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About Oregon City enterprise. (Oregon City, Or.) 1871-188? | View Entire Issue (May 26, 1887)
DovoUmI to tlio Jiilt?i'-wlH ol" Oregon City find ClnckniiiiiM Coiinl.y.
OREGON CITY, OREGON, THURSDAY, MAY 26, 1887.
IIATICM OK HUmntllTlUN !
3!nnii Copy, 0"e year. In advance 2 ft)
N.kI l.'npy, six niniiiha, In ailvaw'e I Mi
Copy, not lit advance t 1,0
TKItMS 01' ADVKHTISINCJ.
Transient advertisements, liirlmlliitf all
Inirul mil Icon. iir aniiaro of twelve line
Kor each subsequent IiihitI lull
Onn column, one year
Half a roliimii, mm your
IJisili-r column, ono year
Hualiuns cunt, una year
IIAI'TIST CHUIiCII.-IIbv. R. I'. Imvk
pa lor. MoruliiK aervlee 1 Ka'diatli
action) lt:'l; tiyi'ulMHwrrK'e 7 .'HI (i'i Iim W,
lli-Ktllar Jirivi'r iii-rlliiK Wednesday
evening. Monthly rovmaut lui'i'Uiiit
(Saturday hrloro first Sunday In piirli
month at I o'cliM-k P. M. A cordial In
vitation extended tu nil.
ST. John's aiuitni. catholic.-
It"v, J a. JUiiw, pastor. t)n Sunday
limriiliiK IiIkIi mas at IU.I0, l-lral Sine
day of each nioiuli low ninxa III H o'clock
A.M. So mid Sunday of each nioiuli,
a German sermon, Sunday school hi
Hflu o'clock I. M. V caper ami Hone.
iln tloii ml 7 o'clo.k 1', ol.
FIItST CONGUFti Vl'ION'AL Clll'ltrit.
-KV, U. A. It i kw-Hnl, pastor. Sit
vice at. Ui:;tu A. M and "i km) I'. M.
Sunday wIiikiI afier uloriiliiir acrvlca.
1'iayer meeting Wednraday evening Hi
7 J o'clock. Prayer nioetiiiK nf Young
1'nopVa Soc Inly ol Chrlailau Endeavor
very Sunday evening ol II: m iMinit.
All arecnrdU'ly invited to theats meet
ing, teat free.
MKruonisT episcopal cnrum.-
H. K. Case, pastor, M-.riiltig a-rvlre at
1U: it); Satdinlh arliool .1 IS :MI; evening
arvlreat 7.;i) u'elock. Prayer meet
Ingevery Tliuradny availing, Sirangera
cordially Invited. Seala free.
hOOKTV &OTH r.n.
Oregon Lodge, 1. 0. 0. F. No. 3.
Meet every Thuraday evening at 7.:)
oYl.x-k In tlia (J.I.I Fellow' Hull. Mitn
all-eat Member of tlm orlur ar Invllnl
to altontl. ily or.lcr of N. (j.
Kultnomah Lodge, No. 1, A. P. & A. M.
Hold. ia ritu arrniiiniiinli alloiiiion I lie
flrl anil llilnl Sal unlnyn In n h ininiih,
at 7 o'rliM'k Iroiu th i th of Si'iiiinilH-r to
the II III of Murvli; ami al7:'kiorlo'k fmtn
tlm KM I) of Mari'li to tlm Ifi'lh of S'ilvin
tier. lliTilirrn In uimhI aiainllux art In
vllwl tj allriiit. Ily oiili-r of V. M.
Moal Fot No. 2, 0. A. R., lepartment
Mt. flmi Wi li'nactiT of evi-nr nvimli,
I (1 1 1. M , al O U follow Hull. Or
mil Ily. A.NUKlt
Falu City lodge Na 50. A. 0. U. W
.MwUfjrrr .rroinl anil fiii'rlh Mnmlay
vvhuiiik in l. 1.1 rrllowii liiillilnm. All au
journliiK Itrrllirrn ronlialljr InvilH to at
Ifinl. V. H. I'll A KM an. M. V.
lUl'KMtlO II. ( AIM).
T. A. McBRIDE,
At torno.v nt Inw.
Or)lt In llmik HiiIIiIIiik, Orrifon Cily, On non
C. 6c D. C. LATOUItETTE,
Attorneys & Counselors at Law
MAIN KTHM.T. (HIKcKlN (MTV, Olt.
KuriiUli alMlrwI. of tlil. Inmi tnoiiry, for
cIom Ilioi'lKHK''.. anl tinniti't Kill
rtttl Ihw bilftllH'Mi.
Ut, M4HIN. u. . II A V tea.
bARIN & HAYES,
A(loriit.VN tit Knw.
W'll.M'HACTIt'K IS AM. TIIK CtH ltT.H
" of lh Htl. OtlL iioii.HMiU'l ourl lloimo.
OrrK ill ( ll v. Un uini.
W. ('. JOIIMtoN, r. O. H'limn, I'. X. lll.k:M M
JOHNSON, McCOWN k 1DIXMAM,
Attorneys & Counselors at Law
I'racUce In all III. Coini. of llio Sut.
Loan mniUaHil Abafrarfa rnrnlnliril
I'urlli iilHr ailiMillnn uIi-imi tit IiiuIiikh In the
t'. H. UuU (llllca, O.iuon I lly.
Monaulm' llrii k. lifl Klint .tiwl, I'nrllaml,
Main atru't, Orruon City.
J, D. SLOVER,
Painter and Paper Hanger
OrrgoM ( iiy, or.
VIM. TAKK CONTII ACTtt IN TOWN (lit
' Ciiuiilry anil will ilo work In .ntlafui lory
inaunrr. I'rliva low to mill I hit tlinra. Knlno
In I it I itf. Iiill nillnK. tu iloim on alioit liolnp.
tiro go it tity. Or,
Hunt IIhIkI In llm f 'Ily, anil only one inlnnto'a
warn mini tnu aiuamiioiii lainllnus,
THOS. F. RYAN, Proprietor.
W. II. COOK K. J, J, COOKE,
SALE AND FEED
Horses Bought and Sold.'
MAlNBTftKKT, . OIIKftON I'iTY
O. 1ST. ICKSrrJ3II,
Dial ii Mtrrrt, Oregon (it)-,
TSN0W I'RKPAItKDTOKXRriTTIE 1110.
X toiiiapliln and Hlorou.uiiiiln work on 111.
Iiortual iiotlii. Ha Inn uImi a iniilllplyliiij
auira oi ma i.uiai aim inoai approved num.
Tubs, Well Buckets, Churns,
Pails, Kegs and Barrels.
In fart rvrrylhlnn In tlte CiHiiwra' 1 1 1 1
J. M, BACON,
Books and Stationery
OUKIION t'lTY. OltEdOS.
M. W. HAMPTON,
Will Dig, Bore or Cloarr
'I'lldKK WIMIIINII AN V WOHIC IV TIIIH
1 Him will W'l It (Itilio en iftHKl ti'rtlia by fall
lint on Mm. at 111. ri'aliHii'. ooi r aliu,
E. B. CLEMENTS,
Fine Candies, Notions,
Tobacco and Cigars.
At Wlaea ulil alanil. (UIKliON CITY, Onuon.
y V. llllillFIKI.I),
.1 10 WlIlOIt,
EtUbliihed 8ince 1849: Fine Jewelry
Made to Order.
Hrlh Thomnn Miluv mul iMrtv hoiini wrlirht
rJfN'kaaml Wnltham wm1 lirn. kt-y mid mom
"Iihm'Hi II h I lie lulml Imprti viniiti, t horr
lhn any othrr Uuums In lowu. Next dtMir lo
l'H'n tin ntin.
Hedges & Bingraan,
A I.AItUK AH.HUItTM KNT OK filKKIX-t.
i a Witt ('akrla nlwa.oii hand, Kinr liilili
and ouUlda Irlmuniig Unu Uiauinriil
t 'aria'iilor work of all dnaurluUon. raruulrtl
wltb iii'ulmiM and diiii h. Miop vppoHitc
t'ltarnian k. Hon'adry wno.li wlnr.
C. H.L. DURMEISTER,
Jeweler and Optician
I hare on hand and fur aatv a full atock of
Gold and Silver Watches,
i lM-k. Jr-wrlrr and Kllcr Vr, 0Mm ml
Ktt'liI iluM, fnmi I he vrrjr h nt innu(rtur
cr. AImi kcrp on hand i-'iiiilrtc k ut
Spectacles J Eyeglasses.
Kex'pa the lartfi'at lwk of
Nut Trees, and
Vinos and Shrubbery
On the Xurthwett t'oait.
No aphis or lice on Trees.
Apple tn-af lo I0 iht IK). IVar, IVaill
and i'.icrry. ii to ,n( pi-r iml. I'linn and
I 'rune. , lo fit por tin. Iliny dlarount on
liftju lot. Hcnd for raiuloirio lo
211 111 oiKlbiini, llr.won.
GEO. A. HARDING.
liMill- lllo U,
Drugs and Medicines
Tollcl Moiipa, lrl'uiucr j.
Fancy Goods, Brushes Sponges
AXI) AM. KINDS OK
UHtmlly kr'it in a liist t liiHii Drug Hlnrt
(trlMivalrlana I'roaorlplJona ran-ftilly com
poundt'il, antl orilora aimwrri'd Willi t iff and
iliapali li Tint pnblio w ill Hi ilinv ntia kof Hied
li'lnna iioniidotn, wiuTaultnt xuuiiliie and of I lie
Bank of Oregon City
Paid up Capital $50,000,
President THOMAS CHAItM AN.
Caahler . (il AS. II. CA V K1KJ.11.
MunnKrr K 1 KASTUAM.
Dopoalla rrrrivvd aulijcot tn clieck.
Approvvu lillla anil noitoi illaciiiinteil.
County and oily warriuit IioukIiI.
I.oiina mailo on availulile aoctirity,
Ciillvctloim mailt miinplly.
DraflH ao.d on 1'orlland, San Franrlaco.
(.'lilviKn, Kvvr York, and ll principal
rltlt1 of KurniM,
TolfKrnplilu rx ii.'iiteea aolil on Portland,
tau Frani'tHCO, l lilcago and New York.
Interest paid on time deposit as follows:
Kor S iiKinllin, 4 per rent, per annum.
i' or o uinntiiii, a iter rent, per annum.
For VJi iiioulha, (I per vent per aumim.
Time rnrtlflcatea of ilepoult pnyalila on
doniaiul, Iml inuwat forfolrd If drawn
bofore end of, term of depoxlt.
' THE QUESTION ANSWERED.
HrlytiUv wna lha iiiiKin lni'llrilni(
t Hit lir bniifyaiirklml iloori
Hwrnl wim nliflillri illvnr lilnlnif :
1 Yat alio yiiumtiU tor aoiiimtiliiM mora.
'I riirfunca wirfl liar aaiwi1. tapliif
In a fiiliil ynt anlillu I Ida I
, Friitfruiil bri-aih of pno-a Mlonplnic
Lull bnratlll tiuaiiMalli'il,
T 'Mid Ilia llliwa. aoft lammitlni.
) (lilnviMl tin- plitlntlvn iiiKhtliiKula!
Vol aim roldly. half p-kiiiiIiiik,
a I.lxli'in'il luilima U) 10. tail).
Thimirli a nlidit nui'h iii'iu-a iKxmi'Mliif
Klionlil all i!iiiltiiiiin''Hii diMiirrn,
Yi'l aha foilllil horai'lf ronfinDiKiK
Nulurn imih how falli'd to cliiirm.
, t I'M tlm moon anilln il'iwn too lirii(lilly?
Low bird wmiry wllh hi trill T
Itiaw twiuM tba air urn .Hi'lillyl'
Wliul oh1 whiit, win Iwklnu .llllf
a ln taindi'iK-il tti'ia In wlnraa,
h..l.. br Ivir from tlm door,
ti-iw.1 bur to hi b'jarl In rlu1nia.
TIm'R lio-uil.t liulu'd nolhniK moral
Tholr Ancient Hlntory and Mode
"Voil ri irninjr to iln Rimln! WmiM
run ii i i i nl 1n ittr tun a n-ul Toli'ilu
Tlila from a yminjr, imrlioliir friond,
who'i' ntiiii'liiii'iita in New York nri m
full nf hrir-ti-brifi Hint I iln'S'l vlailln
him lout nit iinoinirili'il movi'iiu'iit in an
lllliriini'ili"! Iln iiin'l 1 1 aliulllil coat mo
fiilniliiua aunt lo ropliicfl a lirokon
I iiiiilofliMik tlie 'imniNiiiin, wouiVt
ln"r. aa I did so, whore tlm "trtialy atwl"
wuiilil liiul a rotiii";-i1iiri. Tlie ei-iilng
Kof'IIH'll In I" tllO Illlly BVMllltlllo Hilt
lint a nwnril of DniniH'li-s ovit ono'i
Siiniiv Kpnlii! Land of Don Quixote
font Dull-inn did Tolioao; of Miintilliia
nnil Munliii; of ilai k-t-ved ai'iioi itna and
Juiiijrlrty Md:ilsfi: of old eliiii'i'lira and
MiMiri.li inoiiio; of dull fi'liln and
lailiToa; fif f.ina and claioltiM; of la
nitns and lirlifaiidn; of jr.-ulic and grn
ciii.t; of niofiiitutii nii'l (M'mnfia -Sisin.
Iln- aim kii'd! Tliori' art lint two
cla.i'a of tr.tvrloi a In 1)0 met with In
Spain - lliinc who jru for climnlfl and
those who on fur jdraiiro; the maliili
roiit rlimalo of tlm aoutlmnd eat eoaita
teinitinS the one, thn hunrre ai-enoa of
faded aileiidor and Old World hidoleiiee
ti'iiiptino; the other. Every IhmIj-gniin-hlea
nt Spanih diwonifiirt; hut every
hmly leavea Kjniin withro'ivl and hear
illjf wmvellll never to Imi forgotten,
inini-aiima never to Ihi eranil, glories
never In lie divined.
The moat qiiuint, the niot tumlile
donti, the moat haughty, the iiwt In
Invatiiiu, tlm niot eh.iiininj, tin moal
.filiu lle, me ntiHi iiii-immhi city. in
aiinny Sinin la Tleiln. nn're. are few
I'itiea w hii li enn laiaat an aurioiit an
oiln, or the hitorv of which liava
U'eii limile the p'oundwiii of an many
alianiil tniditiiina. Some w ritera ro
lend that the Ji-ua aettli-d hem a'ter
the raptixily of JVihvlon: ollu-ra a'.lrih
llte it fiMindation lo llorenlea, to Jil
Iml, crandiou of Cain, who eiitahlUlusl
ltiiiii'!f on ita aite one hundred and
lurty-thiw year after the D.-liln.
That hirh ia most accurately known
roiH'erninji the nntiiiiity of Tolcdu la,
I li:lt it existed two liuudred year lie
fmv t'hriit, the Pro-eonul, Marcus
Il.iviiK. Iinrinj; licaico;ed it in the year
r.m IV C. taken il. and placed il under
Since then the city has had a varied
liUtorv. t'aiitiircd hy llio liarhariiina
of the North, a residence of thn Kin-:
of the Wi;;otha. tln "R ival City" of
Spain, then taken by tin Moor, it
roiii'licd the .summit of rcalnc In tint
sixteenth century, when It was as pol
ished and educated a city aa (villo or
Since the thirteenth rontnry, Toledo
liiniata the reputation of apcaking the
purest Castiliau a reputation .which
she still maintains. 1) it, althmih To
ledo has fallen into the tere'aml yellow
leaf, she is still sulllclentlv rich in niem
ui ics, and in mouumeiits of tha past, lo
console her for hnviii;; lost her position
in the front rank. There is not a city
In the world that tvspoads so accur
r.iU'l) to a city of the Middle As;i's.
She Js tlit pictuivsipiii and romantic
fit v jtt'ir rrriZciiiv; and alio Is proud,
nniun't her other titles to noliility, of
hcinj;, liki' tho Elcrnal City, built upon
Hut wo have lo buy a Toledo blade,
and must proceed to the grimy factory
hy the. aidn of thn yellow, brawlino;
Tajru. The awords and poinards of
Spain have been renowned in antiquity.
Numerous historians illicit ho (pioled
ivho liave testillcd their faith in them,
oven as Inn"! agii as the time of Cicero,"
who makes honorable, mention (if the
little Spanish swonl.
It is prohalilo that thn manufacture.
vf MWolds continued at Toledo till tho
epoch of thn (iotli kins, and it i
cci1.il u thai it was in full vior In tho
ninth century. The!) sword lorvwl,
without ilouht, as a pallefj f ir tho
weapon iisi d by I'm Moor . 'pain in
the Middle Atfo. which are seen roprc
i'iilcd in tho pictures nt the. Alhambra,
Tlui maniifactfiro of sword was not
formerly conlldcd to a lnj;lo eslnhlish
meiil a to-day. Tlm f.iKKVro.i, or
swoid-ninkcrs, worked at Ihoir own
homes, nlonc, or with a certain number
of apprentices. Liko all commercial
crafts, they woro, bound together in a
yrcmii), or ifuild.
Many of tho kings of Castilo ao
copied to lh llnest aword-mnkers of
Toledo certain privileges -such ns ex
cniitiiii from diverse imposts and duties
itppiTtnliiing to tho lalo of sword, tho
purchase of iron and steel, and other
primary material. These privileges ox
tended lo certain craflsinen attached to
the manufaetiiro of blades, such as tho
acralmlort, or ftirblshers, and vainrros,
or titters. Tlin iron and blades of Spain
woro reuownud lu France la the Mid
Ancient record make mention of the
"fir (' Kijxiijni ," and Frolssai-t spuaku
of a abort Spanish Midi.. Misliva r
latirs that Francis III., ri-tniuing u
Madrid, beheld young imlmardcd
youths, who i-airied awords by their
aides, upon which the king said: "O
thrici) happy Spain! wherein are born
children and men ready arnvd." Tin
Toledo Idados are highly esteMmnd in
England, as iwa by several passage
in Hen Jonson, Duller and Shakespeare.
It is scarcely necessary t gHy that the
eptvln TuteAn mu worn n it leas prized
The author of tlm "Vida de. f.a.nrilio
de Toriiea," who wrote in X'tl'i, thus
caiiae n Toh'iliin aipiliv .wli'i served
his hero, to afa-ak of a aword: '), if
thou only knewest, laiy, what a weapon
1 have, here! Not fur all I ho vbIIow gold
In tho world would fsell it; for in all
the blades that Antonio hath wrought,
iioiip eipmleth this mil'."
The atcel used l",v tlm MpwUroii ill
Madrid was obtained in an iron mine,
situated nhout Ih rim miles from M.in
drHiron, in thn H.iaipii" province.
"Victorious sword! Thy blade is o(
Maildragoii, and iho'.i wast lemercd at
According to P.iloiuoi!, a Tolcdan
sword-maker of the hist century, il is an
error to suppose that the Tolcdan pre
served particular scen ts for the temper
ing of their arms. They were com
pelled lo use the water nf the Tagil, a
welt a thn line white sand that the
river contains in its biul. Tho sand, to
tlie experts, served fir the operation ol
what they termed rrfrwnr It rulili, to
cool the heat; for when 111." metal be
came red, and ooinnii'nood to (brow oil
sparks, Ihi'csa -roiiitanlly sprinkled
it with this smd. Tho blade formed,
lin y pr icccded to l-uii t it In tho fol
lowing manner: Part of On middle of
the lire was hollowed ni.t, and in tin
hollow was placed I'm blade, mi that
four-lift hs of it only was cxxied to the
(Ire, the tongim and hill re tingontside.
The blade having Imeoma .-horry red,
they plunged llio point i'lto a wikmIcii
reservoir, full of th" watei of thwTagus:
a id haviiigoiicpcoolc I it, t!ioy straight
ened It a iimcli a was desirablo. They
then subjected such of tin blade as had
not hitherto Ihhu excised to the tire;
and when it commenced to redden,
they took it by liio tongue with rl-liot
iilichi rs, and plunged it into sheep suet
until It cooled, an operation which im
parted temper to it.
Tlie most ancient Tolcdan esptvU-rn,
or awonl-ni-ikcr, of whom mention I.
made, is Julian, suruamcil el Jl mi, or
the .Moor, on accou'lt ol tus coining
fioin (tiMuad.'i, whore hc,o"k',l toward
the en I of the fifteenth cciifnrj lor King
Hoahdil. They also suruani ' I him
Julian did H iv, becauso upon Ida imiii
vcrsiiMi to Clu lstianity, lwtl for a god
father no le illustrious a pirou.i ";e
than Fenliiiaa.l. the Cath die.
Having hired a conveyance drawn by
a pair of gayly caparisoned mules, tin
driver wearing a pork-pie hat and s
bloiMl-rcd sash, I was driven out to the
Fahrira iO: Ar,n m. which is situated on
the right bank of the Tagil, ah nit a
mile and a half outside of the city wall.
This sole manufactory of Tulmlan blade
is a very unpretentious building of roo
t angular form, completed, a the in
scription over the ciitritieu iiifoi'.ne 1
me, in 17k Chail"' III., who made
so many efforts to encourago Spanish
manufacture, resolved upill revivifying
the ancient craft of the t-'snitriM, and
constructed thn factory. So loir bad
the reputation of the Tolcdan tp'i U.rot
fallen, that the king wa compelled to
send to Valencia for a maker of sword,
LuisCalisto, whom ho appointed di
rector of the work.
A very polite, mutton-eh p whiskered
olllcial cscorU'd me over the works
for this in inufactory is to-day used in
lh fabrication of ar.n for the army
and explained tlie process for sword
making in use at present The ancient
mode of in inufact ure ha been aban
doned, b ith a regards forging al
tempering, whilst the iron now employed
comes from (J.'rniany. The saml of the
Tagu i no longer used, and the sheep
suet is replaced by soap. However, the
arm still turned out are of excellent
qualitv, and In the mn de prwtln, or
proof-room, I had tho satisfaction of
testing blades that rolled themselves
several tlm upon themselves liko ser
pents, ami tlnit sprang iutostraightness
in a flash,
lt.it that which has boon lost Is the
form nud eloganen. I invested In a
blade, a In duty bound, paying, there
for, nhout twentv-three dollars, but It
is no longer ill Toledo that tho good
blades are found; they are snapped up
bv museums and by collector!, the i
ri'iVo fetching up to two hundred and
fifty dollars. My bachelor friend is eiv
chanted with his blade. Ho ha sus
ponded it from tho ceiling, and I care
fully avonitiiat port urn m tnu room over
which, like the sworlof Damocles, it so
threateningly ban..'. Xiijciti RMn
ton, i'i r)'A' Companion.
Gold leaf Is cut by placing it on a
flat clean leather pad, proving it very
gently and sawing with a perfectly
straight-edged clean knife or split cane.
The best Hatch nielal may replace tho
gold leaf if perfectly smooth. Tiie Datch
metal may bo cut between paper by
close-shearing scissors witli such long
blades that each cut is ma lo with one
John Harrlgan and his rope. have
become famous In San Francisco. With
tho same piece of rope John ha pulled
twenty-eight people out of thn water in
the last three year. His best day's
work In Ihi lino wa done about a year
ago, when he fished three children and
a tramp out of tho water.
i a m "
All modern high explosives are now
almost universally exploded by the
njjeiioy of nlootrioity,
two AaardulM tiaar lln tha Diplomat!
Carsir of Ilia Kainoiix Editor.
Hotiry LaboitcliHre, M. P., editor of
lyomloii Truth, was, for many year
after the war, secretary of tho English
legation in Washington. He is ruiumn
bered here as a very wild young man.
He knew everybody and figured in so
ciety of all grades.
His abounding humor frinpioiitly de
veloped Into practical Jokes.
One day a ruther green member of
Congress called at the legation and
asked if he could see the Minister.
"You eaa seeine, lam his aeeretary,"
"But I want to see the Ministor,"
said the Congressman.
"The Minister is not in."
"All right. 1 11 wait for him."
"Cert linly, sir; have a seat"
The Congressman took a chair and n
newspaper, lighted a cigar and settled
down for a comfortable time of it Ho
turned to 1,'tboiicliere, who sat reading
novel and asked:
"Do you know when he will be back?"
"1 do nut," was llio curt reply. Tlie
Congressman lighted another cigar and
strolled ab nit the ollieo until another
hour was gone.
"Do yon think he will be back this
"1 guess not"
"Well, when will he probably m
"It 'ally, sir, I can not tell you. Tlie
Minister sailed for England yesterday
and did not indicate when he intended
to return." replied Labouchore, with
out lifting hi eyes frem his hook.
Laboiichere was promoted from the
secretaryship of the legatiiln in Wash
ington to a similar -isitioii with the
Engli-li legation at Vienna. There he
wa- known as the liveliest Briton at the
court, and. many are the tales that are
told of his reckless eS Nipade. Once,
on his way to London on leave of
absence, he stopped at Mona -o and lost
his last penny at roulette. H i did not
blow his brains out. a the victim of
that fanoiii establishment so ofter.
do, but retired to his rlegant Too-1
ml entertained like a lord until Iv
could get a r.'iniltanei fron un
friends in E iglan 1. At s .on as i
came he threw it dow l o i the g.imi l;'
table, doubled live or si ti nes, paid h
bills and set out for li mi'). ToU-'
THE FRANCS TIREURS.
Hand, of Ourrlllaa Who Kl.wH.1,.,1 liar'n
Iha I raiico-l,vrmaa War.
Between Laon and Rheims, I pael
through Chalons and Epernsiy, at w hit n
place I saw, for the first time, t:if
r nines lircurs or iree-snootcr. a coi i
lo w hich I niust ucrottt a lew lines bi
way of description. The corps was, in
the most comprehensible possible mean
ing of the word, irregular. The n en
wliocom;Mised it were not only irregular
in every thing they did, but spH-arel to
glory in their irregularity. They seemed
to have very few officers, and the lew
they had were seldom, if ever, to lie icon
on duty with tlie men. The latter had
evidently souls above oliedienee, fori Inn
did very much what they liked, and in
the manner they liked. They evidently
hated the regular army, and the bitter
returned the compliment with interest.
Wlieu at Epernay I witnessed a skirmish
between a battalion of regular infantry
and a small party of German Uhlans,
w ho were evidently feeling their way,
and trying to find out what was the
strength of the French trixips there.
The officer commanding the French out-
past behaved with great judgment, try
ing by retiring his men to draw on the
Uhlans, and find out their numbers. He
had almost succeeded in enticing the
enemy to advance, and had managed to
hide tho strength of his detachment,
when all at once a body of Francs
Tireiirscanie no, and without waiting, or
even asking for orders, they Ix-gnn at
once to bla.e away at the Germans,
causing the latter to retreat Tho of
liccr commanding was very angry, ami
tent orders to the irregulars that thei
were to cease firing forthwith; but the)
took no notice of what was said, man)
of them declaring in a loud voice that
tho regulars were playing the game ol
the enemy, and did not want any of the
latter to lie defeated or killed. When
an attempt was made to find out who
was in command of the Francs Tirem
no such person could be found, and on
an order being given that the command
ing officer would causo an official in
quirv to be m ule into the conduct of the
irregular the w hole corps, not less than
live hundred strong, vanished and dis.
porsod, so th at they could no more be
found. All Av IVnr Hound.
Microcosm of Lunatic.
Some lunatics seem to live in a world
of their own. An old lady oneo aston
ished and amused us by exclaiming,
without anv warning or provocation.
Two cats and the bird of paradise are
waiting to convey you to your heavenly
homo, and you are to sit for nine days
between tho cats and tho bird of pant
disc." Then she stopped and forgot
that she had said any thing. It was
liko an alarm clock suddenly going olT,
startling every one going on, and ceas
ing Just a quietly and surprisingly. A
patient lived in tho bath-room and
made friend with the rats, for whom
hs had a great affection. Thoy would
actually do what they were told. Some
ono else thought alio was tho wife of
President Buchanan, and had thn Iml
lucination that her husband frequently
ran a locomotive through Washington
avenue, Philadelphia, w ith a big bonnet
in front of It, to remind her of the an
noylng fact that in hor young dv sho
had been a milliner. NortK American
WAR UNDER WATER.
The t'sra to Which Sulimarloa Boats May
ll Put In Kilt or Klragglra.
Even when at anchor a vessel will be
likely to be protected by a crinoline and
encircled by small floating mines with
which the submarine bout might come
in contact, say E. L. Zaliuaki, writing
of submarine vessels. Should the boat
trust for its means of aggression to
locomotive torpedoes, such as the
Whitehead, the protecting crinoline
might still partially ward off the blow,
lecent experiments abroad have shown
that wire netting affords considerable
protection against attacks of this kind,
unless the charge are much larger
titan are carried in such self-propelling
torpedoes as are now in ue, or the first
torpedo is closely followed by a second.
The last may then Im able to make
ita way through the rent niado in the
netting by the first Besides protection
by a crinoline and outlying mines
against surface and submarine torpedo
Ijoata, a vessel may be equipped with
rapid-firing pneumatic guns, whose
sheila carrying from ten to twenty
pounds of dynamite or other high ex
plosive, can lie nrwl so as to penetrate !
the water any desired number of feet
before exploding. In this way, if per
ceived, the submarine boat may not
have fully ita own way in the attack.
The Nordenfehlt experiments hare
shown that unless the boat is very
deeply submerged, it is likely to lie de
scried from tlie mastheads, when it
has approached sufficiently near to
make an attack with such an appliance
a the Whitehead torpedo.
Ou the other hand, if the submarine
boat is armed with pneumatic guns
cambleof throw ing large torpedo shells
through the air much greater distances
than would be possible through the
denser resisting mislium, water, its
chances of approaching within Mrik
ing distance unobserved are very
much increased. It has also a far
wider range of choice of H.ition from
whence to make an attack. Io fact,
its chances arc increased very much
more than the spiare of the distance
from which it irttack. For not alone
is the area in which it can choose its
point of approach increased directly as
the square of the distance or effective
ranks of its armament, but its chances
of escape from the counter ojieration
of tho enemy are also fully au.il to
As submarine boats become more
generally use,!, men-of-w ar w ill doiibt-
n-ss lie provided w ith small ones for
submarine picket duty, and for remov
ing the submarine minium b feiica of a
nai ixir aiauii in, no iiuai knl. Jt les
not reipiire the imagination of Jules
Verne to see, in the future, submarine
conflicts lu twecn the boata of antagon
ists who are also fighting on the sur-fai-e.
Ordinary sm-face-going torjHslo
Donts must approach to within three or
four hundred yards to enable them to
launch their self-propelling torpedoes
w ith any chance of success. In coming
within striking distance they will be
subject to a very severe lire from tho
large niimlxT of machine and rapid
firing shell guns with which modern
war vessels are equipped. Their
chances of running the gauntlet of
such fire with success are comparative
ly small. It would seem, theiefoi-e.
to be certain that submarine boats will
be used for this purMise. They will al
so be employed by an attacking force
to remove the mines of the defense,
and by the defense in replacing mines
which have been exploded iu tlie course
of an action or removed by tlie enemy.
A SILENT TELEPHONE.
The Wonderfully Inamloa. Invention of a
A few favored gentlemen who were
gathered in the private office of Mr.
George Westinghouso the other after-
noou witnessed a test of a new tele
phonic appliance which is far mure
wonderful than the telephone now in
use. It Was being exhibited by Mr.
Lowth, the inventor. One of those
who wens present gave a description of
it without going into technicalities.
It is a very simple contrivance and
may not inappropriately be termed a
dumb telephone, as it ha no transmit
ter, pi-opony speaking, the conversa
tion being curried on by means of a
receiver alone. Attached lo the receiv-
inr tube, which is shaped somewhat
tiiiiereiii irom inoso now in use, is a
single wire to tho end of which isa sen
smve imio appliance winch presses
against the larynx and glands of the
neck, and as tho jaws are moved in
conversation tlie motion sends flu
wonls spoken along tho wire as dis
tinctly u tlie telephone now in use, and
it is claimed even more distinctly.
There is no necessity for veiling at the
man at tho other end of the lino, and
no uso for it, as them is no receiver to
shout into, and, a will lie seen by the
above description of tlie contrivance,
the sound and words are conveyed by
the gentlest motion of the jaws.
Tho operation of tho new telephope
is wonderful in the extreme, and all
who i.iw it express their astonishment.
To ono of these the inventor turned
and said that it was far less wonderful
than the mode of conversation he had
witnessed in a New England town sev
eral years since. This conversation,
he stated, had given him tho Idea
which led to the invention, and it took
place between a man who was deaf,
dumb ami blind nnd ono of his rela
tives, Theso two conversed, he said,
by placing tho tips of their fingers on
each other's neck In the precise locality
where the little instrument in uso on
his telephono touches, and by this
menus tho two would converse as Intel
ligbly, so far as thoy wore concerned,
as persons in ordinary conversation..
ntliburgk Commercial- Qatdt.
Th Ntranirth and ranttlnn oftlia Saw
York lolic Fore.
New Yorkers religiously believe that
they have thn best police system and
the finest police force in existence. A.
represented by the lionrd of aldermen
-August 11. lHWi-they hold that "the
police (lepartment has reached a stand
ard of efficiency hitherto umittitiiied,
and siiK'iior to that of any force in the
world." This opinion, expressed after
the funeral of ex-President Grant, may
only be that of a majority; but, never
theless, exceptions prove, the rule. '
What is the number of the metro
politan police force? what are itsduties?
how is it organized? and in w hat man.
ner are it duties performed? are ques
tions whoso answers determine the
soundness or unsoundness- of the pop!.
larfaith. The number of the police force, of all
ranks and grades, on the last dav of A.
D. 1, was 2.'.i;W. including ,ij pro
bationer. The Legislature of theSU.te
of New York, on May 12, ISWi, unani
mously authorized the addition of flOO,
in deference to the general conviction
tbtit it was numerically too small to
ope with the possible emcrcenciel of
the times. The city of New YorK, esti
mating its population at l.CiO.OOO, then
, exclusive of the Central Park
force, one police officer to every 6G2 of
the inhabitants. This, In view of the
heterogeneous character of the twoide.
and the n-culiar relation of tlie city to
the continent, was really an. insufficient
supply. In 1hh;i Philadelphia had one
policeman to every 6.'lfl of it citizens;
H.iltinmre, one to 52o; Boston, one to
187; the metropolitan district of Lon
don, one to 312; and the ancient city of
limjon, one to every 100.
The Police Department of New York,
established ami organized under the
law of 170. consists of the Board of
Police -w hich is composed of four Com
missioncrs. appointed bv the Mayor
of tlie police force, and of officials ap-
Niintcd by the Commissioner.
Tlie bulk of the police force, cor-
resjHinding to the privates or enlisted
men of the regular arm v. consisted on
the 1st of January, 18G, of !,396 pa
trolmen. On the loth of June, accord
ing to the return of Deputy Chief Clerk
Dvlamater, the native nationality of
the 2.038 men of all ranks and grades
lien constituting the police force waa
as follows: United States, 1.71.5; Ire
land. 971; Germany. 13G: Austria, 4:
Italy. 5; Switzerland. 1: Canada. 13:
England. SO; Finland, 1; Scotland. 14;
France. 6; Bavaria. 1; Nova Scotia. J;
Pen mark, 1; Sw eden, 2; West Indies.
I. Thus the United State have con
tributed SiMti. In land 33.17. and all
other countries 7.37 per cent of the
whole. The Hibernian element, in
cluding those bom in this country,
is iloeiilcilly predominant Naturally
enough, those in whose constitution
habits of sulMirdination to authority
have boon ingrained by generations of
servitude are most watchful and reso
lute w hen the enforcement of law is in
trusted to their hands. Whatever their
ancestral antecedents, the New York
police have invariably illustrated the
virtues of implicit obedience, gelf-con-
trol. manly courage and intelligent
fidelity. The club is at times ouite
ely used. The ideal policeman is
only an ideal. The actual is but an
approximation to the imaginary arche
type, because he is only a man under
all the limitations of the common-place
American citizen. Dr. Hicluml W'heaC-
!, in Hnrfmr' Mitijuziue.
JUSTUS H. RATHBONE.
A Kit of t.oaalp About the Founder of til
Orilrr ut KniKhta of I'ythlaa.
The founder of the order of thn
Knight of Pythias is a clerk in the
office of tlie Second Auditor of the
Treasury. His name is Justus H. Rath-
Ihiiio. Washington has lioen his home
for a number of years, and, in fact,
ever since the close of the war, he has
la-en a Government clerk. Ho is now
about fifty year of tigs. During the
war he obtained some notoriety by be
ing shut up in the old Capitol prison
for promoting, it is said, a scheme to
secure discharges for soldiers, circulars
lieing sent broadcast to the effect that
t discliarge would be procured for a
small fee. Whatever truth thero was
in the charge, he managed to secure
his release after a time. Ho always
took an interest 1 1 secret societies and
their rituals, ami that for the Knight
of P thins is not the only ono he pre-,
pared; yet that alone is sufficient to
make hi name known the world over,
or wherever the fanio of this new ex
emplification of the story of Damon
and Pythias has sp.ead itself. Versa
tile w ith his pen, the strangest part of
his career is that he has not devoted
himself to it altogether.. One would
think that he could, by industry, make
for himself a handsome competence in
literary work, but he has ever been
content to follow the routine of a
Treasury employe. A daughter of his
inherits many of her father' brilliant
'.pialities, and is favorably known in
Washington society. Carp, in Ckv
A well-known actor had a most
resplendent coat made wherewith to
embellish a new piece; and after the
play had been running sonio weeks tho
player went to the tailor to order a new
uit, when tho latter remarked that the
ifoifsuid coat had made Imth gain and
fame for him. "Indeed," said the cus
tomer. "Oh, yes, air," quoth tlie tailor,
"Why, I had another order for one of
tho same sort to-day." "From an
actor?" asked tho customer. "No,
sir," replied the tailor, "from a gentle
man." The motto on B.-u Butler's crest If
"As I Hud it." That on Cirus W.
Field's is "Nothing without God."