Image provided by: Morrow County Museum; Heppner, OR
About The Boardman mirror. (Boardman, Or.) 1921-1925 | View Entire Issue (Nov. 9, 1923)
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BOARDMAN, OREGON, FRIDAY, NOVEMBER 9, 1923.
Needed for Eggs
Profitable Returns From
j Laying Hens Are Largely j
Due to Good Feed.
(Prepared by the ITnaed States Department
of' Agriculture. )
Good egg production and profitable
returns from laying liens are largely
.the result of properly balanced ra
tions composed of wholesome feeds.
(Experiments in poultry feeding for egg
production carried on by the United
Mates Department of Agriculture
show that it takes about 0.7 pounds ol
feed to produce a dozen eggs with i
general-purpose pullets while the egg- j
laying strains, such as Leghorns, re-
quire about 4.8 pounds of feed. Old
hens require a much l.'iV"r amount ,
of feet! in producing a eggs. . (
Re&uits From Simple Mixture.
I Simple mixtures composed of home
grown grains and their hy-prodm ts,
supplemented with meat or fish scrap '
or milk, give the most profitable re- I
suits. A good scratch mixture is one
made of two parts cracked corn and
;one part oats, while a mash of three j
parrs cornmeal and one part Went
s . will be found very satisfactory.
A air amount of green feed with
the. rutions should give good results
with the Hock, since the mash and
scratch mixtures suggested combine
the animal-protein feed, bulk, and fat
required by a good balanced poultry
The rations may be varied to in
clude feeds that are easily obtained
and that are comparatively Inexpen
sive, Corn, wheat, oats and barle)
are the principal grains fed to poultry.
Kafir corn and buckwheat are used
also, but are not so generally avail
able and cost more. Corn and wheat
are the two best grains and are about
eqttul In value as poultry feeds, al
though wheat can be fed alone better
tlnui corn, which is inclined to be fat
tening. Outs and barley, on account
of their hulls and higher fiber content,
are not so good as wheat or corn. Itye
is not well relished by fowls and Is
.seldom fed. Wheat screenings or
slightly damaged grains may some
times be bought to advantage, their
value depending entirely upon their
(Utility and condition, but as a rule it
is good policy to stick to sound
grains In good condition.
Mash Made of Ground Grains.
A mush made of ground grains, mill
products, and meat scrap may use
cornmeal, wheat bran, wheat mid
dlings, or corn chop, eorn-and-eob
meal, or ground oats, depending upon,
the feeds available and the relative
cost of each. It is worth remember
ing, however, that just as go;'d results
can be obtained with a simple mash
containing three or four ground grains
and meat scrap us from a highly com
plicated mash containing ten or tvele
Along the Concrete
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LADIES MP BET I).TK FOR HEALTHFUL SCHOOLS
BAZAAII OK NOVEMBER 23
STATU MARKICT AGENT
C.Ii.SpencO, State .Market Agent
72J Court House, Cortland
to Grade and Pack
Insects Attack Apples
While Held in Storage
With more attention being pah! to
the grading of apples, anything which
contributes to the deterioration of the
fruit after packing or in storage will
be of considerable Interest to fruit
growers. Observations made at
(lenova und elsewhere show that late
summer Insects sometimes escape the
notice of the packer and are put In
storage, where later they may develop
und do much damage to the fruit.
The larvae, or worm form of leaf
rollers, bud moth and case-bearers
have been found feeding on apples
piled In the orchard, while COdllng
moth larvae, the lesser apple worm,
San Jose scale and apple maggots are
known to have continued their feeding
and development in supposedly sound
fruit which had been placed in stor
age. Fortunately the codling moth
and arpl.' maggot confine their efforts
to a tlM infested fruit, but the apple
worm ac San Jose scale may pass
from apple to apple.
If the fruit can be placed In odd
storage und held at Just abore freez
ing point until ready for use, little if
any injury will result from insects In
advertently carried over with the ap
ples. Although the larvae may not be
killed, the low temperature will effec
tively check their growth. However.
Infested apples never keep quite so
well in storage as do sound apples.
eoi'XTY AGENTS' SERVICE
MEETS GENERAL APPROVAL
All Oregon Oonntlee But One Now
Having Agents Support Item.
Two New Ones Added
All the county courts in counties
carrying on agricultural) extension
work through county agents, with
a single exception, have made pro
vision for continuation of the
appropriations in ihe budgets recent
ly made up, and in addition Grant
county included the Item for the
first time, and Clackamas county
where the county funds were pro
vided by private subscription hag
restored the item to the budgi ft.
The single exception was Linn county
v. hore difficulty has been experien
ced in securing county funds for
this work many times and where
farmers raised the nessasary money
Outstanding work of the year
which has contributed to the
general appreciation of this service
has been the establishment of re
circulation systems In prune dryers
In western Oregon, reducing coats
work in connection with the dairy
industry and a constructive aitack
on the marketing problem.
In Deschutes county the applica
tion of sulphur, first conducted by
the county agricultural agent, has
increased yields 4 0 per cent, reports
representative farmers and business
( From O.A.C. Experiment Station)
Keep the dairy cows In out of the
rain, because it. takes good feed that
might better be used for production
to keep them warm if they are ex
posed to the weather. It is a com
mon practice to leave cows oui dur
ing the rainy season In Oregon, but
they are better off inside, according
lo I!. C. Jones, associate dairy htts-
b; ndman of the Oregon experiment
Alfalfa hay alone for fattening eat-
tl gives on the average a little better
than one pound gain daily. Alfalta
hay and a liberal amount of corn sil
age, about 25 pounds, will give a! out
1 pounds daily gain. The latter
ration also gives a better finish on
Much business was transacted at
the LadieH Aid, which met with Mrs.
Johnson at her home on Wednesday.
The date for the bazaar was set to
be given on Nov. 2 3. Lunch will be
served. Mrs. Messenger will have
charge of the plain work booth and
Mrs. Hands of the fancy work. There
will also be a country store 'again
l'lans were made to celebrate Ar
mistice day, Nov. 11th with services
at the church both morning and ev
ening. Delicious refreshments were
served by the hostess.
Exhaust of Automobile
Is Sure Death to Lice
Most every farmer has a car of some
kind ; and most every fanner has
chickens, and therefore is troubled
with vermin in the chicken house at
some time. Well, here Is the connec
tion. It is new and reliable.
Just attach a rubber hose to the ex
haust pipe of your motor and put the
other end in the chicken house with
the chickens all out, of course. Close
the house as tightly as you ran, let the
motor run about ten minutes, and
bingo! Bugs, lice, mites and other
vermin are gone. It Is the cheapest
lice killer known.
A sholf placed on top of the base
board in the clothes closet furni hes
an excellent place for shoes. This
shoe board not onlv makes it possi
ble to take care of the shoes but
makes cleaning of the closet much
When the Iceman came out of the
house be found a small boy sitting on
one of his blocks.
" 'Ere," he roared, "what are yer
a-slttlug on that for? Git olT of It."
The boy raised a tear-stained face.
"Was you ever a boy?" he inquired
"Of course I waR." said the Iceman,
fuming. "But "
"And did you never play truant 7"
put in the youngster.
"Of course I did," said the leeraan.
"Now then, you "
"An' when you got home did your
father take a stick an' "
"Sit where you are. my little man,"
i said the iceman. "I understand."
' "roni Oregon Sla'o Hoard of Ileal t li
in Co-operation Willi the United
States Public Health. Service. Fred
erick D. Strieker, M. D., Collabor
Unreasonable dread or fear of d la
vase Is a primitive affection and lor
ages Ignorance and superstition
made man an eaiy viotlm. History
records a series of epidemics C'.at
swept entire na.ioiss, causing more
cnsualilies than the hand of war. It
was natural lo fear such a mighty
agent and wlih no way of control
ling dl: ease It was looked upon as
the wrath of a Supreme being. In
order to appiare the evil one sacri
fices were offered while the people
lied from the peet-lnfested chics.
In modern limes man's fear:: have
become more specific, Pht iDIo
phobia, fear of tuberculosis, rardlo
phobla, fear of heart disease, rancor
phobia, fear of cancer, and neo
phobia, fear of infection, are of com
mon occurrence and are usually due
lo an Incomplete knowledge of the
There ar". therefore, two extremog,
unreasonable fear of disease and a
foolhardy blindness to the danger of
disease). Only a tboro education In
the nature of disease will dev lop the
art of sane and efficient llvll g. OUT
present knrwh dt'e demonstrates the
fact that many diseases ar ' avoid
able. Personal hygiene must be
come more than i kin deep. Kvery
one has an obligation, noi only to
prolong his own life, but al.-o o be
able to affo-d protection to others,
Have you don everything to protect
yourself and family from disease?
Are you doing everything to pre
t tv font OW good health?
In order lo stimulate a vreater
inter . t In personal welfare a series
of bulletins wtO be pubished calling
attention to the Utile thlni;; 'hat
necessary to assure good health
(Oregon Slate Hoard of Health In
Co-operation with the I'nlted States
Public Health Service. Frederick
D. Strieker, M. D., Collaborating
Man has too long considered him
self a special creation, not a part of
nature, but in some way different
from, superior to all other life. Man
is Just as much a part of nature as a
horse or an elephant, and is equally
subject to nal lire's laws The stock
grower has long learned the lesson
that it is bad business to mix tho
healthy animals with the ones that
are diseased. In spite of this well
known fact many of our schools are
still the incubators of disease This
is due to the fact that tome parents
insist on sending sick children to
school and the teacher does not rec
ognize the Bcrlous consc'iuenees of
allowing an unwell child to attend.
When in doubt do not send the
child to school. All questionable
caseS should be referred to the health
officer. The best Investment a coun
ty can make is a full time health
unit which will insure the proper in
vestigation of all suspicious cases.
Parents and teachers can do much
to lessen infection if they will ob
serve and follow a few simple rules.
A child Hhould nol be sent to school,
or should be excluded from school:
Who has an acute cold.
Who lias a fever.
Who is broken out with a rash.
Who has a spulum raising cough.
Who has a swelling of the neck 01
Who cannot eat on account of Ill
Who Is nausealed, dizzy, or faint
Who has red or weeping eyes.
Who lives in a homo that is quar
A wise parent will mak- uerialn
that a child that has recently had an
acute atlack of contagious disease
will not return to school until such
contagion hart fully Bleared, To send
a child to school when not fully re
covered, not only may be an addi
tional risk to the obi Id, but is a
great wrom; lo other children, who
may be Infested and seriously In
jured by coitart with such a case.
Let parens and teachers cooperate
In making our schools not only in
stltutionB of learning, but also dif-
fusers of heallh Instead of spreade rs
Washington has put its co-operative
hai association over and has 7 a
par cent of tho alfalfa hay signed up
to be handled thru pool selling. The
organisation Will finance thru the
Intermediate Credit bank. The same
movement Is now under way in Ore
gon and there Is little doubt, say the!
promoters, but what it will go over
eail), when then' will be co-operation
of the two state associations
and 7ii pen ent of the hay grown in
tho r.orthwest will be committed lo a
definite selling plan. When Oregon's
75 per cent Is signed up Joint price
Qxing and selling will be worked out.
This li a demonstration of farmers
operating their own business, rather
than letting tht brokers run it for
them. U can be applied to almo.t
any product grown in s'lQHIent quan
tities to warrant an organization.
A few years ago the pouitrymen
cf OrpgOn shipped their eggs to the
different ooinnataeioa houses and pack
ing concerns and asked, "How much
will you g,vj?" Today the poultry
nien have a strong co operative aaso
claMo'.i which fivers the prie on the
"Kgs and tho deal ts have lo meet It.
Further, tho dealt rs consider the
pri e of the co-opera ive associate n In
quoting prices to thorc whe are not
members of the organization. The
association fixes the egg price of
Ittdus'rial prl"es are abnormally
high and agricultural prices abnor
mally low. This puts the Farmer in
a tight hole and It would seem that
thru group action lies his only hope
In adjusllr.g these conditions. The
'otton growers, tobacco raisers and
fruit growers of t'.ie sottth have pulled
their Industries up from lois to profit
by united SOtlOO. In thia era of com
binations and price fixtr.';, the Indus
try that thrown its products on toe
market and tabes the huyrs' urlc
stands a slit a chance to r,uc?ecd
The Agricultural News, Waah'ng
'on's state Grange, publication, prints
i n"t'v that shou'd sear Itself Into thi
eiind of every farrier who read" It
wheat -ratr lug rormaunltv in cn
gda wag pavtefi 1,! cents for binder
ivtne, when tha farmers formed a
co-oi.-ra!lvo ROiupan? aid huilt a
:wlrie fgfttory and told the name
tvlne at 8 14 cents, the actual cor I
being 8 cents. The big machhw
'corporation, which had for years ro'd
the farmers twine, at onoe cut their
price from li cents to 8 cents, one
'eilf cent lower than thO farmers'
re operative price, and this price p re
ratted until the farmers' factory was
: truck by lightning and burned, then
'lie corporal Inn put lis price back to
16 cents. Fully Insured, tin' far
mers rebuilt tht Ir plant and again
put their twlno on tie- inar'tct at 8
cents, whn the private corporation
once more reduced its price from lfi
to 8 cents, hoping to Induce the far
mers to desert th lr own organisation
by the lower price. This story Il
lustrates the whole en-operattvo-novement
more than columns of ar
The potato inspection and grading
law Is being generally observed bv
growers tind shippers and tho senti
ment over the state Is very fnvorabb'
'o the new act. There Is of courts
the usual opposition on Ihe part of
so. ne to this law, ati there Ih lo an'
law that would guarantee I standard
product. Partners may obtain sacs
stencils, postpaid, 2f cents each, In
applying lo Gleorge n. HisloPi B) per
lineal station, o. a. c, Corvallts,
Slowly the farmers of Oregon are
realizing that they must combine as
other Industries do. when consum
ers and retailers will realize that
'hey i.iusl also combine with the pro
ducers, then will the great mlddle
proflts and p 'uses be lowered to
the benefit of ths three classes.
r.Mit A, -( T
r -ling survivals
Sunflowers foi IllSgS should be put
In when the secils reach the hard
dough atnge. When ifrown on wet
land so the pith Ih sappy and full of
water, they may be CUt anil wilted In
the (bid before inning into the silo.
Mien grown en rtry my ground, they
nhoubl be peg Into the silo as prompt
ly as possible and enough water add-e-'
that a liille can he squeezed from
the cut states.
Monday may nol be the best day
of the week on which to do the fam
ily washing. Tuesday Is much more
acceptable. It leav. h Monday for
planning the week's work.
rhet'i are iutertins survivals in
ifflfiinnteBt, and the tenacity with '
which ancient customs are guarded In
the commons is evident from the fact
that a pesesttger may get step on the
tog of the house, and at times has
to curry out curious forms of gymnas
tic exercise In order t(l get at u mem
ber be wants without actually st-p
ping on forbidden ground
(tOTICK cote pi in ic vnox.
Department of the Interior, c. s.
Land Office at The Dalles, Oregon,
September 27, 192:!.
NOTICK Is hi reby given that Sol
omon C. Cummins, or llermlston,
On gon, who, on June 22, 1 f J 2 0 . made
Homestead entry, No. 011749. for
SF.14, Section 2fi, Township :i N.,
Range 26 F... Willamette Meridian,
has llled notice of Intention to make
final throe voar proof, to establish
claim to the land above described,
before C H. Hlayden, United States
Commissioner, at Iloaidman, Oregon,
on the 13tfa day of November, 1923.
Claimant name as witnesses:
Henry J. Tafol, Oliver Oraham
Lee, John Puller, Sherman Nelson,
all of Echo, Oregon
J. W. DONNKLLY,
Much Waste and Loss of
Fruits and Vegetables
Can Be Prevented.
(Prepared by the United S(ate Depurtmnnl
of Ab; leulture.)
VV'Hste and loss 111 fruits and vege
tables due to spoilage or breaKUgd iu
transit have been one of the &ei lous
problems connected with the protitable
production and selling of perishable
The market specialists of the bu
reau of agricultural economics of the
United States Department ot Agricul
ture have loug urged growers to take
steps to prevent this unaeccssary
waste, which brings them no prolit tend
ofleu means u serious loss, at the same
time reducing the total Supply of
fruits and vegetables. Increased care
In selecting, grading, packing ami
shipping their products has accom
plished much In spite of the risks in
volved in shipping perishables over
long distances, across deserts, moun
tains and plains In all kinds of
Tomatoos All Year.
TesnatoSS are now found on the
large markets practically all the year,
coining front Mexico. Cuba, and the
Bahamas In early winter, from Florida
and south Texas next, and ttoui east
Texas, Mississippi and Tennessee (lur
ing the spring. Ohio, Illinois and New
Jersey supply the summer trade ct the
large eastern markets until local grow
ers and home gardeners can 11 U the
demand. California siilps tomatoes
from May to November, 1 1 order to
avoid high freight Charges on toma
toes which win spoil in transit, tisry
careful grading and packing lUUSt be
done by the shippers, Itotlt consumer
and grower reap th" benefit of this
care preceding shipment.
Losses and waste In pundllng poorly
graded cabbage are quite frequent.
The shippers lose by their own negli
gence and the consumer loses because
of the lessened supply, poor quality
and higher local prices. Growers are
being systematically urged uot to ship
over-ripe, decayed and soft heads of
Grade All Producti.
The large associations of potato
growers have succeeded In grading
their products under brand MflHN
which protect the customer against
overs Ised, hollow ami defective 1 1 "
Itoxed apples fyoni the North Wi St
leave that region splendidly (traded, al
though at times they suffer unavoid
ably In transit to eastern markets.
California growers are making Vigor
ous efforts to put only standardised
cantaloupes, citrus fruits and other
products on the market, to avoid sli -p!ng
either green or overripe meli us
and to enforce such rigid grading,
packing and shipping rules that only
those oranges, grapefruits mid lemons
which will surely withstand travel and
changes In climate, are now being
The. list Blight he Indefinitely Con
tinued. Every effort Is being made by
the Culled Stales Department of Agri
culture to influence growers to grade
their products and pack then properly
for shipment, enabling the house
keeper, who is the iinai purchaser of
California's cantaloupes, Florida's to
matoes, or Oregon's apples, to obtain
her money' worth when she deals
with the retail storekeeper.
Fowls Appreciate Good
Feed of Grain at Night
a ben consumes approximately four
ounces of loud a day, ami poultry au
thorities at Minnesota University farm
hud she will eat two on 11 cs of this In
the form of dry mash when It is avail
able. These ground griilns are quickly
digested, and the fowl Is saved the
trouble of grinding all the feed in her
crop, Thus by feeding dry mush pro
duction can be forced.
The other IWO ounces of feed, save
Ihe pouitrymen, should he In the form
1 of whole or cracked grains, fed twice
j a day In a deep, clean biter, giving a
little less than Sa ounce In the morn
ing and a little more than an ounce at
night, The hen's crop Is small and the
winter nights are long, consequently
the heavier toedtng should be given at
night. Care should lie taken always
that the fowla go on tin roosts with
Late fall plowing, followed by an la
rertllled crop the following yeur. will
et rid of wild onion, or garlic Corn
n eheCBrowS Is a good crop to plant.
To g"t rid of the onions in pasture, if
the plants are too numerous, dig each
lent and destroy It Bheeri eat (he
op of the onhm, and grazing for a
fW years often kill It out. Coal far
xeesrttS oil applied to each plant l
be rate of about four thimbleful I
tf retire In killing both the plant and
in tmserminsted bnJhe
00 -n 9
Cooking butter in a kettle in the
oven save standing and stirring.
Duller so cooked doea not slick.