The Boardman mirror. (Boardman, Or.) 1921-1925, January 02, 1925, Page PAGE 2, Image 2

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    PAGE 2
Chief Happenings of the
Past Twelve Months at
Home and in Other
Europe on the Way to Economic Re
covery British Labor Govern
ment Overthrown Republicans
Win Great Victory in Ameri
can Election Flight of Army
Planes Around World.
Mnny events of ureal moment
marked the year 1024. First 'if these
in Importance undoubtedly was the
formulation, Adoption mid putting Into
operation of the Dawes plan for in
payment of German reparations, and
Indirectly tlie financial nod economic
regeneration r ilini country and Ku
rope generally. The success of this
pcheuie means much for the entire civ
liized world. 1 1 : 1 n jlj been devised
mainly by Americana, It adds to the
prestige of America,
Wars were few and not especially
important Internationally. The out
standing ones were the civil war for
the control of the government of
China, the attempt of Spain to ron
iuer the rebellious tribesmen of llo
rocco, the suppression of o rebellion
In Mexico and a long drawn-out revo
latlonnry movement in There
were also several of the always-to-be
expected Internecine conflicts In Vn
tral America On the whole Mars had
rather an Idle year. For a time the i
nl arm I st i talked of war between the
I'nlted States and Japan over tin
Japanese exclusion clause In the new
American Immigration law, hut the
crisis was passed safely, for the time
ui least.
Great Britain experienced the nov
I ty of being under a Labor govern
ment which was fairly successful unll1
It got tangled up with the Russian
Soviets, whereupon It was ousted, tin
Conservatives winning the parllamen
tary elections by large majorities
Stanley Baldwin again became prime
minister, During the first qqarter of
the year the soviet government ol
Russia won recognition from ulmost
every Import tit country except the j
I'nlted States, hut the soviet leaders
continued to recede from their Hoi i
Mievlk principles. Socialists captured
ttie government of France and llerrlot
became premier. President Mnstapha
Jv'etnul of Turkey and I delator Musso
1 1 ill of Italy were subjected to severe
attacks from political opponents and
were forced to more liberal attitudes
In the I'nlted Slates the biggest
event of the year was the national
election, together with the sensational
Democratic convention which resulted
In the nomination of John W. Davis
and Charles W B r a n, and tlie inde
pendent candidacy of ?et:t.ior'ol
lette and Senator Wheeler on a radl
cal platform. Despite the oil reserve
scundal that had laid the Republican
administration open to attack, the
voters of the land, hv a plurality of
about 10,000,000, decided Hint Calvin
Coolldge should continue in the presi
dential office, wllh Charles dates
Inwes as vice PHiHsnt, During the
long months of the campaign business
In the United States bail languished
but Immediately alter the election It
revived rapidly, and at the s.-itne time
there began a considerable boom In
securities on the stock exchanges
subscribed In most countries. German
Industry responded instantly and the
smooth and efficient operation of the
Dawes plan seemei assured.
Several attempts were made during
fhe year to forward the further reduc
tion of armaments by agreement, but
nothing definite was accomplished un
til September, when Prime Minister
MacDonald of Great Britain submit
ted to the League of Nations his plan
for an international agreement for se
curity, arbitration and disarmament.
The discussion was heated, and Japan
refused to adhere because the plan
prohibited -wars based on internal poli
cies of nations. Her delegates did not
conceal the fact that they were re
ferring especially to the Japnnese ex
clusion clause of the American immi
gration law, which already had caused
protests from Tokyo and boycotts and
threats against Americans In Japan.
They Insisted tlie agreement must pro
vide that any nation might ask the
league to arbitrate Internal affairs of
any other nation, and the league as
sembly yielded to them and adopted
I he protocol with such amendment
Assent of the legislative bodies of all
member nations of course was requi
site, and as time went on it became
evident this could not be obtained.
Tlie British parliament, it was be
lieved, was almost certain not to agree
since Canada, Australia and New Zea
land were bitterly opposed.
In October Great Britain and Tur
key were at swords' points over the
old Mosul oil fields dispute, but they
submitted the matter to tlie League of
Nations council, which ordered the
status quo be maintained for the pres
ent. Sir Lee Stack, sirdar of the Egyp
tian army and governor general of the
Sudan, was murdered by Egyptian na
tionalists In November. The British
government, swiftly moving warships
and troops to strategic positions, de
mantled an apology, Indemnity of $2,- I
:(M).ooo, punishment of the assassins,
and, most important, concessions con
cerning the Sudan and the great Irri
gation project there. Premier Zagloul
Pasha resigned and Zlwar, bis sue
cesaor yielded to all the demands. The
mot of tlie trouble was the control of
the Sudan, which was claimed by both
Great Britain's war debt to the Unit
ed States was funded on a basis gen
orally satisfactory, and late in tlie year
France began negotiations to fund her
debt to us. The British government at
once announced that If France or any
other nation that was In debt to Brit
ain paid the I'nlted States, she would
expect to receive payment from them
In proportion. This checked tlie pro
i dings for ttie time. Poland already
had arranged for the funding of her
American debt.
The Irish Free State registered With
the League of Nations the treaty with
England by which it was granted Its
measure of Independence, but In De
camber the British government pro
tested against this action, asserting
thai the league had nothing to do with
arrangements between sections of the
British empire.
fanduris In February, and he was fol
lowed by Papannstaslon In March. On
March 25 the assembly, ignoring the
protests of Grent Britain, voted to de
pose tlie Glucksbourg dynasty and es
tablish a republic, subject to a plebis
cite. The people voted in favor of the
republic on April 13 and the royal
family went into exile. Nlcolai Lenin,
tlie master mind of soviet Russia, who
had been Incapacitated for a long
time, died on January 21 and Alexis ,
Rykov was chosen to succeed him as
premier. The funeral of Lenin was an
extraordinary demonstration and his
politics. Nearly a score of names
were presented for the presidential
nomination, with William G. McAdoo
and Gov. Al Smith of New York lead
ing. The former was credited with
support from the Ku Klux klan and
the latter Is a Roman Catholic, there
fore the religious Issue became de
plorably prominent. The committee
on resolutions struggled over two
points especially whether or not the
klan should be denounced by name
and whether or not the party should
declare Itself definitely in favor of
American membership In the League
tomb has become the national shrine. : of Nations. Both questions went be-
The Turkish assembly voted on fore the convention In minority reports
March :i to depose the caliph and abol- and many fiery speeches were made.
Ish tbo caliphate and next day the I The delegates decided not to name the
caliph left for Switzerland. President j klan and not to declare for league
Mustapha Kemol worked hard for the i membership. Balloting for a presi
prosperity of his country, but his die- j dentlal nominee began June 30 and It
tatorlnl methods brought about a pow- ; was Immediately apparent that there
rf ul combination of his opponents was a deadlock, for neither McAdoo
that gave him much trouble. In No- : nor Smith would give way unless the
FAIRS When the veal began I be matter of
German reparations mis still foremost
among the problems awaiting settle
ment. The Commission of experts up
pointed by the reparation commission
and headed DJ !en Charles Q luiwes
of America began Its work January 14
with the examination of Germany's cn
parity to pay. It functioned rapidly
and with precision, formulated what
baa been known as the Dawes plan,
and submitted its report on April I)
Two days Inter this was accepted by
the reparations commission, and on
April IB It was approved by the Ger
nan and British governments Pel
gin in, Italy and Japan accept Sri It on
April 20. hut France, for BSj
lltlcal reasons, withheld approval foi
the time being. On July IS, Owen
D. Young of San FphtvImco ae
cepted tlie position of ftacal agent of
Hie Dawes plan, mid tin. itiif day the
allied premiers met In I ontb.n to dis
cuaa the c, oration of ibe sol u.
Later they Invited ; any ., send a
delegation, and the c n'eretn-,. result
ei in complete agreement Pnare
promised to evacuate I ha Itutvr Wtthlc
a year, and almost liniiiediulelv begin
to get her iuIlMr and n, tor out
of the region The London Sgtwmeou ratified by the parllainetiis. the
German reb batag passed tin- bills net- .
esuary fin the operation of the plan
and Ibe pact was formally sign,. I on
August 30 It was the only artlCHM vet
I ut forward upon which the vn Ions
nations could Hgrve. and Ha Rdnpttai
v. balled the world oer us the be
ginning of ibe reciipemtloti f Europe
from the disastrous affects of Ibe ar
Germany began making pninvnts
under the I law es plan ,m September
2. Next day Beymout PnrkM UUtvH
a young American financial expert.
'waa appointed agent general of repa
rations, and on October 10 the big
loan to German) w ffered to the
.world ll area i u ipilj lieu s II y over
With the aid of the Liberals In par
llament, the Labor government of
(ireat Britain functioned through QIOSI
of the year. It took office on Junuun
22 with Ramsay MacDonald as prime
minister, Its policies were fairly mod
srate, but several of its bills were
beaten, notably those for the nld of
the poor and for the nationalization of
mines. It did not resign because no
party then had a majority In pnrlla
ment. However, the people rebelled
against the treaties with aovlet Bus
sla which MacDonald negotiated, and
on October 8 the house of commons
refused him a vote of confidence. Par
liament was at once prorogued and
the general election set for October
2. At the polls the Conservatives
won an overwhelming victory, getting
41,3 of the HO seats In the house The
Liberal party seemed almost wiped
out and the I.nborltes suffered hen
losses Stanley Baldwin was selected
to be prime minister again and on No
vember fl his government took ottlee.
To the great relief of France, Austen
Chamberlain was made foreign score
tary Instead of Lord Curzon. Winston
Churchill, a free trader and deter
mined foe of socialism, was named
chancellor of tlie exchequer.
England's moat serious trouble In
I Ira ail) continued to be unomp'ov
ment. This Increased through the
year, and so, unfortunately, did the
cost of living. In February there was
a great dockers' strike which threat
etieil to cut off most of tlie count rjr'S
food supplies. But through the efforts
of MacDonald and his colleagues It
was soon settled.
France changed her government
twbe Premier Polncare was not In
sympathy with tlie movement to re
store friendly relations with Cermanv.
and on June 1 he reelgned Francois
Marsal formed a ministry which lamed
onh a few duya, and then Presldcni
Mlllerand also gave up his ofllce. The
radical Socialists who are not so
radical there as In some countries
took charge and made Edouard Her
riot premier, after Huston Domergue
had been elected President. On Sep
tember SO France turned out a bal
anced budget for the first time In ten
Auatrla In November lost the lnnl
uable services of her chancellor. Mgr.
Selpel, who resigned bemuse of n gen
eral railway strike for higher wages
and other unsatisfactory conditions
due largely to the greedy profiteers of
Vienna He was succevded by Ru
dolph ItHtnek. Al une time or another
during the year the governments of
Japan, Belgium. Albania, South Africa,
Vugo Slavla. Finland and Portugal also
changed hands. Greece went furtbei
(ban that. Venlieloa formed a minis
try n January, wua succeeded Kv Kai
iii. .I'M- this group forced the resigna
timi of Premier Israel Pasha, the Pres
ident's right-hand man; he was suc
ceeded by Fethi Bey.
Arabia's radical religionists, the
Wnhabls, under Bin Sand revolted
against (be rule of King Hussein of
the Hedjnz and that monarch abdi
cated on October 3 at the demand of
the citizens of Mecca and Jedduh
Bmlr All, bis son. was put on the
throne, but had no better success than
Ids father, for In the middle of Octo
ber Wahabls occupied Mecca.
Germany's relchstag was dissolved
March 1! and a hot campaign ensued
fhe Nationalists planning to restore
the monarchy., In the elections the
Social Democrats easily won. The
cabinet of Chancellor Marx resigned
May 27. but ho was retained In office
gain in October the relchstag
dissolved, Marx having failed to re
organize the ministry satisfactorily
Thereupon he cut loose entirely from
the Nationalists. New elections wen
held December 7. On November 7 the
German budget was balanced for tin
first lime since the war. The relchs
tag elections came on December 7 and
i he three parties supporting the repub
lie and the Dawes plan won the most
seats; However, Chancellor Mar:
found It so difficult to form a new cabl
net that be and his ministers resigned
on December 15, carrying on until
their successors could he chosen.
Tfae Fascist! won the Italian elec
tions on April '!, toit the tide against
Fascism rose steadily. Slg. Matteottl
a Socialist deputy, was kidnaped and
murdered by Fascist! in June and Pre
mler Mussolini faced a crisis which he
survived only by the most energetb
action. He dissolved the national ml
lltla and reorganized his government
and some of his prominent supporter
were ousted. His opponents were kept
fairly quiet until November when
confronted by another attack In par
liament. Mussolini frankly admitted
the faults of (he Fascists and prom
ised to punish their excesses and to
curb their utterances, beginning with
China's civil war for 1924 broke out
September 3 In the Shanghai region
between the armies of Cheklang and
Klangsu provinces, the former being
backed by Hen. Wu Pei-fu, military
(illeftak) of the Peking government
and the latter having the moral sup
port of Marshal Chang Tso-lln of Man
churln, The Cbekinng troops were
victorious after a long campaign, but
meanwhile Chung had moved on
Peking and defeated his old enemv
other would do the same. Day after
day the voting went on, most of the
other aspirants dropping out one by
one. As the one hundredth ballot drew
near the vote for John W. Duvls he
ran to grow. On the one hundred and
bird ballot the break came and Davis
obtained a majority. The nomination
was then made unanimous. Out of a
'o:'cn names put up for the vice presi
dency, Mr. Davis selected thnt of
'""hnrles W. Bryan, governor of Ne
braska and brother of William J., and
he was nominated.
While this was going on Senator La
Follette became the candidate of a
third party that called Itself the Pro
gressive. He was Indorsed by the
'hlefs of the Federation of Labor,
ind, apparently against his will, by
he Socialist party. Senator Burton
K. Wheeler of Montana was given sec
ond place on tlie ticket. There were
icveral other candidates, as usual
.vho cut no figure In the results. The
evident plan of the LaFollette follow
ng was lo cause a deadlock in tlie
doctoral college and throw tlie elec
'ion Into congress.
When the votes of the nation were
-minted on the night of November 4
t w as found that Coolldge had cart-led
15 states, with 3S2 votes In tlie elec
oral college: Davis had carried 12
dates, all In the "Solid South," with
136 electoral votes, and LaFollette
md w on only the 13 electoral votes of
Visconsln. Coolldge's popular plural
ty was nerrly 10,000,000. The Re
mbllenns also won complete control i n October 20 when the Supreme court
' commissions stressed the steady de
j cline in our defenses on land anil sea
and in the air, but the President Indi
cated that lie was not in sympathy
with the demands for huge sums to he
expended on armament. The house
' passed the Interior department appro
priation bill carrying a total of ?238,
000,000. : Congress took a holiday recess from
December 20 to December 29.
On December 8 two huge public ben
efactions were announced. James B.
Duke, tobacco and power magnate,
gave $4G,000,000 to educational institu
tions In North and South Carolina;
and George Eastman, head of the East
man Kodak company of Rochester,
N. ., gave $12,000,1)00 to colleges,
schools and hospitals,
Labor in the United States had a
prosperous and in general a quiet
year. There was not one general
strike; wages maintained their high
level and in many instances were in
creased. The New York Central Rail
way company increased the pay of 15,
000 employees on January 22; Chicago
teamsters won an Increase in Feb
ruary by n short s-rike. and so did
several other local unions Inter. Wages
of various clashes of railway em
ployees were rub ed during the year
by tlie federal b e vd. Only the textile
workers of Maine suffered a reduction,
In November. Silk workers of Pater
son. N. J wen! on strike and so did
tlie garment workers of both New
roric and Chicago,
The American Federation of Labor
held its convention in El Paso, Texas.
Communism and the labor party
movement were again squelched, and
Samuel Gompers was re-elected presi
dent. He and tunny of the delegates
went to Mexico City for the conven
tion of the Pan-American Labor Fed
eration. Mr. Gompers was elected
president of that body. While (here
lie suddenly fell III and was hurriedly
brought back to San Antonio, where
he died on December 13.
In July the federal trade commis
sion ordered all steel companies to
abandon the "Pittsburgh plus" sys
tem, which was said to work injustice
lo the Middle West. The commission
iilso accused the Aluminum Company
of America of questionable practices.
Organized labor won a great victory
f the next congress.
Among the Interesting results of the
lay was the election of two women as
jovernors of states. They are Mrs
Miriam Ferguson of Texas and Mrs.
V'ellle T. Ross of Wyoming. Al Smith
rave an Impressive demonstration of
ds popularity by overcoming a huge
ilepublican plurality In New York
fate and defeating Theodore Roose
.ell, Jr., for the governorship.
Scandal resulting from the leasing
f naval oil reserve lands furnished
iuiterlal for bitter attacks on the ad
nlnlstratlon and for long Investlga
ions by senatorial committees. Aider'
!!, Fall, former secretary of the In
"erlor, was badly involved, and others
.ere smirched. Secretary of the Navy
Denby resigned under pressure. Presl
lent Coolldge and congress took steps
io bring the guilty to Justice and to
-ecover tlie reserves. Court proceed
ngs are still going on. Congress gave
onslderable time to a bill for tax re
taction and passed a measure that In
eluded many features urged by the
of the I'nlted States ruled that fed
eral courts must grant Jury trials In
contempt cases growing out of labor
Wu, partly through the treachery of democrats and Insurgent Republicans
the laiter's chief general, Feng Yu soldiers' bonus bill also was passed
hslang, President Tsao Kun resigned rhe President vetoed It, but both
Feng took possession of Peking, but muse and senate overrode the veto.
was practically eliminated by Chang
and the Manchurian made Tuan Chi
.In! head of a provisional government
On Ibis side of the Atlantic there
was Hie long drawn-out rebellion In
the state of Rio do Sul, Itrazll. the
chief effect of which elsewhere was
the Increase In the price of coffee:
and, early In the year, an attempted
revolution in Mexico which caused the
federal government a lot of trouble
Gen. Plntario Calles was elected Pres
Ideal of Mexico and was Inaugurated
on December 1. Gonzales Cordova
was elected President of Ecuador.
Iloraoio Vasquez of Santo Domingo
Carlos Solor.-ano of Nicaragua and
Gerard" Maohudo of Cubn. There was
a rebellion In Honduras In the spring
that was ended through the Interven
Hon of the United States, and a treiitx
of peace by tlie Central American nn
Hons was signed. In Chile a inllltan
group came to the fore and caused
President Ateesandri to resign. Bow
ever, the senate refused his resigna
tieti and gave him six months' leave in
Politics consumed a vast amount 01
lime and energy In (he I'nlted States
IB Is tin case , ery four years There
was little doubt from tlie first that
the Republicans would nominate Pies
blent Coolldge to Succeed himself , Both
Senator Itlram Johnson mid Senate
Rebel I M LaFollette were cand du'tes
In the preferential primary stales, hut
ibe tunnel won aiimsBI no delcgite
Ad the latter only those from Wlsion
sin The convention was held in Cleve
land, opening on June 10 with Frank
W. Hondo)! us chairman. The Wis
consln delegation presented LaFol
lelte's substitute platform, which liar
no support outside that delegation
anil It also cast Ita vote for the sena
tor. Coolldge was nominated on tin
first ballot, the vote being: Coolldge
1.005; LaFollette, 34; Join a m. 10
Frank O. LowdtB of ll'inols was MM
naled for vice president, but decllnei
and the place was given to Gen
Cl aries Hates Dawes of Chicago.
The Democrats convened In New
York on June 24 and did not complete
Vn Immigration bill before congress
ontalned a clause that would exclude
the Japanese. The ambassndor from
Tokyo protested against this, and so
exed congress that the measure was
lulckly passed and signed by the Pres-
Four airplanes manned by eight
irmy pilots started on a flight around
he world from Santa Monica, Cal.. on
March 17. In the Alaskan Islands the
ommnnder, Major Martin, and his
plane came to grief and the other
planes continued the flight. With
many vicissitudes and some exciting
xperlencos the flyers made their way
'o Japa.i. China, India, and so on
through Europe to Iceland, where an
ither plane was wrecked. The two
emnlnlng planes successfully Hew to
'.reenlnnd and thence home. Aviators
if several other nations attempted the
-nine feat, but all failed.
Curtis D. Wilbur of California be
anie secretary of the navy on March
14 when Mr. Denby retired. Attorney
ileneral Dougherty resigned March 28
at the request of the President be
a QM his official actions were assailed
and under Investigation. He was sue
ceded by Harlan Flske Stone of New
York. Secretary of Agriculture Wal
ee died October 25 and Howard Gore
was named to till the post until
March 4.
Friendly relntlons with Mexico hav
ing been restored, Charles B. Warren
ns appointed ambassador In Feb
i nary. Later he resigned and James
It. Sheffield of New York was named
Cyrus Woods, ambassador to Japan
resigned In May and In August Edgar
A. Buneroft of Chicago waa given thai
post. Hugh S. Gibson was made ndn
ster to Switzerland In March
Congress began the short session on
December 1. President Coolldge in his
message urged economy and tax re
ductlon and measures to relieve agrl
culture, declared himself In favor of
further reduction of armaments, ad
nerence to the permanent court of In
ternatlona! Justice, against Joining the
I eague of Nations and against can
ceHgttea S war debts owed the I'nlted
statea by other nations.
The senate on lecember 11 passed
the house bill appropriating $140,000,
000 for the rehabilitation of the navy
The annual reports of the secretaries
their work m ill the early morning o'
July in the most protracted nailomi
vouvcuiioa iu the hlstorj of American oX WV vud the navy utiU of several Uomu; ex-Congressmuu J. L. Slajdeu
While there was in 192-1 no such
terrific disaster as the Japanese earth
j quake of the previous year, the list of
I quakes, conllugrntlons, ni ce explo
sions, tornadoes and other visitations
was long and the loss of life was
! heavy. The Red Cross was kept busy
i throughout the year. Tlie worst of
these occurrences were as follows:
; January 3, explosion in starch factory
in Pekin, HI., 30 killed; January 10,
P.ritish submarine with crew of 43
j sunk In collision; January 15 and Hi,
j severe earthquakes In Japan, India
: and Colombia ; January 20, coal mine
explosion at Shanktown, Pa., 40 killed;
February 5, 42 killed when pond broke
through Into iron mine near Crosiv,
Minn.; March 1. explosion of TNT at
Nixon, N. J., killed 18; March 4, San
Jose, sCosta Rica, half wreuKed by
quake; March 8, mine explosion ut
Castle Gate. Utah, killed 175; March
20, landslide near Ainalfl, Italy, killed
100; April 28, mine explosion at
Wheeling. W. Vn., fatal to 111; April
30, destructive and fatal tornadoes In
Southern states; May 27, tornado's in
South killed 45; May 28, Bucharest
arsenal blew up with great loss of
life; May 31. 22 inmates of defective
girls' school In California burned to
death; June 12, turret explosion on
battleship Mississippi killed -is ; June
28, tornado killed 1"0 and did vast
damage at Loriiin. Ohio; in August,
thousands killed In Hoods In China
and Formosa, anil SO lives lost In Vlr
gin Islands hurricane; September 10
mine explosion at Sublet, Wyo., killed
30; September 21, storms In Wisconsin
fatal to 58; October 20. 14 killed by
explosion on I'. S S. Trenton; Novem
ber 12, hundreds of lives lost In earth
quakes In Java; November 14 and 10
destructive contlagi atlons in Jersey
City, N. J.
Of the mnny notable men and wom
en who were claimed by death during
the year these were the more famous:
In January: Mrs. Martha Foote
Crowe, author and educator; Rev. S.
Raring Could, English author; former
Senator Nathan B. Scott of West Vir
ginia; John Leyland. English naval
authority; Alfred Gruenfeld. Austrian
composer; A. F. Adams, impressarlo
of musicians; Dr. Basil Glldersleeve
American savant : former Senator W.
V. Allen of Nebraska ; George Cram
Cook, author and playwright ; Dr.
Maurice Francis Egan. diplomat and
author; Nlcolai Lenin, premier of Bus
sia ; Gen. Lee Christmas, soldier of
fortune; W. C. Fox, former minister
to Ecuador; Grand Duchess Marie of
In February: Dr. L. S. Me.Murtry.
noted surgeon; Woodrow UfthMa.
twenty-eighth President of tjalted
States: Rear Admiral T. O. Seifrldge;
Col. William Light foot Vlsscher. sol
dier and writer; Pierce Anderson. Chi
cago architect; Dr. Jacques Loch,
biologist ; Rev. Mother Vincent de
Paul, superior general of Gray Nuns
of the Sacred Heart ; Bishop Alexan
der B. Garrett In Texas; Bishop J. E
Gunn of Mississippi; R. p. Goodman,
millionaire lumberman of Wisconsin:
Congressman H. G. Dupre of Louisi
ana ; Bishop T. Meersehaert of Okla
I -
of Texas; George Randolph Chester,
author; Mrs. Lydia Coonley Ward,
In March: Ex-Congressman J. M.
Levy of New York ; W. F. Lee, Chi
cago publisher; A. H. Smith, president
New York Central ; Daniel Ridgeway
Knight, American artist; Gen. P.
Danglls, Greek soldier and statesman;
Lopez Gulterrcz, de facto president
of Honduras; Federal Judges F. B.
Baker and (i. W. Jack ; Dr. W. O. Stlli
; man, head of American Humane asso
ciation; Dean N. C. Ricker of Univer
sity of Illinois; Newton Fuessle, nov
elist; Barney Barnard, comedian ; Gen.
i Robert NIvelle, defender of Verdun;
Dr. T. 0. Mendenhall, educator;
James McNally, Chicago publisher;
Sir Charles Stanford, Irish composer;
Dr. P. A. Baker, general superinten
dent Anti-Saloon league; Glen Mnc
Donough, musical comedy librettist.
In April: Charles A. Munn, pub
lisher Scientific American ; ex-Senator
M. A. Smith of Arizona ; Hugo Stinnes,
German Industrial magnate; William
Bayard Hale. American journalist;
Louis II. Sullivan, eminent Chicago
architect; F. X. Leyendecker, artist;
Eleonora Duse, Italian actress; Marie
Corclli, English novelist; Lindon W.
Bates, American waterway expert;
Karl HelffBrlch, German statesman;
J. Sloat Fnssett, New York political
leader; G. Stanley Hall, psychologist;
Charles F. Murphy, head of Tammany
Hall ; ex-Gov. E. L. Norris of Mon
tona ; Niels Gron, Danish-American
diplomat; Sir Horace Nugent, English
In May: II. M. Byllesby, financier
and engineer; Dean C. Worcester,
scientist; Kate ClBXton, actress; Mrs.
Hubert Work, wife of secretary of in
terior; Katie Putnam, veteran actress;
II. II. Windsor, publisher of Popular
Mechanics ; George Kennan, traveler
and writer: Baron Constant d'Estour
neiies of France; sir Edward Goschen,
British diplomat; Victor Herbert, com
poser; Aaron Hoffman, playwright:
Paul Cambon, French diplomat.
In June: Bishop H. C. Sttmz of
Omaha: E. 8. Bronson, president Na
tional Editorial association! Peter
Clark Macfarlane, author; Frauk G.
Carpenter, traveler and writer.
In July: A. A. A dee, second assist
ant seen tary of state; Calvin Cool
ldge, Jr., son of the President; Palmer
Cox, author and artist; Fcrrucclo Bu
i son!, composer; Eihvnrd Peple, dram
atist. in August! George Slilras, former
Justice of United States Supreme
court ; Joseph Conrad, author. In Eng
land ; ex-Senator 0. E. Townsend of
Michigan; Mary Stuart Cutting, nov
elist; Mrs. Joseph Jefferson, widow of
the actor; Dr. Richard Green Moulton.
educator; Senator LeBaron B. Colt of
Rhode Island: Mrs. Lucy Page Gas
ton, antl-clgnrette crusader: Charles
B. Lewis ("M. Quad"), humorist;
Adolph Socman, pioneer circus man;
Julia Bernhardt, actress.
In September: Edward F. Geers.
noted harness driver; Darlo Resta,
automobile racer; Maria T. Daviess,
author; Frank Chance, noted baseball
player and manager; Charles Zcllblln,
educator: ex-Gov. W. I. Douglas of
Massachusetts'; J, W. Schneberle, as
tronomer; James (.a nut hers, "wheat
king" of Canada; ex-Senator R. J.
Gamble of South Dakota; Congress
man W. R, Greene Of Massachusetts;
Brig. Gen. C. E. Sawyer President
Harding's physician ; Estrada Cabrera.
ex-Prcsldent of Guatemala; Charlotte
Crabtree (I.ottn), veteran actress; H.
L. Bridgeman, New York publisher.
In October: Sir William Price, Ca
nadian capitalist; ex-Gov. Warren
(hirst of Iowa; Dr. W. A. Shanklln,
educator; Charles L. Hutchinson, Chi
cago banker and art patron; Anatole
France, dean of French letters; E. L.
Larkln, astronomer; Dr. L. C. Seelye.
first president of Smith college; Sena
tor Frank Hrandegce of Connecticut;
II. H. Kolhsant, former Chicago news
paper publisher: Admiral Sir Percy
Scott, British gunnery expert; F.
Wight Neumann, Impressarlo ; ex-Gov.
II. A. Buchtol of Colorado; John E.
Wright, journalist; Secretary of Agri
culture Henry C, Wallace; Laura Jean
I.ihhey, novelist ; Lew Dockstnder.
minstrel; Percy D. Hnughton, foot
ball authority; Gen. W. B. Haldemon.
commander of I'nlted Confederate
Veterans ; James B. Forgnn. Chicago
banker; Edward Bell, American diplo
mat : W. 10. Lewis, publisher New
York Telegraph; T. C. Ilurbuugh. au
thor of Nick Carter stories; Frances
Hodgson Burnett, author.
In November: Kai Nellson, Danish
sculptor; T. E. Cornish, first president
of Bell Telephone company; ex-Senator
Cornelius Cole of California;
Ferdinand Peck, pioneer Chlcngonn ;
Gabrjel Fanre, French composer: Gen.
Anson Mills; Senator Henry Cabot
Lodge of Massachusetts; ex-Gov. W.
K. Kltchin of North Carolina ; Presi
dent Samuel Plant! of Lawrence col
lege, Appleton, Wis.; E. S. Montagu,
English statesman; E. E. Itlca, the
atrical producer; Mrs. J. P. Morgan,
Sr. ; A. N. McKay, editor Salt I-ake
Tribune ; Cardinal Logue of Ireland;
Thomas H Ince, moving picture pro
ducer ; Gen. Sir Lee Stuck, sirdar of
Egyptian army; Mrs. Warren G. Hnrd
iBg; c. s. Falrchlld, former secretary
of the treasury; Duke of Beaufort;
QUtcomo Puccini, Ituliar composer.
In De. ei iber: Ciprinno Castro, for
mer dictator of Venezuela; Mrs. Gene
Straiten Porter, novelist ; W. C. Brown,
former president New York Central ;
Bishop H. J. Alerding of Fort Wayne,
Ind.; William C. Reick. Journalist;
chief Grand Rabbi Isaac Friedman of
Vienna, in New York; Mahlon I'itnuy,
former Justice of the 0. S. Supreme
court; August Belmont, financier and
sportsman: Edward llolslug, American
artist; Samuel GoniK-ra, president
American Federation of Labor; Con
gressman T. F. Applebv Of New Jer
sey ; Martin F. Hljnn, former governor
of New fork. -