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About Oregon City enterprise. (Oregon City, Or.) 1871-188? | View Entire Issue (Feb. 22, 1877)
Scarcely less startling than tie acci
dent at Ashtabula three weeks ago was
the announcement Saturday morniog
about 11 o'clock, that Charles Collins,
Chief Engineer of the Lake Shore Rail
road, had committed suicide. The shock
ing tragedy was first discovered by Mr. I.
C. Brewer, first assistant in Mr. Collins'
office, who found the lifeless body of his
superior officer lying in his bed at his res
idence, corner of St. Clair and Seneca
streets. Mr. Collins was last seen on
Wednesday evening, after he had been be
fore the legislative investigating commit
tee. On Monday previous there was a
meeting of directors of the road, and he
was present, and offered his resignation.
In doing so he said, with tears in his eyes,
that for thirty years he had worked hard
and faithfully to serve the public, and
now in this trouble he was condemned.
His resignation was not accepted, and he
was assured that there was no part of the
blame to be placed upon him. Still he
seemed depressed, and told Mr. Brewer
his troubles, and bow lonesome it was at
his home while his wife was away, and
asked him to stay with him for a time.
The request was willingly granted, and
Monday and Tuesday nights the two men
slept together at the St. Clair street resi
dence. Mr. Brewer, who has charge of
the Toledo division of the road, had ar
ranged for a tour of inspection over that
part of the road, and among other officers
Mr. Collins was asked to go along, lie
consented, ami arrangements were made
accordingly. Wednesday afternoon Mr.
Collins was called before the legislative
committee, and was kept there from three
until nearly six o'clock. He was ques
tioned very closely by the committee con
cerning his knowledge of the Ashtabula
bridge, and in just what way he was re
sponsible for its care. lie stated that the
last examination made of this bridge was
by Mr. Ileid, and he accepted a verbal
report from hiui as to its condition and
safety. Oa this point he was asked if he
considered that way of doing business as
proper and thorough. These with other
tjuestiuiis put by the examiner seemed to
trouble him considerably. During his
testimony he complied with the request
of the committee to order that the iron
in the wreck be not removed until their
engineers had examined it, and after the
adjournment he sent orders to his men to
that utlect, and gave an order to Mr. Con
verse, of the committee, also, to assure
him that he should rind everything as he
After the examination was concluded
he got his supper and went home, and
was not seen afterward. Saturday morn
ing Mr. lirewer became alarmed and went
to the house on St. Clair street. At the
back entrance he found a colored servant
who came to the house daily to work,
lie said that Mr. Collins was not at home,
but Mr. Brewer was not satisfied, and at
once went to his bedroom, where lay the
lifeless body. He was lying' in the bed,
dressed in hi3 night clothes, his face was
upturned, covered with blood, and ghast
ly. Clinched in his right hand was a
navy revolver, while partially covered by
the pillow lay another, and a razor aUo
lay near. A bullet wound in the roof of
Ins mouth told the terrible tale. He had
evidently grown desperate in his loneli
ness, and thinking over the troubles of
the past few weeks, procured the weapons
and taken his lite at a single shot. All
about the room was in perfect order. His
. clothing lay in accustomed place?, and
near the bed was a small valise which he
had packed for the trip on Thursday.
L pon a stand lay an envelope addressed
to his wife, but it contained only the
words "No. 10 will leave at 11 :15, No. 8
at 2 A3.
Mr. Brewer at once hurried from the
room, having an apprehension that Mr.
Collins was yet alive. He sent at once
for a physician who, on arriving at the
place, saw at a glance that life was ex
tinct. The news spread rapidly through
the city, and in a few minutes a crowd
of people collected about the house, and
it became necessary for the police to keep
the sidewalks clear. A number of prom
inent railroad gentlemen called shortly
afterward. Coroner Fliedner was sent
for, but he decided not to hold an inquest,
as the evidences of the causes of death
were sufficient to satisfy all. An under
taker was then sent for, and the body was
properly cared for.
Mr. Collins' wife, who was at Ashta
bula, was notified by telegraph, and she
came upon the afternoon train. She was
very much overcome, but has borne up
bravely, and last night was very quiet.
The officers of the road and other friends
are at hand with kind ministrations and
friendly services. Cleveland Herald.
How a Merchant Was Done For.
A very ingenious swindle, says the Bos
ton Globe, whs perpetrated on a prominent
dry goods house by a finely-dressed lady
who appeared in the shawl department,
and, after a careful examination, selected
a camel's-hair shawl costing about $100,
for which she tendered in payment a
$1,000 bill, which was carefully scrutin
ized by the cashier, who, doubting his
power oi discrimination, dispatched a mes
senger to the bank to ascertain thegenuine
ness of the bill. In a short time the mes
senger returned and announced in an au
dible tone that the cashier of the bank said
the bill was good. The lady upon hearing
this waxed exceeding wroth.and demanded
to know "whether he thought that she
would attempt to pass a counterfeit bill."
Of course apologies and explanations
were of no avail; she refused to purchase
the shawl, demanded her money, and de
parted from the store the very embodi
ment of righteous indignation. A cou
ple of hours afterward she returned con
siderably mollified, and confessed that
she was pleased with the shawl, and that
her inability to find one that she liked as
well was the only reason she returned,
and she concluded to take it. The oblig
ing salesman delightedly wrapped up the
shawl, while the courteous cashier, dis
daining to entertain a suspicion against
such a lady, proceeded to count out the
$900 change, with which and her shawl
the lady depaited. The feelings of that
storekeeper can be better imagined than
described when he awoke to a realizing
sense of the fact that his lady customer
had, after all his precaution, succeeded in
passing upon him a counterfeit $1,000
Anecdote of Rossini. The composer
had a favorite provision merchant. One
day the latter rather bashfully said to
Rossini, "I have for a long time wanted
to ak you a favor." "Name it," said the
maestro. "It is," replied the merchant,
"that you will give me your photograph,
with a few words under it." "Willingly,"
responded Rossini, and he took a photo
graph from his pocket-book and wrote
under it, "To the friend of my stomach."
If possible, neither a borrower nor
. ) -
Kissinir a Brisraud.
The brigands last month caught Mr.
Rose, of the tirm of Gardner fc Rose,
correspondents of Mr. Cobb, of Boston.
He had just got home, and his experience
is worth a good deal; perhaps he will
publish it. Leone is the name of the
c.tpo, or head of their band which took
him, aud, in consequence of an English
man being taken, the country was over
run with troons. cendarmes. etc.. etc.
When a Sicilian is taken, which happens
once or twice a month, they are more
quiet about it, pay their money and are
free at once. So that poor Rose was
obliged to stay in a grotto, instead of ac
cepting the hospitality of Milord Leone,
who assured him he had a house at Corda,
Sciara, etc., etc., but, because the coun
try was alarmed, he must put up with a
grotto, liut he got a dinner nearly every
daj- cold, however beef,English cheese,
brandy, coffee, and even tea. All those
last articles that I have named are about
as easily got in the interior of Sicily as
oranges would be on the trees about your
house. So you see they were en train to
entertain an Englishman. At first they
asked one million ounces in gold (one
ounce is two dollars and a half); biit, as
Mr. R:sc justly remarked, "I had better,
then, take a gun and belong to your
band, tr at that price ahead I should be
better (ff than a sulphur merchant."
However, they reduced their terms by de
grees, saying that if it was not paid di
rectly they would increase a thousand
francs for every day's delay. The money
was paid, and Mr. Rose restored to his
family, after parting on the most affec
tionate terms with his captors even kiss
ing and being kissed at the last. But
what won't one do to obtain freedom?
And it seems even brigands have affec
tions and are much attached to their
All this band have fine houses, excel
lent guns, and are you ag, stalwart men.
Leone, himself a line type not drk,
but blonde dresses well, has good rnau
ners and withal a reward of twenty-five
thousand francs for his head. Perhaps
Mr. Rose will be the means of catching
him yet. The parting words of Leone
were: "Now you are free; go where you
please all over the country, if you like
we will protect you." And so it is. A
man who has once paid his ransom is as free
as air. Meantime, duiiujr his captivity,
all the movements of his family here in
Palermo, what they said and what they
did, were known by Leone and his band.
How? They have their paid spies every
where; and the old proverb that "a ser
vant is a paid enemy" is, one may really
believe, a. truth with us; and such is
country lite about Palermo. Like the
times of Rob Roy in Scotland,
The eagle he was lord above
Bat Hob was lord below.
A Rescued Girl.
Yesterday afternoon a young girl aged
about seventeen years arrived at the union
depot by Chicago express, on her way to
relatives at Lckport. Her name is
Lizzie Smith, and she has been a captive
to a tribe of the Sioux, who live north of
the Black Hills, for nearly nine years
Her father resided in Philadelphia and
was eugaged in a dry goods store. She
and other members of the family were
visiting in western Iowa, when the Sioux
raided the place, capturing her and oth
ers and killing her little brother. She
was taken to their hunting-grounds and
was, she says, treated well generally, but
mistreated at times because ot her inabil
ity to learn their language. Another
girl, a year or two her senior, was cap
tured with her, and the two, by convert
ing together, succeeded in retaining their
knowledge of the English tongue. Her
companion wa a Miss Stewart, who was
rescued at the same time and sent to her
friends in Omaha. Miss Smith states
that a party of five trappers discovered
them some weeks since and persuaded
them to make an escape. This they final
ly consented to do, and the. party, stealing
Indian ponies, left for tile white man's
country. They were pursued four days
by the Sioux, but got off, and in time to
reach Rock City, on the Union Pacific.
There they were supplied with clothing
by their rescuers, Messrs. Welsh,
Schwartz, Wolf, Botmeyer, aud one other
whose name Miss Smith cannot recall.
The railroad company passed her via
Chicago, boarding her in transit and
treating her with the greatest kindness.
The agent of the Pennsylvania Railway
did similarly here, and the young woman
was sent to her uncle at Lockporr, on the
4:30 train yesterday afternoon. Miss
Smith has been so long witli the Indians
that she has acquired a few of their pecu
liarities and to the reporter seemed to
have some of the prominent features of
the savuges. She is intelligent consider
ing her disadvantages, and quite prepos
sessing in appearance, notwithstanding
Tie most gigantic scheme of tunnel
ing ever broached is the project of a Mad
rid pamphleteer to tunnel the Straits of
Uibraltar, which it is asserted is even more
practicable than the proposed submarine
tunnel across the channel between Eng
land and France. The submarine tmrtinn
of the Straits of Gibraltar tunnel would
be little more than one-third the distance
across the Straits of Dover, but as the
maximum depth of the sea is 500 fath
om, and as it proposed to leave 300 feet
of rock between the sea bottom and the
tunuel, the tunnel of approach on each
side would have to be nearly six miles
long in order to make the descent prac
ticable. The cost is estimated at $20,
000,000, and it is proposed to use it in
connection with the Straits of Dover tuu
nel to make au overland railway through-
iuuic i'j umia wunout break of bulk If
such an enterprise should ever be consum
mated, and it is quite within the bounds
of probability, it would be a stupendous
manifestation of man's ability to over
come the material obstacles of nature.
The Mission of a Simple Flower.
The late Joseph Breck, of Brighton
was once riding in a horse-car, 'when'
noticing a little girl in the car journey
ing with her mother, he presented her
with a flower Irom a beautiful bouquet
he held in his hand, accompanied with
one of those sweet smiles which so often
broke over his countenance. Some months
afterward he was again ridin" ia a car
" "-u uuiiLeu jt nine gin looking
tently at him. Turning to her he
httle lady." Oh, yes," said the child,
eagerly, "I remember you, for you once
gave me a flower." "Ah," said Mr
lireck, a smile again illuminating his
countenance, as he turned to his son-in-
Ian Kin . I .
kuanvcu. x uu eeni it) Know ma
.."iioinrag, wno sat by his side, "if
eu.pie nower will thus keep one's
memory green in the mind of a little "irl
I desire to present many flowers " '
The Turkish soldiers are now wearino
All About Twenty-Five Cents.
It is all about twenty-five cents. Two
bits. Funny bit of currency this Ameri
can twenty-five cent piece. It's a great
institution; encourages hospitality and
good fellowship. A fellow with a quar
ter in his pocket looks out for another
fellow, and theu well, it's two for a
quarter, you kuow, and if the first fellow
doesn't do this, he only gets ten cents
back, aud then he feels as it he had lost
a nickel. You can't possibly divide a
quarter fairly in currency. This is not
advanced as a new idea. Some one else
may possibly have observed the fact be
fore. Were it possible, however, to do
so, it might have been that Chicago
would have been spared a great lawsuit.
But no matter, it might not have been so
on the other hand, and, after mature con
sideration, perhaps it's well as it is.
To begin, there is, or was once, in
Chicago a sheet which used to appear on
the streets at irregular intervals, called
Pomeroy's Democrat. It was supposed to
be a moral paper, and containea a lot 01
what is popularly known among news
paper men as slush about what people do,
or used to do, or ought to do, on Satur-
day night. It was, moreover, emoenisnea
with hideous wood cuts, sufficiently hor
rid to frighten into tits any ordinary
person who might gaze upon them; but
as it was generally thought that no one
lead the paper no harmful results came
of its publication. But in an evil hour
one Horatio N. F. Lewis, a truly good
man, whose motto is, "Speed the plow
for truth aud right;" who was the
founder, aud was for twelve years the
editor in chief aud publisher of the West
ern Rural, the original champion of
farmers' rights, and cheap transportation,
etc. (see advertisement), purchased some
thing at a corner grocery for consump
tion. The shop-keeper, after the manner
of such men, wrapped up the purchase
in a piece ot paper, which piece ot paper
was subsequently scanned by the pur
chaser, after the manner of purchasers,
and on it was lound the following sug
gestive item :
We do know positively that one day
he opened iu his office a letter addressed
to us with a remittance of twenty-five
ceuts for a campaign paper, aud a re
quest for documents. We kuow posi
tively that he took out the twenty-five
cents and kept it. It is but a small
matter, but large rooms can be seen
through small key-holes at times. Mr
Lewis will not deny this, for he called at
our office, aud before a live witness tried
to explain how it happened.
The paper was a poition of the Demo
crat of November 4, and the reader knew
something about that quarter. He stud
ied the stealthy wording of the matter;
he remarked that "large rooms could be
seen through small key-holes," and hold
ing a small twenty-five cent shin plaster
before one eye he squinted through it
and thought that in the distance he saw
other bills of large denomination. Ho
ratio N. F. Lewis then took himself to
the law dispensary of Justice Meech, and
shortly afterward Mark M. Pomeroy was
served with a legal document which as
serted that he did, on or about Novem
ber 4th, "print and publish a malicious
defamation in a certain paper published
in the City ot Chicago, ot and concern
ing him, the said Horatio N. F. Lewis,
which tended to impeach the honesty,
integrity and reputation of him, the said
Horatio N. F. Lewis, and thereby expose
him to public hatred, contempt, ridicule,
and financial inquiry."
leiteniay atternoon the parties ap
peared before his Honor Meech, and the
matter was postponed until the SO inst.,by
common consent, it being generally un
derstood that Horatio had to grind out a
lot of poetry for his "practical weekly
for the farm and fireside," end that
"Brick" had considerable theatrical mat
ters to write about during next week.
The Prophet's Standard.
A Madras Mussulman paper, Sum$7i-al-
U nhbar, gives its readers the lollowmg
interesting information respecting the
"Prophet's Standard" which, it states,
"was enshrined among other relics of the
founder of Islam in Constantinople, aud
has been dispatched to the scene of war,
in order that the valor of the Turkish
troops may be stimulated through their
religious feelings. An English author,
Mr. Thornton, has published in ,his book
on Turkey copious details regarding this
standard, which is called, "Sunjack-i-Shu
reef" by the Turks, who ascribe a
mysterious efficacy to it, holding it in
the highest veneration. Non-Mussulmans
are forbidden to gaze on it on pain
of death, and it was this threat which de
terred Mr. Thornton from casting his
eyes on it when the standard was being
paraded in the streets of Constantinople
after it had witnessed a repulse of the
Russians by the Turks duiing the Cri
mean War. When the Turkish Army
marches to war, with the Sultan himself
or his vizier at the head, the standard is
displayed, and on catching a glimpse of
it every Moslem recites his prayers while
lending a hand iu carrying it. A splen
did silk tent is erected, in front of which
the standard is raised, guarded by forty
chiefs of the empire and four bodies of
infantry. Another writer, describing the
standard,says that it is made of four layers
of silk the topmost of which is green,
those below being composed of cloth
embroidered with gold. Its entire length
is twelve feet, aud from it is suspended
the figure of a human hand, which clasps
a copy of the Koran, transcribed by the
Caliph Osman. In times of peace the
banuer of the Prophet is kept in a
chamber appropriated to the purpose,
along with the clothes, teeth, the venera
ble locks, the stirrups aud the bow of
Postage Stamps. The contract with
the Continental Bank Note Company, of
New York, for printing the different de
nominations of postage-stamps expires
on the first of May next. Colonel E. W.
liarber, Third Assistant Postmaster-General,
has been in the city examining into
the manufacture of the stamps to de
termine whether the color of the stamps
shall be changed when the new contract
is made. As yet nothing is determined
upon, but it is understood that he will
recommend that a change be made as re
gards color in the case of the three-cent
(.green) and ten-cent (brown) stamps, for
the reason that the green and brown
colors are easily washed, they being more
durable than colors used oa stamps of
Sugar will doubtless be higher dur
ing the coming year. There is a short
crop in Cuba, and the deficiency of the
European beet root yield is estimated
at 300,000 tons. The world's consump
tion of sugar, beet-root and cane, in
1875, amounted to 3,437,023 tons, but
the crop for 1876 will fall far below that
aggregate. The sugar crop in many
parts of Louisiana was excellent.
:. .. - . , .., .
COURTESY OF BANCROFT LIBRARY,
UNIVERSITY CF CALIFORNIA,
A REMARKABLE RECORD,
How a Great Journal was Created.
HISTORY OF THE SAN FRANCISCO CHRONICLE.
Interesting Episodes in its Career.
WhatExEBGT ASttE-VTEKPEtSS Ci.V ACCOMPLISH.
The following appreciative sketch is
from the Spirit of the Times: The his
tory of a progressive journal is interest
ing to the general public as furnishing a
record of the growth of the community
in which it was established. The rise of
the San Francisco Chronicle to influence
and prosperity show what can be accom
plished by energy and pluck. When, on
the 6th of January, lSGo, the first issue, a
ittle fourteen by twenty-five inch sheet,
appeared, even its friends could not have
prophesied for it a more brilliant sphere.
It was then devoted to dramatic matters,
criticised theatres and concerts, and
treated the news of the day in a lively
manner, thougli never assuming to speak
of important subjects in a ponderous
manner. The public soo began to dis
cover much good sense in its biightuess
and animation. Type, room and press
were all at first procured on credit. The
labor needed to issue the first number
nearly ended the career of the single edi
tor, publisher and compositor. At the
end of the first week the payment of bills,
aud the general kind recognition which
the paper received, gave indication of
better times. The paper soon became a
popular facorite to such an extent that it
was more in demand at the restaurants
and other public places than the regular
dailies. Hundreds of persons came to
the office of the "little gratuitous sheet"
each day at the hour of publication to
ask tor "my Chronicle. Strangers often
came when about to return home, for the
purpose of 'subscribing," in order that
the little paper might be sent to them.
It gradually became apparent that the
Chronicle was destined to attain au extra
ordinary popularity, and to develop into
a permanent and prosperous institution,
notwithstanding the fact that it had
started with no capital and with no reve
nue except that derived from its special
advertising patronage, and with its sole
dependence for daily existence upon the
energy and hopeful perseverauce of one
man. At the end of a mouth the worst
ot the struggle was over. It was then en
larged by the addition of four columns,
and was no longer a precarious venture
At the end of six months an editorial
appeared iu its columns which expressed
its hopes, as follows : "Though not dis
satisfied with what we have already ac
complished, ice have by no mean attained
the hciyht of our aspirations." These as
pirations were only hinted at; to have
expressed them fully would have only
provoked mirth in those who'could
SEE SO OtKM OF THE I'KESENT GREAT
Of the Daily Chronicle in the little dra
matic sheet. On the first of December,
loOo, a thoughtless cotemporary rebuked
it disparagingly for venturing out of its
path as a strictly dramatic paper. It re
plied editorially that it did not intend to
remain a gratuitous advertising sheet, but
should aspire to brighter positions, aud
appealed to the year 1877 to bear out its
auiuiiious ciaims. ooou alter oeing es
tablished on a tirm footing, the Dra-taatic
Chronicle broadened the scope of its edi
torial department, and began to discuss
all matters of public interest, both na
tional and municipal, with a vigor, tree
dom aud independence that caused it to
be read with avidity by all classes of the
community. The fresh and racy style in
which its views were expressed, oll'ered a
pleasing contrast to the solemu editorial
of the leading journals of the day, and
its readers perceived that sound argu
nieut and solid opinions need not lose
any ot their weight irom being expressed
in an agreeable and animated style, en
livened by w it and humor, and occasion
ally pointed by sarcasm. In March, 1867,
the paper was again enlarged by the ad
union oi three more columns, a step
which w as warranted by the growth of its
business and its greatly increased popu-
lauiy. oeverai ooiu ana consummate
STROKES OF ENTERPRISE,
After it had fairly entered into competi
tion with the other daily papers for the
freshest and most reliable news, still
further attracted public attention, and
aided in making it a popular pet and
favorite. This was notably the case in
the complete report, which it furnished
at great expense, of the Chandler-Harris
prize-fight in the latter part of 1867. It
dispatched its couriers to Alameda
county, where the ring was secretly
pitched. Its reporters repaired to the
Oakland telegraph station, and succeeded,
in pursuance of their instructions, in tak
ing exclusive possession of the wires.
The fight excited the utmost interest iu
the city, and immense crowds gathered
arouud the little "free sheet's" bulletin
board to get the only tidings that came.
An extra edition of the paper was print
ed, 6,000 copies being sold in au hour,
while the other journals still awaited the
arrival of their reporters -from the scene
of the fight. The full particulars of the
assassination of President Lincoln were
first published in the Dramatic Chronicle.
The success acquired by this, and similar
strokes of enterprise, determined the pro
prietors of the Dramatic Chronicle to en
large it, and change it into
A REGULAR NEWSPAPER,
sold un I distributed like its cotempora
ries. This was doue Sept. 1st, 1868. It
theu appeared as a seven-day paper, un
der the name, Daily Morning Chronicle,
announcing its principles in the phrase:
"We shall be independent iu all things
neutral in nothing." On the l!)th of
April, 1870, another column was added
to each page, and soon after a four-cylinder
Hoe press, capable of printing 12,000
per hour, was purchased- On the 10th
of December, 1872, this, with a couple of
improved folding machines, was put in
operation, aud the problem of rapid
printing was apparently solved. But in
less than six months the ii'Cieased busi
ness began to iutrude upon the resources
of the office. In June, 1873, the paper
was again enlarged; and in the following
October a corps of artisans was brought
from New York, material was purchased,
and a stereotype foundry was attached to
the Chronicle press-rooms, thereby dupli
cating the capacity of the press. On the
1st of January, 1874, the firJt number of
the Weekly Chronicle was issued, and in
the November succeeding the daily was
enlarged to nine columns. Up to this
time the Chronicle's local success had
been most remarkable, and the only
thing needed to make it the foremost
newspaper upon the Pacific Coast, was
the Eastern and Foreign
An old monopoly on the coast called
the California Associated Press had con
trolled the news for years, consisting of
two papers iu San Francisco and one in
Sacramento. These papers had special
privileges granted them by the News As
sociation oi New lork, one ot the pro
prietors of the paper being the Eastern
agent; and the other journals here were
either obliged to copy their news the next
day, or pay for obtaining special tele-
ams over the other lines at ruinous
rates. The old San Francisco Timet en
deavored to break the monopoly, but
only attested its power by ceasing to ex
ist. 1 he xltrald, a large and enterprising
journal, powerfully backed by influence
and capital, subsequently repeated the
attempt, and, after a brief struggle. I
shared the fate of the Time. For a long
time the Chronicle contented itself with
paying high prices for special telegrams.
But it required no large journalistic
sagacity to see that this system would
not do for a paper that aspired to noth
ing less than to win the proud position of
the leading journal of the Pacific Coast.
The step to be taken was a daring and
hazardous one. But the only alternative
was to incur the risk or to renounce the
iums which the founders of the Chronicle
had so long cherished. When it became
clear that such was the case, their resolu
tion was soon taken.
RELYING ON THEMSELVES
and the appreciation of the public, they
entered ou the struggle iu which others
had signally failed. The Chronicle waged
a long war, unaided even by the country
press. On the 26th of June, 1876, the mo
nopoly succumbed before the determined
onslaught made upon it, aud thaCJtronicle
startled its readers by appearing with the
Associated Press news. This was a re
markable victory. And although the
fight required a great outlay of money
and time, its results more than compen
sated. Since the achievement of this
great victory the Chronicle has eclipsed
all its cotemporaries in telegraph news.
The full particulars of the Indian war in
the Black Hills, and the incidents attend
ing the last fight and death of the gallant
Custer, were all published first in the
Chronicle, some of them exclusively, and
all more fully than in any other news
paper west of the Rocky Mountains. By
special arrangements with the New York
Herald, the Chronicle received a telegram
of over 7,000 words, giving a full account
of Custer's last battle, sent by its special
correspondent from the scene of the bat
tle. This was a courtesy never extended
to any other San Francisco journal by
the managers of the New York Herald, a
newspaper that has a world-wide reputa
ENTERPRISE AND ABILITY.
This arrangement with the Herald con
tinues. The Chroniclers Washington dis
patches, and doings of the last session of
Congress, especially that containing the
full report of Bluford Wilson's testimony,
has been admitted by all to be great
examples of enterprise. Tilden's long
delayed letter of acceptance was present
ed to the readers of the Chronicle twenty
four hours in advance of any other news
paper on the I'acnic coast. With the
breaking up of the old monopoly the
Chronicle's news from all parts of the
world has been full and perfect the move
ments of the great powers in Europe, the
events constantly happening in all parts
of the United States are faithfully re
corded. The free and unprejudiced
course of the Chronicle from the liist has
not only won it credit with its news read
ers, but with the commercial community.
has increased month by month until it
has attained a circulation of nearly 41,
000 copies. Its advertising has increased
in a corresponding ratio. Iu small ad
vertisements, such as applications for
situations, houses to let or for sale, aud
all brief announcements of a similar char
acter, the Chronicle now takes the lead of
all papers west of the Mississippi. On
this coast it occupies the same position
as that occupied by the Herald in the
city of New York, and the Ledger in
Philadelphia. It averages daily about
ten columns of these advertisements, an
amount surpassed by only two' or three
other prominent journals in the United
States. These short announcements are a
reliable index of the business prosperity
of any city, and especially so in San
Francisco, where the market for employ
ment is greater, perhaps, thnn in any other
municipality ot equal size in the Union.
Theincrease in these small advertisement--,
and the evident partiality with which the
Chronicle is regarded as an advertising
medium, has necessitated frequent en
largements, until it is now in size, as it
has long been in attractiveness, one of
the very largest newspapers iu the coun
try. It ha's a larger number of readers
than any other newspaper in California,
and in business and circulation, the limit
ed population of the Pacific Coast con
sidered, it stands
IN THE VERY FRONT RANK
Of American newspapers. It stands
sixth on the list of an official statement,
in which the Boston Herald, the New
York Herald, Sun and Xeics, aud the
Philadelphia Public ledger alone exceed
ed it in the number of subscribers. The
Chronicle has always been and always
will be independent of party, clique and
combination. It is a newspaper "of the
people, and for the people." It has car
ried out the history foreshadowed in an
editorial published in 1808, of which the
following is nn extract : "We shall sup
port no party, no clique, no faction.
Whatever interest we may take in elec
tions or candidates, whether for the Presi
dency or the Board of Supervisors, will
not be a political interest. No bank, nor
railroad, nor ring, nor moneyed interest,
will have p iwcr either to iuspire or to
restrain our public utterances. We con
sider ourselves retained iu the cause of
the great general public, and shall have
no private clients nor friends to serve.
Neither tlie Republican party, nor the
Democratic party, nor the Pacific Rail
road, nor the Bank of California are
great enough to frighten us, nor rich
enough to buy us.
WE SHALL ASSAIL,
With all our power aud with every legit
imate weapon, all principles, measures,
doctoriues, parties and cliques, that we
regard as exercising au influence hostile
to the best iuterests of society."
The Chronicle was founded by one of
its present proprietors, Charles de" Young,
whi was shortly afterward joined by hia
brother, M. II. de Young, and together
they conducted all the affairs cf this great
journal. Charles de Youug directs the
editorial staff, and M. H. de Young, with
unusual ability, manages the business
department. The Chronicle is worth not
less than $450,000, upon which amount
it paid the past year a revenue equal to
two per cent, a month.
Cogent Reasons for a Grand
Conspicuous among the highest examples
of success which the present century can
show is Uostetter's Stomach Bitters. The
record of its triumphs over disease is to be
traced iu the written acknowledgments of
thousands who have experienced its benefi
cent effects, and the evidence of its popular
ity is to be found in the vast and growing
demand for the article in North aud South
America, Mexico, Guatemala, the West In
dies, Australia and Europe. The reasons for
its unparalleled success are cogent ones.
The accumulated evidence of nearly thirty
years shows that it is a certain remedy for
malarial aisease, as wen as its uureet pre
ventive; that it eradicates dyspepsia, consti
pation, liver complaint and nervousness,
counteracts a tendency to gout, rheumatism,
urinary and uterine disorders, that it imparts
vigor to th feeble, and cheers the mind
while it invigorate the body.
Buy the Best.
The piano is an article of luxury, and is, as
a general thing, bought but once in a life
time. How important then to buy the very
best. The great difficulty in all of the old
style pianos is that they soon get skaky and
easily affected by the changes of the weather,
and liable to jret "out of tune." All of this
U obviated in the Rogers Tiano. Ladies who
have used it say that it is as easily tuned as a
guitar, and they never need outside assist
ance to keep it in order. We advise our
readers who contemplate the purchase of an
instrument to see the Kogers before buying.
Dlackniar it Davis, under Baldwin's Hotel,
San Francisco, are the Agents for this coast.
The New American Self-Threading Sewing
Machine is creating great excitement among
the ladies of San Francisco. Its simplicity is
recognized by the intelligent mind as a guar
antee of its durability and reliability. It re
quires no readjusting of tension when the
bobbin is replaced in the shuttle, being at all
times ready for work. Its movement is 60
light a child can operate it. All who cannot
call at their office, 124 Fifth 6treet, San Fran
cisco, send for circular and price-list, which
will be sent free on application.
I am breeding l'ure English Berkshire Pigs
and have them constantly on hand. Also,
fifteen two and three-year-old Sows, several
of them with Fig; -3 line young serviceable
Boars. These are mostly from Pigs I import
ed from Kentucky. "Short-Horn" Cattle,
Merino and Cotswold Sheep. Peter Saxe,
Importer and Breeder. P. O. address, 1312
Folsom 6treet,corner of Ninth, San Francisco.
Peerless Yeast Powder.
Try it. For sale in quarter, one, two, five,
ten aud twenty pound packages by all gro
cers. B. F. Barton fc Co., manufacturers,
211 and 213 Sacramento street, San Francisco.
Land Owners Without Patents
Should enclose I 2 with their receipts to Col.
L. Bingham & Co., Attorneys for Claims, &c,
Washington, D. C, and receive their Land
Trailer's Indian Oil The simplest and
most powerful remedy for rheumatism, neu
ralgia, sore throat, and all aches and pains.
Sold everywhere, at tifty cents per flask.
Hatch's Universal CourIi Syrup has become one
of the leading rouli remedies iu our trade. We have
known cases where it has uiveu relief, where our best
medicine have failed. We warrant it iu every ease,
aud are Miti titled that it ie one of the beet medicines
of ita kind. iSUAKOX, SWIFT & CO..
Stirlinyville. X. V.
C' 1 1 o C?') Per day. Send for Chromo Catalogue.
tplU H J- H- noFFORD's Sons, Boston Mass.
bTiNSOK & Co., 1'ortlund. Maine.
MKM. II. A. MOOKK II Allt I'ltOI CC
er, lO Market street, San Francisco.
tif S i nd for Jtrclrn.
-1 stock selected Pure bred. Reduced priceH. Ad
drcss J. M. KEKLINGHR. :iii8. San Joaquin Co., Cal.
"V"KW V I X K I. A X I TEJIPKUAMK
J.1 Colony, in Southern California. fiT.U'O acres good
land, well tested for several years for fruit, grain,
vegetables; well wooded and watered, requiring no
irrigation; to be "ld to none but shareholders. Ouly
1 em perance families desired an colonists. Provision
for Schools, Churches, free Public Library, c. Pros
pectus mailed to any Hddresscs sent to office at Lom
poc, Santa Barbara Co., Cal.
Ei-dkk JAMES W. WEBB, President.
Charles Maltlv, Secretary.
J I.. COUNWKLL')) OF.X-
TAL ROOMS, 30 Kearny St..
near Buxh. Ethkhot Cblobofokx
administered. A lady assutaut in at-
wnaance. ltradbatks only em
ployed to operate.
Dividend Notice, No. 5.
pOLLATEKAL !.. AXI KAV1XCM
K Bank, corner Post and Kearny st , S. F. An ex
tra dividend of 5 per cent, for the six months ending
December 31st has been declared payable January 5;h,
to stockholders of record December 2?th.
F. S. CARTER. Sec'y.
Dividend Notice, No. 6.
COLLATERAL LOAX AX1 aAVIMiN
Bank, coruer Post and Kearnv sts.. San Fran
cisco The regular monthly dividend of 2 per cent,
for January, 1877. is declared, payable February 5th,
10 siocKuoiuers oi record January Xitii.
F. S CARTER,
I Kl 111 Mil EVCKYTimO
used in Apiarys, such as Hives,
Honey Lilrartorii, Knivrn,
Veil, etc.; I'ure Italian Queens. The
American lieele'pert' Guide paper
cover, 50 cts. : cloth hound, 75 cts. and
1.00. Send for Illustrated Pamphlet
free. Also energetic Agents want-d
for the betst selling works before the
public. Ml. I . CAMEKOX,
P. O. Box :!., San Francisco.
WANTED for the most
popular selling BOOKS
full particulars, A.
BAXCUOFT tt Co.. 71 MAKBIT St.. S. F.
iLINGpLlNG II IfS
itlS? RS l is P "
Merchant's Gargling Oil!
A Liniment for Man and Beast.
" Whether for use on mnn or beast, Merchant's Ganrllntr Oil will be found an Invaluable Linl
mrat. and worthy of use by every resident in the
nrucie now upeu in -o nuivu auares tue geou win oi ine people lO A frreaier ue
. .. 1 . .. .1 n rnit. Ut.ad i.l.tAl. n 1
greo man mis. ichvh . i mir-i mi auiuioi miu wiit ior numnn nesn. Ay. x. independent.
Kxtract from a letter from O. H. Simmonda. Unionvllie, la.. July 24, 1873. " I am selling morr
GarRlinfr Oil than all the liniments pnt together, and 1 am keeping twelve different kinds. J
think it is the best remedy for horiefleah
Extract from a letter from Shoemaker c.a
Popular horee liniment in this country."
more of your GarslinffOil than of all nth or li.ito ,i.i J j i.' , j v
and eattfe with good effect when other- hi f.
lirTrr on oni The iIt 1 e uC?v Derrv' N- H- AnS h 1873.-" We think your Garg
lin? Oil one of thebest articles for what it is recommendedlhat we hnve .r Twerl or nld
s v - v uuj immjcut
Merchant's" Garelinrz Oil
dered it oWeetlonahi- i,t. ri ' e1""1?
?re5A.0bJe5tl0.nab,e- Th Oil poeseeses all
wheWa liniment inW
hebiieri JaiL81' 18?7-" Yonr Gargling Oil i doing much better
J.kJ;... "y' 8lPeUa yirtuea have become known: and the bottles put up for family nae.
siam ana discolor the skin, bnt nnt .?,r" v,," rrT. . ."flXIt! "
. i ucasij, vice Verm, tho t.rlr
Merchant's Gargling Oil'as'an Internal Remedy.
when .n . "I' , r V" J9 a Oiffnsible stimulant and carminative. It can be taken internal
For(:mn.; ' ,D.al5aea, ana Is a good substitute ror pain killers, cordials and anodynes J
fiftAnPJL or bp-asms of the Btomach, Kollc, Asthma, or Internal Pain, the dose may be from
uneen to twenty droDS. on anmr nr mlrnH with vrnr In nrtr rnn.l..t v 1 . Ztl
intervals of three to "ofi h V u , '
Mvtun acuwT tv & ais LS
EstabiUhXf t" A"t.Mii oil,
fffPflrw m -
i."r ". JLarge size, f l; meamm,
Manufactured at Lockport, N, T., by M. G. o!
juaiL'n n i h. mil 11 1 f 11 1 1 1 1 .
, -w j 7
AGAIN IN THE MARKET.
Just Arrived, ex Ship
4,000 Cases of
IS PATEST FAIX'ET CAXS,
'PHE FIRST THAT HAS BEKN IN THE MAREX1
X. for blxty Uay.
IT IS THE ONLY OIL
That ia ABSOLUTELY
IT IS THE ONLY OIL
That Is ALWAYS CM
IT IS THE ONLY 0IL'KM
That Is PERFECTLY
IT IS THE ONLY OIL
Which has never been
. . the causeof an accident
IT IS THE ONLY OIL
Indorsed br all the In
surance Com pan ies a u d
Parties wishing a supply should send their orders to
their dealers lmiiiedi.itely.
For sale to the Trade in lots to suit by
THE OUj IIOU8E OF
F. B. TAYLOR & CO.,
General Agents Downer Kerosene Oil Company.
Offlc'B Xos.OandT. 815 California St., S. F.
$2 per gallon.
T. W. JACKSON. Son Fran
Cisco, tole A?ent for Califor
nia and Nevada.
C. & P. H. TIEEBLL & CO.,
IMPOBTKBS AKD MiNUFAOTURS liS
BOOTS AND SHOES,
NO. 41( CLAY STKKKT,
Between fiansotne and Battery, SAN FRANCISCO.
Mannfaornrers of Men's. Boys', Youth's, and Chil
dren's FINK CALK BOOTS.
Orders solicited and promptly filled. All sites and
qualities made at the lowest market prices.
Please examine the soods and prices.
S24 and HiG Kearny t., San Francisco.
91 SO and S2 06 PER DAY.
H. C. FATRLDOK. - - - Pbopkiktok.
Two Concord Coach, with the name of the
Hotel on, will always be in waiting at the landing to
convey pasgengers to the Hotel free. t"Be sure you
pet into the right Coach; if you do not. they will
MONTGOMERY AVEXCE asd KEARNY ST..
San Francisco. A new and commodious four
story Hotel, with 17S first-class light rooms, elegaat
ly furnished, and a Meam elevator. Free Coach
and Carriages to the liuuae from all points. Charges,
82.00 pur day.
JOHN KKtlY.Jr., Manager,
(For tea yearn Proprietor or tlie IlitOOK
LY.V IIOTKI.. . V.)
Ioots and Shoes.
JOHN Ml'LLIVAS, N. E. cor. Bat
tery and Jackson Sts., San Francisco,
otfers to make to order the bet French
Calf Leather BtOTS at from fS to !; Cal
ifurnia Leather Boots, 6; French Calf
Oxford Ties. l; California, tJ.56. Boys'
and Children's Boots and Shoes made to
order. Persons in the country ordering Boots and
Shoes to the amount of $12 or more will be allowed a
reduction of four per cent., to make the express
charges light. I sell Boots and Shoes of MY OWN
MANUFACTURE ONLY. Boots and Shoes sent
C. O. IX Positively one price.
o o jc :
ALBERT E. BURBANK, Im
porter and Breeder of tancy
'Fowls, Pigeons, Rabbils, Dogs,
etc. Also Kgg for hatching from
the finest of imported stock.
Eggs and Fowls at reduced
ALKERT K. BrKBASK.
4:t and 4 4 Cal. Market, S. F.
Euclose Stamp for Price List.
Pleaee Hate tchere you aio this AdcertUement.
1877. Postpaid. Sl.tiO.
A Monthly Magazine for Youngest Readers.
StPKBsiY InrsTBATFD. US'-Send ten cents for
a. Sample X umber aud Premium-Lint.
JOHN L. 8UOREY,
SO Kromfirld Street. Kotiton.
WHITNEY & HOLMES
The Finest Toned and Most Durable Made.
NEW STYLES. NEW SOLO STOPS.
Warranted Five Tears. Send for Price Lists.
WHITNEY & HOLMES ORGAN CO.. Qulncy. III.
P. N. P. C. No. 133.
Qi () a day at home. Aeents wanted. Ontflt and
Q I i tertns'fre-. TKUE CO.. Angiiflta. Maine.
' For Cirrul f.
I Pupil cJncat?J I
k thorough and
f ioi'tfttiu t ca
I practwalty for a 1
.1 : t
reer ia lilew
landT We know nf nn nmnriin maiiirina nA
. 1 1 -1 1 v . . 1 ' . . J ,
TttinmtnrtrTi Tna Oo -i-n. - mt i.iv
& ' ' ' "
Za "V ' "
as a Tamil v UnimfiTit-
Preparing the Oil free from .tain, to be wed as al
"e coloring ingredient which has heretofore ren-i
the mmiir-ln.l nronertle of that nniuml with th J
of remedies foi F.U purpose!
although prepared Intentionally for nu man flesh J
Oil nuvura wnll Tnr hniri.n float, 1.
r.; . i, .T . J , t . ? " i! rv J?" l
- fc vt Mmuiut BUU Ty UilC 1UI liumitn Ilfn
. . ....
h tne &ranaara Uniment of the United States.
&oc; small, 25c; email size for
Co., and sold by all dmggists.-
iHit:: nmnii . - Km i aitA r. r 1 1
r ju& D11.C iui inn 1 1 v iihh. - - n
"tf 1-3 A.
U M Porta.
II It HJ
H U s.f. a. E 9"