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DEVOTED TO NEWS, LITERATURE, AND THE BEST INTERESTS OF OREGON.
YOL. XII. OREGON CITY, OREGON, THURSDAY. JULY 25, 1S78. NO. 40.
A LOCAL NEWSPAPER
t'urnifr, Hutlnru 9Iitn and Fnmily Circle
ISSUED. EVERY THURSDAY.
PROPRIETOR AND PUBLISHER.
Official Paper for Clackamas County.
Office: In Kuierprise Ituilillugr,
One door South of Masonic Building, Main Street.
TrruM of Subwrlptlon :
Single Copy, cue year, in advance $2 50 !
Biiitfle Copy. six mouths, iu advance 1 50
t, .Trrma of AdtrriUing '
Transient au vertisements, im:lu..iut; Bui legal
notices, per square, of twelve lints, one
week $ 1 50 j
For each subsequent insertion 1 00
Oue Column, one year 120 00
Half Column, one year... 00 00
Quarter Column, one year 40 00
Bubineni Caid, one square, one year 12 U0
OREGON LODGE, No. 3, I. O. O. F.
Meets everv Thursdav tveiiiue. at
7 o'clock, in Odd bellows' Hall.V fSf '
are invited to attend.
By order of
REBECCA DEGREE LODGE, Nof 2,
i. j. j. r., meets on tne Second and t
Fourth Tueidy Evenings of each month, f T.
at fJt o'clock, iuthe Odd Fellows' Hall.,1
Members of the Decree are lnvit.l t,.
FALLS ENCAMPMENT, No. 4,
I. O. O. x ., meet at Odd Fellows" Hall on
the First and Tim Tuesday of i-ach munth.
Patriarchs in goou standing are invited tu
MULTNOMAH LODGE, No. 1,
a. ju noius its reaular communi
cations on tne xirt.t and TliTd Saturdays fj
of September to the 2otti of Mhp. Ii . n.l tT
H o'clock from the 2l'th of March to the '
. suiu oi oepiemoer. uretnren in ood etandin are
invitea to attena. By order of W. M.
WARREN N. DAVIS, M. D.,
sician and Siiroon,
Graduate of the University of Pennsylvania.
Office at Cliff House.
lMiysit'iuu and lriijis4
BPrescriptionB carefully filled at short notice.
DR. JOHN WELCH,
OFFICE IX OREGON CITY OREGON.
Highest cash price paid for County Orders.
E. L. EASTHAM,
4 4. "r a rwi w a
OREGON CITY, OREGON.
Special attention civen to business in the V. S.
Office in Myer's Brick.
JOHNSON & McCOWN,
ATTORNEYS aud COUNSELORS AT LAW
OREGON CICY, OREGON.
Will practice in all the Courts of the State.
Special attention given to cases in the United
States Land Ottice at Oreyon City. 5apr 72-tf
BLANKS OF EVERY DESCRIPTION FOR
Sale at tuisoftice. Justices of the Pveace can
get anytuing in thtir line.
j. p. WABD,
GEOBOE A. HAKDISG.
WARD &. HARDING,
Drills ai ApllifiGariss
T.rEEP CONSTANTLY ON HAND A GENERAL
LV. assortment of
lrugH aiad Clieinf caK,
Cuiiim and lirunhea.
hhouldrr Krjacea 'Mf.v mill
Ktronene Oil. Lamp ('hlniif.o,
Ula, fult.T, 1'aiiiiH. !
Varuinhn laud Jjr Siuil'.
PURE WINES AND LIQUORS FOR
PATENT MEDICINES. ETC, ETC
ft. Physicians' Prescriptions carefully c
pouuded, and all orders correctly answtred.
BSk. Open at all hours of the night
All accounts must be paid monthly.
nuvl,l75tf WARD & HARDING.
W. H. HICHFIELD,
KHtivhllHhod since !,
One door North of Pope's Hall,
MA I Si NT.. OKKUOX CITY, Oltt'.CiSOX.
An assortment of Wuti-hpn Jtvct-1rv ml
Seta Thomas" Weight Clocks, all of w hich )fJ7
are warranted to be as represented.
Repairing done on short notice; andthauAui i
lor pmni patronage.
I'Httti 1'niti lor County Orders.
JOHN M. BACON,
PICTCRE FRAMES. MOULDINGS AND MISCEL
FRAMES JHI1K TO ORDER,
Oregon Citt, Oregon.
K7At the Post Office, Main Street, west side.
A. C. WALLINC'S
JPioiieer Book Bindery
Pittock's Building, cor. of Stark and Front Sts.,
l'OKTLAXI), OK EG OX.
TLANK BOOKS RULED AND BOUND TO ANY
J3 desired pattern. Music Bo ks. Magazines,
Newspapers, etc., bound in every variety of style
known to the trade. Orders from the country
promDtlv attended to. novl, 10-tf
OREGON CITY BREWERY.
IIUM1IEL. te MADDER,
Having purchased the above Brewery,(
wunes to inform the public that tney ares jsfeg
w prepared xo manufacture a no. ii
OF LAGER BEER.
Aa good aa can be obtained anywhe the State.
vruara solicited aad promptly fllie
Beautiful faces are those that wear
It matters little if dark or fair-Whole-souled
honesty printed there.
Beautiful eyes are those that show.
Like i r stal panes where hearth-fires glow,
Beautiful thoughts that hum In-low.
Beautiful lips are those whose words
Leap from the heart like songs of birds.
Yet whose utterauce prudence girds.
Beautiful hands are those that do
Work that is earnest and brave and true,
Moment by moment the lung diy through.
Beautiful feet are those that go
On kindly ministries to and fro
Down lowliest ways, if God willj it so.
Beautiful shoulders are those that bear
Ceasiless burdens of homely care
With patient grace and daily prayer.
Beautiful lives are those that bless
Silent rivers-of happiness,
Whose hidden fountaius bat few may guess.
Littel'a Living Age
"Over the Wires."
IIOYV THE BURGLARS WERE CAUGHT.
First, I must tell you who I am, and
how. I came to lie in the Buvsville B.ink
in the "wee sma' hours" one dreary De
cember night, some three years ago.
.My nnme wa then Olive Hudson, and
I was seventeen years old that same De
cember night, and so small that Mrs.
Knight's D lly, who was not twelve years
old, was half a head taller than myself.
We were rich folks ouce, but father
lied and left us very poor. Mother
struggled along in a weary hand-to-hand
with poverty till I was sixteen, and then
iiicti. one naa rented two rooms or irs.
Knight, widow, also, with two stalwart
sons, an aged lather, ana two daughters.
After motner died I was adopted by (he
Knights, and although I was earning
upport as music teacher iu the Bavsvilfe
Academy, I was like tine of the family
when I was in my good landlady s home.
They were all in good positions, but
by no means an tuistoc-ratic family.
John, the eldest son, was in New York iu
a wholesale sugar house; Tom wa the
niht watchmnn of the B:ivsville Bank
building, and grandpa we all call him
;randpa was telegraph operator ot the
town, while Mary was a milliner, and
Doliy stayed at the mce, sending and re
Baysville Bank building was a large
granite structure, containing the post
office and bank on the first fl lor, the tele
graph t fftVe and a number of private law
Hices on the second lloor, and other pri
vate offices on the thud floor. In the
basement were postorlice rooms for sort
ing the mail, and also the large bauk
1 knew the bunding well, lor I was
fond of telegraphing, and spent Tialf my
leiure time peiched up beside grandpa,
while he slept peacelully or read the
And that was the beginning ot my
amusement at Drvdeti, the next station
Phe operator at Drydcii was a wit, and
flashed nonsense to our office when busi
ness was dull. It fell flat when gnuidpa
was iu the office, but it I were there I
tnt back jest fur jest, and sometimes an
hour tlippcM by iike a minute us we
talked ovi r the 'vin s or every topic
under the sua. He called himself
Lion." and I, for nonsense, signed my-
elf 'Eici lidiit," IhUgiiing as I did s a'
the n ilcctioii cl mv tiny lingers in the
Beyond Dryden. and only five mih s
trom Btysviile, wae u , a iarye com
mercial town.tho nearest railway station,
ud where an office was always open for
the accommodation of travellers
have said, Tom Knight was the
watchman of Bavsville Bank build-"
ni"ht watchman oi iav
ing, and a lonely time he had of it. The
last mail cnine by stage at four o'cicck in
the afternoon, and the postofli:e was va
cated at six. The bank closed at three,
and bv six o'clock every office was de-
serted for the night.
At seven Tom was on duty, and grand
pa, who was restless at mgut, wan iu me
habit of taking down some coffee and
luncheon, as the bunding wa only a
stone's throw from the hoiisc.
Ou the December night I have already
mentioned, it had stormed heavily all
,lxr nnd T had taken a new : ass at the
-u.iom i- r..,m'.nr iiome later in tne uav
. . . .. .IT V..K.l l.nL-
H.n n-nal. nnd Meited over in v increase
Knight. liltinr her face horn over the
tire, said :
"Do call grandpa, Olive: lies asleep
on the sofa iu the sitting-room. 1 11 have
Tom's basket ready by the time grandpa
has his hat and coat on. 1 hate to call
him, for he was complaining of rheuma
ti-m all day, and the ground is very wet,
although the storm is over.
"Let him sleep," I said; "1 il run over
with tho basket. It is but a step.7'
"Bat it is so dark ; are you not afraid ?"
"Xot a bit; I'll slip on my waterproof
and rubbers and draw the hood ot my
cloak over mv head."
"Well, if you will, though 1 am arraia
Tom will scold at mv letting you go.
"I'll nut the basket and run. au.1 he
will never know who left it."
"Go into the rear basement door; he
leaves that open for grandpa."
I grasped the handle of the basket, and
hurried across the space between in
building and the house, aud stole softly
in at the basement door, iu pursuance of
my plan to drop the basket and run.
In my rubber s. oes my steps were
noiseless, and I h id scarcely passed the
threshold when I stood rooted to the
floor in terrible amazement.
Somebody was talking.
1 crept forward and listened. There
was a man in the vault, and a light shone
under the door.
While I listened, some one said:
"There is a confounded draft here; did
in nnliirv. I
Everybody else had gone to bed, aud I tall, broad shouldered, and loud-voiced,
was lingeiin'g over the kitchen fire with a perfect Elephant."
Mrs. Knight, dreading the plunge into "W as it really yourself, Elephant!
my cold room, where I had allowed the "Dear Lion, it was.
H-i rm, out "I)( 3ou know. I want to see you. I
are to go out. , ,
Th Hock stru-k twelve, and Mrs. am going to ISew ork to day, but 1 11 be
you shut the door Smith?"
ie-, but the wind might have blown
I had just to dart under the staircase
and crouch down, w hen the d-or of the.
vault opened and a man came out.
He crossed the entry, drew two heavy.
noisy bolts, fastened the door by which I
had entered, and returned without closing
the vault door.
I could look in by thT dim light and
see two meu working at the sufe locks by
the stream of light thrown from a dark
There was the outline of a man bound
and gagged upon the floor, but 1 could
only coi. lecture that it was Tom, for I
could not see distinctly.
There I was nicely caged, for it would
be impossible for uie to draw those heavy
bolts without attracting notice. And the
batik being robbed, that was evident.
jlovv could I prevent it? I could not get
out; I could not reach Tom. Suddenly
X remembered the telegraph office on the
second floor. It I could summon help
from C , it was only five miles, aud
there was a long jb for the burglars be
fore they could open the safe.
I could creep around the staircase! It
one of those busy meu turned his head I
was lost. I softly crept out on all tours,
slowly, watchfully, and gained the stairs.
bp I darted blessing my Indian rubber
shoes, till I gained the door of the tele
graph office. All was dark there and I
dare not strike a match.
I listened, and then leaving the door
open, groped my way to the well-known
desk and gave the signal for (J I
could hear my heart throb as I waited for
the answer. It came! Still working in
the dark, and sent this message:
"Burglars in he B tysville Bank vault I
Watchman gagged and bound I Can you
Again the agony of suspense in listen
ing, but at last the sound reached me:
"Will send help immediately."
I crept to the head of the staircase,
afraid the clear ring of the instrument
had been heard in the vault, but no one
came up stairs. the windows ot the
telegraph olh -.e meed the street, so I re
turned, bolted myself in safely and sat
down to watch.
The town ciock gave one resonant
stroke, breaking the deep silence, and uo
signs of life were visible in tho long
stretch of road leading to C . I was
numb with cold, wishing heartily that I
had not left Tom's basket under the
staircase, thinking regretfully of my owu
cozy bed, when 1 heard afar off the sound
of horses feet.
No sister Anne, in Bluebeard's tower,
was ever more watcuiui man i was
then. Would the burglars take the
The building made a corner of two
streets, and I saw eight mounted meu
dash u ii the road, separate, aad while
four dismounted in front, four went to
The burglars were unprepared for this
flank movement, for while the police in
front were thuudering at the main eu
trance, the robbers rushed to the rear
basement door right into the arms of the
police stationed there.
I could hear the hubbub, pistol shots
fired, the scuffle of feet, cries, oaths, and
general confusion; and 1 supped down
stairs and out ot the now deserted main
entrance and ran home.
Everybody was in bed, and I went to
my room and hail a g;ioa crying speii,
and c intoited my bait tiozcu body in
double blankets, w here I soon fell asleep
AU this was on Iriday night, and 1
had no teaching to do until Monday, so I
slept late, but coming down, I lound all
the family prepared to make a heroine of
I never knew until mother tola me
this morning," said Tom, "that it wasn't
grandpa who sent the telegraph to C
Uy Jove, Olive, you're spunky, if yo
"I gave up when four of them pounced
on me iroin oue oi uie upper rooms
They must have got in during the day
and hid there."
I tried to make the Knights promise
urt to tell my adventure, but could not
Before night all Bajsville knew how
Olive Hudson caught the burglars. I
wasiu the office with grandpa, w hen over
the wires came this message:
"What does Oiive Hudson lo k like?
Everybody in Dryden is talking of her
"What do you suppose such a woman
woiui 1UOK ii Kti one is uwMny sis. ictsi
back next spring
If he came to Baysville he did not tee
me. I ran away in a tit of shyness.
In March a wonderful thiug happened.
My mother's brother, who had been sev
enteen years nearly all my lifetime in
Cuba, came out to New York, found me
out, and took me into a life of ease and
luxury, making me pet iu his splendid
house. lie was a bachelor, over fifty
years of age, handsome and well in
formed, and with large wealth.
He introduced me to old fiiends of his.
and my circle of nquaintance wideued
every day. I was entirely happy for we
loved each other well
One day Uucle George brought home
to dinner a stranger, who he introduced
"The son of my old friend, Olive, Mr
I made myself agreeable, as in duty
bound, to Mr. Robetts, a man of th'uty
or thereabouts, with a face that was
dowuright ugiy, but pleasant irom the
expression of frank good humor and iu-
tellio-enco upon it. We talKea or every
thiDg, and I was surprised at the cmi
trenislitv of taste we soon discovered. In
an animated discussion of heroines, Mr
Roberts, turning to Uncle George said:
"You were kindly inquiring this morn
ing about my fortune since father died,
but I did not tell you one little episode.
Before I was fortunate enough to obtain
my present lucrative situation, I was for
a time telegraph operator in a small
place called Dryden, and then I hevd of
a real heroine, of whom the world will
probably never hear."
I knew what was coming, but kept
my face perfectly composed to list -n.
When the story was finished, giving Un
cle George a sly pinch to keep him quiet,
"What kind of a looking person was
the wonderful heroine?"
'I never saw her, for although Bays-
ville was the next village to Dryden, I
never went there. But she was described
to me a- tall, strong and masculine."
"In short, my dear Lion, I said grave
ly, "she was a perfect Elephant."
Such a stare as greeted me I am certain
never came upon Leo. 14 berts' face be
fore or since that hour. His eyes dilated
till I thought they would pop out of bis
dear, ugly face, and his m.uth opened in
utter amazement. Finally he remem
bered his manners and gasped:
"I'ardon me, I was it really you? '
"Uncle George," I said, "will yoa be
kind enough to introduce me properly to
Mr. U joerts! I believe he thinks your
niece must bear your name."
With a flourish Uncle George arose and
Mr. Ljo. Robert?, Miss Olive Hudson;
Miss Hudson, Mr. R berts."
'"After that we could not certainly be
strangers, and Mr. Roberts came often to
dine with Uncle George.
Aud oue day there was a wedding,
where the bride was very small, buried
in lace aud orange blossoms, and the
bridegroom was ugly aud good natured:
but it was a true love match, a ht euding
for the flirtation commei.ced at Dryden
and Baysville, "Orer the Wires."
Excavations at Olympia.
Owing to its being breached, and the
soil connected with it being broken up.
the Byzmtine eastern wall has again
yielded a mass ot bronzes ot very early
date, votive figures of animals, weights
with the name of Zenus, weapons, tools,
and vessels adorned with zUz ig lines
aud concentric cinJles. The same primi
tive style of ornament is exhibited bv a
silver "phiale" with two handle, found
in this locality. More important is an
archaic bronzu figure of a womun, a span
high, who stands immovable as a pillar,
with closed feet; the left hand she holds
to her bosom, while in the right she
gathers iu front the folds of her robe. Ou
her head she wears a roll, which charac
terizes the figure as the supporting ele
meut of a vessel. With this may be
classed the central fragment of a female
figure of burnt and paiuted clay, which
leads one to suppose the existence of a
terra-cotta figure one metro high a great
rarity. It represents a woman stepping
forward, aud stiff aud archaic drapery,
with its embroidered border, divides
over the left leg and its red chiton.
Interesting inscriptions have been dis
entangled from the wall. Of these the
ouly remarkable for its length is a
psephism ot the Lleans, which covers
two sides of a pedestal. Tiberius Claud
ius Rufus of Smyrna, the Pancratiast,
contiuue-d the contest into the night,
till the stars shone out in the sky, and
hence the Eleans accord him their citi
zenship and a statue in Olympia. On
the third side of the pedestal follows a
vote of tho Smvrmotes, who eulogize
him, and bestow on him a like honor.
The games were celebrated in the first
half of July, at the tim'e of the full moon,
and therefore the stars could not have been
visible before ten o'clock. Other in
scriptions refer to victors, whom Pausa
nias mentions; for instance, Hellanicus.
He sprang from a family of athletes;
his lather. Alcssnetus ot L'Joreum, won
the prizj for boxing, first among the
boys and subsequently among the meu
his brother. Theautus. priz3 for boxiug
among the boys in the ninetieth Olym
piad. Hellanicus won the same prize in
lour hundred aud twenty-four.
Alons the whole of the southern side
of the Temple of Zeuus, at a distance of
twenty metres, runs a low wall, the des
tination of which has been made abund
antly clear by the deeper explorations on
the southwest. There stands, north ot
the wall, a whole row of pedestals; some
lie orostrate tin the south side, among
them a block of red marble, with an in
scription celebrating the victory of one
limolas, and a pedestal with a lovely
lifo-sizd foot of bronze; others are built
into the Bvzantine western wall, aud
every part is covered with, fragments ot
bronzes. This wall can be tracsd also
on the western side of the temple, and in
the east, where Callias, Eucles and tui
thvmus stand. Conseauentlv it seems
probable that a terrace cioned with
statues, behind which the ground sloped
away outward, surrounoed the whole
temple. On the south a road ran along.
In the southwest one sees how the drain
are pipes ana water couduits come to a
stop at the wall, and are broken off, to
continue on the iuither side ct it at a
lower level. One of these acqueducts
discharged into a large brown viscern.
which measures 1.30 metre in diameter
and seventy centimetres in height, and
stands near the wall. In this cistern were
found small vessels of bronze and several
of terra-cotta. -
Templks of the Ancients. In the
temples of the ancients, they often sus
pend a curtain before the statute of the
divinity, during the time when they
were not sacrificing. Iu the temple of
Jupiter, at Olympia, there was a curtain
of extreme value, beautifully woven with
wood, after the manner of the Assyrians,
and dyed with the Tyrian p-irple, which
was presented to the temple by Anti
ochus. When thev would discover the
sacred statue to the eyes of the adoring
crowds that assembled within the walls
of the temple, the curtain was lowered,
as in the temple of Jupitej, at Olympia,
or raised as in that of Diana, at Lphesus.
Stuart, in his Antiquities of Athens,
thinks that the ancient veil of the tem
ple was for the purpose of coveriug the
centre part of the hypsethros, which was
uuroofed. This sort of curtain differs
from the velarium of the R omans, that
was used in their theatres and amphitheatres.
r m TTAnT T A
Josh Billings on Birds.
The quail iz a game bird, about one
size bigger than the robin, aud so sudden
that they hum when theylly. They have
no song, bufr--whistle for music, the tune
is solitary and sad. They are shot on the
wing, and a man may be good in arith
metic, fustrate at parsing, and even be
able to preach acceptably, but if he ain't
stuiied quail on the wing he might as
well shoot at a streak of lightning in the
sky as at a quail on the go.
Briled quail, properly supported with
jelleys and a Champagne Charlie, iz just
the most difficult thing, in my humble
opinion, tow beat in the whole history ov
vittels and something to drink.
I am no gourmand, for I kan eat bread
.and milk tiy.e days out to seven, and
smack my lips after I git thru, but if
am asked to eat briled quail by a friend,
with j'ldishous accompany ment, I blush
at fust, then bow my head, and then
smilesweet acquiescence iu other words,
I always quail before such a request.
The partridge iz also a game bird
Their game is tew drum on a log in the
spring ov the year aud keep both eyes
wide open, watching the sportsman.
cartridges are shot on the wing, and are
az eay to miss az a ghost iz. It iz phun
enufftew see the old bird hide her voung
iod when danger iz near. This must
lie seen, it can't be described, and make
euny body believe it.
The ptrtridge, grouse and pheasant are
cousins, and either of them straddle a
gridiron natural enuff to have been born
there. Take a couple of young part
ridges and pot them down, and serve up
with a kind of chorus, and they beat the
ham sandwiches you buy on the Camden
and Amboy R ad 87J- per cent. I have
eat these lamentable New Jersey ham
sandwiches, and must say that I prefer a
couple of baswood chip, soaked in mus
tard water, and stuck together with
The goslin is the old goose's yung
child. They are yelicr all over, and az
soft as a ball uv worsted. Their foot iz
wove hole, and they kan swim az easy az
a drop of kastor-oil on the water. .The)
are born annually about the I5:h of May,
and never wuz kuown to die naturally.
If a man should tell me he saw a goose
lie a uatral death, I wouldn't believe
him under oath after that, not even if he
svorc he had lied about seeing a goose
The goose are different in one respect
from the human fmily, who are sed tew
grow weaker and wiser, whereas a goshu
grows tuffjr and more phoolish.
I hav seen a goose that they sed was 93
years old last J tine, aad dido t loot au
hour older than one that was ouly 17.
The goslin waddles when he walks and
paddles when he swims, but never dives
like a duck out ot fight in the water, but
only changes ends.
T.ho loud uv the goslin iz rye, corn
eats and barley, sweet apples, hasty pud
diug, succotash and biled cabbage, cooked
potatt zs, raw meat, wine, jelly and tur
nips, stale bread, kold hash and duck
wheat cakes that are left over.
They ain't so particular as somepholks
what they eat, won't git mad and quit if
they kant have wet toast aud lam chops
every morning for breaktast.
A Romantic Wedding Ceremony.
The steamship La Place yesterday
landed at Cistle Garden . Master Autoine
Lepporase, an Italian, aged 19, who could
not speak a wor J ot Luglish, aud Catha
t ine AUigou, aged 16, a French girl, who
could speak only 1 fetich atid Lnglish
During the voyage Liepporase lell vio
lentlv in love with Ctharin. out lie
could not make his passion kuown to her
except by his look?. He had plenty. of
money and she was poor, ami with mucii
art the Italian managed to let Catharine
know what a good speculation she would
make by receiving his advances. She re
sponded afterward. When the p
reached Castle Garden they made Known
to Interpreter MePherson their woes aud
wi.-hes. Linporase told MePherson that
if he was delayed another day iu his de
termination of marrving Catherine he
should go mad, insisted that tha cere
mony should be immediately performed,
aud demonstrated his financial ability t
care for a bride. Catharine being will
ing. the piir were taken before Rev. Mr
Berkmeyer, but he ret used to marry them
They were then taken before Justice
Murray. He consented to join them
Mr. MePherson acted as interpreter, and
Mr. Cnarles Washburn gave the bride
away, brie looked pretty, ana cried sut-
ficieutly to make herself very interesting
Tne ceremony was performed in the Jus
tice s private room, in the presence of
lare crowd. Nens York Times.
It costs something to be polite, that is
if clumsiness is unitoi with pilitene
From private sources it is learned that
the United Stttes steamer Essex was se
riously injured recently by the sidewheel
man-of-war Amazon, of Doin Pedro
navy, while attempting to exchange nava
courtesies at the port of Montevideo.
appears mat tne lirazuiau ingate wa3
about to proceed homeward, and in leav
ing the harbor the Admiral determined to
take leave of the Essex in a royal manner
ine omcers ana men unea the upper
aecKs, tue Dana playea the btar Spangled
ijanner, and the Jirazuian crew cheere
the ship. In -attempting to come as close
as possible to the American vessel
did not allow tor the stronrr wind and
tide, and came down on the Essex with a
shock that jarred her from stem to stem,
carrying away the jibbomu and the fore-topgallant-mast.
The Amazon lost her
small boats and had her paddle-box torn
all to pieces by the cat-head of the Essex.
The greatest excitement prevailed at the
time, but fortunately no lives were lost.
The damage done to the Essex will prob
ably cost D in Pedro about $1,500. De
troit Jtrree Press.
Kindness is stowed away ia tho heart
like rose-leaves in a drawer, to sweeten
every object around.
White and Yellow Corn.
Mr. J. Averill, of Paw-Paw, Mich.,
asks: "What is the relative value of
i -. i - -, .
wiiae anu yenow corn lor leefling pur-
pos-es, and especially for the fattening of
pork?" I am sure I do not know, and I
do not know any one who does know so
fully that we can accept his knowledge
with entire confidence that he is correct;
and for the reason, iu the first place, that
we hsve no accurate analyses of Indian
cor n to the extent necessary to enable us I
to decide whether white or yellow corn
contains the greatest amount of fattening
or caioonaceons suostances. in the sec-
ond place, no doubt that soil, situation,
climate and latitude affect Indian corn,
as they are kuown to do wheat, and In-
dian corn, like wheat, would bo pretty
sure to take un more mineral matters
from the soil, and more nitrogenous ones
from the soil aud atmosphere together,
on strong, rich laud, and under a long,
warm, summer climate, than on a poor
soi), in a short, cool summer. We know
most Southern corn absorbs more water
in cooking than Northern corn, makes
better bread, aud, if we accept the ac-
counts of travellers as facts, we know
the national tortillas of the Mexicans to
be made of Indian corn solely, and, af
ter being baked, to be tough and lea'h-
ry, as buckwheat cakes are. So far as
llinois is concerned nine-tenths of all
he corn grown is of the yellow varieties.
the preference for white corn being con-
ned to the southern part of. the State; I
but fiose eaters of corn bread liavinsr
o lutueru anteceaeuts are sure to choose
white corn meal, as those of Eastern are
quite as sure to select yellow meal for
ulinary purposes. If our information
i correct the larger share of the corn
grown in the South is of the white vari
eties, the white ones only being used for
bread, as the yellow ones are cultivated
and preferred iu the North. Geuerally
peaking, then, on these grounds. I think
it may be salely assumed that Northern
corn contains most oil or starch and
Southern corn most mineral or albumi
nous matter; that the former will pro
duce the largest increase of adipose mat
ter in the shortest time, and the latter
will increase the size of t':e bones ami
muscles most in the same way. Corres
pondence Country Oenlleman.
Exercise fob Fowls. The Poultry I
Herald thinks that cou lined chickens j
hould have exercise and amusement, and
ays: "As olten as once a week through
the hot months of June and July it will
be tound a good plan to dig over and
urn up the soil, spade deep, in the earth
noors oi your lowl nouses, as well as
through the runs about the outside of the '
"This easy process affords means for
exercise again tor the birds that are lim
ited to contracted space. A great num
ber of worms, grubs, &c, are thus
brought to the surface, which the bens
nd chicks will devour greedily, aud
they will scratch for these vigorou-ly.
"This method, if followed up three or
four times a month, will clean the prem
ises under foot and render the ground
healthier for the stock to wander over
Before the earth is thus loosened and
mellowed scatter whole grain over it-
oats, uarley or whole wheat; and ia this
way you may keep the stived-up fowls
uusy, auora iuhuj neeaea exercise, purny
.l. !,: f..t . 1 .1
wic ciinu uuuci men icci auu uicvcui
many a viciously inclined hen from ac
quiring the troublesome habit ot pluck
ing the leathers from her more docile
Cure for Scratches. A cor res pond
eut sends to the Western Rural the fol
lowing simple remedy for scratches,
which, he says, has been thoroughly test
ed and proved highly successful: Wash
the sores thoroughly with warm sott wa
ter aud castile soap; then rinse them off
with clear water, alter winch rub dry
with a cloth. Now grate up some car
rots (about a pint alter grated) and bind
them on the sores. The best way to bind
it on is to take a cloth and wrap it
around the sores, letting the lower edge
come close down to the hoof; thsn tie a
cord around this lower end, after which
put the grated carrot into the opening at
the top ot the cloth; press it down
around the sores, then tie another cord
around the top of the cloth, a little above
the tetlock. This should be repeated
every day lor lour or five days, when the
scratches will be cured. Try this, all
who doubt it.
Foh Insects on Roses. Boil four
ounces of quassia chins ten minutes in a
gallon of solt water, and after straining
add tour ounces of sott soar. which
should be dissolved as it cools, stirring
well before using. With a small, cleau
painter's brush, apply it to every infect-
ed leaf and shoot. In fifteen or twenty
miuutes wash the plants with pure wa
ter. Tobacco may b9 used instead -of
the quassia. For some insects a sprink
ling ot powdered hellebore will destroy
or disperse them, the plants being previ
ously well moistened.
Cure for Galls. A writer sends to
the Eimira Farmers' Club the following
cure for galls on the shoulders of draught
animals, which he savs is the bet ne
ever used : Dissolve six drachms of io
dine in half a pint of alcohol and apply
it on thfi sore with a feather as soon as
the collar is removed, aud when at rest,
twicA n dav. morninrr and evening. The
article should be in the stable ot every
j farmer a8 il ftn excellent application
I on horses where the skin is broken by
her nrridents aud is a sure
cure for splints if used in a proper man
Colorado has i,UUU,uuo sneep anu
T 1 4 1
600,000 head ot cattle. ivinie came
raising has always been profitable, it is
claimed that sheep pay a greater percent- you wouia nave careajtor so trifling a mat-a"-e
of profit on smaller investments. j ter in so large a purchase." "My lord,"
There is a sunflower in Adrian, Mich.,
the stalk of which is eleven leet and
eight inches high and eleven inches in
and bears ninety-nine
Aneedote of David Barton.
Only a few of the oldest citizens of
Missouri remember Senator David Barton.
one ot our hrst and greatest statesmen.
Barton came of very humble parents, his
father and rrandfathpr havino- hon h..
makers; but, humble and lowly as they
were, they gave to their illustrious de-
scendant an untarnished name and a vig-
orous manhood, that stimulated and en-
couraged him in the battle of lif whiVh
euded not only in placing him in the
United States Senate, but in o-irincr him
a prominent and leading position in that
body. Like the true and noble man that
he was, it can be said to his credit, and
truthfully, that this world', honor nr
turned his head, nor mad him thn laar
ashamed of his parents.
He was th enntomnnmn rf Tnhn Tf.
jdoluh. of Rjanoke. the eccentric Vio-in-
ian who boasted of beiner a descendant
of Pocahontas, the Indian Princess. Bar-
ton and4Randolph had many sharp de-
bates in the Senate, in one of which the
wit and sarcasm of the Virginian were
hurled back with crushing effect,
Barton had risen to a point of order
during a fierce debate between Randolph
and some one else, at which the o-?nt la-
man from Virginia took offense. Dart
ting a fierce look at Barton, he suddenly
turned his back upon him and addressed
the Speaker. He said:
"Mr. President: Tho gentleman from
Missouri is out of order. His remarks
are not Dertinent: no more so than
nuestion would ba were T in sk- him
what became of his grandmother.s leath
er apron. I daughter. I
Bartou smothered his anger, and re
torted in a dignified, gentlemanly man
ner, iu pleasing contract to the sharp,
rasping tones of Randolph. He said:
"The gent.eman goes out of the way to
allude to a matter wholly irrelevant to
the question before this body, in the hope,
no uoubt, of crushing me with shame.
The poisoned shaft, so fiercely aimed, has
missed its mark. I still live to say to
this scoffer at humble worth that I glory
in being the grandson of a msn who not
only wore a leather apron, but, in the
hour of his couutry,s peril, shouldered his
musket and fought for the liberities we
now enjry. Cheers. As to the fate of
his leather aprou, I cannot speak positive
ly, but we have a family traditi u that it
as lost during the Indian war I say
lost out of respect for the gentlemau's feel
ings. Were I to speak iu plainer lan-
according to the tradition, was the fate
f the leather aprou. The gentleman's
grandmother stole that apron and con
verted it into a breach-clout laughter and
applause, showing by this act that she
possessed one virtue which her noble de-
acendant rios not the virtue of shame"
ohn W. Hatton in Chicago Ledgtr.
An Odd Affair.
A correspondent of the Golden Ituel
tells a humorous storv of what happeued
to a lady at a dinner-party in a Western
city. Seeing that the gentleman who
handed her in to dinner was not of a lit
erary turn, the lady, a good conversation
alist, entertained him by talking of hunt
ing, dogs, horses and fishing. The man
was entertained aud the lady exhausted.
It was not many days after that she
encountered the same gentleman at an-
othfir dinPr-nrt and
lo and behoid 1
" 1 Jl
it agaiu fell to her lot to go to dinner
with him. Turning frankly to him when
they were about to be seated, she said :
"Mr. So-and-so, you know quite well
that we have talked up every subject
which would mutually interest us. Come,
I propose that instead of talking (since
for the sake of our hosts we must appear
happy aud pleased with each other), we
begin aud count like this: One, two,
three, four, five, six, seven, eight, nine,
ten, eleven, twelve, thirteen, and then
laugh ; aud the other take it up and go
on in the same wav."
She had counted nearly up to fifty be
fore he saw the joke, when suddeuly he
let forth a perfect roar of laughter, and
catching up the idea, went on one, two,
three, four, five, six, seven, eight, nine,
etc., until she had to laugh in spite of
herself, and they began to be the envy of
the whole table, and were pressed with
queries as to what so amused them.
The lady told this in the presence oi
another bright woman., who lives in quite
another part of the country. They both
happened to be in New York on a visit.
The story pleased her very much. She
went home, and being at a
herself, she narrated it, producing peals
I of laughter from everybody but a single
I gentleman. He did not even smile.
Their hostess at last cried out:
I "Why, John, by. your looks
I think it had been you I"
I With an indescribable expression he
j answered, sottly :
This is a true tale.
Only Trifles. When tempted to scorn
the little duties of our calling, let U9
think of such sayings as the following:
One day a visitor at Michael Angelo's
studio remarked to that great artist, who
had been describing certain little fiaish-
ing "touches" lately given to a statute,
"But these are only trifles." "It may be
a . 1 t a ill m. I 1 . .a
so," repnea tne scuipcor, -uhi recoiiect
that trifles make perfection, and perfect
ion is no trifle." In the same epirit the
great painter Poussin accounted for his
reputation in these words, "Because I
have neglected nothing." It is related of
a Manchester manufacturer that, on re
tiring from business, he purchased an ea-
tate from a certain noblt
I rjtD semcoi wa, that he si
tmtn. The ar
rangement was that he should have the
house with all its furniture just as it
stood. On taking posses -don, however.
he found that a cabinet which was in the
inventory had been removed, aud on dp-
piying to iue lormer owner aoout it. the
I "1. (IT tt W a . .
latter saia, - veu, l certainly dia order
it to be removed, but I hardly thought
was tne reply, "it I had not all my lite
J attended to trifles, I should not have been
I able to purchase this estate; and, excuse
j me for saying so, perhaps if your lord-
I ship had cared more about trifles you.
might not have had occasion to sell it.
t J 4 -