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About Oregon City enterprise. (Oregon City, Or.) 1871-188? | View Entire Issue (Nov. 7, 1878)
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RETAKE OF PRECEDING PAGE
IBIIIII I I
. :i - - , . , . mm aaaaa aanasai -
F O K T a s
Varni r, Ilualneaa JIu and Family Clrole
I88UKD BTKRI THURSDAY.
FROPRIKTQR AND fBBLHURB.
Q "Hcial Paper for Clackamas County.
pn,,,,! ,u Kutrirl lluilitluff,
deer Sea f Masonic Building, Main Street.
Term M,0'lpt ln
,,n. ,ir. la advance.
alagle Coal, six Months, in 2i?auce
Tarina of AUerIIlg-j
Traasieut adYertlseuieuta, including all legal
netlces, per square of twelve lines, one
week; . ,. jt
Far each subsequent iosvrtioa - 1 00
tint Column, una year.. v., .. 12 00
Half C'aluiuu, una Mr....... tk 00
Ouarter Culuiuu, one year.. ....... . , . 48 60
JBtulaesa Card, one square, oua jeax . 11 0Q
OREGON LODGE, No. 3, I. O.
Meeta every Thursday livening, at te,.
7 o'clock, in Odd f ellows' Hail, t ''I'fCS'
M.lt Ctraat t..,,.,..,, r n..i. .i;.vi
are invited to attend. t"
' By order of
REBECCA DEGREE LODGE, No. 2,
I. 0. O. F., meets on the Second and i -r
J- onrtn 1 uesday Ermines of each month. I Hi
v.i., in tug uaii j; ellow Hall. Jf 1 m
01 iaa utgrvu are Invited to
FALLS ENCAMPMENT, No. 4,
x. j. j. mifH at Odd iellowB" Hall on
the riret and Thlid Tueaday of each month
Patriarchs ia f jod standing are invited to
MULTNOMAH LODGE, No. 1.
u j.u.i jia regular communt
catonn oa the First aud Third tSaturdav.
iJi each month, at 7 o'clock from the 20tu
. af September to the 2ith of March; and '
7 5 0'cloek from the at'th of March to the '
: 'JOth of 8optemlr. brethren in good e tail din
. iiiTiiou 10 aicena. iiy ordar of -. yf
WARREN N. DAVIS, M. D.,
IMiyMiciuii and Nurg;ooii,
(radiate of the University of Pennsylvania.
):ca ax Cliff Ilovaa.
I'liyHiclaii awtl lrujjj;ist.
aifPreaorlptions carefully filled at short notice.
DR. JOHN WELCH,
FC2 ORROOV citt orkoox
Hikest ca. "b prtca l-n'.t fox Coanly Orders. -
E. L EASTHAIW.
ATTOIt -Vi,"Y-AT-LA W,
OREOOJJ ClTv- OREGON.
Speeial attention 8tb ta bv in8 b'. 8
OHiee In Myer's Briek.
JOHNSON & MoCOVw'N,
ATTORNEYS and COUNSELORS AT LI W
OREGON CICr, OREGON.
Will aractica in all the Courts of (be State.
Spertal atteatioa given to cases in the United
P tat oa La ad Otfice at Oregon City. 0apr72-tf
(LAKKS OF EVERT DESCRIPTION FOB
Aale at Iblaafflea. Joatioas af tka Paeaee eaa
get aaytaiaf la tkatr line.
rJCO. A- HARDING,
rtiPB CONSTANTLY O-N HAND AGRNERAL
Jrng: and Chemicals, .
pwfumamry, Son pa.
? aval Ml Urualira.
Jiboularr Brart ff.t and
trnil OiT. Laaaip Clilmnyi.
mmn. Inl. Palal. Olla,
farulidr anal It 3 e ull.
PURE WES AND LIQUORS FOR
PATENT Mi.'TOICINES' ETC., ETO
,3. Physiolaas- 1 '"riptiua earefally
p.nded. and all orde. 1?? w.
IT All ,-runt n.utt a paid luonthly.
UtD as HARBIJftf .
ama a,a wb a
W. H. HIC. AFIELD,
1.1 1 yll 1 I ' 1 " 0
One door North of P T' Hall,
MAIN ST., OBKUOJI tlV. OKEUO.Y.
An laurimint of Watches. Je VIry, and.
: Setn Tnomas' Weiaht Clocks, all f
. are warranted to be as represented.
7Repalring dona on short netice;
: far past patronage.
4'ata Paid fair County Orderv
JOHN (VI. BACON,
flCTURB FRAMES. MOULDINGS AND MISCEL
FK1JIF.S JI1DE TO OHDKR.
Oaeoox (7itt, Obkoos. t
aVAt the Past Office, Main Street, weBt side.
A. C. WALLINC'S
JPioiiccr Koolc Kimlerj'
pittaek's Building, cor. of Stark aud Front ta..
J1LANK BOOKS EULF.D AND BOUND TO AST
iddaired pattern. Music Bocks, Magazine,
.wsMpan.eto.. onnd la every variety of style
trade. Order- from the country
promptly atte.dM ta. aoTl, .5-tf
OREGON CITY DREWERY.
trying purehased the abov Brewery. ,rirr,
LiS'e ta inform the publie that they aretjJW;
aiaw prepared ta manufacture a So. JJ 1 '
"nUf Or LAGER BEER.
kt c obtinl1 anywhere in the Slate.
er,riii.te 4preaajtly tiled.
Dreaming: of Honie.
BT OATH BHITTLK.
meatraiu to the Jpar
clover ia in Lloom,
Lot me wet my feet ia the Jew-bathed grasa,
and breathe its Bwee,t ierfume
Gire mo a eat 'neath the old roof-tree, a
,. lrauglit from the homestead well.
A romp iu the meadow or up on the hill, where
the ecUot ua d to dwell;
And in one hour of calm dclighU'll live again
the yeara : " -When
Uie bitterest grief was mvept away in a
-flood of transient tears. '
I see again the vine-clad porch, the rose bush
- by the gate,
Where the brightest gleauii of antiset seem
love to linger late. '
The gray barn iu the distance, the spring-house
. ,-. near at hand, - -. " v ' -
The Crystal spring, and the limiid stream with
rustic bridges spanned.- . - '
The orchard and the garden, the fields of wav-
ing grain, ' : ;
The catile in the meadow, the pet lamb in the
And I hear the reapers'.voiees, and the scythe
blades' ringing sweep,;
The whistle of the meadow-lark, the bleattug
of the sheep; ... - " -
The tuneless droning of the bees that rob the
The buzzing of the summer ily, aud the farm
yard's din; - .
Discordant sounds to othti'dears, but now they
come to mo ' -
More welcome than the dulcet notes of sweet
est harmony. .
It wi a dream. No more for me those sights
and Bounds so dear;
My borne has been a strangev's for this many
and many a year.
The house is gone, and on the spot where mem
ory sets it stand, -
Looms up atowertd mansion for a child of for
And art has chang d tho orchard, tho meadow,
and the field
To "grouuds" tliat nought but rarestfrnits and
scarcest flowers yield.
I would not know the tipot again, bnt hard by is
tiie grove -
Where rest the mouldering: forms of those
whose memory I love; ' ...
Vin tl- BovtwnJ by their side beneath
the locust's shade,
u ,ne dav.
ere many years. I hone to bava mv
The Famine in China.
time to time receivec"
and disconnected d
,iu f via!;
long-be known L
famine, but it
only no, f. ;f
prospect of it?j "ter
' :" and tlfe sea
' 7can calmly
vm- , in
minatioi. . "
a limit to it. '
review its 6
ports of a pre'
December, 18 1
month the peoj.
sands, while the
ngees was reportc
miles from their lu' '
the native pjtper u 5
cf,ese from hunger.' :i
llev. Timothy llichard '. t
date to this has made i .
wherever the suffering
writes: . .
In the summer time tiie. ,
npotle was for rain, rain. N
very life. Having finished the."
they eat grass, husks, potato-sfalkw
chew bark, acorns, turnip-Jeaves, .
grass-Beeds, which they ga her in
fields and sieve the dnst fioin. It i-.
reported everywhere that many eat the
stalks from the roofs of their houses.
Of their eating fuel leaves there is no
doubt; thousands die because they can
not get even that. Out of a family of
four three are dead. Villages of 500
families report 300 dead of starva
tion. The Netherlands Minister-Eesident,
in an appeal to his countrymen for aid,
confirms the worst we had heard, and
goes on to state that, in spite of the in
tense cold, the sufft rars hal been forced
to "Pulldown their houses, sell their
timber, eat the rotten sorghum stalks
from the roof and the dried leaves
which they usually burn as fuel. Then
they sell their clothes and children.
Having no more clothes, many take
refuge in pits built under the ground
to keep themselves warm by the fetid
trath of the crowd, a eonrse which
js simple death. For the east suburb
of Ching-Chow City there are four such
cits. One-third of the number, 2i0,
briinally"put in tbem died withia six
weeks, and jet, no sooner is a corpse
carried out than a erotfd js struggling
for the place. Starvation ..y juoiif
faces these unfortunate people, and
deputations of old men who come to
beg relief weep like little children be
fore you when they find there is none
to be had. Not a day passes but one
must refuse to many who ask it perhaps
the last bit they would have eaten."
As though death were discontented
with the slowness of his harvest, we
find a fresh source open t,o hasten the
work of annihilation, and that dreadful
scourge,.tvphus fever, or famine, entera
the field and counts his victims uy me
Beores of thousands. The Roman Cath
olic Bishop on April 2 reports 50,000
people starving in the single city of
Tsi-nan-fu, and that 15,000 had already
died there of hunger and disease, and,
as though the cup of sorrow was not
already full, in May vast swarms of
locusts appeared, and invaded not only
the faminjo districts in which moderate
rains had admitted the planting of some
portion of the regioa, but also adjoin
hieh uo to then had
been tho source cf supplies for their
With this pew enemy to battle
kgainst, one of tho Frem-h padres, writ
ing from Sin-kiu under date of May 21,
aThese poor famished people have
dpd to become cruel among
tbemselves and against those most dear
10 Iliem. AlasI howr momr fHi
I families who lived honorably committed
ouiuiuo in order to avoid the iguoniiny
of begging, all their families following
Buch dreadful example. IIow many
woe-strickon women, wives, sisters,
daughters, were sold by their fathers,
brothers, and husbands to unknown
people!; And, therefore, in many
places are seldom to be seen any women,
especially young ones. In a village
where I went to distribute relief all the
women except two were old ones, and
all the children of both sexes had been
sold." ; .
From the ofiicial register of this one
district we learn that over 10ft 7ft Ml r-
sons had been sold, principally feni -"
In J uly the prospects appeared
urtguten, out soon there cams- tko
telligence of blighted harveptsfdrougbt,
locusts, want, becsrarrv. Destilenee. and
famine, threatening the fi ve great north
ern l'rovinces of Chihh. bhansi,
Uonan, and .Shantung, the . latter
having never recovered from- her last
afllictiori. Tho situation Was frightful,
and made doubly ' so by tho certain
knowledge that, were the aid a hundred
fold, that which might be reasonably ex
pected, it would be too late to savo" mil
lions of sufferers for lack of the lijeans
of transportation many of the districts
in need lying in or beyond the nioitn
tains, with hardly a decent ' post-roaV;
much less a railway, in all the wi$le
land; and the only" draught animata,
camels, and donkeys, totally inadequate
for the service. By the 1st of January
of this yrar the old, old stories that
chill the heart each time, no matter how
often they be told-began to arrive.
Fifty thousand refugees about Tientsin,
and the new famine three months old.
Much of the Government grain that
should have arrived a full six weeks
before is now shut out by a barrier of
ice. In two weeks the number of ref
ugees has reached 100,000 at Tientsin.
The Iiev. Mr. ltichards writes from
Shansi.that the famine is far more ex
tensive and the suffering much greater
than it was in Bhantung. The Gov
ernor of Shansi reports the death-rate
at 1 ,000 a day. Mr. Richards announces
the frightful fact that the sufferers have
restored to cannibalism, and that chil
dren are boiled and eaten. On the 7th
of January a fire broke out in one of
tho ' relief yards at Tientsin, the gate
kevper of which locked the gate and
rin away, and the awful spectacle was
presented of 2,000 starving women and
ch'ildren .burned to deatti. Then we
hijar from Tar-Xnen Fu in January, di
rect from the noble ltichards '' "The
Nuanies of eigh
A down for relief
or nine millions are
in the four provinces:
these are the accessible ones, but what
of ...tha starving millions beyond" the
mountains? It is no longer a hidden
secret; the slaughter of the innocents
for food, or the sharing with the dogs
of the human carrion that lines the hih
roads 'increases," says the native High
Commissioner'';4 beyond all efforts, for
Again Shanfcnng is heard from, and
if the province lever needed help it
would seem to be now. On April i wo
read that "the famine increased daily;
uo rain has fallen, and the ground is
dry as a bone. The distracted mothers,
unable to still the hopeless, unanswered
cries of their children, expend their
last efforts ia burying them- alive to
stop their moaning and end their mis
eries." Many villages present the same
appearance as if a rebel horde had dev
astated them. As a Chinaman re
marked, where only a short timo ago
te heard in passing along the barking
' dogs and the singing of children at
y, now all is hushed and still the
3 eaten and the people too weak to
h and sing, or to do ought but pray
od or speedy death. Here is what
t-" the distributors writes of the
coi. ton. "Up to the present time the
peopd contested themselves with eating
thoso who had died, bnt now they kill
the living in order to have them for
food. Husbands eat their wives, pa
rents eat their sons and daughters and
children eat their parents." Women
and girls are sold at less than 2 apiece,
and human flesh is offered for sale in
the markets. Writes another: "A
mother, after having with her husband
eaten their little boy, six years old,
whom they" had themselves killed, pre
paring to cut the throat of their lit le
daughter, eight years old. The little
srirl began to weep at the sight of the
fatal knife, and the neighbors who heard
her arrived just in time to save her.''
"Sometimes, parents, so they mav not
be themselves the horrible executioners
of their own children, agree with other
parents, 'I will kill his child for him
and ho shall kill mine.' It is the same
story of all the provinces, and bodies of
men combine to attack tho smaller ham
lets, not to rob them of treasure and
seek revenge for wrongs inflicted. Lit
erally and truly they go about as wolves
'seeking whom they may devour.
Corrvondr?ce Xew York World.
Photographing a Heart-beat, Qne
of the most remarkable applications of
photography is that by which it is now
mada to register, and in the most accu
rate manner, the mechanical motion of
the heart. The device by which this re
suit is attained is, indeed, a triumph of
inventive skill. It consists of a thin.
indw--rubber bag, to which a short glass
tnlfl is -fl.tUcbed;. sunieient mercury is
nnn rfi I into the' acparatus to fill the
ba and a portion oi the tuue, ana, me
instrument is then placed over the heart
nf Urn TersQii to be examined. Ar
ranged in this manner, eveiy pulsation
of the heart is indicated by a corres
ponding movement of the mercury of
the tube, and, by suitable photographic
apparatus, provided with a moving
sensitive slip cf raper, " a perfect regis
traliau of the extent and rate of the
rmlsation is obtained. The interesting
fact is made known by this process that
the fall of the pulse sometimes takes
place ia successive horizontal lines, the
colnmn rcascenuing iwo or iureo umco
before falling altogether.
Forty eight thousand Hies weigh
LITERATURE, AND THE BEST INTERESTS OF ORECON.
An Indian Jujrffler.
perfornfTyany surprising tricks, but an
Indian jugVler" is their superior, so, at
least, the, iVorvg. narrative .from an
English egO would seem' to indi
cate: - vw,.-i
.Wil-iii-iir entered the room he spread
a white cloi;i upon the floor and sat
down upon' it with his back to the wall
the door of the room being on his right
nana, v -r v , - i
ills spectators were, disposed in the
following fashion: Mr.lSmyth at on
a chair nearly m the . middle of the
rom, I was sitting on at sofa near the
r.1 arsee merchant stood in the
" ivrm's .length from me.
itmJif in groups, the
f.Tr.- -sit0' jottfBen the door
ana tne conjurer;
-as soon as lie bad settled himself he
turned to tne 1'arsee and asked for the
loan oi a rupee. Tho peddler at first
demurred a little, but, on being guar-
.uuteeu HgainsG loss, lie produced the
coin, ne was going to put it into the
conjurer's hand, but the latter refused
ana toja tne Juarsee to hand it to Mr,
omyius oearer. ,Tiie bearer took it,
and, at the request of the conjurer,
looked at it, ar.d declared it to be really
aaui'ccr aiio conjurer tben told mm
to liana it to his master.
li'?Ic-B,mfth tok it, and then followed
mis uiaiogue: . -
Conjurer Aro you sure that
Binyth Yes. - .
Conjurer Close yonr hand on it and
IlrtT.l it- (,'la V il . ,
u,ugm. iiow, inmK ot some
country in Europe, but do not tell me
your thought, then the- conjurer ran
over me names of several countries,
such as France. Germany, Hussia, Tur-
Key, ana America for the native of
India is under the imnression tlmr
America is in Europe.
After a moment's pause Mr. Smyth
said he. had thought of a countrv.
Then open your hand," said the
juggler; "see what you have sot. and
tell me if it is a coin of the conntrv
you thought of." .
It was a 5-franc uiece. and TW.
Smyth had thought of France.
lie was going to hand the coin to the
conjurer, but the latter said, "No, miss
it to the other sahib." Mr. Smyth ac
cordingly put the 5-franc piece into my
xiauu; a looseu cioseiy at it, then shut
my hand and thought of ltussia, When
I opened it I found, not a Russian but
a Turkish silver piece about the size of
the- o franc, or of our own crown
I his I handed to Mr. Smvth. and
suggested that he should name Amer
ica, which ho did, and foand a Mexi
can dollar in his haad. ' ' '
The coin, whatever it was. had nnvor
been in the conjurer's hand from the
time the rupee was borrowed from the
1'arbee mercuant. Mr. Smvth and his
bearer hml both of them closely exam
ined the rupee, and Air. Smvth and I
turned over several times tne 5-i'rauo
piece, tne lurkish coin and the dollar;
so the Ijick did not depend on a reversi
Indeed, it could not, for the coin un
derwent three changes, as has been
aeen. I need only add, for the infor
mation of those readers who know not
India, that a rupee is only about the
size of a ilonn. and therefore about
half the weight of a 5-franc piece.
The Shakers In England.
With the Lazaretti tragedy, in Italy,
must be coupled the failure of another
sohume of religious enthusiasts. The
community of Shakers first established
in Eanoa'shire, England, in 1747, after
wards emigrated to America, aud the
5,000 of them that are now in this coun
try were for many years the only
Shaker organizations in the world. A
few years ago, however, Mrs. Mary Ann
(jrirlmg attempted to found a society m
Hampshire, England. In an open field
tuey. lived in tents about lour years.
Airs. Girling being the chief autuority
in all tilings. Every person joining the
community was required to surrender
to her all that they possessed except
the clothing on their bodies, witnout
expecting any article ever to be re
turned. She was sole authority in faith
and doctrine, her teach in t: "beincrin
strict harmony with the Apostolical
order and Gospels of Christ." Mar
riage was forbidden, as was also inti
macy between man -and woman, and
those possessing children were not al
lowed to interfere in the management
of them. On Saturday, August 20th,
the whole community was ejected from
the field where tuey . had ' held their
camp for nearly four years. They
passed several days, and nig tits in the
open air without shelter from the rain,
and at times were without food and de
pendent wholly on charity. Last April
they contracted a uent oi jto, which
was increased to 15 by costs in a suit
against them, i? allure to pay the land
lord and the court caused the eject
ment. After the ejectment they
were offered two places, but both
were owned br publicans whose inns
were near by, ana the Shakers declined
to accept them. Their beds have sever
al times been completely saturated by
the rain, and charges have now been
brought rgainst them for obstructing
thA niurhwav. At seems to ue me
oidnion in England that an end has
thus been put to tne attempt w re
establish a community of Shakers La
The Giffard balloon is proving a
nrnfitfthlft simulation in l'aris. It m
volves a large outlay, out, wu buwdu.
r rnanv as seventeen ascents are made
The receipts have reaoheiia total of
8,000. . A charge of 20 francs is made
to each person for the ascent. One day
Mile. Sarah Bernhardt went up m
small baloon, and after a journey 1 of
a Wont an- hour and a half she landed
near Ferrieres, the spot on wlu.ch was
wrecked the famous balloon captured
by Prince Bismarck. ""' , ;
A lighthouse A slim audience.
NOVEMBER 7, 1S78.
( ; ; Out of Employmen t.
It may ho an ugly utterance, but we
Jcnow ii is a very truthful one. that
Lmany people nowadays make money
the s,andard of respectability. Blue
blo d may course proudly through a
mat. s veins, but it counts for very lit-
tie unless he carries a heavy purse. A
woman may be as fair as a flower in the
fullness of bloom, and as pure in heart
as the driven snow, but there are men
who forget to raise their hats when she
passes along, if she owns no houses and
lands to enhance her value in their es
' Gold is a great power in the world
we freely concede that we know that
its plentiful possession brings us very
near, tho stars of heaven, while the
want of it leaves us down upon the dust
of .earth. But it will never dy to judge
a man by what he may carry in his vest
pocket or deposit in the bank safe.
There is such a narrow line between
wealth and want, between plenty and
poverty. Some who walked proudly
over palace floors last year may now be
glad to find a home in a hovel, so un
certain is fortune in dispensing her
blessing. She does not always leave a
cornucopia of fruit and flowers at our
feet, as we wish, but drops her favors
where she chooses. And, as a general
thing, she chooses about right, and ho or
she who proves most deserving, is
graced with her generous gifts.
We are not to sit with clasped hands
and wait for her fruits to be poured in
our laps we are to maxch alone- with
calmness and courage, with uolifted
heads, and act according to our ideas of
right and duty, with no faintiner of
hearts and wailing of voice.
And with this prelude we pass on to
what we would like to say about the
Bubjeet before us.
In this beautiful, sunlit land to-dav
tnero jre myriads of men who are out
of employment thrown unon the
world to fiud a living with wives and
children looking to them for comfort
and support. "Out of work !" It is
only a trio of words to write with no
especial meaning for tho gav and care
less reader but burdened with a
weight of woe for hearts that have felt
their full significance. It matters not
how a man has loataeood situation
whether from a mere feeling of pique,
wish for revenge, hope of a higher sala
ry, or from an employer s failure he
should never sit down and wail his sad
condition. It will not help him to erain
livelihood. He must begin at once to
set about his work. There must be no
idle waiting and watching for a favora
ble turn of fortune's wheel. The little
he has in store now will Boon be con
sumed : .the woodpile will .gradually
grow less every day ; theflour-barrel
will ere long be empty ; and his family
will find themselves npon " short ra
tions before they know it.
The little bills begin to come in about
this time thick as " leaves in Vallani-
brosa." The butcher, who once smiled
so blandly when you ordered a beef
steak, for breakfast, or the lamb for
dinner, begins to wear a sour look. The
smart-colored grocery wagon begins to
pass by your gate without leaving its
eustoaiarv comforts or delicacies. It
seems hard to bear, no doubt, to sit
down to a frugal meal, after a taste of
better things, lou will have many tri
als harder Btill. You will be obliged to
walk when other men ride ; you will Bee
your wife wear faded dresses when oth
er men s wives wear the finest fruits of
the loom. You will " economize over a
dollar when another man freely spends
hundred dollars ; you will be obliged
to deny your dear little daughter a doll,
and your neighbor's child may have all
she wants in the world.
If you occupy a costly house you
must give it up before the rent bill
hangs like a sword above your head.
Your friends will all be more proudly
lodged, but if their love is true they
will ring the door-bell at your humble
home as often as they did that of your
more pretentious dwelling. You will
thereby be able to distinguish your real
friends to know the sincere hearts
rom the butterflies of summer-time.
You will find that it was an affectionate
feeling for your generous wines and
well-spread tables that prompted many
a hand-shake and honey-word.
After all you need not linger forever
in the valley ; you may rise to the pleas
ant hill-side again. Only work with
heart, and take up whatever your hands
find to do that is honest. The first
bread you are able to pay for again by
your own efforts will taste far sweeter
than any you, ever broke in brighter
days. All vour comforts will be more
prized, ana your me win oe morepn
of joy and gladness. The sunshine,
when it comes, will seem more lovely,
and tha day appear brighter lor the
darkness that went before it.
Edison's Penmanship. Prof. Edi-
' t TT . 1 A "XT r-. t- . . w
son, wnne in Virginia Kjiiy, iiby., Dip
ped into a telegraph omce, ana a local
nan describes uim as me worm,
dressed man in the room by aU odds
An old black hat, a cheap shirt wicu tne
stud-holes in 'the bosom unoccupied,
two-bit necktie several niontnu old,
coarse pants and vest, and a mouse-colored
linen duster completed his attire.
One of the office-boys asked him to put
his name in an autograph album. He
wrote a line that looked like print and
fixed his name at the bottom. Every
body admired the inaryelous" penman
ship, which was emphatically a new
style. The letters were akwardly made,
taken singly, but when grouped in a
line all looked exactly alike, as if en
graved on copper plate. ' You could nt
take thirty words a minute and print
like that, said one. ' I can take forty,'
was the reply. The fastest operator
present took one end of the wive, and
Ediscn, sitting, at the receiver, picked
ud a sheet cf paper and said : Lt
the mesBaee come.' He sat there three
minutes and took 130 words with appa
rent ease, doing better' than he had
promised. The dispatch was written in
the faultless hand that graced the auto
graph album.' ,
Unwritten War History.
In the dark and uncertain days pre
ceding the outbreak of the Rebellion,
there was much doubt in the mind of
Mr. Linooln regarding the disposition
of the people north of the recognized
dividing line - between freedom and
slavery to sustain aggressive measures
for the preservation of the Union.
State after State had seceded, and no
demonstration had been made at the
North to counteract the force of such
movements at the South. On the con
trary, there were public men who open
ly advocated a division of the Union
into sue a parts as would suitgeograph
ical lines aud their own interests an:
ambition. Notably, Mr. Hendricks
lavored the Northwestern Confederacy
some iew lorkers saw in the confusion
of the times un opportunity to make
their city the Venice of America: and
some Caiifornians thought a Republic
on the Pacific with San Francisco for
its commercial and noli'tinal nni
tal, would develop into might v nro
portions before the end of the century
Aiorauo tjrroeiy nad advocated iu the
Jribune peaceable separation, and hold
jy pi-ooiaimeu.- "Ajet the erring sisters
go in peace. The Indianapolis Jour
nai in tue west, inspired by an ambi
.... .t-. . . . . .
tion to "take a position." occupied the
same ground. The Norl.hernStates
sent Peace Commissioners to Washing
ton to piead witu tne outh for a peace
able solution of the difficulties and i
hiaintenace of the Union. TIia Hn.
eminent under Mr. Buchanau did noth
ing to repress the military preparations
niamng in the 3uth, and when Mr.
T,a-isa,vlri iif.. A 1
a luauguratea mere were
nine fctates defying his authority, and
ready for war. His Administration
had a most formidable opposition in
the two remaining States tnat seceded,
and in tnose also that attempted to do
so. Ills support at the North, in the
event of war, he regarded as uncertain,
ouaiuur ufjoeareu. inevitable.
In this condition of affairs. Commis
sioners appointed by Gov. Pickins of
bouth Carolina, appeared on the scene,
aud through Judge Campbell, then late
of the Supreme Court, who had r;.
ed on the secession of Louisiana com
menued a negotiation lor the surrender
.. i . . . . '
to that ctate of the Government forts
and property within its limits. Tha
Oummissioners were also aided by Dr
Todd, of Kentucky, a brother of Mra
Lincoln, who was in harmony with the
views and actions of the South . Caro
linians. He was a temporary habitant
at the White House, and acquired in
formation lit a pnvate way that no one
.ii i -.t... i . ... . .
tuuiu nave uuiuiueu iu un onicial ra
pacity, and which was made use of as
uuie una circumstances required. The
negotiations of South Carolina with
the Government fuiled.-not because of
au indisposition to entertain the pro
position submitted, but on account of
the precipitate action of South Caro
lina troops in bombarding Fort Sumter.
This made a peaceable dissolmiim f
the Union a matter of impossibilitv
aud war an inevitable necesaitv.
While these negotiations were pend
ing, however, a proclamation had bees
prepaied recognizing the fact of the
secession of certain States, aud virtual
ly acknowledging their independence,
surrendering to them stated powers of
the General Government over proper
ty and places within their limits, and
guaranteeing them peaceable posses
sion of the same on conditions specifi
ed. This proclamation had the sanc
tion of Mr. Wade, of Ohio, and was in
accordance with Mr. Greely's frequent
ly expressed views. With the aopear-
auce of the proclamation was to be an
editorial in the Washington aud New
York papers sustaining the action of
the Administration. This was also
prepared and held ready for use when
the occassion demanded it. But the
action at Fort Sumter changed all this,
and a proclamation was issued instead
for 75,000 men for three months to
suppress the rebellion; and war was
thus accepted by an unwilling Gov
ernment and people.
The proclamation calling for troops is
matter of history; that previously
prepared looking to peace is not, and
its existence must be proved from oth
er sources than official records. The
evidence on which it rests ia the foil w-
ing statement: Mr. A. T. Cavis, a pr of
readexat the Government printing-office
is a gentleman of intelligence and cul
ture, ud of undoubted veracity. He is a
Dut.ive of Pennsylvania, but went to
South Carolina in 1817 and remained
until af tt-r the w ar. Previous to and
during the War he was editor of the
South. Carolina Guardian, published, at
Columbia. Hie position gave him ac
quaintance and association with the
State authorities, and he speaks from
personal knowledge regarding the mat
ters herein stated. -
The proclamation looking to a peace
able separation of the' States was ob
tained by Dr. Todd while at the White
House, and by him given to Gov. Pick
ens, it is not Known now he came in
possession of it, and it is not necessary
to inquire into that now. But that he
had the original draft of the proclama
tion, that it and the editorial designed
to accompany , its publication - were
written on official paper bearing the
impress "Executive Mansion," is un
doubtedly true. The proclamation and
editorial were shown by Gov Pic ken
to Mr. Cavis, and by the fitter pubc
lished in his paper, the Sotah Carolina
Guardian. In the burning of Colom
bia by Sherman s troops the oHice and
files of the Guardian, were destroyed
and there is no copy of the paper ex
tant containing these documents. He
original papers, however, are in the
possession of Mrs. Pickens, at Edge
field, S. C; who has carefully preserv
ed all the books and manuscript col
lected by her late husband. ,'
This important and interesting fact in
the unwritten history of Rebellion
shows how difficult it was "ta read the
signs of the timesanJ subsequent
events proved that ie people knew more
than their ruler assumed lea lers.
Washinjton L-.-fir NeW orlt Sua.
at the Exposi-
In admiring the wonderful collection
of opals that Mr. Goldschmidt, proprie
tor of the famous mines at Dubuik, ex
poses in the Hungarian section, we
can hardly believe that these - stones
once served as playthings for the chil
dren of the uncivilized inhabitants of
the Carpathian mountains. There is
nothing more alluring than this stone,
which resembles a crystallized rainbow.
It is said that the cpal fades with time,
if it has remained too long buried in
the earth. It changes six months after
its extraction; but, if at the expiration
oi that time it does not lose its brillian
cy , then it will never change. It is
well known that the English aristocra
cy go wild over opals, and her' majesty
Queen Victoria possesses a splendid,
collection. I believe it is her favorite
jewel. In France, lately, it has fallen
a victim to an unjust prejudice, and
t he ex-E m press En gene "( superstitious
as the rest of Spaniards) looks npon it
with no enviable eye. Besides the
Q ueen of England having a love for
this calmniated stone, the court of
Austria and Germany adore it. Super
stition line that should not be encour
aged in this enlightened age of ours;
and it is ridiculous that for a foolish
notion this beautiful stone should be
banished from the female parnre, one
of its handsomest ornaments. We like
better the superstition tof the ancient
Romans, ' who thought that the opal
was the stone of love, and lost its color
when the woman who wore it was un
faithful. En somne, this stone with its
tricolor reflection, seems to be thetrue
stone for the republic. Philadelphia
Sag-acity of Animals Overrated.
It is next to impossible to shake the
public faith in the value of the obser
vations of the lower creation. We know
by experience that our barn-door fowls
will with infinite composure retire to
rest at ten o'clock in the morning in
case of an eclipse, yet that knowledge
does not prevent the pnblio from as
suming the possession by birds of mys
terious sources of information on the
subject of the weather which are sealed
to us. Dogs are supposed to have same
intuition which warns them of approach
ing death, and many a heart has been
tortured by accepting as a forewarning
of dissolution a dog's complaint against
the moon for unreasonable brightness.
The fact is that animals in general are
far less wise than we think, even ia the
matters that come directly under their
ken. Observations of phenomona on
the part of a man who, by noticing the
influence of changing condition upon
various objects, animate and inanimate,
becomes weather-wise, are far more
trustworthy than that kind of feeling.
which, like pain in an old wound,
warns birds or animals of the approach
of wet. Altogether curious it is, in
deed, to see how far animals are from -possessing
the kind of knowledge we
are most ready to assign them, that of
things they may eat with impunity.
Quite recently Lord Lovelace under
went a serious loss in consequence of a
herd of cows eating some ewe-clippings
indiscreetly placed within their reach.
Cattle continually mistake the kind of
food that will suit them, especially
when they are strange to the district in
which it grows. After a time they find
its noxious qualities, and are, it ap
pears, able-to transmit the knowledge
to their descendants. v
To dream of having a great number
I servants is madness.
.To dream of a bear foretokens mis
chief, which yonr vision shows yon is a
When a fashionable young lady
dreams of a ftlbert, it is a sign that her
thoughts are rnnmng npon a colonel.
To dream that yonr nose is red at
the tip is an intimation that you had
better leave off brandy and water.
To dream of a mill -stone about soar
neck, is a sign of what you may expect
if you marry an extravagant wife. '
If you dream of clothes, it is a warn
ing not to go to law ; for, by the rule
of contraries, you will be sure of a non
suit. - " -
To dream of a fire is a sign that if
you are wise you will' see tht all the
lights in your ' house are one ueiora
you go to bed.
It is very lucky to dream that you
pay for a thing twice over; since, after
ward you. will probably take care to
have all your bills receipted.
For a person in unembarassed ; cir- .
cumstances to dream that he is arrested
is very fortunate; far it is a warning to
him on no account to accept a bill. ;
There is no harm in being fashion'
able, if you are fashionable within the
bounds of reason kand the eapacitybf
your purse. The ccprioes of fashion
furnish - industries through ; which
myriads earn their daily bread. What
would become of the whole dry-gooda
trade but for fashions? What of the
dress-makers, the milliners, the lace
makers? etc., etc. In Brussels alone
over 3,000 women are employed in the
manufacture of lace; the woman who
buys real lace contributes to the flpiH
pott .-ci l.-Los woraers;bntif
she thereby add to the burden of her
support resting npon husband or father,
how dearly does she par for her lux
ury. Women of wealth, besides the
privilege of encouraging worthy indus
tries, have the opportunity to add in
finitely to the attractions of home in
numerous ornaments wbioh require ex
ceptional taste and skill.
Norristown Herald: "A snake was
recently caught in a Welsh church by
'charming him from his retreat by the
muaio of a harmonium. A snake ia pro
bably the only living creature that caa
be charmed' by a harmonium.- And
no doubt the reptile preferred to come
out and die than to listen any longer to
its strains, z.