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About The Daily Astorian. (Astoria, Or.) 1876-1883 | View Entire Issue (Oct. 11, 1877)
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ASTORIA. OREGON :
D. C. IRELAXD Editor.
THURSDAY Oct. 11, 1S77
TIi Australian Trade.
The loading of the Sea Waif and
other vessels at Astoria for Australia,
leads us to inquire into the character
of the Australian trade. It is true that
the growth of Australia is so phenom
enal as to astonish even an American.
Our people arc slow to admit that any
other portion of the world bears the
palm for speedy development, yet they
must acknowledge that the British
colonies in the Pacific, in a little over
two decades, have grown with a rapid
ity never surpassed, and as a commer
cial people now take the first rank.
The total foreign trade of these col
onics during 1875 amounted to $458,
399,000, or about $200 per capita (as
the population is about 2,300,000),
while the foreign trade of the United
Slates, the same year, was less than
$28 per capita. Their imports from
abroad were $230,000,000, equal to
$104c capita. The extent of this
importation can be fully realized when
it is remembered that the total value
of farm products, the value created in
manufactures and the foreign imports
combined, or the entire productive
power of the United States in 1870, is
shown by the census to have been only
$127 per capita. Great Britain, whose
commerce nearly equals that of all the
rest of Europe combined, has a foreign
trade of about $100 per capita.
The gold mines of Australia have not
been inferior to those of our own coast.
Since the date when a Pacific coaster
iirst discovered the precious metal in
Victoria, that province alone has sent
out $850,000,000. The total produc
tion is estimated as $2,200,000,000,
and still continues at the rate of fifty
or sixty millions annually.
There is a remarkable similarity in
the history of the Pacific coast and
that of Australia. Gold was discov
ered in the two countries at about the
Mime time, and the extent of the pro
duction of this metal in the placer
diggings, both annually and in the ag
gregate, has been about the same. In
both, mineral wealth attracted popu
lation, and in both, when mining pass
ed into the hands of large capitalists,
agriculture and stock raising became
leading industries. In Australia the
vast area of open public land was an
incentive to settlement that did not
exist here, the most fertile regions of
California being covered by Mexican
grants which had in the meantime
passed into the hands of shrewd spec
ulators. This cheapness of land in
Australia stimulated wool growing to
an extent never before witnessed, and
the island now has something like 30,
000,000 sheep, which yield annually
about 250,000,000 pounds of wool.
The population has doubled in about
five years, and will, doubtless, receive
great accessions in the near future, as
the tide of European emigration, par
ticularly the Teutonic element, which
formerly poured into the United States
at the rate of three or four hundred
thousand annually, but has now drop
ped to 50,000, will be directed to the
The growth and commercial pros
perity of these islands is of vast import
to us, for it is in that direction we
must look for the enlargement of
our foreign trade. Our exchanges
with them are small at present; but
they are destined to grow to enormous
proportions. At present the chief ar
ticles produced in Australia are so
highly taxed by our tariff as to prevent
their importation, and our purchases
from her last year were principally
coal. Of the exports, wheat takes the
lead, being followed by salmon, hops,
quicksilver, Hour, lumber, and bailey,
these embracing three-fourths; the
balance consisting mainly of fruits
and manufactured articles, such as
brooms, machinery, paints, agricultur
al implements, etc.
Australia, like this coast is still in
its infanc3T, however, and as both grow
in wealth and population, each will
have a greater variety of productions
to exchange. We are a kindred peo
ple, with the same manners and cus
toms and speaking the same language,
and naturally desire mutual trade re
lations. It therefore behooves our
merchants and manufacturers to keep
a close watch for opportunities to ex
tend their business in these colonies.
The bank statement of Australia is
also very remarkable. The latest con
solidated report we have at hand
showed total liabilities, $227,535,000;
deposits, $150,855,000; capital stock,
$G5,G15,000; specie and bullion held,
$00,115,000. This is probably, the
heaviest proportional reserve of specie
held arywhere in the world.
Dr. Hall says that raw potatoes
are good to cure drunkenness. The
Murphy movement is at last accounted
A new name is proposed for the
two houses of Congress, in view of the
noise they make The Upper and
Lower Jaw. Exchange. What a
Miss Una Hawthorne never en
tirely recovered from the Roman fever
from which she suffered in 1858. She
wrote well, but never so rarely for
publication. But, with the assistance
of Robert Browning, she edited her
father's posthumous romance, "Septi
mius Eelton." She appeared to be
happiest in a retired and religious life,
and connected herself with a sisterhood
of the Anglican church.
Miss Evans, a daughter of Ephraim
Evans, esq., who lives in the vicinity
of Avon, in Missouri, is a wonderful
curiosity. She is only ten years old,
but is probably the largest girl of her
age on record. Her height is about
five feet, and she weighs 148 pounds.
Her features are even and pretty, and
she is lively and quick-motioned. Any
one would take her to be r. young lady
about the age of eighteen. She can
do more work, and do it better, than
the majority of
jnrls can at twico her
Puget Sound Fishing Interests.
The Intelligencer says: "The herring
oil business on Puget Sound, will, in
a few years, be carried on to an ex
tent equalling the pogy oil fishing of
the coast of Maine. Here the heavy
expense of steamers and the expensive
pocket seines will be saved, as the com
mon seine can be used for both catch
ing and haulinir the fish to the shore.
Inexhaustible quantities of herring
are found in most every bay and inlet
of the sound. Mr. Hammond, who
has operated on the coast of Maine,
informs us that one barrel of Puget
Sound herring will make one gallon
more of oil than a barrel of pogies.
The expense of catching and deliver
ing them at the factory is fifty per
cent, less here. The only advantage
they have there is that the scrap
brings from $15 to $18 per ton, while
here it is wasted ; but Mr. Hammond
is about to have this utilized and ship
ped. We think if the advantages of
! Puuet Sound over the coast of Maine
could be brought to the notice of those
fisherman who have had such a poor
season there, they would many of
them emigrate to Puget Sound where
the fishing as well as the oil business
can be successfully carried on. There
is occupation here for them all, and a
good market for all they can produce.
In the Air. The Cincinnati pa
pers are giving accounts of the open
ing of the new southern railroad from
that city to the Kentucky river, where
there is said to be the highest railroad
bridge yet built. It is 275 feet high,
having three spans, the middle one
375 feet long, and tho others 300 feet
each, the total length being 1,125 feet.
There is a bridge in Switzerland which
is 25-t feet high, but -with a span only
144 feet long, and one at Varrugus in
the Andes, 252 feet high, with spans
125 teet long. The piers of the Ken
tucky bridge are the largest in the
country, excepting those of the New
York and Brooklyn bridge, the stone
work being 130 by 47 feet, and the
base of the iron work 117 by 28. The
frame is all wrought iron, and was built
out from the abutments toward the cen
ter of each span. The fastening of
the junction points was accomplished
in a novel way. One sunshiny day
having expanded the framework, the
connecting bolts were fastened, and
so much secured; then a second day
of sunshine having civen all the ex
pansion the bridge was capable of, the
bolttf were made fast permanently. At
the opening, the other day, the bridge
was made subject to seven severe tests,
and stood thcm.all admirably.
Geueral Sherman in Victoria.
From the Colonist, September 27.
General W. T. Sherman, Commander-in-Chief
of the United States ar
mies, whose name has been rendered
famous by his "March through Georg
ia" during the rebellion, arrived in
town by the revenue cutter Oliver
Wolcott, Capt. Selden, yesterday.
General Sherman and staff were re
ceived by Hon. Allen Francis, U. S.
Consul, and called at once on His Ex
cellency the Lieut. Governor, at the
Government House, where they were
cordially welcomed. After leaving the
Government House the General and
staff drove to Esquimalt, and called
on Admiral De Horsey, Commander-in-Chief
of H. M. Naval forces in the
Pacific. The distinguished visitors on
approaching the flagship, were accord
ed the honor of a salute, and were
received by the Admiral and staff. Af
ter leaving the flagship General Sher
man visited the dock yard, and soon
afterwards returned to town. This
morning at 5 o'clock, the General and
party are announced to sail in the
Wolcott for Puget Sound. Gen. Sher
man is accompanied by Gen. Poe and
Colonel Bacon, and IIr. T. W. Sher
man, (his son), who acts as private
Secretaiy. On the way to Victoria
the putter visited San Juan, Island,
Bellingham bay and other ports. At
San Juan the sites for the fortifica
tions were inspected. From Victoria
the cutter will proceed to Port Anitel-
os, Dungeness, Port Townsend, Steil
acoom and Olympia. From Olympia
General Sherman and staff will pro
ceed to Oregon and California. Gen
eral Sherman holds a higher rank
than any military man who has visited
Victoria, position to which he attained
by great ability and indomitable xmek
in fighting the battles of his country.
Among the Owls and Bats. On
Monday morning, -when the secretary
of the State Agricultural society went
to take possession of his rooms at the
fair grounds he found it occupied by
an owl. We don't know what it was
there for, unless being a bird of wis
dom, he came to give information to
the society of the unfavorable weather
we are having.
There is a good market in Oregon or
agricultural products, owing to bhort
transportation to the Pacific Ocean, and
direct exportation to all parts of the
world, llailroad facilities. Navigable
rivers, including the great Columbia.
In Astoria. October 0, 1877, to the wife
of Mr. X. O.Borglund, a son.
TT A L33"TgLXL3E3.
Wharfage and Warehouse Storage.
Corner Chenainus ami Hamilton Streets.
icy in the treasury of Clat-
aii oniers presented prior
Such orders will ce;ise to
u and after this loth day of
J. "W. OEARHAllT.
isurer of Clatsop countv.
10, 1877. d3t-wlt
"Will be dispatched from Astoria to Tilla
THURSDAY, OCT. 11, 1877.
For freight or passage applv at Astoria to
V. S. KINXEY.
Boot & s5oR
Corner of Cass and-Squemocqha streets.
r"X M W
.yiiofe is ma
wiujiv to pa
ur, 1ST 7. m
FOR THE NEXT THIRTY DAYS
I WILL SELL ALL MT
LARGE STOCK OF
Mens', Boys', Ladies', Miss
es and Children's
BOOTS AND SHOES
Afc a considerable reduction from
prerioiis prices, many kinds
, C-J. SMITH, Prop.
Life Insurance Company
J. C. CAlMlOTJb.,
Geo. A. 31001112..
ASSETS GOLD COIH BASIS - $1,300,000
Tolal Death claims paid, over - - 700,000
HOME OFFICE, 41 SECOND STREET,
I. W. CASE President
C. S. WHIG I IT Vice Pnidont
C. JMIO VX Secretary
J. (J. A. BOW!, BY Attornev
M. D. JENNINGS... Mwlical Examiner
R. It. SPEDDEN, C. J. TRENCH AUD,
D. K. WARREN. JAV. GEARIiART,
I. XT. CASE, C. S. WRIGHT,
C. BROWN. J. W. GEAR HART,
li. ALEXANDER, li. R. SPEDDEX.
C. J.TREXC1IARD M. 1). JENNINGS.
C. P. UPSI LUli, W. II. T WILIGI IT.
I). K. W A li 1 iEX, J. Q. A. 1)0 WLB Y.
F. D. W1XTOX. 1 1 . P. ( JE Alill ART.
C. A. MeGUIRE,
Applications for Insurance may be made to
any member of the Hoard.
All receipts of this office loaned in Astoria.
No proviinn for our heirs is adequate that
is not immediate, for death may be nunu
Life Insurance tends to reduce taxation by
its reduction of pauperism and po.vibility of
crime. It is a national blessing and will at
no distant day be universally adopted.
The Life Insurance companies of the coun
try disbursed over .c7ti,uoo.ouo to their patrons
in 1S7. Death Claims, Dividends and Ma
Policies issued by the Pacific Mutual,
are fiee from the usual rertiictions on travel.
C. I2KOW3L Resident Agent.
. IV. CAREY, General Agent, Salem, Ogn.
A. is. t'OVALT, Portland. Oregon, General
Manager Northwestern Department.
Astoria, October 2, 1877. 3m
HEW GOODS ! HEW PRICES!
GEORGE W. CQRNAR7,
Is constantly receiving the finest assortment
BLANK ROOKS. STATIONERY. OFFICE
FIXTURES AND NOTIONS.
ALL THE LATEST PUBLICATIONS
SHEET MUSIC AND MUSICAL
Agent for Sherman & Hyde's Pianos and
Organs sold on Installments.
ALSO FINK IMPORTED AND DOMESTIC
CIGARS AND TOBACCO,
CONSTANTLY ON HAND.
North side of Chenanuis street, between Cass
and Mam - - - Astoria, Orkox.
J. H. D. GRAY,
"Wholesale and retail dcaler.in.
FLOUR, FEED, OATS, HAY,
STKAW. AVOOI. etc.,
Also wholesale dealer in
Shoalwater Bay OYSTERS,
Received fresh from the bed four times a
week. On the wharf foot of Renton street,
WHICH WILL BE SOLD AS LOW
AXY HOUSE IN OREGON.
BAIN &. FERGUSON,
ARNDT & FERCHEN,
BLACKSMITHS AND .MACHINISTS
x-g- Foot of Washington Street, jr,g3
Nm!m& near Kinnojs Fishery. fcSaV
-rr A5T01U A, OKEU UN. .
HAVING SECURED AN ENGINE AND
Latho, and the best of workmanship, we
uro now prepared to do
ALL KIN DS OF CANNERY WORK,
ENGINE AND STEAMBOAT
"WORK OF ANY DES
CRIPTION. CT3 norse-?hooing, ropniring, nnd all kinds
of blacka-urithing promptly attended to at rea
S. MERRILL & CO.,
Blacksmiths and Machinists,
Capt. ROGERS' OLD STAND .r J
Near bxnrcss umcc. kk
ASTORIA, - OREGON.
All work in our line, heavy or light, done with
neatnes? and dispatch.
HORSESHOEING, "WAGON, AND
Earin "Work a Specialty.
HAVING SECURED THE SERVICES OF
Mr. S. A. Gaines of Ky., an experienced
Farrier of 2:1 years in tho busines?, and well
known to Astoria horsemen, wo are prepared to
do shoein p in a manner to cure lameness or pre
vent it in horses entrusted to our care.
5"AH work warranted and at reasonable
i "ii'tlii mft 'jiiTvfuitjji''Vil
AUCTIONEER and COM MISSION AGENT
CREXAMUS ST. ASTORIA. Oil EUO.W
Consignments re?pectfuHy solicited, hillj col
lected nnd returns promptly made.
IlttgruSnr Snles Day. ttntnrttny,
Refer by permission to
WARREN Jt MfntTHS
Box. .1. Q.A. BOWLDY
a. vax dvskn.
T.. C. IEOXlKX. Auctioneer.
AUCTION & COMMISSION MERCHANT.
Office, on Main street opposite Wael.insi
From 7 to 9 o'clock 1 M.
Regular Sales IHy,
Sntnrilaj-. itt 10 G'CEock A. :??,
Will purchase and sol? real estate, raerchan-
disc, furniture, etc.
Consignments respectfully solicited.
Diagrams and terms to be had on application
to the Auctioneer. B, S. WuKSLhY
HOTELS AND RESTAURANTS.
R. II. CARD WELL. C. II. PERKLXS
Pavlier House Hotel,
Comer Main and Concomly streets,
, ASTORIA, OKEUON.
CartlTroIl & Perkins Proprietors
THIS IS THE LARCJEST HOTEL IN AS
toria. new anu now furniture, famished
in first clns style.
The table will be supplied with the best tho
market affords. Accomodations ti suit th
time.-, from si 25 to t2."0 per day.
Steamers and sail boat? leave tho wharves
and slips near tho Hotel, daily for Fort Ste
vens, Port Can by, Skipanon, Fort Clatsop
Sea Side, Ocean Beach, Knappton, Chinook.
Unity, Oysterville and other p!aces of rese: t
in this vicinity.
it-There- aro now five largo salmon can
neries in Astoria, which employ over 12h) per
sons in tho various branches of tho businVv.
making Astoria as it now is, a point of interest
to visitors, independent uf its cool invijjoratiut;
Cov. Squemocqlia and Lafa. otto Streets,
rpHIS HOUSE HAVING BEEN"
JL newly re-painted ami famished
throughout is now open to the accommoda
tion of the public.
uS""The hon.se bemi; in new hands now
can guarantee satisfaction.
ISonrtf anel I.otluinjr per Week .?" W--
ISonru per Vi celt t Ott-
MRS. M. K. TCKNER, Proprietress.
A. J. MEGLER, C. S. WEIGHT,
The Proprietors arc happy to annsmnco tb
the aboYo Hotel has bocn
Repainted and Refurnished,
Adding greatly to the comfort of its guests
IS NOW THE BEST HOTEL NORTH
OF SAN FRANCISCO.
SERVED IN EVERY STYLE AT
All kinds of Freneh. German and American
Candies constantly on hand, wholesale
and retail at the lowest cash frice.
Wedding cakes made to order tm short not ice.
The patronage of the public is respectfully
WATER STREET ROADWAY.
Onposito Oregon Steam Navigation Company's
Tho above new Restaurant will bo open
from andaftor to-morrovr, Sumla3. January
7th. Ib7t. D. BUSANICU A CO.
EOTAL TO THE BEST. AND
Cheap as the Cheapest, at
THK ASTOKIAN OKK1RK.
E. C. HOLDEN.
HOLDEN & LAUGHERY,
lIIMIOIiSTFRERS AXI FURXI
At tho ohl stand-HOLDEN'S AUCTION
ROOMS o,n Chonamus street.
All kinds of upholstciy and cabinet work dona
to order. Manufacturers of
Lounges, Spring Beds,
j&Uk nLJkT'JJ - 5k5 9 sim. S ,..
Of any sizo and quality.
Picture Frames and Furniture Manufac
tured or Repaired by Experienced
KSSecond hand Furniture bought and soldi
Holladay's Wharf, Main Streofc. Astoria, Ogiu.
BREAD, CAKES, PIES,
WILL BE SERVED TO PATRONS
of the Oregon Bakery of wliicft OL
Binder deceased, was proprietor, the saino a3
usual, by Mrs. CHARLES 1UNDEH.
.First Class Baker employed, and perfect
satisfaction guaranteed. All orders, largo or
small, promptly filled on short notico. Pat
ronage of tho public is respectfully solicited.
MRS. CHAS. BINDER.
Hot, Cold, Shower, "SgggS
Steam and SEl
Occident Hotel Shaving Saloqii,
NlEDEKAUKK it UftLTiNllAET,, ' '
OJ0Special attention paid to LADIES' andw
CHILDREN'S HAIR CUTTING . Ki- ,tn,l
cs5Privato Entrance for Ladics'ira,
4 J WJ