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About Oregon City enterprise. (Oregon City, Or.) 1871-188? | View Entire Issue (Feb. 21, 1878)
DEVOTED TO NEWS, LITERATURE, AND THE DEST INTERESTS OF OREGON.
OREGON CITY, OREGON, THURSDAY, FEBRUARY 21, 1878.
A LOCAL XEWSPAPER
FOB T H K
Farmer, Ittlalnet. Man ami 1'aiull.r irrl
ISSUED EVERY THURSDAY
" FROFBIETOU AND tTBLIHUEn.
Official Paper for Clackamas County.
Ollloe: in Enterprise Iluililiii;r,
Ono door South of Masonic Building, Main Street.
q Trrnm of Su)iM'ritloii t
Single Copy, one year, in advance $2 .r.O
Single Copy, six months, in advance 1 50
Trriu of Al vrrt ioluic :
Transicut advertisements, inclu ding all legal
uoticeH, per square of twelve liut-s, uue
weeJc $ 2 50
G For each subsequent insertion 100
One Column, one year VM 00
Ilalf Column, one year 60 00
Quarter Column, one year 40 00
business Card, one Hijtiare, one year 12 00
OREGON LODGE, No. 3, I. O. O. F.
MreiH every 'ihursuay Evening, at .- c-.
7S4 o'clock, in Odd Krllowa' Hall, V VST " I
Main Street. Members of thx Or.l.-r CJrNfk?i2lV V.
nru iiiviIk.I tr nlti-n I
By order of
REBECCA DEGREE LODGE, No. 2,
. ... vj. r., uif.iH on mo Second and vr"-
Eourth Tuesday Evening of each month, r"?k
- i r iim , iu uuu rfllOWS Hull
Members of the Decree arc Invited to
FALLS ENCAMPMENT, No. 4.
0;,- ,,,,'tt, ttt -dl Fellows' Hall u(
M" Hall oujj 15
ino iirai aim inira iiiesilay of sac
airiarcun iu goott standing are
MULTNOMAH LODGE, No. I,
K. V. k A. M., holds its regular coiiiinunl- a
cations on the First and Third Saturdays
in each mouth, at 7 o'clock from the uotli S "
of September to the 'Joth of March - and "X
1H o'clock from the '.Vth of March to the ' V
n,tfl '",,ll'r- Brethren in good landing ara
Imited to attend. lty order of v. M.
WARREN N. DAVIS, M. D.,
lUysuinn ami Surgeon,
Graduate of fuo T'nlversityof Piuiikj lvania.
OFriCK AT CI.IFP HotSE.
CAN BY, OREO OX,
lMiysi iaii ;ml Jrnis.
Prescriptions carefully hlled at short notice.
DR. JOHN WELCH,
OFFICE IX OKEclON CITY OREGON.
Highest cash price paid for County Orders.
E. L. EASTMAN,
A T T O It X I : V -AT- Ia A .
OnEGON CITY, OREGON.
Special attuntion Riven to business iu the I S
Olllce iu .Myer's Brick.
JOHNSON & McCOWN,
ATTORNEYS and COUNSELORS AT LAW
OREGON CICY, OREGON.
Will practice in all the Court of the State
Special attention Riven to canes in the United
State" I-d OHice at Oregon City. Gapr'Ti tf
O t. V. V. AtlP. GEOBCK A. IIABDISO.
WARD & HARDING,
Driasts ana Ajiotlecaries
KEEP CONSTANTLY OX HAND A OEXERVL
Drugs anil ClifMiifoaK,
I'rrfuBirrT, Won pa.
-r Brae, "mVZM
tm WIMS AND LIQUORS FOR
PATENT MEDICINES, ETC, ETC.
i,!!.b,,'1ll;,'n8' Prescriptions carefully com
pounded, nd. 11 orders correctly angered.
V. Open at all hours of the night
UoU.ltf WARDS HARDING.
W. H. HICHFIELD,
l'NtiibllNhcd mIiwo vn.
One door North of Pope's Hall
M T.. OHKUOX HTV. OKKIJOX.
Seh TWrt,U f ,"'. Jewelry, and
e wTr, ."", ? VUht CltH"k"- of vs hichS
O an ,e'1 to,be " ',Pr,nted. eViB
2 fo?p.T.'t":n,aUe " Rh0rt UOU-. ' "-""KS
'nli lall lr ( omity Orders.
JOHN M. BACON,
aB. A LI U IN
.v, 1 1 r KAHtS. MOILDIXO8 AND M1SCEL
Fit AJIKS MIIIK TO OK O Kit.
OttF.OOS ClTT. OKKUOX.
r At the Tost Office. Main. Street, west side.
A. C. WALLINC'S
Xioncer Itook Itindery
Pittock's Building, cor. of Stark and Front Sts ,
1LAXK BOOKS RULED AND BOUND TO ANY
v d Pattcrn- Music Btnks. Magazines,
Newspapers, etc.. bound in everv variety or stvle
known to th tra.le. Orders from the country
promptly attended to. novl, "75-tf '
OREGON CITY BREWERY.
Having purchased the above Brewerv ""EE1
.TriL to inforu h public that thev afeihE,
uurii.,,v"P"r'd to 'otr. a So. lJgS
OF LAGER BEER,
lf ?-C .n V" oned anywhere in the State.
Orders soltc.ted and promptly filled.
BHS8... DESCRIPTION FOR
hale at thisofflce. Justices of the Pveace can
Eet.anytniBg in their line. mace can
How the tide flows.
How tho wind blows,
How the time goes.
Ami this is our life and all that it bears
Till death comes and snatches us up unawares,
vVbo would have thought it ? Nobody cares.
IV THE WOOIW.
Every hollow full of ferns.
Turning yellow in their turns:
Straggling brambles fierce and wild,
fielding berries to the child ;
Oakballs tumbling from the tree,
Bsuch-rints dropping silently.
Host of leaves come dowm to die
Le-.vin? openings to the sky;
Bl-.ebells. foxgloves gone to seed.
Everything to death decreed;
Nothing left of flowers or buds,
Snch is autunm in the woods.
The human heart has hidden treasures.
In secret kept, in silence sealed ;
The thoughts, the hopes, the dreams, the pleas
ures. Whoso charms were broken if revealed.
And days may pats in gay confusion
And nights iu rosy riot llv.
Whilo lost in fame or wealth's illusion.
The memory of the past may die.
But there are hours of lonely musing.
Such as in eveuinj silence come,
Wheu, soft as birds iheir pinions closing.
The heart's best feelings gather home.
Then in our souls there seems to languish
A tender grief that is not woe;
And thoughts that once wrung groans of anguish
Xow cause but some wild teats to flow.
And feelings once as strong as passions.
Float softly back, a faded dream ;
Our own sharp griefs and wild sensations
The tales cf other's sufferings seem.
Oh I When tho heart is freshly bleeding.
How longs it for the time to be.
When through the mist of years receeding.
Its woes but live iu revery.
And it can dwell on moonlight glimmer.
On evening shade aud loneliness ;
And, while the kky grows dim and dimmer.
Fuel no untold and dim distress
Only a deeper impulse given
By lonuly hour aud darkened room,
To some solemn thoughts that soar to Heaven.
Kecking a life and world to come.
THE WOMAN WHO DID NOT
AN EXPOSE OF OUR BEST SOCIETY.
Tt was a rainy night, an J Harry L
and Joe II , and several other men
about town, literateursc id ovine genus,
were gathered together around a cosy
firo at a litei-ary club. They were
smoking and imbibing, and otherwise
enjoying creature comforts, tho sense
of luxury and ease being greatly en
hanced by tlio consciousness that, as
J00 said, "it was as nasty outside as a
soeietv drama, adapted from tho
After a while, as tho night waxed and
the wine went round, the men began to
enliven the hours by telling stories, and
finally it came to tho turn of Harry
Hartley, a popular society man, to en
tertain the company, which he did, by
tho narrating of a society experience of
his, as follows:
"I was always fond, as you all know,
of passing an cveaing socially, at the
houses of my married friends not par
ticularly, I suppose, because they wore
marrioil, certainly I never made love to
my friend's wives but because I had
no heme of my own, and enjoyed, and
perhaps envied, the homes of others.
Well, among tho houses I most fre
quently and familiarly visited, was that
of a collego friend, whom perhaps some
present may know, and whom, there
fore, I shall call by the fictitious name
of Herbert Charley Herbert.
"Now, Herbert was a handsome fel
low, tall, broad chested, a Hercules in
strength, yet with a faco regular in its
outlines as any girl's a perfect blonde.
IIo was a clever fellow, too, a good talk
er, had traveled abroad, and had seen
lifo extensively. He was a broker, and
had the reputation of being "well oiF,"
and his house, on a side street near
Broadway, was luxmiously appointed,
though small and comparatively unos
tentatious. "He had married a very handsome
woman, a petite brunette of the Parisian
type, though sho had nover seen Paris.
She was very piquent and graceful, and
was, as you may imagine, very general
ly admired among tho large circle of
gentlemen who found her husband's
nouse a pieasani place to visit.
"Charley was very fond of plating
cards euchre being his favorite game
and many was the game I played and
lost in his hospitable parlor. The stakes
in tho game were often quite heavy,
aud although, of course luck varied,
and Herbert's side lost occasionally,
yet as a rule, he won, and his winnings
must have amounted to a large yearly
aggregate. He generally plaved with
his brother llliam as partner an ar
rangement which was natural enough in
itself, and to which few objected, . as
William himself was but an indifferent
player, whatever real skill there was
being concentrated in his brother.
"For a year or two I kept up tho hab
it of calling at Herbert's house twice a
week, whenever in town
the greater part of the evening in play
ing cards. I enjoyed these evenings
very much, and as we always partook
of some light refreshment, furnished
by our host, and as we always wound up
the evening with a little music, Mrs. 11.
being an artist upon the piano, I never
paused to think that, at least three eve
nings out of four I departed financially
a loser. After all, I was only sharing
the fate of half a score of other visitors
at Herbert's house, and they all seemed
satisfied all but one all but Wright
Cochrane but no one in particular
liked Wright Cochrane, or cared for
w hat he thought or what he said.
"As for me. my chief regret was that
our hostess, the pretty, piquant wife of
Charley Herbert, did not enjoy the
game of which her husband was so
fond. I had often, in the early stages
of our acquaintance, asked her to play
with me as my partner, but she had al
ways declined, stating that she knew
little of the game and cared for it less.
Toothers, who in their turn had asked
for the same favor, she returned the
same answer, so that it became to be an
understood tiling with our little circle,
that Mrs. Herbert was to be let alone
whilo we played cards, so as to be free
to entertain any stragglers who might
drop in, or to watch the game, occasion
ally inspecting our 'hands' with a child
less, caroless freedom that we all loved,
and which, in itself, was perfectly harm
less, as she did not 'herself play, or in
any way affect the game.
" 'I don't see how Herbert wins so
regularly, almost systematically,' said
Wright Cochrane, " one night, on his
way to the Union Club, having, as usu
al, lost about fifty dollars at cards at
Herbert's. ' I don't believe in the fel
low,' continued Cochrane, ' and I have
watchod him closely; but I can swear
he don't cheat; he is not smart enough.
No, he plays fair, but there is some
trickery somewheres; his cursed good
luck is too good to be natural. Well, I
have made np my mind what to do,' he
muttered, as he turned into tho club.
" The next card-evening at Herbert's,
Cochrane asked permission to bring
with him, at some future occasion, an
intimate personal friend from Roches
ter, whom ke wished to introduce un
der favorable auspices to New York so
ciety. The permission was, of course,
readily granted, and within the follow
ing week Cochrane had increased our
party by the addition of the gentleman
" The stranger was a quiet and rath
er a dull man, evidently a country mer
chant, or something of that sort, hard
ly the sort of man we would have sup
posed Wright Cochrane to have been
intimate with. Hut there is no account
ing for tastes in this world ; and so we
contented ourselves with being civil to
the taciturn personage.
"Charley Horbert, however, seemed
to conceive a a great liking for the
countryman, probably because the lat
ter, although he played euchre badly,
seemed very fond of it, and lost his
money with complacency. Mrs. Her
bert did net appear to share her lord
and master' partiality for tho new-comer,
and rather avoided him rather un
grateful, too, on hor part, as tho coun
try merchant seemed to take great in
terest in her, and watched her closely
whenever he didn't think himself to be
" Was the bumpkin really fascinated
with the town-bred graces of Mrs. Her
bert, I wondered? Such things have
been; opposites attract ofttimes; and
certainly tho awkward, silent country
trader was tho very antipodes of the
brilliant society lady who had married
" Tho gentleman from Rochester
called several times, played several
games, and lost them all. Then all at
once ho seemed to weary of euchre, and
preferred to sit by and look on, watch
ing and noticing Mrs. Horbert very
closely whenever he could do so with
out attracting attention.
" This state of affairs lasted for some'
time; finally it was determined by Mr.
and Mrs. Herbert to give an entertain
ment on an extensive scale, at thoir
residence a formal party and among
others Wright Cochrane and his friend
from Rochester were invited. although it
must be confessed that Mrs. H. feebly
protested against the courtesy being
tendered to the latter gentleman.
"Her objections were superfluous;
however, for tho gentleman from Koch
ester, through Mr. Wright Cochrane,
expressed politely his regrets at being
unable to be present on tho festive oc
casion regrets which were received by
Mrs. II . with ill-concealed delight.
"Tho night of the party arrived iu
due order of date, and tho guests of
the evening composed qnite a brilliant
" Among the earliest comers was
Wright Cochrane, and I was struck
with .somo peculiarity in his appear
ance that night which botokoned nerv
ousness, or, as it wero. a sense of some
thing about to happen.
" For a wonder ho was particularly
polite to his fair hostess. Mrs. II., and
succeeded in causing her to laugh
heartily at some of his sallies a very
unusual thing with Wright Cochrane.
" During the evening, euchre, of
courso, was proposed and accepted, and
V right Cochrane made one of the
quartette, the other three embracing
Charley Herbert and his brother (who
were partners) and my humble self.
" My side won the first two games,
then Herbert's side came to the front
and won for half an hour or so several
games in succession.
"Looking ni from my cards about
mid-night, I saw with surprise that the
gentleman from Rochester, spite his
previous apologies, did ' put in an ap
7earanee." I also noticed with increas
ing surprise that he entered quietly, al
most secretly, avoiding paying his re
spects to the hostess, who sat by the
card-table, watching onr game, in her
usual careless, semi-childish way, that
he exchanged meaning glances with my
partner Wright Cochrane; and that ul
timately he seated himself at some dis
tance from the card-table, facing a pier
glass, in which he could seo what was
going on at the card-table, though him
" I said nothing, of course, but like
the Irishman's owl, .kept up a devil of
a thinking,' flirting occasionally in ft
very mild way with pretty, piquant
Mm. Herbert, who sat distract uigly
near me, looking at my ' hand.'
"When, suddenly, at a certain myste
rious sign from the gentleman from
Rochester, Wrright Cochrane arose from
the table, flung down his cards, refused
to play any more, and said something
(I really forget the exact words, I wa
so astonished,) about 'being cheated.
"Charley Herbert sprung np like a.
lion, all the Hercules in hiau seemed to
be rampant, but a look full into Her
bert Cochrane's face, and something
that Herbert saw, or suspected to be
there, strangely overcame his temper,
and made him look and act much more
like a detected sharper than a gentle
man wrongfully charged with swindling:
" 'Do you accuse me of cheating at
cards?' stammered ont Herbert at last
addressing Wright Cochrane.
" Yes. I do that is to say I do not,"
answered Cochrane. 'I accuse you of
being in league, he continued, 'with
a person now in this room, who gives
you information as to the cards your
antagonist holds, while yon avail your
self of this information
'The charge is preposterous !' said
Herbert, but slowly and mechanically;
who is mv colleague in this knavery,
" 'Your wife there,' replied Wright
Cochrane, pointing with his fingtr to
Mrs. Herbert, who now rose to her feet,
then writhing, fell into a chair, hiding
her palo face in her delicate ringed
" 'My wifo repeated Charley Her
bert, bnt not as an indignant gentleman
would repeat such a charge. 'My wife,
he uttered in a low tone of voice, like
a man stunned and dazed.
" 'Yos, your wife,' re-echoed Wright
Cochrane, while he beckoned to one
gentleman from Rochester to approach.
' 'This man,' said Wright Cochrane,
'is not from Rochester, bnt from the
Central Police Station, New York. He
is a detective, and has defeated your
little game. You are simply a pair of
swindlers, and I want my money back
the money you and your wife have
won from-me at different times. It
amounts to over 1,500.'
"Startled as I naturally was at this
revelation, I felt a sincere pity for Her
bert's pretty wife, a pity as genuine as
tho contempt I experienced for her hus
band. The poor woman was completely
oowed cowed with the consciousness
of guilt thore could be no doubt of
that I saw that at once. But guilty
how? Guilt, in what way? What was
her part in the nefarious arrangement?
That was what I was curious to know,
and my curiosity was evidently shared
by tho majority of tho wondering peo
'In a few moments the bogus 'gen
tleman from Rochester' had 'explained.'
"He had noticed in the course of the
games he had playod and the games
that he had seen played at Herbert's
house, that whenever the stakes were
heavy, that is to say, whenever Her
bert's side won, that his wife sat by
looking at the players and making sig
nals of some sort to her husband.
"Ry a series of observations, the de
tective had determined what those sig
nals were; ho had developed their key;
ho had discovered their code.
"When hearts were to bo played by
her husband, to win, then the lady's lit
tle hand toyed gently with a locket on
her breast. When diamonds were need
od, she touched, or in some manner
brought to her husband's notice, a
diamond ring on her fourtli finger.
When clubs wore required, she made a
trifling motion with her hand, as though
to double up her tiny fist. And when
spades were to be produced, then she
made a motion of any kind whatever,
perfect stillness and quiescene being in
that case tho sufficient signal.
"Simple enough this system but so
simple and so well carried out, under
the circumstances, as to havo worked
successfully for years, and to have paid
during that period tho major portion of
tho cxponscs of Mr. and Mrs. Charles
"Rut after his expose tlm source of
livlihood failed; tho system ceased.
Wright Cochrane got his money back
and Herbet and his wife left New York
The Lesson of a Llfo.
Iu December, 1845, in the Depart
ment of tho Vogos, Xavier Thiriat, a
boy of ten, accompanied four young
girls of about the same age to tho
church. They had to cross a brook, over
which was placed a singlo loose plank.
The boy crossed safely, tho first girl
H'ho attempted it, fell in. Tho boy
jumped in, pulled hor out, and then,
walking in the water, guided each of
the girls across. Some time was lost
by this, and the party reached church
late. Xavier, ashamed of being late,
did not go up to the stove, but kept be
hind. He readied homeohilled, a dan
gerous disease followed, by which ho
was loft a complete cripple for life; his
only mode of moving about was on his
hands and knees, so completely were his
legs paralyzed and distroted. Coming of
very poor peoplo, there was every pros
pect that Thiriat would bo a heavy
charge to his family and a wretchod
burden to himself. Instead of this, he
reachod manhood bright, cheerful and
intelligent. Reading all the books he
could lay hold of, he was soon the best
educated man in his district,. and rapid
ly acquired extensive influence, which
was always used for good. He induced
the young people to read and study.
Some contributations to tho local news
paper, the Bcho de.t I 'osges, attracted at
tention and made him known, the result
ofiwLich was that further iutellectual op
portunities wero extended to him. lie
made himself a good botanist, meterolo
gist, instructed others in these branches,
and procured the foundation of several
local libraries, ne could not, however,
be satisfied without achieving his com
plete independence and earning his sup
port. He obtained the position of man
ager of tho telegraph at a neighboring
town, was made Secretary to the Mayor,
became a favorite correspondent of sev
eral agricultural papers, and received
the highest reward of the "Franklin
Society" its gold medal.
All this was accomplished by native
force of character and strong religious
feeling, under circumstances not mere
ly adverse, but at first absolutely hope
less. A horrible deformity, intense
suffering, absence of instruction, crush
ing poverty all these disabilities were
overcome unaided, and this ignorant and
crippled lad made himself the light, in
tellectual and moral, of his whole dis
trict. Public Ledger.
It appears from a Blue Book, just is
sued respecting the great cyclone and
storm wave which visited certain dis
tricts in Bengal on the morning of the
1st of November, 187G, that the total
number of persons drowned was 90,000,
and that the outbreak of cholera which
followed carried off 75.000, making a
total mortality of 165,000.
Odds and Ends.
Telephones are to bo used in the
Mme. Patti's first night at La Fen ice,
in Venice, brought 17,000 lire.
Rock candy and whisky is the great
Southern cure for consumption.
The oldest house in New England is
said to be in Guilford, Conn. It was
built in 1C39.
Thb yield of gold and silver in tho
States and Territories during the year
1877 was 95,500,000.
Iceland has sent 2,000 ponies to Eng
land during the year. Icelandio ponies
are used in British coal mines.
Liverpool has now decided upon get
ting water from Wales at a cost of 6,
-; Garland, Col., must be a nice, quiet
town. It ran j out the old year with
four murders, and rang in tho new with
Five tons of rocks containing impres
sions of bird and insect tracks hav9 been
taken from Wethersfield, Conn., to
Mount Holyoke Seminary.
Only twenty-five Chinamen remain
at Sampson's shoe factory, in North
Adams, Mass., and these are at work by
the case, "allee same as Melican man."
London must be a bad town to live in.
The danger of running plump against a
creditor in the fog is altogether too
A little girl in Syracuse, N. Y., died
in convulsions from drinking brandy
handed to her by her mother during the
night under the supposition that it was
Mr. Stanley is expected soon in Eng
land, where he will get out his book, in
which the infamies of tho slave trade
will be even more fully depicted than
by Lieut. Cameron.
An English clergyman says that the
chattering of the South African apes is
a language, and that, if he could live
long enough with them, he could learn
to understand and speak it.
A cave, supposed to be ar tramp's re
sort, has been disoovered at Waterbury,
Conn. It is thirteen feet deep and is
fitted up with a stove, chandelier, bunk
and other household convenieces.
Near Colorado Spring, Col., there
have recently been found more than
fifty varieties of petrified nuts, many of
hem belonging to a class which are now
only found in the tropics.
A young man in Saline county, Mo.,
attempted to kiss a pretty young widow
who was boarding in the same house
with him. In the scuffle the widow sud
denly thrust a finger into one of the
young man's eyes, destroying tho sight.
The Boston Board of Health has de
cided that diphtheria is a "diseaso dan
gerous to the publio health" within the
meaning of the statute, and physicians
are ordered to report all cases the same
as those of small-pox.
A curious headstone stands in the old
Mrying ground at Newport, R. I.,
which chronicles the death of a son and
daughter of William and Desire Tripp,
"also his wife's arm," amputated Feb
ruary 20, 187G. A representation of the
severed member is out upon the stone.
An able-bodied man in New Haven
was arrested for stealing a carpenter's
plane which he sold for eighteen cents,
lie convinced the court that ho com
mitted the crime as a last resource to
procure food for his starving family,
lie was dismissed and his immediate
Charles Francis Adams, Jr., declares
that the examination papers for admis
sion to Harvard College are "a disgrace
to the man who prepared them, a dis
graco to the institution which tolerates
them, and an outrage on the student,
who is subject to a process of cramming
that would be barbarous if applied to a
Tho price of a human Jaw at the seat
of war in Bulgaria is ten francs, more
or less, according to the regularity,
soundness and whiteness of the teeth.
In Paris tho quotation is 50 per cent,
higher at wholesale rates. The ghastly
wares aro conveyed thither in cases con
taieing 500, and then the teeth are ex
tracted. Silhouette was prime minister of
Franco about the middle of the last cen
tury. . He endeavored to restore tho
finanoes and fill the treasury by severe
economy. His prudent measures were
turned into ridicule by his enemies.
Coats were worn without sleeves.woodon
snuffboxes for gold, and portraits wero
drawn with profile only, to which wero
given tho term "Silhouettes.'
A physician of Rochester Bays that
the girU of that town are vory pretty,
and they grow in grace and loveliness
until they are about eighteen or twenty,
when they get pale, sickly looking and
faded, "going all to pieces" at twenty,
six. Among the causes of their deteri
oration he enumerated the lack of exer
cise in the open air, the wearing of veils
that interfere with breathing, tight lac
ing, round dances and too much study.
Sheridan, to test tho acoustic quali
ties of a new theatre he had to baild,
desired the carpenter to speak on the
stage, while he would go and listen to
him from tho gallery. " Now, then,"
said Sheridan, when he had ascended.
The carpenter responded: "land my
mates havo been working here for the
last six weeks, and we should like to
seethe color of vour honor's money!"
"That will do,""said Sheridan; "the
acoustics are perfect."
Kent, a very eminent architect and
layer out of grounds and gardens, be
came so much the rage in England in
the last century that he was called upon
to give designs for every conceivable
sort of thing, and two great ladies on
one occasion even insisted that he
should design their dresses. Accord
ingly one was decorated with columns
of the five chief orders of architecture.
and the other's attire was supposed to
be an imitation of bronze" with gold or
What tho Harvest Was.
HOW THE BIOHTEOCS COULD NOT STAND
ON SLIPrERX PLACES A VALUABLE
HINT T ALL AFFLICTED WITH SUR
Most good boys die young. This is a
beautiful provision of nature. When
we read a memoir of a truly good
small boy, and think how unutterably
tedious he must have beon, and how
much his parents must have suffered
from his incapacity to thrill them with
the crash of furniture and the sweet
music of the tin horn, we can scarcely
feel too thankful that he is securely
Rev. Mr. Sawyer, of West Brookfield,
Vermont, possesses a unique treasure
in the person of a small boy whose in
ventive powers and dovotion to his pa
rents have rarely been paralleled.
In Northern Vermont that peculiar
form of a social outrage known as a
"surprise party," but of late commonly
called a "Bulgarian atrocity," is still
lamentably frequent.. On a cold even
ing in the first week of the present
month, Mr. Sawyer and his family were
seated quietly by their social hearth,
enjoying one another's Bociety. The
clergyman was reading aloud the Bish
op's pastoral letter; his wife was busily
calculating how to cut up her husband's
old overcoat so as to supply him with a
now waistcoat, herself with a new over
skirt, and Master Sawyer with a new pair
of trousers, while that excellent small
boy was reading the improving advent
ures of an eminent pirate, and wonder
ing whether he would ever bo able to
emulate them. Not one of the family
was prepared to receive visitors. Mr.
Sawyer had on his dressing-gown and
slippers; Mrs. Sawyer had let down her
back hair to give freedom to her mental
processes, and Master Sawyer had tem
porarily slipped off his trousers to sup
ply his mother with a pattern, while she
wrapped the hearth-rug about him.
Suddenly, and without the least warn
ing, more than four dozen people of all
kinds and sexes, including men, wo
men, reformers and theological stu
dents, burst into the room, carrying
cake and devastation with them, Master
Sawyer fled howling; the clergyman
pushed back his spectacles, and tried
to smile a ghastly smile; and his heroic
wife, by hurriedly twisting her baok
hair with both hands, and holding her
comb between her teeth, managed to
avoid uttering the welcome which the
invaders expected, but which her con
science forbade her to express.
The marauders conducted themselves
after the usual custom of their kind.
They conversed with one another with
great hilarity, ignoring the sufferings
of the clergyman and his wife. They
spread their cake upon the table, and
devouring it without plates, scattered
the crumbs over the new carpet. One
young man, having laid a large piece of
jelly-cake on the sofa, subsequently sat
down on it. After having reduced the
furniture to that state of grease that it
was no longer safe to sit down, the mis
creants gathered around the piano and
sang "What Shall tho Harvest Be?" un
til Mr. Sawyer, mild as ho was, regret
ted that ho could not take a sharp
scythe and reap an immediate and
While these blood-curdling outrages
were in progress in the parlor, the good
small boy kept himself carefully out of
the room. He was not, however, wast
ing his time in idle rage. He, too,
heard tho melodious inquiries as to the
harvest, and remarked to himself that
they wonld find out all about the har
vest if they would only wait a few min
utes. Meanwhile, he was busily engag
od in carrying pails of water and empty
ing them on the front step and along
the walk leading from the front door to
the gate. The night was cold, and the
water froze rapidly. Under his admir
able management the ioe acquired an
unusually slippery character, and when
the work was thoroughly done, the
small boy retired to the second story
front window and waited for tho sur
prise party to break up.
The moon was at the full, and shone
brightly when the first pair of miscre
ants the young man who sat on the
jelly-cake and a heavy young lady to
whom he was affianced issued from the
front door, and instantly sat down with
tremendous emphasis. Close behind
them camo the rest of the raiders, who
with one accord strewed themselves
over tho ground, until in some places
they were collected threo or four deep.
The shrieks of the ladies and the
stronger remarks of the men filled the
air. No sooner would a struggling
wretch regain his feet than ho would
sit down again with renewed violence.
The affrighted clergyman and his wife
gazed with wonder at the appalling
spectacle, and the good small boy never
ceased to sing "What Shall tho Harvest
Be" at the top of his lungs interspers
ing that stirring hjnin with a wild
"whoop" whenever a particularly bril
liant pair of stockings waved in the air.
Although only three persons sustain
ed fatal injuries, there was scarcely a
member of the party who escaied with
out more or less serious wounds, either
of body or clothing. It is generally
believed that there will never be another
surprise party in Brookfield, and it is
under contemplation among middle
aged house-holders to present Master
Sawyer with a service of marbles and a
life membership in the Foreign Mis
sionary Society, as a testimonial of their
esteem and gratitude. JVew York
Thk natural pearl banks of Ceylon are
threatened with rivals by the establish
ment of artificial beds, where the breed
ing and rearing of pearl-bearing oysters
may Imj carried on like any ordinary oc
cupation. Snch at least, is the prospect
opened up by the experiments of Lieut.
Mariot of the French Navy, who has
proved that this species of bivalve will
both produce pearls and reproduce its
species quite as well in captivity as in
the open sea.
The Bankrupt City of Floronoo, Italy.
The grievances of the Florentine citi
zens have lately becomo so urgent that
the Italian Chamber is considering how
they can bo relieved. The greatness of
the Kingdom has been the ruin of its
former capital. When the Government
was installed there the municipality
launched ont into every kind of extrav
agance, a sum of 100,000,000 florins was
borrowed and spent in a manner that
showed more taste than prudence. The
city borrowed on tho security of the im
posts, but the taxes dwindled when the
seat of the capital was shifted to Rome.
The events of 1870 progressed so rapid
ly that even M. Crispi, who headed the
party which took for its war cry "Rome
or death," found himself entirely out of
his calculations. The splendid palace
which he built himself in Florence had
to be abandoned, and was sold for a
quarter of what it cost. The population
has been reduced by 50,000 of the resi
dents, who havo carried to Romo tho
rank, the luxury and the wealth which
are always attracted to a capital. Flor
ence, destitute of rich inhabitants and
saddled with uu enormous debt, finds
herself on the ove of bankruptcy. Vic
tor Emanuel did indeed, promise to ac
complish ono splendid work for his re
cent capital, and the great pile which
Brunelleschi commenced more than 500
years ago will be fronted with white
marble, as its architect designed. The
municipal authorities have done all they
can, but increased taxation is only driv
ing trade from tho city, and still thd
debt is unsatisfied. The failure would
have been irretrievable but that the
Government advanced on its own re
sponsibility, a sum of 3,000,000 livro to
meet the most urgent demands. Bat
the dole of such sums only defers the
evil day. A bill is introduced to ren
der such aid as may bo prompt and sum -cient.
The claims of Florence in this
respect are stronger than those of Tu
rin, though that city has suffered from
similar misfortunes. It was the unsel
fish conduct of the Florentines whioh .
practically secured monarchical unity
for Italy in 1859. It depended on her
to fix the triumph of the federal sys
tem, and she sacrificed her own inter
ests to the feelings of the rest of the na
tion. In her appeal now to the nation
for aid her claims must in the end be
recognized, though the tide of politics
and party feeling may delay the aid that
is so cruelly needed.
Lord Byron and 'Walter Soett.
In a sermon preached to children at
Westminister Abbey, not long sinee,
from the text, "Is it well with the
child ? And she answered, 'It is well.' "
in the eourse of his remarks the Dean
said: "Those who had read the 'Heir
of Redcliffe' would remember that at
the beginning of the story there was a
sickly boy, Charlie, who was fretful and
peevish, but that there came into the
house another boy, full of life, and also
full of generosity and unsolfish kind
ness, and the sickly and selfish boy be
gan to turn over a new leaf, and his
character was transformed as the story
wont on; he still remained a suffering
cripplo, but he became the stay and
support of the house. This was an im
aginary story of what mijht happen,
bnt he would tell them of what had
happened. Lord Byron and Sir Walter
Scott had the same kind of misfortune,
being lame with what was called a club
foot, or something very like it. Bnt
what a different effect that lamo foot
produced. Lord Byron, was a bad, sel
ish boy, was made by his club foot dis
contented and angry with overy one
about him. It went into his soul like
iron; it poisoned his heart; it set him
against mankind, and this spread over
his whole character. He became a
splendid genius, but it was a genius
blackened and discolored by hatred,
malioe, uncharitableness, and the deep
est unhappiness. Walter Scott, on the
other hand, never lost his kindness and
cheerfulness; his lame foot made him
turn to the reading of old books and to
the enjoyment of beautiful sights and
sounds about him, and he also grew up
to be a great poet, and to be the writer
of stories which would live in every
age and in every country. He was a
delight to everyone who camo across
him, and even when he was at last over
taken by heavy misfortune, he never
lost his loving, generous disposition.
The lameness which in Byron had leen
what St. Paul called a savior of death
unto death, beoamo in Walter Scott a
lesson to all children who were siekly
and suffering. Let them not think that
they were without a purpose in lite,
that they could not be useful,-" that
everything went against them. -They
could be useful in many ways, and
could show that happiness did not de
pend on good things to eat, or on active
games, but on a contented, thankful
Thb History of Church Pews. In
the early days of Anglo-Saxon and some
of the Norman churches, a stone bencti
running round the interior of the
church, except tho east side, was the
only sitting accommodation for the vis
itors. Ia 1319 the people are represent
ed as sitting on the ground or standing.
A little later the people introduced low,
three legged stools promiscuously over
the church. Soon after the Norman
Conquest wooden seats were introduced.
In 1387 a decree was issued in regard to
the wrangling for seats, so common,
that none should call any seat in
chnrch his own, except noblemen or
patrons, each entering and holding
the one he first found. From 1540 to
1580 seats were more appropriated. In
1608 galleries were introduced, and as
early as 1614 pews were arranged to af
ford comfort by being baizedor cush
ioned, while the sides around were so
high as to hide the occupants a device
of the Puritans to avoid being seen by
the officers, who reported those who
did not stand when the name Jesus
Mints Meat The dollar of our fath
ers. Boston Advertiser.
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