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About The news=record. (Enterprise, Wallowa County, Or.) 1907-1910 | View Entire Issue (Oct. 24, 1907)
EOW WRINKLES ARE REMOVED.
OPINIONS OF GREAT PAPERS ON IMPORTANT SUBJECTS
BACK TO THE FABM.
T last the cry hag boon raised In this eoun-
Vtk I try, "Back to the farm." The cities are
I over-crowded. Employment Is difficult to
necessaries of life. The prices of all food
stuffs are high. These conditions must be
remedied, and, as the demand for Indus
trial products Is limited, recourse must be had to agri
culture. The farm can be made more profitable than a
city Job. . r
A year or so ago when London was disturbed by bread
riots, there arose among that city's poor a man who
thought he could solve the problem. In a small way he
began to lead London's poor Into the country, establish
them on (small truck patches, teach them how to raise
vegetables and fruit,, and his experiment to-day has
proven so great n success that London's poor are crowd-1
lug to the country. The exjierlnient has attracted at
tention In this country and now philanthropists of New
York, Boston, Chicago and other great cities are ma
turing plain to Hend their poor Into the country, place
them on land, give them a start in farming, and thus
help fhem to become self-supporting citizens. The move
ment In this country, although Just bpgun, promises to
be the most humanitarian of a generation, because it re
lieves actual suffering, both physical and mental, such
as most of us know very little about. England Is small ;
this country Is hirge. If the experiment should prove
successful In England, it certainly ought to here.
In raising the cry "Back to the fnrm" there 'Is no dis
position on the part of anyone to crowd the poor out of
our large cities. The, sole Idea Is to do good In a much
more effective way than the methods that have been In
vogue. Practical charity Is what Is Intended, and, If
assistance Is received In the same spirit as it is offered,
there ought to be, before many years, a measurable re
lief to the conditions that have obtained In our large
cities, and made them the centers of widest contrasts of
human' existence. Wllllamsport (Pa.) Grit.
THE CHURCHES AND SOCIAL REFORM.
IIGNS of the times are growing more and
more apparent In the work of churches. In
stead of devoting themselves to man's eter
nal welfare as used to be the case, they are
growing more and more concerned with this
life on earth. Once priests and ministers
tn Hi ml nxnltixlvelv of heaven mid hell. Now
they discuss the manner In which men should live in
this world, not bo much with reference to a future ex
igence as to Justice and happiness here.
One Chicago Baptist clergyman, occupying the pulpit
of one of the largest and most influential churches in
tho city, has gone so far In this dlrectlou as to convert
himself Into a social reformer, without consideration of
religion as it was ouce known.
Churches, he says, are usually afraid to denounce In
justice, because they are supported by men In positions
of wealth and power; but no fear affects him. He want
the government to take absolute control of all public
utilities, to regulate all estates, so that It shall be Im
possible to pass an estate on to the thlfd generation ;
to make lare landed ownership Impossible, and to pen
sion widows, the aged and the helpless.
It Is good to see the churches now finding an outlet
from the place of indifference in which they are grad
ually being left by the masses of the people and plunging
Into questions that deeply Interest every thinking man.
The religion of the future will, of course, concern Itself
with man's destiny hereafter, but It will have much
more to say than the religion of the past about man's
state on earth.
If religious feeling can once be enlisted in the cause
of social reform, It will give a tremendous Impetus to
the progress of civilization. Chicago Journal.
AT Is not often that Americans consider the
other side of the Immigration question ; yet
the governments of the countries from
which the people come here are troubled
over emigration almost as much as Immi
gration perplexes the officers in Washington.
For a number of years from one-half to three-quarters
of a million Italians have been leaving home to go
to South America or to the United States. Agricultural
laborers have become so scarce In many provinces that
it Is almost Impossible to till the land. Italian writers
on the subject call attention to the fact that only the
very young and the old In those districts remain, the
best young blood having gone abroad in search of for
tune. When these young men return they are too often
broken in health from having submitted to hardship and
privation to save money to spend at home.
Complaint of the depopulation of agricultural districts
comes from Spain also, although Spanish emigration is
small as compared with that from Italy. Germany is
not pleased with the departure of hundreds of thousands
of able-bodied young men who are needed at home, not
only to serve In the army, but to assist in the Industrial
development of the fatherland and Its dependencies. The
decrease In poulatlon of Ireland Is regarded as a striking
commentary upon the result of British rule In the Island.
There nre In the United Slates to-day more native-born i
Irishmen and children of Irishmen than In all Ireland.
Japan has lately co-operated with the United States
in an effort to prevent Japanese laborers from coming
to America. The Japanese government gladly did this
because it prefers that the people not content at borne
should go to Korea or some other dependency of the em
pire rather than cross the ocean to a country where they
can do nothing to Increase the prosperity of their own
laud. Even Russia Is striving to Induce the discontented
population in the European part of the empire to migrate
to the fertile and pleasant lands of southern Siberia.
LATEST AND BIGGEST THING IN WARSHIPS.
"In recent years." said an ordnance
officer to a New York Times reporter,
"everything on a wnr vessel gives way
t(j target practice. Tho one thing n
commander is more interested In than
.rttrMili... la tltiit Mil
till,, iiiiu viou la . "- ...... .....
....... .....l.n .. . . I . .. tlir
JUt-ll Vl" II1HKW 111 U1B Ilium:. imi
, , there was a tlhie when the 'man behind
' the guu wag not recognized as the
most important element In the cfllcliwy
' of a fighting ship.
"To Illustrate: I wag Junior officer
on the old Essex many yearg ago. In
those "days we had target practice once
ii quarter. We were forced by regula
tions to expend so many rounds of am
munition every three months, and
well, that was about all there was to
It. It was a perfunctory kind of pro
tlcc, and every one was glad when it
"One day we went out for the quar
terly practice, anchored the target, ond
went nt It Tho targets we used In
those days were throe planks fastened
In a triangle, a spnr Ktepied In tho
center to hold tho canvas which formed
the target proper. ,
"Now tho gun captain of the forward
pivot rifle was an excellent marksman,
and on his first trial he sent a shell
through tho spar, which smashed it
Into flinders. That, of course, stopped
the practice, and out went a boat to
tow' tho wrecked target alongside for
"When It hud been patched up, it
wns towed back to Its place and firing
"Again the same gunner had the first
shot, and again his shell brought down
both tho spar and the canvas;
"Tho bout wag again scut out, but
when tho repaired target was being
towed back to the range, the captain,
who was much out of humor by the de
lay, spoke his mind.
'"Tell Gunner Blank, ho eonnnaml
ed, 'that If he hits that target again
I will put him In the brig!'"
How to Make Hop Poultice.
Hop poultices have always been used
With splendid effect for all sorts of
pain. An old fashioned one Is made as
follows; Put a handful of dried hops
Into one cup of water and let it boll
until the water Is reduced to half a
cup, then str In sutllclent Indian meal
to thicken. Apply very hot
As to Noma,
, -wnien is dcsi ror a sick man, a
beautiful or an ugly trained nurse?"
"Doesn't make much difference j if
she la ugly bo will hurry to get well
so as to get out from uuder her care,
and If she U beautiful be will make
a quick recovery In order to marry
Too bear people say sometimes they
do not car much for compliments.
Nothing In It: All of us lots a com-
rpwir si r::im
mtrrisu warship uellekui-uon. biuueu than the dkead-
The latest and biggest thing in the way of seagoing fortresses Is the
warship Bellerophon, of the British navy, which was christened by Princess
Henry of Bnttenberg, King Edward's youngest sister. Though of the class
of the Dreadnnught, the Bellerophon is of 18,000 tons, "00 more than the
earlier ship. A third battleship of this giant class, the Temeralre, was re
ALBINO BROWN TROUT.
Extraordtnarr Lot of Little Fellow
Now In Gotham Aquarlnm.
Extraordinary among fish freaks Is
a lot of 133 albino brown trout now at
tho aquarium, says the New York Sun.
These queer little fishes were hatched
out In the aquarium's hatchery In
February. Originally there were 150
of them, of which fifteen died In the
first two months. In the last four
months only two have been lost, one
of these by Jumping out of the tank
to fall on the floor. Something of the
success that has thus far attended the
rearing of the fishes hatehed from
them must he attributed to the facili
ties which this model hatchery af
fords for looking after both eggs and
fishes; for hero with comparatively
small lots of eggs. It Is posslhlo to
give them almost Individual care and
to Insure that all the little fishes shall
be properly fed.
Another extraordinary thing about
these little albino brown trout Is their
number as compared with the total
number of the hatch of eggs from
which they were hatched. Albtuo fish
es are not very common among such
varieties as brook trout and lake trout
and among brown trout they are very
rare, but these 150 albino brown trout
were hatched out of a lot of 5,000
eggs; a very remarkable proportion of
The little alblnoa are here to be seen
all In one tank, while near them Is an
other tank of brown trout of their
natural color hatched from the same
lot of eggs. Seen thus the little al
binos with their almost colorless bod
ies but with dark set eyes become all
the more striking.
Ths albinos are now growing faster
than their little brown brothers, but
what will happen to them later nobody
can toll, for albino fishes are not so
long-lived aa fishes of their natural
colort they are mora delicate and' as a
rule they die young. If aa albino treat
E. C. Dameron, of Pike County, Mo.,
Is credited by an exchange with the
following suggestions on' growing al
"After several years' experimenta
tion, with both success and failure, I
unhesitatingly advise , fall seeding.
While I know of no plant that excels
alfalfa In vigor of. growth after it Is
once established, It is extremely timid
about its association-with other plants
In its early life. Weeds and foxtail
are Its worst foes, and how. to avoid
them or to reduce them to the mini
mum Is the problem before the alfalfa
grower. It Is with this in view that I
advise the fall seeding. To my mind
the piece selected for seeding down
next fall should be upland naturally
well drained and fertile. If the piece
selected Is land In .wheat I should top
dress It during winter with all the
stable manure. I could possibly get on
It not In great hunks, but well distrib
uted. After the wheat comes off, in
June I should disk It twice, once each
way. After the first shower the weeds
will begin to appear, then disk again.
Keep this up until Sept. 1. Don't plow
under any circumstances, but kill all
the weed growth by surface cultiva
tion. All this sounds like 'work, and
it Is work, but the best remunerated
work a fanner ever did. About Sept 1,
If there be moisture enough for ger
mination, sow twenty pounds of seed
per acre. Use a wheelbarrow seeder
and sow ten pounds each way. This
covers 'skips' and gives a better dis
tribution of the seeds. Then slant
your harrow teeth and cover by going
over the field at least twice."
should Burvlve after5 six months and
should grow to maturity It could not
be expected to live more thnn half the
life of a fish of natural color.
The aquarium has now four albino
lake trout surviving out of a lot of
eleven albinos of this species received
a year ago from the State fish hatcB
ery at Sarannc Lake. The largest of
these four albino lake trout, which
are how between 3 and 4 years old,
is now about ten inches In length.
They are all striking albino- speci
mens. Ilonaewlfelr I nail net.
A ninwacnusetts man tells a story
Illustrating tho ruling spirit of a Yan
imiv one nigm ner nusband was
awakened by mysterious sounds on the
lower floor of their house. Jumping
out of bed, the husband took his revol
ver from a drawer and crept noiseless
ly to the head of the stairs. Presently
me wire herself was awakened br
loud reiwrt, followed by a mad scur
rying of feet Much agitated, she In
turn sprang from bed and went to the
door, where she met her husband re
turning from the scene of the disturb
ance, and wearing a very disappointed
"Hlchard," she asked, "was It waa
"Yei, It was a burglar."
"Did he did he
"Yes, he got away."
"Oh, I don't care about thai," was
me wires rejoinner. -What I want
to know Is, did he wipe his feet before
he started upstairs?" New Xork
-rney accuse us or being purse-.
proua r sam air, cunirox.
"How very unjust" replied his wife.
"Anybody knows that the amount
which could be put Into a purse, or
even into a suitcase, would cut no fig
ure with us whatever." Washington
Care of Animal'.
As man has adapted different ani
mals to different uses it does not infer
that they are not subject to natural
laws. On the contrary, the subjection
is more complete than before, and, as
man has been the foster agent In
changing the charaterlstlcs of most do
mestic animals, so must the band of
man be ever Teady to render that as
sistance so essential to their well
being. The pasture, shelter and care
must be suitable .for the accomplish
ment of the purpose desired,' and no
neglect can be allowed. Not only must
the utmost care be taken In selecting
the animals, that suit the' farm best,
but the farm Itself must also conform
to the animals. One should not attempt
to Improve unless prepared for It, as
failure will be the result, but the prep
aration is easily made. Better stock
means better farming, larger cropg and
greener pastures. With each year the
crops become better, because the system
forces them to be so. But those farm
ers who do not possess fav.-1'.ltles for
certain breeds of animals need not be
discouraged, as 'all can have a privil
ege with some kinds that do not come
up to the requirements needed. Im
provement should be the object with
every farmer, for even should the farm
er lag behind, tho time will arrive
when he will be compelled te camp on
the same ground that others long be
fore occupied, but who have left It for
something better. Keep pace with the
time, and keep the flock to the best,
by breeding with thoroughbreds and
alwaj-8 culling from the bottom.
Corn and Sot Beana.
I have raised corn and soy beans
together with good results, but my ex
perience on the whole is to advise
farmers not to grow them together. It
made the corn exceedingly hard to cut
as the mass of vegetation was so heavy
that the corn and beans tumbled in
every direction from the heavy winds.
I believe It Is better, on rich land, to
grow each of the crops separately, says
an Ohio farmer. When the land Is not
so rich and It Is not desired to cut and
nhnclr thfl nnrn hpnni can hn crmwn i
- , j '
to advantage to turn hogs or cattle on
after the corn Is gathered. The most
satisfactory soy bean that I have tried
is the early yellow variety known as
Simple Operation Takes Away Folda
and Basra Under the Ere.
'Folds and wrinkles about the eyes
may be easily removed," says a writer
in the Medical Brief. "Results have In
variably been good In my hands, and I
see no reason to fear untoward conse
quences from the operations I practice.
"Preparations for ' these operations
are simple. Any physician may equip
bis office so that be can do the work
satisfactorily and the technic calls for
only ordinary surgical dexterity.
"vA hypodermic syringe, a keen scal
pel, small, sharp scissors; fine cambric
needles and fine sterile silk represent
the Instruments absolutely necessary
for the operation.
"Cleanliness Is essential to prompt
and satisfactory healing. The face of,
the patient and the bands of the oper
ator should be scrubbed. Antiseptics
may be used, though they are not essen
tial. "These operations are painlessly per
formed after the tissues have beep In
filtrated with a weak cocaine solution.
A great deal of nonsense has been wrlt-
Hollybrook ; they are some three weeks jten about sterile water. I do not deny
that sterile water will produce an ab
solute Insensibility to pain.
"We bave all known this for a good
many years, but the Injection of sterile
BUCKEYE . BED.
For Loading; Parm Wacom.
Use a handy short stepladder with
bent irons securely screwed to the end
of the ladder, and that fit to the wagon
earlier than the mammoth yellow, grow
a fine quality of vine and an excellent
yield of seed. It grows off more
promptly than the mammoth and gets
out of the way of weeds and grass
sooner, and for the same reason It Is
not so much In the way In cultivating
a corn crop, if It la desired to plant
them In A cornfield. And one decided
advantage they have over the mam
moth, they do not shell so badly after
One of tbe Ifew Breeda of Fowl.
Thinking to Improve the Barrel
Rocks, we crossed them with Buff
Cochins, then used what we supposed
were pure Black
Games, with them.
As part of these
games had yellow
legs and? pea
combs, we now feel
sure that they Tiad
been mixed with
the Cornish Indian
Game before we
got them, and here
. where we got tbe pea comb. This
mlxup produced a bird or two red as
foxes, with yellow legs, and I con
ceived the Idea of raising a whole
flock like them.
As layers the Buckeye Reds are sim
ply peerless. Heat or cold has no ter
rors for them, as their small combs
do not suffer from frost They have
a long body from tbe wishbone back
upon which to carry plenty of meat
They are not coarse or bony, yet males
weigh from nine to ten pounds and
females from five to seven.
They have the rich yellow skin and
legs so dear to the American epicure,
and the skin Is not thick and tough as
in some yellow-skinned fowls. They
are vigorous from the shell, alert and
gamy, thaugh not Inclined to fight
among themselves, stfys Mrs. F. Met
calf of Ohio in American Agriculturist
in which a Buckeye Red of ideal shape
is Illustrated. The surface color of
the male Is a dark rich velvety red.
approaching cardinal or garnet, never
buff or bricky, head, neck, hackle, back,
saddle and wlngbows richly glossed
with metallic luster, under color a
Food Valne of the Peanut.
Prof. N. E. Jaffa, the nutrition ex
pert of the State University at Berke
ley, Cal., has Issued a bulletin saying
10 cents' worth of peanuts contain more
protein than a meal of roast beef, and
six times the amount of energy In
volved In a big fat porterhouse steak.
Prof. Jaffa punctures the old Idea
that salt eaten with nuts makes them
more easily digested, says a Berkeley
dispatch to the New York World. He
also explains why nuts seem to upset
the digestive organs.
With the exception, perhaps, of
dried beans and cheese no food ma
terial has such a reputation for lndl-
gestlblllty," he says. "Discomfort
from nuts Is largely due to Insufficient
mastication, and from eating them
when not needed, as after a hearty
meal or late at night"
lO LOAU VtAUOfiS.
end board. By using a ladder of this
kind the loading Is made much easier,
and very often farm produce can be
handled with far less danger of bruis
ing. Very bandy for many other kinds
of work. .
Place for Lantera.
' A place should be provided In every
farm building where lanterns are used
or likely to be used. Stretch a wire
along behind tbe cows and borses with
sliding wire books on to - which tbe
lantern can be booked and moved as
wanted. A hook of cheap, smooth
fence wire can be fixed np without ex
pense almost anywhere, and It Is much
safer than a nail, aa It will generally
allow tbe lantern to bang straight
Be careful that no hay, straw or other
Inflammable material la near lantern
books or other holders. Don't set
If broody hens are properly treated
nine out of ten will begin to lay again
within two weeks after being removed
from the nest But If they are half-
drowned, starved a week, or bruised
and abused. It Is more than likely they
will get even with their owners by de
dining to lay a single egg until they
have fully recovered from their 111
treatment and acquired their custom
Care of the PlaT Pen.
The bog Is not able to endure se
verely cold weather, yet It Is kept In
the most uncomfortable situation -of
any other animal. The pig pen should
be well littered and dry, and tbe she!
ter should contain no cracks or openings
for droughts of air.
water under ordinary circumstances Is '
not a painless procedure. As a rule
the Injection of sterile water produces
considerable discomfort To obviate
this a trace of cocaine Is added to the
sterile water, and then the Injection
is painless after the needle has been
coaxed Into the skin.
"Wrinkles, folds and bags beneath
the eyes are eradicated by the rempTal;
of a crescent of akin beneath the eye.
The convexity of the crescent should
be downward, and the concavity of
the crescent should He close to the'
lashes along tbe lower ltd. The width!
of the crescent varies according to the
depth of the wrinkles or the size of
folds or bags.
"The first Incision should be made
with a sharp scalpel along the lid. The
skin Should be divided entirely, andi
loosening somewhat It should then be.
drawn upward, the operator observing
carefully Just how much must be re-.
moved to overcome entirely the condl-i
tlon demanding the operation ; then
with the scissors the skin is cut away,
so that the crescent is made complete.
Just sufficient skin is left along the,
margin of the lid to permit the stitches
being passed in closing. The line of
union Is brought In this way under the
shadow of the lashes and Is entirely In
COYOTE'S HOME LIFE.
Often Rave Several Dena Father
Devotion, to the Yonnar
The favorite denning place of the
coyote pair Is dug by themselves In
some sunny bank; -but they may use
an abandoned badger hole, says Ernest
Thompson Seton in Success. . The en
trance Is about 10 by 20 Inches and Is
commonly concealed In the bushes. The '
actual nest Is sometimes lined with a
little grass and fur, and sometimes
quite bare. Mr. Barton sends the plan
of one which he examined.
Apparently It had been dug by the!
present owners, and was much the same
as the dozen or so others be bad In
vestigated. The air bole, located after
clpse search, was, as usual, an old.
gopher hole, enlarged from below and
directly over the nest; he supposes iti
is made to admit fresh air to the
cubs. ' .
I have not seen this ventilator, but
may have overlooked It as I had not
heard of such a contrivance when last-
I examined a coyote s den. It is wein
known that a family will have several
dens, some of which are, as Mr. Bar-1
ton says, "sleeping places for use dur
ing tbe heat of the day, which Is ona
reason why so many attempts to dig
out coyotes' dens often fall of results."
Usually the young are born during;
the first half of April ; April 0 in the
New York Zoological Park and April
20 at Washington Zoo represent the ex
treme dates on band. They numben
from three to ten, but are usually from
five to seven. They ate blind ana
helpless, but covered with close, dark
It Is generally believed that tbe fath
er Is not permitted to enter tbe home)
for some days after their birth, but C
bave hot been able to confirm this be
lief, nowever, he is never far away,
and his devotion Is vouched for by all
who know him.
Dr. W. T. Hornadoy Informs me that
the father of the brood. born April 9
took a keen Interest In the young, and,
became very officious, even vicious, In,
their defense. Their eyes opened on,
the eighth and ninth days variously.
When about three weeks old the moth
er would carry them out Into the sun.
or about the yard and back again. At
five weeks they were old enough to,
walk alone. They were not fed by re-i
gurgitation at any time, so far aa
. Ponltrr Note.
For rapid growth feed the chickens
Lice brood, breed and hide under
the roosts. .
.Gravel should always be supplied to
fowls that are fattened In confinement
Of two things, the breed and feed
ing, tbe latter la the more Important
Dry salt la as good as any material
that can be used tor preserving eggs.
. Ducks may be picked when four
months old and every tlx weeks after
Select tbe stock of pallets yon In
tend to keep as soon as they are w&
"So you want more salary r aald the,
"Yes, air," answered tbe employe In
a determined voice.
"Bat all yon have to do Is to deliver
a five-minute lecture on the various
"That's true. But took at ths risk)
I run of being called down any mlnnta,
aa a nature faker." Washington Star.,
KatareJ Prejadlea, ' -
Gertie Why do you object to tbe
word "obey" In the marriage cere-.
Clara I was reared In the country!
and have acquired a prejudice against
male orders. Kansas city Times.