Image provided by: University of Oregon Libraries; Eugene, OR
About Bohemia nugget. (Cottage Grove, Or.) 1899-1907 | View Entire Issue (Feb. 2, 1900)
of President Lincoln.
N April 14 Just thirty-three years
will haTe passed since l'rcsldent
Lincoln was shof down In Ford's
Theater, Washington, by John Wilkes
Booth. The excitement all over the Unit
ed States toilay; caused by the war scare,
brines to mind the thrill of horror and
excitement that passed over the country
thirty-three years ago, when. Just as the
minds of the people had become settled
after four years of war, the country was
startled by the announcement of Lin
- coin's assassination. -
Announcements bad been made in
Washington papers 'that President Lin
coln and Gen. Grant, accompanied by
their wives, would visit Ford's Theater
(now a pension otllce) on the evening of
April 1,4. .
.Ge'n.jGrant found it necessary to visit
Burlington. N. J., on that memorable
14th of April, and he accordingly sent to
President Lincoln o note of regret at his
Inability to accompany him to the the
ater that evening, leaving Washington on
the (J p. m. train.
To Schuyler Colfax, then Speaker of
' . the House, the President extended an In
vitation to attend the theater as late as
8:15 p. m., for it was not until then that
the President's party left the White
House. President Lincoln manifested a
curious reluctance to going, but stated
that the papers had advertised that him
fidfaml Gen. Grant would both attend,
and, since Gen. Grant had left Washing
ton, he did not want to have the audience
disappointed, as the people would expect
to see at least one of them.
The theater was crowded. The box
reserved for the presidential party was
the double box forming the second tier on
the right-band side of the stage. The
front of the box was decorated with flags
and in the center, on the outside, bung
an engraving of Washington.
As the Grnntg had declined an Invita
tion to Attend, Mrs. Lincoln invited, In
their stead. Miss Harris, daughter of Sen-
ator Ira Harris, and Maj. Henry It.
Allathbone, the Senator's stepson.
' The play presented was the original
rerslon of Tom Taylor's "Our American
Cousin," as It was always given before
the late E. A. Sothern's changes In It,
afterwards made to elaborate his still
remembered character of Lord Dun-
The assassin, Booth, familiar with the
JOH.V WII.KKS booth.
, Jheater, visited the box about 0 p. m.,
looking In for a last survey of the various
positions of lis occupants. It was sup.
ppsedat the time, that it was due to a
, 'Bjlstake' or the exercise of an Impertl
" lent curiosity. Unknown to the presl
lentlal party, Booth had, during the day,
bored a hole through the door of the box
.'or observation or perhaps to Are through.
A p. m. Booth again entered the
box, quietly holding a pistol In one band
and a knife, or dirk, in the other. Maj.
Itatbbone rose and asked this Intruder
his business. Booth rushed past the
Major without making a .reply and, plac
ing his pistol close to the President's
head, actually In contact with it. tired,
and Instantly sprang upou the cushioned
baluster of the box, when he made a
backward plunge with bis knife, aimed
at the face or breast of Mr. Lincoln.
Maj. Itathbone, springing forward to pro
tect the President, received the stab In
It was towards the latter part of the
play. Perfect stillness reigned through
out the house. The nudlence listened to
the dialogue between Florence Trenchnrd
and May Meredith, when the pistol shot
rang through the theater. It was appar-
INTERIOB OF K
ently fired behind the scenes on the right
or rue stage, ana u was accepiea oy me
audience as an introduction to some new
passage, several of which 'bad been In
terpolated In the early part of the play.
Booth had been noted as a leaper, hav
ing become habituated to sensational
leaps in his repertoire of characters. He
leaped nine feet down on the stage, but
his spur caught In the flag decorating the
front of the presidential box and as be
reached the stage he fell, recovering Mm
self in a wonderful way, though bis leg
was broken. He bounded across the
stage, pushing past Miss Laura Keene,
who stood near the prompter's desk,
striking her on the band with his own,
still holding the dagger. As be crossed
the stage Booth cried out, dramatically,
"Sic semper tyrannls!" nnd "I have done
It I" Once through the side scenes Booth
quickly escaped by the rear door of the
theater, where a horse awaited him, its
bridle held by an employe of the theater
whom Booth rewarded with a kick, his
agony from his broken leg being Intense.
Meanwhile the Bbrleks of Mrs. Lincoln
made clear to the audience the nature of
the horrible crime that bad just been per
petrated. Pandemonium reigned. Wom
en cried, men hollowed and children
screamed. Miss Laura Keene advanced
to the footlights and called out: "For
God'a sake, have presence of mind I Keep
your places and all will bo well!"
Miss Harris called Mo Miss Keene to
bring some water, which the actress did,
and afterwards accompanied Mrs. Lin
coln to the house opposite, to which the
unconscious President was nt once re
moved. It was found that he had been
shot through the bead, above tho back of
the temporal bone, and that some of tho
brain was oozlg out and that death -was
Within a comparatively short time the
terrible news had spread all over Wash
ington, and by midnight every member
of the cabinet, except Seward, whoBe owu
life was attempted, had gathered at the
bedside of their dying chief. Mrs. Lin-
coln was nrcKcnl, prostrated with grift
niul other members of the family, St
tor Simmer, Speaker Colfax, nillllnry of
He lu s of the War iJciinrtuient. Severn
generals mid physicians, the latter In
eluding Surgeon General Humes, win
hud from the Unit assisted Dr. Stone
the President's family physician.
President Lincoln never recovered eon
scloimicss. As day dawned Ills pulsi
fill Icil nud a look of perfect peace over
spread his features. At 7:-'. a. in. Ii
censed to brenthe. ltev. Dr. (liirley kuet
down nud prnyed and Secretary Slnutoi
broke the silence which followed with tin
reinnru: "ftovt he belongs to the ages."
The South lost, In Lincoln, one win
would have proved to be Its best friend
us Is, perhaps, now rcnlUcd. In n leltci
written to Gen. Van Aleii on the last dnj
or his life, Lincoln wrote words tint
strike the keynote of his character. It
It he said:
"1 thank you for the assurance you glvi
nie that I shall be stiliiiortcd br eonservn
tlve men like yourself In the efforts I
may make to restore the Union so its ti
make It, to use your liiiiciiiiire. n unloi
or Hearts and hands ns well as of Stales.'
Over all the members of lliitl nr,il
dentlal theater party u black and awfu
rate Hung menacingly.
Many have not followed the end of nth
ers Indirectly associated with the tragedy
ine striCKeu widow of the miirtyrc
i resilient passed the bit ante of ut ilavi
lu melancholia nnd mildness. Of thi
guests who were with her lu the box thai
nignt, one slew the other nnd mi,!,., I hli
owu life a maiilnc.
VALENTINES OUT OF DATE.
Orlulnnl Vcr.r, I'loncra orfuitdy An
-uw iiu i-roper tiirtn.
Valentines nre out nf ilni.. Ti,..t i.
the edict of society. When the Ulh ol
reurtinry comes around nun- il,,. ,,,,,,
enier is to write to your lady fnlr u few
choice stanza of vulentlne verse, or, Ii
case of your Inability to construct proci
rhyme, send around n f..u- tiim.-l
letH or sweet roses or a nice box of caiulj
n heart shnited box preferred, of courst
"II tied up with pretty silk rlblMins. Tin
flowers and the cmidr liinr not lnt
oug as tue MK-try. but the flowers wll
lie prettier, the candy will taste better and
uotu will lie more appreciated.
nen ii in sold tlint valentines are out
f date the statement hat to be made. i
course, wiin some reservnt on. Tber nri
out of dnte as gifts Itetween fnahlonnblt
adults, but among children they are iopu
lar still. Every little lad nud
wntches for the postman on the inornlnt
of St. Valentine's day, of course, nnd Ii
disappointed If the mail brings no lovt
message, no little cmltosscd nud ttnlntcc
Cupid. What Is meant by the statement
that valentines are out of date Is that tin
ay of the three-story, fussed and fuiiv.
baud-painted, Hut and nonsense creation.
over which young Indies used to go lute
ecstasies of delight nud young men used
to go Int v bankruptcy, tins long been pass
ed. The custom of sending that sort ol
remembrance is ns dend ns the custom ol I
New Years calling. It was never a sen
sihle custom anyway, for no young ma
felt really repaid in putting a week's sa
nry into a gift to a young lady when, be-
cause of the mystery nnd secrecy that
nave to be observed In sending valentines,
lie could not accompany It with his card,
It was altogether too discouraging to
hare his hated rival get the credit for
sending a sentimental lot of poetry all
oone up In UulTy expensiveness for which
he had cheerfully emptied his pockets and
"gone broke." Valentines of that sort
have bad their day and belong now to the
sweetly remembered past.
PRAYER TO ST. VALENTINE.
Hearts or dollars? ahr'to which
Should my muldcn heart Incline!
To be loved or to bok-n?
Tell me, good St, Valentine.
Should I scorn tho shining gold?
Is a heart a richer mine? t
Here I'm waiting to be told-
Tell me, good St. Valentin.
BGVUblNG OF GMSS.
pnOCESS LITTLE UNDERSTOOD
How (ho ltduo of (llnss Is Cut Awny
mid HcttuUlicd-A Very Hlmplo Pro
but Ouo Itoiiiilrlnu Skill In It
DU.llllI Kllinn ... ... ii I '
. . . ... . (.. ..... ....... ,1.1, It
. . .... ...,..,.. I. ..III .IU.ll ll.tlil
HOW llll I1IUIU UAltllBUll,; iinw.
formerly. Twenty yearn hko huvolcd
inlrioiH wcru eoiniiiuullvcly imo, now
tliey arc common, mid in o soon In tunny
Mini pes and sixes, llovolod plates, Iiu ixo
niul small, mill both straight ami bout.
mo used for vnr.oiu otnor purpose,
Tho process of glass hoveling Ih very
simple, but tlio work culls fur uU.lt on
the part of tho opciuiors,
Tho pluto to bo beveled goes first to
tho roughing mill, which Is it solid,
heavy steel wheel nboui two feet mid a
liulf flit In d.nmutor, sot liiirixoutiilly,
mid turtiltiBiit it Ii Ik Ii rntoof npueii. mo
upper hi iv, or top of this wind, Ii
sIlKlitly roughened. Suspended ovor
tlio wheel is it nig noiiner column. nc
mind, which Is fed tlown throiic.i n
spout lnsiiclii..mitlty im limy be roijiilr
. . ... . .. ., .1.
en upon i iiu top it tuu ruiigii'iiicini
Mteel wheel. Tlio grinder bohU tho
pluto to ho ground In bis hniiilH, with
the edge to tie ground nlT upou tho face
of the i-ouRhlug mill; ho shifts tho p.nto
along as the glass Is ground n way. Tlio
cxpeit Krluder. Iioldlug n Hlicul of glans
iigaliist the roughing uheel lu this man
uer, will grind a true bevel, with a per
fectly straight Hue along Its Inner edge.
mid ho brings tho side bevels together
with a perfectly true angle at tho cor
n tho roughing mill tho tiovel Is
wrought to shape, hut Its face Is rough-
looking nud feeling. In fact, llko wh it
It Is, ground glass. The plate goes then
to tho enemy wheel, also of steel and
set liorlxoii'.ally. Sua. uudod over this
wheel Ih ii little hopper tilled with
emery, tho emery feeding down upon
tho wheel. Upou this wheel tin; rough
face of tho bevel ns It comes from tho
roughing mill Is again ground, tlio pinto
being held In tho same manner by a
grinder, nnd the surface Is brought
nearer to smoothness.
From tho emery wheel the plate goes
to tho smoothing stone, which In nl hi
set to turu horizontal y. Tho smooth
lug stone, which Is of mi extremely
lino sandstone. Is made with Its upper
Ntirface. that against which the glass Is
brought, very slightly convex. This
stone Is finished perfectly smooth mid
It Is so lino grained that to tho touch It
HeouiM almost to bo polished. A tiny
stream of water, enough to keep thu
fit co of tho stone wet, Ih tnndo to
trickle tlown upon It and tho glass U
held to tills wheel just an It wits to tho
others, nnd bore tho hoveled edge Is
brought dowu to a smooth surface, but
not polished. Tho plate goes then to n
polishing wheel made of wood ami sot
to turn vertically; the bevel odgo of tho
glass In held against tho edgo or face of
thlH wowlen wheel us It rapidly ro-
volves. Thefaceof the wheel Ih kept wet
min constantly supplied witn puiveru-
cil Htone. Uwn tlilmvhecl the beveled
edgo gctH It llrst polish. Tho glnsii
then takcH tlio final step In tho hoveling
process. It rocs to another wheel, also
of wood, and also turning vertically,
whose fnco Ih of felt Tlio faco of thlx
wheel also Is kept wet and It Ih suppll
ed with a flno pollshluj; meterlnl called
from Its color, rotigo. Hero, ns nt tho
first pollshlni,- wheel, tho k'mh Is held
with the hovel against tho edge, or faro
of tho wheel. On tho rotigo wheel tho
bovel gets Its final polish and flnlsUnnd
the Htirfaco of tho bcreled edge, which
hfter tho first operation was rough llko
ground glass, Is now ns smooth mid as
polished as tho tint surface of tho plate,
(3 rent plates that nro too big to bo
hold by hand aro locked Into n frame
that can bo so moved as to bring tho
edges to bo beveled against wheels ad-
Justed for the purpose. Now York Sun,
Gre.at Man's Toniler Heart,
Lord Lawrence, viceroy of India, was
a blunt man of action, Impatient of
contradiction, mid thoroughly oelf-re-
limit. Yet, like ninny of tlio trulv
- - - v..inv, , v-n iiuiuni ivvzir
great, bo lmd a heart oh tender nH n est llres In n most lutereHtliiK and rff
woman's. Tho night on which ho inarkablo mnnner. For four nr fliUSt'
fllnrtnrl frnm tyiniltui (n ......nn.. l...ll l. I
i"'"u uum nu
gathered nil his family in tho drawing,
room ii nu iiniuo cncii ciinu repeat n
favorlto hymn to him. Ills youngest
son, 10 years old, nestled In his father's
nrniH. Suddenly tho strong man burst
"I Hhall never," ho cried, "seo Bertlo
ft child agalul"
It was not of tho hardships lieforo
him, or of his owu death ho thought,
but of tho fact that Bertlo would uot
oo a ciiiiu to him on his return.
On bourd tho steamer with tho gov-
eriior generm or ilium was n lady with
ber infant child. Sho neglected tho
baby, which rovenged Itself by crying
day mid night Tho passengers com-
jniuiieu iu lunguogo moro rorciblo than
"Stownrd, throw that baby over
board!" was potulantly shouted from
At lust Lord Lawrence, HcelnB that
t.ll,ll lldll ...MM ..ll.f...... 1
. .....ii. nDH
"Why do yoti. my loni ....
iiii. ..,j,i, KiiirnrnuiTH Htiu.
a en inn u ivoriinr iriiiiniMi .. ,. ..
" ' " Hi Hi.
.... . . HIIIQP
' IICCIIIISII IU II, II llu, ...... i u
Hwnrcil Lord Ln wi-i,n,-.. ......
... . "HI c
in' ,'v ... , in,, nillll u-i.ft ,
t,i v .., ii. ri n in, iviii. I .
.rum muni Miir, .li.i.u .....
Id I ...... .1.1. ..... ... ... .... I,
I I. .'J uuk w. .ill', I (INlllIliia
FtM ( nilNKiiiniior,,
uini iiihi iimimv vuii, nnv w
"wiioiiiiT ii r" ii in lorr.t ,.r i...
tut rori'o or iimni or or tippotii,,
wnrii lens or two en cueim ,i-i, ,.
it power iinconxnuiisiy
el... ..it,,... .,i..i,i .i
" 1 ' MIC P
lights lit n ccrtiiin elty mnM,.,,
uui, min niii'r n iiiuiiiii -:iuh. 0l
rrt'ity noon mi ouor 1 iu t tit
overcooKdi tinnier IIIIimI
liuinw. nnd on cxiniiliiuiion it wnn.
turn it coujiio or ru'cueim tmd t0,
niul jjoiio to roost nu the mm, w)f
ah went wen wiin uini, ,int
wcicit. mm n mt iiihi m ii
readied across to lvt n good niBbt
- 1 to m miiuy. on iiu ,)iltr, jj
I lflltlt llllltl IiIMm l.llll.li..,! ....
moment tueir tuns ioik-ih- i tii
of tlious'inds of volts huh shortdlfi
cttltcd through their liiiilun anlHi
U!si ended lu ii llglnti.i-g tlaii, mi
burnt feitthers. fiov
Sycosn, having n aweetening n,if
KM I times greater than Hint f ,JW
Is the newest substlttito offered laiffn
belle conditions. H
Ktaln of liaumin Juice Is alinont I JrnTi
ble. It does not proceed from the iMf!
or lnnt,btit exists lu the green f.jS
ns well, from which, when cut hjyj
bruised, It exudes lu the slmpo of t'jaP
or crtsini-IIko drops.
Monsieur Salome, n French inL0i
mixes Ids colors with petroleum
stead of turpentine mid drying oil.
no tiuuKs iiu bus mailo nu HuprJ
iiienr. iiio colors nm first grouM
oil. nnd then rendered with petroM
Tlio reason kettles sing Is n veryal
plo one. An tho water gets hot, M
nubbles of steam aro formed at
iNittotii of tho kettle. These la u
rush upwnrdH strike the sides of
kettle, mid set tho inctnl It Is iiitdtl
lu vibration, thus causing the li
mlng hound wo call Hinging. You
notlco that n largo copper kettlf, I
sides of which nro thin, will emit
much louder and more inimical t
than n common Iron kettle.
A new tlredge for use on the YtJ
river, in Russia, has Just been built i
Ih constructed lu two parts so m
pnss through tho canal system leadJ
from tho Ilaltlc. Each half Is JKJf,
long, UVj feet wide mult) feet deep, 4
each half can bo oierntod sepnrali
making a liotttiiii cut IC! feet wide. T
dredge has Hteel litills and Is propel
mid controlled by electrical maclilDi
of Atnerlcau mimiifaettire. Steam I
generated by American boilers
In the Bay of Plentv. Nmr '.onhu
IH OIIO Of tlllt IIIOHt l.ltrn.r.llnnr.
nnds In tint world tt lu ,.,.ti.i u-mW-
Island, nnd consists mainly of stilnliH'
mixed with irvtisum m.i n r.. ..ifcSM
iiiliiernls. niw i-i -t. ista'
about threo miles In circumference itffl
which rises between SOO nmi (nVmH
nuovo tlio sea, floats continually
iiiuueiiHo ciotiu or
elevation of 10,000
vapor attaining kSS
feet. In tho eentjlPJ
' ncld-chnrged watj
is n mining inko of ncld-chnrgei
covering urty ncres. and HtirrouiiW
with blowdiolcH from which steam aoUS
sulphurous fumes nro omitted wlui!
great forco and uoIho. With carets
boat can bo navigated on tho lnkn TwlS
sulphur from Whlto Islnnd Is very puiS
but little effort has yet been uindekHp
nrocuro It HyHteinatlcally. Ifii1
Young long-leaf pines, accordlne
.nr. 1'iiicnot or the Department of Ai
cnmmt iiritiwit tim,iiiniii.,.u .. i...
..m, .. m .... , . jllA
m um nu-iiin ol IIIO I II TO III trCCS lrf
tain n height of only ns many luclifpg
nnovo tlio son. During this time thtsfti
bark Is extraordlnarllv thini, .....i tiiJIl!
nlono gives hoiiio protection. But ln
nddltlon. tho long needles spring t
ntmvn im ui, ,i .' . 38t
nil sides "In n. L'r..n.i n,iu0...t.. wi,i3j
fiiH t0 tho croninl In n oir..t iM
seedling." This green barrier can wlfv
dllllculty bo mailo to burn, whllo WM
shado Hint It
bio crnsa from orowtn
tected stem. Mr. Plneiu.t ti.i.,k. inmlii
Is owing to this peculiar systom of sclJ
protection which n,
havo doveloped tbitt tho growth of ewl
sreon oaks In Florida lins been restrlcll
on in regions whero fires Imvo raj
whllo our plno forests havo taken theW
Ponrl Flslinrs of Cevlon.
Tho pearl fishing season In Cejlo
v. m.uB ma urougut t0 tM 8urfUC0 uy atty dlyoil.