Image provided by: Morrow County Museum; Heppner, OR
About The Boardman mirror. (Boardman, Or.) 1921-1925 | View Entire Issue (Sept. 7, 1923)
SolsonE S 11
BOARDMAX, OREGON, FRIDAY, SEPTEMBER 7, 1923
ON WHY FARMER
GETS NO PRICE
It is indeed an extraordinary eco
nomic condition that wages and all
living expenses should steadily ad
vance, month after month, while the
products c!' .hc farm, on . ;J '.nil
lions depend lor food, are so kw
that the most of them bring less than
the cost of production to the growers.
All industries except agriculture
are generally prosperous; there is
nation-wide demand for labor, and
wages in most industries are high. 1
Farming alone seems to have col- j
lapsed. Wheat at one dollar a bu-
shel, with other farm products at I
present prices, would be all right
for producers if other products were
In proportion. As the unjust situ
ation now is, the grower gets less
than it costs him to produce wheat, I
beef, apples, small fruits and many
other products, while he has to pay
nearly double for implements and
other working and living necesities.
A binder that cost the farmer $175
in 1!I14 now costs $260, according
to the statistics of Charles T. Mich-j
aels; a sulky plow that was $35 is I
now $54; a wagon that retailed fori
$80 before the war now costs $135 j
and labor that cost the farmer $1.50
per day now conies at double that
Wheat at 90 cents per bushel to
the farmer, when freight is deducted,
Is 1 V2 cents per pound, while the
wholesale price on middlings ($38 at
this writing, $30 at the mill) is
nearly two cents per pound a high
er price than the grower gets for
his whole wheat. While the grower
gets but 1 cents for wheat the
price of flour is nearly four cents
per pound and the price of bread
from seven to nine cents.
The obvious cause of this unequal
condition of values is that nearly
all industries of the country are so
strongly organized they can fix and
maintain selling prices, and labor
likewise through organization can
demand and obtain high wages. Only
unorganized labor has a low wag!
And the manifest remedy for the
deflated and desperate condition the
farmers are in, is to follow the rule
of big business industries and big
labor organizations and refuse to
take the deflation of the whole na
tion. Farmers can just as well regu
late their production and determine
a fair price for their goods as the
shoe manufacturer, the implement
factory, the oil combinations, the
sugar trust or any other of the price
controllers of the country's neces
sities. Hut there Is a limit to the price
that any combination may exact
there is a limit to what the public
will stand. Nearly all combinations
of capital recognize a dead line and
fear a public buyers' strike.
All over the United States farmers
are taking up the one remedy that
seems will give then relief from
the present unbalanced and unjust
condition that is forced upon them
- co-operation. If they will use
this group organization to help con
sumers as well as themselves, they
-.X ' iM
Guy F!enner, head of the Idaho
Reclamation association, who put
over the American Falls reservoir
pro ect by which the entire town of
American Falls, Ida., will be moved to
higher ground and the largest Irriga.
Hon storage dam in the United
States will be built
i.i nave greatly helped the prosper
ity of the country as well. If they
tso the combination power for the
price for products, wilhout working
;o reform the distributing system
i hey will have accomplished little for
: tanrnt good.
There is far too great a spread
Otween the producer and the con
sumer. Farm co-operators have a
great opportunity in their organiz
ations to invade this middle profit
field and reorg;ize the wasteful
r.nd expensive system. Consumers
have equal opportunity to cooper-
te with the growers and come half
way for the- (products. With he
two-thirds middle expenses between
hem cut to the barest necessary ex-
icnse, and with perhaps producers
nd consumers being their own mid
dle men between the grower and the
retailer, then price-control on the
art of the farmer to the extent of
a fair return for his labor, would
not add to the high retail prices,
'gainst which the homes are now
Mercury Stops Hoot .Maggots
Control of root maggots ou cab
Sage is reported successful by a Cor-
allis gardener with a single appli
cation of dilute bichloride of nier-
!Ury solution. He used the poison
at the rate of one antiseptic tablet
bichloride of mercury to one quart
of water, by scraping a little dirt
from about the roots of the infested
abbage and pouring in enough of
the solution to run down the stalk
cell. The agricultural college uses
a solution of 1 ounce of corrosive
ublimate to 12 gallons of water
frith one or two reapplicatioos at
5 to 7 day Intervals. The root mag
gots are bad at this season on broc-
oli, kale, and cauliflower, in some
Coolidge Urges Public to Give Funds.
Washington, I). C. The United
States moved swiftly to bring the full
forte of the government and the peo
ple to the aid of stricken Japan.
While government executive depart
ments were directed to assist in the
work, the public was urged In an ap
peal issued by President Coolidge to
oniribute funds through the Amer
ican Red Cross for aiding the unfor
'unate and giving relief to the people
PRIZE LIST FOR HOUXD-VP
WILL UK GRKATER THIS YEAR
The prise list for the Pendleton
Round-Up to be held September 20,
21 and 2 2, will be greater this year
than ever before.
All everts will command their cash
and merchandise prizes, but in ad
dition four beautiful saddles, tri
umphs of the saddlemaker's art, will
be given. One presented by the
Union Pacific System, is for the win
ner of t he world's championship
bucking contest. Another, present
ed by Hamley & Co., ia for the win
ner of Northwest bucking contest,
while a third, presented by Happy
Canyon, the night show held during
the Round-Up, will be presented
the winer of the steer roping.
The fourth saddle will bo a lad'es'
saddle, presented by k Kader Shrine
teraple of Portland 'o the winner of
the ladies' relay race on Thursday,
the first day of the Round-Up. Th3
Shrii.ors, a thousand strong, arc to
be in Pendleton on the Wednesday
preceding the Round-Up for a big
Wild West ceremonial, and will re
main on Thursday to see the show.
They will come to Pendleton in three
special trains from Porlland.
This year will mark a precedent
for a prize is being offered the mean
est backer at the big show. Tho
prize will be a bag of Umatilla coun
ty oaf;, and the donor is Phillip Ash
ton Rollins, author of "The Cowboy,"
cM whose articles have appeared
in the Saturday Evening Post and
other publications. He visiteu the
Round-l'p last year and decided that
the buckers, which share honors with
tthe human performers, should re
ceive a prize for their efforts. The'
bag of oats will bear a silver plate
with the name of the donor and of
the lucky winner.
Garden crops can be made to suc
ceed even on the expose sand cliff
roils of the Oregon coast region. The
Yaquina Head lighthouse, authori
ties have grown splendid vegetables
this year, reports A. C. Ilouquet, pro
fessor of Vegetable gardening at the
College . Thty used the fertilizer
nitrate of soda 150 pounds, super
phosphate 300 pounds, and muriate
of potash 150 pounds, for one acre
recommended by the extension Ber
vice for those soils, and the insed
control methods of the station
cheesecloMi screens and corrosive
Ulblimat solution for control of root
Copper carbonate treatment for
control of smut on oats and barley
has not been found satisfactory In
other states trying it out. The hull
with which the surface of the ker
nel is covered prevents actual con
tact of the seed with I he dust.
Coolidge Will Not Recognize Soviet.
Washington, D. C The United
States government, under President
Coolidge as under President Harding,
will await evidence of the existence
of a government in Russia in accord
with American standards before
granting diplomatic recognition to
that country. This stand was an
nounced officially at the White House.
President Draws First Pay Check.
Washington. D. C President Cool
Idge drew his first pay check as pres
ident Saturday. It was $5833. 23 tor
2b days' service as president.
Read the home paper.
Wheat Hard white, $1.06; soft
white and western white, $1.05; bard
winter, $1.01; northern spring, $1.02;
western red, $1.01.
Hay Alfalfa, $16 ton; cheat, 1188
14; valley timothy, $18(fpl9; eastern
Oregon timothy, $".
Eggs- Ranch, 2S fi 32c.
Cheese Prices to jobbers, f. o. b
Tillamook; THpletB, 27c; longhorns
and loaf, 28c per lb.
Cattle Choice steers. $7l5f7r,ii;
medium to good steers, $G.507.
Hogs Prime light, $1010.25;
smooth heavy, $8.500.9.75.
Sheep East of mountain lambs.
$10j 10.75; choice valley lambs,
$1(J8 10.50. t
Wheat No. 1 hard white, $1.00;
No. 1 soft white, $1.06; No. 1 western
white, $1.06; No. 1 red winter. $1.03;
No. 1 western red, $1.03; No. 1 north
ern spring, $1.03; No. 1 blue-stem.
Eggs Ranch 34c.
Cattle-Prime light steers, $7i 7.75 ;
medium to good, $6 507.
Hogs Prime light, $9.60& 10.60;
smooth heavies, $8.CO9.60.
Cheese Washington cream brick
22 23c; Washington triplets, 22c;
Washington Young Am- a, 23c;
Tillamook triplets, f. o. b., 27c.
Washington hav growers
TO COMPLETE OIl(i AX17. i I'lOX
The figures submitted to the meet
ing of the Northwest Hay associa
tion in Yakima Saturday night, Aug.
25ih, seem to indicate that with the
present rate of progress the mem
bership campaign will be completed
easily before September 15th, ac
cording to L. A. Hunt.
Tin- new organization will have
75 per cent of the alfalfa hay in the
four alfalfa producing counties of
the state.and it is expected with this
tonnage that they will be able to
Stabilize market prices to a very con
Their plans for financing are much
nioie complete than that of the Ore
Many growers in the alfalfa pro
ducing sret ions of Umatilla county
are Continually asking how soon the
campaign will start in this state; i
but it is probable that this will not
be started until after the 15th of
The Board of Directors of tho Or-'
egon association are working on a
revision in their present plan of op
eration which will give Oregon
growers all the advantages available
under the new Washington plan.
Why Have Diphtheria?
By Frederick D. Strieker, M. D., Col-j
laborating Epidemiologist with
Oregon State Hoard of Health.
There was a time, not many years ;
ago when a case of diphtheria was
almost pathognomonic of death Its
elf. The fatal outcome was the,
more certain if the victim happened
to be a young child. The disease
ttas1 held in such abhorence that the
pronouncement of the diagnosis In
a home was sufficient to cause the
sudden collapse of anxious mothers. ;
About thirty years ago, as the re-'
suit of prolonged and tireless efforts j
on the part of scientific medicine,
providence rewarded their efforts
and a remedy for the dreaded mal
ady was perfected. The diphtheria
antitoxin was specific in its action,
and its remits o rlnin, provided the
clement of time was not overlooked.
As the result of this discovery the
death rate from diphtheria has been
reduced 85 per cent.
While we have had a specific rem
edy for the disease for about three
decades, not until tho last half dec
ade has there been available a pre
ventive for the disease that is Just 1
as specific as the curative agent. Toxin-antitoxin
eOUSly in three doses of one c. c. I
each at seven day intervals will pro- 1
tect an individual against the con-
traction of the disease. The use of!
the toxin-ant Itoxln causes no illness
The younger the Individual the less
severe the reaction.
Children are more susceptible to
the disease and to Its fatal results
than adults. Sixty-four per cent of.
all the deaths from the disease In
Oregon occur before thefiflh year.
The time to administer the toxin-1
antitoxin is early; in the second six
six months of age. If every child
was given toxin-ant lloxin before the
eighteenth month, practically all the
diphtheria cases and deaths could
be tlimlnaied. About seventy live
per cent of all children in the grades
at school are susceptible to the dis
ease. With the opening of schools
there comes increased contacts and
incrtased probabilities of the disease
being contracted. Why run the risk
of having the school year Interrupte d,
sickness, unnecessary expense, grief
and possibly death? You are re
sponsible for your child's life. Are
you going to juggle that responsibil
ity and jeopardize- a life ?
Hoard man Needs Stockyards
Jess Lower shipped a carleiad of
cattle to The Dalles last week. It
is the first carload off the project.
As the re' is no place to load stock
here he drove thorn to Castle and
there Isn't much more there. Jess
hopes the next carload he has will
find stockyards at Hoanlman, so he
won't have to call all the men off
the state highway work to help put
his bovlnes aboard the cars.
A. T. Herelm was a visitor at Pen-'
MAJ. MAX C. TYLER
Maj. Max C. Tyler of the Army En
gineer corps, who has been In charge
of the Washington engineering distriot
for the iast six years, has been or
dered to duty at Florence Ala.. In
connection with the development of
the government Muscle Shoals project.
The' alumni ot the' Boardman high
SChOOol bad a wry pleasant reunion
on Monday evening at the- green
heiuso. All the graduates who are
bore attended ami enioysd a toast
Indeed they roasted wienies, toasted
marshmallows, ate melons to reple
tion, played games ami bad a jolly
time in general. Each alumnus was
U IfHflg Od to ask a guest. Those
Bellfl Packard, Edna Brotles, Ethel
BrOyiOS, Dorothy Boardman, Doris
Healy, Howard Packard, Arthur Al
len, Lauren Cummins, Opal Wag
'ner, Paul Hatch and Carl Marly.
Mr. Mulkey chaperoniel.
Loganberry vines are ; n 1 1 gener
ally ' trained to a wire trellis in ail
districts. Posts seven feet long are
sit 2 to 2V4 feet deep In the rows 30
fe'e't apart. Eithe r two or throe No.
12 or 14 wires are used. In the
three-Wire trellis the' wires are run
at about the 2 or 3 foot and the 5
foot levels. Tho lower wire is loo
low to hold the fruiting wood, but Is
useful In k' oping the' cane1 bases In
Qrapes in Oregon must be pioked
when entirely dry, as these' pioked
leiist will dtvelOP decay In a short
time'. Tho best lime is in the! boat
Of I be' day. Crapes handle! more'
easily when the ste-ms arc slightly
wilted, as is most likely to be the
condition When transpiration is ieiest
BRIEF GENERAL MEWS
Construction work on tho Hood
River While' Salmon Columbia river
bridge' be gan Wednesday,
Princess Anastasla, wife of Prince
Christopher of Greece and formerly
Mrs. William B. Ee-eAs, wldeiw of the
American tiu plate magnate, died in
he r London heme.
People eif south Dakota saved be
tween 1600,000 and $800,000 during
the- month eif August em the-lr gasoline
bills as a result eif the' price war start
ed by (leiverneir McMnster.
The first of the special 2-e-ent
stamps StrUCM off by the pout off lee
department as a memorial to Presi
dent Harding were placed em sale In
Marion, Ohio, Mr. Harding's home
An effort to reinstate a constitu
tional amendment that would emtlaw
private; and parochial schools in Mich
igan fallnd. Secretary eif State- Deland
sunouncod after cbeoktng ove;r peti
tions filed at his office. The petitions
carried Bt,tM names, Whereas fiX,3U7
AetSMl cemstrue:tlein of the Natrein
e uteiff, freim Kirk to OekriaaJJ, Or.,
was begun when John Hampshire,
ceintracteir of Grants Pads, Or., under
teiok the Initial work eif cleaning, grub
bing ane' grading for this line north
from Kirk, It was announced by the
Southern Pacific company.
The Boa rd man school opens Mon
day, Sept. 10th The following are
the teachers employed for the ensu
Primary Miss Barbara Hlxson.
Third and Fourth Miss Juunl'a
Fifth and SlxthMIss Louise Sears,
Seventh and Eighth Mrs. Ethel
Manual Training J. H. driggs.
Domestic Art Miss Jennie Mar
vin. Mathematics and English Mrs.
' tly Crowdsr,
Principal p. j. Mulkey.
All the teachers have- been trn'" 1
for their respective work. Of ih.'
rew teachers. Misses Hlxson and
Wolfe arc from the' Monmouth Nor-
i in 1 . Miss Sears from Bellingham
Normal, and Miss Marvin i nil Mr.
OriggS from the O.A.C. PTIss Wolfe
will also have' charge' of the' Veical
School children shottld ilftug
lunches from home' until cafeteria
Is opened, which ' Ml be done' as
quickly as arrangements can be
All who have books feir sale that are
;n .-iiiiei condition should bring them
Monday. High schoeil students, es-
i' hilly, should bring old books, so
classes can be organizes! as eiulckly
Mr. Maeombef Is getting the' school
building "Spick and span" for the
opening, and we trust that pupils,
tsacbers, and patrons will all help
to keep it neat.
Tbe- teachers eeittage' is also being
put in readiness for the four (; I
e rs who will occupy It . Miss a
HiXSOn, Wolfe', Sears anel Marvin are
planning on making It their home
'lining the school year.
Dairy Herdsmen Register
The' first application tor re-glstry
in the dairy herdsmen's course at
O.A.C. has been reeelve-d from Chas.
E. Reynolds, a former student now
living at Los Angeles. Tho pur
DOSe eif the' course- is to eiualify men
for management anel care of the
iiiil for most effective' production
ami breeding, it is strictly limited
ii fewer than a dosen students to al
low practice work with the college
he'rds, anel extends from January 2
'o July 12. Early registration Is the
einly safe' way to Insure a place In
Potato Mosaic Studied
Plans for Ktuely of potato meisalc,
a disease of great severity In many
parts of the country now making
lieeavv inroads Into Ore gon, have- been
made by Dr. (i. K K. Link of the
federal depart mee'iit of agriculture,
and the O.A.C. experiment station
through lis department of plant path
ology. Inve st igat 'oils will be In
ehaigi' eif M. B. McKay, peitato elis
oaie specialist at the college.
Leslie Packard and Chas. Barnes
returned the first of the wi'e-k from
a Week's hunting Dear Pilot Rock.
While in Pilot Rock they we-ree guests
of Mr. anel Mrs. City Lee.
how good a cigarette
really can be madi
you must try a-
Let us print those butter wrappers.