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About Bohemia nugget. (Cottage Grove, Or.) 1899-1907 | View Entire Issue (Aug. 10, 1900)
THE HEART OF THE TREE.
What doe lie plant who plants a troe?
He plants n frlontl of sun and sky;
He phints tliv ling of breezes free;
The blui ft of beauty towering high;
lie plants u liome to heaven nulgh
I'or wing nml mother-croon of bird
In hushed anil happy twilight heard
The treble of heuvea's harmony
These things he plants who plnuts n tree,
What does he plant who plants a tree?
He plants cool shade and tender rain.
And seed and btul of days to be,
And, years that fade and tlusli again;
Hp plants the glory of the plain;
He plants the forest's heritage,
The harvest of the coming age,
The joy that unborn eyes shall wt
Thete things he plants who plants a tree
What does he nlant who plants a tree?
He plants, In ap and leuves and wood.
In love of home and loyalty,
And fnr-cat thought of civil good
His blessing on the neighborhood
Who In the hollow of his hand
Holds all the growth of all our land
IA nation s growth from sea to sea
Stirs in his heart who plants a tree.
S A CULINARY TRIUMPH.
iooIIEX Iorothy Griswold, after
yWf " brief but blissful courtship,
became Mrs. Philip Marston, It
teemed to her that life could bold no
more of happiness. Hut, alas, a cloud
appeared ou the sky of couuubial bliss
which Increased lu dimensions aud
density every day. The fact of the
mntter Is this: Dorothy could iiot
cook not a little bit. Like too many
of the girls of the present period, she
was educated in anything and every
thing but the one thing needful to a
housekeeper whose husband is a clerk
lu a Chicago department store.
Dorothy awoke from her dream of
bliss to a realizing t-ense of her de
ficiencies. She discovered that burnt
rteak, muddy coffee, soggy biscuit, and
dried-up roasts were not exactly the
right sort of fuel with which to feed
the flickering nauie of domestic love.
I'hlllp was too much of a gentleman to
Indulge in unkind or sarcastic speeches
to the bride of a few mouths, but he
lost Ills bright spirits, became serious
and preoccupied in his inauuer, lost
his appetite, aud, horrors, began to get
Dorothy became anxious and worried,
him nearly to death with her solicitude.
When, one morning he announced to
her that his ttnu desired him to go to
DOLIfT DtFTI.V CIIANOKD THE PLATK8.
New l'ork to buy goods for his depart
ment, she actually rejoiced, though It
would take ill in from her for a time,
b'nylng: "I am. glad, Phil, dear; the
change will do you good. 1 can stay
with Aunt Sarah, you know, while you
She put her flat In order, locked the
doors, and betook herself to her aunt's
house, which was a few blocks awav.
A few questions from her aunt, who
noticed her troubled eyes, brought the
whole matter to light.
"O, Aunt Sarah, I am so miserable,"
Bobbed Dorothy, "and we were so
happy. What shall I do?"
"Do?" cried Aunt Sarah, energetic
ally. "Why, learn to cook; that's all."
"But where, and how?" asked Dor
"Here," said her aunt.
On the afternoon of Philip's arrival,
n busy little llgure In a giughntn apron
llltted through the rooms ou household
duties Intent. Philip would not get
homo until C o'clock in the evening.
She had planned a good plain dinner
with a few kickshaws as a treat. liv
ery article was of her own cooklug, and
she felt as proud as a queen. Her
bread had turned out beautifully white
and spongy and baked a beautiful
brown. I'hlllp was so fond of home
made bread when It was good. She
was so glad the pie was a success;
I'hlllp doted on apple pie. Then thert
was a Charlotte Itusse, aud a mold of
lemon Jelly to go with It for dessert.
Everything was ready for the salad,
tho dressing made, the lobster pre
pared, nnd tho lettuce crisp and cool.
Twenty minutes to 0 tho bell rang.
Dolly Hew to the door, expecting to see
only her llego lord. What was her
Htirprlse to Hud with him a stranger,
whom he pieseuted as his cousiu, Jack
JUynolds, from New York. She had
often heard her husbnud speak of this
cousin, however, and received him cor
dially. "A real stroke of good luck, Cousin
Dorothy," said this young man, pro
ceeding to make himself at homo at
once, "my running against Phil Just
as he got off the train. He could not
escape me, though I believe he tried,"
which was truer than ho thought.
Tho soup was good nnd was followed
liy raw oysters, celery, nud olives, with
delicate soda biscuit. Dolly deftly
rJiangcd the plates, and she could
scarcely keep her face straight when
Philip, carving the tender, Juicy roas
as if In n dream, stared at the benutl
ful, snowy bread and tho well-cooked
vegetables In amazed wonder.
His spirits rose visibly. By tho tlmo
all wore served and he beheld his
Cousin Jack attacking tho viands be
fore him with groat zest, his happiness
was complete. His relief was so great
when the dessert arrived that hu bC'
came almost hilarious In his nppreehi
lion of his couslu's Jokes nml Dorothy's
witty responses. Ho tried In vain to
catch her eye. She resolutely uvoldcd
meeting his glnnces.
"l'oti arc the strangest fellow I over
came across, l'hll," declared his plain
spoken cousin, when dinner was nearly
over, "lou were as glum as a iieatns
head before dinner. Who could Im
nglue that a full stomnch would make
such n difference?" at which I'hlllp
Hushed guiltily and Dorothy laughed
When Jack was leaving ho said
heartily: "Cousin Dorothy, you arc
prime housekeeper, l'hll Is a lucky dog
to get such a wlfo. Almost thou per
suadest me to become a benedict."
"Do It," said l'hll, with his arm
throwu across his wife's shoulders aud
his face glowing with pride and affec
tion. "If you can find another like
Dolly," and Jack went his way, de
lighted with his visit.
"What a hypocrite you arc, Philip;"
cried Dorothy, her face hidden on her
husband s breast. "But you needn't
get your breakfast down-town any
more. I can cook lots of things" she
was sobbing now "b-b-bcefsteak aud
b-b-baeon nnd m-ni-mu-mutllns and"
'Some Infernal fool had to tell you
that, I suppose," growled Philip, with
his head laid on her yellow pompadour.
I swear I'll never do It any more,
"You won't need to," cried his wife.
triumphantly, lifting a tear-stained but
beaming face so near his that he did
what auy young husband worthy the
name would do lu his place. from
What to Eat.
BEAUTIFUL FEET ARE RARE.
Present-Day Footwear Distorts the Ex-
A man who denies that he Is preju
diced, but claims that ho Is a good
udge of feminine beauty, declares that
there Is scarcely a beautiful 'foot to be
found among tho women of to-tlay.
The high heels, the exaggerated curve
at the ball of the foot, tho stiff heel
stays and the pointed toes, he declares,
have distorted the foot In a paluful
and ugly manner.
The ankles are misshapen In some
cases the bones are enlarged until they
bulge out so that every bone Is percep
tible. The weight of the body throwu
-upon the toes has caused them to
pread out. Crowded Into pointed toes,
they stick up in clusters of knotty
The foot should be as shapely as the
hand. Footwear should fit as a glove
fits the hand. The perfect foot is slen
der, with an arched Instep and toes
that lie smoothly aud easily.
The first step toward acquiring a
pretty foot Is to wear shoes that fit It
comfortably. The next Is to take ex
ercises that will render tho toes strong
and supple. Pegln by spreading out
the toes to the utmost extent; then hold
four toes still aud attempt to move the
remaining one. Every toe should be
distinct and able to move separately.
Every nail should keep Its shape, just
as finger-nails do. The big toe should
be stralghter and shorter than the
next one and tho arch should be shape
ly and pliant.
The feminine foot, of to-day renders
a graceful carriage an Impossibility.
And all because Dame Fashion has de
creed that a short, high-heeled, pplnt-ed-toe
shoe Is the correct thing In
dressy footgear, forgetting that there
never was a human foot built that
Tit for Tat.
It Is characteristic of those who are
severe on others that they cannot bear
severity. Dean Swift, the severest
satirist of bis day, was one day dining
with a company of gentlemen, one of
whom he had made the butt of his ridi
cule, with repeated sallies. At last the
Dean poured upon a piece of duck some
gravy Intended to be eaten with a
roasted goose. The unfortunate gentle
man, seeing this, immediately said:
"My good dean, you surprise me you
eat a duck like a goose." The company
roared, and the poor dean was so con
fused and mortified that bo flew Into a
rage and left the table.
Benefit from Smudges.
A curious bit of adaptation to cir
cumstances may bo seen in summer
among the cattlo of the swamp lands
along the Mississippi. From July to
mid-September blood-stucklng Insects
mosquitoes, flics, gnats and so on
aro so bad their cattlo are sometimes
In danger of their lives. So are people
unless they make smudges that Is to
say, tires so tuicuiy smotuereu tney mi
tho nlr with clouds of smoke and thus
drive away tho pests. Tho cattle soon
learn the use and value of the smudges.
lloy "Without a Cliance.
Little George, who lives In a hand
some house on n flue avenue, bad been
reading tho biographies of Horace
Greeley, Abraham Lincoln, George Pea
body and Gen. Grant. Laying down
the book with great Impatience he ex
claimed: "If wo were only just poor
there might bo some chance for me,"
Detroit Free Press.
Jinks There's ono good thing about
Blnka What's that?
Jinks Ono never has them In ono'a
own house. Now York Weekly,
Dogs are not dentlste but they some
times Insert teeth.
i liflfnm, TUP
A Gigantic Industry Employing Millions of
Capital and Countless Hands.
At the present time the quantity of
wheat which Is sent abroad from the
United States and Canada annually Is
about 250,000,000. Yet this, large as
It Is, will certainly be more than dou
bled within the next ten years.
Sir William Crookes, the distinguish
ed president of the British Association
for the Advancement of Science, writ
ing recently of the proportion between
wheat production and wheat consump
tion, ventured to name the year 1031
as a date when the world's bread-caters
would cry for more wheat than the
world's farmers could produce. This
may be an overestimate, yet the statis
tics from which such prophecies are
drawn show how very closely the con
eumer treads upon the heels of the nro-
ducer, and how Imperative Is the neces
sity of distributing the crop grown
perhaps half a world away from the
centers of consumption as soon as It
Is shaken from the threshers In a mill
ion fields, in order that every white
man snail nave his loaf, and have It
Derore nis last supply has run out.
Great Britain eats her entire wheat
crop in about thirteen weeks, and then
she must be supplied Immediately with
tue prouucis or America or Central
Russia or India, or else she must suffer,
If the United Kingdom bo completely
blockaded, say by the ships of allied
Europe, her population would probably
bo totally extinguished by starvation
within three months. The like Is true
of. every country In western Europe,
although In some of them actual star
vation could be much longer averted.
When a European thinks of food he
thinks In terms of wheat, ne Is tho
greatest of bread-eaters. Yet in the
best of years Europe never produces
enough, even Including the crops from
tho vast fields of Busslo, to supply her
own needs. She Is tnerefore absolute
ly dependent on the United States,
Canada, India, Australia and Ar"en
tlne. Progressive Wheat Growers.
Tho American and Canadian farmer,
and particularly the Northwestern
wheat farmer, who ploughs and reaps
and threshes by machinery without so
much us touching his product with his
hands, Is becoming pre-eminently a
man of business. The Governments
have supplied colleges for educating
him, and they send him regular bulle
tins containing the results of long-continued
experiments conducted by the
Department of Agriculture. He Is ft
wlito reader, sometimes a thinker, and
SCENES IN THE WHEAT COUNTRY.
U7UPAT rrrr V
always a politician. Every morning
uuring tne days of harvest he receives
the reports of the Board of Trade or
the Chamber of Commerce where his
wheat Is likely to be sold. He has also
on liis desk dally prices and a general
advisory letter from his commission
The primary movement of wheat is
tue natural now to the local flour mill.
where it Is ground to feed the farmer's
family, aud toward the granary, where
it is storea up for seed. The propor
tion of wheat tnus actually retalnmi
and consumed In the country where It
is grown is very large.
When the farmer has amply provided
for himself, he begins to think of sell
ing his surplus-whlch In 1808, for the
united states and Canada, amounted
to the enormous total of 450,000,000
uusueis. ui mis, something less than
half Is consumed In the cities of the
united Mates aud Canada, aud some
thing more than half Is exported to
foreign countries, either as wheat or as
The wheat crop of the averogo year
Is, therefore, divided Into three more or
less equal parts, the first being con
sumed by the farmer nnd his immedi
ate neighbors of tho smaller towns and
villages, the second going to supply the
concentrated masses of population in
the great cities, and the third being ex
ported as wheat or flour to feed the
Mr. Bay Stannard Baker, lu an article
on tho Movement of Wheat, In Mc
Olure's Magazine, tells of the manner
in which tho wheat crop is disposed of
by the wheat farmer.
There are three general methods by
which this Is done. lu tho proline
Northwest, whero largo numbers of
farmers aro cultivating from 3,000 to
10.000 acres of wheat a year, where
the various farm buildings are con
nected by telephone, where the plough
lug Is done by complicated machinery
whero tho farmer owns from two to
ten threshing machines, from twenty
to fifty reapers and hundred nr nMi
and horses, the sale of a crop becomes
a largo business proposition.
But tho great mass of smaller farm.
ers, especially throughout tho winter
wwiu uiBincis, sun Bell In tho old
fashioned way, to the local elevator
man or buyer. They keen H,omi
so thoroughly Informed, however, as
luiBuiug prices in tho greit
marts and the probabilities as to rise
or fall, that the commissions of the
local dealer have been scaled to the
lowest notch. Indeed, lu this day of
many railroads. If the small wheat
grower Is dissatisfied with local prices,
he can combine with his nelghbors-n
not Infrequent occurrence and ship
directly by carload lots to xome elty
commission man. who Is only too will
lug to buy his gralu ut thcMilghost pos
HjrHlem or Kleviitor.
So fierce Is the competition fcmotis
the wheat buyers that at some centers,
most notably Minneapolis, vast sys
terns of elevators have sprung un. each
controlled by a powerful central house
at tho terminal point. Then. nr..
fewer than thlrty-slx elevator
!--Z: . .V
LAKE VESSELS LOADING AT A CIirOAGO ELEVATOR.
panics In Minneapolis, controlling l,82
country elevators with a combined en-
pacny or iiearly 50,000,000 bushels of
A single company controls 115 conn.
try elevators having a canacltv of 4..
750,000 bushels of wheat. And tin.
head of this company Is also the heud
of other companies there, having lines
of elevators lu Minnesota nml tin, lin.
kotas with a combined storage capacity
"cany iu,oou,uuu bushels. He also
has lines of elevators in Nebraska and
Perhaps no ono thine so slumim,,-
and facilitates the movement of wheat
ns tho present rigid system of Inspec
Ion and grading. In former times a
load of grain must needs bo carefully
examined by every prospective pur
chaser, wero ho miller or commission
"n; and If this buyer sold again n
wm,n.ex a'nlnat,on l necessary,
m !h"" nttcnaant disagreement as to
luallty. The business of wheat buy
!.!? !.n'l0O!!.,1 yv.nH f.1"' "ftimc,
'""" " i mo end iioi,,,, 0ttJ
to a tnulo was likely ,,, J ' J I,,
A u coiiHequence. il, . 'H
muni. or. In noiiiu IrliMIItytn,l1t?,lrWiiI
local clinniborof conunerV. kt,U
ami tiHNiinuMl charge or n . .''Wi.
trni of grading .,,, iiini:,:.U(S
now no imtllou f , J. "'
Iiiimh moves with uioiv ln 'Wtbt
oli'Mi-y. a degree or ,.,. J Mil
simply MtniizliiK to iti.. ,, ."l'l'u't
coiwiMiitly miiliiiaiiied vr m
A I present tlu r. Kr,..
valor ..eiiteiH are Mi,,,,, " , r'
mnigo ami nnrralo In tR, i ',
city home of ,he (.,., ,,,, i.' ""''"
ngo cnpiiflly of fr,,,, ,c a to-
00(1 ImihIii'N, H,m. r , ,,,.:" -'
oiwrnlwl by .(...tri..ii. '?. !:
Falls, profoeicd fmm ilI .""W
IIIMllO Wllll'l' SVKU.II,, ,! N
pletti iiinclilMci'y for ,(
I, nil k.i.iui.in.. i
iitTt'NHiiry. " ""tli
Tho t'lcvntors an
tll'OVtil,,,! ..... 'I
onlletl "Wan." loiu. """H
moving bucket belts, ,,. 'll,,4
Into the hold of ,. .. rel'""ftl
1 1 ere the
Ili'ie the wheat is
.. . " " ' '"'il'Q Vh..il
"""V"1"'' l7 r!i
wiiiKiiieu, totiiiij in ,.,,
Into thr 'pathway r i,K,.
em, wiih'ii, III , iii-ii. ,,.w
hind-It hwiku tv. i " Ml
Mlllltl-tfl II lw f ., ""?!
III., III,.. I.. ill I. V' 'i
" - ". ii inn, . a
wards Into the eleia.or. .l ,l nrJ
II n liKill,' lli W1..1...... ... . . ""'"tfol
1NOIMMI llllyl.,,1 . A"fl'l
111 II flll- Itltll-u ..1,11.. i..... .. ti
side of the clevtimr uiil reload It Z
cars, six at n tlim- , nM. . .
mi li.ui. mi .. i i .ri3
, .. m ...
im- i-usi (ii nil Miene onnmil... 1. 1
been reduced to a ii'li' iilmnly 0,'j
ll,!1 the eiitlii. ,..L i- ......... 'I
Htni-liiji nnd ivhiiidiii.. rarely )&
mure than inn t to tin. nrlctofjl
iilirflll-l III l lll'll I.
Carrl-iKB to SciIiomi-i!,
j no traiiHportaiu.ii ,.r uiu-ni frovta.
West to Ihi' KCiiliiiuni h u butlomtf
minimi un iinri-n ii Hi" l,HIKIIIti. ji
menus million-) ui il.illnrs a rj,t,
IlllllOlld I, llll xblp oh . auj dwiii
,1... ,.jl. ui. ...... i ..r i. '
ii,.- i no,, nviin.fi, i, in.- laic 14,,. IKIgny,
Is the demand fur iniiixportation iw
shippers llml illtlli-uliy ,u utitiiife
enough en , k itinl m-i-u
Most of tlte w heut r Hie Northi-
now goes ny wnj or n- iitv-. ibrgf
the Siiult .Sit. Mnrii io liol
where It Is shlppi-il ii, mil urMtuIti
New York, Boston, itu.i inure anj 'n
I-'ew appreciate t'n- inagtiliudtoliti
lake shipping liitercsti. wlilclt hit.
been developed to a 'uiiMili-niWci-it
by the transportation t wlicat.
tilth-Superior Is the m-i'oinl port lath
1'nlteil States In point of touo-jf, t
lug t'.xeei'ded only by New York. Ts
Sault Ste. Mi, tie Canal p.-unct tnoul
a half times us iiiueh tiuina In f rt
mouths ns the Sue. Caiuil -msciig,
full year. I.nke shlpiiliti; ninUki
moreover, the cheapest trannportitls,
In the world, the rate ln-Iiiz apprti
mutely thrcc-ijiiarti-rs of a will wrta
Snine of the greater hike TM'diw
ry enormous cargoes up to nm
bushels of wheal In a mIiikIo load. Wh
out comparisons, it Is dlilh-ult to (on
any conception of the lintiicnMljrf,
argo of tills size. In Dultitli. lOOlrtM-
els are estimated ns a carload. Atlw
rate, a cargo of IKKMHio lmlift. HH
has actually licoii iransporliil from Da
lull, to BiilTalo. would llll n'Mtmoi
nine trains of forty cars end,, Atw
teen bushels to the a-rp, tlili Mtjt
would represent the sleld of IHM
. ,.. .ii.i .
acres or num. in ninny loramm
farm of KM) acres Is looked upon :i I
large one. It would take 10." such firai
to raise enough wheat to fumlb lii
I'ntll recently New York bid 6
lion's share of the whe at export W-
ncss; but latterly Boston, Hal
Philadelphia, New Orlcaus, Gaiv""
nml .Montreal liavo been lnre P?"!
Kor the fiscal year 1890 New lor "
only 'J8.8 per cent, while Sew ow
and Galveston had JlW'Pef' '.S
Boston 12, Baltimore OA.aadl
pi, la (l per cent., the ronmlndcr
scattered between Slontieal, low
Norfolk nml Newport News.
To (juoto again from Mr. w
average yield of wheat pcrnere hi.
i.. i uon t was it"'
tinny creepms up. i - .
11.1 bushels to tho ncro; l 1 11 A.
i:i.7 IniRhels; wlilie In i' " - -.
mi ir. n lmaiio Bv tue um " --
OKI, nn, , tllXl Willi CUl-HI"-. . ....
:":.v""" ':: . : ",n,.s. the
II MIIMMUI IIUIUII IUI - vjmv
snortation lor siu'i'y' -neap-
lylmn over befow ho Mint, i
;; un that. m'110"6. ,
mo iiirm pneuo mi L.jmw
age higher from year to year,
er's profits are larger,
An outwHFdlwU oftumei co
uu Inward groan.