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About The news=record. (Enterprise, Wallowa County, Or.) 1907-1910 | View Entire Issue (Sept. 28, 1907)
CURE FOB ANXIETY.
By Rev. Edward Judson.
mat ye muy study to be quiet. I
Anxiety Involves extreme pain. It
-comes from the snme root as aninilah
The pnln, however, Is not physical, hut
mental, and for that reason all the
Harder to bear.
How prevalent In society Is this form
Of mental pain. How Infrequent is
a tranquil face. Anxiety seenir to be
kind of hysteria to which Americans
tre susceptible. In suicide, at least, we
seem to be In a fair way of outstripping
the rest of the world. Some Hindus
that Prof. James was showing about
Cambridge remarked uimhi the strained
faces of Americans and their distorted
aimbs, In contrast to OiientuI placidity
and grace, ne said that It was the
custom of Hindus to retire at certain
times every day to' relax their muscles
anil meditate on eternal things.
Has Christianity a cure for anxletv?
The Christian Is tranquil as regards
provision Mr the future. He provides
for the future, but without anxiety.
Over and over Christ bids His disciples :
He not anxious. This does not mean
that we are not to work hard and lay
up against a rainy day.
The Scriptures teach that righteous
ness is the parent of comfort. "Seek
first the kingdom of God, , and Ills
righteousness; and all these things
hall be added unto you." The unl
Terse Is on the side of the man who
locs right. Exceptions to this are only
apparent. The life of the Individual
Is too short for the principle to work
Itself out completely, so that It stands
out more dearly In the history of a
family or of a nation.
It Is not only provision for the future
that Is apt to make us anxious. We
worry over our past. Now, the Chris
tian revelation provides a drug for
these painful memories. We learn, like
St. Paul, to forget the things which are
behind. We cannot change the past,
but we believe that all our sins are for
given. Our very sins then become step-)lng-stones.
They prevent resumption.
They fill us with sympathy for the err
ing. We love God, because He first
Our work, too, often makes us anx
ious. We thirst for recognition or else
we grlevo over the meager and Ineon
aplcnnus results of all our efforts. But
the value of our work Is determined not
y the bulk of the result achieved, but
y the spirit In which the work Is done.
It Is only as we go deep Into the work
Itself, without thought of the conse
quences, thnt we vitally affect the lives
of others. Besides the chief value of
our work Is that It promotes ample
-and symmetrical self-development. God
thinks more of n man than of his work.
The work may bo wood, hay or stubble.
In tho end) burned up, but the man to
We are enqvloyed by our Great Mas
ter to work by the day, not by the
)lece. Every day should have Its ritual
and It Is more Important to live by rule
than to accomplish some great rvult.
This la the secret of "Toll unsevered
Tho supreme crises of life are an
even more fruitful source of forebod
ing than our past or provision for the
future. This mind is Infested with the
thoughts of bereavement and with pov
erty, sickness and death and old age.
Here, again, the Christian's eye Is
calmed by faith In the love of God.
rrovldonee Is only another name for
the love of God which anticipates there
crises, so that wheu we arrive at them
we see the traces of the Father's hand
that has arranged them for us before
hand, cither lightening the burden or
strengthening our shoulders to bear It.
Some of these things we may never
have to experience at all, and why
hould we allow ourselves to suffer
them In ImnglimtlouT We have no
right to occupy the mind with unpleas
ant things. The Imagination has power
to mass untoward events so as to pro
duee tho effect of tholr occurring simul
taneously. Heal evils como to us one by
one and grace U promised for each
BRIDGE OF GOD'S tOVE.
By Rev. Frederick lynch.
And there was no more sea. Rev
We can hardly appreciate what the
e was to the ancients. It stood for
paratlon, almost Impossible barriers,
long, Interminable stretohes of fearful
waters. Ulysses' return from the Tro
jan wars to Ithaca Is a llfo journey of
cruel buffeting of winds and seas. It
Is a two days' trip now, and the ocean
to us Is a symbol of nearness rather
than dtstauce. It brings the nations
together Instead of separating them.
But John, when he wrote these words
on his lonely Island, Fauuoa, where he
no c.uwu, iliiiiks ui it as nn impass
able barrier between himself and all
whom he loves. . It separates him from
So when In his vision he sees the
beautiful city of God which Is some
time to be built in the hearts of men,
when God shall make his home among
men and dwell with them, and there
shall be no more pain and sorrow, only
gladness and Joy nil things made new
he needs must add these words to the
"And there was no more sea."
That Is, there was no separation.
One thing Christianity has done. It
has broken down distances. It has re
moved barriers. It has brought things
together that belong to each other. It
has swept away the vast, Impassable
stretches In the world of the spirit.
Thus, first of all, when John said
"There Is no more sea," he meant there
would be no separation between God
and man. The gods of the old day
were far off man had to go long Jour
neys to find God. He dwelt on nioun
tain heights. Christianity has made
Him a near God. He Is the ever pres
ent spirit, Inhabiting Ills world. He Is
nearer to man than nearest friend.
There Is no great space for man to trav
erse to find Him. Nothing separates
Him from man but man's own sea
He Is the dear Father of us all, and
we take His hand as the little child
takes his mother's hand.
This Is the teaching of Jesus. It Is
the meaning of His life. To those who
walked with Him In Galilee God was
by their side. Never again could they
worship a far-off God.
This was also the meaning of Cal
vary. In the death of Christ men saw
God and man meeting In the one' great
sacrifice of love. In Christ the divine
and human meet and evermore are one.
This vital sense of the nearness of
God Is the only thing that can keep re
ligion alive to-day. This is what we
mean by faith. This Is the fulfillment
of the vision John saw God with us
no separation no more sea.
Again John saw In bis rislon the es
trangement of the people, and he says :
"In that day, when the kingdom comes,
there will be no more soa." That Is,
there will be no separation of races and
of nations. All these foolish and un
Christian race prejudices and Interna
tional hatreds and caste distinctions
will be swept away.
As a matter of fact, speaking liter
ally, how true It Is that there Is no
more sea between Europe and America,
Our great ships have made the sea as
nothing and the nations mingle. Al
ready much of the old separation is
breaking down and we are realizing
that man to man the world over is
But some day there shall be no sep
aration whatever, but we shall see that
all men suffer the same defeats and
losses and are striving after the same
common happiness and good. Then the
brotherhood of man will have come and
there" will be no more sea."
Finally, John was thinking of how
the sea separated him from those he
loved, so when he throws the picture
over Into that other world, which we
call heaven, he says, "There will be
no more sea there." Here life Is full of
losses. Love's golden cord are broken.
Dear ones are taken from us and seem-
ngly a great ocean of space Is between
us and them. But there the golden
cords shall bo again united. Love can
never lose its own. And there shall be
no more partings. There shall be no
separation there. This Is the Immortal
hope of our Christian faith and noth
ing can take It from us. No partings
yonder, no separations, "no more sea."
Short Meter Sermons.
Nursing sorrow Is raising sin.
You cannot fatten folks on phrases.
There are no friendships without
The poverty of life Is due to the
things we miss.
The lore of truth goes before like
ness to truth.
Ornamental piety usually adorns an
Every life may be known by the
way It leads.
God Is not In the closet If He Is not
on the street.
The beautiful life wastes no time
looking for a mirror.
When faith gets to dreaming there
soon Is something doing.
A good deal of piety Is only a game
of trying to dodge the Almighty.
If you have faith you will see some
thing glorious In every face.
The poorest way to make an Impres
sion Is to give up to depression.
You may know the greatness of any
man by the way he treats a child.
You cannot keep life sweet itnd
wholesome by taking all your salt on
Some think they are full of faith be
cause they turn their backs on the
facts. . .
Some . think they are wonderfully
brave because they screw up enough
courage to give poor old Jonah a lam
hESTOCKING THE KANUfcS.
Serious Problem as Viewed by State
Veterinarian of Washington.
During the past few weeks Dr. S. B.
Nelson, state veUrinarian of Washing
ion nas spent considerable time in
Walla Walla, Columbia, Garfield and
Asotin counties, examining many
bands of sheep that are kept in these
counties, as to (heir general health,
with particular refeience to "scab."
Recently, in discussing things of in
terest he had observed in going from
one sheep camp to another, Dr. Nelson
came to the problem of "restocking
the ranges," which is now so absoib
ing to stockmen.
"One of the serious problems now
confronting the stockmen of this state
is the question of restocking the ranges
with the original bunch grass," he
Bald. "Old settlers tell us that when
they came here forty years ago, the
bunch grass whs from two to three feet
tall, and very heavy. The promiscu
ous grazing of the stock over the ranges
has put them in their present bare, tr
seml-baie, condition The reclaiming
of these vast tracts of grazing land is a
problem to which the agricultural de
partments of various institutions have
given a great deal of attention.
"Some seven or eight years ago I
rode over these same ranges and found
the bumh grass practically all gone in
many places. This condition could
be observed for miles and miles as the
ranges were ridden over. Recently I
was very much astonished is passing
through these same regions to find that
thousands of acres had been fenced.
wmie equally large tracts were not
fenced, but were held as summer range
by sheepmen who practically controlled
them. I observed that these ranees.
baie several years ago, were, at the
time of my visit, covered with a luxur
iant growth-of bunch grass, standing
from eighteen to thirty inches high. In
places the grass was so heavy that it
could not be mowed for hay. I was
also much surprised to see that, in
places that had been protected for a
less number of years, the heavy bHr.ch.es
of grass were scattered, and between
the big bunches, bunches from two to
three years old were well started. It
was very easy to pick out a bunch of
two-year-old grass from among a num
ber of the older bunches. In looking
into cneig queetion I discovered how it
was that these ranges had been re
stocked. "The sheep are kept on these winter
ranges from the time they come out of
the mountains in the fall, during Sep
tember and early October, until after
lambing, and a short time the follow
ing spring. Early in the spring the
sheep eat the young, tender bunch
grass, but the sheep are well scattered
(a good herder nearly always keeps bis
sheep scattered) the bunoh grass as it
gets older becomes tougher, and the
sheep do not like it go well. By the
latter part of April and early in May,
the eheep prefer the many weeds, espe
cially eunflowera,' never touching bunch
grass at all. Many, many times dur
ing my trips through these counties, I
saw bands of from fifteen to twenty
five hundred sheep grazing in bunch
grass from one foot to eighteen ' inches
high and never touching it. They were
picking out the little weeds in between
the bunches of grass, and wherever
there were areas of eunflowera, they
would eat the flowers perfectly clean
wherever they went.
"From the first to the fifteenth of
June the eheep are taken into the
mountains and kept until the latter
part of September. Now when the
sheep are brought back in September,
the bunch grass has seeded, the seed
being scattered over the ground. The
fall rains seem to soften the bunch
grass, making it tender so that the
sheep eat it greedily. In this way, by
eating the early shoots before the grass
goes to seed, and then eating this ma
ture, semi-cured grass after it has gone
to seed,, the seed is saved on the ground
and resown, and the stand of bunch
grass la continually increased.
"Ihls has demonstrated to me very
strongly, that if men owning large
areas of grazing land expect to keep
their ranges up to the present stand
ard, or even increase the stand of
bunch grass, that they must of neces
sity protect the bunch grass at least
every other year, during its seeding
time; that is, from the time the seed
begins to form until the mature seeds
rre shattered on the ground. I am
convinced that the problem of restock
ing the ranges may to a very large ex
tent be solved by fencing the grazing
lands, and, at intervals, resting them."
WRITES OF OREGON.
Sidelights on Beaver Stat by Pro
fessor of Cornell.
In his recent book on "How to
Choose a Farm, With a Discussion of
American Lands," Professor Ihomas F.
Hunt, ol Cornell university, devotee
several complimentary paragraphs to
farming conditions of the Pacifio North
west and to the resonerce of Oregon in
particular. Frofeesor Hunt accompa
nies his descriptions with tables of sta
tistics which throw several Interesting
sidelights on the conditions existing in
the Beaver State.
"This region is characterized by its
immense forest resources, its fishing
Industries, and the high production of
wheat by dry farming In the eastern
part of Washington and along the Co
lumbia rivor in Oregon," writes rto.
feeeor Hunt of Oregon, Washington
and Idaho. "One-third of the area Is
covered by forests of immense commer
cial value, while at least one-fifth mora
Is covered by trees of less importance
In Westerp Oregon and Washington
are to be found millions of acres of the
densest forests, with coniferous trees of
great height, and large diameters, of
whick-the Douglas fir and the red cedar
are perhaps the most Important. It
is not uncommon for five acres of land
to cut a million feet of lumber.
"Wheat and hay constitute about
one-third the value of all crops. While
general farming is somewhat more de
veloped than in the Rocky Mountain
states, Hie. grazing of livestock Is still
one of the principal industries. Cer
tain areas in Oregon, Washington and
California furnish Ideal conditions of
Boil and climate for the production of
hops. These three Btates produce two
thirds of the product of the United
The Cascade mountains divide this
region, climatically and agriculturally,
into two parts. Between the Cascade
mountains and the Coast range are fer
tile, well-watered valleys, already
thickly populated. Upon the western
cos fit, owing to the Japan current, the
temperature is the most equable in
-North America. The climate is more
like England than that of any other
part of the United States.
The soils are mostly of a volcanlo
origin and are unusually fertile and en
during. The prairies consist of an ex
panse of rolling hills. .The layout of
the farms and general aspect of the
improvements are similar to those in
the newer portions of the North Cen
tral states. The people are mostly
native-born Americans from the older
settled states. There is a general air
of hopefulness and prosperity among
"There are still 30,000,000 acres of
unappropriated and unreserved publio
lands ready for entry In this region.
While some of this Is forest land and
eome is arid, this regjpn probably con
tains the best large body of public yet
open for settlement in the United
Oregon, Washington and Idaho are
credited with about 90,000 farms. The
area in farms is about 25,000,000
acres, the improved area being about
9,000,000 acres for the three states.
The average size of the farms is a trifle
over 250 acres, and the average size of
improved farms is nearly 100 acres.
The state of Oregon alone has about
11,000,000 acres of land In farms and
ranches, which is estimated to be worth
about 113 per acre.
EXPERIMENTS WITH HYBRIDS,
Pullman Station Develops New Vari
eties of Wheat.
The Washington State college exper
iment station at Pullman has brought
a line of experiments with Little Club
and White Track wheat to a point
where definite statements concerning
results can be given. These hybridiza
tion experiments were begun In 1899
by Professor E. E. Elliott. One long
headed variety which is now growing
in the eighth generation produces more
straw than any ether hybrid heretofore
grown on the station farm. Because of
this and that it will withstand cold
nearly as well as Jones Fife, the sta
tion staff believes it will be well adapt
ed to the dry section included in the
greater portion of the Big Bend country.
A length of six inches and 100 grains
to the head 1b not unusual in this
Another hybrid is remarkable for the
stiffness of the straw. On the farm a
plot of Red Russian and Arcadian were
cut to the ground by squirrels, while
the hybrid variety was left uninjured.
The stem grows too short to be suitable
for dry land, but it is the most stable
variety yet produced and in several in
stances produced 60 bushels per acre.
A long stem hybrid has the pecull
arity of growing with surprising uni
formity of height, and the staff aay this
wheat should be well adapted to thresh
ing with a combined harvester. The
evenness In length, and the fact that
It shatters but little, makes it one of
the most desirable hybrids brought out
on the college farm.
EXCELLENT COAL PROSPECTS.
Much Interest Aroused In
The recent work in developing the
various coal prospects found in the vU
cinlty of Ashland, Oregon, has met
with so much success and has attracted
such widespread attention that It prom
ises to insure sufficient perseverance in
work along this line to determine the
real extent of the coal deposits which,
beyond doubt, exist in this section.
There is no question about the coal be
ing found and the quality of it; but
there are skeptics a to the extent of
the deposit. The scarcity and high
price of wood for fuel baa prompted and
encouraged the coal prospecting to a
large extent, and the opening np of
coal beds of ample extent would be a
welcome solution of the fuel problem,
which is a serious one and promises to
be more serious before anothar winter
1 over. The inability to secure wood
cboppera during the past year or two
haa greatly curtailed the wood output
and haa resulted in soaring prices.
j.d nriiua aoioier la now te
tare shirts Instead of twe.
SEA RAILWAY A MIRACLE.
Croaaea 160 Mile of Ocean, and Will
The railroad which Henry M. Flag
ler and his millionaire associates In
the Standard Oil Company are build
ing over the Atlantic ocean from the
mainland to Key West, Flo., has made
such progress that It Is announced that
the line will be completed by the sum
mer of 1000.
This railway ls the world's most ex
traordlnary engineering project to-dny,
and englneers-ot least say that when
completed It will be a wonder of the
world. The railway will be 100 miles
long. All the way from mainland to
Key West are small Islands or keys,
as they are called, some an acre or less
In extent The builders of the road
are connecting these keys with Immense
viaaucts, supported by huge abutments
of solid concrete. At one point, two
keys are three miles apart, but the en
gineers did not hesitate. Thev found
the ocean only forty feet deep, and they
proceeded at ouce to construct a great
connecting brldcre. Cofferdn
sunk and the 4ed of the ocean was
dredged out In olaces to sollil rrwt
Then the soli concrete foundations were
laid. The engineers are confident that
the worst ocean storms will not disturb
The railroad will be the most expen
sive In the world. It Is costing $200,
000 a mile to build, which means a
total expenditure, exclusive of termin
als, of $32,000,000.
Why Hair Tnrna Gray.
Although usually regarded as a sign
of age, gray hair, or canities, as It Is
called In the language of medicine, Is
not always so. It may appear early
in life, even In the teens. In that case
It usually affects young women rather
than young men.
A peculiarity about the gray hair of
the young Is that It Is almost always
entirely white, and becomes so sudden
ly. All the hairs are equally affected,
and one seldom sees the mixed color,
or Iron gray, so common In those of
middle or advanced age.
Sometimes In the young, even In chil
dren, there Is one gray lock like an Is
land In the sea of normally colored hair
about It This Is usually a family pe
culiarity, occurring In one generation
after the other.
The cause of hair turning gray Is
something that puzzles the doctors.
The color of the hair is due to the
deposit of pigment In the Interior of
each hair, and graynesg follows the loss
of this pigment That Is self-evident,
but the puzzle Is what causes the pig
ment to disappear. Some have believed
that It Is due to the drying of the hair,
which causes a shrinkage of its .fibers,
and so allows the entrance of air bub
bles, the refraction of light from which
then gives the white appearance.
The proof which Is adduced In sup
port of this belief Is that if a gray hair
Is put Into the receiver of p air pump
and the air Is then exhausted the color
of the hair may return more or less
Metchnlkoff, the famous bacteriolog
ist, says the cause of grayness is the
penetration Into the hair of wandering
cells, resembling the white blood cor
puscles. These cells, assisted by other
cells, the aggregation of which makes
the hair, seize upon the granules of
pigment and destroy them.
Nearly everyone has read of in
stances of the sudden bleaching of the
balr even In a single night under the
Influence of fear, grief or some other
intense mental emotion. That such
cases have occurred Is undoubted, but
the explanation by either of the
theories above mentioned Is difficult
There Is no cure for gray hair so far
as Is known. The use of curling Irona
Is sld to retard Its formation ; perhaps,
If Metchnlkoff Is right, by destroying
the activity of the cells which consume
the pigment Youth's Companion.
Had a Feeling- of Cariosity.
"I was asked to find out when "you
would pay this little account," aald the
"Really," answered the 'debtor, "I
am unable to enlighten you. However,
there Is a soothsayer In the next block
who throws a fit and reveals the future
at 50 cents a throw."
"I've no money to waste," growled
"Just add the 60 cents to my ac
count," continued the other, "for I have
a curiosity on the point myself."
Waat Hakaa Lambakla Coatlr.
The favoring of kid gloves by fash
ion has resulted In advancing the prices
of kid and lamb. skins 00 per cent.