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About The Daily Astorian. (Astoria, Or.) 1876-1883 | View This Issue
P& all 'stacfcak
to. O. WElASfib .-: .-.-..Editor.
'T UESD A Y .-. . .-. .-.-. . .Taxuaiut 14, 1879
Obstructions to Commerce.
According to the report recent
ly communicated to congress by
'the department of state, the fees
collected by -consular 'officers of
the United States for the year
ended Dec. 188, aggregate $69,
755 63. Mr. Evafts, like his 'pre
decessor, hosts fdr these returns
:and others that have preceded
them, that the consular system is
more than self-supporting, and
contends that the'consular salaries,
for that reason, ought to be in-
creased. -These fees prove that
'more money is collected'from legi
timate commerce than it can afford
to pay "for the transaction of busi
ness. Every American, shipmas
ter who enters a foreign port com
plains of the exactions levied br
lhisown government abroad, which
often exceed the 'local por t enter
ing and changes. Wherever he
'goes, a tax confronts him, which
must be paid before getting a
clearance. Acknowledgments, au
thenticating copies of papers, au
'declarations and oaths, estates of
American citizens, 'filing docu
ments in consulate, consuls orders
:and letters, .passports, protests,
preparing 'documents, receiving
;tfnd delivering snip's papers, ship
ping or discharging seamen, mis
cellaneous services, sealing cars
coming from Canada, copies and
the like, are among the general
'heads covering a multitude of
items upon whichtoll -is levied by
Ir. &eWe'tt rec5tffty e'xposell 'te
ethe blouse a case of Almost daily
'occurence. "When the consular
fees exceeded threefolcl the char-,-
.ges under the British System. In
these times, when profits are small,
xjvery prudent merchant has 'to
consider the details attending his
imports or exports, and these fees
'enter into the account as no in--significant
part of the foreign ven
tures. It was never intended that
revenue should be derive from this
"source, because the encourage
ment of commerce'is far more im
portant than any income to be ob
tained from a tax which in any
way obstructs its perfect freedom.
The treasury could well afford to
bear the cost of the whole consu
lar system, and even 'to extend it,
if any advantage accrued to trade
from that policy, because it would
vfcoon be repaid many times over
by augmented revenues from
If Mr. Evarts will turn his atten-
, tion to these abuses, which have
become chrome by time, and al-
s-most intolerable from "unheeded
coniplaints, and 'have the consular
fees re'ducebl to "the 'lowest points
practiced by other nations, he will
'be far better employed than in
distributing circulars, which 'have
. , '
no better value than waste paper.
-.-.,, ,. i . ,
He has been sending such circulars
to the four quarters of the globe,
. . '
urging inquiries lor tne extension
of commercial intercourse, and the
'net result of that work has not
added one dollar to traHe, simply
because enterprising merchants
and men of business know the
'wants of commerce and the state
of the markets far better than
those officials db. "But a sensible
relief might be given to com
merce by the simple process of're
'JuGiug the consular fees.
JCS-lf you are suddenly asked,
'who among merchants have made the
Janjest fortunes in the shortest time in
legitimate business." will not your reply
jatuuahy bgjudicioas aclvciiisers ?'
Use of Alcoholic Drinks.
Several eminent English medi-
'cal men have recently contributed
their views on the effect of alco
hol upon "the system, in the pages
of a popular review. While they
agree as to the positively injurious
effect of alcoholic stimulants when
taken to 'excess, they differ as to
its effect upon fairly healthy per
sons when taken in moderation.
Sir Tames Paget, the most emi
nent practitioner in London, says:
"My study makes me as sure as I
would ever venture to be on any
such Question, that there is not
any evidence nearly sufficient to
rftsike it probable that a mo&erate
use of alcoholic drinks is generally,
or even to many persons injurious,
and that there are sufficient rea
sons for believing 'that such a
moderate use is, on 'the whole,
On the other hand Dr. Beriton,
while not objecting to alcohol for
those "Who are past middle age, or
whose health is deolining, states as
his opinion that "so long as a man
is healthy, eating well and sleeping
well, he does not need alcohol, nd
as a rule is better without
it." Dr. Murchison says: "A
man who is in good health
doesnot require it, and is proba
bly better without it. Its occa
sional use will do him no harm; its
habitual use 'even in moderation
may, and often does, induce dis
ease gradually." '"Sir William
G-ull says: "For young tpeople, I
should not consider it necessarv,
but one must consider alcohol in
respect to age. In -the northern
regions you require more stimir
lant anil ftre, in the south les;
and again, more as age increases
and vitality diminishes." "Vith
regard to -intellectual -work, Sir
William' denies thatitQan be bet
ter done with alcohol than without
it. Dr. "Wilkes argues that alcohol
.is a sedative and ntft-a stimulant,
and concludes': YL believe alcohol
soofhes avvorrie''d nervous -System,
tifcd-by preventing wear and 'tear
actually supports the frame"; 'but,
discarding the notion of its stimu
lating properties, I denounce its
use in delicate children and women
who feel low." They all advise
the use of wine and beer in pref
ence to brandy, whiskey, gin, etc.
A careful reading of the whole re
view indicates that -there is a
marked Qi Iterance 'of opinion
among eminent authorities as to
whether alcohol in moderation is
beneficial or injurious.
George Francis Train, al-
generally considered a
lunatic, yet sometimes succeeded
in getting off a few plain truths.
In his letter to Kearney last Sep
tember -lie -remarked: "You at
tack 'lecherous bondholders,' and
then choose one of the most of
ficious of this order a 'our white
featliered champion 'of Navarro.
You call the lawyers the 'hell
hounds of scum,' and then select
the Avorse cur in the pack as your
standard-bearer. "Was not Butler
'the VWnPs-AlW-"nninn flrWlih
vT .vim- , .. .-
Mobiher attorney in the Pacific
A1.,fl ,.,, , . . . ,
suits r 'Did lie not ignominious! y
r . .,, T r . ,. "L
Ur t , ,, , . - , ,
N as he not the chief cook and
bottle washer of the fradulent
Sanborn contracts? You call the
salary-grabbers 'cut-throats and
minions of hell,' and yet the mem
ber who forced that infamous bill
through congrefe, is -our candi
date for governor."
An -excitement in Josephine
county, on 'account of recent dissover-
f ios on Sih-er-'creok, has "hroktm out.
It ls-stnd that in one claim over two
hundred dollars were taken out in five
days. There is quite a rush for that
locality, and doubtless we shall hear
startling news from Silver creek -soon.
The Voluntary Stranding Clause.
The "New York Shipping list says
the Chamber of Commerce, of that
city, have voted, eighteen to fifteen,
that the proposed twelve rules, known
as the York-Antwerp rules, "-fails to so
fully cover the question of general
average as, if adopted, to insure the
uniformity deemed desirable on the
subject; that it wdfild be unwise to
abroga'te the principle of "voluntary
strancling;" that any change in the
laws governing commerce should be
made only after the most careful dis
cussion. and then by the legislation of
'congress; rfnd that the chamber de
cidedly objects 'to the iprocess pro
posed in'conneotion with these rules
of effecting a radical change in the
law of the land by means of --special
clauses in bills of lading issued abroad
and destined to this country. Mer
chants are recommended to instruct
their correspondents not to accept
such bills of lading, and ship owners
not to issue them.
A check for 10,700, purport
ing 'to 'be signed by Henry Janin,
was presented and paid at 'the
London and San Francisco bank
on the 29th of May last. On the
oth of September the pass-book of
Mr. Janin -was balanced, aud the
check in question, together with
other checks, were returned to him
for examination. A few days ago
3fr. Janin surprised the bank offi
cials by declaring the $10,700
check to be a forgery, and 'that the
money was not drawn by him.
Subsequently the gentleman was
led -to believe that the check had
not been drawn byhim in the form
in which iie had received it, and
tha'fc it was a raised one. The offi
cers of the bank think the alleged
forgery 'very improbable, since a
period of three months e'lapsed
after Mr. Janin received the
check'and the pass-book before he
claimed to have made aiiy such
The trirfl und execution of u
murderer bya self-constituted vig
ilance committee at Wrangel,
Alaska recently, as sTiown by par
ticulars, seems t have been con
ducted with a decorum and solem
nity hardly usual on such an occa
sion. The neglect of congress to
provide laws and a government
for Alaska1 appears to have forced
the decent residents of that terri
tory to take 'the administration in
to their own "hands, as they did in
SSkilled mechanical and profes
sional labor is in abundance in this state.
We can spare a "whole rtrmyof clerks,
snlt'smen and Mieavbersvho are starv
ing because they are nor. fitted, or "will
not labor in the iield that (tilers thiMn a
living, Now is the time to invest in
lands and to settle on them. Railroads
rtre opening all over the state, and there
is a fair showing of an increase in the
value of. land, no matter where located.
Farmers are what we want, and not
more tradesmen ; agriculturists, not ad
ditional professors; tillers of the soil,
and not an increased army of clerks.
The country is health y. both morally
and physically, ami there is value in
land that is not afteeted by the rise and
fall of stocks.
Fisli Comniiasioners Xoticc.
TTOTICE IS HEREBY GIVEN TnAT
Xl the undersigned, having been duly ap
pointed deputy for Clatsop county, by C.
Liencmveber. l'ish Commissioner, under the
laws of the State o'f Oregon, will be in readi
ness from and after this date, to issue li
censes, at his office 1ip stairs, comer of Cass
aud Suemocqhe streets. Astoria. Oregon.
II. B. FEKGUSOX,
"Deputy Fish Commissioner.
January, 1 i. 1S79
'PLUM PUDDLNG, IN CANS;
CODFISH BALLS, IX CANS:
POIUC AND BEANS, IN CANS;
ORANGES AND IiltfES,
tho finest ever bought in the mafhfet;
CRYSTAL DRIPS, GALLON CANS:
NEW ORLEANS 3IO LASSES.
PICKLED HERRING IN KEGS.
JU3LBLES, ETC., ETC.
ALUSCATED RAISINS. 2-lb PACK
AGES, VERY FIE;
PIGS EEET, 1-ltt AND 2-lb TINS;
h'CHICKENS AND TURKEYS, IN
EASTERN xVND OREGON IIAIS,
best quality. Alco, .i fine assnrtmentof
BREAKFAST BACON 'AND THEE
31 EATS, AT
ATTORNEY AT LAW,
Notary Public and Commissioner of Deeds for
California and Washington Territory.
Office Corner of Souemooqhe and Cass
streets, up stairs, ovpr E. S. Larsen's store.
J. W, BORB. C. W. FULTOX.
itoim ifc FtTfctfoar,
Attofheys-at-'Law, Cotleitfng alid Real
Uooms Xos. 1 and 2, Dr. Welch's new build
tig, Squemoeqlia street, Astoria.
ATTORNEY AT LAW.
'Office in City ftall Building.
It. W. I). BAKfeR.
(Late Surgeon U. S. Army.)
O nice Comer Chenamus ailfl $tojn sts.,
over "White House store. Brown's building
R. I. M. SEVERN.
Graduate Univorsity f Pcnnyrirania.
PHYSICIAN AXD SUBGEOS.
EXAMINING SURGEON OF PENSIONS.
Oflh-o. Lursen's building. .
;OHltconr.-8 a. ai. to ?0 A. ar. arrd G p
.m. to 8 i. m. At night can be found at Tur
pin House. Astoria, Ouego
E. F. 'CKAjN,
lPrTrSTCIAfc AND SURGEON,
OfficeRoom ho. 7 over C r,. Tarker's
store, Opposite DPmflff 's drug store.
IS. F. DKXXISOX. F. -T- TAYLOR
DENNISON & TAYLOR,
ATTOltXEYS AT 1AW.
Officr Up stairs in Tarker's building,
corner uuenamus ana uenion sireois.
WATCH3MAKER AND JElTELEH.
11 VS KKMOVED TO
Main street, I'arker's building,
ASTORIA, - - - - 'OREGON.
StUne anJd Hafrble Cutter,
ASTORTA. ----- ORKGON.
AH kinds of building work, and monumen
tal work attended to promptly anu 10 oraer.
TTU. J. TV. OLIVER,
Having 'permanently located In Astoria,
tenders his -"Services to the citiiens of this
Office. "For the present at his residence
in col. Taylor s nonseceuar street.
Nrftice 'to AD tJoncerned.
Wlen and Boys Must he
As well as to have toys for Christinas.
Cliristmas is'0ver !
And now invites the attention of every
body to his
Full and Complete Stock,
Consisting in part of
A FVUs p I 'flT U I M O FOIt MEN
LINE OF U LU I n I il U AND E(
-Geiits Furnishing Goods
'Large Stock of Faniily Groceries;
Canned Fruits, Etc.;
lVntchcs, .loMt'lr.v. .Ilnrlne and Opera
C; lasses, etc.;
Besides a choice lot of
TOBACCO AND CIGARS,
"Wholesale and Itetail. Call and see.
MAIX St., - - - AST01irA,'GGX.
MAWP A fTPTTHt-PTJ-n-p
7Z And 'Dealorin
ALSO IMl'OUTKU OF
CARPETS, OIL CLOTHS, WALL
PAPER, SHADES, etc.
S3?-A11 kinds of repairing promptly at
lendiHl to. and furniture made to order"
JSf-A full line of picture mouldings and
ti nines, brackets, window cornices etc
CSr-FuIl stock and lowest irriccs comer Of
StluemncQha and'Main street. Astoria.
Gm BOOK ST0RE,
C5TAS. STEVEXs & SOX
Invite the attention of purchasers to their
stock, just laid in
The Finest Selection !
The Cheapest Prices I
The Greatest Worth!
LADIES' DIARIES AND PURSES
COMB AND IJRUSH POCKETS
CUTLERY, JEWELRY, CHARTS
ETC., ETC.; ' u,ua'
EXCELSIOR DIARIES, BLANK
BOOIvS. -stationery; ETa
K3TAU goods sold at lowest cash prices '
CH A S. STEVENS & SOX
City Rook Store to Main street two doors
from the Pioneer Restaurant , lit l?
bakery of Sirs. C. BiartiV. l P te " '
LAIHKS' MNCY BOARD ETO
HOLD PENS AND PENCILS-
iai. i- rrjiS uiLia, fj u TTA PER
Jilain Ktreet, Astoria Oregon,
BEJIGMAK & BERRY
RESPECTFULLY CALL THE ATTEND
tion of the PuiAic to ftro fact that thfc
afeo arket wiH ahvays bo supplied with a
FULL VARIETY BEST QUALITY
FRESH AFiD CURED MEATS
irnicnwill hosoitl tit inwn -mt an n.T.i.r.u
and retail. Special attention given to supply-
" o SUIO.
D, K. Warrex.
C. A. McGuirk
Astoria Market !
Corner of Chenrm33 and Cass streets.
ASTORIA. 0 KEG OX.
WARREN & McGTJIRE, Proprietor
(successors to Ilobsbn Js Warren.
Wholesalo and Retail Dealers in all Kinds c
Fresh and Cured IV! eats!
A fall line of Family Groceries,
CANNED FRUIT, VEGETABLES, ETC.
KS-Butter, Eggs, Cheese, otc. constantly
3T Ships supplied at the lowest rates.
IT IS A POSITIVE TRUTH
he keeps the best of
FRUITS, CADDIES, sTUTS,
LIQUOES AND CIGARS,
JERKED ELK MEAT,
And also from Clatsop every other day
FRESH BUTTER, EGGS, CHEESE,
CLAMS, DUCKS, CHICKENS,
And everything that is needed in the cook
iiuzline at the lowest IMnj: prices.
Call and examine hefore purchasintr else
where. J. j. IVIKT.
Arndt & Ferchen.
Mnnhttto Sfhnnlr -
All kinds of
Enghte, farmery and Steamboat
"Work promptly attended to.
Water Stroot Roadway,
Near Hume's Cannery, Astoria, Oregon.
Horseshoeing p VTI an a i113
of Blacksmith Sk TB ingdonetoor-
dor. Satisfact NmI ion ktiarantoed
ALL SHIP AND ENGINE WORK K
S. MERRILL -& CO,
Blacksmiths and machinists,
Capt. ROGERS' OLD STXND Near Exiircs
Office. ASTORIA. - OREGOil.
All work in oar lino, heaw orlisht, done with
on and Farm fV'
"WORK A SPECIALTY.
HAYING SECURED THE SERVICES OP
Mr. S. A. Gaines of Ky., nn oyporioncofi
Fnrricrof 25 yenra in tho rfcusines?. and weH
knoMrn to Astoriahorseuion. wonreprepnred to
do shoeing in u mnnnor to"cirro lameness or pre
vent it in horses entrnstodlo our euro.
xfetTAll work warranted and at reasonable
HOUSE 70 T.ET. A nice residence, new-,
containing six rooms, will be ready for
a tenant anv time on short notice.
For particular:, inquire at
$,tl THIS OFFICE.
Astoria Steam Laundry.
J. T. LOKCHERS ....Proprietor.
Nond)l)ingorscniI)binjr. and no thrashing
your clothes too pieces. Ruttous sewed on
and clothes mended.
r-Neat work at reasonable prices. Give
us a call.
T. S. JENVETT.
B. S. KIMBA"LL.
Draying & Trucking.
ASTORIA TRUCK & DRAY -CO.,
Squemucqiie st., between Cass and Main,
Contracts for irayinjrTO:ido and satisfaction
guaranteed. Orders loft at tho Occident rlo
tel or received by mail promptly filled.
.TEWETT & KIMBALL.
o. r. sixcEXTns:,
(IX THE ASTOKIVMf BUILDING)
XTAS JUST PvECEIVKl) A -LOT OF KEW
S JUST UECEIVK1
jootls, consisting Of
MEN'S AND UOYS
CALT AND KD? BOOTS
'Buckle and Gongress Gaiters,
Women, Misses and Children's
Which -will be sold at the very lowest prices.
jTh. d. grat,
Wliolcsale and retail dealer in.
OYSTJ2HS, hy the SACK.
Hay, Oats, Straw, Wood, Etc.
General storage and Wharfage ou ioacou-
' t fc.