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About The Daily Astorian. (Astoria, Or.) 1876-1883 | View Entire Issue (June 17, 1876)
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5. 'C. IREE.AX0 ;: EDITOR
. Juxe 17, 1S7G.
CENTENNIAL PAPERS. No. 4.
"Tho American Colonist in Oregon.
By Reu. George H. -Atkinson, D. D;
Four years of trial of the provision
al government, under the executive care
of Hon. George Abernethy, (cho
sen twice to the office) proved its
wise adaptation to the wants of the
people. No better testimonial nded
be required te -the -wisdom'of the laws
or that of their execution.
Meanwhile the bitterness against
the American, 'became strong against
missions, and onore 'against 'the man
'who- had risked his life to save the
State and open a surer and wider field
for his own work of blessing the Indian
tribes. -Some of the crowd who wel
comed Jesus into Jerusalem with
hosannas, no doubt joined the other
crowd, who cried: "Away with him !"
" Crucify him, crucify him !" So this
savage Grew, who hact received many
favors from Dr. Whitman's hands, and
had pledged him tluir hearts, were
skillfully turned against him, and
roused to slay him and his family and
guests, November 2(Jth, 1847.
This cruel tragedy made a pVofound
impression in Oregon and throughout
the country. The settlers organized
a military force and marched iuto the
Indian country, defeated the Indians
in -several battles, and caused the jiiur
deis to be brought to "trial and execu
tion under the United States territorial
laws after Gen. Jos. Lane became Gov
ernor. 33y this prompt action the
power of the Americans was felt and
impressed on all the tribes. Peace
and prosperity attended the growing
settlements, but there were still inter
ests of education, of jurisprudence, of
agriculture and of commerce needing
While urging the GovcrftTficut of
the United States -to ox tend its author
ity over Oregon, the author of the
Territorial bill, passed by Congress
August 14th, 1S48, Hon. J. 'Q. ThoTn
ton, among others -and 'in addition to
the provisions excluding slavery, as
the people- had twice voted, and the
seventeenth section, enforcing con
tracts made under the provisional gov
ernment, also inserted the twentieth
section, granting the sixteenth and
thirty-sixth section in every township
for free schools. This act gave impulse
and security to this vast blessing for
the present and all future time. Other
gentlemen connected with the various
missions, or independently of them
have establishdd primary schools, 'sem
inaries, academies and colleges that
have already given an education of
more or less extent to thousands of
pupils. The same men, with others,
have aided in establishing the system
of public instruction now sustained by
law atid ecrual -taxation, which is grow- j
mg m power and value. Our churches,
founded by these pioneers, rank with
those of "Other States. In the leirisla-
tive and executive departments there
have been wrought out some of tiie
best results of self-government. Our
judicial beli'ch has not suiiered in com-
panson witn that oi any other folate,
The gentleman who represents the i The height is reckoned from the level of av
Supreme Court of the L nited States erac lowest water, to which the; soundings nro
has the distinguished honor of the 4 given on tho Coast Survey charts. When tho
approval of most of his decisions ly
that chief tribunal.
A fruitful soil :uut genial climate
have stimulated the atn-iculturist until
our farms rival those of any "Stale in
production of vegetables, fruits and
cereals, in the display and use oi the
liinsr, mniTiivoi linn iMnimt ivi t h
..VK.V. ... . , x- . VV. i.. '...... VW, J.
number and qw&lity of the liocks and
herds, in theaiimral outlay for improve
menis, ?vnd tho junwial exports of the
world's commerce. The forests-, the
fisheries and the mines have enlisted
the -energies of increasing numbers,
while -swift steamers plying our rivers,
and our iieets of commerce on the sea
attest the skill of our mariners, the
excellence of our harbors, and The j
breadth 'rtf .mercantile enterprise. ,
The American colonist in Oregon '
has founded a State which takes equal
rank with the other thirtv-seven of the
tt;- ; fi,, ;4-,n; ; ; ..,
viiiwii. xil uij. iiiiit;i.ij."cnuL; vii alo k,v.hi- i
stituency, the dignity of its represeh -
tation, and the strength of its i)ati'iot -
ism. In the -extent of its area and the .
variety and Tidiness ot its resources, '
its iniiies of coal and iron and the1
lrecioiL? metals, its vast whe.it land t
Airies, its grand forests, noble rivets '
:ma bays, kta the cifae :
liwice and England do the Atlantic,
it, is aeswnea to ueconie a riva oi uie
hief States of the republic.
As theieaceful and successful foiin-
ders of christian State, the American
colonists in Oregon have been clearly
led "by the guidance of the Prince of
"When mere commercial plans failed, j
and when the opposing policies of a
wealthy corporation imperiled the
infant colony, it was found that men I
connected with the various missions I
first and last were among the chief .
leaders and most efficient saviors
liicfrtviin slmll J
When the future
write up the records or tins state ior very near and adjacent to the tort and Lig
.1 i i..i .c j-i i,. ,wi. ,..;u .house, on iisiknv's liav. a beautiful sheet
Uie nui lureub 01 tuuuj-iiiu, ujiu "" I water, une-ualed for Sailing, Mowing, I-is
dwell where we tiow do, it will be Ins , sin,i i;.,t,;n- Tho dark forest with its
nleasant duty to inscribe 4he highest Uurcsqnc drives, its mountain spungy, nrofu
i x xi 1 1 1 - t suSn of wild berries, wild flowers and ferns,
honors to tliei lonccrAhicrMOiLolomnti, .tl j t u t lhe Cape for Equestrians or
of Oregon, and place the name of the
martyr, whitman, above tliein all
June 10 1S7G. J
Ydtir letter'addre&ed to nie, came
duly to hand. Briefly I will say to
you, -that -there is plenty of good land
in Nehalem valley for settlement
for hundreds of settlers. As to your
first, question the land along the river
is mostly timbered, though many
large swails are brush or grass lands,
the uplands are burnt woods with
some small prairies, :in my opinion
the maple and alder land on and near
the river is very good for farms. The
fish and game are very plenty, of the
very best, such as elk, deer and bear,
the best fish are salmon trout.
The tiver is large enough for steam
beats, from the upper settlement to
the Pacific ocean, distance seventy
five miles, with good land the entire
way, so I am told, though the best
portion I saw, when I was there, was
at the big bend, between the upper
and lower settlement, for a distance
of fourteen miles, and only twelve
mils :from the Columbia river, at
this .place with comparatively a level
couiiti7 to pass over. A good wagon
road-can be had from Forest Grove,
via- -?vehalein valley, to she river at
this place and nearly on a direct line
which 'in a short time will make the
mos't practicable shipping point for
those living on Kock creek, and the
east fork of the Nehalem.
It 'is a very healthy country un
doubtedly both for man and animals,
as there are a great number of salt
-springs between here and there, and
salting stock is unnecessary in the
vicinity of those mineral or -salt
springs. In short it is a good place to
looate, so it-seems, for one hundred
settlers have found comfortable
homes, and all seem well satisfied.
A company will start from here en
the 14th, to locate claims in the val-
ley, and make a road also, directly
from herein a westerly direction.
O. 'G. Cai'les.
TUlv 'j'aWo ror Astoria.
(Froih 'tables of United States Coast Survey.)
17 b :rt i4-l..
IS. ! 14 i JS..
is? 10 r-j io :ji..
. 2 :;i
. : 28
. 4 2".
. 7 10
. S 11
. 1) Ob
. !) 5
.11 221 3
.. 1 DO ....
... 2 o::...
.. :i -J2I...
... -I H...
2 01. ...
.. S ol
.. 0 :;
time in the a. m. column is followed by i it is
afternoon, and when in tho p. m. column by .v
it is forenoon.
Sim:ci w, NoncJi. Wo shall not, cannot, in ,
future, answer letters of inquiry written to us j
by parties desirous of scttlini: in t'lton, un- ;
li ani'li lpt.f.ov."? lit Jiitiiiirv cimhiin t li:iJt. ilio .
i amount of .-tamps necessary to pay iHK-tage on
"' 'li' iitvi. rui - cinia u miui
vi1 .ril nrnink fl,tll .jiitiiiiv f
ate dates, to any address in the United Uites,
A erirl to do general hoiiae work.
.AYapes $2o to $:i0 per monlh.
None but a good hand need apply.
Apply al Mas DAGGETT'S.
There will be a meeting of the An-ti-ehiiU'M'
club at the. Court lloiu on Sat-
urday, 17m, at -S o'cloclv s-hinv. Only
' members and thoe wisliiiut to "become
. members v.nllhn admitted. Hnsrno.; im -
i n j, ; v
ritjT ff KEAVAKD. LOS'H
. -tf" Pivu Dollaiis E eward will be
paid ttyhc find.:r of a mall pa.- book,
"' ler in it. addressed to Thomas E.
j tween A,tori:iam upper townreuaul paid
on leaving lhe book at this office, or at
the residence oJ Mr Goslin, .at upper
BIT YIEW HOUSE,
BACKER'S BAY, UNITY, W. T.
MR. IMEXTEK INFORMS TIIE PTTHLTC
Unit his House is now open for the re
ception of guests. Its advantages in every
too well known to Orcironians to repeat here.
To sti angers 1 will say that the place is in
l'lain sight and across the Hay from Astoria.
., Hia l.lt.l f;.t .r Pmio ll-inrrifk. sirwi
uii iiiu ciiuiiuilii emu vi v.. 1- - ...wvw.- -
walkers is one of the most delight ul 1'ano
rainas to the'oy c ever witnessed. The beaches
its caves, luxuriantly wooded Islands, its
views of Astoria, Chinook, Fort Stevens, moist
eld Tillamook, in the blue distance.
The courteous hospitality of the officers of
the 'Jiirrison at tho Fort, and also of .Mr.
M ilnn and family, of the Light-house, mako
thn't. place well worthy ot a visit.
Tho Skit Water Uathingin the bay. within a
few feet of tho hotel, excels anything far or
near, for warmth of tho water and mildness of
its waves, far preferable to tho heavy surf and
edld winds for women, children and invilids,
while the sturdy swimmer or those who lovo
the fan mine surf, in a few miuntcs walk will
lintla beach unsurpassed in beauty. Jiard and I
level for one continuous drive of thirty miles.
At this end are hueo rocky stretching out into
the ocean, from which lishornicn take from tho
sea Uass, Uocktish, Tom Cod, l'ogies. etc.. etc.,
Crabs. Clams, Oysters &c. , in abundance,
and tho Table will never lack a sufficiency of
thos ' desirable adjunc tsi. lioats upon the Uay,
Saddle Ponies for tho children, Teams to tho
Weather Beach. Croquet, Swings, Quoits, etc..
EJU:iO to Guests.
Pi ices reduced from the old tariff.
To thofo who would like to camp out, wood j
anu water mm ufcu in jrruunu uuu. vm'fnu,
provisions, milk, eggs, butter, etc.. for sale at
a Miiall profit. Campers can board at tho
Hotel if they prefer, at fair rates. A larire
Livery Stable, two new and lino Ten J i:i
Alleys, attached to the place.
ctagc office to Oysterville, 1'ostofficc, "Wells.
Fai go & (Vs office also there. No raw winds
or damp fogs, and more beautiful tracts and
shadv groves cannot be found. The only ro
gret tho Landlord has, is that the hnusoJs not
larger ; but his grounds are largo enough and
beautiful enough to warrant next season a
Hotel worthy of any souroundings.
C. II. mSXTiSSt, Proprietor.
1776. CENTENNIAL 1876.
The Undersigned besf leave
t call the att-ention of
the public to his re
cent arrival of
STAPLE AND FANCY DRY GOODS
GENTS AND YOUTHS
CIOTIIING, BOOTS AND -SHOES,
Hats and Caps,
CSrA special invoice of Centen
nial Flag Calico just received call
ATain street, Astoiia. Oregon.
Columbia Bar Saloon
Jas. M. Ly'CH Proprietor,
IT. H. Cutter's and-Miller's1
Extra Old Bourbon
W. Eridges &. Son's LONDON PORTER,
McEwans ALE.Holland and GenevaGINS.
A new l'Jiclan & Collendar American Car
om ItflHard Table with patent cushions.aiid a
And a choice line of importod "W'lXES and
J'UitOhfc to which 1 mv.ite the attention of
"'' iw-"era umi iiiu puuuc geiieiau .
.ijz. .u. JXJSOll.
ttt i -rri i -i -r ,.
JjaCVS V07bA.7lOlVl7lg.?retenloa would-be Monitor up in &hc
A. W. Cone, - - Astoria! $&" To a stranger what a sad common-
! Initt tuiir. ''tlwi iirirln 111 .flliili ll'ltlv'f llinltll
SIGN OF THE GOLDEN SHOE.
i Cannot be beat in tho Loot and Shoo line.
J Call and see him.
S1GX OF TILE GOLDEX SHOE,
Main Street, Astoria.
In Great Variety, at
-VLAI & V cU libhy OLUIl,.
7776. ASTORIA ! 1876.
Fourth of July Celebration.
OWING TO THE DILATORY AC
tion of our Solid Mon, concerning
the great National holiday,! feel compell
ed to tell citizens generally, throusrh the
Abtormn that through the instrumentality
of some of our citizens, new timber, I am
enabled to oner tnu following as a part of
lht. A Regatta by
theEUliermen who 2
iet fctay, showing
the nerve ami mil-
cle which is our pride, in
A GRAND ELEET 2
Two Hundred Boats,
Perhaps 250 of them!
of the finest build that
'fzzzaszr qvvv cam c
-ss??3 wor vnon rz
sailing (jualitieS ln the o
world, upon "B
For aPms of $1,000
IAS0STIC, AND ALI
To Join Procession !
"Who may be
Sojourning in the
city to come
and st with us
at tho Centen
nial Dinner ta
bic, and enjoy
the luxury of
Prepared by the People!
pT If necessary tind
-! Eequisite to Success!
Socondly, Let us got up a diipLvy of fire
works, for vh ich we have the funds.
Third, Literary Exorcises by our learn
ed and eloquent men including a Poem,
by a gentleman known to be lully compe-
l'air greeting and kindly remem-
1 braneo of out- children.
J Pout th, A National Salute, which I
propose to tire, and other exerci.-ea k be
I deline.Ci In a meeting ol ourcitizens, which
j We now call, for
q a -pj tt) -pv a r TTT7T7 ATT A7r
jriiuivuni u, v jlinjlwj,
Juxk 17, 1S7G, at 8 o'clock.
it Spiritual Hall, .
me all SocU'tics, all Lodge.-, Chanters,
'Civcds and Nationalities, (excepting
always 1he Chinamen), and make
! of this an affair ponal to our
, of the people of Atoria,i their very readT
wisrh to iakoit'diist from their feet upon
the Great National Holiday, and fly to
Portland! AVflieru is .your boasted self-
reliance of the Commercial Community
of Astoria? that a stranger is lead to infer
from general conversation, that the
Great Centennial Day will pass here no
ticed only b3 your children? for upon m3T
woid Young America will celebrate, and
i thereby bring a reproach to his progeni
tors a thousand tur.es snarper than the
serpent's tooth. I notice hand bills about
I town telling of great expectations in far
1 interior -suit of way communities where
i their opportunities mut of :i necessity be
, small, will then our people let the day
j pass unnoticed? I hope not. No; forman
' hood. Xo; for patriotism. No; lastly,
for the God-given prerogative of the
American, to honor hi own'Hoine.
far the Volunteer Com.
l 1 1
t T7 W )mft
W. Hume's Portland
7J7lC0"ntT CI -I-V M-M-I"T7I tT)ATm .-Tr
YJCiOO.Ej.Ljia JUM JLJOJCj -ti-JDU V JCj :,2v.
line -will leave w
San Francisco regularly every seven days
for the Columbia Liver :
Brig SEA WAIE 273 tons.
will be followed by the
Bark DAWN 250 tons.
Sch. HERA 389 tons.
Brig HAZARD S9G tons.
jfc7" For freight or passage apply to
G. W. DUKUO'.W
SIS Front St. San Francisco.
GEO. II. FLANDEKS. Agent.
TLWACO STEAM NAVIGATION
TJNTIL FURTHER NOTICE
Gen. CANBY, - J- K
I J-JljJj L)1j 1JS li'j.-VJirsJLco 1U 1)J
TXT "TT-' T"V "T"T t "T"r""T-rr rnv T--
all kinds or towinsr at reaonabhs
rates. Either tho Canby or Varuna will
make trips every
EOR ILAVACO fTTnity),
p8 CALLING AT WAY PORTSr
And return the same day. Leaving
the iisiml hour, S o'clock. A. M.
i&T Tho reputation of these steamers guar
aetees safo and speedy ti ansit to any point
iKST" For charter, freight, passage, or tow
age, apply on board, or at tho otlico of tho
Company in Case's Jiuiltling, Astoria, or to
J. II. D. UK AY, Agent.
Jiv order of L. . LUOMJS. President
Unity id Oysterville Stages !
lioosuis cfc arri:tlacrs - - 1'roprietors
STAGES IX TITE ABOYE LIXE
3 will leave Unity Tuesdays and Satur
dayson tho artival of tho
STEAM NAV, COMPAHY'S STEAMER H
From Astoria, and will leave Oysterville Mon
days and Fridays, connecting with the Ilwaco
Steam Navigation Company's steamer for
itj" Passengers Ticketed through; also, thro'
dills ot lading xivcn tor treijrlit.
INToti o o-
FROW AND AFTER THIS DATE
charges and advance on freight land
ed at tho 0. S. S. Co.'s Wharf, Astoria, must
bo paid before tho freight leavo3 tho ware
house. J. G. HUSTLER,
COLUMBIA RIVER PILOTS.
Ofllco at tho
OCCIDKNT HOTEL, iA
H, A. SNOW.
l E. FEKCIlfctf .
C. rf. WRIGHT, Agent.
For Freight or Charter.
THE Al KEW SLOOP,
Geo. Flavel, 2k,
PPvED WASS raster.
Is now in readiness for business, and offers
suporior accommodation to tourists on the bay.
iCS" Will x:arry freight or passengers to any
point at reusonablo rates. Apply on board .
New Pleasure Yacht.
-tujie NEW SLOOP
1. C. SHIVERY Master.
Is notv really for freight or charter to any
point on tho bay. J laving lino accommoda
tions for ploasuro seekers and a record for
fast sailing, offers superior accommodations
For freight or charter, at reasonablo rates,
apply at the restaurant of K. C. 1 1 olden.
d, It. C. S11IVEL 1 Astoria.
Astoria and Knappton.
"DEGTJLAR DAILY MAIL BOAT.
J. A. RICHARDSON - - - Mastek.
Will leave Astoria,
FOR KNAPPTON AND RETURN
XKS" For freight or passage, at living rates,,
apply on board, or at I- AV. Caso's store.
Astoria Sail Loft,
NOW PvEADY FOP. BUSINESS.
Patronize Home Manufactores Keep the Money Here,
THE UNDERSIGNED DEGS LEAVE
to inform the public in general, and tho
fishermen particularly, that he is now prepar
ed to make sails of every description on short
notice, and at reasonable rates.
Address: A. M. JOIIXSQN,
BILLS OF LADING, WAY BILLS,
Receipts, and all kimls of Cornmeiv
cial Printing, done at the Astorian office.
CALL, EXAMINE, (XRDEB.-S