copper Company's mino nenr
Tombstono yostordny, tho bomns in the
colling fell, lotting dowu tons of rook
and dobris. Autoula Lnya was crushed
to death and throo othor men woro
sovoroly Injured. Thoy oscaped instant
donth by tho protection afforded by tho
timbora falling partly aoross thoir bod
ios, undor which they wero Imprisoned
for mnny hours, whllo thoir follow
workmou Inhered dosporntoly to bronk
through tho great mass of dobris.
Lato tonight tho rosoulng party ronohed
tho Imprisoned mon, who wero nearly
dead from thoir iujurlos and hungor.
Thpy will rooovor.
Gonornl MnoArthur, In his report on
tho conditions and piospocts in tho
riiillppiuo islauds, enya tho future of
,tho pooplo is bright, and tlmt oauca-
tiou will oradlcato tno natives lusvruo.
llelimuled ly ' Kmpro' Orilen.
llorlin, Nov. 15. Tho Lokal An
rolgor publlshos tho iollowing from its
Shanghai correspondent: "Natives
from Hankow say that tho ompross bo
hoaded a number of telograph oflloials,
who acoopted a seorot uioseago from
Upmoror Kwang Hsu to Count yon
Wnldorseo, informing him that ho (the
omporor) wua being Kopt n Pbo"
nnd was unaoio to rutum v
They nlso any that other oxeoutlons oc
curred In connootion with tho matter.'
Kill proof Cornlimitje.
.Mnny formers suffer a great waste
from vermin In tho corncrlb, nnd fre
quently It Is very serious. Itats arc
especially n great enemy In this respect.
Unless tho comlioiiso Ih ho made that
thcro lire no hiding places, It Is Impos
Hlblo to dislodge the rats from their re
treat. Tho cornhotiHo shown In the
illustration, which Ih reproduced from
tho Ohio Karmcr, Ih made so It Ih Inac
cessible to rabj or mice, nnd there are
no hiding places beneath It. It Ib ele
vated three feet above the ground on
firmly set stono postH, neatly dressed.
The cribs may be nindo from six to
eight feet wide and of any desired
length. For 4,000 bushels of corn In
tho ear the building should be 40 feet
long with cribs 8 feet wide and 12 feet
high. Iu building this ono should uso
0x8 timber for sIIIh nnd 2x8 Joist
The floor Is made of 2x3, laid a half
Inch apart, so as to admit the free cir-
A ItATmOOK COTtMIOUSK.
dilation of air among the corn. The
studding should bo 2x0 set three feet
on centers, with 2x4 girts notched Into
the studding. The ends of this build
ing are sided with seven-eighth Inch
matched drop siding put on horizontally
except the gable, which Is put on ver
tically. The sides are covered with
Ix.f Inch strips set a half Inch npar.t
and are put on vertically. The space
between the cribs is twelve feet wide,
and Is closed Inside from the bottom of
the cribs to ground, forming an Inside
shed, wlilch Is not accessible to any
farm animals. This Inner shed Is
closed by rolling doors at each end,
The cribs are boarded up Inside the
shed with three-Inch strips placed horl
zontnlly a half Inch apart to admit air.
nnd by openlnng the doors free circula
tion of air can be obtained In fine
weather. The shed Is floored over above,
forming nn apartment twelve feet wide
by forty feet long.
may be plowed under ln season to plant
potatoes again or some other later crop.
We do not Ike the Idea of growing two
crops of fiotntoes on tho same land for
two years In succession, but there are
many other crops which would follow
well after the rye was plowed In, nnd
nearly all crops can be taken off In time
to sow rye after them, which will be
largo enough to plow under In the
spring. Hut do not trust to the ryo
nlono aa a fertilizer, but use It as an
addition to the other fertilizer applied.
(Irliiu Hue to the J'nrni".
While the census shows that the cities
have Increased In population more rap
Idly than the smaller towns between
1BU0 and 1000, this Increase Is not gen
erally so great a percentage above that
of the towns as was shown by tho cen
sus ot 1800 for the ten years previous
to that date. This Is more particularly
true In what are known as the agricul
tural States than In those where large
manufacturing Industries havo been
established In or near the cities. And
even In the latter case there seems to
be a tendency for many of the employes
to seek a residence In the suburbs or
some small town near by, where they
are retired from the noise and bustle of
the city, and where they can have room
to have fruit trees, garden and poultry
yard to occupy leisure hours, or such
days as they are not employed. And
perhaps some credit may be given to
the character of the Immigrants who
have come to us. They are more largely
from agricultural sections, and prefer
to go to the country where they will be
classed as skilled laborers, than to Join
the unskilled laborers of the city' en
gaged In the hardest kinds of manual
Well-Hrnced Knd Tost.
The Illustration shows an effective
way of securely anchoring the end post
of a wire fence. The post (a) should be
AN AltXllonED FND TOST.
set nt least three feet In the ground nnd
four Is much better. The cross pieces
(II) are 2x8 Inch boards, 24 Inches long.
Tho stoue (e) Is flrmly burled and
should Just about lit the hole. The post
(b) Is nbout six feet from (n), nnd
through the hole (f) thexiablo from the
burled stoue Is passed. The brace (c)
Is a 2x0 board securely spiked In place.
When the posts nnd the stone arc being
put In position the soil should be
tamped until It Is very tlrm. Secured
In this way, an end post will remain
Inunovablo for many years.
To Make the Hen. Lay.
If the hens don't lay, turn them out
nnd let them dig and hunt ln the ground
for food, la tho advice of T. P. Mc
Grow, in tho Country Gentleman. Bury
small grain where they will And it
when they dig. This will Induce them
to hunt, nnd whllo thus employed they
will llnd bugs and worms that will
quicken the production of eggs. It Is
well to follow this plan as soon as the
spado will turn the ground, for It adds
vigor and strength to the hens nnd In
sures' strong, healthy chicks. The lazy,
Idle hen Is of no use, but to sit about,
nut. nnd crow fat If sho will not work,
sho will not lay. If she will not lay,.
her life sliouiu cnu, ana ner iai enrcuss
grnco tho tnble. You can always rest
naanrnl that tho Indolent hen Is a non-
producer; soon she becomes too fat to
lay and too tough to bo eaten.
Potatoes and Rye.
Potntoes do excellently well upon
land where a crop of green ryo has
been plowed Iu, being usually very free
from scab, fair and smooth, says the
American Cultivator. Early potatoes
enn bo tnken off In time to sow rye,
which will mako growth enough to
furnish a good fall pasture or a spring
pasturo for cattlo or sheep, and then It
Ileet Snsar nnd Itounty.
It has lately been decided that a State
has not a constitutional right to pay a
bounty to beet sugar growers or to the
factories for manufacturing the sugar.
Yet this Is the way It Is done In Euro
pean countries, either by paying boun
ties or by taxing tbe use of sugar at
home, and remitting the tax on that
exported, so that their own citizens can
not obtain It nt home ns cheaply as tbe
citizens of other countries. By this
policy Austria-Hungary produced In the
year ending July, 1809, 1,041,700 tons of
raw sugar from beets, and ln the year
ending July, 1000, 1,100,000 tons, the
largest product they have ever known.
Germany also Increased her product for
the nine months from August, 1803. to
April. 1890, Inclusive, from 1.40r,804
metric tons to 1,554,402 metric tons for
the same months In 1899 and 1000.
Adapt the Crop to the Soil.
Alva Ager writes to the National
Stockman that last year he regretted
not having plowed up one acre of wheat
and planted It to potntoes. Tbe soli
wns too rich for the wheat, which
lodged before beads filled, and de
stroyed the clover seeded with It His
reason for not doing so was that be did
want to cut off one acre for a different
crop from the rest of the Held. Result,
no returns for tbe labor done or seed
sown. Last fall he sowed It to rye, and
last spring planted It to potatoes,
adding $3 "worth of acid phosphate, and
this fall he harvested over 200 bushels
of merchantable potatoes or $S0 worth
as they sell there, besides the unmer
chantable ones. He thinks rock and
rye a good combination for bis soil,
meaning tbe South Carolina phosphate
Weed. In the Pasture.
A weed Is as much "'a plant out of Its
proper place" In the pasture as else
where, and where tho pasture Is de
voted to dairy stock It may be doing
more damage there than It would In
mowing or cultivated Held. It takes up
food and moisture that are needed for
the useful plants, and It sometimes Is
of such a character as to be poisonous
to the animal, and often weeds Impart
unpleasant odors and flavors to the
milk nnd Its products. If the pastures
could be cleared of weeds and bushes
and their place given to better grass,
not ouly would they produce enough for
many more animals, but the milk prod
ucts would be of more uniform good
qunllty. If tho wholo pasture caunot
be cleaned In one season, clear a little
Here Is what filled cheese has dono
for this country since 18S0: In that
year tho United States exported 127,-
000,000 pounds. It was that year that
our chief customer, Great Britain,
"smelled tho rodent." Tho next year
tho exports fell to 05,000,000 pounds
and has gradually decreased until In
1890 wo exported but 88,000,000, of
which Great Britain took only 24,000,-
000 pounds. Honesty Is the best policy
In cheese making. Canada and Den
mark aro now supplying tho trade that
onco was ours.
When SollhiC Pays.
Nearly every dairyman has experi
enced the shrinkage that comes ln mid
summer, when the pastures dry up and
grnss Is scarce. It Is at this time that
soiling will pay and pay liberally. In
what better wny enn a person renllzo
from $23 to $25 per acre for his green
corn or green nlfalfa? When the cows
look over tho fence with longing eyes
nt the corn, tho efforts usually spent
In keeping tho cows out of the corn
lind better be spent? In throwing tho
corn over to the cows, says a Kansas
STRONG TONE IN TRADE.
Oattoa, Wool and Iran Are All Doing
uradstreot Bays: There la a stronger
tono In cotton nnd wool, tho former
largely bocnttso of reports, or fears, ot
crop dnmngo, while tho lnttor ia flrnv
at former quotations 6n a volumo of
buslnoss equal to lately enlarged totnls.
Coroals aro, as a wholo, dull and Inch;
ipooulativQ interest. Wheat is practi
cally unchanged, enrly reports of Ar
gontino crop dnmngo falling to brina
3ut much baying, nnd tho lnttor iq
turn Inducing realizing. Corn ia only
fractionally higher, whilo hog product
ire rather slow and weak. It is from
thnt long-tlmo bnromotor of trnde, thqt
Iron trn'do, that rolativoly tho best re
ports aa to tho demand nnd tho prices
come. Whilo a considerable volnma
of business was displayed just previous
to election, tho quantity of snloa report
ed since has been very satisfactory.
Hopofnlnesa ns to improvement in
fall demnnd, now that tho election isj
over nnd cold weather has arrived, is?
reported in all sections, but nowhero in
tho feeling of confidence ao marked aa
in tho Sooth. Despito tho recent de
cline in cotton, tho feeling in that sec
tion ia notably cheerful.
In tho West, dry goods, clothing,
shoes nnd hardware are moving better.
In tbe East, leather, shoes, wool, to
bacco, and coal aro firm and out look
for business is regarded as favorable.
On the Pacific coast, export trade with'
our new possessions and with Asia has
been good. California reports tha
large area planted in grain helped by
Wheat (including flour) shipments
tor tho week aggregate 8,655,507 bush
els against 3,012,421 bushels last week.
Failures for the week in tho United
States nnmber 1G1 against 105 last week.
Canadian failures for the week num
ber 17, ngainst 10 last week.
PACI FIC COAST TRADE.
Onions, new, lKc
Lettuce, hot house, $1 per orate.
Potatoes, new, $10.
Beets, per sack, 85c$l.
Turnips, per sack, $1.00.
Beans, wax, 4c.
Carrots, per sack, 00c
Parsnips, per sack, $1.25.
Cauliflower, native, 75c.
Cucumbers 40 50c.
Cabbage, native and California,
2c per pounds.
Tomatoes 30 50c.
Batter Creamery, 29c; dairy, 18(3
22c; ranch, 18o pound.
Poultry 12c; dressed, 14c; spring,
Hay Paget Sound timothy, $14.00;
choice Eastern Washington timothy,
Corn Whole, $23.00; craoked, $26;
feed meal, $25.
Barley Rolled or ground, per ton,
Flour Patent, per barrel, $3.50;
blended straights, $3.25; California.
$3.25; buckwheat flour, $0.00; era
ham, per barrel, $3.00; whole wheat
flour, $3.25; rye flour, $3.80034.00.
Millstuffs Bran, per ton, $13.00;
shorts, per ton, $14.00.
Feed Chopped feed, $19.00 per ton;
middlings, per ton, $20; oil cake meal,
per ton, $30.00.
Fresh Meats Choice dressed beet
steers, price 7c; cows, 7c; mutton
7; pork, 8c; trimmed, 9c; veal, 9
Hams Large, 13c; small, 13i;
breakfast bacon, 12c; dry salt sides.
Wheat Walla Walla. 6454&c;
Valley, nominal; Blneatem, 57o per
Flour Best grades, $3.40; graham..
Oats Choice white, 42c; choica
gray, 41o per bnshel.
Barley teed barley, $15.60 brew
ing, $16.50 per ton.
Millstuffs Bran, $15.50 ton; mid
dlings, $21; shorts, $17; chop, $10 per
Hay Timothy, $1213; clover,$7
0.60; Oregon wild hay, $07 per ton.
Batter Fancy creamery, 45 50c;
Eggs 30o per dozen.
Cheese Oregon full cream, 12 Jc;
Young America, 13o; new cheese 10a
Poultry Chickens, mixed, $2,503.
3.50 "por dozen; hens, $4.00; springs,
$2.003.50; geese, $0.00 7.00 doz;
ducks, $3.00(35.00 por dozen; turkeys
live, llo por pound.
Potatoes EOQOOo per saok; .sweets.
lao per pound. ,
Vegetables Beets, $1; turnips,
per sack; garlio, 7o per pound;
bago, laO per pound; parsnips,
onions, $1; carrots, 75o.
Hops New crop, 1214o
Wool Valley, 1314o per pound;
Eastern Oregon, 012o; mohair, 2B
Mutton Gross, best ehoep, wethers
and ewes, 8io; dressed mutton, 0s
7o per pound.
Hogs Gross, choice heavy, $5.76;
light and feeders, $5.00; dressed.
$0.00 0.60 por 100 pounds.
Beef Gross, top eteors, $3.604.00;
cows, q3.0U3.60; dressed beef, 0
7o por pound.
Veal Large, 0S760; small, 8r
8)gc per pound.
Ban Franoi,oo Market.
Wool Spring Nevada, ll18opex.
pound; Eastern Oregon, 1014o; Val
ley, 1617o; Northern, 010o.
Hops Crop, 1900, 1810o.
Batter Fanoy creamery 24or
do seconds, 28o; fanoy dairy, 21
22o; do seconds, 20o per pound.
Egga Storo, 28o; fanoy ranch..
Millstuffs Middlings, $18.00 A
93.00; bran, $15.50(310,50.