Image provided by: University of Oregon Libraries; Eugene, OR
About The Daily Astorian. (Astoria, Or.) 1876-1883 | View Entire Issue (May 22, 1879)
-vj' o,'iv & vp- jfw-; ?-' "-w-- "'"!?. """ H?-" """' "
jJ3S"",' ""'". 7 "
Its ttslu jstxrcfcm-
D. C. IRELAXI).
THURSDAY May 22, 1S7!.
Pacific Railroad Litigation.
The Central and Union Pacific rail
road cases, lat.-ly decided by the Su
preme Court of the United States, on
appeals from the District court of
California and the Court of claims,
which were argued together, involved
the constitionality of the so-called
Thurman act of May 7, 1878. The
object of that act was to secure thi
interest of the United Status in tlu
Union and Central Pacific railroad
companies, by providing that twenty
live per cent, of the annual net earn
ings of those roads, including the
whole of the compensation due them
for services rendered to the govern
ment, should be paid to the treasur
er of the United States, to be by him
applied, partly in payment of the ac
crued interest on the bonds issued by
the government to the two railroad
companies, and partly to the estab
lishment of a sinking fund for the final
payment of the bonded indebtedness
of the companies. The decree in the
first named case and the judgment on
the second are affirmed by the Su
preme Court, with costs. The decis
ion was announced by the Chief Jus
tice. No written opinion was render
ed, but it will be filed in due tune.
Under the terms of the Thurman bill,
the Central and Union Pacific rail
road companies are required to comply
with the spirit :is well as the language
of the laws under which the roads
were constructed. The bill defines the
term ''net earnings" to mean all earn
ings remaining after the actual annual
expenses of maintaining and operating
the road and the interest on the first
mortgage bonds are paid. The govern
ment is to retain all compensation due
the companies for government trans
portation, one-half to be used to liqui
date the interest paid by the United
States on bonds issued by it, and the
other half to be placed in a sinking
fund. Each year the Central and
Union Pacific companies must con
tribute to the sinking fund twenty
five per cent, of their net earnings.
The secretary of the treasury has au
thority to remit a portion of this an
nual contribution when he is satisfied
that the remaining seventy-five per
cent, of the net "earnings is not suffi
cient to "fenable the companies to pa'
the interest on their first mortgage
bonds. But no dividends can be paid
to stockholders when the companies
are in default to the sinking fund or
the interest on the first mortgage
bonds. Mr. Justice Field dissented
from the opinion of the court, and was
joined therein by Messrs. Justice
Bradley and Strong.
; ' Greenbacks by tHe Million.
The bill introduced in congress by
Mr. DelamatjT, of Indiana, for fund
ing municipal indebtedness in United
States paper money, authorizes the
secretary of the treasnr3T to extinguish
all city indebtedness by the issue of
greenbacks which greenbacks are to
be immediately used in payment of
such debt. Also, providing for green
back currency to the extent of 1,000,
000,000; and for the relief of financial
distress bT granting aid to certain
companies incorporated by state au
thorities for work of internal improv
ment. A variation of the 1,000,000,
000 bill. Also, providing for the pay
ment of interest on the public debt
and for funding said debt in the United
States paper money. His bill xrevides:
1. That the secretary of the treasury
be required to have prepared notes and
obligations of the United States to the
aggregate of $1,000,000,000. to be known
as "greenback cuirency," for general
circulation in amounts and form as the
bill provides, which notes or obligations
shall constitute a legal-tender lor all
debts, and receivable for all United
States government dues. These obli
gations shall be issued in notes of $5,
$10, $20, $100, $T;(K), $1,000, $5,000, and
$10,000 each in such relative proportions
as may be found necessary to meet the
requirements of the business wants of
the country. The secretary of the treas
ury is authorized to loan from such
greenback currency to corporations,
providing they file their bonds payable
fifty years from the date thereof, and
bearing no interest for five years from
.said date, but at the expiration of live
years the bonds shall bear interest at 3
per cent per annum legal-tender money,
the interest to be paid semi-annually.
2. It specifies the corporates which
shall have advantage of the loan; James
River and Canawna canal company,
600,000,000: Atlantic and Great Western
eanal company, 50.000,000: Florida
St Phil! cana?canv:lSo !
nrint i.minl nnmnnnl' ClOOllinnn. Wn.h
f, ;irnn,i i n,,nf k ,....f
mi i kuiiimiw n uMiimi iiiv tiiiivm wl
and Big Sandy railroad company, $.",
OOO.(MH): and Niagara ship eanaf com
Delamatyr is the very head and
front of the greenback element in
congress, and his bill is of course sup
posed to embody the correct financial
theories of the party. The quickest
way to thoroughly prick them and
show their fallacy is to let them bring
the bill squarely before congress for
debate. This will be far better for
the finalic'al interests of the country,
and for the welfare of the pa-ties op
posed to soft money, than to be con
tinually suppressing such bills mi tie
committee rooms. It is not probable
that the bill wil1 receive any consider
ation at the hands of congress, and
yet we wish it might, just to have the
subject matter thoroughly aired and
let the people see, by fair discussion,
what there is in such wild schemes as
Beer Drinkers Resolve.
The lager beer drinkers of New
Orleans do not ask for lower prices,
but they want more beer for their
monev. They lately held a public
meeting, and the demand for enlarged
beer glasses was made by many speak
ers. Mr. Einbercher said that the
cost of all the components of lager
beer had been brought; down to such a
low figure ihat drinkers, as American
freemen, were determined to have the
size of the glasses increased propor
tionately. Mr. Rosenberg argued
that, at a time when rich and poor felt
the business depression, 100 per cent,
profit on beer was too much. Mr. Bach
said: "Shentlemens I don't shpeak
if you don't call upon me, but dere
ought to be as much bule in de beer
glass ash deer ish in de barrel." Mr.
Schonberg advocated a size of glass
that would bring the profit down to
one cent on each filling. The follow
ing resolution was passed unanimously
by the COO veters: "That those pres
ent at this meeting organize themselves
into a society to ad vocatc an increase
in the size of beer glasses in New
Orleans. That we make this our
earnest appeal to the saloon keepers
to increase the size of glasses to such an
extent as to make it obtainable by all at
a fair price for fair measure." A pledge
to drink no more beer out of small
glasses was signed by 246 men.
The perfection of workmanship at
tained by American opticians in mak
ing telescopes and microscopes has
often won high praise from scientific
men both at home and abroad. In
186 L, European astronomers may be
said to have had their eyes opened by
Clarks discovery of a minute compan
ion to the brilliant Sirius with the
eighteen-inch object glass made for
the Chicago Observatory. The mon
ster telescopes of Herschel and Lord
Rosse, and the great achromatics in
the chief European observatories had
given no hint of this star's existance,
although there was mathematical
reasons for believing that Sirius had a
companion. Since its discovery this
delicate star has been seen with com
paratively small telescopes, and now
Mr. Jay Harcourt, of Wappinger's
Falls, announces to Admiral Rogers
that one fine night in April he saw
the companion of Sirius with a Bryne
telescope of only 4i inches aperture.
Several other persons saw the star,
and they certify to the correctness of
Lord Beaconsfield Photographed.
A new photograph of Lord Beacons
field has come out in London, with
the werds: "As he was taken by order
of Her Majesty," printed beneath.
His Lordship is still the aged "Vivian
Gray" remembered as yuing Ben
D'Israeli there is the same priggish
air, the same foreign-office-clerk de
meanor, the same cut clothes, the
same suggestion of flowered satin
waistcoat beneath the tightly buttoned
overcoat, the same door-knocker curl
upon the forehead but all so rumpled,
wrinkled, and limp that it would seem
as if the whole figure had been dragged
against the tide, so shrivelled, so elon
gated and weather stained, does it
the Mississippi with the Pacific (blank I ss narked PRPCo. Tne P.n cr w U
amount); Rock Island and Hennepin ! be m Hv jIv rewarded b tW P:,hi Rocs,
canal companv, si:$,000.000: Oswejio IVcUs", coirp. rv. .luUN KLEUXAN.
canal companv, ?2T.000.000: Lexington P'"fci-l-oi-k.M:iyS0, 1170.
T,?ST - Tn Jl M! S fefc
- - ""ii w ainoiiis u. in k ' " ."-; .,
TfcTTOaT.-0ntlienplitrf M.i . 0t , .
JLl lort c use lo Ss.'Ml Is' Mil. nljont GO f. -
onis vel. UarboiTS 12 pv t5re.id, fished u.-'i
par or 'as, season m:rcd K l5 .J;1
o-Vs and K : cie caN. T u funk" w ' be
re;y-ded by returning ii sure ; to tl
js.ora. Orp-nn. "i:iv2sl. 1U "W
... .-0...., ....... , ,
REGULAR AUCTION SALE
Saturday, May 24, at 2 P. M.
T w.H se'l nt ny Auct'on Rooms
Ore Fioe Pigeon H'c Taure;
One Rem -.(ouKew" jstF: cli'ue:
a lot or oiei'Mer: 3r "-. s ivi-
BrrrkCf-s, Gem"e S vcrW?l"lic,
, lso :
I'r Glrsvjvnre, S"dc Jmps. T: -lit",
I.ioim'c-, u'ld a v: "e.irof .ther
ar.'.c'e. F. C. IJOM)EN
Ke3p Your Money Safe.
Kx s anishiji On'pon I liave received an
other consijnuiienl of
TCCK1?RS PATEXT AT.A1S3I
Counter Alarm Money Drawer
Is proof against Petty Thieves.
XKIC53 S(5 00.
E. C. HOLDEN,
Main street, opposite the Parker House.
C. CA1IOW, Pkoprictor
Of the above named New T.akery.
ttespectfullv inites a share of the public
patronage, confident of his ability to please
Has just returned from San Francisco with
the finest selected stock of
Ever offered in Astoria. Embracing every
novelty in the line.
Or, Warnerfs Health Corset
Cm onlv be purchased in Astoria at 3Irs.
Derby's. Main street, between Squeniwibe
Occident Hotel Hair Dressing Saloon.
ASTORIA - OREGON.
not, Cold. -Shower,
Steam and Ssnlplmr
JSBSpecial attention given to ladies' and
children's hair cutting.
Private Entrance for Ladies.
GUXS, LOCKS, AND SKWIXG
KEYS FITTED AND LOCKS REPAIRED.
SAWS FILED, ETC.. BY
F. TT. AVASS.
Main street, next door to Geo. Ross'.
CLEANING and REPAIRING PROMPTLY
Benton street, opposite Tost-office. Astoria
GK Y. PARKER,
GROCERIES AND PROVISIONS,
WHITE LEAD, PAINTS and COAL OILS,
Brooms, Brushes and Yl'ooitcn-wnre,
Tobacco, Cigars and Stationery,
Gent's Furnishing Goods, Etc.
Near the Corner
Sin in nncl Concomly Wcs., Astoria
Cement, Plasterer and Builder of any
kind of Brick Furnaces.
P1c:lsc leave orders at Wilson & Fisher's
store. ChenamiLs street. Astoria. 7-lm
I. "W. CASE,
IMPORTER AND WHOLESALE AND RE
TAIL DEALER IN
Comer Chenamus and Cass streets.
ASTORIA - - - OREGON.
LETTER HEAD PAPER,
PRINTED OR PLAIN, OF THE REST,
quality, at Tub Astokiak office.
RILL HEAD PAPER,
OP EVERY GRADE AND COLOR, PRIN
ted or plain, at lowest rates, at
Tun AbTORjAX office.
. in.i Vn i m i. n.tn i l.np't r:irs am '
L ABIES' MNEN
Q iullutrC(t suits purchased at an iinininense disc.
t , . xiCRFPT S I V
4,v lA-Aia 1 1 &AL..L.
T-KE CHEAPEST SVER OFEZXHEiX
83 00 FULL feTJlT. PUBE LINEN.
i .f-JTttCJ&LOCL T"B &M?y
We defy to he excelled in stock and
mw SPRING mi
A. VAN DUSEN & CO.
Have just received a full line of Spring and Summer goods of the vcrv finest qnnlitv, wbit-fe
were bought during the lecent triable in stocks, when cash cemniaiids a pieniium. and
are therefore prepared '.to .sell the same at less rates than the same qualitvof
goods can be purchased elsewhere. These goods consist in part of
Clothing, Gents Furnishing Goods,
lints and Caps. Thirties Dress Goads. Muslins. Prints. Hosiery,
lioofs and Shoes. Kiihoer Hoofs. Oil Clothing.
In addition to the above have laid in a full stock of
SOTDISKS 3UTEKIAIS. X1IT.S. FATXTS. OIS. ETC.
The quality of our
crocki?ril axd Gr..issvAi:. TOIPS. ETC.
Cannot be excelled and our prices defy competition.
Family Groeet ae.s and Provision a Specially Oregon City Im
perial E.vf ra Flour at S3. ."0 per Barrel.
WARDS CLATSOP BUTTER ALWAYS IN STORE.
S-Agency for Singer and "White Sewing Machines. Wells, Fargo & Co.'s Express
oJliee. corner of Cass and Jefferson street.
STILcLi THEY GOME!
Y$ SEIXIXG GOODS THE CHEAPEST.
TVe have since replaced our Ladies
.And all goods that were lost on the Kepublic-
ALSO, A FULL LINE OF LADIES
Hi I JKT 353 SET TJ KT X DE3 IR. "VST IE .A. 3El1
Come, give us a trial, and satisfy yourself that we sell cheaper than any other
house in town. "We do not give any price list, as we have but one price, and sett
FOR. O-iSuSIQ: 03KTXjy.
COHEN & COOPER.
I X L STORE.
P. S. Thcmostesigoodsforlheleasxestmoney.
-TjK. I. M. SEVERN.
PHYSICIAN AND SURGEON,
Ofllcc Honrs. From 9 to 12 A. M., and
from :t to 8 i m.
p W. PULTOX,
ATTORNEY AT LAW.
Office. Pases new building, Squemoe
street, Astoria. Oregon.
TT)K. J. V. OLIVER,
Office. In Slinster's Dajniezrean huiH
ing. Entrance Second door above that ef
the Daily Astokia Cass street.
Residence on Jefferson street, corner of
Successfullv treats all Chronic Diseases.
AND DISEASES OF WOMEN AND
Cancer cured bv a new and painless method.
Office Chenamus street, comer of Mam
TXR. J- O'BRIEX.
CUEES BILLIOUS AND INTEmilTTENT
With from one to three doses of his harm
less medicine. , ,. x
Also, Private diseases successfully treated.
Office O'Brien's hotel, Astoria. Oregon.
WATCHMAKER AND JEWELER.
HAS REMOVED TO
Main street, Parker's building,
ASTORIA, '- - - - OREGON.
Boots and Shoes.
All Vi.wlo nT ronoirimr TlPfltlV .ind
promptly attended to
MAIN ST., - ASTORIA. OREGON
Astoria Wood Yard.
Foot of Lafayette streef, Astoria, Oregon.
DUSHARM Ss CO., - PROPRIETORS.
All kinds of wood delivered to any part of
the city, sawed or unsawed. dim
iscount of manufacturers cost
Call on us, it will be muncv
- - - ASTORIA, OREGON.
I BOBS OF THE TOW
Notary Public for the State of Oregon
Real EstaSe-AgeHt and Conveyancer.
Agent for the FIREMEN'S FUND INSUR
ANCE COMPANY of San Francisco.
COMMISSION AGENT and AUCTIONEER.
Rcnl nail Aecnnnts Collected, nad rc
turns promptly aiadc.
Regular sales daj
N. B. Parties having real estate, lurnl
tnreor any other jm1s to disno.se of either
at auction or private sale should notify me
soon as e&nvenient before the dav of sale.
No storage eharged on gooiLs snh' at Auc
tion. P. C. JIOLIX.
Corner Main and Cheniinius Street.
CIGARS AND TOBACCO,
AND THE GENUINE W0STENH0LM
and other English Cutlory.
FAIRCHILD'S GOLD PENS
Genuine ffieershanm Pipes, etc,
A fine stock of
Tl'atche and Jewelry. Mur.zle ami
IJreecli Ijoadinj; Mint Ouum
Revolvers. Pistols. Parlor Itifles.
THE ASTORIA BREWERY
RUDOLPH BARTH & MICHAEL MEYER,
Corner of Olney and "Water streets,
Best quality of LA GER BEER 5 cts. per gla.v
Choice Wines, Liquors, and Cigars alwav
narThe patronage of the public is resp.-'ei-fully
solicited. Orders for Lager or BottletJ
Beer in any quantity promptly filled.
CsTThc best lunch the season will aJIori
furnished day and ninht FREE