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About Wallowa chieftain. (Joseph, Union County, Or.) 1884-1909 | View This Issue
rublUlieil Kvrry Week,
"Tli! Is above all a reading ngo.
but linw many people read the Bible?"
The sad cast- of Charles M. Schwab
hould be a warning to the American
"hustler" ami this is no joke.
The Crown Prince of Sinm managed
to sidestep all the free-advertisiu' in
tentions of the boubrettes and chorus
The average wonian may not be able
to tell a joke, but she can tell the
ecent of cloves at any hour of tho day
Why Is the new arrival always railed
"a bouncing boy?" Because he makes
you bounce out of bed like a rubber
ball at 2 b. m.
A Missouri fanner owns a mule that
Is thirty-four years old. How did he
happen to let the British remount
agents get past?
Harry Lehr says Colonel Watterson
Is rude. Sir. Lehr has not gone so
far, however, as to threaten to 6lap
the colonel on the wrist.
The man who backed Baldwin Is fit
ting out another polar expedition. His
enthusiasm evidently has his discretion
down and Is sitting on It.
For some reason or other -we often
read that some man or other has "dis
appeared suddenly." It would be truly
remarkable to read of one who disap
Oom Taul's book complains of
harsh treatment. There is only one
way for Oom to get even, and that Is
to head a big trust and soak It to the
Ambitious youths should not Jump
uasuij to the conclusion that the
quickest and surest way to get rich Is
to become a burglar or train robber
Occasionally one of these fellows
it is stated that Mr. Carnegie has
been giving away money at the rate of
rw.uoo.OOO a year. How the British
ui eminent would like to have the
cash to apply to steamship, subsidies
na so offset American competition!
The man who offered a prize for the
woman who would write him the best
love letter failed to make the most of
bis opportunities. He would have had
more fun If he had offered to give the
prize to the girl who proved herself
most proficient In the matter of making
v to mm personally.
There Is a disposition to decry hobby-
numg as an occupation unworthy of a
man with a full Intellectual eauiument
The man of one Idea may be a bore at
times and Is commonly so voted bv
people with no Ideas and no paramount
Issues, but, after all, he Is the njau who
ccompnsueg most, and without his In
latent purpose and continuous Indus
iry in me particular propogaoda to
which he devotes himself many of the
influences which make for progress and
from which the human race derives an
Immeasurable aggregate benefit would
cease to be operative.
A great spirit was released from Its
human bondage when Elizabeth Cady
ctanton died. Her name Is larelv
attached to the equal suffrage move
ment and she did furnish much of the
oraius of that movement for more than
"half a century. But she did more than
that. She left the Impact of her life on
u the statute books of her country
VntnHnn li - , ...
. i..6 uci imw mw omce at an
arly age, she was the first to point
out the hard and unjust rules of the
common law as to married woman nnd
the amelioration of that law was her
ue work. More than that. She was
successful wife and mother. Where
is mere another woman who has onn
trlbuted so much both to the laws and
Marie Corelli has tonched upon some
onpleasant truths In her diatribe
gainst uncultured and Illiterate Amer.
leans who emphasize their vulgarity
wuu tueir minions. These same folk
meet with little sympathy In their own
country, where It is felt that they dis
credit the nation by the exhibition of
those traits which Miss Corelli con
denins. But such people are not the
whole of the false coin of humanity.
There are crude, pretentious, vulgar au
thors, who exert quite as bad an lnflu
nct with spurious tales which would
pass off the shallow for the profound
ud bait the credulous with Irreverent
mystical nonsense. In her moments of
elf-searcbing Miss Corelli may perhaps
-think of some such person.
There Is an ocean of difference be
tween housekeeping and home-making.
One Is a business, the other an
rt. Many women make great suc
cesses In the business who fall abso
lutely in the art Their houses are
perfectly kept. Every department is
run with care nd exactness. There
Is never a failure to meet demand;
but it is not a home. A home for the
comfort, happiness nnd health of the
family. There Is no department of
housekeeping that Is not made to yield
to the needs of any member. There Is
never a crisis of temper If a meal Is
late or the convenience of a member
demands a change In the hour. A few
minutes yea, even a number of mln
ntes sclent in kimlty converse in the
morning, the call of a friend, or theN lllSTOllIC lMlISO
sudden desire for an hour's outing, J "
never seems to the home-maker a vlo-
lntloii of the moral code. Dust does JHE TOMBS, NEW YORK, SCENE
;,. ,, ,:" "., .;: ;
to call nervousness. Not things, but
souls, are t lie objects of the home
maker's care. She values peace more
than system, happiness more than reg
ularity, content more than work ac
complished. Yet, with It all, her home,
when she touches perfection. Is the
essence of regularity. It is this that
makes home-making an art,
The youii'i man is having his turn.
A distinct feature of the times is im
portance of the part being played In
all great affairs. President Roosevelt
became 44 years old recently. He Is
the youngest President the nation
ever had. It is the day of young men.
Great fortunes are made nowadays
early In life, or else, the chances are,
they are not mnde at all. Young men
set their marks In whatever calling
they choose aud go upward to them
In leaps and bounds. Most attain their
places in the social plan before middle
life. It Is n period of electrical rapid
ity in all things. By striking coiucW
dence, nearly all the grea rulers of
Europ are comparatively young men.
While one of the youngest rulers of
nations. President Roosevelt is the
senior of several. For Instance, Nich
olas of Itussla is only 34 years of age,
while William II.. of Germany. Is a
year younger thau the President.
Queen Willielmina, of Holland, Is
young enough to be the President's
daughter, having been born as late as
18S0. Kuang Hsu, Emperor of China,
has but M) years to his credit, while
Sultan Abdul -Azzlz, of Morocco, was
born In 1878, and the Khedive of Egypt
is only i!S. King Carlos, of Portugal,
is another who is junior to the Presi
dent, having boen born In 1801, while
his near neighbor, Alfonso, of Spain,
hns not readied his seventeenth birth
day. Ferdinand, of Bulgaria, is still
another, he having first seen the light
in 1801. Alexander, of Servla, is quite
a youth in comparison with him. how
ever, having been born in 187G. King
Edward VII., of Great Britain, Is one
of those called a young ruler, but he Is
a grandfather and is 17 years older
than President Roosevelt. All of these
come into their places by heredity, and
ago has no effect In their selection. It
Is by chance alone that all but two or
three of the leading sovereigns of Eu
rope are below the traditional age
when rulers are supposed to ripen into
Apart from humanitarian senti
ments, the budgets of the nations need
but casual study to convince one of the
folly of war. Of course, there have
been wars where the highest prtncl
pies have been involved. There have
been from time to time, and probably
will recur as long as man Is man, con
ditions that demand betterment and
arouse the loftiest instincts of liberty
and seir-preservatlon In a nation, even
to the point of drawing the sword. But
Mars is not long on principle. Greed.
Jealousy, the barbaric love of blood it
self, too often are the ruling incen
tives on one side or the other in Inter
national contests. And when the strife
is over there Is not only suffering and
misery in thousands of homes ravaged
by the battle demon, but there is as a
generality a heritage of debt that,
with its accumulating Interest, falls
heavily upon the shoulders of poster
ity. Take the national debt of Great
Britain. This year it Is estimated at
about $3,850,000,000, and of this over
one-fourth is directly traceable to
wars during the last sixty years. A
billion dollars of war debt left unpaid
by one country In less than two gen
erations! Over two-thirds of this arose
from the South African war alone.
while the Crimean war Is down In the
treasury books of John Bull at over
$200,000,000. The rest Is made up
from expenditures in the Canadian In
surrection and China war In 1841, the
Kanr war or 1849. the Abyssinian in
1869, the Russo-Turklsh and South Af
rican wars of 1878-9, and the Egyptian
operations of 1880. Not a war in the
list was a contest to a finality with
any great power And yet, how mod
ern warfare, as exemplified In the re
cent Boer conflict, has swollen the to
tal! No wonder the treasury Is a good
brake on the War Departments these
days! It costs enough, surely, to keep
up an army aiid navy of decent size In
this wealth-producing and wealth-dis
tributing era, but a war for suprem
acy between Great Britain nnd Rus
sia, for instance, would be won only
at the cost of practical bankruptcy.
The greatest ally of the international
arbitration and universal peace project
la the cost of war.
How the Cities Grow.
The calendar year 1901, according
to a recent report of the United States
geological survey, was the greatest In
the history of the country In city
building. Forty-two cities submitted
reports to the department In response
to Inquiries and these showed that
the total number of permits Issued in
those cltl.es were 83,571, as against
68,417 for 1900, a gain of 17,154, or
25.07 per cent. The value of the build
ings erected on these permits in 1901
was J372.173.631, compared with $241,-
501,585 in 1900, a gain of $130,037,040,
or 54 per cent
Big Carrier Pigeon Itaco.
Two thousand three hundred carrier
pigeons recently took part in a race
from Rome to Ghent.
After a man has done wrong, ho
more thoroughly understands the im
portance of Jfeeping a secret.
It the average man's salary were ri
short as his memory he would starve
tragedy and romance.
Old IlaMtle to Ite Foon Torn Down
Criminals of World-V Me Notoriety
Who Have Hecu ConHued YVituia lia
The historic old Tombs prison In
Kew york llu8 bei,n pructh.allv anmi.
doiied and lis inmates truuslerred to
the new city prison. With the excep
tion of the boys'.uud women's depart
ments, the old structure will be de
molished, and the whole block will be
inclosed by u high granite wall, with
handsome gates, which, with the new
(sidewalks, will cost about $173,000.
In all New York there is hardly a
more historic spot than the old Tombs.
lt has held the most notorious crim
inals thj world ever knew millionaire
murderers and lawbreakers of every
description. From It novelists tmd
historians have druwn a world of ma
terial. It was in the old Tombs that Ed
ward S. Stokes, the slayer of "Jim"
ask, fretted and fumed while the
best legal talent In the country fought
to secure his release. Stokes came
within an ace of being hung on the
Tombs gallows, which, by the way,
was abolished when tho electric chair
made Its appearance.
"Boss" Tweed once resided within
the walls of the old prison, as also did
James D. Fish, charged with a gigan
tic swindle which brought about a
financial panic In 1SS3.
But now the old prison has played
Its part In the history of New York,
and It will soou vanish, leaving as
the only reminder of its existence in
numerable stories, In some of which
tragedies are strangely Interwoven
The first building used for a Jail in
New York City was built In 1042 at
Pearl and Coentles Slip. When this
structure became Inadequate another
jail was built tn present City nail
Park and remained In use until 1775,
when n new bridewell was erected.
Here a notable execution took place
In 1741 when seven negroes were
hanged for alleged complicity In the
negro riot of that year.
In time the bridewell became lnade-
OLD TOMus 1'UISON IN NEW. YORK.
quate and the Tombs was the result
The latter building was erected on
ground built up In what was called
Collect Pond a small sheet of water,
separated from the river by a strip of
marsh land. On this pond John Fitch
made his first experiments in steam
The story of how tha Tombs got Its
name Is Interesting. John L. Stevens,
of Hoboken, had published a book en
titled Stevens' Travels, In which he
gave an account of his trip through
Asia and the Holy Land. Among the
Illustrations was one of an ancient
Egyptian tomb. This Illustration so
Impressed the committee which had
the matter of a new prison under con
sideration that it reported In favor of
a building for that purpose on the plan
of the Egyptian tomb, and suggested
the name "The Tombs."
The Tombs occupies an entire block
at Franklin and Center streets. On
W aTV mmM tfcaa a.- Z
NJCW YORK'S NEW CITY PRISON.
the right of this entrance is the Tombs
Police Court and on the left the Court
of Special Sessions. The latter is con
nected with the prison in the rear by
a bridge, known as the Bridge of
Sighs, from the fact that condemned
prlsonehrs are led across it after con
viction. Some Noted Prlaonera.
The first prisoner of Importance to
enter the Tombs was John C. Colt, the
great manufacturer of firearms, who
was charged with the murder of Sam
uel Adams. His trial lasten ten days,
nnd In that time his friend, Caroline
Henshnw, attracted as much attention
as tho -well-to-do murderer. It was
the doomed man's desire that he be al
THE DICK SHOOTING StASON.
lowed to mnrry her before he was
hanged, nnd, agreeable to his wish,
the ceremony was performed n't noon
on the fatal day the execution being
fixed four hours later.
The bride was accompanied by
Colt's brother nnd John Howard
Payne, the author of "Home, Sweet
Home." Rev. Sir. Arthur performed
the ceremony. The woman went away
and the prisoner asked to be left alone
until "his time was up." His wish
Just as the clock was nbout to strike
4. while n great, excited crowd stood
about the prison, the cry of fire was
heard, and It was found that the cu
pola of tho prison was ablaze. Rev.
Mr. Arthur went to the cell to Inform
Colt that all was ready. He found
ine man aend with n knife in his
henrt. One of the burning questions
after the Colt episode was: "Who gave
mm the knife?" Many people be
lieved that during the excitement con
sequent to the burning of the cupola
Colt was allowed to escape and a body
Buusiuuteo uy his friends to convey
me impression of suicide.
When "Bill" Poole, the butcher prize
ngnter, was killed the Tombs received
many distinguished guests. James Irv
ing, John Morrlssey, later a valuable
man in lamuiany Hall, State Senator,
and member of Congress; James Turn
er and Patrick McLaughlin were In
dicted for the murder and were lodged
in the Tombs. .
Formerly executions took Dlace in
the central court yard, but since the
substitution of electrocution for hnnir
ing all legal killings In the State are
earned out In the penitentiaries.
One of the noted criminals that the
Tombs sheltered was Albert E. Hicks,
the pirate. His execution, however!
did not take Jlace at the Tombs. On
the day set for his execution he was
driven to Bedloe's island and was
there executed in the presence of 10,
The new city prison Is a thoroughly
modern structure, embracing many. Im
provements not found in other places
of detention. It has 820 cells.
ASSIST GROWTH OF VINES.
Electric Current Are Uaefnl to the
Wine Grower! of the World.
Experiment recently made by a
wine producer In Elba, . Germany, In
the use of electricity In grape culture
form the subject of a report to the
State department by United States
Consul General Guenther at Frankfort
According to the report the wine pro
ducer several years ago planted four
fields with native grapevines, In the
midst of a district infested with phyl
loxera, nnd treated two of these fields
with "air electricity." The difference
In the development of the grapes of
the fields was apparent, and demon
strated that electricity Increased the
fertility of the soil. The fields so
treated yielded better results both In
quantity and quality and were not In
fected with phylloxera, as was the
case with the other fields.
It Is explained, however, that It Is
not sufficient to slmpjy conduct air
electricity to the earth, but that there
must be a direct metallic connection of
the electric conduit with the main stem
of the plant. In the case of the expe
riments described five masts were
erected on a field of nbout two nnd a
half across, nnd the tops of the -masts
were provided with nn arrangement
for accumulating atmosphereic elec
tricity. These accumulators were con
nected with each other by wires.
Wires were also laid in the sail about
one and one-half feet deep, so as to
form an evenly distributed metallic
net. Every accumulator was connected
with this metallic net by a wire run
ning nlong the mast. Short wires con
nected with the plants, the free ends
being stuck Into the stem or Into the
main root thereof. If this metallic ful
fills expectations It will undoubtedly
prove a most important invention.
ANECDOTE OF EDWARD VII.
Uow Ite Mado Foft Answer to a Fish
During the early manhood of Albert,
Prince of Wales, now Edward VII.,
King of England, the royal yacht con
taining him aud several of his com
radon wn omipi., .i
Cornwall, waiting for southing new
to turn up for their amusement, writes
a contributor to the Ledger Monthly
The sturdy fishermen along the const
were not so lightly employed. On
board one heavy boat all was not going
well. The seines hauled with unusual
difllcultv. A how .oii y.. .,.!
th .n' " " " "1"
them in snags on the bottom, tearing
them in places as they came np. The
supply of fish was small and discour
aging, but they must be reset, never
theless, so the work went on.
The largest net seemed most firmly
lodged and. many efforts failed to bring
u to the surface. With stubborn Da
tlence they loosened and pulled In vain. I blo without cort on his regular Long
Finally, after many attempts to extrl-1 if ,an ra"!0ad pn88' Whcn 1,0 Vvachv
cate it they decided upon a steady I ?eW York he was c,ltltlwl to rl(k dowI"
united pull at the net's own risk nud'tWn WltJ'0Ut glvl"s up a nlckel to tlRV
ranged themselves accordingly. "One I roa1, U,r' 08 one of tlle ,lrect,,rs of
two, three-pull!" Suddenly the thing i 0 L ComPay- h-'. u' course, had an
gave way. so suddenly that the fore-i pasS' Tllus he 8aved encl1 lluy 10
most man. barely keeping his feet I entS' t0 do wnlcn he endured the long
was hurled with some violence against I ride dow,ltown " the L, with its hot,
a stranger who had Just stepped onBooty. Boft-coal engines.
board from a small boat alongside.
lhe collapse was a surprise to the
fisherman, who had not seen the ap
proaching boat and knew not whence
It came. The shock added fuel to his
already worn-out patience. Without a
glance at the Intruder he drew up his
arm and sent his brawny elbow with
no particularly gentle force Into the
stranger's side, exclaiming, roughly:
"Get out of my way! What are you
doing here anyhow?" There was an
Instant's ominous pause. Both faces
were a study. Then: "I beg your
pardon, sir," said the Intruder, In as
gentle a tone as he could command,
"I did not mean to get In your way.
we came over to see your fish."
"And who may you beT gasped the
fisherman, with a sudden painful
quicsening ot the imagination.
"Only Albert, Prince of Wales, and
ueir to your country's throne, my good
sir." was the calm but truly vengeful
Then there were other apologies and
a generous present of fish to repay the
rudeness, says the Detroit Free Press'
and in all his realm tn.n ah.l
Edward has no more devoted ,w
than the aged fisherman, still living on
the Cornwall coast, whose wrath he
appeased by the mild reply of a gen
tleman when there seemed ainnl
cuse for another sort of revenge.
Once upon a time a Righteous Clti.
zen witnessed a ComW
Big Man and a Small Bov. Th. m
Man laid about him mightily and
smote the Small Boy hip and thigh
who upon the Tip of his Toes could
n!.tTTr?,C? th.e Bl Man'8 n'"tbnnd.
Hold." cried the Righteous Citizen
as the Big Man proceeded to sit '
upon the Small Boy. 'it g not a Fal"
Fight! The Small Boy 8 hitting thl
Big Man below the Belt!" Life
A Slight Difference.
Miss Gushlngton-Mr. D'Anw
showing us some of his sketches In oil
I think his style Is just cut? 11
Mr. Knox-Oh, I wouldn't nv .,
exactly. ' vu"'
Miss Gushington No?
Mr. Knox-No; I should sa
Money that n man doesn't Hvo i.
remaining n bachelor would probublv
support a wife nnd ten children.
OWNED BY HIS MILLIONS.
Bneaelt Bage Helpleee to the Power of
Ilia Accumulated Wealth.
Russell Sage Is the most Indefatlg.
able financier in the world to-dav
Conservative financiers, who know
what they are talking about, will tell
you that Russell Sage is worth more
than a hundred million dollars, and
that he has at least twenty-five mil
lions in cold, hard cash an amount of
ready currency greater thau that pos
sessed by any other millionaire. Ue
has been working hard since his early
youth. He was a member of Ciiugrcss
long before the present generation of
men and women cuiue Into being., For
fifty years he hasn't inffised, ul; sum
med up, more than sixty days from hi8
office, Including ocusional Indlsposi.
tions, rare two or three-day vaca
catlons and business absences from the
city, nnd so on. Even when the crazy
chap threw a carpet-bag full of dyna
mite nt Mr. Sage a few years ago the
old gentleman was recovered from the
shock and back ut his desk two days
later. His friends confidently expect
to see him haggling with ."Apple
Mary" over the price of the two ap
ples, which he takes for his luucheon.
for a good many years to come vet.
Mr. Sage has worn the same overcoat
for six years now, nnd It Is n pretty
seedy-looking affair. He wears shock
ing hand-me-down clothes ami Impos
sible hats, this constituting one of the
secret sorrows, It Is said, of his amiable,
generous nnd even-tempered wife.
None of the stories bearing upon Rus
sell Sage's acute .appreciation of the
uiu ui money j exaggerated, nereis
ZrT xvf? T V '"'"T"
e U" f?"' n'en llv " 0,1 Lo"
1 ITT T ? to meet
' . Isl""a 8,tl" ftt
. f .n 'w.T 1', t0 T.',
! "' "V ? 81tIeet,',lll, ud tUu8
aV,T ee tr?utb,"of "os8 " ovfr
!t0 New York niltl tak'iff the L train
downtown to their
offices. They ar
ranged to pay 10 cents each per morn
ing for this ferry ride from Long Island
City to Wall street, New York. They
invited Mr. Sage to join them. But Mr.
Sage wouldn't. He continued to cross
over to New York on the ferry to Thirty-fourth
street, which he was entitled
I GETTING EVEN WITH WOMEN
A certain French merchant who died
in the year 1001 left a very handsome
legacy to a lady who had refused t
marry him twenty yenrs previously
The will stated that the testator made
the bequest In order to express to the
legatee his gratitude for her forbear
ance in leaving him to lead a happy
bachelor life of Independence and;
freedom. A British sailor by his will
directed his executors to pay his w!f
the sum of 1 shilling " to buy hazel
nuts, as she hnd nlways preferred
cracking these to mending stockings."
The will of John George of Lambeth,
who died In 1791, ran thus, says th
People's Friend: "Seeing that I have
had tho misfortune to be married to
the aforesaid Elizabeth, who ever
since our union hns tormented me in
every possible way; that she has done
all she could to render my life miser
able; that henven seems to have sent
her Into the world solely to drive roe
out of it; that the strength of Samson,
the genius of Homer, the prudence of
Augustus, the skill of Pyrrhus, the pa
tience of Job, the philosophy of
Socrates, the subtlety of Hannibal,
the vigilance of Hermogenes, would
not suffice to subdue the perversity of
her character; that no power on earth
can change her weighing maturely
and seriously all these considerations,
I have bequeathed and hereby be
queath to my said wife Elizabeth tn
sum of 1 shilling to be paid to her
within six months after my denth."
Japs tn Hawaii.
According to J. K. Brown, Inspector
of immigration for the Hawaiian Isl
ands, the Japanese labor which has
flocked to the country since the exclu
sion of the Chinese Is less desirable for
plantations than the Chinese. Neither
the white nor the nntlves of Hawaii
will work on the plantations. It Is na
Interesting fact, ns explained by Mr.
Brown, thnt In some cases the Japan
ese learn trades nnd displace white
skilled laborers. In nil the discussion -of
Chinese exclusion In the United
States there hns been very little said
nbout the Chinese supplanting skilled
labor Buffalo Express.
When those we like piny it, It Is a
violin, but when those wo dislike h
O'n to finger It, it is a Uddlo. .