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J.. - .., Tr,.-
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Vol. 17. Ko, 1.
OKKUOX CITY, OlllWOar, TIIUUSDAY, JA.3CAIIY 12, 1882.
R.SJH I' I
i 111 1 nr j 1
!! UIM)K, Kdttur and Proprietor.
tie Copy, one irrmr. In mlvnnfW...,,.,..l'I M
4kaJ. 0py,alx inoiillia, lu advance 1 W
Terma of Advertising,
Treeal.nl MdverliseiuanU. Including
all leel biHIitoi, per eo,uare of twelve
Maes, una wnk.,.. mmm J
f eeull llilHHlniil luaurtloll hh I Mil
f ae ouluinn, one year..... , ....... 130 IX)
klf onlumii, una year ...... ..... uu
Mrtir nuluiun. uiin year '
eieiaaa ranl.nna year U W
WW ill 1 t
RIOOI lODOK, I. 0. 0. MHo. I.
feels every Tliraday evening. Kl
f J o'olock In III Odd Fellows'
Mall, Mlii ilwl. Mxtubvriol Ilia
t dar r luvil.nl la tl"iil.
lly or Jrr of
, tlllOCl BEQREI 10D0S, Xo. 9, LO OT.,
a1aiaa. lha (vinrt and Koiirlh Tii-'lv
, ay maulh. an I'lu "!..' 111 Hi" iiiu ri
' !' nail. Naiubon 01 iu D''iirv lira invi
14 la allaad.
V&LU XICiMFMKRT Ho. . I. 0- 0- T,
IIhu al (Mil KAliawa' Mall, " '0 C
r-m aa.l ihlrU ru"i.l lo oh ""'"4OCi
Falrlaralii la (xx lauilinf ara InvlWlTT
f ITSOSIH lODOg Ha. 1. A. F. k- M.
Mi'H IU fvnlr otiiumuiiimiiiina mi
tiiir.Uya in -i
1 (nun Ilia Mil f X
Nil 11I Mrihi anil' '
In irrt anUliilnl mhih
aiaatn. at 1 o oli"k
a..hrir ! Llta lull lit Marfflis
al 1 iWn oliH-k (mm Hi" Kli af Murcti to lha
Xh af Hi("iutr. Jlr.'tlir. ii In umil aland
!( ra IoIImI lo aitauil. lly 'Jt n( W.M.
J 1 1
HUalNKHS OAK DM,
a i batu.
t. A m'Maiua.
EASTHAM & McBRIDE,
ATroHM.VH ! I.AV.
OrBaa la tla.uk eulMlng. r"oo City.
HARVEY E. CROSS,
Ititncj 10J rouasrlvir-ul-Law, and olarj
onkkix nrr, our.H!.
OoaaaranHm and aulr-iiiltln a ajia-
laltr. l'lliviin( ruiiiHiy niaiiK,
OAaa lln luuly Irvaaun-r
Ca D. LATOURETTE,
lttornpT and t'ouun lor at Iw
Ul KTNRItT. oniBIION CITT
raralaliai ahalrarta of tltla, Inani innnpy
(arMloatx miirtuaK. a, aud
JOHNSON. McCOWN MACUUM
Ittorarfs mil Counrurs-at-Lnw,
Olluua CITT, oJOH.
Will Dramltn In all cmrta In lh Mint
Haelal allonil'in (Ivi'n tu oitara III lha L
I nil uittoaln cri'iion l lly.
All htlnUor ll.ir, birtll'M Ik, 1x11
Oraiua Ully uo-r. Km billiard lalilna.
j a tii k place to urr yooh
CHOICE WINES AND LIQUORS
Ueors and Cigars,
HILL & JEWELL
Orecnn City, Of.
Oregon City ltvvr.
Tnn rEi.EnuATED brvkramc from
Wvlnliard'a lln-fry, al furllaiid, lacou
alaatly kait on dranrhl al
JACK TREMBATH'S SALOON.
It la tha baat tnrr la tha city, and ha Invllea
the piihlle to oall aadK.lv It a trial. t'.nii
ft Ulaaa. Mnr I, ltl7H-l(.
OREGON CITY BREWERY.
llrowiiry.wlalii'a to Inform l!u pnlillnl ltnt
ha la now prupnriid lu miinuiuutiiro a -m
I quality or
Ai goad ai can Iw olilamml anywhem in Ilia
Mlaln. Ordnninllclti'd and DruniDlly flllud.
vaaaaa a-a air la-afTaJI.'
This favorlto old Hotel lias re
cently boon rofittod and refurn
ished. Every thinjr is first-class
and rates for Hoard and Lodging
A. C. II UI.KY Proprietor.
Main St., Oregon City.
MANUFACTURER AND IMPORTER OP
Nailillea, Tlnrneaa, ,
Y V oun bs bud lu the Ui.1vt.11, lit
WHOLESALE OR RETAIL.
tori warraut my nooil n rnnmaontod,
Radii mid Ilnruoaa Mnkur1
OrffOD City Oriim Nov. 1, 185-ir,
1'.' A . U'l
Tin, Copper and
KOOHMi AM' JUl'.l'.lM VI hVhKl DhiSCHirilU.N
DONE TO OUDEIi, AM) AT LOW PKICES.
Vou M-ill iind
HAKDWAUE. WOODEN WAKE
- LAMPS, OIL, LUCINE AND
Frh'.s to Suit tlic Time!
I'OPJ V CO.,
dwi'iy Ort'Kon City, Orrpon.
MATCIIKS CliOCIiS AX I) .n:wi;MtY.
It , rixr -
i .AT X
1 11a th Jnlinaon Tellannple Kye Tealer for a. i. o Inir Rlnwa.
It aeloola I ho claiaof I Mia neoi-Miiry. whethi.r(rononve or run vex, Oonhleor Perlaeople.
II ai'lermlin't ine iiK-ai nuiiUHT noi'iii'ii. 11
heiwwu IImmi). 11. dolwia dm pr-Bi'iio or si
niauani. I nil anu navn juur ryr. vAniiiiio-u.
C. II. I-'..ltUlt!t12INrXIi:.l
JICIVI I.KU AMI
rtiHPS! PUMPS! riltlP!) !
b7 - iU : i "S
, 1 t t i k i K,
' f - y n ' , V ' " 1 1
1 f !
RJnu 1HS0 1 1.
X. 1 I
NHINOI.KN, CKDIR POSTH, OHOCUll.
IKS, l l,OTIllU, llOO'l'H, NIIOKK,
II All 11 W All IC,
And everydilnif naunlly kept In a reun
' try atore,
We Invite the pulillo to cull and nxninlno
our stock before (rolnitto Ore(i" ' ' -r , . ; -land,
aa we are solllnu as ii''
In the state, t'ome and.'
Those lmlcbti.il lol lici '
and srtilo lininedlntcl
Sheet Iron Ware
AND TlXWAttE. LANTERNS,
PACIFIC HUH BE II PAINT.
C. H.tL BURMEI STER.
Walrbmukrr ni Manufiirturiug Jrvrtlrr,
Mrdillna; and Hloaa HlBKa,
(.old aad kllvarlPlallac,
Ualr M ork of all klnda.
Hair Jawvlry mada la ardor,
Wutrhn aud flofki flranrtl and Brpuircd
on Shert 'ntift.
Vila ajTil for lha wirhnitr'l Wnllham
Wi-hf. iao lha oolMirntoU Htlh Thoinai
Old Gold ar NlWar lakaa la Eirhanga,
Jnhnaton'i aaiv llltlnir Bnectaolea and F.re
uiMiveni d'flaln ln evea ai d dlireronea
vopla, IVabyapia, llypurineirop.a aud Aitlg-
1 TAVINO LOrATKU IN ORK.tiON TITT
1 1 the nnderalgned la prciwrud lolurulap
uu auori nuiice,
Of any description, for ordinary uae.
la tho niHiiufiicturiT of the well known
California Rrdwooil Pump,
and annin atyle In Maple ,and Yellow Fir
also iniiniifHCturer of
A Mhi1 Ftnve Pump,
"WITH HOSE ATTACHMENT,
Vhleh la a nrlor Pump In the elans nf
rortM. i'uuipa, 11 ml in aonit'wmit elu'iiwr ti
the Iron Forvo l'unip, whllo It la quite ai
IMlltAlll.tS AND EFFICIENT,
Also anltcltionlora for
Furnishing ami Laying Water Pipe,
htr II vutf or Iron,
For conveylnir. water from Bprlniti to supply
Ileum's, (iiinlt'iia, and Hio.'k on the Farm ; la
accustomed to the workings of tho
And will furnish nnd act tho same on short
notice ororder ; also to the erection of
With Tower, tanks, etc., and Is In readiness lo
t'ouiriiui. u.r ui.iu aucii wura at n'aiionuuie
(iiiiiriintrt'd First Class in Every Respect
Thankful for a liberal patronage heretofore,
ami uojieiui uir ilia iitrciuier, 1 am, respect'
M. L. C. WHEELER.
(P. Box 2i0. 0Kon City.)
OREGON CITY, 0RE00.N
T. W. RHODES,
T.aiislent Hoard, VI to 9'- per Da.
Ingle Meals ,.... ,.,..50 cent.
naid per Week ...... IS 00
aid nnd Lodtfln , ,ierweek '$0 0
wj il Aa. . .. -"aav
ft 7 aaX
MotWi lllia and Phyaiultuia
IT 13 MOT NARCOTIC.
(lie M'orld'n prrut Tttlu-ire-llovlnu
rcmwlies. Tliey lieal,
Miotlie nud euro UuriiB,
Wounds Weak Iack and
IlbcutnatUm uiku Man, and
pralus, Galls aud Lameness
;;wn licatH. Cbcaj), quick
uud reliable. t
EPTJHT3 of dinenatinc Mueua,
SnoiHaa, CraokUuo; Paini la tio
Head, Faiid traatK, Coofaeaa,
and aa Cat.irrlioJ Complaint,
ran fca ztrmliiated hj Wei t
Mayar'i Catarrh Care, a Comti
tatiosal Aatidota, l)r Abaorp
tion . Tha mo.t Important Eia
aoyarr tlaom Vaooiaatioa.
irori.n inform the citizens ok
M On-ifon City aud vicinity that lie baa
alwaya uu liaud
Fir and Cedar Lumber,
Of every deter ptlon, at low ratra
Dry riaorlari ''lnir, Kaatle,
Mprara ilac.afevlvlBgl, LaUlre,
Plcbpt and tartar Fence Paala
Rlroet and SMaa-allt lumrn-r furnlahrd on
the aliort-a mitir. al aa low rnles a It can be
purrliaMMl In tlit'Mlnlr,
uiva rue a can ai iuo
iosuuoy CITT SA r H1LL3.
Malu Street, Orecou Cltv.
la DTepan-d to execute Phoinernphto and
Klereoaniplo Work ou tuoahorU'tl uollcc. tie
baa, aim. a
On he latest and moat approved kind, fl.ltf
WIS ES ami CIGAES,
111 A Ql'IKT, onHKULY H0VSK.
Free Lunch Every Day. ali'DUtt
wJUasWr rid'citE Frames, .
Munldiugs, Misfclliiiieons Goods, Etr Ete.
FKAMKH MADE TO ORDER.
rostofnoe.Matn St.Oregon Clty.OrcKoa.
irE. THE UNnEHSIONEO. WOULD I5E'
V .,u,. ii,illv Inform the cllliens of Clack'
am an county that, we are permanently loca
ted In the Hlaeksmllli and WaKou-iunkcrs
business, and will keep
ALL KINDS OF STOCK FOR NEW WORK
and will warrant all our work, aud shall
pea our share ol patronaKe.
11. W. POKTKH.
Bgltf 11. W. COMNTOf K.
Clai'kamua County, Oregon,
11LACKSMITHI0 and HORSKKHOEING
Done with neatness and dispatch
DTjrtTNe MY AP8ENCH FROM THI1
Slate, Messrs. Johnson, McCown & Aa
orura will kve oti.'.-feof my business, and.
nnrsnna Indebted II Ml
Ill covern ineiu
selves aoi.01 tlUKl; ' W,
J. J. COOKE.
Bare pasture and l'oor rsttla are
an re conscqneiire of over-stocking land.
The grass ahonld gain on the animals
during Ike growing season. Cattle
tliat are obliged to eat nigbt and day
to satisfy tlieir sppetites cannot mature
proporly, (J no both your grass and
yonrcowi a cLance and do not crowd
AH ISHRCT DESTROYED,
A natnraliHt ears that ttie honse wren
is one of t!ie most vulnable birds on ac
count of the great number of Insect it
destroys. A single pair is said to carry
about a thousand insects to their yonng
in one day. Farmers would find it to
their advantage to pnt nesting coxes
in their orchards and groves where in
sects are most destructive, as these
birds return to tho same localities ver
If your potatoes bsve been grown in
a dry soil they will keep without trou
ble. Uefore frost sets in give tueru
plenty of vputilution. If the moisture
passing off from them is Condensed and
thrown back upon them they will soon
decay. The temperature must not be
allowed to fall below forty degrees. Po
tatoes grown in a wet sou bad better be
dinposd of as soon as possible, as thev
will not keep long.
CHANGE OF FOOD.
A correspondent of the Country Gen
tleman savs that it is important' for
cows, at t bis season of t lie year, that a
frequent change of fooJ be made. If
one description of food is constantly
uaed the cows tire of it, eat leas greed
ily and show a reduction of produce.
The novelty of change seems to whet
the sppetite and to stimulate the vital
ity of the whole system, and, of course,
to promote the secretions.
The Drover's Journal says: "The
man who makes the business pay is the
man who carelully selects bis breeding
ewes, annually culls out the old and in
ferior stock to fatten for market, and
constantly keeps at the bead of bis
Bock a thoronghbred male, if be cannot
afford to start with purely bred ewes.
No other kind of stock raisiug pays so
liberally at present aa sheep growing i?
properly aneruien 10. ioiwi success
fnl flock master rou rjust keep yonr
flock vountr. feed well, and bred with
WHEAT ASD CLOVER.
But the elaboration of this plant
food is not the only good office that
clover performs. Its rootlets penetrate
every portion of the soil, compacted
nd cloddy by long cultivation, ana ny
their decsv pulverize and put it in the
best possible condition for the coinpar-
tivelv feeble wheat roots to iced npon.
This pulverization is a very important
part of wheat culture; it is mainly tuis
that summer fallowing accomplishes,
nd clover ;!oe it in the moRt perfect
manner, lins explains wiiy 11 is onen
of about as much benefit lo turn ever a
clover Bod without the tops as with
them. Western Homesteud,
APPLES AND PEARS.
The successful growth of apple and
pear trees requires a cool, moist soil.
The effect of a hot, dry summer upon
our orchards is to cause a general drop
ping off of the frnit, and a deteriora
tion in the quality of that which re
mains. Our frnit trees are separated
by greater distances than prevails
among forest trees, yet if nature is to
be taken as a guide, then forest trees,
however larce. should be mulched, it
the whole orchard would be mulched
with leaves and meadow hsy, aud thus
the moisture retained, then we could
combine the cool, moist soil of Eng
lend with the hot, bright sun of this
conntrv. the latter giving snob color
and flavor to its native frnit as the
whole world cannot equal. Western
Frof. Bel, of Michigan, says: "If
von have monev to throw away, seed
down your young orchard to clover or
timothy, or sow a crop ot wneaioroais.
If vou want the trees to inrive, emu
vate well till they are seven to ten years
old. Snread sshes. mannre or salt
broadcast. Stop cultivating in August,
weeds or no weeds; this allows the
ireus tn riuen for winter. The ques.
t on whether to oultivate om orouarus
or not mnat be answered by manuring
irs If the color of the leaves is
good and they grow well and bear fine
fmit thev are doing well enough even
if in grass. But if the leaves are pale,
the annual growth leas than a foot on
and the iruit small
and poor, something ia the matter, and
thev are Buffering for a want of cnltiva-
tion or mnonie.or both. To judge of
the condition of an apple tree is like
judging-of the condition of Bheep in a
pasture. Look at the sheep and not at
the pasture, and if they are plump and
' , ., IT
fat they are all right.
Fowls to be palatable and tender
should be fattened anickly. From.
eight to ton days are sufficient. Plaoe
the birds in a roomy coop in some out
building, where they will be free from
draught and in a modified light. The
1 . . a, 1 s a . .--I
morning lood SUOUia ue giveu us oar' v
as possible, and should oonsist of good,
sweet, yello w oornmeal, mixed with one
third its quantity of heavy wheat mid
dlings; mix with boiling water, and in
tha water should be chandler's scraps
snflkient to make the water quite greasy
and to every two qnarts of feed, every
other day, mix a tableapoonful of pow
dered charcoal before the water it
poured on the feed. Let it stand cov
ered np,and after being mixed twenty
minutes, feed. At noon, use the meal,
leaving out the middlings, and in its
place, put in all the table scraps yon
can gel and some finely chopped cab
bage; ne the charcoal only in the
morning feed. At night feed corn that
has been boiled nntll it is swollen twice
its natural size. Every other day add
to noon feed a little buckwheat (in
grain). Give water after each feed-
warm, sweet milk is best if yon have it
to snare. Give during the any, but
always give water for drink at night.
Do not feed anything for at least twelve
hours before killing, and let the last
feed be soft food ; nd if yon would
like a nice, gamy flavor to the meat let
it contain a good proportion of chopped
celery. Fowls fed in this way fatten
very rapidly, and their flesh is tender,
juicy and tempting. American Farmer.
The opes fall las afforded special ad
vantages for fall ploughing, which
every enterprising farmer bss done to
a greater or less extent. There is al-
wavs a rntb of work in the spring, nnd
fall ploughed land, besides being bet
ter for most crops, is very easily and
qnickly put in order. A light, sandy
sou is not helped by fall ploughing.
A writer in the Nebraska farmer,
says: "We always nnd turnips put In
the cellar become pithy and worthless.
My method is to obviate this, and I do
it in this way: W hen I pull my tur
nips I cut off the top way down into
the turnip, cut deep enough to cut all
the eye out, then cut tho toot off smooth
and nice and you have them in a condi
tion to place in a cool part of the cellar
or to burv out in open ground, and
you need have no fear of pithy turnips.
Beets should be buried out of doors,
with manure over the dirt, so the
ground will not freezo. In this way
you can get at them any time in the
witter. A part of the parsnip crop
ebon Id be dug in the full, they may be
put in the cellar ro matter if they do
wilt, they are so much tweeter."
THR WASHINGTON PEAR.
"An Old Gardener" writes to the
Horticulturist: "I don't see what ia
the matter with our nomologist nowa
days, for it strikes me they are turning
their backs on many of tlie gooa old
fashioned fruits that some of na cm
recollect with such vivid suggestions
of excellence Now the old trees
planted by my ancestors still stand, and
among them not one no not even tha
Seckel can exceed this delicious pear,
the Washington. True, there are sea
sons when it does cot produce largely,
but then it is generally at its best, and
when it is loaded heavily the frnit does
not ripen properly. A proper thinning
of the crop obviates this difficulty, how
ever, snd 1 would fien like to see tne
pear that will 'ell better in the markets
or in the confectioner's rindow. It de
lights in a rather heavy soil, with a
good coat of mannre occasionally, and
then the reward is BUre."
A correspondent asks whether drill
ing in sed is auvisame or not, ana
mentions the fact that in many exper
iments the product per acre has been
against the drill sown wheat. This,
however, is uot because the drill was
used, but because the seed is sown too
thickly. To have the best results tha
plants should be bait an incb apart, in
which case they become so strong
that there is less danger of their being
winter killed than if they are weakened
by overcrowding. Ex.
GRAFTING GRAPK VINES.
Grape vines can be grafted, although
grafting has not been much practised
in thiicountry. Various methods of
grafting have been recommended, but
the following is probably as good as
any. The old vine should be cut off
below the ground early in the spring
and before the sap has started, and
cleft in the same matner as an apple
or pear stock. The cutting is pre
pared and inserted in tne manner nsuai
witu other grafts, i lie stock is uouna
no and the earth replaced. The out-
tine should have one eye left above the
ground. Lewistou Journal.
Nurserymen know what pnrohasers
ill not believe, that short, stocky trees
are better for on orohard, more likely
to live aud come quicker into bearing
than bill, slender trees, whether apple,
peach, pear, plnm or cherry. 1 lie rea
son is simply this, tall trees in the nur-
serv rows for some reason get the start
and over-top aud over-shadow
that started later, the sap of th
consequently pushes its growth upward
and into foliage while the roots are long
and slender and few, consequently it
does not bear transplanting as well or
do as well after being trarsplanted, as
was expected from its fine appearance
in the row. Stocky trees, on the con
trary, being over-shadowed, make a
shorter growth, with branohes Snd foli
age nearer the ground, with numerous
Bhort and branching roots; and it is
these numerous, short roots that do not
waste their substance in bleeding or by
absorption from the soil, that cause the
tree to start off in a rapid growth and
out-strip its slender rival, and also
come quicker iuto profitable bearing.
(Continued on Eighth Page )