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About Oregon City enterprise. (Oregon City, Or.) 1871-188? | View Entire Issue (March 8, 1877)
Iron in Railway Structures.
During the first few days after the dis
aster to the Ashtabula bridge, there ap
peared, frequent and very pitive state
ments in many newspapers to the effect
that extreme cold always made iron brit
tle. Oa the other band, a few equally
positive statements were made, based
upon certain European experiments, af
firming that the strength of wrougat
iron was not in the least reduced by cold.
The Tribune mentioned at the tira.3 the
results of certain experiments ia th:s
country. From these it seams evident
that bad iron may become brittle in coUl
weather, while there i9 little if any danger
of the kind with the best of iron. The
testimony thus far obtained at the inquest
and before the Legislative Committee,
furnishes already a variety of explana
tions respecting the disaster. There is
some evidence that a part of the wrecked
train was oft' the track; some evidence
that the plan of the bridge was of doubt
ful merit, it being an attempt to substi
tute irou for wood in a method of con
struction for which wood would be better
suited ; some evidence that the bridge,
after the metal was furnished, was put in
place or "erected" by an ignorant aud in
competent man ; and some evidence that
after the budge was built and tested, it
was allowed to fall to pieces through the
culpable neglect of the railroad c:injiny.
Anyone or all these circumstances, if
proved, may afford reason enough for the
ruin of the undue, without any ou- stum
as to the iron which it was ma.Je of: but
the fact will remain that a large propor
tion of the public puts only a doubting
faith in iron bridges, and really thinks
them danirerou3 when thev have stooJ
many years, and especially during frosty
It mrely happens that a deep-rooted
popular belief is wholly mistaken. It is
moie than like'y to be founded in a half
truth. lieu tanners haiiir their new
tcytlies outside the barn, in order thatihe
steel may rust ana tncreuy improve us
tanner: when for a similar rta-son some
workmen bury their tools in the earth
while not in use; when a blacksmith
picks the oldest iron in his shop for the
choicest work, there U certainly evidence,
so far as popular belief can be alleged as
tts'.imony, that age and exposure im
prove the metal, ilen who have studied
the subject give a reason for the improve
ment ot iron or steel in such instances;
they say that the impurities of the metal
are brought to the surface and thrown off
by slow rusting. Prof. Thurston has
cited the instance of the rails on the Cam
den and Amboy road, laid down in 1802.
They were then brittle and of poorquality.
Taken up in recent years thej were found
to be excellent stutf, aud when sent to
the rolling mi. Is furnished bar iron
of unusual excellei.ee. Tuis and simi
lar instances seem to set at naught
the theory that the vibration of pas
sing trains causes iron after a while
to crystallize. Hubert Stephenson
and John A. lloebling distinctly recorded
their disbelief in the crystallization
theory. William Faii bairn, on the other
hand, yielded a modified assent to it after
opposing it. Hut the report of the Hoos
ac Tuunel Commissioners presented a
fact that could not be set aside. The
rock-drilling engines used in that work
gradually began to fail in strength. Af
ter the metals used in those machines
had sfiven millions upon millions of
blows, they began to granulate, and
lose cohesiveuess. In certain French
experiments which combiued torsion
with shock, it was found that 12!),
000 blows had no perceptible effect
upon a new axle; 338,000 blows caused a
change in texture that was seen by the
naked eve; after 78,000,000 shocks the
metal, when broken, was found to be
scaly within, like pewter. A testing
machine," long used ia the Navy Yard at
"Washington, aud fitted to bear a strain of
300 tons, broke down at last with only
100 tons. Its fracture showed well de
Against such facts are to be put proofs
positive that iron tested by Prof. Thurs
ton aud by Commander Beardslee in
widely differing experiments gaiued
strength and absolutely stiffened under
strain. In one of the Iijardslee experi
ments iron that broke under a strain of
08,000 pounds was so improved by its
treatment that it sustained 88,000 with--out
fracture on the following day.
Equally conflicting is the evidence about
the effect of cold. The late Mr. Iioebling
kept samples of iron in snow and
ice for a lengthened period, and
tested them while cold, both by
weights and blows, without finding the
least deterioration of strength. The
lltdlroad Commissioners of Massachusetts,
in thtir report for 1874, scout the idea
that cold makes iron or steel brittle, and
declare that it is not the rule that the
most breakages occur on the coldest
days. German railway statistics for 1870
give, however, two-fi fibs more axles brok
en in the cold than in the warm half of
the year. In Wood's treatise on the re
sistance of metals, whe.e most of the
foregoing facts are st ited, there are men
tioned several curious instances of
the sudden breakage of iron, and
an abstract is given of the exper
iments of Mr. fcJandberg, of London,
which showed that ordinary iron rails
had at 10 dcg. Fah. only a third
or fourth of the strength they possessed
at 84 deg. We have cited experiments
which seem at first sight square
ly contradictory, and it must be ad
mitted that much yet remains to be
learned before either view can be held
with certaiuty. Out of the mass of evi
dence one fact alone remains unquestion
able: that the best of irou and steel is the
least likely to give way under strains,
shocks or chauges ot temperature. N.l
The Northwest Passage. A Swed
ish mineralogist and explorer claims to
have discovered the long looked-for pas
sage irom Europe to Asia by way ot the
i oiar cea. lie is a i'roiessor, and a
member of the Jury of Award at the
Ct-nteuuial Exhibition, and had previous
ly projected this Siberian trip, leaving
this country for Sweden last June for
that purpose. He sailed from Sweden in
August ou his tour of discovery.aud now
claims to have found an open way to the
Arcuc ioea. lie reports mat ue encoun
tered no obstacles, and now considers
the waiy opon from Europe to China, by
the Northern pa-sage and the valley tf
the lennesei river, by which river com
munication is obtaiued across Siberia aud
nearly to the frontier of China. In this
newly discovered region was found an
immense area of fertile soil, all of it fit
for immediate cultivation. This is to be
classed as the latest great geographical
discovery, the other ones relatiug to the
interior ot Africa.
Artificial violets are sold in Paris
to a great extent. They resemble the
natural ones, and have the same per
fume. They are made of Chinese silk.
A Sorrowful Tale.
James Stockton lived in u small town
in .Lngland. Work was very scarce.
and he, with many others, felt that he
could not remain long as lie was. The
fever to go to America had penetrated
the little village, and many were sell
ing what little they ha 1 at a sacrifice to
get means to come to this country, where
tney tnought alt was prosperity, btock
ton had a brother who had gone to the
United States, and was -reported as do
ing well. lie determined to hunt him
up, and, if work was plenty, to send for
his family. Although he had no idea of the
size of the country to which he was going,
and did not know w here his brother was lo
cated, he thought it would be a very
eisy matter to tiud him. lie soon dis
covered his mistake.
After wandering about for some time
he finally found good employment in a
place not fur from Cleveland. Time
passed and he gave up all hope of find
ing his brother, and prepared to return
to his family in England. One day a
fellow-workman asked his name, telling
him that a man named William Stockton
was a neighbor to him. Stockton felt
that he had found his long-lost brother,
and was so rejoiced that he could not j
finish hi- day's work. lie found his
brother comfortably situated with a family
u round him, and it made him long to
hive his dear ones, also, come.- He
wrote to have them prepare, as he would
send passage tickets in a short time.
He procured the tickets and was
about to send them, when he received a
letter from England. It was a long and
affectionate message from his wife, tell
ing him that she was all ready to come,
aud would bring to him a little child
four months old, born to them after his
departure from home. She spoke of
the joy she would have In making the
journey, knowing that she would soon
see him. The poor woman little thought
that her journey of life was near over.
At the end of the letter were a few lines
Irom his oldest child, a girl ntteen years
oi ujre, liiiorminjj mm mat, on the next
morning after her mother had written
the letter, the children heard the little
babe cry ing, and, as the mother's voice
was not heard, one ot them went to see
what was the matter, and found the
mother dead in bed with the child clasped
in her arms. This left the care of five
small children to this girl of fifteen years,
and she asked her father what she
should do. As he had a good situation
here, he decided to have them come. -
The little nurse started with - her
She knew nothing of traveling
consequently her difficulties were
many. hen one or two days out on
the ocean the babe took sick, aud all the
others were more or less seasick. As
the child grew worse, she applied to the
physician for medicine. He ordered
her to give the child a warm bath each
morning. She went to the cook for the
warm water,only to be gruffly ordered off,
with the remark that he had no time to
trouble with the matter. Kepeated at
tempts proved uo better, and being too
timid to apply to others for aid, she
could do nothing for the little sufferer.
New York was reached at last, and she
thought her journey almost over. The
children were delighted with the thought
that they would soon see their father. But
a two days' journey on the cars still
The babe grew worse, and on the last
day it died in her arms. She dared not
tell any one of the fact, for fear the
child would be taken away from her and
then her father could not see it. The
train made a longer stop than usual at a
certain place, and the children went out
onjthe platform for exercise. A lady,
noticing so mauy children alone, went
and talked with them. She drew aside
the cloak from the little one's face and
saw it was dead. The poor girl begged
so piteously that she might be allowed
to take it the few more miles she had to
go, that a small coffin was procured and
the dead babe laid in it. the children
started once more on their way, the
young nurse carrying the coffiu on
The father was reached in due time at
the home of his brother, and the poor
child laid the little coffin on the floor
aad gave herself up to her long pent
grief, telling through her tears how
much she had suffered and how she had
prayed that she might bring the babe
alive to her father.
Such was the experience of James
Stockton. It was a sad trial for him,
but he is comforted with the thought that
such a noble daughter is spared to
him. Cleveland Leader.
Readers of Dickens undoubtedly re
member the genial Boffin, or "golden
dustman," whose enormous wealth was
gathered from the dust-heaps of London,
aud therefore know their worth. Owing
to the carelessness of servant girls and
unthrifty housewives, many articles of
value find their way thither; but the
chief value of the dust is to be found in
the lumps of coal rescued by the hill
women. These poor creatures it is a
shame women are so employed sieve in
hand, eliminate the coal lumps, while the
ciuders and half-burnt fuel are thrown
aside for the manufacture of bricks. The
coal itself is sold to the poor, who are
only too thankful to buy it at reduced
rates. The value of the coal refuse in
the metropolis is the dust-contractor's
chief profit; but there are a score of other
matters which his diligent agents collect.
The hill-women, with amazing rapidity,
collect these around them in different
heaps rags, old p-.per, bones, crockery,
glass, old iron, aud other metals, etc.
The money they find they are allowed to
keep themselves, the rags, of course, o-o
to make paper; so do the clean pieces of
paper. Papier mache ornaments are
made from old printed newspapers.
Bones do duty in many ways. Those
which come from cooked meat go imme
diately to the boiling houses, where any
residual fat and gelatiue they c m yield is
extracted. The fat, of course, -oes to
make soap, and the gelatine for making
the transparent packets used for various
chemical preparations, aud for cosmetics.
The bone itself subserves a hundred use
ful purposes. The turners mainly em
ploy it, when in sufficiently large pieces;
the smaller make the fine animal char
coal, and, lastly, it is ground down, and,
by the agency of sulphuric acid, it is
transposed into superphosphate manure;
and lives again in luxuriant vegetation.'
Glass is carefully preserved for renieltino-.
Old medicine bottles are cleansed and
sold as new. Metals of all sorts are val
uable "finds," especially brass and cop
per, broken portions of ornaments, the
remnants of children's toys, etc. Woolen
rags are used for the famous shoddy cloth
Old boots and shoes go to the cobbler
who transform them into apparentlv new'
Thus everything i3 utilized.
A bad breath the breath of calumny.
The Whisky Rebellion.
In 1790 there were nearly 5,000 public
and private whisky stills in Pennsylvania.
The private stills were the property of
farmers who worked up their surplus rye
and corn into whisky, and by thus reduc
ing its bulk made it available as an arti
cle of commerce. Corn juice was at that
time as much a staple article of consump
tion as beef, pork or flour. Everybody
drank whisky. Almost everybody im
bibed with an unclouded conscience. The
preacher warmed his rhetoric with alittle
old rye, and the good deacon thought it
no harm if the power of his spiritual ex
ercises were somewhat enhanced by the
sustaining influence of a well-built toddy.
Whisky was a power, in those days, so
strong that it at one time seemed in a fair
way to disrupt the Union and upset the
Father of his country.
The trouble broke out in the four Wfst
ovn counties of Pennsylvania, and was
called the "Whisky insurrection." It
had its origin in an excise lawr lad upon
whisky by the advice of Hamilton, then
Secretary of the Treasury a tax made
necessary by the assumption, on the part
of the Federal Government, of the debts
of the several States. The sum to be
raised, in view of this added debt, amount
ed to about $820,000 per annum, and
Congress, in 1791-2, attempted to provide
for it by a tax upon imported spirits and
an excise ou whisky.
President Washington, soon after the
tax was voted, took a tour among the
Southern States affected by it, and by his
personal infiueuce, doubtless, prevented
any serious opposition. But in the North
the disaffection was fomeuted by the so
called "democratic political societies," in
sympathy with which, to a greater or less
extent, were Jefferson (then Secretary of
State), Randolph (Attorney-General),
George Cliuton, and the anti-Federalists.
In 1794, sustained by hopes of support
from other disaffected sections, and even
contemplating successful secession from
the Uuion as a possible result of resistance
to the excise, the Pennsylvania insurrec
tionists carried matters with the utmost
insolence and reckless contempt of Fed
eral authority. United States officials at
tempting to exercise their office was
seized, tarred and feathered, whipped, aud
forced to resign their commissions or
leave the country, and sometimes to do
both. General Neville, a conspicuous
patriot of the Revolution, who, when the
news of Lexington reached him, raised a
company at his own expense and marched
them to Boston, depending upon his per
sonal services and popularity, attempted
to pacify the insurrectionary districts aud
collect the tax. As a result he was be
sieged in his owu house, eight miles from
Pittsburg. He sent to the garrison of
that place for reinforcements. Twelve
regulars went to his aid. The next day
five hundred Regulators, "Sons of Liber
ty" they called themselves, approached.
Neville, at the entreaties of his friends,
finally consented to leave the premises.
An attack was made. After some shoot
ing, the outbuildings surrounding the
mansion of Neville were tired. The
flames soon communicated, with the main
building. The soldiers promptly surren
dered, and the residence of General Ne
ville, the finest at that time West of the
Alleghany Mountaius, was reduced to
This and other similar instances of vio
lence brought matters to a crisis. Gov
ernor Mifflin, of Pennsylvania, was op
posed to coercion, so that Washington,
in order to employ the military, procured
the certificate of one of the judges of the
Supreme (U. S.) Court that the execution
of the law was obstructed in the insur
rectionary district. Upon this a procla
mation was at once issued, calling upon
the insurgents to disperse and submit.
Fifteen thousand volunteers were called
for, and apportioned to the contiguous
States of Virginia, Maryland and New
Jersey, as well as Pennsylvania.
Governor Mifflin sunk the politician in
the patriot, aud from the Eastern portion
of Pennsylvania secured the quota as
signed to his State. The troops rapidly
concentrated at Bedford. Washington
aud Hamilton, Secretary of the Treasury,
j-'ined them. They crossed the moun
tains with difficulty, and after much suf
fering. The display of overwhelming force
scared the insurgeuts. Their councils
became divided; the ringleaders fled the
country ; -the courage of the rest oozed
out, and the authority of the government
was restored without serious opposition.
Informers flooded the camp of the invad
ing army, and guided dragoons to the
mountain gorges and secluded valleys
where clandestine whisky had been man
ufactured. The government was prompt,
ruthless and sweeping in its seizures and
prosecutions. Suspected parties were
seized and sent to Philadelphia for trial.
A detachment of volunteers was re-enlisted
for six months, and quartered in
the disaffected district, and, as a result
of their efforts, the insurgent whisky
makers became the most "truly loyal"
people in the country.
It was the hardest ring George Wash
ington ever attempted to fight. It in
cluded Congressmen, prominent politi
cians, and members of the Cabinet. It
was fostered for paitisan purposes by
probably the most efficient secret politi
cal organization ever established in this
cou n t ry . Ph iludelph ia Pretts.
Mr. Spcrgeox has strongly opposed
the Turkish policy of the English Cab
inet. The following letter frni him is
published in the Loudon JS'eics: "I view
the Eastern matter as a question between
a bitterly oppressed people and a barbar
ous despotism, which overrides them. I
perceive that Turkish rule means oppres
sion, fraud, cruel ty, and the crushing
down of every principle of liberty, and
therefore I long to see the power of the
Turks broken to pieces. War by us, on
behalf of the Turk, cannot I hope be ven
tured upon; but Lord Beaconfield's speech
at- the Mansion House waa a boastful
provocation of Russia, and proved that
the man who could speak in such a fash
ion is not fit to be trusted with the des
tinies of our nation at such a time as this.
I trust that the whole question can be
reasonably settled without going to war,
by such an arrangement as shall secure a
measure of liberty to the non-Mohammedan
populations. If it cannot be so
settled I must needs consider that the
bragging speech I allude to has been the
chief means of creating that impossibil
ity. The national interests will always
be best conserved by our doing that which
is just and right, and it can never be just
and right for us to support a despotism
which could tolerate and even reward
atrocities which no man can even think
of without just indignation. My politics
are simply these Eugland is a friend of
liberty and right at all hazards."
Ridicule is a weak weapon when
leveled at a strong miud; but common
men are cowards, and dread an empty
Business Improvements in . San
A SEW STOKE FOK A.V OLD FIRM.
TIia npt hnildinu- recently occupied by
Waterhouse & Lester, importers and dealers
in wairon and carnage material,
hardware, etc., is worthy of public notice, n
is situated at N'os. 2' and .31 Fremont street,
and as eeen from the outside presents a tine
appearance. It is three stories high, besides
the basement, and as each story is from 16 to
19 feet the total height of the building from
the sidewalk must be over 50 feet. The front
presents a substantial and ornamental aspect,
and is well adapted to their solid and exten
sive business. The store has a frontage of
45 feet 10 inches, and a depth of 137 feot 6
inches. As decks are built over a great part
of the three stories, the amount of flooring
space must be about equal to that of asix-
siory building when the Dasemeni is mciuu-
ed, or, in round numbers, the floor room
amounts to 37,000 square feet.
When w e state that this immense space is
all used, it conveys some idea of the business
transacted by this tirm. As an illustration,
we learn that they carry iu stock over 150,000
feet of wagon lumber, white wood, etc., 2,000
sets of hubs, 200,000 spokes, 50,000 felloes,
1,000 sets of rims, and other wood stock, with
a full line of carriage hardware, leather,
cloths, trimmings, and everything needed in
the manufacture of wagons and carriages.
Our space will not admit of a full or extend
ed list, but as show n in their finely-illustrated
catalogue of 91 pages, more than 100 dif
ferent articles are fully classified.
They have the exclusive agency of the
Clark Adjustable Carriage Umbrelia and Sun
shades, which in many respects are superior
to carriage tops, particularly as they are
light, easily "shifted" from one vehicle to an
other, cooler in hot weather, a good protec
tion against rain, and comparatively cheap.
In connection with their Sacramento House
they have a Whuel aud Body Factory and
Machinery, which enables them at all times
to till ou bltort notice all special orders in
Their new building was erected for their
special use, at a cost of $35,000. Fitting it
up has cost them about $3,00U. They have a
steam elevator, made at a cost of $1,001); it is
one of the best in the city, and well "adapted
to the heavy work in their line.
People on this coast who have lived here
for some time know the lirui so well that
there is little need of saying anything about
its history, except for those who recently
came to the coast. The house originated
under the tinu name of H. W. Bragg & Co.,
in Sacramento, in 1S5J. In July, ls53, C.
Waterhouse became one of the proprietors,
and in 1S54 J. W. Lester came into the tirm.
In lsti'2, at the time of the great Hood, the
house was established in San Francisco.
When Mr. Bragg retired, in 1805, the tirm
assumed the names of Waterhouse fc Lester,
which it has ever since retained. Parties
who are in any way interested in this class of
trade or in general improvements in San
Francisco, will do well to visit this new
building and examine it for themselves.
The Eureka Hair.
THE BEST MATERIAL KNOWS.
The following article is copied from the
Boston Journal of Commerce:
Iu the late Exhibition a display was made
of a vegetable product from California, called
the Eureka Hair, which promises to become,
and undoubtedly is, the only successful sub
stitute for horse hair for bedding and uphol
stery purpose. This wonderful aud valuable
6eat-softener is manufactured from the fibres
of a plant which grows only ou the California
mountains, a plant long famous among the
Iudiaus and early settlers ou account of its
various good qualities of a health-preserving
nature. The Eureka Hair is made from the
plant by a peculiar process, which eliminates
all the useless cellular tissue, and leaves only
the strong fibres which are highly elastic,
and almost indestructible. As made up into
furniture, the Eureka Hair is dry, cool aud
flexible, does not breed vermin, and forms no
harbor for moths, the fell destroyers of im
mense quantities of furniture work and bed
ding in this part of the country. It does not
mat any more than the best quality of horse
hair, aud cannot be destroyed by war. No mat
ter how long it has been in use it can always
be readily rvnend at a trifling expense. For
all these uses it may be equalled, but cannot
be excelled, by the best quality of horse hair.
On the Pacitic Coast it has received the ap
probation of many leading physicians, aud is
used almost exclusively iu the public inlirm
aries. Everywhere it has been found condu
cive to comfort, cleanliness, and is without
doubt both cheap and durable, and is esteemed
even iu Europe for its possession iu abun
dance of these good qualities. The Jury of
Awurd made a close inspection of this article,
and decreed it a most flattering diploma with
the grand medal of honor. The article is
manufactured by J. Herzog it Co., San Fran
Select List of the Most Admired
The following select list of Music, published
by Blackinar As Davis, 950 Market street, San
Francisco, is worthy the attention of the
I Would Liker to see Old Massa's Face
Again llutledge 35
Little Joe Addison 35
The Gray Hairs of my Mother (with
chorus) Bishop 35
Barney's Courtship; or, Mollie Dear,
The Dying Message Addison 40
Give me the Man of Honest Heart, Hobsou 30
Don't Call in the Morning Young 40
The Day is Done Louis S. Davis 70
I Know a Girl w ith Teeth of Pearl.Armand 40
Somebody Loved Him..; O'Keardou 35
Cover HI in tenderly, over lilm bend,
Somebody loved him, a sister, a friend.
La Capricieuse Valse . Bares CO
L'Elite Mazurka Auguste Davis 4t)
Birds in Summer Wallz.. .Auguste Davis 50
Maidi Gras Polka March Youii" 40
Merry Christmas Waltz E. O. Eaton 40
The Popular Velocipede Galop Coach 40
Premier Baiser (First Kiss) Lamothe 70
Bella Valse (Beautiful Title) Lamothe 75
Esperance Valses Metra 70
Les Cent Vierges Valse... Auguste Davis 40
Pie Me Polka La II ache 40
Remembrance of Tyrol Kafka 50
Youth, Joy and Friendship Waltz
Auguste Davis 50
Maritana Waltz Auguste Davis 50
Any Music, American or Foreign, sent by
mail, post-paid, ou receipt of postal money
order for the amount.
Breathing Miasma Without Injury.
There is no exaggeration in the statement
that thousands of persons residing from one
year's end to another in fever and ague re
gions on this Continent and elsewhere,breathe
air more or less impregnated with miasma,
without incurriug the disease, simply aud
only because they are iu the habit of using
Hostelter's Stomach Bitters as a preventive.
It has frequently happened, aud the faet has
been amply attested by the parties them
selves, that persons surrounded ou all sides
by neighbors suffering the tortures of this
shivering and burning plague, have enjoyed
absolute immunity Irom it, thanks to the
protection a Horded by the Bitters. Nor is
that standard anti-febrile cordial less effica
cious in remedying than in preventing chills
and fever, bilious remittents, and disorders of
a kindred type. Taken between the parox
ysms, it speedily mitigates their violence, and
eventually prevents their recurrence. These
facts, convincingly established by evidence,
appeal with peculiar force to travelers aud
sojourners in malarious districts.
I am breeding Ture English Berkshire Pigs
and have them constantly on hand. Also,
fifteen two and three-year-old Sows, several
of them with Pig; 33 line young serviceable
Boars. These are mostly from Pigs I import
ed from Kentucky. -Short-Horn" Cattle,
Merino aud Cotswold Sheep. Pktek Saxe,
Importer and Breeder. P. O. address, 13PJ
Folsoiu street,corner of Ninth, Sau Francisco.
Canckr. can bk CCR8D.-l)r. Bond, of
Philadelphia, announces his discovery for
the radical cure of Cancer. No Antfe! Jvo
Paint Xo Caustic Remedies with full direc
tions scli. anywhere. Pamphlets and particu
lars Bent free. Address with stamp, Dr. H.
T. Bond, 859 North Broad bU Philadelphia, Pa,
Peerless Yeast Powder.
Trt it. For sale in quarter, one, two, five,
ten and twenty pound packages by all gro
cers. B. F. Bahtox Ic Co., manufacturers,
211 and 213 Sacramento street, San Francisco.
The Acme of Perfection.
Constant and unremitting exercise of
superior genius has developed in the "New
American Self-Threading Sewing Machine"
improvements well worthy of the attention
of every one interested in Sew ing Machines
and mechanical perfection. Self-threading
and self-regutating tensions are found inesti
mable to the operator, and the rapidly in
creasing demand for them fully demonstrates
their superiority over other machines. We
advice those who coutempl.ite purchasing
to call or correspond with their otlice, 124
Fifth street, San Francisco, where courteous
assistants are always in attendance. Circu
lars and price-lists sent free on application.
Land Owners Without Patents
Should enclose $2 with their receipts to Col.
L. Bingham & Co., Attorneys for Claims, fec.
Washington, D. C, and receive their Land
The T.ttti.r Patv trw.tlinc l.e riesul Aflie
earache, cramps, colics, corns and bunions,
are relieved by one application of Trapper'9
Indian Oil. Price 50 Cents.
Coscndkum for St. Valentine's Day:
Was Saint Valentine . . , ,
A varnish maker?
day. Scud for Ctiromo Catalogue.
Bdpfosd'b Sons. Boston Mass.
per day at home. Samples worth $1 free.
Stinbon A Co.. Portland. Maine.
1 O day at home.
Aeents wnnted.- Outfit and
A 4-i term ire.
TttlTK A t:o.. Aueuota. Maine
OK FAXCY tAICl. with name Inflfll Pi
iO 15c. 25 flue Mixed Cards 10c. I nst UULU
paid. Wr. Fellows A Co ., North Chatham. New Vork.
1 fMWI WASTKH.IJi ALL PAKTS
1 JUJ of the I'acitic States. Address W. A. 11KS
PKUSkN, I. O. Box ', Santa Unsa, Cal.
MltS. II. A. MOOKK S HAIlt ritOO I. C'
er, lO Market street, San Kranclsco.
I if' M r- it l for C I r c u I r i . Jjti
BKUH'V I.KJllOK A MPKCIALTY.
Stock selertod I'nre bred. Heduced prices. Ad
dress J. M. KKKI.1NUKK, Kills. San Joaquin Co.. Cal.
VALll PKJiNIOSM ISCKKA8EU BY
J. The enactment of recent law.
AMI.HICA and FOItFMiX 1'ATEMS :
How to ohtaln them. Address Gen'l L. Bingham &
Co., Attorneys for Claims aud Advocates lu Tateot
and Land Title Cases. Washington. 1). C.
I Dtvi sold more dozens of Hatch's Universal
CotiKh Syrtip for the past year than I have ever sold
of a similar medicine during the same length of time.
I have on my shelves thirteen different cough reme
dies, compribtuit most of those considered staple In
this section. W'KSLK V It IT LI SOX,
Evans Mills, Jetl". Co., N. V.
N- K V VIMtLA X 1 TEJIPKHASt'K
Colony. In Southern California. 6i,UHj acres good
land, well tested for several 3'ears for fruit, grain,
vegetables; well wooded and watered, requiring no
irrigation; to be sold U none but shareholders. Only
temperance families desired as colonists. Provision
for Schools, Churches, free Public Library. Are. Pros
pectus mailed to any addresses sent to oitice at Lorn
poe, Santa Barbara Co.. Cal.
Klukr JAM KS W.WEBB, President.
Charles Maltly. Secretary.
0 . T.
AL ROOMS, 80 Kearny St..
near Bush. Etheb or Chlobofobs
administered. A lady assistant in at
tendance. Graduates only em
ployed to operate.
Dividend Notice, No. 5.
101.1,ATEKAL I,OA AM KAVIXC!
v.; Bank, corner Post and Kearny sts., S. F. An ex
tra dividend of 5 per cent, for the six months ending
December 31st has been declared payable January 5th,
to stockholders of record Decemlier 27th.
F. S. CARTER, Sec'y.
Dividend Notice, No. 6.
COI.I-ATF.lt A I. I.OA- A1 KAVIXS1S
Bank, corner Post and Kearny sts., San Fran
cisco The regular monthly dividend of 2 per cent,
for January, IHit, is declared, payable February 5th,
to stockholders of record January 27th. 1S77.
. t. CARTER. Sec'y.
NEWSPAPER FOR SALE.
A WEEKLY JOURNAL, THREE TEARS ESTAB
lished, eligibly located nearlSan Francisco; paying
)0ter DiuDih; will be sold for 1,510, cash ; can be
made to pay fcsui net per month. Expenses of pub
lishing are very light. For particulars .enquire of
CARLOS W'HfTE, o.532 Clay street, San Francisco.
THE SIERRA FLUME AND LUMBER CO.
have over 100,000 Acres of SUGAR FINE,
YELLOW PINE, SPRUCE, FIR and CEDAR
LANDS ; 10 Saw Mills, 3 Planin Mills, 1 Sash
and Door Factory, 149 miles V Flames, 10
miles of Tramways, 157 miles of Telegraph
Line, 13 Telegraph Stations; and employ 475
men and 550 oxen and horses.
The SUGAR FINE is unsurpassed in quali
ty, and the whole coast can be supplied.
The YELLOW PINE is firm, fine grained
and superior to any other hard pine for floor
ing, stepping, etc.
The SPRUCE has great strength, durable
when exposed, and especially adapted to Bridge
and Ship Building, while the FIR and CEDAR
are as valuable for a great variety of pur
' Last year thirty millions of feet were cut,
and the estimate for 1877 is fifty millions; fif
teen millions are now on hand, thorougly sea
soned by the hot climate of Red Eluif and
Large orders can be filled on a day's notice for
all kinds of BUILDING MATERIALS, rough or
dressed dry, by which elegant and substantial
work may be accomplished without delay at
the usual cost for green lumber.
Orders for the interior filled at less than San
Francisco prices and freight
DOORS, SASH and BLINDS always on hand
in large quantities.
SIERRA FLUME AND LUMBER CO.,
Cor. Fourth & Channel sts.
WIND fnlLUPilP HOUSE
PUJfPS FOR ALL PURPOSES.
?-Vlnil Mill (Vaiinntril to be JSelf
uvriiiing; or no Male.
Iron pipe laid and fitted. All work guaranteed.
Send for particulars. Address
Cuas. IE9. EColc-,
IIS ileal Ntreet. Man Franrlsro,
ISoots and Shoes.
JOII5T NI I.LIVAX, N. E. cor. Bat
tery and Jackson bts., Han Francisco,
otferB to make to order the best French
Calf Leather BMOTS at from fci U ; Cal
ifornia Leather Boots, 6; French Calf
Oxford Ties, ; California, 14.50. Boys
and Children's Boots and Shoes made to
order. Persons in the country ordering Boots and
Shoes to the amount of (12 or more will be allowed a
reduction of four per cent., to make the express
charges liRht. I sell Hoota and Shoes of MY OWN
MAN U FACT LMiK ONLY. Boots and Shoes ent
C. O. I. Positively one price.
MONTGOMERY A YEN UK AND KEARNY ST..
Sun Kraneisco. A new and commodious four
story Hotel, with 175 first-class lifrht rooms, elepant
ly furnished, and a fctenm elevator, free Coach
and Carriages to the House from all points. Charges.
W4.4H pr day.
JOIIX KKtLY, Jr., Jfansfrr,
For 2 yrant Proprietor or lie BROOK.
li'S JIOTKI.. Mini FrsTlwo.)
84 nud I4eimy H.. Taiclico.
1 SO and OO PER DAT.
H. C. PATRIDGE. - - - Pbopbiktob.
Two Concord foitrltea. with the name of the
Hotel on, will always be in waiting at the landing to
convey passengers to the Hotel free. IWlie sure yon
get Into the right Coach; if you do not. they will
Bath for Sheep
For the prevention and cure of Scab, etc., and the
destruction of parasites '.nfcliut the tieece.
H. P. WAKKl.EE & CO.,
Importing and Manufacturing Drutiii-ts. cor. Mont
tfoinery slid Bn-h streets. Man Francisco.
Strong rTmf2eliveredyrq'xMf safely
uon guaranteed, tjplen-
uiu aaaorrnient or
13 for 2. Send for
JVet Cataloav of Plan ft-
HOOPES. BRO. A THOMAS
Carry Hili Nurseries, West Chester, Pa,
1877. l'ost pa id.-S !.;).
THE 33 ZKTTTIELSIEIR.'y
k Monthly Magazine for Youngest Readers.
BrriBBLT liLrsTEATiD. WSend ten centa for
Sample dumber ana fremium-Lit.
JOHN 3L.. 8IIOREY,
8 Itromflrld Street, Boston.
THE PACIFIC PKINTEK, issued Bi-Month-ly,
sent free on application to Miller & Rich
ard, Type Founders, San Francisco.
!S per gallon.
T. W. JACKSONt San Fran
cisco, Sole Asent for Califor
nia and Nevada.
C. & P. H. TIKRELL & CO..
IXPOKTBBS AND M ANUFAOTU EX B8 OF
BOOTS AND SHOES,
WO. 41U CI,.."" HTKKKf,
Bctwoen Sansome and Bnttflry. f AN FKANU1SOO
u.nnf.nmr. nf ipn'. Bovs". YonflT. and Chil
dren's FINK CALK BOOTS. ,...
Order solicited and promptly lllicd. All sue ano
Qualities made at the lowest market prices.
r lease examine mc
AS KECEIVKD A MOST FLATTERISti DIPLO
n.u with f lie f;ranH Medal of Honor, at the trreat
Centennial Exhibition, for the best known siib.-t.tute
for Curled Hair. The KI'KKKA is i be onlv elastic,
eiean. healthy and cheap material for stuffing Mat
tresses. Cushions, and for Upholstery Work in Brner
al. Manufactured bv J. IIKHZOO & CO., 8 F.
Sewing Machines of the latest im
proved kinds, for every variety of
For Sale "Wholesale and Retail at
bed rock prices. Also, Florence
Coal Oil Stoves, for Cooking and
Persons desiring business, deal
ers and all others wishing Sewing
Machines, either for Cash or on
Installments, should send for Cir
culars to SAMUEL HILL, 19 New
Montgomery St., San Francisco.
WATERHOUSE & LESTER,
apn anft Carriage Materia,
CARRIAGE HARDWARE and TRIMMINGS,
And all ether stvles of
Ssrrfn Ptfiit and
Wood lTnt Vlieels.
SOLE AGENTS FOR
ADJUSTABLE CARRIAGE UMBRELLA
HAVrXG REMOVED TO OUK XEW 3-STORY
Building, built for our special use, we are bet
ter prepared Hum ever to supply Hie Triie and Ja
nfictnrei with ail poods in our line. We also have
connected with our Sacramento house a Wheel and
Rod v Factory and Machine department, enabling us
at all times to fill sp. cial orders, ou hort notice. All
goods furnished at the most reasonable prices.
Kos. and SI Fremont Street, San Francisco,
of. 2UO and 20 3 street, Sacramento.
WHITNEY & HOLMES
The Finest Toned and Most Durable Made.
NEW STYLES. NEW SOLO STOPS.
Warranted Five Tears. Send for Price Lists.
WHITNEY & HOLMES ORGAN CO.. Quincy. III.
ALBERT E. BURBAKK. Im
porter and Breeder of Fancy
1 . . .. -: .- 1 ) : r . . v .
' riwnilis, xtaouilb, luRS,
etc. Also Eggs for batching from
the finest of imported stock.
t.pus and Fowls at reduced
AMtF.RT K. 15 1" It It A " It,
43 and 44 Cal. Market, S. F.
Enclose Stamp for Price List
Please tnte where you aw thit Adrertinement.
A. LEHMANK. Solicitor of Patonta, Washlnirtoir
I. c o Fafent Jo Py. Send for Circular.
S- V IA
vi vi lUHnukirawi! r
Merchant's Gargling Oil!
A Liniment for Man and Beast.
" Whether for rise on man or beast. Merchant's Garsriintr Oil will 1 form r. tT-it,.i r ii
.and worth v of use by every resident in the Inner tutnnr.
iiu..u I.. u.-c uilu jsnares me goa win or the people to a create!
gree than this. el low -wrapper for animal and white for hnman flesh "f,v ij..,r
.1.- t-.,i.,i J.. u-v ".T"- " jjiuuni-uirv uicuiuucu.
Kxtract from a letter from O. H. Simmonds, TJnionvllle, la., July t, 1873." I am eilin mor
fll::A im t-P-?. twelve differed kinds.. 1
KTtmrt from lotfop fVm QTiaav.w- bl. -
:T "i: rr ,7 rf ' -w.-0 A4A cAaakcuvo. sou can eay u wutioai rear or successm
boiular hofsV Tiinlment in ihU country."
I extract from a letter from a a..n -n
more of yonr GarcUnTouXJ Tn? KLb.b"!.Sonco'?ia. ". JnJy 8Sih, 1S73-" We scl
w v j uuiujcm
Merchant's" Garerliner Oil
We are nnw nrl t,Tr v r
common linimt rAZVL-.- i"A?m0 Jea.r8.
Lt j.. "-."au HC8Q, extracting
r.T.u " ODJuo.nle. This Oil possesses all
where a f i r, I W, . t? 1 will be
I From J i laas nns eTer been manufactured. I
iSi'lSitoSu&Jl11' n7-" ToS-Gargltag Oil is doing mnch better!
withont stain, are rmnVonrtt for become known; and the bottle, put up for lamily nse
answers m well for prepared intentionally for nnm.n fiesh.
OK tht, .kin', but no7r,eB,?11 tn" .! we li r only it wtl.j
U1UU U68Q, .
Mercnant's Garerliner Oil
V,.l.... .. .
when such ixZfkto Btimnlant carminative. It can be taken internal)
r." remay ia Indicated, and iaa pood anhatltntA tn.r r..:n km. 11.1 .nruivnes.l
P" or spaMM of the Stomach. Colic.
IniaU of thrJa oBfi honSPVf, m'Xed With
xnree t0 BU ont Yellowwrapper
'Established I ifflfS"!?..?1
uufactnred at porCK'r:. bV & Q. 61
-- . ,
r m fa
i pracura. r lor a i
accesful ca- 1
I or tld.
S. F. Cat.
1 t.p Horn
Try Bo wen's Yeast Powder.
ASK YOUR GROCER FOR IT.
K I a LSEI'S
The Oldest and Most Extensive ca tie Coist
See the. following collections: not a home should lie
without at least this amount, of Fruits aud Flanta, all
U Apples, 2 years,
6 Pears. 2 "
1 Cherries, 2 "
8 Plums. 2 "
4 Apricots. 'i
3 Quinces, 2 "
6 Peaches, 2 "
2 Almonds, 2 "
2 Fis, 2 "
20 Grapes, 2 "
20 Currants, 2 "
10 Gooseberries, 2 "
5 Monterey Ovpress, 3 ft.
a " Pines,
3 I.awson Cypres. 2 f.
2 Italian " 3ft.
5 Eucalyptus or Guuis.
assorted. 2 ft.
5 Acacias, aso$ed,
5 Pinks or Carnations,
5 Assorted Shrubs.
25 lilacKoerries. t
150 Trees aud Plants, f 16. 50 PlanH,
rSThe following Bedding Plants in 2 inch put
f 1 2a per dozen :
Salvias, in sorts
Peltss. in sorts.
fonrei me not.
Vincas, iu sorts, &c., Ac.
Send for Catalogue and Price List
Free on appli
O STTZE $30!
OCR HOME SHUTTLE SEWIXG MACHIXK
was awarded the first and hiRhei-t prize and di
ploma at the Exposition in Philadelphia, and any
company claiming to hav received any higher honors
does so to deceive the public. We sell "the best sewing
machine for the least money." and challenge compe
tition. Every machine is furnished with the cele
brated Hall treadle (a $12 attachment), without extra
cost, and warranted for nve year, i.ouniry ape:i!g
and city canvassers wanted. Call and examine be
fore purchasing elsewhere.
JOHNSON, CLARK & CO.,
17 Montgomery St., San Franciro-
Factories Orange, Mass. O
A. D. REMINGTON,
31. 8PACLDIXO CO.,
411, 413, 415 Sansome St., San Francis::.
TliA T..im.t anil TlMt A ua.rN. CtAi' L- f. . T Prfiitirc
aud Publishers carried by any House west of Chic. pj.
A t t.n l inn YAmiftT
A. D. Rkjiixgtox. F. M. Spatldixg. .
Aeu York. F. W. Aixswokth, -
P.N. P. C.
CAN BE TREATED
At the home of the pat;e:i:
Without the use of the
irwirr hd riTK!T!,ne
AA.11AAAA VAl UUUUJ I
laad without pain. Addresc
Dr. A. H. BROWN.
NEW HATE5J. CONN.-
Correspondence from physicians also solicited.
Sept-1. 18-" It U th,
as a ifemii r Linimmt
preparing the Oil free from stain, to be ned as ft
th tT': .'"ir'TlT."' " ? t".u" iZSlw..
thn rnU.in. t.A: . vt-w u ' . .r. .
found one of lb.e beat remedrea fof all purpose-
vuvTT tliapjnx JUT imiuiu ABU W1UIO 1U
as "an Internal 7
. J . I
Asthma: or Tnt.r.Y"';
in convenient foni, andTej
forapimal and white for human flesh.
enioni lorm, ana iciiwmju"'
1 r i. ' a. v
the "fe1 Liniment of the United States
CoT.'and Vd;.,fmL5 -ror- ttmuy ..
JOHN HODCE. Secretary
JTOIIN HODCE, Secretary
T T TVfl
111 I I I H I 1! If Ml iTm l! wr