The Oregon statesman. (Salem, Or.) 1884-1892, January 07, 1887, Page 2, Image 2

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    THU OREGON GTATTLIAIJ : miY, JZ TUZyj 7. 1- 7.
KJ '
: 1 1
jidins of SalemFirst
3etilement by Whites.
! of all lots or land so divided with the
aid trustees. This contract was signed
by Dr. Willson, but not by his wife, and
after congress had passed the donation
and Retarded GrowthOre-1
ron's Early GovernmentSa-
lem's Pioneer Industries.
act giving to the daimant'a wife one half
ot a is cuura la uer own ngui, an. ? u
on refused on her part to convey to the
I trustees of the Institute two thirds of her
individual portion of said claim, except
ing a email portion. This led to a serious
trouble between the parties, which was
finally settled, bat not antil after a rig
orous application of the ecclesiastical
tourniquet had been made upon the re-
I fractory member.
The city of Baiera opened in the "winter of 147-8, by the
-hi eastern) Dana " jujuusmc i late Thomas Cox. senior, who was an lm-
. Te in the midst of a beautif al agrical-1 migrant of the previous falL The build-
-1 region. The main portion w we TCTi
. , , i t I on comer u vumiueiviu am cim
:yU nearly a lel phun, formed opon a gtifetaf north of the present Chemekete
-avelly foondauon wa buwi '-'"l hotel. This building formed part of the
fKu, time, m U urumaui FMkt I u uiuu uutci uiw was uenuyrcu uj uio iu
vered with water, me conioraaiion --- r,
J the country above, and outheasterly, ownerB the North Silem town site,
rild lead one to we conciaaiou mat iuo i opened the second dry-goods store in
: once ioined we Ulamette I baiem. which he purchased in Ban ran-
I J s lain clu ,... -J.
. I L1BLU 1X1 lOTil. U11UI anl V SSIrs wamaua 1110
it this poini. . . late Jon. Ilolman and Darid Carter went
The first settlement at fcaiem was maoe mcintnft hmit in a bnildins?
ome time in the year 1840, in what is that stood (about where Ford's livery
cow North Salem, and some where in the stable now is.
BeiZBDUTUlW w I T... I T n 1f .r rvnriotw
. - m i uuouu aim jai,j r. aa w aa w
espied by W. L. Wade, ine nr ooiia- Uie North H4jem Und claim, laid oat
the growth and improvement of the aiy
in late years woold swell this article to
too creat a length for these columns.
Wherefore, a sommarr of the pubiic en-
terprises, aside from those above given,
is all that need be farther made. The
bank of Ladd A Bosh was pot into ope
ration April 1st, 1879, the building hav-
. a . . . -
ing rjeen erect ea we year previoaa;
Keed's opera noose was bout in isoa;
the Chemekete hotel in 1870; the gas
works a ere begun in 1870, and in Sep
tember of that year the city was first
lighted with gas: the water works were
erected and pat in operation in 1871 ; the
U. A U. railroad was nnuned to baiem
and beyond in September, 1870, and in
fall operation: the new court house was
built in 1S73. and finished in 1873 ; also
in 1872. that beautiful building, the Acad
emy of the' Sacred Heart, was begun,
and completed the following year; the
foundation of the state house was laid in
1873, and the building was so far finished
in 1876. that the legislature occupied it
that year; in the summer of 18S6 the
streets were lighted by electricity; bot
the crowning event of this year was the
beginning and completion of the bridge
across the Willamette, a full account of
which will be found elsewhere in this
In the foregoing review of the public
progress and improvements no mention
has been made of the destruction of prop-
ertvbv the elements of fire and water.
The first of any note was the bnrning of
A Retiew of the Work of the
Immigration Board.
Character and Extent of the results !
Accomplished. A Very Grat
ifying Showing:.
The State Board of Immigration
organized April 1st, 1885, with Chaa. 1L
Dodd, H- W. Corbett, Win. N. Ladne, H.
B. Miller and 3. Eothcbildomniissioners,
and L B. Carliale, secretary. The rales
adopted contemplated the preparation
and distribution of information about the
state; a display of prod actions; informa
tion of farm properties offered for sale;
to meet and make welcome the immigrant.
and to aid him in finding a suitable location.
In the preparation of the printed infor
mation, the commissioners have been
careful that, in every respect, it should
be reliable and trustworthy, commending
itself by a conservative, practical tone.
In this matter, it has been the policy of
fag erected was for a sawmill, which mill and recorded a town called North Salem, the state boose in the latter part of De-L. commiggioners to dircriminate in fa-
iweuij-uuw urum, wuiwijiiwu. 3 - I Qf jjmj class of immijzrants wno eouid
i 1 1 J .u .
tn urtmr1nmVvr tri bnild other I which contained
" I 1 m . I I . . 1 1 . a 1 I inhAjl ft.., ava.. f 'HI IVII hal FtAAfl AV. I J . ...
tutu in the vicinity. At the time, and w" irac-iionai. vw. " . ."r j:, oome with wine meaM in nana, ana ine
w " i Ant tii v itiA(i rw lava am i ui n cw n m hi i vmniiiafi nntm i im mm iiim -m ini'ii miiiuuiii. a a a.v iu a.;
for sometime thereafter, the location was ciZcr&7&sZZ hadn riTt ' by gnee for WZL22 UZZ
K- mrit nrotnLfiinaT tor tae incipien. Til-1 mt am Camtol street. Th6 nnfoftanate the Darooee. A tine misceuaneoaB i ; MMfa.Lti Miv4iw fnwin
Usrti but various causes, the most power- litigation between J. D. Boon and J. B. I library, bought by money furnished by immediate employment for support, has I banks is of semce. Making a compari
Ir: -a . 5
Ijrltjrmsrs.... .........7
X Tjm"V ..... . S
Labcrbj rti.... ........... 2
Prc'rtKiJ tJ bczees iaea 8
Ainerieaa born .3
Tne reaord of anivala a!w za
gate for time under raecCsn, 14,713
heads of faisilis or 2111 persons repre
sented. Yearly average 83; monthly
average 771; daily average 27. Of the
small per cent of laboring men who have
visited the rooms, perhaps one-third have
depended somewhat on the Board for aid
in . procuring employment. Generally,
places have been supplied. Iuriiigthia
twenty months only four persona nave
asked Cos financial aid, and ten dollars
will cover all expenses ot this kind. .
uxutxox or pnrfcnuTcr
As the entire work of the Board is gra
tuitoas, and with nothing contingent or
conditional tor the new-comer, upon the
issuance of an order for a reduced rate,
the important matter ot his location is
redoced to courtesy on his part, the
owner who sells, the county agent, or in
direct information. The ticket orders
are something of s guide. This shows 88
single trip orders, against one round trip
order. So many come into the rooms
who have through tickets or lacalltickets,
or who go out by river or stage or other
wise, that this is only a partial guide.
Aside from this, hundreds come into the
state at the eastern or southern extremity
who do not come to the city of Portland
aialL . !
, In regard to this feature, the corrobo
ratire testimony of election returns, revi
val and expansion ot business, and the
immigration paper passing through our
Om of tat
TmtpmMmr Haafcdrlaa Swath
f rartlaavd.
I si of which was a protracted lawsuit to
determine the title to the land on which
i$ is siti ated, tended to retard the growth
of the town for many years. Population
and improvements in the mean time
moved a little south and covered the
gravelly plain to south Mill creek. The
name given to the location by the abor
igines was Cbe-mek-e-te. In the year
1841. Rev. Gustavus Hines built a house,
McClane over the orth Salem land
claim, as already stated, was a serious
drawback to the settlement and prosper
ity of that portion of town. It began in
1863, and was only terminated by com
promise, in 1869, between McClane and
the heirs of Boon, the latter having died
in 1864.
On the 13th of January, 1851, the ter
ritorial legislature, which held its ses
sions at Oregon City, passed an act re-
movinz the seat of government to baiem.
This law was declared void by Judges
yet standing, in the oak grove now in the Nelson and Strong and Gov. Gaines, but
wlnanre of the Pioneer oil mills. This congress confirmed the act making the
building for a long time was used by the
Methodist mission as a parsonage, and
was known by that designation. That
same year the old Institute building,
erected for the mission school, was be
gun, and completed the following year,
to which was removed the. Indian mis
sion school from Chemawa. a short dis
tance on this side of the river from the
nresent town of Wheatland. In the win
ter of 1845-6, the section of land held as
belonging to the Oregon Institute having
been considered to be in d inger of being
"jumped,' an arrangement was made by
four, surrounding claimants xr settlers,
who were each holding and occupying
under the laws of the provisional govern
ment of Oregon a section of land the
laws of the United States not yet having
been extended over this country by
which the said claimants each abandoned
removal, and settled the question. The
sesHion of 1851 2 was held in the old
Willamette university building. The
irovernor called an extra session of the
legislature, to meet on the 26th of July,
1852, at Salem, but that body met at we
appointed time, and, after three days'
session, contemptuously adjourned until
the first Monday of the following uecem-
ter, that being the time for the regular
session. The house on Commercial street
known as the Rector building was oceu
pied by the legislature and the state h
hrarT. while the supreme court met in
the Bennett house. The former building
was burned down last year.
- . ...
In the vear 1856 a woolen mill was
built in North Salem, by the Willamette
Woolen Manufacturing company, ine
building at first was small, but was en
. - . . a nr w w
larced as neceuv require!. vm. xi.
Hector was appointed superintendent of
contruction by the company, and it was
under his direction that the work was
carried forward to completion, and that
water from the Santiara river was.
brought into Salem for milling purposes.
i ; t f .u ti
a portion of the outer extremities of their This introduction of water from the San-
respective land claims, and so reducing I tiam was a great event in the history of
.h said four surrounding asvtions to the growing village, and was properly
to about three sections 'and five-sixths, gj by h'iKttanc.T S
leaving one section for the oenent oi ine introduction of the New river water into
Oregon Institute, and the parwnage I Ixmdon in the time of James I., and each
claim lying east from the Institute sec- enterprise met with like opposition from
. . . I real extate owners, who claimed that
tion;anawnenweunesoi8ai.iTra. ftenjjtheir wouM in' hy the
established, a partnership claim of four flowine of water through them. In the
persons, namely, II. B. Brewer, lavid
congress, was also destroyed at he same
time. The building was no doubt de
stroyed with a purpose. At the session
of the year before, the legislature had
a . . m . 'a. a . 4"
cnaneea we seal en government 10 vor-
vallis, but upon learning that we act was
disapproved by the authorities at W ash-
lngion, wac Doay reversea ua acuonaau
moved back to Salem. In a few weeks
after their return the state bouse was
On Sunday morning. May 10, lsr3, a
fire broke out and burned all the build'
ings on the east side of Commercial street
from t erry street to we lot now occupied
bv Cunninghams brick: we loss was
120.000 or more.
On Saturday. July 23. 1864. a fire
Bwent away all the buildings from where
the Capital Engine Co.'s house stands up
to Shiel's law office, now Catterhn's pho
tograph gallery. The Mansion house
owned bv J. D. Smith, was destroyed.
and he was the heaviest loser. The to
tal loss was about 18.000.
On the night of April 16th, 186, all
the buildings between (iris wold s block
and Holman's brick were destroyed by
fire, and it was with difficulty that una
wold's brick was saved. Loss about
In the latter part of Slay, 1867, uur-
bin's livery stable, a large building on
the northeast corner of Commercial and
State streets was burned, at night, with
eighteen valuable horses. Total loss,
about 110,000.
After midnight, November 1st, imi,
the Capital hotel, owned by Hon. K
Mallory, and occupying the corner where
the Mansion formerly stood, and where
the Capital Engine Co.'s and other build
ings now stand, took nre, ana was
burned to the ground. The house was
three stories in height, and the total loss,
house and contents, was about $20,000.
Tbe foreeoinir enumeration of the hres
that have occurred embrace only the
principal ones, and the approximate
losses. W e can not close, however, with
out reference to the great freshet of De-
much de-
been persistently discouraged, not only
in the printed matter, but by letters,
whenever occasion offered. So much
trouble, hardship and expense, not to say
injustice to the new-comer and the state,
has been heretofore caused by ignorance
of Oregon, and her condition, by over
wrought pen pictures, hy irresponsihie
notioe-writing tourists, and by curb-stone
railway runners and agents in the east.
that it has been we constant enon or. we
commissioners to counteract all this, and
to educate the intending settler, that it
would be impossible for any of their
agencies to take advantage ot him.
axouht or ranrrxD matter.
months the
Leslie, W. II. Willson, and L. II. Judson,
was recorded in the office of the recorder
of the provisional government, including
the aforesaid 640 acres as the property of
the trustees of the Institute, and of the
society of the church as s parsonage. In
184S an effort was made to establish a
claim to a portion of the land so recorded,
by a man named Joseph Caples, but legal
proceedings were instituted against him,
and he was ejected from the land by tlu
In 846 the wustees of the Orepm In
stitute laid off a town on the site of Che
mekete, but including in the survey only
that part of Salem lying between Church
street on the east and the river on the
west. The only building then standing
within the limits of the first town survey
is the one now occupied as the "Cali
fornia Bakery," which stood in an oak
grove, on the same block, a little to the
north and east of its present location.
It was built in 1843, by the late L. II.
Jndson. and was occupied by him as a
family residence until the latter jart of
1S44. In the fall of 1846 Rev. J. L. Par-
rish bought thirty-four acres of land near
Salem, and built a dwelling thereon, and
for forty years he has continued to reside
m and improve the same. Judge J.
Ouinn Thornton and Virgil K. Pringle,
now residents of Salem, arrived bv the
immigration of 1846, and settled here,
though their residence has been else
where a good part of the intervening
time. A few Iocs of tlie newly-surveyed
town of Salem were sold at auction, pay
ment to be made therefor m wheat the
war after the sale. Nit none of the lots so
old von improved or built upon for
some tears afterward.
Durina tbe summer of 184 an ar-
ranmn was made between the trus-
i Imx of the Ore iron Institute and Ir. W.
II. vnan. bv which Willson disposed of
his land claim previously held in order to
make and perform we conutuons am
afnwmint. The claim which Willson
held was that part of the present farm of
J. Lf Parrish which lies east of the pub
lic road running In front of Parrish rs res
idence. Th contract between Willson
and the trustees was in substance as fol
lows : Willson. gave to said board of trus
tees his bond for $100,000, conditioned
that he would take charee of the section
of land claimed by said Institute, since
known in we U. . government survey
as the claim of Wm. II. Willson and
wife, and that he would nse all necessary
means to secure a title by donation from
the United States, and, as the agent of
th aaid trustee, be would sell the town
lots and pay over to them two-thirds of
tha Proceeds of all sales of lots or lands
unon the fla'm, and that, on final set
tlement, ha would divide with said trus
tees all unsold land or lots, retaining him
elf one third, and conveying as good a
till as ha should receive from the United
States, to the said trostees, of two thirds
cember 1861. which caused so
struction of property throughout the val-
!..... iu:rtk.m;i)kiiillui nrtn( mm. lar ant fmin which Snlfm did not es-
- . .. . . I J ' . t. il:lt L.
tifacturing goods, under we supennien- cape, ine nriage over rcuui lumcrvr,
lenceof Capt. L. E. Pratt, who came
from the East to take charge of the fac
tory. Oregon wool was used, and blan
kets, flannels, and cassimeres were turnea
Out. the first goods of the kind ever man
nfactured on the 1'acihc coast. M n was
the quality of goods made at this mill,
and so creat was the demand, that in
three vears the siie and capacity of the
works were doubled. In 1876, near
twenty vears after theirahrst construc
tion, tbe mill was destroyed by fire, no
loubt the act of an incendiary. Mr.
Rector left Salem about the year!86j,
and went to California, where he now re
sitles. Through his instrumentality, the
fintt cotton mill was established in Oak
land, in that state, in the year 1866,
The Pioneer Oil Mill commnjr was
formed in 1866, and the latest and most
approved machinery was ordered from
the East. Toward the latter part of 1867,
the mill was started mi. and the first oil
was manufactured. The capacity of the
works is much greater than the supply of
seed, or the demand for the manufac
tured products, consequently the works
are not kept in continuous operation. U
a a
w. Grav A Sons are now. ana nave
been for some vears. the owners of this
.. . ...
The question ot estaniisinng a perma
nent seat of government hal heen sub
mitted to the people in accordance with
provision of the state constitution, at
the general elections held since the ad
mission of Oregon into the Lnion, but no
place had received a majority of the votes
cast, as required. At we election neiu
on the first Monday in June, 1N4, We
question was again submitted to the peo
ple, and this time aiem reeeiveu a ma
jority of 79 over all other points votea
for, ami thus tne vexing miner was net
tled. In the legislature that met in Sep
tember, 1872. Hon. T. McF. Patton, a
member of the house of representatives
from Marion, introduced a bill appro
priating $100,000 for the purpose of be
irinnimr the construction of a state house.
The bill passed both houses without ma
terial opposition. ad was approvea oy
Gov. ti rover, and the next year work
waa heimn. and the corner stone was
laid, with appropriate ceremonies, Hon.
K K. Chad wick, secretarv of state, deliv
arinv the address noon the occasion. The
r . -nr.. I
Ifxnslatnre of 1874 mane an aaoiuonai
appropriation and the work was so far
prosecuted that in 1876, all the state otfi
cas were removed to the new building,
and the legislative assembly met there
t arond Monday in September of that
vmp R liberal appropriations of snc-
Manm leirialatures the building is fast
Marin completion, and when finished
it will be an ornament to the state and to
th Pat-inc coast. It occupies the site of
the old territorial state bouse that was
burned in 1855. or rather the center of
Km knildin does.
We have now brought the main events
In the history of Salem down to wiwin
period of recent memory, bot to recount
r- .: . i ... . T..,11
on VAHiimen ii pircei, i'uic o mm,
and a few other buildings, were carried
away,, but the loss otherwise was not
irreat. It was a notable event, however.
The water backed up through South Mill
creek, and ran through the center of
town, being about four feet deep where
the court house stands, and. backed up
State street, barely reaching (ommercial
street near where the banking house of
Ladd A Bush is now. The W illaniette
river, from its source to its mouth, was
hiirher than ever before known, at least
since the expedition of Lewis A Clarke
m tlie early part of this century, as the
sweeping away of trees more than a hun
dred years old fully attested, anil which
had withstood the storms and floods of so
many winters.
Illark.mith and Carriage Manufacturers.
Wood and Iran Jobbing.
Every body residing in the surround
ing country knows where "Kelly's black
smith shop" is located. P. J. Armstrong
A Co. are now in possession of this es
tablishment, and are prepared to do all
kinds of general hlacksmithtng at a mo
ments notice. They are the leading
blacksmiths and carriage makers in
Salem. They are now engaged in build
ing some very fine buggies, hacks and
carriages for the spring trade. They do
all kinds of jobbing in wood, iron and
steel: and make horse shoeing a spec
ialty. Tbey are required to keep five.
men in tne an op at aw times, in oruer io
accommodate their very heavy, and
steadily increasing cnstoni. They issue,
herewith, an invitation to everybody.
desiring any work done in their line, to
call and see them, at Kelly s old stand,
Commercial street, between State and
Feed and Sal Stable fine I.I t fry
Outfit M Tm4.
During the past twenty
Board has printed 90100 pamphlets, "Or
egon As It Is." The first edition had sixty
pages. Making matter out ot questions by
intending settlers, swelled the book to 80
pare. Additional, the Board has print
ed 42,000, 16-page folders, half in German,
and the balance in Hcaodanayian, and
185,000 8-page leaflets in English. Aside
from this the Board has received and dis
tributed 56,000 county descriptive pamph
lets and papers, 4,600 annual Oregonians,
luuu copies oi tue j. a. xv cuiuuu ui
that paper, 600 copies of the News, 200
copies of the Standard, 800 copies of the
Rural Spirit, 300 copies of a Willamette
vallev circular m Uerman. ouu copies or
the Willamette Farmer. 50,000 maps of
the state, an aggregate of 432,700 pieces
of immigration literature.
From the start it has been the opinion
of the commissioners that the best results
in the way of a desirable class of immi
gration, would come from the overflow
of the northwestern states, east of the
Rockies, and it has been the constant ef
fort to reach these localities with this
literature. Through the most cordial
help of all railways hsving direct west
ern connection, this object hss been st
tained, and a wide dissemination of infor
mation regarding the state, been made.
In addition to this an open mailing
book is kept at the rooms of the board,
and each immigrant is made an adver
tiser of the state, by procuring from him
the names of hia friends in the east In
this way 20,000 new names have been ad
ded to the mailing list.
Tbe board has sent an exhibit car on a
tour of the eastern states for each year of 1
its organization. The last one, for 1886,
visited eight different states snd thirty
two cities and towns, besides stopping snd
exhibiting at as many different places in
the interior ot states. It was visited by
at least 200,000 different persons indeed
the journey was a perfect ovation. The
car traveled 7000 miles and made a stay
of seventy-four days. From this car 65
000 pieces of immigration literature were
distributed. Since the car left the state,
about twenty heads of families have vis
ited theState Board rooms, and volunteer
ed their statement that a visit to the car
in the east, caused them to decide to come
to Oregon. Scores of letters bearing the
same testimony have been received by
the Board. It is the opinion of the man
ager of the car, as well as the commis
sioners, that the work will result in large
accessions to our population during we
year '84.
The plan of meeting immigrants before
they reach tbe city, and again at tbe
moms, where there is a magnificent dis
play of all the product of the soil, has
been continued. The new-comer finds
here, the proof ot the claims made by
the state as an agricultural region,and just
tbe disinterested, practical information be
needs. Besides this gets an order
on the railway company for a reduced
rate ticket, good for thirty days stop over
privilege. Here. also, the new-comer
finds a farm list, from which he can make
memoranda and go out into the state,
well informed, as to prices, etc
From these rooms the new-comer is gen
erally sent to the care of a county immi
gration agent, who wiwout cnarge, snows
him properties in that locality, and assists
him in other wsys.
son of the census figures for 1885, and
the population ot 1886 based on the vote
of last June, and we have 243,418 as
against 207,45a The vote of 82 was 41
678; the vote of S4 (June) was 49,337;
the vote of 1H (Nov) was 521551; the vote
of 86 was 54.947. This table does not in
clude voters who have j made settlement
since Dee. 1885, they not being eligible.
Taking 14JJ00 as two-thirds ot the new
comers, we have about 4,000 to add, which
will swell the population to about 260,
000. ...)
By a system adopted at the start by
the Board, it has been found that a very
close estimate of the money value of each
immigrant may be had. This estimate
shows S3000 as the average ot each head
ot family, tor the first half year. During
the last half this was increased fully
$300. There i data enough to show
that 8200 is but a fair average ot the
amount brought by more than two-thirds
ot those who make settlement This ag
gregates several million dollars. A post
al card, with blanks for the new-comer to
fill up, showing date ot arrival, state, lo
cation, purchase price, and name waa
adopted in June 1886. Since then the
Board has received enough to show a to
tal of SLP09.450. There are several hun
dred cards still in tbe hands ot intending
settlers. Replying to a circular from the
Board, issued in October, a number of
bankers and business men throughout the
tste have siren figures from their ex
change accounts, showing conclusively
that the averages made by the board are
rather below.tban above, tbe figure asset
forth in bankable paper, and other money
transactions. A banker at Albany who
Nearly every person who has visited
Salem daring the past two, three or four
years, has either become personally ac
quainted with, or has heard of the genial
host of this, now almost famous hostelry.
It is safe to asy that there is no hotel
proprietor in the state of Oregon that
more folly and completely consults the
comforts of his guests than dees C. H..
For a long time, Mr. Monroe had
charge of the Reed boose in this city, but
afterward opened the Monroe house, on
the corner of Marion and Commercial
streets. Ills rapidly increasing patron
age soon demonstrated fully to Mr. Mon
roe that the building he was then occupy
ing was entirely to small, and he began
casting about for a more commodiooa
building, and one nearer we DU3ines
center of the city.
In September, fire destroyed a large
portion of tbe building on the southeast
corner of State and High streets, then oc
cupied as the Thompson house. Mr.
Monroe then secured a lease of this place
of Dr. Jessup, and the carpenters and
other mechanics were at once pot to
work remodeling, and repairing the ruins
of the old building. The walls, which
were largely of brick, remained standing,
and after two months and a half of work
and at an expense of $2500 the old
"Thompson" house had given way to
the new "Monroe House," a hotel to
which Salem can well point with pride.
The Monroe house is three stones in
height, and has broad verandahs entirely
across the front of both tbe first and sec
ond floors, while a broad grass lawn
leads out to the sidewalk. The ho
tel is situated just across the street from
the county court house, five blocks from
the state capitol building, nine blocks
from the passenger depot, and only a
block from the main business part of the
city. The house is entirely new inside,
a a awa . a
and is handsomely lornisnea wroagnoui.
In no dining room anywhere, can one
find a better, nor a cleaner meal of vic
tuals than at the Monroe house. No
Chinese are employed about the hotel,
and Mrs. Monroe, whose reputation stands
at the head of the list of caterers with
whom the traveling public come in con
tact, is, with her sister, at the head of the
culinary department, and oversees all the
work in the kitchen and diningrjoom, in
person. She also devotes her every en
ergy to doing everything that will con
duce to the comfort, and pleasure of the
On the main floor, beside the kitchen
and dining room, is the office, a neat
quiet room, well fitted with writing ma
terials and on the table of which are
the leading newspapers, a Bitting room,
handsomely furnished, a parlor suite
with a open fins place in the chambre.
and each room of the suite handsomely
famished. On the second floor, the to
front rooms, each have stoves, while an
other room just back of the east of these,
has an open fireplace. There are ten
rooms on this floor, all tarnished in the
latest style, and with elegance, and com
fort. The third or upper story has also
ten rooms, and all well famished, the
two front rooms, as are those below, fitted
with fire. Everything will be found as
neat as a pin around this house, and it
T wuu I ... i . ... i ,..ii
ha. handled nearly $100,000 worthof this - " kTci h of Ported.
nar iinnnj th pant Tear.makes the av- I 7 V. ' ... .. . i
-" . . .-.
eram about 83.500. A banker at Eugene
city, having about 1 125,000 of this kind of
transaction, writes that the average is
folly $3,000. The first National Bank of
Portland, having an exchange transaction
daring the past year of $20,000,000 reports
an increase, daring that time, of 11,277
pieces of exchange. And after an exam
ination of its character places a fair pro
portion of it, to the credit of those who
have come into, and made settlement in
the state daring the period in question.
On all sides we hear of a revival and ex
pansion of general bosinees. It has been
of a substantial, wholesome, permanent
character. It is not confined to cities bot
is general throughout the state.
so long as Mr. Monroe, and his estimable
and amiable wife continues in its management.
Manufacturer of tha Wmtara Fannlng
MUla and Grain Cleaner.
One of the largest stable in the city is
located on the northeast corner of Com
mercial and Trade streets. Robert Ford
the proprietor, tries in every way to keep
the fullest line of road vehicles, and the
best stock of horse flesh, for hire, Wat is
to be found in Salem. liis stables are
large, ' and are always kept clean. He
has plenty of extra stalls for feeding, and
for transient custom. In fact he keeps
one of the most complete livery, feed
and sale stables in Salem. Personally
Mr. Ford is one of the most accommo
dating bosinees men in Salem, and by a
doe courtesy to his customers, couple
with reasonable charges, his business is
steadily increasing.
aTerr raaaialta tor a Brut eUa
narttneat la aoderrtood aad provided
lioceijr i
fi tor by
The following statistics are taken from
the records ot the Board:
Average age of immigrant years
Average age of children under age. 11 years
Married men 76 per cent
Married men with famlies 95 "
Able bodied...; SH
Looking for climate to benefit
Able to read and write 99
Those who state that they have
eometostay 65 "
Men in doubt until they
examine. ................. .35 M
Witk caah purchase 90 "
Looking tor government land
or cheap claims 10 M
From states west of New York
and east of the Rocky moun-
tains 90
Middle and eastern states 8
This immigration work, carried on at
the start, under somewhat untoward cir
cumstances, has to-day the character of
an unequivocal success, and permanency;
and in view of what has been accomplish
ed, it ought to be looked upon by every
right-thinking interested citizen, as a sue-,
cess not only justifying the appropria
tion heretofore made, but warranting the
expenditure of a mnch larger sum per
snnnm. Plainly, the progress of the state,
and the developementof all her resources
most be contingent npon the steady in
flux of a new population, trained and ed
ucated np to the highest standard of
thrift and industry, and enterprise in all
agricultural matters, and a liberal invest
ment of capital in commercial and manu
facturing enterprises. This is the immi
gration needed; it has been the immigra
tion sought, and as the records show,
the bulk ot that already received. This
class can be bad as a result of a steady,
persistent practical, judicious presenta
tion of ihe inducements held out by Ore
gon ; and it is only right and fair that we
annul 1 share largely in the immigration
of a t irifty, forehanded people; accessions
to onr population of that industrious, en
terprising class which means the develop
ment of resources, unmatched anywhere
in the common country.
In regard to foreign immigration, it is
tbe experience ot the commissioners, that
everv attempt to extend the work beyond
the limmits of tbe United States, or even
to remote portions of our own country
has been a failure, or wholly inadequate
to tbe effort and the expenditure of
money. The long and expe nsive journey,
the gauntlet of clamoring state and
railway agents, which each new-- vor to
this country is forced to run. and U.V at
norance of Oregon all these operate
against snd nullify immigration 'Jbrt
So far as tbe experience of the state Board
goes, we class coming direct from th
old world, do not possess ready means,
with which to make a settlement by pur
chase. As the records show, folly ninety
per cent of those coming here daring the
veers of 85 and '86. have been from the
northwestern states, east of the Rockies,
the overflow ot these localities. It is
made np of practical fanners, who will
add a moral and social, as well as finan
cial strength to the community in which
settlement is made. Liberal expenditures
of money will, unquestionably, bring good
returns to the people of the state. What
has been accomplished, is all in support
of this opinion, and the work is certainly
During, the past three or four years,
Thomas Ilolman has been adding at
least, his quota to the manufacturing in
terests of Salem, during which time sever
al hundreds of the now famous "Western"
wheat and grain cleaners have been
made in, and shipped from Salem. Mr.
Ilolman, at one time, bad an opposition
in Albany, which for a season, appeared
to divide the honors of manufacturing
machines for cleaning grain in this state ;
hot Mr. Holman's mills. "Tbe Western,"
proved too much for the opposition fac
tory, which retired from the field, and
leaves Mr. Ilolman standing alone, as
the only manufacturer of grain cleaners
in Oregon. During 1886, over 600 mills
were made in his factory, and sold. He
manufactures two sizes each of the Wes
tern Fanning mill, and of the Western
warehouse grain cleaner. The mills are
all made with patent sacking attach
ment, so that the grain is cleaned and re
sacked with only one handling. These
mills have been sold all over Oregon and
Washington Territory, where he con
stantly has wagons traveling, selling and
delivering them. These sales have
brought him, in return, the highest tes
timonials from persons using them. In
fact, the "Western" factory is an insti
tution for Salem, and Oregon, to point to
with pride, and one that will grow as
Oregon grows. Mr. Ilolman is also pro
prietor of the Salem electric light fran
chise. There are now 38 arc lamps on
the circuit, together with several incan
descent circuits, and Mr. Ilolman uses
two dynamos to generate the electricity.
This electric system gives perfect sat
isfaction. '
Prof. H.
Dlaaiond, tha PI
of Salem. A Kaat Shop.
oaaar Barbae-
At 208 Commercial street, II. Diamond
has one of the neatest barber shops, with
baths to be found in Salem, and be and
bis able assistants can always be found
ready to do the best work in their line..
Prof. Diamond is one of the oldest ton
sorial artists in Salern, and has always
held his trade by doing satisfactory work.
In room 3, Patton's block, pa Stale
street, T. C. Smith has his dental par
lors, where be is prepared to da all kind
of dental work. Dr.Smi'i cakes a spec
ialty of fine gold frtt does not in
the least neglect y I and platina,
alloy, nor other ft- "'ings. He Is
prepared to s- ft er, Nitons;
Oxide gas vitr:-d ah,;cc;.r freezer,
chloroform, r any of tla cth: ; Modern
pain obto-Jnw. in we pais.; rao
tion of t-i-i- Dr. Smith has a i .end
entitled to the cordial and hearty co-op-1 stead.' increasing practice, ana v ..x;
eration of every citizen. proves Bauajacwry. . '