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V', DEVOTED TO NEWS, LITERATURE, AND THE BEST INTERESTS OF OREGON.
YOL. XII. : OREGON CITY, OREGON, THURSDAY, JUNE 6, 1878. NO. 33.
V4 . , , . .
A LOCAL NEWSPAPER
FOB T B K
"naer. alulne yinit nml Family Circle
ISSUED EVEBY THURSDAY.
rSOPBIETOB AND PTTBLISBEB.
Official Paper for Clackamas County,
flice: In tJuterprise Bulldinsr,
Ob door South of Masonic Building, Main Street.
Term of Knbirriplion:
Single Copy, one year, in advance $i 50
Stagl. Cupy, aix mouths, iu advance 1 50
Termi of .4dirrllIngi
Transient advertisement, including ail legal
notices, per square of twelve lines, one
week $ 2 50
For each subsequent insertion loo
Out Column, one year 120 00
Half Column, one year 0U 00
Quarter Column, one year 40 00
business Card, one square, one year TJ 00
OREGON LODGE, No. 3, I. O. O. F
Meets every Thursday Evening, at yK;4, c-
o'clock, in Odd bellows' Hall, t lif
Main Street. Members of the Order XijfcA
are invited to attend.
By order of N. O.
REBECCA DEGREE LODGE, No. 2.
vr. u. x., weu on the Second and
l ourth Tuesday Eveuinys of each month,
' o tiuix, in lue oaa t ellows Hall.
iemuers or the Uegree are invited to
FALLS ENCAMPMENT, No. 4,
i. u. u. meet at Odd Fellows' Hall on'
me first and 'luufl Tuesday of kach month.,
Patriarchs In goou standing are invited to
MULTNOMAH LODGE, No. 1,
. a . a a. ai., colds its regular communi
cations on the First and Third Satunlnra
In .....k . . V. . T . . 1 , r .... W
uiuuiii, mi i o ciock irom me Mia Xi
7 o'clock from the 2i.'th of March to the
uiu ui oepieinoer. ureturen in good standing are
Invited to attend. By order of W. M.
WARREN N. DAVIS. M. D.,
IMiyMieinu and Surgeon,
Graduate of the University of Pennsylvania.
Office at Cliff House.
IMiysiciun and IrnJis-
Prescriptions carefully filled at short notice.
DR. JOHN WELCH,
OFFICE IN OREOOKCITT '..OREGON.
Highest cash price paid for County Orders.
E. L. EASTHAM,
ATTO It X i: Y -AT- Tj A XV ,
OREGON CITY, OREGON.
Special attention given to business in the U. S.
Ottlce in Myer's Brick.
JOHNSON & McCOWN,
ATTORNEYS and COUNSELORS AT LAW
OREGON CICY, OREGON.
Will practice in all the Courts of the Slate.
Special attention given to canes in the United
States Land Ottlce at Oregon City. Sapr'72-tf
BLANKS OF EVERY DESCRIPTION FOR
Hale at ttiisofllce. Justices of the Pveace can
get anytniug in their line.
J. P. WtBS, OEOKOE A. HARDING.
WARD & HARDING,
T7"EEP CONSTANTLY ON HAND A GENERAL
LV assartuieut of
Drugs and Chemical,
I'.mtM Mil ft ICrii.lBea,
atiuuller Brarri t anry and
Uermetie Oil. Lamp ('liininF.va.
Ulan, I-iitt.v. ljkimt.
t aruithri and J)je Siultt.
PURE WINES AND LIQUORS FOR
PATENT MEDICINES, ETC., ETC
KX. Physician Prescriptions carefully cor
pjuuJeU, and all orders correctly answered.
Open at all hours of the night.
ak All accounts must be paid monthly.
nvl,lo70tf WARD t HARDING.
W. H. HICHFIELD,
lHtabllBliod since ' ID,
One door North of Pope's Hall,
JIAI ST., (tKEVOX CirV, OKEUO.V
An aKsortment of Watches, Jewelry, and fSL
SstU Thomas' Weight Clocks, all ot which
are warranted to be as represented. o.' . iA
aitepairing done on short notice; andthauaiui
for paat patronage.
. nli Jfaiil lor County Orders.
JOHN M. BACON,
PICTURE FRAMES, MOl'LDINGS AND illSCEL-
FR.int: M IDE TO ORDER.
Obego.n Orrr, Oregon-.
"At the Post Office, Main Street, west side.
A. C. WALLINC'S
1'ioucer 15ook Bindery
Plttock'a BuildiDg, cor. of Stark and Tront Sts..
PORTLAND, OK EG OX.
BLANK BOOKS RULED AND BOUND TO ANT
desired pattern. Music Botks, Magazines,
Newspapers, etc.. bound iu every -variety of Btvle
knowu to the trade. Orders from the country
promptly attended to. novl, T5-tf
OREGON CITY BREWERY.
iiumukl, fc rvTi Jit,
Having purchased the above Brewery,,
wishes to inform the public that they are
aow prepared to manufacture a No. 1,
OF LAGER BEER,
JU pod as can be obtainol anywhere ia the State.
Orders soUolted and promptly filled.
& i2i a:
"O the world is beautiful, bright, and fair!"
And a merry laugh rang out on the air.
As the little oue tumbled the new-mown bay,
Chasing the butterflies, bright and gay;
Uut the sun went down, and he drooped his
For the pretty things in his bauds lay dead.
"O the world is beautiful, bright, and fairl"
And tho maiden shook out her golden Lair,
And she sweetly smiled, as the lily and rose
'Jlid the shiniDg tresses she deftly wove;
Cut thalorer camo not to claim Lis bride,
And the thorns remained, and the roses died.
"O the world is beautiful, brigbt, and faiil"
And the young n.other softly breathed a prayer
As she nestled ber baby close to her breast.
And its murmuringa gently soothed to re.t;
But the Father bad need of one Angel more,
And He opened for it the heavenly door.
"O the world is beautiful, bright, and fair!"
Sighed the aged one with silvery hair,
"But over it all is the serpent's trail
With tho merry laugh comes the mournful wail;
I but tarry awhile till the summons come
To join my beloved in our heavenly borne;"
Pkbcy V. Bancs.
BY J. K. s.
Richard Slinerton was a man of the
town as the expression goes. Ilia nat
ural and acquired gifts and accomplish
ments fave him admittance into the
houses of the best families in New York
City; he was managing man in a first
class business house on a large salary.
Youcg and preposessing in appearance,
few would have taken him to be what lie
was, an unprincipled man. At tho age
of thirty he had como to find his single
The good Book tells us that no man
can live a happy life who lives altogether
for himself, and it no doubt refers to a
higher law than circumstances cau reach,
that goes all through society, when it
savs God made of one blood all the na
tions of the earth. A young and good-
looking bachelor may haunt every known
place ot amusement in the city or New
York and it ha3 not a few he may
travel and spend nights in the Jardin
JIabille, talk to and flirt with all the
pretty girls he can meet there or else
wuere yet he will discover when tired
out and sick with over-stimulating him
self, some night just after he has leached
thirty years of ge, that a bachelor's life
has lost its charm tor him.
These generalizations may be altogether
true and sound, or only iu part be that
as it may, tho hero of this story, Richard
Slingerton by name, got tired of a single
life when ho was thirty years of age, and
went out day after day and night after
night, to find a girl good enough to be
his wife. lie took no aecouut of their
being two sides to everything -that a
girl he was suited with might not be
suited with him, and for not doing so he
was compelled to search longer than lie
thought he would have to look for a wife,
as here and there a lady whom he likeJ,
when his attentions became too marked
and exclusive, gave him the cold
shoulder. Rut I need not tell how, when
and where he was snubbed, as it will not
add to this story in the least.
Bafore long, however, there were om
inous rumors. Those who professed to
bo good judges in such matters, skid that
the beautiful Miss T of street
had fallen head and ears in love with
Richard Slingerton, and he had proposed
to her, but that her father had refused
his consent to their engagement and
marriage. Her father was a wealthy
criminal lawyer, and from long dealings
with unprincipled men lie had acquired
the faculty of judging human nature.
It has been well said that so restless
aud vital is the force that speaks in
every part of a man, that nature and ac
quired disposition reveals itself in con
tour of the face, motion?, gestures and
complexion, and in countless other out
ward manilestat)jjns to practiced eyes
and subtle minds experienced in observa
tion of character. The phrenologist who
examines your head, while doing so, is
engaged, it has been said, in observing
whether you are talkative, or silent,
whether you are neatly or slovenly, what
is called loudly or plainly dressed, and
in observing your features wheu they are
in repose, and in movement. 1 he skill
to do this it is well known is not con
fined to nhrenoloirists: society is full of
equally keen, just and practised ob
Mr. T-. Richard's loved one's stern and
unyielding parent for Mr. T. was stern
and unyielding in most cases suspected
Richard ot being a worldly, unprinci
pled man from the hrst time he saw him.
He himself was what could be called a
good mau. lie had one great fault, how
ever; the fault of occasionally over-in
dulcing in liquor to such an extent that
uncltr its influence he committed many
indiscretions, and once in a wtule a
grievous sin. lie would give the world,
including his daughter, if he wanted her,
to the man who could cure him of his
love for the intoxicating cup.
He was a church communicant, and
every time he was tripped into the sin
of over-indulcing in liquor that caused
him to be unlike himself wheu under its
influence, he would be ia agony for days
and perhaps weeks, lamenting his sin.
God looks at the spirit that prompts the
act, and not so much, perhaps, at the act
itself, le it sinful or otherwise. The
spirit that prompted Mr. T. to get intoxi
cated was merely an inordinate love of
pleasure, and he always meant to stop
short ol intoxication when he commenced
diinking. So God did not give him
over to himself in his weakness, but
Christ was with him, end raised up an
instrument to heal him of his great
Coming one day to see his ladylove,
Richard's quick eye detected that her
father, who came into the parlor to meet
him in her stead, was intoxicated, and he
"To-night I can work on the old man
so that he will consent to give mo his
daughter in marriage."
Ho asked Mr. T. if lie could see his
"You're a schorh drell" said Mr. T.,
in great anger. ''I f'rbid you t' house I"
Richard thought to himself,
"He is as great a scoundrel as I was.
And he knew me so well that I must
confess and tell him that since I have
loved his daughter, his pure and lovely
daughter, I am a changed man," (which
was true.) "I used to get under the in
fluence of liquor I must pretend not to
see that he is but now I am thoroughly
temperate, and intend to join tho church
as soon as possible."
These thoughts went quickly through
Richard's miud while he was employed
gazing iu apparent astonishment at Mr. T.
"I was a scoundrel, Mr. T.,'r Richard
said, presently, "but I am at last, I trust
to God, on the straight and narrow path.
I intend to become worthy of your
daughter ?to became a member of the
church in a few days. It wa3 her love
that completely changed my nature. My
love for her and her'a for me. I sat up
very late last night bewailing my former
sinful way of living. Last night, think
ing that I could como before you to-day
good a judge of human nature and of
character as you are, Mr. T., and show
you that I am a changed man. I used
todiinkvery freely, Mr.- T., but three
days after I became acquainted with your
daughter, I made up my mind, by the
help of God, never to get intoxicated
again, and I have known your daughter
some time now, as you know, and I have
abstained from any indulgence, and have
no desire to commence again my former
style of fast living. Mr. T., look closely
at me, and see if I am telling you the
Mr. T. was not so much under tho in
fluence of liquor that he was not taken
completely by surprise, and feeling flat
tered, and not being thoroughly clear
headed, he impulsively stretched out his
hand to Richard with a remark that led
Richard to understand that Mr. T. be
lieved every word he had said about his
repentance. Richard grasped Mr. T.'s
hand and shook it cordially, and whis
pered in his ear :
"Let us kneel down and pray. I am
so jrlad i came here to night: it seems
frood to be here, and I feel that I am au
instrument in God's hands to bless you,
Richard, after he had talked as above,
was astonished at his boldness, but he
had hardly finished his abowe quoted re
mark, before Mr. T. was on his knees, the
tears ruuniDg down his cheeks, and be
fore Richard, who was the means of get
ting him there, had knelt to pray him
self. Mr. T. rose and exclaimed :
"You are my best friend I My daugh
ter is yours. I know that I am taved
from my besetting sin. I feel that 1
will be able to hereafter live a godly,
righteous, and temperate life to the end.
I.ieel the spirit of the Lord Jesus upon
me, and that in answer to my prayer just
made I have the spirit of strength to do
God's will willingly while I live, and re
frain from the intoxicating cup."
"God grant it to be as you have sriid to
both of us. God bless us both," said
Richard in a voice trembling with emo
Soon after this memorable occasion
Richard Slingerton was married to Miss
T. Ten years after their marriage, Mr.
and Mrs. Slingerton and children they
had two were called to the death-bed of
Mr. T. He died blessing Mr. Slingerton,
and a his daughter bent over to kiss
him for the last time, she said his face
vas like that of an angel.
Though Richard Slingerton was sorely
tempted to return to his former free and
easy manner oi living, only twice did lie
yield to the wiles or the tempter, after
which he always did sorely repent, and
now, he is established, strengthened, set
tled as a pillar of the church. He be
came a communicant a lew weeks alter
the night of answered prayer in . the par
lor of Mr. T.
The Valtje of Probability. Proba
bility, to have any value at all, must ex
press a lact. It is, therefore, a thing to
be inferred upon evidence. Let us, then,
consider for a moment the formation of a
belief of probability. Suppose we have
a large bag of beans from which, one has
been secretly taken at random and hid
den under a thimble. We are now to
form a probable judgment of the color of
that beao, by drawing others singly Irom
the bag and looking at them, eacli one to
be thrown back, and the whole well
mixed up after each drawing. Suppose
the first drawing is white and the next
black. AVe conclude that there is not an
immense preponderance of either color,
and that there is something like an even
chance that the bean under the thimble
is black. But this judgment may be
altered by the next few drawings. When
we have drawn ten times, if 4, 5, or G,
are white, we have more confidence that
the chance is even. lien we have
drawn a thousand time?, if about half
have been white, we have great con
fidence in this result. We now leel
nrettv sure that, if we were " to make a
larrre number of bets upon the color of
single beans drawn from the bag, we
could approximately insure ourselves in
the long run, by betting each time upon
thA white, a confidence which would be
entirely wanting if, instead of sampling
tdie DafT by 1,000 drawings, we had done
so by only two. Prof. Peirce, in Popu-
for Science Monthly.
The intensely anti-Russian English
are now known as "Jingoes," though the
origin and significance of the term are
somewhat obscure. , People about the
Court say the Queen is one of the most
bitter of the Jingoes, and desires active
measures against Russia. It is also said
that readers of the third volume of the
"Memoirs of Prince Albert" may find in
that volume an explanation of the course
of the present Euglish Administration.
The policy of twenty years ago is being
carried out with entire forgetfulness of
the radical changes in the situation af
fected in those twenty years.
Dignity is expensive, and without
1 other good qualities is not particularly
The City of. Odessa.
The city of Odesa, 400 miles from
Constantinople, is at once' the chief com
mercial port and a thoroughly Russian
city. It was in the twilight of the morn
ing of tho second day when we landed on
Russian soil, and stood within the walls
of Odessa. The elegance of the city is
due Jo the genius of Emanuel de Riche
lieu, a French emigrant, who was its first
governor, in 1830, and whose statue in
bronze is at the top of the grand stair
case, which leads to the gardens and to
the sea. The streets are. broad and well
paved; the buildings are. large and ele
gant ; the churches are immense, and
ornamented to excess; and everywhere
there is an air ,f wealth. At evening the
splendid boulevard which runs along the
sea was thronged with persons of all
ranks. The ladies were fashionably
dressed, but many men had a decidedly
Russian appearance. (Jlnef among the
public buildiDgs is the University of
New Russia, established in 1865, and is
worthy of its name. The Public Library
is well supplieJ, and in its Museum is a
relic which can never fail to awaken rec
ollections of one of the noblest of men.
It is aj-ipanned flat candlestick once the
property of the philanthropist Howard.
His remains lie mouldering on the shores
of the Black Sea, near Kherson. His
last words t his friend Priestman have
been fulfilled. 'Let no monument or
monumental inscription whatever mark
the spot where I am buried; lay me
quietly in the earth, place a sun-dial over
my grave, and let me be torgotten. lie
can never be torftotien, out tuose wno
pass by his tomb iu its lonely place are
alike ignorant of his virtues and his
Of the two hundred thousand citizens
of Odessa, eighty thousand are Russians,
fifty thousand are Jews, ten thousand are
Germans, fifteen thousand are Greeks
fifteen thousand Turks, ten thousand
Italians, and twenty thousand French,
English and Americans. The commerce
ot the port is large and valuable. The
imports and exports are estimated at
over seventy millions in gold per annum.
Although American petroleum is a large
factor in the imports, yet it may be in
teresting to the denizens of "Oil City"
to know that on the shores of the Caspian
Sea there are immense wells of Russian
letroleum. It abounds at Baku, in the
southeastern Caucasus, and in the north
western corner of the Caucasus at Tainan.
At the latter place the supply Eeeins to
be inexhaustible, and that found at the
former rlace is equal to our best. The
crude article can be bought there at
thirty cents per barrel, and is now 6old in
Moscow and St. Petersburg, at one dollar
and a half per pood, or six gallons. One
thing, however, is favorable to the Ameri-
cau trade; the Russians are slow at pres
ent to invest capital "in the outlay neces
sary to bung their petroleum into market,
aud until then we can let our light shine.
Enormous Prices for Paintings.
Some enormous prices were realized at
a sale in jjondon on Saturday, tne om
inst., of the collection of pictures formed
by the late Mr. Munro. Sir Joshua Rey
nolds' "Kitty Fisher" brought 3,570, aud
his portrait of the lion. Mrs. Stauhope,
personifying " Contemplation," was
knocked" down for $15,800. Wilkie's
"Gentle Shepherd" brought only $816,
aud the pictures of Richard Wilson, be-
l.eved by many in England to be the
fiuest classical painter ot the eighteenth
century, sold lor a mere song. Then
came the productions of Joseph M. W.
Turner. Thirty-two drawings, large nd
small, Drought a little over spal.bUU. lne
oil pictures, which included "Ancient
Italy," "Modern Rome," "Rime from the
Oventuine," "Juliet after the Masque
rade," "Van Tromp's Gallery," "Ava
lanche iu the Val d'Aosta," and the "Kil-
earren Castle," werit at prices ranging
between 0,200 and $29,780 apiece.
Two others sold for $20,000 each. The
nine works in oil produced an ag
gregate of $211,950, and the grand total
t'r all the Turners sold that day was
8293.G32. Two undeuiab v genuine Ho-
;u ths, being two f the scenes from the
Harlot's Progress," went cheap, one for
2,050, and the other for $1,530. Two
paintings by R. P. Bonnington, "The
Fish Market, " and "The Grand Canal,
Venice," sold for $15,300 apiece. The
total amount realized was $350,575, the
highest ever reached for such a small
number of pictures. 2V. F. Herald.
TriE Women's Hotel Tried. A
boarder at the Women's Hotel fills a col
umn of the New York Sun with praises
of this establishment. She says: "I have
been much moro luxuriously provided
for than I am accustomed to or care
to be; have received in every par
ticular much more for what I am to pay
than I ever did before. We have a quiet,
elegant home, such as the most opulent
woman in the city might envy, and into'
which no rude masculine element can
possibly intrude; the use of a library and
reading room superior to that which the
ordinary millionaire places in his own
house; surroundings which are artistic
and aesthetic in the highest degree; the
material benefit of a good Frencu cuisine.
and the respectful, prompt attendance of
a corps ot trained colored waiters. I
don't know how to realize that I am iu a
working - woman's hotel. In fact the
whole thing seems like a dream."
The Rev. B. S. Taylor, pastor of the
Methodist Episcopal church, at Sandlake,
N. Y., instead of preaching a sermon last
Sunday made this announcement: "The
board of trustees have not paid my Eal
ary , have taken no notice of my demands
circulated no subscription paper, nor
made any other effort to fulfill their obli
gations to me. l am badly involved in
debt, and do not propose to continue
preaching for nothing. I therefore de
dare the pulpit vacant until God in Hi
mecy can send you a minister who can
live ou air and wear buckskin breeches
of his own make."
sins bring countless
Poisonous Gases ia Houses.
Typhus fever, diphtheria, and other
fatal diseases, are often caused by sewer
gas which forces its way through the water-closet
and open fixed basins into the
house. Another dangerous gas is that
emanating from stoves. The New York
Iltr-ald thus writes about both these
Unless there is a free circulation and
an adequate supply of pure air in a bed
room occupied by one or more persons,
the volume of air enclosed becomes very
rapidly exhausted of its life-preserving
properties, and proportionately charged
with gases of an opposite character.
Tlu u.era breathing of the air takes
from it the oxygen, and returns a volume
of carbonic acid gas, which speedily as
sumes an undue proportion to the former,
and renders the atmosphere absolutely
dangerous to life.
But there are other sources ot danger
that too frequently fail to be recognized,
even by generally careful householders.
These are the pipes leading from water
closets,sinks and fixed wash-stand basins,
to the house drain, and which often serve
as the inlets by which that most deadly
of poisons, sewer gas, enters dwell
ings. It does not matter very much whether
the poison enters the hallway from a water-closet,
the kitcheu from a sink, or
the bedroom from a fixed wash-stand
basin, it will attack the sleeper in bis
Thousands of fatal cases of disease
that are believed to be the result of con
tagion are really duo to sewer-gas poison
brought directly into bedrooms by the
ways we have suggested.
Another dangerous gas that must be
guarded against ia bedrooms is that ema
nating from stoves. During cold weather
these stoves are much used as heaters in
sleeping apartments, and through igno
rance of the principles of combustion and
ventilation, the carbonic acid gas given off
fills the air with its poison.
It is a hundred times safer to sleep in
a cold bedroom than in one heated by a
badly-regulated stove. Open fireplaces
obviate all danger, and serve as the best
means of ventilation.
To Wasd: Greasy Wool. Dissolve a
large tablespoonful of borax in a pint of
boiling water. Mix one-quarter of it in
the water in which the wool is to be
washed. Put in one piece of goods at a
lime, using soap if needed, and if neces
sary add more of the borax water. Wash
well and rinse in cold water, or in water
only slightly warmed. Shake well, and
Imog where the goods will dry quickly.
For twenty-six years I have used for
washing my white flannels water about as
hot as would be used for cotton clothing.
My flannels are beautifully soft, as well
as white. I never have any shrink. For
washing goods that fade use crude am
monia instead of soap. Soiled Deckties
may be made to look like new by taking
one-half a teaspoonful of spirits of harts
horn to a teacup of water; wash well,
and if very much soiled put through a
second water with less ammonia in. Lay
it on a clean white cloth and gently wipe
with another until nearly dry. Then lay
a cloth over it and smooth with an iron
not very hot. If the color fades it will
all come back to its original hue. Use
no soap, and do not rinse. Exchange.
Apple Tartlets. Peel, core and
halve 6ome large apples, trimming them
so as to get them all one size; drop them
as they are done into cold water, with the
juice of a lemon squeezed into it to pre
vent their turning brown. Have ready
a syrup (made with one oind of sugar
and one quart of water) boiling hot, put
the apples into this, with the thin rind of
lemon and two or three cloves. As
soon as tnev are cooicea (great care must
be taken that they do not break) take
them out and' leave them to get cold,
then set the syrup on the fire to reduce.
Make some short paste with two ounces
f sugar, two ounces of butter, the yolks
f four eggsv a little water, a pinch of
salt and flour quant, stiff., work it lightly
and roll it out to the thickness of one-
eighth of an inch. Line some patty pans
with it, fill them with uncooked rice to
keep their shape and bake them in a mod
erate oven till done. Remove the rice
nd place on each tartlet half an apple,
he concave side uppermost, pour a little
if the reduced syrup on each tartlet, and
astly put a piece ot guava or currant
elly in the cavity of each apple.
Veal Balls. Three and one-half
pounds chopped meat, 1 tablespoon of
salt, 1 teaspoon pepper, nutmeg, 5
small crackers rolled tine, il eggs; work
well together to make it adhere; if the
veal is lean add a small lump of butter
and 1 teaspoon cream; form the veal into
large ball and epot thickly over with
butter; then strew over it the powdered
crackers (a small portion of which should
be mixed with the other ingredients);
place it in the oven and cook slowly for
two hours; Irom time to time add a little
water, that there may be gravy.
Bean Soup. Take Spanish or black
beans, wash and put into a pot with
proper quantity of water; boil until well
done; men uip out tne ueans and press
;m through a colander into the water
in whicM they were boiled; tie up some
thyme in a little bag, put in the pot to
simmer a lew minutes; boil hard a few
egss, quarter and put eggs into the soup;
?. snceu lemon, a mtie uutter, ana season
with salt and pepper.
Rich Croquettes. Into 1 pint cold
Doilea rice stir l egg and 1 teaspoon of
salt; mix well and mould into egg-shaped
uaiis; iry in nor. iara.
Fillet of Sole. Take a flounder or
any other fish; fry a nice brown; butter
:l-t..i-.- ... . .
wen an me time it is on tne hre; serve
with sli ces of lemon and tomato sauce
Molasses Cake. One cud molasses
three tablespoonl'uls butter, one teaspoon
ginger; siir very stm with flour; one
teaspoon soda in one cup hot water. Thi
is good, cold or warm.
An idea for mothers : Baste a piece of
needlework on the bottom of children i
cloaks; this takes the place of a white
dress in the street, and is far more easy
to do up.
The Fascination of Archery.
So long as the new moon returns in
heaven a bent, beautiful bow, so long will
the fascination of archery keep hold of the
hearts of men. I can demonstrate this
fascination, and can give the reason why
it exists. But first a word as to the
fact of its existence. Since the publica
tion in this magazine for July, 1877, of an
article on archery, I have received nearly
five hundred letters of inquiry, and men
have come hundteds of uii.es to see what
manner of bows and arrows I use. You
have but to mention an archer or archery
to your friend and immediately his inter
est is aroused. He may scoff at the bow
and sneer at the arruw; but he will in
quire and show curiosity. Hang a loog
bow and a quiver of arrows conspicuous
ly in your hall or library, and you will
soon discover that no exquisite painting
or bit of statuary will receive more atten
tion from guests than will be ac
corded to these ancient weapons. No
doubt if one could procure a shelbstrung
with gold and silver cords, after the fash
ion of the old time instrument wherewith
the gods made music, the same fascina
tion would attach. Indeed music and
poetry sprang from the bow as did the
goddess of wisdom from the head of Jove.
1'ne bow is the old first lyre, the m-mo-chord
the first rune of fine art, and is as
inseparably connected with the history of
culture as are the alphabets of the
learned languages. What the fragments
of Sapphic song and the Homeric epics
are to the literature of to-day, the bow is
to the weapons of to-day. When jo. man
shoots with a bow it is his own vigor of
body that drives the arrow, and his own
mind that controls the missile's flight.
Not so with gun shooting. The modern
J. weapon is charged with a power acting
independently of muscular operations,
and will shoot just as powerfully for the
schoolboy or the weakling as it will for
the athlete. The Sapphic songs w ere the
natural music of love; the Homeric epics
were the natural out-pourings of a great,
8troug,self-sufScientsoul, surcharged with
inspiration of heroism; and wheu
Apollo is represented with drawn bow he
is the symbol of the natural perfect physi
cal manhood iu an attitude, displaying its
highest powers and graces. It is curious
to note how surely the bow and arrows
have found their way into the bauds of all
wild peoples whose mode of life has made
physical culture a necessity with them,
and it is equally interesting and signifi
cant to discover that anioug these wild
peoples a chieftain is invariably chosen on
account of his ability to draw a mighty
Uow. We are
fined and enlightened tavages.
f our nature is not changed iu substance ;
it is polished and oiled. The wild side
t the prism of humanity still offers its
leusurt t- to us, and it is healthlnl and
essentially necessary to broad culture
hat we accept them m moderation.
port, by which I mean pleasant physi
cal aud mental exercise combined play,
n the best sense is a requirement ot this
wild element, this glossed-over, physical,
heathen side of our being, aud the bow
its natural element. Scribntr'l8
Paternal Governments. Mr. Elihu
Burritt considers the question whether it
is the business of government to assist
the emigrant and the laboring producer,
by special gra jts of monetary assistance.
Mr. Burritt particularly favors small
loans to actufll settlers on the lines of the
far Western railway, the interest thereon
to be paid annually. It is only in this
way, as he believes, that the railways to
which the Government has made large
advances cau be rendered profitable and
solvent. Mr. Burritt holds that if great
corporations can be properly assisted to
develop the resources ' of the country,
there is no reason why those whose toil
ucreases the resources of the railways
hould not receive a proportionate en
couragement. He is incliued to consider
uch advance made by the Nation to the
settler as a simple business transaction,
by which both parties would be gainers,
and the great work of clearing and set
tlement be lorwarded. He does not see
why the aid which is freely granted to
corporation should not be granted to
ndividuals, nor why a republic should
ot be "paternal in the sense of caring
for the very poorest of her citizens. jV.
Exploration op Mt. Tongariro. P,
. Counelly, the English sculptor, has
goue to the summit ot longanro. the
burning mountain of New Zealand. The
volcano is regarded as sacred by the Ma
oris, wno nave objected to all attempts to
explore the mountain on the part of the
colonists. It is situated nearly in the
centre of North Island, and, though 6,000
teet hign, is more inaccessible than either
Mount Edgecombe or Ruapebu, both ol
which exceed 10,000 feet in height. Mr,
r it mt j t . -
ionueuy xounu every oostacie placed in
. f ' a
tne way oi riis progress by the natives,
who took possession of his horses, guns.
saddles, and nearly all ot his outht, in
eluding his sketches. He, however, over
came all resistance, and by the help of
some chiefs more friendly than the rest,
succeeded in thoroughly exploring tbe
crater, took a number of sketches and
photographs of the locality, and deter
mined the positions of the most import
Too Enthusiastic. During the ses
sion of a temperance meeting in Harlem,
the other uigut. one ot the persons wno
occupied the stage was an enthusiastic
deacon, who frequently interrupted the
anpakrr hv velliti!?: "Thank heaven for
-r -j j " , .
that I" One gentleman was caueu upon
who arose aud said: "Ladies and gen
tleinn I am heart and soul in this cause.
and feel that it will be a great benefit to
th neonle of this place." "rnante heaven
for that r veiled the deacon. "But, la
diflsand gentlemen," he continued, "I am
goin to say that it will be impossible
tor me to kuuich ju mia . .u
"Thank heaven for that 1" said the absent
minded man, when he was politely re
quested to take a back seat.
The sweetest wine makes the sharpest
Every good groom knows that sound
oats and beans and peas in due propor
tion, and at least a year old, are tbe very
best food for a galloping horse -the only
food on which it is possible to get the
very best condition out of a race horse or
hunter. It also has recently become
known that horses do slow work and get
fat, indeed too fat, on maize, Indian corn,
which is frequently one third cheaper
than the best oats. In the East, horses
are led on barley, and it is a popular idea
with Eogliih officers who have lived in
Persia and Syria that the change of food
from barley to oats, often, when imported,
pt'--duces blind ue.-s in Arabian horses.
Now, although no men understand better
or so well how to get blood horses into
galloping condition a9 English grooms,
ihey do not, and few cf their masters do,
know the reason why oats and bean? are
the best food for putting muscular flesh
on a horse. The agricultural chemist
steps in here, makes the matter very
plain, and shows that if you want pace,
Indian corn, although nominally cheaper,
is not cheap at all. When we feed a
bullock, a sheep, or a pig for sale, after
it has passed the store stage, we want to
make it fat as quickly and as cheaply as
possible; but with a horse for work the
object is, give him muscle in common
language, hard flesh. There are times
when it is profitable to make a horse fat,
as, for instance, when lie is going up for.
tale. For this purpose an addition of
about a pound and a half of oil cake to
his ordinary food has a good effect. It is
especially useful when a horse that has
been closely clipped or singed is in a
low condition. It helps on the change to
the new coat by making him fat. A horse
in low condition changes his coat very
When from any cause there is difficulty
in getting a supply of the best oats, an
excellent mixture may be made of crushed
maize and beans, in the proportion of
two-thirds of maize and one of beans,
which exactly afford the proportions of
flesh forming and fat forming food. Bran
is a very valuable food in a stable for re
ducing the inflammatory effects of oats
and beans. Made into mashes it has a
cooling and laxative effect, but used in
excess, especially in a dry state, it is apt
to form stony secretions in the bowels of
the horse. Stones, produced from 'the
excessive use of bran, have been taken
out of horses after death weighing many
pounds. London Live Stock Journal.
Frank W. Milter, a New Hampshire
editor, in his very able and sensible ad
dress at the recent assembly of the New
Hampshire State Bjard of Agriculture,
"Farmers do not hang together as they
hould; they are too jealous of one an
other's success.. If oue is getting a good
thing in selling milk or iu raising any
particular crop, they are too apt to strive
to spoil the business by cutting under, or
by getting away customers. Who ever
heard of a lawyer sneaking around to get
case away from a brother of the cratti
And who ever knew a rumseller to cut
down prices to secure trade? No, the
lawyers and the rumsellers hang together
the best of any class I know, and some
times I am tempted to wish more of them
could hang together.
Farmers are too much inclined to de
preciate themselves. If they get a little
money ahead and think to start a
bank, they will pay a clerk for taking
care of the books ten times as much as
either one of them would dare ask for doing
the same number of hours work tor the
lerk. Wheu I commenced business as
printer, I had been told that lawyers
nd physicians must charge big fees for
their services, because it had cost them
so much to acquire their education. I
made up my mind that those men who
barged me big fees would have big tees
charged them in return. It has cost me
as much to be a printer as it would nave
cost to become a lawyer. Farmers need
as good an education as a lawyer, and
better of the two, and they should value
such an education, aud realize the dignity
which belongs with it."
Make the .-Horses Work. Horses
were designed as beasts of burden, to re
lieve mankind from fatiguing drudgery.
It does not hurt them to work hard, if
they are treated kindly. It is not the
hard drawing and ponderous loads that
wear out horses aud make them poor,
balky and worthless; but it is the hard
driving, the worry by rough and inhuman
driver j, that uses up more horse flesh, fat
and muscle, than all the labor a team per
forms. Consider the ponderous loads that many
teams are required to cart every day, and
yet they appear to grow fatter and strong
er every year, iney are treaieu aiuuij.
On the other band, other norses, mar, ao
not perform half the labor, soon grow
poor, and give out, and the next we hear
t them they die witu tiie iisrum ou.
Hard work does not kill them; but the
worrying, fretting aud abuse did the
ju- ' ,
Horses win ao an iue umwiug bum
reaping on a large farm, threBh the grain,
pitch tne hay, turn the grindstone, saw
the wood, and perlorm aiinosr ait me
heavv labor that farmers have been ac
customed to do, and grow fat, if thy are
not worried and jerked and kicked about
as if they were a living football. N. Y.
Management ov Hot Beds. Where
it is intended to grow plants merely lor
transplanting in the garden, they may be
sunk in the ground to the depth of eight
een inches, and in such a case require
more than two feet of enriching material,
but when forcing and perfecting are de
signed a permanent heat must be kept up,
and the bed must be made on the surface,
so that fresh and warm dressing may be
added when necessary a depth of three
to four feet ia such cases being wanted.
The mold should be laid on as soon as
the bed is settled and has a lively, regularly-tempered
Good field hands are hiring in Georgia
at $30 and $75 tor the year.