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About The daily morning Astorian. (Astoria, Or.) 1883-1899 | View This Issue
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WEDNESDAY .IIOVEMKKU 21, 1SS3
A FEW OIUECTJOXS.
Thebe is an earnest and prais
ivorthy effort now making to revive
the bnilding of ships in this conn
try, and replace the American ma
rine in the proud position it once
held in the carrying trade of the
world. The movement is to be en
couraged, but there are groat- almost
insuperable obstacles in the way.
In the first place it costs, at pres
ent, on au average, $10 to $15 per
Ion more to build an iron sailing ves
sel, and from 23 to $35 per ton more
to build an iron steamship, in the
United states than it costs on the
Clyde. Let us suppose that this
difference vere extinguished, either
by admitting all the materials requir
ed for shipbuilding free of duty, or
by giving our shipowners the right to
purchase ships built abroad, or by
the joint operation of both remedies.
Could -we afford to use these cheap
ships after we Lad got them? That
is a question which gave a great deal
of troublo to the select coinnutte ap
pointed some time ago by both houses
of congress to investigate the causes
of the decline of our foreign carrying
It ie certain that without material
changes in existing laws a cheap ship
would be a cheap elephant, for the
simple reason that it costs us more to
maintain and sail vessels than it costs
our competitors. This is conclusively
established by the Tact that, although
for some ten years we have been able
io build wooden sailing vessels about
as cheaply as they can be built any
where, yet there has been, during the
same period, a steady diminution in
the tonnage even in our wooden sail
iug ships employed in foreign com
merce. More I nan naif oi our ex
ports and imports are still trans
ported by stilling vessels, yet only a
third of this half is conveyed under
the American llag. The carrying
trade of Ivorway, which has so sig
nally increased during the last twenty
years, has been built up at our ex
pense; yot the Norwegian merchant
navy is almost exclusively composed
of wooden vessels. If there were not,
in oilier words, an iron ship or steam
ship in existence, it would still be im
possible for us, without more exten
sire changes in our maritime legisla
tion than those which merely affect
the first cost of vessels, to hold our
tivrti against our rivals on the ocean
How. Uien, it may le asked, did our
shipping interest happen to be so
proserous in the decade preceding
the civil war, when iron had not
superseded wood to any large extent
in t he construction of hulls, and when
steam had not as yet been generally
applied to the movements of freight
as well as passengers? Our wooden
sailing vessels coidd then be operated
at a profit, whereas our vessels of the
same material and motive power must
now be worked at a loss, because they
were free from the disabilities rcla
tivoly to their competitors against
which our ship-owners now contend
in vain. It is not that we have im
Tjosed new and grievous burdens on
ooeen navigation we have done
nothing caccpt to levy duties on ma
ierinls and prohibit the purchase of
foreign vessels, restrictions which
boar only on the cost of construction
and ronair- -but that we should have
neglected io keep pace with our com
petitors in discarding antiquated.
vexatious and oppressive regulations
which press with an intolerable
weight upon the shipping interest.
la a word, it is not so much what we
hsre done as what we have left un
dose. Up to 1S51 the English stat
ulss rotating to shipping wore sub
stantially the same as ours. From
that day to this little or no change
has been made in our navigation
Inws, which remain as they were orig
inally rramea more man eighty years
ago. On the other hand, Great Brit
ain, our chief rival for the ocean car
mug trade, began in 1854 a process
of revision which has steadily gone on.
and whose purpose has been the re
movalof all legislative obstructions
to the investment of capital in ship
ping and the expansion of British
trade. The result of this action
the part of the British parliament,
coupled with the complete differ
ence of our congress to the subjec
is that the American ship-owner can
no more vie with his British competi
tor than a mediaeval champion, load
od down with his suit of chain armor.
could run a race with a modern ath
lotc stripped for the contest.
Among the old laws enacted when
the conditions of navigation were
widely different from what they are
at present, but which still press like
an incubus on our merchant navy,
the .regulation compelling the pay
ment of three months' wages to every
seaman diecharged from an American
vessel by a United States Consul in
foreign port. The grievance consists
not onlj' in the large amount of money
extorted from our ship-owners, but
the premium o'ffered for neglect
duty and infraction of discipline
the part of a ship's company, and
the delays and contentions arising
from the proceedings before consular
officers. No other country now sub
jects its mercantile marine to such
burden, and the imposition of it up
on ours as -tantamount to a serious
discrimination against American ves
sels. Another law upon our statute
books allows American sailors not
more than $10 for convevinir a
wrecked, disabled or destitute Ameri
can sailor from a foreign port to the
United States. It is plain that when
ever the voyage exceeds a moderate
number of days this regulation en
tails no insignificant loss upon the
vessel. Again, our statutes require
that not only the master, or captain,
but also all other officers of an Amer
ican vessel, shall, tinder all circum
stances, be citizens of the United
States. So far as the rule applies to
Uie master, it is judicious enough;
but it involves annoyance, delay, and
expense wnen one or the mates cues
or is disabled, and it becomes neces
sary to fill his place in a foreign port
Another law which Discriminates
against our own vessels in favor of
their foreign rivals is that which lev
ies a tax of forty cents a month on
each seaman employed in an Ameri
can vessel for the support of our ma
rine hospital service. This of course
gives an advantage to English ships,
hich are not required to pay a hos
pital tax. Under our laws, moreover.
consular officers are paid out of the
funds derived from fees ei acted fioai
American ships and merchants in for
eign ports. On the other hand, the
British consular service is mainly
supported by Parliamentary appro
priations, and the charges imposed
by consuls on English vessels are
very'smalL It is also to be noted
that while our laws authorize the im
porraiion, duty free, of the materials
needed for the repair of vessels en
gaged in the foreign carrying trade,
they make no provisions for a simi
lar rebate of duty on ships' supplies
as do the English laws. Another
of our existing regulations which
must tend to deter American capital
ists from investing in vessels, is the
law making the liability of a part
owner unlimited. On the other hand
the present English law encourages
investments in shipping by limiting
the liability of a part owner to the
proportion of the debt that his indi
vidual share of the 'vessel bears to
The movement, if it call attention
to these evils and the subsequent
hamperniugot our American carrying
trade, will result in benefit, for in
this, as in other things, a fault that is
seen and noted is in a fairwav to
have its existence terminated.
A -BENEVOLENT MONOPOLY."
The San Francisco papers in very
plain English denounce the action of
the Topcha railroad managers as a
swindle. This is a grievous charge.
A recital of the charges indicate, in
brief, that John Muir, on behalf of
the Northern Pacific railroad assured
the San Francisco merchants that it
was tho intention of liis company to
compete with the Central Pacific for
California trade; that if they would
pledge themselves to make no
"special contracts'' with, the C. P.
and give tho N. P. a share of the busi
ness, the N. P. would "standby them"
when the C. P. began crowding and
menacing the merchants of San Fran
cisco, it is further charged that John
tnir telegraphed encouragement to
the merchants to stand firm, and that
competition would result in cheaper
freights to tho San Francisco mer
Upon the heels of this came a dis
patch making the authentic an
nouncementthat the Northern Pacific
Railroad company had agreed not
to meddle with the Central Pacific's
San Francisco trade, the latter com
pany paying the N. P. five hundred
thousand dollars a 3ear.
The interesting question now arises
what is that half a million a year for?
Clearly as a division of swag. "You
lot me alone; Til let you alone." But
the worst remains. As feudal barons
of old divided their domains, so these
"managers" divide the territory; the
Central Pacific grabs the California
bone and growls over it; the N. P.
takes the iat and juicy northern
joint, enriched "with the sauce of
yearly half million. The C. P. tight
ens the cinch on the unfortunate
San Francisco merchant, and
says "Pll teach you to try and
break awav from me. See what
you've done now, you rebellions
scoundrel. You've made mo pay that
man Yillard half a million a year.
The joke of it is that it is not tho
Central Pacific that will lose this an
nual half million, but the patrons of
the road who will be obliged to jnal:
Matthew AexoiiD says that he
not favorably impressed with the
American newspaper. Matt has evi
dently not seen the Lewis -county
The Welcome is authority for the
statement that some time ago the
News was offered to the Oregonian
for $15,000 and refused.
Sheridan is repotted already dis
satisfied with his new position as
head of the army.
BenButleb spent $125,000 at the
last state election, and got an even
DAIRY FARM FOR SALE.
954 ACRES ON CLATSOP PLAINS
TTXO WN AS THE P. GEARHART FARM
.Ul together with thirty cows, seventeen
head of young cattle, one horse, one wagon
and other fanning implements.
This Is a rare chance lor anyone to secure
a gooa dairy or siock larm.
For nartlculars lnonire of
d-wtf J. W. GEAR HA UT
TWO NiCHTS ONLY.
3IOXDAY. Xnvrmbcr 13th,
TAKEN FROM LIFE.
TUESDAY. Xorcnibrr UOth.
TICKET OF LEAVE MAN.
Tuo Great Companies Cono!ldutrrt!
Tha European Company
After an extended tour through England.
Ireland and M-otland, having jus" returned
and consolidated with MIL 111 A 18 AMER
ICAN Company, will travel during the
sea-ons r 1SS3-4. supporting
Appearli.? h a carefully arranged
Wmnlnir suDrine reootntlUon by seven
seasons of err, elrcnmsitcciion and dili
nessrveu rwai at hip tiow r avciiy
Store. Priw as usual.
SELECT MASQUERADE BALL.
ifth Aniyia! Masquerade Ball.
Tlmrartay Evening. 3sov. JMMIi.
At tlie Skating Eink.
Cunt. Geo. Flavcl. Hon. W'm. Cliawce
l. j:. k.
linn. A. .1. Meglur,
Hon. John Hah
MA JfA O KM KXT COM MITTKK.
X. Oilnton. F. E. Tarker.
II. Stockton, F. C. Ulake.
. JtHCKITIOX COMJ1ITTKK.
MHMllEilS OF THE TROUPE.
XXVKSTIOATINa COM1I ITTKK.
C. 11. Stockton, J. VV. Hnrf.
.1. w. lsrown.
F. L. Parker. Jf. Clinton.
I. Hepburn, J. l. liar-.
A. A. UlCrClOHU.
Srlrr of Admission
Iidy Maskers. -
ient Jii.isKers. -
ady Spectators. -
Gent Spectators, -
Tickets may he procured of members of
Maskers' Tickets can be nrocured only at
the store of F. 1. Parker.
Two elesant nrizes will ue awarded to best
sustained lady and gentleman character.
BAHKiilQ AND INSURANCE.
AjSTOUIA, - - - OREGON
FKOM 0 O'CLOCK A. M. UNTIL 3
O'CLOCK P. 51.
J. F. ilUt3HTON
.. . .President
-Agent for 0on
CHAS. R. iTOUV...
Gko. L. Sto:iv .
Capital OHld up U. S. goM
coin .... wo wj w
I. XT. CASE, Agent,
Clicn&ijms st roet. Astoria. Orejm -
LIVERPOOL AD LO'OS AND
NORTH RR1TISII AND MK11CAN-
TILE OF LONDON AND
OLD CONNECTICUT OF UA11T-
COMMERCIAL OF CALIFORNIA
FIRE INSURANCE COMPANIES
Kcjirtstntin? a c?iital or SO7.O00.O0tt.
-V. VAN DUSEN, AtJOUt.
IMPOKTEK AND WlIOLKSAl.E AH U HX-
TAIL bSALHR IN
bonier Cho.uamus and Cass streta.
AS1YR1A - - - OREGON
G. A. STINS0N & CO.,
At Capt. Ropers old sUuid, corner oi Cass
ana uourt btreets.
Ship and Cannery work. Horseshoeing.
Waeons mide and repaired. Good work
FURNISHED ROOMS TO LET.
AT MPiS. GEO. niLLER'S, NEXT DOOR
to Wcsion Ilote.
rflllE ItEGDLAR ANNUAL MEETING OF
JL thestockholdersof thp l-thl;ui Landand
Building Association will be held In Pythian
Castle, on edncsday December 5th 18S3.
immediately after the adjournment of Astor
Louse 2o. 6, Iw of P., for tne election of offi
cers for thecnsulngycar.and the transaction
of such other business as may come before
E. A. NOYES Secretary,
Astona, Nov. o, 1833. dtd
FURNISHED ROOMS TO LET
By tho Xlght. Day, Week or Month ,
"VVITII OR WITHOUT BOARD,
With use of Tarlor, Library and all the com
forts of a home. Terms reasonable.
MRS. E. C. TIOLDEN,
Cor. Main and Jefferson Sts.
NOTICE IS HEREBY GIVEN THAT TIDZ
partnership heretofore existing between
the undeistgned, in the blacksmith business
under the firm name of Merrill and M:re-
gor. In the city of. Astoria, Oregon, 1$ this
uay uissoivea o mutual consent, All ac
counts due the firm arc to bn mid m v. s
Merrill, and the said Merrill will pay all
ucuio douiuk tui: iwi linn.
. W. F. MCGREGOR.
Astoria, Nov, 16th, 3883. - 17-lwk
Notice of Dissolution.
NOTICE IS HEREBY GIVEN THAT THE
partnership heretofore existing between
Jtudolph Barth and Michael Mcyew has been
this day dissolved by mutual consent. Mr.
uann wm continue the business In his own
name and on Ids own account and will pay
ad debts and collect all accounts and notes
due the firm.
, J MICHAEL MEYER.
, Astoria, Nov. 2d, 18S3, d-SOd
II 6 W SfOfBn
Has oj-wn-d tt
Velocipedes, Boiler Skates, Jewelry,
Silver and Plated Ware,
Baby Carriages.. Bird Cages, Japanese -Saods. Accordeons. Violins.
Sheet Music. Stationery. Culler?, Notions, and other
Novelties too numerous to nientisn.
"Only one nrice for all" Ssr vatcii-nl. and wo arc wiltine to "stand or fall' bv
Our Record. 'Honesty H the host ii-l:!j , awl
Owing touur large iiHrroWv of ltitne.v e
quarters. We invite the jwlihc to give us x call
K misrepresented, as .ve ikk great pioa-Jitre in stiuH-ing OMrf-iHHw.
WV make a jtpeoiaUy or
Baby Carriages, Accordeons.
A complete Hue of li2i!AV ;ooS imsHrimtseil anywhere A'lfle oiencd
shortly, our pruns (iciy eimrtHK it. i :tu
Fine Goods Reduced Prices
Ladies desirous of proem'ing Goods
nneaualed in Sfcyle and Pinisli will
take pleasure in examining our
BILKS5 SATINS and DEESS 600DE
GISTS' FUBUISHiMG SEPAETMENT,
Sverytliing is Complete
and of the best.
AND DEALER 12?
Carpets, Oil Cloth,
Window Shades, Lacs Curtains,
WINDOW COKNICES AND CCJP-TATN I'OLES
siiHe iu every branch.
TJnion India Rubber Co's
lure Tara Gum
HEWAKS OF IMITATIONS !
Re sure the Roots are stamped CllAC'X
PROOF on the heels, and have the PUIiU
GUM SPRIXQS on the toot and instep,
which prevent their cracking or brenktnp.
We are now matins them with liUIiDEi:
AND ASBESTOS Soles which will make
them last mora than twice as long as any
Rubber boots made.
FOR SALE BY ALL DEALERS.
ALL KIXDS RUBBER BELTING. PACK
ING. HOSE. SPRINGS. CLOTHING,
BOOTS AND SHOES. Etc
COODYEAR RUBBER CO.
R. H. PEASU. Jr. I Agents.
S. M. BONYON, San Eranclsco.
BUY TEE BEST !
Salmon ifet Threads
Woodberry, and Needle Brands,
CORK AND LEAD LINES,
Fish Pounds, Seines, and Xets
Imported to Order! A
Large Mof Mi, MLiies
AND FISH HOOKS.
CONSTANTLY ON HAND.
HENRY DOYLE & CO., "
517 and 519, MARKET STREET
ESTABents for the Pacific Coast.
NOTICE IS HEREBY GIVEX TIIATTIIE
undersigned bas been appointed the as
signee of tbe firm of A. 3L Johnson and Co.
and all persons having claims against said
firm are notified to present tbe same duly
verified to me at my office lu Astoria. Ore
gon, within three months from this date,
October 17th, 1883.
d-K A. W. BERRY,
)HiUlic a lull 1ih of
flwit actiom rr a jpniniatpe for our
Iniv- ll to it"?n in morn coinmodloiu
and ThHS satisfy tliomrtvs tWt nothing
ail kinds of Reading Matter.
ami oe enuvmceti.
g!J 53 lulu s S
' ' i
H ISfivPifv fftrp
I. X. L. Store,
Wall Paper, Mirrors
Picture Frames and "auld!ncj3
Hardware ani Ship Glanilsri
A. VAN DUSEH & 00..
Hardware and Ship Chandlery
Pure Oil, Bright Varnish,
Binnacle Oil, Cotton Canvas,
Hemp Sail Twine.
Cotton Sail Twine.
Wrought Iron Spikes,
Galvanized Cut Nails.
l'uiuts nml Oils, Groceries, etc.
Wiimerding & Co., San Francisco.
Loeb & Co., Agents, Astoria,
TF.Il apply to lhr Captain, or to E. I. Parker.
a B9 a rcx? as eaaaa ja
X,2?S" SOOEL STOH.E.
1IAVF. J1TST KF.CKSVKI A HIJOIOTH STOCK OF BOOKS.
Tlie young and old, rich and
Agents for the Kranich & Bach
Western Cottage Organs.
Orders fur ail kiml of .Music or Instruiih-nts will be promptly filled.
B. F. SITTVEWS & CO.,
City Book Store.
iSLCiiE?SOR TO JACKINS & MONTGOMERY.)
PLUMBING, GAS FITTING, AND GANNERY WORK
Attended to Promptly on Reasonable Terms.
CSZESASIL'S STREKT, Tlcr.t to C Parker's Store.
THE NEW MODEL
A rULI. STOCK ALWAYS ON HAND.
Two doors east oi Occident Hotel.
jr. OT.SKX. J. GUSTAFSOX. A.JOUXSOX.
MARTIN OLSEN & CO.
DE.VLERS IN j
FTJRNITTTKB 25 BEDDING.
Corner jlain anil (juemoqua Streets. Astoria, Oregon.
WINDOW SHADES AND TRIMMINGS; WALL PAPER' ETC
A Complete Sloclf.
PRICES AS CHEAP AS QUALITY WILL AFFORD.
AX.I. KEOS OP FIKKITUKE 5iEPAIREi AKD VAXKISIEEIK
ERMAKEA BEER HALL
BOTTLE BEEB DEPOT.
Chctauus Steeet. Astoeu,
The Best of liagev 5 Cts. a Glass
Orders for the
Geleoratefl ColnMa Brewery
Left at this place will be promptly attend
J5?Noeheap San Francisco Beer sold at
WM. BOCK. Proprietor
J. EL D. GRAY,
Wholesale and retail dealer in.
GROCERIES, FLOUR, AH D FEED
Hay, Oats, Straw, Wood, Etc,
LIME, SAND, AND CEMENT.
General storage and Wharfage on reason
able terras. Foot ot Benton street. Astoria
Eiujenz 0. Bock, Master.
or.ro WING, FREIGHT orCHAR-
11. IS. PARKER.
mhi w wi vb
poor can all be accommodated.
and Mandsfeldt & Notni Pianos and
Tin, Sheet iron and Copper Ware.
A General Assortment of
Magee Stoves and Ranges
The Best in the market.
1'iumblng goods of all kinds on band. Jotv
vrork done in a workmanlike manner.
Have a Full Line of
and kwim Sts.,
RANGE CAN BE HAD IN AS
TORIA ONLY OP
CALL AND EXAMINE IT, YOD
WILL BE PLEASED.
E. R. HAWE3 is also agent for the-
Bncl patent Ontiir Ste
And other flrst-class stores.
Furnace Work, Steam FIt
laKs. oto., a specialty.
A. 3L JOHNSON.
Astoria Sail Loft.
SAILS, TENTS, AWNINGS.
And everytliinKcIse pertaining to onr
Lowes tPrice and Best "Work
For your Money,
At the Old Stand .
Leave your orders and get your work
done at once.
J. HESS & CO.