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About The Daily Astorian. (Astoria, Or.) 1876-1883 | View This Issue
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O. C. IBELA3TD Ertilor.
SATURDAY Jaxuaby 25, 1879
The Oregon Steam Navigation
company have purchased and taken
possession of all the steamers,
barges, docks, and wharves, lately
owned by the Wallamet Locks and
Transportation company, includ
ing the docks and -warehouses at
Astoria. The Locks company
still own and control the locks and
canal at the AYallamet falls, and
suitable arrangements have been
made for passing all boats through
the locks, insuring the safe delivery
at Astoria of very much of the pro
ductions of the valley, direct from
points along that river. We do
not propose to get into a frenzy in
ecstacy over this movement, nor
picture before our readers, after
the style of Portland journals, the
dmmense benefits which will inure
to Astoria in consequence of this
transaction. Suffice it to say that
The Astoria x is pleased with the
transfer, and if the company makes
money by it, so will the producers,
in consequence of the direct ship
ments and storage of their products
at Astoria, where it will at all times
be accessible to ships from every
portion of the globe. And if the
producers prosper, per consequence
cities must prosper also, and As
toria will receive her share of the
benefits arising from the prosperity
of the whole, and that is all we
can hope for, or expect. It may
be said that the Oregon Steam
Navigation company as a giant
monopoly, has added to its grasp
upon Oregon by -this purchase.
"We are, nevertheless, -willing that
the Oregon Steam Navigation com
pany shall transport all of our
freight, and we are willing to pay
them fair prices for it, to enable
them to keep up with the wear and
tear, and expenses, of carrying on
a heavy business; and if every citi
zen of Oregon vho lias the inter
Jest of the state at heart will sec
ond the movements o that com
pany, they will find it no great ter
ror after all but always comply
ing with the demands made upon
them to carry safely and expedi
tiously 'every ton of freight offered?
-at reasonable prices.
re scarcely know whether it
is a feeling of pity or contempt
which we feel for the pessimist of
the Oregonian. He is never satis
fied with what is seemingly satis
factory to the people from their
rservants in the senate of the United
tStates. Senator Kelly came in
for his share of abuse fiuring his
term, Senator Mitchell has been
shamefully slandered and vilified
by this Oregon cormorant; Sena
'tor Grover is also traduced and de
famed, day after day, by the same
malignant cur, and the people sub
mit as tamely as possible, but are
uot always willing to take the
doses without a murmur. Refer
ring to Senator Mitchell, the Seat
tle Intelligencer says:
Senator Mitchell is one of the
most indefatigable workers for the
interests of his constituents any
.state ever had in the United States
- senate, for which we are induced
-jip g'lve nnn more credit than is
V.'tfawar.ded to him by those he seeks
to serve. He lias oar best wishes
for the success of his bill to aid in
opening the Columbia river to -free
navigation. There are now two
portages obstructing the naviga
tion .of the Columbia river. The
lesser one thu government has par
tially provided for overcoming by
Jocksnow in the course of con-
..struction, which will involve toil -
page duties upon all freights. he
larger one requires a railroad for
its passage, which Mr. Mitchell's
bill is intended to provide for.
Senator Grover has spoken in
his own defense, in the senate, in
reply to the associated press dis
patch -which the Standard says wTas
made up in the Oregonian office in
Portland, and sent over the land
in regard to the investigating
conmittces' report. On the 9th
inst. Mr. Grover made a personal
explanation on the floor of the
senate, from which we condense
It is a dut7" which I owe to this
honorable body, as wrell as to my
self, to meet these charges as
specifically as thev are made.
Not an acre of the university
lands nor of the indemnity com
mon school lands, granted in lieu
of the thirteenth and thirty-sixth
sections occupied by settlers before
survey had been listed to the
state, though these grants were
twenty years old. The agricultu
ral college and salt springs grants
have been lost by neglect.
Their receipts and vouchers,
specifically accounting for all the
money paid them, with the maps
and detailed reports of their wrork,
are on file in the public papers of
the United States. No member of
the board was interested to the
amount of one cent in these pay
ments nor in the land surveyed,
either directly or indirectly.
The sheriffs mileage act was
passed in 1804, and has been upon
the statute book ever since. But
a subsequent act, providing for a
per diem and compensation of
certain expenses to sheriffs, was
held by the committee to cover all
allowances. It appears that the
subsequent act does not repeal
the mileage act, nor specially con
flict "with it. The secretary of
state, who is auditor of public ac
counts, on the claim of the sheriffs
supported by their sworn state
ments, ruled that both statutes
were in force, and paid the mileage.
The secretary's accounts have been
biennially laid before the legislature
and approved. I hear no pre
tense of fraud or collusion.
The sum stated as "quarter
masters stores in the Modoc war
unaccounted for," is false, and false
without excuse, I will proceed to
show that all this property was
accounted for, I will produce a
record tint cannot be gainsaid. I
refer to the report of the late inspector-general
James A. Hardie,
of the United States army, now
Senator Gravers' proofs show
that the intergrity of Jthese Modoc
war accounts have been twice es
tablished by commanding au
thority, once by the legislature of
Oregon and once by the inspector
gen eFal of the United States army,
approved by -the secretary of war,
acting by authority of congress.
Mr. Grover centinues:
As to the sums, stated as "over
paid" to the secretary of state and
his assistant, I know nothing, ex
cept that I have heard that they
were paid under specific appropri
priations for that purpose, and at
tacked by the committee on tech
nical grounds. But in no manner
do theyiaffect mo, as I had no more
authority, as executive, over this
subject than the president of the
United States has over the em
ployment and pay of clerks in this
The nine thousand dollars is
stated to be a "deficiency" in school
funds in the hands of Thomas H.
Cann, who was clerk of the board
of school land commissioners. His
accounts were all duly settled be
fore the legislature every two years,
while I was governor, and found
correct. He writes me that his ac
counts are correct now.
The school funds of Oresron are
in the hands of the state treasurer
and of the several county treasur
ers, and are under the general
supervision of. the board of school
land commissioners. Those officers
negotiate the public loans with as
much care, and under as strict pro
visions of law as real estate loans
are made in any other state, and
there has been no greater depres
sion of real estate values in that
state than in any other. It is the
merest demagogism to attempt to
j cast upon any set of public officers
j in any state, "the fault of flr,nrni
. atcd securities, which cst mainly
for their support upon the general
prosperity. Yet the statement
that school mortgage securities in
Oregon are not worth fifty cents
on the dollar is grossly and utterly
Prom a recent review of the revenue
and expenses of the state of New "York,
made to the assembly by F. P. Olcott,
state comptroller, we find the follow
ing matters of interest relating to the
value of the water route from Chicago
to New York. Mr. Olcott says:
The water route between Chicago
and New York affords an outlet for
the products of the west for seven
months in the year, which is of incal
culable benefit to commerce and the
country's irosperity. Were it not for
this water route, which is entirely in
dependent of the railroad lines, the
commerce between the east and the
west would he at the mercy of the
four trnnk lines. The following table
gives the average rate of freight by
the water route between Chicago and
New York on wheat (per bushel of
sixty pounds) for the year:
: t .2 - :
: : I :
' " 4: "I
I J7 2 8 I .05 1! 7
I 2G 3 '3 Jhl 2 1
22 0 0 .03 2 1
2? 3 G M 2 1
2t (i 2 .0i 2 1
30 3 G .00 2 1
22 3 (i M 2 1
22 7 9 .0f 2 1
23 1 2 ! .00 2 1
17 1 II .03 1 0
20 2 4 .03 0
24 2 ,r .0.5 1 0
10 1 I) .03 1 0
14 1 4 .03 1 0
II 4 3 .02 0 7
0 S 3 .02 0 7
10 9 G .01 0 3
J 2 1 .01 0 3
From the above table it will be seen
that the water route has reduced the
cost of transportation per ton from
Chicago to New York from an average
of $9 09 in 18G1 to an average of
$3 07 in 1SG8, and that the average
rate of freight in 1878 from Chicago
to New YorkI)y water, on a bushel of
wheat, was 9.21 cents, while the tolls
alone on the Erie canal nine years ago
were G.21 cents per bushel. This re
duction in the cost of transportation
by the water route has forced the rail
routes to a similar redaction during
the season of navigation. During the
months when navigation is closed the
rail routes' advance freights, and as a
necessary consequence check business.
In January and February, 1878, the
rail rates were advanced to a point
where shipments were practically sus
pended. In March the rates were
lowered, and a largely increased move
ment was the result. The constantly
varying rates of freight are injurious
to business, as it is impossible for the
shippers to tell at what moment
freights may be advanced to a point
where trade is paralyzed. It can be
understood how, from natural causes,
freights in winter should be higher
than in summer, but it becomes a seri
dUs business when they are advanced
so high that shipments are checked.
This is a subject which has a direct
bearing upon the future prospects and
prosperity of the entire regions drained
by the Columbia river and its tribu
taries. NEW ADVERTISEMENTS.
SEATiED morOSALS for carrying the
United States mails between the Post
ofllce at Astoria, Clatsop county, Oregon, and
the liinding.of the 0. S. S. Co., one time a
week each wav, will be received by the Post
master until January 27, 1879. Jo contract
is required to be executed ; but persons bid
ding must be honest and capable, not less
than sixteen years old, and the accepted bid
der will be expected to serve at the conipen-
ratton projwseu umii ouierwise wraereu Dy
the PoatmasterGcaer.il; he wilfcrilso be re
quired to take the oath pn
2so more am be allowed tha
rcscribed by law.
Liu a fair and rea
sonable compensation for the sen-ice, to be
determined by the department. Postmasters
aud assistants cannot draw pay for such
sen-Ice. Thos. J. Brady,
Second Assis't Postmaster General.
Wm. Ciiaxck, P. M., Astoria, Oregon.
Fish. Commissioners ZVotice.
NOTICE IS HEREBY GIVEN THAT
the undersumed. having been duly ap
pointed deputy "for Clatsop county, by C.
Lienenweber. Fish Commissioner, under the
laws of the State of Oregon, will be in readi
ness from aud after this -date, to issue li
censes, at Isis office up stairs, corner of Cass
mid Sqemocqhe Streets. Astoria. -Oregon.
H 1L B. FERGUSON,
Deputy Fish Commissioner.
TD A.THS, BATHS,
Hot, Cold, Shower,
Steam and SUIiPHUH Baths
Occident Hotel Shaving Saloon.
K IEDERAUEtt fc UhLENHART,
t55Special attention given to ladles' and
I W. CASE
IMPORTER AND WHOLESALE AND RE
TAIL DEALER IN
Corner Chenamus and Cass streets.
ASTORIA - - - OREGON.
A FULL AND
COMPLETE LINE OP
GOODS, IN EVERY DEPART
MENT OF TRADE SUITABLE TO
THE WANTS OF THE PEO
PLE ALL OF -WHICH
"WILL BE SOLD
xsrw QEfc cash
JSTTurchascrs are requested to call and
inspect my goods before purchasing else
where, :is I am confident of my ability to
please one and all.
I. "W. CASE,
Comer Chenamus and Cass Streets,
Notice to All Concerned.
Men and Boys Must
As well as to have toys for Christmas.
Christmas is Over !
I. LOEB s
And now invites the attention of every
body to his
Full and Complete Stock,
Consisting in part of
A FULL pi ftTUIMP FOK MEN
LINE OF OLUllHrJU AND BOYS.
Gents Furnishing Goods;
Large Stock of Family Groceries;
Canned Fruits, Etc.-;
Watches, Jewelry, Marine and -Opera
Besides a choice lot of
TOBACCO AND CIGARS,
"Wholesale and Itetail. Call and see.
MAIN ST., -
JUST RECEIVED BY
I. X. L. STORE!
Corner Main and Concomly streets.
GROCERIES. FLOUR. FEED. WOODEN
ware. Coal Oils. Tohaccos,:and Gents Fur
nishing Goods, which will be sold at lowest
Have just received a new invoice of
Groceries, Queensware, Lamps
Which I offer at a bargain for cash
FXUOTJR. &m FEED.
Corner of mam and Squemoqhe sts.,
ASTORIA, - - OREQON.
o. 3rm sMiTia:,
(IX THE AST0RIAX UUrLDIXG)
a AS JUST RECEIVED A LOT OF NEW
goods, consisting of
MEN'S AND BOYS
CALF AND KIP OOTS
Buckle and Congress 'Gaiters,
Women, Misses and Children's
Which will be sold at the very lowest prices.
lft will be placed in attorney hinrtSK?
force collection. We mean it
Astoria. Jan, 20, 1S79. B naER.
BANKING A2JTD INSURANCE.
BANKING AND INSURANCE.
E- W. C4SS,
ASTORIA, - . . OREGON.
Exchange bought and sold on ail parts of
the United States and Europe.
?fH?? UTOS-Rrom s 0rcIock A
until 4 o'clock i 3i.
OIPEUXAI. OF I,OS3OX.
SOETHER3T OF IOXDOX.
(tREEST OF LIVEKPOOr
FIRE AND MARINE INSUR
r, w, GAtsasu
ASTOItIA, - - - - OHEGON.
Home Mutual Insurance Co.
J. F. flouoHToy- President
Chas. IJ. Story Secretary
Hamilton" Uo yd, ., n w..l
Geo. L. Stoky. j Agents for Oregon
Office Northeast corner of Stark and Firsl
streets, Portland, Oregon.
Net Cash received for Fire Prem
iums in IS?" $535,511 04
Assets, Jan. 1,187S S57S.0G5 SS
Losses ynpaid $3,638 37
Dividends " ljxfl 00 SJMfi 37
Surplus for Property Holders $572,470 4T
Losses paid in Oregon in six years$ 1 14,516 72
I. TV. CASK. Accent.
LIVERPOOL AND LONDON AND
KOETH BRITISH AND MERCAN
TILE OF LONDON AND
OLD 'CONNECTICUT OF HART
COMMERCIAL OF CALIFORNIA
FIRE INSURANCE COMPANIES.
Representing a capital of SG7.0O0,00O.
A. VAN DUSEN. Agent.
A RARE CHANGE.
ITYILL SELL ANY OR ALL OF TIIE
following described property, viz :
ICO Acres, Ser. 22, T. 8, X. one. 9 -went,
Also, in Olneys Astoria
Irts I, 2, 3, and 4, Ih Block T9;
Lots 3, 4, 3, anil's, in Block li
Lots 2 ami 4, lu I51ck 128; and tot ,
In Block 132;
Xorlk half of Block 8,-2 1-2 ncrcg.
Astoria, Oregon, Dec. 10, 1878. S5-0m
PICKED UP. A skiff was picked up on or
about January 11. 1S79, in Astoria by the
undersigned. The owner is requested to
call, prove property, pay charges ; and tak
the same away. m b. hUiJihfth.
iw-d&w Opposite the bell tower, Astoria.
& Billiard Room.
The only Billiard Itoom in the city where
Jill IIIJUUIO - Own.
TVTEW TABLE JUST TUT UP. GEOttOK
J3I has a cosv place and keeps on hand the
Lest brand ol Cicars. Also. soda, candy,
nuts etc. Opposite Altona Chop House.
flS-tf GEO. BOSS, Proprietor.
T. S. JEWETT.
B. S. KIMBALL.
Draying & Trucking.
9 r m
T D W l
ASTORIA TRUCK & DRAY CO.,
Squemucqlie st.f between Caas and Main,
Contracts for uruyinpmude and satisfaction
guaranteed. Orders left at the Occident iio
.tel or receiveiby mail promptly filled.
- JEWETIN Js KIMBAiL.