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About The Daily Astorian. (Astoria, Or.) 1876-1883 | View Entire Issue (Sept. 19, 1883)
Astoria, Oregon, Wednesday Morning, September 19, 1883.
THE ISLAND OP JAVA.
The southernmost portion of
Asia runs out from Siam into a
peninsula called Malacca. To the
southeast lie the islands which to
gether form that division ol Oce
anica known as IMalaysia. Those
nearest to the island of Malacca
are oalled the Sunda islands, and
together contain between eight'
and ninety volcanoes. The princi
pal islands of the Sunda group are
Borneo, Sumatra and Java. Bor
neo is the largest island on the
globe except Australia. It is
more than three times as large as
Great Britain, but so much of it is
low marshy ground, liable to inun
dation, and the interior is so
covered with dense jungle, that it
has not invited settlers to any
large extent, and the population is
not more than about two millions,
and mostly half civilized peo
ple. Sumatra lies nearest to Ma
lacca, and the strait that runs be
tween them (straits of Malacca)
connects the Indian Ocean and the
China sea. It is 520 miles long,
and from 25 miles (opposite Nail
ing) to 200 miles broad. Sumatra
is about 1,000 miles in length,
running east and west, and its
greatest breadth is 2-10 miles. It
has several volcanoes which rise
from 7,000 to 11,000 ieet above
the level of the sea. But the
greatest volcanic island of the
Malaj'sian group lies almost due
east of Sumatra, and is just now
an object of great interest all over
the world the island of Java.
There are about five volcanoes
on this island, which is C30 miles
long by 35 to 320 miles broad.
Earthquake shocks are frequent
and volcanic eruptions have from
time to time spread death and
disaster around. In 1822 an erup
tion at Mount Galung-g-ung de
stroyedll'i villages and 4,000 peo
pie. In 1813 Mount Guntur
threw out sand and ashes day
and night, covering plantations
and villages, and causing an awful
destruction of human life. In
1SG7 earthquake shocks rocked
and rent the island, and in the
town of Jokjokarba alone thous
nnds of lives were lost. In 1S7S
and 1879 there were destructive
earthquakes. All the legends of
the natives are of terrible disasters
occasioned by eruptions of some
of the volcanoes. On the eastern
end of the island, toward the
strait of Ball, there is an extinct
volcano, the crater of which forms
a valley half a mile round. It is
called the Vale of Poison. Birds
flying over it drop dead, and noth
ing can pass through it and live
The natives believe it to be the
abode of evil spirits. It is a vent
for the deadly gases generated by
the creat fires which smoulder
and burn beneath the surface all
over tno island. Jot a very
pleasant place of abode, one would
say, this island of Java.
And yet it contains a larger
population than all the other
islands of the Malaysian group put
together. The great island of
Borneo contains onlv a little more
than two millions of people, and
has no volcanoes. Sumatra is
much larger than Java, and has
only two volcanoes and not more
than five millions of inhabitants.
Java, third in size of the Malaysian"
group, is G22 miles long, 121 miles
broad, and in 1S71 contained over
nineteen millions of people, of
these 1S,S24:,574: were Malay3,200,-
303 Chinese, 9,010 Arabs and
others, and 29.99S Europeans. It
is the point from which the ;Dutch
government rules all its eastern
dependencies, and it is governed
by a Regent who resides at the
capital, Batavia, a town of import
ance on the northwestern shore ot
the island. Divided into twenty
four Residencies, with a governor
and inferior officers administering
the laws in each, and including
the bland of Madura, the island of
Java is the most valuable of all
the Dutch dependencies in the
east, and in the production of
c sugar, coffee, rice, tea and bam
boo, the manufacture of paper and
v tke various Icinds of carved wood
workj in fishing and the -shipping
trade, the immense population find
The last and most fearful erup
tion which has wrought such de
struction, occurred on the extreme
western end of the island, where
the Strait of Sunda rolls sixty
miles in width between Java and
Sumatra. The location of the
volcanoes which have worked such
awful havoc is the province of
Bantam, which is awaj' up in the
west corner. The southern por
tion of the coast, which borders
ths strait, is high and rocky, as
cending through the forests of the
interior toward the loftiest sum
mits where the fires of the great
volcanoes Papandayang and Gun
ung Karang burn continually.
Toward the north there are wide
plains terminating in extensive
marshes which are washed by the
waters of the strait. On these
plains were many villages, and
here was the city of Bantam, for
merly the capital of the province,
populous and thriving, but some
years ago deserted for the safer
and healthier location of Serang,
where a large trade is carried on.
It is the low land of the province
of Bantam which has been covered
many feet deep by the ashes from
the volcanoes, and it was along its
coast that rivers of boiling lava
flowed into the strait. In the
widest part it is only ninety miles
across the strait, and it is only
about sixty miles between the two
islands. The depth of water was
nowhere greater than forty fath
oms, and the small islands and
rocky islets were numerous. In
the strait voloanic eruptions took
place, and the water boiled and
surged as the rocky bottom was
rent and torn by their forces.
The route from England and
the United States to Canton, Hong
Kong, and Japan was through the
Strait of Sunda, and, now that the
islands which were there have dis
appeared, and new ones have
arisen from the sea, while the
depth of water is no longer known
at any point, the trade will all
have to ro over the old route
around Sumatra and through the
Straits of Malacca. All the trade
between this country :and the var
ious ports among the Phillipine
and Spice Islands, as well as the
great China trade, will be diverted
from the old course until the Strait
of Sunda, transformed by. the re
cent convulsions, can be sounded
and the charts corrected. The
Dutch government will not delay
this work, and the new charts will
soon be in readiness.
There is reason to believe
that the loss of life will lie over
rather than under 40,000, though
of course the. exact number can
never be known. The Batavian
province and the capital lie north
of Bantam, and are separated
therefrom by a range of mountains
which runs the whole length of the
island. These mountains havo
been shaken, and some portions
of them have disappeared. In a
part, at least, of the Batavian
Residency there has been wide
spread destruction; and while the
Bantam district is not so densely
populated, nevertheless in con
tained many villages of from 5,000
to 10,000 inhabitants which have
been completely wiped out of ex
istence. There, were days and
nights of awful terror and confu
sion, when thousands were tryiiig
in vain to hide from the rain of
fire and the lava streams. The
earth opened and swallowed them
up, great waves of the sea over
whelmed them, the sulphurous air
was thick with fiery ashes, and the
thick darkness was rent by light
ning, while thunder rolled and the
mountains groaued and rumbled,
and frightful explosions made
deafening reports. "We may try
to picture how hundreds of thous
ands of people, panic stricken, ran
to and fro, and prayed and cried
for help parents seeking to save
their children, husbands their
wives, children their-parents. But
imagination could not picture the
horrors of such a dreadful scene as
that which was lately witnessed on
the eastern shores of the Sunda
Strait, when tens of thousands of
men, women, and children were
destroyed, and many million tons
of ashes and kiva were thrown
from the mountains upon the
plains and into the sea.
The Chinese and Japanese ex
hibits at the International Fish
eries exhibition must . be novel
and striking. An article in AV
ture calls attention to the extra
ordinary ingenuity displayed in j
utilizing the ordinary ana un
promising objects for the purpose
of fishing. Thus in Swatow they
employ a boat drawing a few
inches of water, the rail nearly
level with the surface. A narrow
plank fixed along - one side is
painted white, and the light
of the moon falling on it
causes the fish to mistake it
for water. They jump over the
plank into the boat, when they
get entangled in. moss or grass.
At Ichauff, a wild animal, such as
the otter, is trained not to catch
fish, but to frighten them into the
net; while at Ningpo, cormorants
are regularly and systematically
trained to fish.
A curious war against wire
feuces has broken out in Texas.
Miles and miles of them have
been broken down and destroyed
leaving the stock to run at will.
The governor has been asked .b
the leading stockmen to call out
the militia, but he has refused,
and they have determined to take
the matter into their own hands.
Absolute. y Pure.
This powder never varies. A marvel o
purity, strength and wlnlesomeness. More
economical man me ortunary mims, ana
cannot lie sold in comnetltlon with the mul
titude of low test short weight, alum or
phosphate nowder& Sold onhfn emu. Rov
Baking Powder Co.. ioc Wall-st. N. Y.
A Dancing School
"Will be open every
PYTHIAN CASTLE HALL,
A, F. StAEF. Teacher.
Brass and string Hand Music furnished for
Excursions, Parades and Parties.
Lessons riven on the Violin. Apply at
the Furniture Store ot Ed. D. CURTIS &CO.
J. W. CASE,
IMPORTER AND WHOLESALE AND HE-
TAIL DBALER IN
'onifer Cheuomus and Caa streets.
THE LATEST STYLES
NEXT DOOR TO ASTOliTAN OFFICE.
A very large Stock from which to select.
Window cu rtalns made to ordr. .
IS'-My patent Trimmer to cut Wall Paper
nui um hiuuu wutciucui. iu my paiFOuS.
s & P .1
r" "vv . ui o .5
I lift Jl 1M
n i tn 2C -
. .'."Siasa s fl U .
LKMAN BEMtiil I.
Neuralgia, Sciatica, Lumbago,
Backache, Soreness of the Chest,
Gout, Quinsy, Sore throat, Swell
ings and Sprains, Burns and
Scalds, General Bodily
Tooth, Ear and -Headache, Frosted
Feet and Ears, and all other
Pains and Aches.
No Preparation on firth eqcals Sr. Jacobs On.
j & safe, sure, simple &nl cheap External
Bemody. A trial entails but the conparatlTely
tricing outlay cf 50 Cents, and every one tuffer
lng idth pain can bare cheap and podttro proof
of its claims
Directions in Eleven Languages.
A. VOGETTYBR & CO.,
Haltimqre, 33d., V. S. A.
There are conflicting accounts
of the presence of. yellow fever
and black vomit at Mazatlan and
Guaymas, Mexico; but the deputy
collector at Yuma has had direct
information of the death from
black vomit at Guaymas of a gen
tleman who just arrived there by
steamer from Mazatlan, and that
he intercepted a letter from a rail
road man, who runs to and from
Guaymas, stating that people are
dying about the place at the rate
of from three to six daily of what
some call vollow fever and others
Gkxts: About iilnc years nco I hnd n
child two years old ami almost dead. Tho
doctor I hid attending her could not tell
what ailed her. 1 asked him ir lie tliri i.ot
think it was worms. He said no. How
ever, this did not satisfy me. as I fit on
vlnccd in my own. mind that he hs.d. I
obtained a bottle of mi. C. McLANIZ'S
CELKIJKATKD YKUMIFUG Etgenuilie).
I cavo her a teaspoonful in the mo'nhic
and another atnlghtjaftenvhloh shei'cu-scventy-tw
worms and was n well -hld.
since men l nnvo never ucen wiinoui u
in my fiimily. The health of my.ch;l.;ieu
remained so pood that I had i: ult i-toi
watching their actions uuiti aijniu ii-ive
weeks ago, when two of them prei-t.-l
the same sickly appearance that Funny
did nine years ago. So I thought ii must
do worms, ami went to worn at once v. im
a bottle of DB. C. MoLAXE'S VKJtJII
FUGE between four of my children, their
ages being as follows: Alice, b yours; i har-ley.-tycars;
Emma,Oyears; Joim.li years.
Now comes the result: Alice and Iuuina
came out nil right,but Charley ikwkcU forty
live and Johnny about sixty worms. 7 he
days in showing the wonderful etTcct of
yo'ir Vermifuge around I'tien, ami now
huc the worms on exhibition in my store.
result was so xrauivim: mat i simmii two
Yours truly, JOHN PIPKit.
TS: ccnulne int. C BLANK'S YE1I-
MirUGK is manufactured only by
Fleming Bros., Pittsburgh, Pa.,
and bear the signatures of C. 3TcLnno
ami Flonilnc Itro. It is never made in
s-t. Is or Wheeling.
l ire you gel the genuine Price, 25
I'LKHIMG UROS., Pittsburgh, Pa.
J CELEBRATED Ij
In fever and Aguo districts, in tropical and
other regions visited by epidemics, and in
deed in all localities where the conditions aro
unfavorable to health, this famous vegetable
invigorant and alterative, tiostcttcr's Stom
ach bitters, has been found a potent safeguard
oven to fceblo constitutions and fracil frames,
while as a cure for indigestion, biliousness
and kindred complaints, h is without a rival.
For salo by all DrncjrisU and Dealers
ALL PERSONS are HEREBY
Not to Trespass upon the follow
ing described property, to wit:
The NW 1-4-of Sec. 28, T. 8 N.,
R. 8 W., Clatsop County, Oregon.
The said property being the property
of the undersigned.
' t -TELS AND RESTATJKANTS.
II, B. IAHIC ER. Prop.,
ASTORIA, - - - OREGON.
F P. PARKER, - Manager and Agent.
Al. CROSBY, - - Day Clerk
riiil. BOWKRS, - - Night Clerk,
.las. DUFFY has the Bar and Billiard room.
Pirst Class in all Respects.
FREE COACH TO TIIK HOUSE.
IT IS A JPAOT
JEFF'S CHOP HOUSE
Concomiy Street is the Best in
!I: lias AUrays on Hand FRESH
Shoal Water Bay and East
'JEFF" IS THE BOSS CATERER.
lie Iiaa been l'roprictor of the "Aarera
Hotel" In Knappten seven years.
OPEN DAY AND NIGHT.
Chop House and Restaurant.
OPEN DAY AND NIGHT.
3Icul.s 5 ccxitH and upwards.
wGL 3K 33
Hay Oats, Straw.
Lime, Brick, Cement and Sand
VTooil Delivered to Order,
Drnying, Teaming and Express Business.
Horses ana Carriages for Hire.
WINES, LIQUORS AND CIGARS.
ALL MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS
SPREADS AND STOOLS
Piano, and Organ Instructors.
STEGK & KNABE PIA1S !
-President of United States"
'Governor of Oregon."
And otlmr prominent persons. .Tianos and
Organs of many leading- makes,
wholesale and retail,
CELEBRATED TABER ORGANS.
Largest House on This Coast.
Instruments of All Kinds Tuned
165 First St.. Portland, Oregon.
A. . Alien,
Wholesale mid retail dealer lu
Glass and .Plated Ware,
rttonOAL AN'D DOMESTIC
FRUITS AND VEGETABLES.
SEAT, CHEAP AND QUICK. BY
Slain Street, opposite N. Loeb'j.
HIRS. T. S. JEWETT,
(Successor to Mrs. E. S. "Warren.)
Dealer In Millinery and Fancy Goods.
Squemoqua street, next door to Odd Fellows
Doors, Windows, Blinds, Transoms, Lumber.
All kinds of
OAK LUMBER, J
Boat Material, Etc.
I Boats of aU Kinds Made to Order, j
-Orders txqm a distance promptly attended
S. AENDT & FERCHEN,
ASTORIA. - OREGON.
The Pioneer Machine Shop
All kinds of
Promptly attended to.
A specialty made of repairing
FOOT OF LAFAYETTE STREET.
ASTORIA IRON WORKS.
Bejttox Stkket, Neak Pabkkb House,
ASTORIA, - OREGON.
GENERAL MACHINISTS AND
BoilerWork, Steamboat Work
and Cannery Work a spe
cialty. CASTITQ-S ,
Of all Descriptions made to Order
at Short Notice.
A. D. "Was 8, Frosldent.
J. G. HcsTLEn, Secretary,
I. W. Cask, Treasurer.
LOEB & CO.,
AGENTS FOR THE
Best San Francisco Houses and
Tumblers Decanters, and All
Kinds of Saloon Supplies.
52PAll goods sold at San Francisco Prices.
Opposite Parker House, Astoria, Oregon.
BUY THE BEST!
Salmon Net Threads
Woodberry, and Needle Brands,
CORK MD LEAD LINES
FIsIl Pounds, Seines, and A'etH
Imported, to Order. A
Lapp Stockof Nettinj, HsILidbs
AND FISH HOOKS.
CONSTANTLY ON HAND.
HENRY DOYLE & CO.,
517 and 519, MARKET STREET
ZSTAgents for the Pacific Coast.
FOARD & STOKES,
WE HAVE OPENED AGAIN
In Hume' a Nqw Building,
And are Ready to Supply
.the Wants of Qur
A FULL STOCK
to, and satisfaction guaranteed In all cases
Attorney at Itair, and. Notary
Odd Fellows Building, Astoria, Oregon,
1 W. FUliTON,
ATTORNEY AT LAW.
Rooms 5 and C, Odd Fellows Building.
fa V. AXIiEX ,
FIRE INSURANCE C03EPANIES.
jg C. 1IOLDEM,
AUCTIONEER, COilMISSION AND IN
JAY TUTTLE. at, D.
PHYSICIAN AND SURGEON
Offick Rooms 1, 2, and 3. FythianBulld
ing. Residence Over J. E. Thomas' Drug
Q.EI4O J lMKKEIt,
Clntaep Comity, and. City of Astoria
Office :-Chenamu3street,"Y.M.C. A. hall
Room No. 8.
ASTORIA, - - - - OREGON."?
Rooms In Allen's building up staus7corner "'
t Cass and Sqemocqhe stret . .
J Q. A. BOWLBY,
ATTORNEY AT LAW,
Chenaraus treet, - - ASTORIA, OREGON
J J. JOXES,
Ship and Steamboat Joiner.
JJK. J. E. IFORCE,
Room 11, Odd Fellows Building, Astoria, Or.
Gas administered for rainless extraction
Q J. CUJtTIS,
ATT'Y AT LATV.
Notary Tublie. Commissioner of Deeds for
California, 2ew York and "Washington Ter
ritory. i;ooms 3 and 4, Odd Fellows Building, As
N. B. Claims at Washington. D. C. and
GEO. T. WIIEELEH.
W. L. ItOBB.
WHEELER & ROBB.
REAL ESTATE, INSURANCE, AND
Real Estate boutrht and sold on rnmmln.
Accounts adjusted and Bills collected.
Correspondence from abroad solicited.
JSgOlllce In Hume's new building, on Sque
moqua street, next door to Foard & Stokes.
GENERAL STEAMSHIP AGENCY.
Bills of Exchange on any
Part ol Europe.
T AM AGENT FOR TIE FOLLOWING
known ami commodious steamship
STATE LINE, RED STAR,
NATIONAL, and AMERICAN LINE.
Prepaid tickets to or from any European
For full information as to rates of fare,
sailing days, etc, apply to
I. W. CASE.
BOZORTH & JOHNS.
Real Estate and General Insurance
WE WRITE POLICIES IN THE WEST
ern. State Investment, Hamburg, Bre
men and North German Fire Insurance Com
panies, and represent the Travellers' Life
and Accident of Hartford, and the New
York Life, of N. Y.
We have the only complete set of township
maps in the county, and nave made arrange
ments to receive applications, filings, and
final pro'ofs on Homesteads, Preemptions,
Timber Lands, etc. having all the official
blanks therefor. Our maps can be exam
ined in the office, upon the payment of a
We also have for sale city property in As
toria and additions, and farms and tide land
property. Rents, and other -collections made, and
BOZORTH & JOHNS,