Image provided by: University of Oregon Libraries; Eugene, OR
About Wallowa County chieftain. (Enterprise, Or.) 1909-1911 | View This Issue
Wallowa County Chieftain
PaMMhea (w Thai-tor. ay llw
Venezuela h said to have had the
nlddt rate In the world, but tt may
Be different now.
Wales !s demanding several things
f the British government, but ahe is
pot demanding spelling reform.
"We do not feel for a moment the
pressure of a foreign army,- say fie
(Cubans. But they knew It was tLer.
Castro paid S10.OO to be operated
ton In Berlin. Being operated on In
Berlin la as costly as stopping at some
Oh. well. If being Vice President Is
ne form of oblivion. It Isn't half bad
to get $15, WO a year for being obliterated.
The man who makes the most noise
Is not always the greatest man In the
world. Think of the bollermaker, for
A prophet of fashion predicts that
Jn ten years women will cease to wear
hats. There Is something for men to
live for yet
f-wltierland certainly seems abort
the worst place to hold a balloon race.
The Alps not only pet in the way. but
are nwfuly hard spots to fall on.
It Is reported that the Czar of Rus
sia can't understand why the Sultan
of Turkey has jienuitted his people to
cling to their constitution so long.
A Boston paper refers to William
the Cononerct as an early filibuster.
It nilsrtit feel hurt If the Mayflower
wire o iled a little tub of the sevan
A New England gardener promises
nest se-.ison a cross of the orange with
the cu umtier. However, we pin our
faith to the farmer who crosses the
pike with a watermelon.
The man who started all this "affinity-
talk, and who dragged that
beautiful word Into the mire of slang.
Is In a sanitarium and his "affinity
Is getting a divorce. Next !
The Baltimore Sun wants to tnow:
"Can a man marry on six dollars a
week?" Sure, if he does it oo pay
Any. The license and the Justice of
the peace cost less than six dollars.
Pewter Is coming Into fashion again
for jewel boxes and other toilet arti
cle, as being "less effeminate than eil
ter or gold." It has the excellent
minJincation. also, of being less extensive.
A Chinese general has been dismissed
from the service because he has rheu
matism In one of his legs. It may be
role in the Chinese army that any
soldier who contracts rheumatism
hall have it In both legs.
Ore of the critics solemnly an
nounces that Edgar Allan Poe could
not bop to get any of the magazine
editor to accept his poems If he were
writing them now. Some j-eople will
refuse to accept this as proof that Pie
eouldn'i write great poetry.
Going barefoot seems to be growing
less popular In the West Indies than
It led to be. During the last
year the United Slates exported more
than two and a half million pairs of
noes to the islands, one-third as
many as the exports of the whole
The children of the late Charles E.
Perkins of Boston have given to the
city of Colorado Springs "The Garden
of the Gods," one of the scenic wonders
of America. The park has long been
open to the public, and the formal
transfer is In accordance with Sir. Per
kins' wish. This gift Is similar In
spirit to Mr. Kent's gift of Muir Park,
California, to the nation, and to a be
r.uest recently received by the city of
Boston of a large snm of money to
maintain the city parks.
The Judge in a most Important crim
inal trial In New Tork a case Involv
ing the life or death of two men per
mitted the Jury to separate and go to
their homes, unguarded, everr night
during the trial. He said be saw no
reason why a Juryman should be more
likely to be Improperly influenced than
a Judge. If bis point of view can be
established It may serve to raise the
standard of Intelligence of Juries, The
ablest men fight hard against a duty
which makes them close prisoners for
naturally prlr4 and try to obtain, tt ta
nn of the things that very, very rich
people find It particularly hard. If not
iui'vosstble, to command Id this land.
Affably, but pertinaciously, the reporter
says to them, "Tour places, ladies and
gentlemen, and children also, are not
In those nice seats where you can see
the passing show at ease, but np there.
please, on the stage, and near the foot
lights, where our large and apprecia'
tlve .American audiences can find their
pleasure in observing you. For you
wii: renieiuoer. please, that the audi
ence ha paid to come in. and that you.
Talr sirs and dames, draw exceedingly
llieral maintenance out of the fund
gathered in at the box office."
The movement against child laboi
Is not merely a movement to take chil
dren under a certain age out of mill
and factories, stores and street trade.
It is broader and more thoughtful It
Is a movement to reform the condi
tions of child life as well as of child
labor. It aims at Insuring healthy,
sound development of the mind as well
as of the body of the children. From
the larger viewpoint the speeches of
Commissioner Draper and Dr. Hutch
inson or a recent conference in Chi
cago, acquire a significance that ren
ders them appropriate and valuable
in a discussion of child labor. Dr.
Hutchinson did not intend to Indict
farm life wholesale or to deny the
physical and moral benefits of "t'.e
country." His object was to direct at
tention to the seamy side of country
and farm life, to substitute certain
prosaic facts for certain sentimental
fiction, to point out that In studving
chile1 needs and onnortuniti the
whole truth as to farm routine should
be taken Into consideration. Too
much generalization Is dangerous, for
many farms are better for children
than any factory, and some factories
than many farms: hut recognition of
evil without exaggeration is essentia!
to right thinking and right action. Dr.
Draper, one of the vigorous advocates
of educational readjustment, with the
view of bringing life and Industry Into
close relations with the schools, em
phasized the fact that to force the
children into educational mills is not
to solve the problem of their devel
opment. Schools, too., may be niate
ful and useless;" children may find
them dull and become truants and de
linquents where, under a more enlight-
ened system, they would gladly un- i
dergo the discipline and training that
fitted them for business, commerce or
manufacturing Industry. In short, to
restrict child labor In factories and
shops is necessary, but not sufficient.
The negative tasks of the friends of
childhood must be supplemented by
positive ones, by educational reform,
by rational organization of play, by
provision for moral culture and Indus
trial training, by attention to hygiene
In the home as well as In the school.
By a gradual and natural process the
campaign against certain forms of
child labor has become a campaign for
child saving and for harmonious de
velopment of child mind and child
Opinions of Great Papers on Important Subjects.
THE VALUE OP THE CHEAT I.ATTES,
AST year the passenger traffic on the Great
Lakes totaled 10.10.000 persons. The
freight rate by water from Duluth to Buf
falo is one-seventh of the rate by rail.
Statisticians estimate that if the total lake
. traffic had used the railroads It would have
cost S500.000.0CO more than it did. These
figures but roughly Indicate the tremendous value of In
land waterways and faintly foreshadow the possible de
velopment of our lakes and rivers.
Every twelve minutes, night and day, during IOCS, a
steamer passed through the Detroit river, and the
busiest month showed an average of forty a day arriv
ing and clearing at Duluth. With such a traffic already
on the lakes, what will It be when the rivers of the
Northwest are opened up, when Canada builds a deep
sea waterway from Georgian bay to the Ottawa, and
steamships from Chicago can reach any foreign port by
way of the Mississippi valley?
How many know that the Canadian government is pre
paring to connect Lake Winnipeg with Lake Superior
by the Ealny river route, and thus render five hundred
miles of the Asslnlbolne, a thousand miles of the Sas
katchewan and much of the Bed river eventually navi
gable, bringing the great wheat belt into touch with tide
water and steamship connection with every port of the
The Great Lakes freight to-day Is seven times the
total tonnage of the Puea canal. When the Improve
ments even now In prospect are completed the natural
center of distribution for the United States will be the
southern end of Lake Michigan, and Chicago will be the
greatest seaport of the world. Chicago Journal.
HE desire of the Asiatics to make a home
in the United States Is a matter of fifty
The Chinese were the earliest to seek us
out, and. until the gates were put up, cou
trjved to come by the thousands year after
year. The closed door, however, put a
check on this. Since prohibition was enforced their num
bers have declined. In the decade from 1S90 to 1900
they decreased from 12G.TTS to 110,050, and the census
of 1910 undoubtedly will show another loss.
The Japanese, on the other hand, have been increasing.
They have multiplied six times over In the ten years
terminating in r.XX, going from H.Sttt to 63.986. They
are freo to come in. There are loo.imo under the flag,
more than half being in Hawaii. Their presence Is es
pecially objected to by California, where they become
farmers, servants, laborers and merchants of varying
degrees of importance. They are charged with resorting
to dishonesty and sharp practices in bargaining and to
be destitute of the morals which Americans deem essen
tial for the civilization they have created. They can
underbid labor and undersell the white farmer, and thev
do. They Bre a bone of contention, and our government
officials i1 re put to their wi:s' end to keep California
from aditiug laws against them which would offend,
perhaps auger, the Japanese nation.
The singular thing about it is that the Asiatics bsre
turned lot glng eyes upon us. while, if they gaze south
ward, they will find countries quhe as rich as ours la
which they car find homes and perhaps a welcome
something denied them here. Why not take to BraxU
or the other South American States which are striving
to attract immigrants? In the cl;les there are no la'jor
unions to antagonize and In the country the farmer
would not object to them, for the natives are not over
Industrious or ambitious. ,
This Is the solution of the Eastern Asiatic immigra
tion problem: Overrun South America, where labor la
cheap and morals are of the easy sort. The Chinese
and Jatmnese would fit in with these people and havs
easy sailing. The soil Is rich aud the industry of the
newcomers would be well rewarded. Here they are ob
jectionable from several points of view; there they
would harmonize with the dwellers, mnde up of Ca
casino, Indian and negro strains, and be content Ctlca
THE TRIALS OF WIRELESS.
IKELESS has proved a boon to mankind.
But wireless hn Its own troubles. There
Is not enough air In the congested districts
to carry all the messages. Complaint l
made that the wireless ojerator8 in and
about New York harbor are too fond of
gi-rslp. They load the atmosphere with
eoufldeutlal social gayety, which is meant to be passed
on to some "pal" on the other side of the harbor, but
which "j ims" with a real message carrying Information
of luiponance, and the two become a blur of words with
out sense. Happily the appeals of Jack Bluns feH upon
an atmosphere not too much occupied with the trivial,
aud heu'T got early attention. But even in this case
there was trouble with amateurs, and Capt Sealby, ad
verting tc the fact, has declared that there should be
governmental regulation of wireless activity until the
process is so perfected as to remove this difficulty.
The situation indicates that there is a real demand
for rules and regulations for the use of the ether. By
wireless the operator with the most powerful battery
has the most powerful voice. The great batteries are in the
gigantic shore towers which waft messages from shore
to shore, even across the Atlantic. They easily drown
out the teeble efforts of the ship instrument to be heard.
When these message senders get down to trivialities,
they become the same nuisance that the talkative "cen
tral" used to be. "Central" has long since had a quietus
put upon her conversational yearnings. The wireless op
erator Is due for a dose of regulative treatment Wire
less has been proved to be too vital a factor In the serv
ice of the public to be made the plaything of anyone.
ALIVE AFTEB DEATH.
The most novel detail of all novel
advertising processes has been the ele
vation by advertisement of the richest
American families Into a sort of puo'.ic
life. People in genera! l?c!s very much
Interested in money, and especially In
large collections of It, are Interested
in iiersons WDO have the use of such
collections, and like, apparently, to be
kept Informed of the manner of life
of such persons, and where they go
and what they do. Becognizing" and
stimulating this interest, the American
newspapers have fed It abundantly,
yes. superabundantly, and so It has
roroe about that whereas a reasonable
measure of occasional obscurity is one
cf the things that persons who can af
ford to satisfy their Inclinations, might
SISTER, JOH2TS0S-S DEFE3TEEB..
The Earlr Home Life at the w
The mother of Champion Jack John
son has been a resident of Galveston
for forty years and is the mother of
nine children, three of whom are boys.
Her husband, who was an honest and
respected negro, died a year ap. Mrs.
Johnson beard the news of her sons
victory the other night about midnight
and she said It was not a surprise, for
Jack had cabled her the dav before
that within another day he would be
the world's champion and she knew
that he wa9 certain of victory, accord
ing to a New York dispatch from Gal
veston. The old lady Is a very Intelligent
darky and is highly resiected. She
says she Is responsible for Jack being
a ngnter. although she had intended
that he use bis power only to defend
his rights. She said Jack wa a tall.
glim boy until he was about 10 years
old. when he began to tike on flesh and
develop his muscles. L'p to the time
he was 14 years . of age be was a
coward and wouldn't fight.
"He was eternally getting Into trou
ble with his playmates," bis mother
said, "and he always got the worst
of it. His sister was his chum and she
had to defend him and do all his fight
ing. I had no time to be bothering
settling the children's fights and I told
Jack if he got licked again I would
give him another whipping, because he
was getting old enough to defend him
self. Sure enough be,got whipped by a
smaller boy and I gave him a licking
when he came home.
"But I never had reason to whip hfm
again. He developed confidence and
muscle and he was soon the champion
of the east end and there were some
tough boys in that neighborhood. He
always said he would reach the top
or tne boxers prize list
"I am not so proud of his being a
prizefighter, but I am proud that he
stands at the head of his profession.
He was no better nor worse than the
average boy, but he is a good eon audj
ue provide wen tor me and for his
sisters and brothers.
Johnson bought property In Galves
ton and California since entering upon
his 'career and sends money home reg
ularly. Eleven years ago a local sporting
club brought him out and the first pro
fessional he defeated was Tom Scan
Ion, who came from Hot Springs to
fight him In 1S9S. Though Johnson
was a Galvestonlan the spectators were
with the white man.
Parts of the Bndy Retain Vaefulneaa
After Life Mas Fled.
In McClurt's Burton J. Heudrick de
scribes the experiments In transplant
lug animal organs conducted at the
Kockefeller Institute by Dr. Alexis Car
rel. Dr. Carre! preserves niiiin.ii tis
sues in cold storage for many weeks.
"To the uns-.-ieutific citizen it Is s- uie
thiLg of a surprise to learn that larse
parts of the body are alive and useful
after the phenomenon popularly known
as death has taken place. Few of us
suspect, for example, that our kidneys
aud hearts, after we have died our
selves, can in m..st cases be resuscitat
ed, and that if by some surgKul mira
cle they could be transplanted into an
other UmIv tliey would quickly resuaie
their functions. This, however, is a
well-demonstrated medical fact. The
bua:au heart has been removed from
the b..ly more than shirty hours after
desith and made to beat again. Dr.
Carrel himself has taken the heart
from one dug aud inserted it in the
neck of another, coimectiiig the aorta
with the carotid artery of the new
heart, and tlie vena cava with its jugu
lar vein. In a few moments the live
dog had two hearts rhythmically be-.it-li.g.
one recording a pulse of SS and
the other 10.
"Science hits yet framed no precise:
definition of death. The human body ;
teems and quivers with life, onlv a :
small part of which becomes a part i
of individual consciousness. The i
healthy man hardly realizes the num-1
eixms and complex activities of bis in- j
ternal organs. The alimentarv canal !
ur ao.uing p;ace or millions of
micro-organisms, the activities of which
only occasionally influence our dally
life. Bodily tissue everywhere is con
stantly breaking down aud constantly
building up; and yet It Is onlv in the
last few years that even science has
begun to understand the beautiful
chemical reactions Involved In the pro-
TEE HEROINE OF A GEEAT CATASTROPHE.
. U - . ' .4 -. ' V-... -..-Rr5i v i'!.rfS.s
.'' " c -
y ' . , - - , '
If . J F i
N'- " - ' . r
- ' . r t. .
A Chaane for the Better.
The life-ioug domicile of an old lady
was situated several feet south of the
dividing line of Virginia and North
Carolina, and when that section of the
country was resarvcI it was discov
ered that the line ran a few feet south
of the property In question. They
broke the news to the old lady that
11... a ... . , ....
ut uwu OI naa eUbUsued hermit in the hearus of the Italian
people as she has never done before by her uiaghleent work at Messina where
she displayed In a striking manner the physical endurance which marks her
people. The third of the four daughters of Pr.nce Nicholas of Montenegro
she was born U. Cettinje in 1S72 aud was married to the King of Italy S
Prince of Naples, in ISM. She has three daughters-Volanda. Mafafd. and
Giovanna-aud there was great rejoicing when a son. Humbert. Prluc-e of P?id
mout was bt-rn in 1004. For a time the Queen did not sik ltZu
fluently, but she has now unite mastered her adopted LnSge. .
rious coincidence her paternal bouse is more to the public eve trh.
ment than It has been for years, owing ,0 the antagonKc amtude the Mon"
tenegrms have taken up with regard to the annexation of Bosnia and
govina by Austria. Queea Helena vtol.ed London year Vlwo aga
160,000 Worth of Coaatt-rfrtla.
Ton think our AmerScuD luiliiuo
alres buy a good many fake pictures?"
SI. Rocbefort laughed. "It's pitiful!
It's shameful I But what can they ex-
from then on she was to be a reint i P ? Uelr own fault for buying
oi wrgmia. -mats good." she ex
claimed ; "I've always heard that North
Carolina was an unhealthy 6tat to
live in." Success Magazine.
"When Wtthersby'B first child was
born he distributed cigars."
"When his last child was born he
bad to quit smoking." Birmingham
pictures as they buy lumber or steel
rails- according to specifications. I'll
never forget the last pictures I was
asked to look at by a rich American.
He was so proud of them! So con
vinced that they were masterpieces!
There were forty in all, and they had
cost him 8D0,0u0 francs.. It was a bar
gain all right if tbey had been gen
uine, for there were great names in
the lot; several old masters, a Dias,
a Theodore Rousseau, a Daoblgnj, and
niltbS " ,them I.
"'Ah!' Jie purred. '
" 'But they're not genuine.'
"WW? v e-
urcau yon-Te founfl a
"'My dear sir.
No matter how hard a mother tries
to find the Uplift iu every denS
domestic duty, she can't flna .ny
of It In the task of wiping
t. Ih TCar,a " . !
The profane man is ever.--i. j
No tears are ever shed for th u
that dies in the shelL
The man w ho Is wlllin tnh.
might as well have no legs.
If every mnn lived in the nt - !
no boy would live In the wrong ,''
The devil can't pick the i J' 1
guards the treasures of the rkhr' i
The man who is waiting to d0 , fe
lot of good all at ouce will never 4
The sinner on the tTe.nK U m
much a sinner as t!-e tinner in
Some people spend so mnrh . .
counting the mllepoeu they tula m
When the snail makes a mile it j,
a mile Jun the same as when mtiih
There is blessing In being rich, mj
strong aud gifted, but there is
in being none of these aud yet dolt
better than they.
The man who pays his debt tt
lets booze alone is helping to bring
the world to the place where the lkm
and the lamb will lie down together.
The man who looks to the Lord for
his daliy bread will not be found u.
tog off the end of bis yardstick to
make It easier for the dollars to flaj
Travelers In Africa And the standard
of living somewhat different from whit
they are accustomed to at home. Oo
of the latest to report upon this mat
ter is Mary Hall in her book, "A Wom
an's Trek from the Cape to Cairo.
The following paragraphs reflect 1
strong light upon the condition of mar
ket and kitchen to BrltUb Centra
When the native butcher propose to
kill an ox, notice to that effect la teat
round to the white people on the prev
ious day. Once they were apprised of
the fact by the following startling an
nouncement: "A bule will be murdered
tomorrow morning at 6 a. m."
This cold-blooded crime, so carefully
premeditated even to the exact hour
was, however, not committed, at tho
following morning a second notice wi
issued, as follows : "The bule ran twit
this morning, so was not murdered
But this was an exceptional cats.
I heard one story which is so char
acteristic of the native that I repeit
it The man who related it told u
that the incident occurred when b
was on a journey, and was sufferiot
from a bad attack fit fever. One even
ing he fancied he would like some eggs,
and told his boy to get two and boil
After a time they were brought to
him as bard as bullets. He told tho
boy be must get some more and boil
them less; but alas! these were brought
to him to the same condition, and the
poor fellow wished he had never or
dered them at alL
Being unwilling to give in, be made
another attempt and told his boj,
"Come to me when the water boili
The boy did so.
"Now," said his master, "put the eggs
In, and when you have counted flit,
take them out"
The native method of reckoninz is to
count up to ten. and then begin again,
arriving at the total by the number of
tens counted. The sick man heard the
boy start fair and get as far as four
tens, when a second boy interfered, aud
questioned whether it were the third or
This started a discussion; and as
they could not agree. It was decided u
begin all over again. Meanwhile the
eggs were still boiling, and getting
harder and harder. This was about
the last straw, and III as the man felt
he was compelled to get out of bed and
put a summary end to the cooking operations.
A Corlana Vane.
One of the most curious vanes to bs
seen on any church In Great Britain to
at Great Gonerby, a parish adjoining
It Is in the form of a fiddle and a
bow and Is unusually large. Its his
tory is curious. Manv rears ago a
peasant resided to Great Gonerby who
eked out a modest livelihood bv per
forming on an old violin which was
almost a part of his life. At last be
decided to emigrate, and out In the far
west prospered and became a Hell
One day he sent to the clergyman at
Great Gonerbr a anm sufficient to build
a church, and attached to the gift the
curious condition that a metal replica
of his .old fiddle snd bow should be on
the summit of the edifice. The gift
was accepted and the Tane may be seeo
on the church.
A Caa of 1" rare at Ktti,
It was In rha hntal nf - n'oataiD min
ing town that the New England guett
registering ta the office, heard a succes
sion of loud yells. "What in the world
uai a muraer going on upstairs r
"No" Mid rha K .1.
-wo- -i-a v( m UC piniui"--
the book and lounged toward the stair.
"It's the spring bed up to Number Fire.
That tenderfoot up there dont get the
hana of It anil onn torn- l . ha sets
' J ujot . tt
one o' the spiral springs screwed Into
him like a shirt stud. I guess 111 hv
to go up. If there ain't anything mors
I can do for you for few minutes."