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About Oregon City enterprise. (Oregon City, Or.) 1871-188? | View Entire Issue (Feb. 8, 1877)
DEVOTED TO NEWS, LITERATURE, AND THE BEST INTERESTS OF ORECON.
OREGON CITY, OREGON, THURSDAY, FEBRUARY 8, 1877.
J A.i i J
THE E NTE RPIUgE.
A LOCAL NlWsPAPER
Farmer, Business Man, and Family Circle.
ISSUED EVERi' THURSDAY.
fra' ic . j "is :n jjrv.r,
rROrniliTOR AND PUBLI3IIKK.
OFFICIAL PAPER FPU CLACKAMAS COUNTY.
OFFICE la Enterprise Building, one
door south of Masonic Building, Main street.
Term of Mubscrl ption :
Single copy, one year, in advance $2 50
Single copy, six months, in udvuuce.... 1 50
Tcnub of Ailvertitlng; :
Transient advertisements, including
all legal notice-, per square of twelve
lines, one week $ 2 50
For each subsequent insertiou 1 00
On column, one year 120 00
Half " " 0 ) 00
(Quarter " " 4) ( 0
Business Card, one square, one year... 12 00
oi:;:c;on lodoi:, c 3, i. i.
O. F-, meets every Thursday even- , ,. .
uitf, aL ciock, in lue ouu 1 1 N-iAs .
lows' Hall, Main street. Meinb rs'-Jfr
of the Order are invited to attend.
Uv order of
ICEKKCCA DCtilJEE LODGE,
No. 2, I. O. O. F., meets on the
Second and Fourth Tuesday fA'iSi
evenings of each inonlh, at 7Jv. St tfrT
o'clock, in the Odd Fellows' Half. wL-iie
Members of the Deyre; are invited to attend.
MUrTSOMAH LODGE, No. 1,
A.r.&A. M., holds its rairular com a
munications on the First and Third -. i
Saturdays in each month, at 7 o'clock
from the 20 Hi of September to the X
20th of March; and 7ln' oYlo.-k from
the 20th of March to the 2nth of September
Brethren in good standing are invited to at
tend V order of W. M.
falls kncajiwiunt, No. 4,
I. O. O. F ., meets at Odd Fellows' Hall
on the First and Third Tuesday of
each month. Patriarchs in good etand
Injr are iu ited tn attend.
J. W. NORRIS,
I It y h i c i 11 11 11 (1 urgcuu,
OFFICE AND KLUIDSNCK :
On Fourth Street, ut foot of Cliff Stairway
Physician and Druggist.
t7Prescription8 carefully tilled at short
PAUL BOYCE, M. D.,
1 Ii y h i c i n ii ii tl Surgeon,
Oregon City, Oregon.
Chroijc Diseases and Diseases of Women
and Children a specialty.
Olllce hour day and night; alwava ready
when duty calls. Auir. 25, '70-tf
DR. JOHN WELCH,
OKltJOV HTV, OltUClO.
Illuhcat cash price paid for County orders.
JOHNSON & McCOWN,
Attorneys and Counselors at Law,
oui:i;os city, okkuox.
Will practice in all the Courts of the State.
Special attention given to case in the U. S.
Laiul UlUce at Oregon City. 5aprlS7'i-tf
L. T. BARIN,
"ATTORNEY AT LAW,
nitF,(i city, iti.(;.
"Will practice in all the Court of the
StHte. Nov. 1, lSTo-tf
W. H. HIGHFIELD,
One door North of Pope's Hall,
5iai st., oici:;o, city ouegox.
OTn. An assortment of watches. Jewelry,
niiu oeiu i iiomns teiifiil C locks, all
ii2of which are warranted to be as repre
sented. trKepairing done on short notice;
and thankful for past patronage.
aCiiili inll for imuy Ordrri.
Books, Stationery, 2?
PICTURE FRAMES. MOULDINGS
AND MISCELLANEOUS GOODS.
C'reoon Cirr, Oregon.
S-tAt the Post Oilice. Main Street, west
LuUocque, Savier it Co.,
K.-ep constantly on hand for gale Flour
Middlings, Bran and Chicken Feed. Parties
purchasing feed must furnish the sack.
Boot and Shoe Store,
One door north of Ackerman Bros.
t-e7Boois and Shoes made and repaired as
cheap as the cheapest.
Nov. I, lS75-tf
MILLER, CHURCH & CO.
JAV THE HIGHEST PRICE FOR
O At all times, at the
Olti:; CITY II I I I N
And have on hand FEED and FLOUR to
sen, at market rates. Parties desiring Feed
must, mrnian sucks, novli-tf
-V 'i- 'i-1 1 i :
rpilE BEST STOCK. OF STAl'LE AND
(JliOl'KIIlKS AND I'liOVlSIOXS.
The most complete stock of
CHINA, GLASS AND CROCKERY WARE.
Agent for Wells. Far-o & Co.; Liverpool,
London V ;iohe Insurance Co.; New York
-'ukuai insurance 10.
OREGON CITY BREWERY.
AYlAli nnri'li.u.H ,,. .1
Brewery, wishes to inform the.
DUbllC that h- w nr. 1 . .
v. . " v' I'lcuureu 10 111 all UI ac
ture a No 1 quality of
A Pood as be obtained anywhere in the
State. Orders solicited and promptly filled.
The Farmer's Lesson.
If I had told her in the spring
The old. old story, briefly,
When sparrows and robin began to sing,
'And the plowing was over chiefly!
But haste makes waste, and the story sweet,
I reasoned, will keep through the sowing,
Till I drop the corn, and plant the wheat,
And give them a chance for growing.
Had I even told the tale in June,
u uen me wind tnrougii the grass was
Instead of thinking it rather too soon,
And waiting till after the luowin-!
Or had I hinted, out under the stars,
That I knew a story worth hearing,
Lingering to put up the pasture bars,
Nor waited to do the shearing!
Now the barn is full, and so is the bin,
But I've grown wise without glory,
Since love is the crop not gathered in
For my neighbor told her the story!
The First Snow Storm.
Out on the landscape's wide expanse
You see a little mound, perchance,
And o'er it bends above the stone
A willow, distant and alone.
When summer daj-s were warm and fair,
We marked the spot with daisies rare,
And lingered oft till shadowy night
Had hid the hillock from our sight.
At last the autumn, brown and sere,
Gave token of a vanished year,
Whose birds and many tinted flowers,
With wavy ti.;lds and leaTy bowers,
Had faded like some happy strain,
Which ne'er should come to us again.
We knew that leaves and flowers would fade,
And in the damp, dark earth he laid.
Like treasured loves and faces dear,
Which never to us now appear;
'Tis then the snowllakes, white and chill,
With sad, sad thoughts our bosoms fill.
And then the saddest thought of all,
Which always comes when snowllakes fall,
Is, that a burial sheet so cold
Should ever round those dear ones fold.
Iiuruiiigrof the Body of Baron de Palm.
Starting from Vienna, Austria, in
I0T0, with all the impetus that a hearty
recomincndati.iii of tli. -Managers of the
World's Exhibition could mvu it, crema
tion was yesterday firmly planted on the
soil of free America. If there had been
the slightest delect in the nroccss t
Baron Vou Palm's crematinn.that method
of disposing of the remains of. the depart
ed would have received a deathblow in
this country. Bat the experiment was a
success, not ah ne in the perfect iuciuer
ation of the body, but also from a sani
tary standpoint. Opponents of crema
tion have asserted that the gases arising
from the burning body would poison the
surrounding atmosphere. The test of
yesterday proved that the gases can, and
are consumed in the furnace, before
reaching the Hue through which the
smoke passes t he air beyond.
The experiment yesterday proved
ani tlier thing iucontestably. Two hours
and twenty seven minutes were consumed
in the cremation of the body of the B iron
and as a preliminary to the cremation it
was necessary to maintain a fire in the
furmice during thirty-six hours, so that it
might be brought to a proper degree of
heat fr the teception of the body. In
the actual work of incineration but forty
bushels of coke were used. These facts
hov that the system is yet in its infancy
here, even iu the application of facilities.
The furuace of Dr. Lie Moyne is suscepti
ble of many improvements, whereby there
would be much saving of tiaie and fuel.
At the exhibition at Vienna Pn.fessor
Brunetti displayed the ashes of a man
whose corpse weighed but ninety pounds.
The body was reduc.-d to a.-liL's in about
four hours, at an expenditure of about
1G0 pounds of wood. The furnace he
used was oblong in shape, and was made
of refractory bricks.
The greatest success in the matter of
furnaces has been achieved by Siemens.
His furnace is c instructed on the principle
01 regcner.Hiive near. 10 uuihl it csts
about $l,2o0, or about $b'00 less than that
of Lu .Moyne, and it will incinerate a
body ol 200 pounds weight iu one Lour,
it ati xpeuse ot i,j cents tor fuel. The
wife of Sir Charles JJilke was cremated in
i furnace of this description at Dresden
Yesterday's cremation vividly recalls the
burning of thrj body of t fie poet Shelley,
on tne oanKs ol tne .Mediterranean, in
182. The honid detiils of that sad
scene iu Tuscany are familiar to all Eng
lish readers, as Trelawnev did not fail to
graphically reproduce them. That was
probably the first cremation in modern
times. That of yesterday was the first of
auy time since the settlement of this
country, or. at least, thu first uromoted
and successfully carried to completion by
the civilized people of the country, and
the reader of the detailed report append
ei can not fail to mark the great contrast
between the scientific cremation of Von
Palm and the burning of poor S ielley.
The successful cremation of the re
mains of V. u Palm in Little Washing
ton, yesterday, was an event that will
nuke that borough famous. But iti citi
zens did not seem to appreciate it. The
nvij rity of them are hard headed Pies
byteri ins ; and they are pron to regard
the reform as a desecration of the dead.
Rev George P. Hays, the President of
Washington and Jaf,Tson C .liege, is a
notable exception, h .svever, and his in
fluence has .lone much to mollify the
tne peop.e of his sect there ib nits. The
apathy .,f the people seemed to be a stud
ied one and very few of them visited
C,aIlos 111 1 1 during the cremation of the
B iron. I lie narrow space around the
but. ding was at no time crowded. Few
carriages were driven to the seen:; and
those were of a public character. ' The
reception room, small as it was, was suf
ficiently com modi us t accommodate
the spectators in attendance. Scientific
men were conspicuous by their absence
and before Hie cremation was over it
leaked out that the slim attendance of
notables was attributable to Dr. Le
Moyne, who had notified them that there
would be no room for them. The night
helore the event was a busv one for Col.
Olcott. Upon him devolved the whole
business of arrangenient.and of this duty
he acquitted himself verv creditably. At
the last moment there was some discus
sion as to whether the body should be in
serted head or feet b.remost, but at the
earnest suggestion of Dr. Le Moyne the
body was put iu head first.
The crib rested on the catafalque near
a winuow in tne reception room, and di
rectly opposite the d oor leadi.og from the
trout ot the building. Iu the crib were
the remains of the Baron. The head only
was exposed, the body being wrapped in
a wiinuug sueta 01 linen, l he t::ce was
very dark, nearly black in color, but the
features were natural. Tiie tissues were
flaccid, and the eyes sunken and wasted.
W nil the exception of a faint smell of
carbolic acid, the remains were odor
less. The body was in such a condition
that a number of physicians expressed
the opinion that it would not be a diffi
cult work to separate the skin from the
mu.-cular tissues. The odor of carbolic
acid noted aresy from a crystalization of
that acid with which the cavity of Ihe
stomach had been partlv filled. Iu ad
uiuou 10 1111s, a preparation ot potters
clay was used in the process of embalm
ment. ihe body weighed nicety-two
At fifteen minutes after S o'clock Col
Olcott completed the preparation of
the body for cremation. Frankincense,
myrrh, and aromatic spices were sprin
kled over it, and then it was wrapped in
a iiuea cloth, which had been saturated
iu a solutiou of alum. A few primroses,
some immortel'es, a bunch of geraniums
and roses, and several sprigs of evergreen
were laid upon the dead Baron's breast,
and til' pall bearers stepped to the crib
and lifted the body from the catafalque.
At the head were Henry S. Olcott and
Henry J. Newton, the executors of the
Baron, and at the feet were Dr. Le Moyne
and Dr. Asdale, of Pittsburg. Before the
body was put into the furnace the mem
bers of the Theosophical Society broke off
sprigs ot the evergreen, and put theui
carefully away as mementoes of the occa
sion. The march to the furnace was a
very short oue. A blast of furious heat
came from the furnace when the door
was opened, and the p ill-bearers propelled
the body quickly into it. It w as thought
that the first attack of the flame would
consume the coverings of the body, and
to avert this the winding sheet, soaked in
aium water, had been wrapped about it.
Ihe temperature ot the furnace was then
1,000 degrees.and this was increased until,
after the body was in the furnace about
an hour, the temperature was believed to
be about 2,000 degrees. This was purely
hypothetical, however, 'is there was no py
rometer at hand to accurately determine
the intensity of the heat.
It was about twenty-five minutes after
8 o'clock when the door of the furnace
was closed upon the remains of the Baron,
and, for probably ten seconds after, an
uupleasaut smell tainted the room. The
odor was faint but quite pronounced
enough to be noted by the spectators. A
constant current of air was forced into
the furnace by a blower.
For the first half hour observations
were made every tew minutes, and no
ch tnge could be observed in the appear
ance of the body in the crib. The
evergreens had curled up on each
.-.ide of the crib, forming an arch
over the remains. Ihe crib was red
hot in a moment after it was put into the
furnace, and by following the line of its
tipper rail the body could bj plainly seen
through the small hole in the furnace
At ten minutes past 9 o'clock the form of
the body was unchanged. The winding
sheets bad not crumbled away, and the
corpse looked like a black line in a sea
of rosy lire. Cd. Olcott made an obser
vation at this time, and expressed the
opinion that the body was destroyed, but
the ashes still retained the natural form.
Five miuutes after this another observa
tion disclosed the bones of the left knee,
incandescent and protruding from the
winding sheets. At t lie same moment
the bare and illumined skull was also vis
ible, and aDove it tne evergreens were
curled into a wreath. It had been sug
gested that there was no draft in the fur
nace, but a test was made by Dr. Ottarson,
and it was found tint it current of air
constantly passed into it. This did not
circulate iu the furnace, however, as the
oxygen was combusted the moment it en
tered, and the hydrogen was diffused in
vapor, and therefore there was no current
of air passing through the furnace.
At twenty minutes after 9 o'clock the
ribs ou the left side showed through the
linen wrappers, and a few moments after
the larger bouts of the thigh and leg ou
the same sidd of the body w ere apparmt.
The wreath and arch of evergreens were
still iutact. At 9:43 another observation
was made. Then it was impossible to
distinguish the outline of the body. The
furnace was in a rosy glow, and a slight
mist rose from th-3 body, and filled' the
space below the arch. From the midst
of what appeared to be a molten mass
in the crib the evergreens rose in faint
black liues, but in perfect form.
At ten minutes to 11 o'ch ck, Col. Ol
cott, Dr. Lj Moyne and Dr. Asdile, and
three he iltii officers, made extended ob
servations. The crib was pushed forward,
and the moment it was moved there was
a g-eat ciumbling of the body. Dr. Ot
tarson announced that the incineration
was almost complete. So great a portion
of the body had been reduced to ashes,
and had fallen to the bottom of the re
tort, that the low er rails of the crib upon
which the body rested were expose i to
view. The pelvis had not then been in
cinerated, and the sprigs of spruce were
still in perfect form.
At 11 o'clock the incineration was com
plete, nothing being left of the Baron but
three pints of ash s, q-iite enough to fill
the small urn which res'ed on the top of
the furnace dm ing th? cremation. The
h.-at was kept up in the furnace until 12
o'clock, to make the assurance of the com
pletion of the work doubly sure.
During the process of the cremation,
men were sent out into the surrounding
country to make observations of the ef
fect of the smoke upon the atmosphere.
There was no percejitible taint of the
pure, crisp oir. The smoke ascended in
a steady volume during the whole time,
and was diffused about the neighborhood
by the sharp mountain winds. It was
as pleasant to the nostrils as any smoke
could be. There was no odor about it at
all, and it was much to be preferred to
the black clouds that lise from our man
ufactories. At 12 o'clock, Col. Olcott and Dr. Le
Moyne made a last inspection of the re
mains, ami the cremation was declared
to be complete. What was left iu the
furnace still retained the outlines of a
human being, but it required but the
coyest touch of the gentlest summer
zepnyr to crumble it into an indistin
guishable pile of ashes. The gentlemen,
upon becoming satisfied of this, ordered
the fire to be drawn and the crematory
bricked up. To day, at 12 o'clock, the
ashes will be carefully collected and de
posited iu an antique vase, procured by
Col. Olcott for the purpose,fn;m the region
of the Upper Nile. The vase or urn is of
red clay, and lias a short neck, and in
is shape very like those found in excava
tions in eastern ruins. Brass handles are
on both sides. A brass plate, with the
following Liscri ption, will be put upon
one side of the vase: "Joseph Henry
L )uis Charles, Baron de Palm, Grand
Commander of the Sovereign Order of
the Holy Sepulchre at Jerusilem, Prince
of the Roman Empire, and Knight of St.
John of Malta." The ashes will be
sprinkled with perfume before being en
closed iu this receptacle, after the old
custom of the ancient liomans, and es
peci ally the Greeks. The urn will be
taken back with the party of the Theo
sophical S -ciety and kept by them iu
their temple iu New York.
Dr. F. J ulius Le Moyne is a gray haired
man, now very nearly eighty years of
age, of French parentage, and was born
and reai ed at the place he now resides.
His life as a medical man has been a suc
cessful one, and I e has had, and has yet,
a large practice. His wife, a Miss Bureau,
died some years since, leaving, besides
the Doctor, the following family: John
Le Jloyne, present Democratic member
of Congress from Chicago, Third District
of Illinois: Frank Le Movne. M. D..
partner of Dr. James King, of this city,
ind Julius Le Moyne, who prefers an
agricultural life in Washington. His
daughters are Mrs. J. A. Wills, of Wash
ington, D. C; Mrs. Harding, of Wash
ington, Pa.; Mrs. Nicholas Wade, for
merly of Pittsburg, now of C ilumbus,
Ohio, and a lively young lady who stays
at home, who vowed last evening- that her
life of late had been made hideous by
the uucear-intr calls of the newspaper
men, or words to that effect. Mis. Wills
keeps house for the old doctor iu the sub
stantial family homestead, on Maiden
street. In 18;j.j Dr. Le Moyne became
the champion of Abolitionism, and was
the anti-slavery candidate for Vice-President
of the United States, iu conjunction
with James G. Biiney, of Cincinnati, for
President; was candidate for Governor of
Pennsylvania in 1811, '44, aud '47, in the
latter year leceiviug 2,5(G "Abolition"
votes. In 1845 h; assisted in the estab
lishment of the Washington Patriot, c u
ducted by Russell Errett, Esq., and which
was run as an aiti-slavery paper.
.The D ctor is well "fixed," financially,
being worth, on good authority, over two
hundred thousand dollars. He has ma le
the following donations: "To the Le
M yne Normal School for Colored Per
sons, at Memphis, Tenn., $20,000 in 18G3
or 'CO; to the founding of a professorship
iu Washington and Jefferson C dlege
of agricultural science or something sim
ilar, $20,000, seven or eight years since;
and to the founding of a library at Wash
ington, $10,000, 'in 1S0." It seems
scarcely fair, but to make this record
complete it must be stated, that another
eh. . laiicd hobby of the Doctor's is that
water was not intended by nature to be
used for abluti nary purposes, and that
he rigidly lives up to, and eloquently ar
gues, this theory. To-day he has the ap
pearance of one whose end has almost
come. An 1 yet the Doctor's features bear
the impress of firmness and characterist
ic dignity, and he talks of the time when
he shall occupy the fearful white-hot re
tort as au alfair of the near future. The
disease known as diabetes mellitus has un
dermined his strong system, and to walk
about he requires the aid of two canes.
In conversing upon Ids pet theme lie
never hesitates for a word, expression, or
simile, and wiil brook no contradiction.
Biron Joseph Henry Louis de Palm
was born at Augsburg, May 10, 1809, and
was for a time Chamberlain to the King
of Bavaiia, and afterwards followed a
diplomatic career. He held patents of
nobility in a German baronial family,
dating from 832. He came to this coun
try previous to 18G0, and secured papers
of American citizenship in Cnicago in
18GI. He invested in Cnicago real estate
and minin operations, but with indiffer
ent success. After living in the West for
a time he went t New York, and there,
by his learning and accomplishments,
gained an entrance into cultivated society.
He aided in organizing the Theosophical
Society, and became one of its prominent
members. The Baron had always taken
a deep interest in philosophical scientific
research, and the line of study pursued
by the Theosophical Society aroused his
earnest attention. Tiie purpose of the
soci-.ty is to study the history of ancient
mystic symbols, religion and science, the
psychological powers of man and his re
lations to the laws of nature. They seek
to obtain knowledge of the nature and
attributes of the Supreme Power by in
quiring into physical laws. Iu short, the
aim of the society is to study the Supreme
B-.dug by processes directly opposed to
the lessons of revelation. B iron de Palm
willed all his worldly possessions to Hen
ry S. Olcott, President, in trust for the
society, and left instructions that his fun
eral should be a simple ceremonial in ac
cordance with the rites of the ancient
Egyptian ritual, and he expressed a wish
thttno Caristiau clergyman should be
present at the funeral. Pittsburg Dis
patch. O, blessed state of intimacy, when you
may sit by a person for hours and never
speak to him !
COURTESY OF BANCROFT LIBRARY, I
-,i-rr-,(- -rrrrj- rfC HIT TTTfYQtaTA I
Curious Irish Custom.
In a rather retired part of the south of
Ireland, near to the famous bkibbereen,
a curious and not uninteresting custom
prevails, called "Shrafting." It takes its
name from Shrove (otherwise Shraft)
I uesday, on which day a regular matri
monial "Tattersall" is held, where all
the "likely boys and girls"' in the parish
are ou view, and all the "matches" iu the
year are made. For davs before there is
quite a stir in the neighborhood; and a
twitter runs through the entire female
population. There is a universal stitch
ing and a baying of ribbons; every girl
you meet on the road holds out her hand
for a "sixpence;" and you can't speak to
a domestic servant without her hanging
out signals of distress. Indeed, there is
this objectionable side to the proceeding,
that it disorganizes one's establishment;
for just as you have caught and trained a
neat-handed Phyllis for yourself, she is
sure to be pounced on and carried off by
some of the coast-guards, who always at
tend the shrafting from the fishing vil
lage near at hand. The shrafting is in
itself a pretty sight, and would furnish a
subject for the pencil of any wandering
artist, if such came that way. The girls
stand in a row on the village green, under
the spreading branches of a fine old cop
per beech tree. There is every expression
en th-ir faces anxiety, cariosity, timid
ity, dull stupidity, sharp, shrewish in
terest; and here and there you come on
such a pretty country beauty, with that
indescribable half-arch, half-shy look in
the eyes which Maclise has caught in
perfection. At a little distance are clus
tered a lot of shame-faced looking men
'the boys," as they are called all iu their
Sunday suits, aud evidently ill at ease,
and eyeing with some distrust the supe
rior attractions of the coast-guards, who
are, like the redcoats, favorites among the
ladies. But that iu reality matters little,
as the real con luct of the aff tir is iu th ;
hands of the "powers that be" the lath
ers and mothers who haggle and quarrel
over their respective children, sometimes
breaking up the negotiations abruptly
aud carrying on either son or daughter,
as the case may be, as they would an un
salable beast from a fair. Of course little
bits of romance crop up here as else
where cases of money versus love, and
young hearts sold to the highest bidder,
just as they are in a Belgraviau drawing-
room. Chambers' Journal.
A Venetian Funeral.
I happened to witness a picturesque
funeral in Venice. It was that of a cho
rus boy, in a church on one of the smaller
canals somewhere west of the Rialto. 1
stumbled on the church accident illy that
forenoon, and was not able to find it
again the next day a circumstance to
which the incident perhaps owes the
fairy-like atmosphere that envelopes it
for me. The building had disappeared,
like Aladdin's palace, in the night. They
were performing a mass as I entered. Tne
great rose window behind the organ aud
the chancel win lows were darkened with
draperies, and the coloss il caudles were
burning. lue coffin, covered with a
heavily-embroidered pall, stood on an
elevated platform in front of the mag
nificent altar. 'Ihe in laid columns glisten
ing in the candle-light, the t-moke of the
incense curling lazily up to the frescoed
dome, the priests iu elaborite robes kneel
ing around the bier it was a masterly
composed picture, w nen tne ceremonies
were C- neluded, the coffin w as lifted from
th-3 platform by six young friars and
borne to a gondola in waiting at the steps
near the portals. The priests, carrying a
n crucifix and several tall gilt
torches, unlighted, crowded into the b w
and stern of the floating hearse, which
was attached by a long rope to another
gondola occupied by oarsmen. Follow
in" these were two or three covered gou-
doias, whose connection with the obse
quies were not clear to me, as they ap
peared to be empty. Slowly down the
narrow canal, iu that dead stillness which
reigus in Venice, swept the sombre flo
tilla, bearing its unconscious burden to
the Campo Santo. The air was full of fra
grant spring scents, aud the sky that
arched over all was carved of one vast un
clouded turquoise. In the deserted
church were two old cronies scraping up
the drippings of the wax caudles from the
tassellited pavement. Nothing except
time is wasted iu Italj-Atlantic Monthly.
A Quick Juror.
Judge Gibson tells an amusing story of
the way that a juror "went for" convic
tion. He says he was trying a murder
case a lew years ago oown in one oi me
wire-grass counties,and experienced great
difficulty in getting a jury. Eieven jurors
had been sworn in, aud in the next panel
was brought in a small, lean, caiaverous
lookinc fellow, who had on only one
shoe, his pants being nearly above his
kifes, his shirt open both front and back,
and the aforesaid pants held up by a sin
gle brace. The solicitor proceeded to
ask the usual questions in such cases as
follows: "Have you, from having seen
the crime committed, or having heard
any of the testimony delivered under
oath, formed or expressed any opinion as
to the guilt or innocence of the prisoner
at the bar?" The single-brace fellow, in
a cle ir and distinct voice, answered, "Not
auy." "Have you any prejudice or bias
resting ou your miud for or against the
prisoner at the barf"' "I hain't.'" "1$
your mind perfectly impartid between
the State and the accused?" "Hit air."
"Are you conscientiously opposed to cap
ital punishment?" "I isn't." The iu b'e
did not like the juror much, but, it beiuo-
late and jurors scarce, he was "put upon"
the prisoner in the usual manner, the so
licitor sayiug, "Juror,look upon the pris
oner; prisoner, look upon the juror." The
juror was quite near the prisoner, aud
when this command was given he bent
over him, scanning him from head to foot
intently for some minutes; he then turned
to the judge and said, in a firm, solemn
voice, "Ves, judge, I think he's guilty."
Thomas Cahltle's sole dissipation is
tobacco, which he inhales through a com
mon clay pipe.
How Queen Victoria Lives.
Tiie Queen's drawing-room aud bed
room are more simple than those of some
New York la lies I know. The first-men
tioned is upholstered in pale-blue satin,
the walls hun r here and there with a few
family portraits. The books of the day
the magazines and ( when her JM iiesty is
at tiie castle) the newspapers, are placed
here. In this parlor bre.ikf.ist is laid
each lU' i id ig for the Q leen and her only
uumarr.e i daughter, the
trice. Lum li and dinner are serve i in a
hands me dining-room on the other sid
of the gallery, toe most recent adornment
ot h c:i are p rtiai; f tlu Duke ami
Du tiers of E iinburgh, the Queen being,
it is suid, uiojt particularly ait-ched to
her proud and imperial d iught'-i-iu-law.
The bed-room where her widowtd Maj
esty sleeps is hung with two shades of
yellow satin, and there is little adorn
ment to it in the way of art objects. But
if it were bare of every yard of hanging,
every stitch of furniture, it wouid stili
possess such a vision of loveliness over
paikand stream, meadow and lawn from
its windows as would recompense for the
lack of any niau's adornments. It is
quite sufficiently provided with these,
however, and is a comfortable, elegant,
small and cozy bed-room.
Further on, the privileged visitor will
find the rooms which were always occu
pied at Windsor by the Prin :e C insort,
and h ive never been used since his death.
The faithful servitor who points them out
says that nothing has bv;cii touched iu
them since tlu fatal 14 h of December,
lSGLwhen the "blameless Piiuce" quitted
these scenes of earthly glory to find, let us
nope, even more delightful ones aiuwi"
celestial spheres. Tne Prince's hat and
cane stand where he last placed them;
the book he was readiuir is open at the
page where he left off; the bed ..n which
he slept and whereon he diedstmds ex
actly as it did when he bre .tiled bis last;
an insciiptiou on its fo ttrec rds the date
d his birth and of his death. To come
lailv i:ito these desei tdd rooms aud -see for
herself that the thoughtless hand of some
servant has not disturbed any of their
pious arrangements; to gaze her fid on the
vacant couch, the unfinished book; even
(it is said) to herself brush away any
trace of dust which mav have fallen
widiiri the hour upon the cherished relics
t her dead husband, is a duty scrupu
lously performed by this exulted wom
an and good wifj each day when she
is at "Windsor. It may be that it is the
reports ot these truly wifely actions
which could not degrade a woman if she
were a queen of heaven instead of Em
press ot ludia which have spread from
up to up aud iormed a basis tor un
founded gossip about the Q aeen's semi
lunacy concerning the Prince. Tb.it she
causes his plate to be placed at all meals,
talks to him as if he were preeut, and
other things more shoe-king than these,
are rumors without a grain of truili in
them ut this time or formerly.
Ordinarily niue or ten pairs out of
every thousand Pniladelphians are mated
iu a year. But iu 1875 the proportion
fell otf nearly a fifth, and was less than
iu any year since 18b'l. Tiie cause is no
doubt to be found in the general depres
sion ot business, a cause that applied al
most equally in 18GI, when tiiere was a
prospect ot war. Comparing the;e and
ther years, it appears evident th it people
marry most w hen general business is most
lively. For all who are becoming anx
ious on the subject of matrimony theie
is much information in these statistics as
to his chances. Tne tendency to mar
riage is greater in Pniladelphia than in
E igland, but less than in Massachusetts.
1'he great opportunity of marrying for
either sex occurs between the ajes of
20 and 2o; the chances are not seriously
diminished for men iu the ensuing five
years, but for women as they approach
30 there is nowhere near -half as much
probability. The fact tint if people
mean to marry at all they should set
about it in the earlier years of maturity
is very plainly enforced by these figures.
At about the age ot 2o unmarried women
have lost two-thirds of their chances; at
30, sixth-sevenths; at 40, tweuty-uine-thittieths.
When a bachelor has readied
30 years, he has lost seven-tenths of bis
opportunities; at 40, more than niue
tenths. Marriages iu which there is
great disparity of ages seem to be com
paratively rare in Philadelphia; the old
gentlemen of that city do not take kindly
.. yjun "iviis, iu iota oniy one
girl under 20 married a man of over 50
years, and only one woman under 30
married a man of over 70. October is
the favored month with people desirino
wedlock, but they are almost equally
well satisfied with auy of the winter or
fall months. On the other hand, March,
whether in its quality of lamb or lion, is
considered a wretched mouth for bridals;
aud August and July are almost touallv
out of favor. 2f. T. Tribune.
Cookixg schools appear to be regarded
with considerable favor in England. In
November, 1875, schools were opened in
two places. In each case all the board
schools in the respective divisions were
requested to seud a certain proportion of
selected pupil teachers an 1 scholars qual
ified by age, regular attendance and good
conduct, able and ready to attend the
cookery classes. Each pupil was re
quired to attend a lesson for two hours
in the afternoon once a fortnight, until
twenty lessons were given, and it was ar
ranged that from thirty to fotty from a
group of schools should attend at a time.
After ten lessons had been given an ex
amination was held which was so suc
cessful that two more centers were
opened in May, 1876. The instruction
at the four centers has been steadily car
ried on up to the present time. Eight
hundred and sixteen girls have attended.
Oxe cranberry patch in Pennsylvania
yielded one thousand aud nineteen
bushels this year, and when a man
stopped to look at the crop five minutes
it drew his mouth up iuto such a knot
that he couldn't find his moustache.
The New North Sea Caual.
Rotterdam, with all the drawbacks to
its trade, has had fewer difficulties to
contend with than Amsterdam. Embayed,
as it were, iu the remote recesses of the
shallow Zayder Zee, Amsterdam was al
ways most disadvainaieously situated.
At last the meu-hants began to grow im
patient of having to tranship the cargoes
of deep-laden Indiamen, or to fl at them
Lkt.veen a coup'e of "camels" oer the
ugly bar of the Painpus. Toey subscribed
Capi.'al. obtained g iver.iiuent aid, and
m:ide the sixty nnhs of ti e xre it North
II dlaiul canal, rather iu opp. sitioa to
the idea of the reiguiug monarch, who
is said to have mciiued to the alternative
outlet winch has since been adopted. The
North Holland canal answered its pur
pose indifferently. So they went to
work to find the ways aud meius for a
canal by the shortest cut to the North
Sea, which should make their port ac
cessible to all comers, instead of being a
place to be avoided by fre:ghters and fn-
surers. It was a great ertoit lor a city
that had begun to decline; nor was it
easy to raise the capital. However, after
many hitches aud some serious delays,
the government, the municipality, and
private adventurers came to an under
standing aud carried out the scheme.
The length of the canal was only sixt-en
miies; out the engineering difficulties
were very great, and the estimated out
lay was 2,000,000 ($10,000,000.) Nor
will that estimate seem excessive if we
remember that the best pait of the work
was a feat original engineering iu oue
shape or another.
i'.ie magnificently m issive masonry of
the locks .it S.ii Hit gwo l le is laid on a
substructure of puto, a id the f n d dions
of the dyke whicn fo es the sea there we
simply bundles of f tscines su ik .u ihe
mud. Rep -ated eXoeJiin mts had lal e i
before toat simple sobitiou of the pioo-
leui was hit upon. the canal bet, to
within a fj-.v miles of the west coast, had
to be dug out of toe treacherous bottom
of a shallow lake. Beyond this of the Y
there was only a wilderness of loosely
heaped sand-hills, so that the bank must
necessarily be formed of a material that
was set iu movement by a puff of wiud
or by the plash of each passing vessel.
Finally, the North Sea harbor had to
be constructed artificially fr a refuge at
a spot w here, so far from there being nat
ural facilities, there was nothing but a
forbidding line of sand-hills. Eaormous
breakwaters of stupendous blocks of
stone aud concrete, eacil breakwater be
ing nearly a mile in length, threw out
their long anus in a wide sweep into
one of the stormiest of seas; while locks
of suitable solidity were indispensable to
protect the couutry behind from sudden
.submersion. It may give some notion of
the magnitude of the undertaking and of
the care and completeness with which it
has been executed, if we remark that
four years ago we passed through the
canal in a stiauier, from the locks at
Sehelliugwoude to those near ihe sea; so
that even then it was practicable for all
intents aud purposes, except r the com
pletion of the ixteiior harbor works, and
some of the interior dredging.
It is characteristic, too, of the way in
which the habitable area of H dland has
been extended that the formation of the
canal has been accompanied by works
of reclamation which will repay, accord
ing to calculation, half of the two mil
lions expended. When the Y was cut "ff
from the Zayder Z se it became possible to
pump it dry, and ground which a few
ears ago was under water is selling now.
as we aie informed, at an average ff 8J
p-r acie. It is tne dream of the Dutch
man to do ti e same by the ZuyderZee as
they are doing by the Y; and we should
be sorry to say decidedly that the grand
f mcy is impracticable. It may be a
mere question of obtaining on faith suf
ficiunt advances of mo:iey,which can only
be slowly. In any case the American
people may'pointto the North Sea canal
as a sufficient reason for claiming respect
ful consideration to any further schemes
which they may submit to capitalists.
London Saturday Review.
The Trade in Camphor.
More than usual interest has centered
in our trade iu refined camphor of late,
owing to a marked advance in prices.
Tins has been caused by a decided ad
vance iu London and iu the markets of
Coina and Jajaau. Camphor is a drug of
no small importance iu the materia med
ial, and any market advance in the value
is significant. The imports into tha
United States for the nine months of
this year ending October 1, were 009,977
lbs. crude, valued at 70,534, against
G93,833 lbs., valued at $78,715, during the
corresponding peiiod last year, a decrease
in the quautity imported of 2G,871 lbs.
Tiie decrease in the value, as here stated,
may be attributed to rather low prices
for crude which ruled early in the year,
but the value of the drug, as intimated, is
now considerably greater, not only as
compared with this time last year, but
also with any previous time this year.
The manufacturers' iu4ce here is now 33
cents per pound for refined, against 25
cents at this time last year. There is a
fair trade being done at the price men
tioned. Camphor is admitted free of
duty, and we receive it both from London
and the East. It is procured in large
quantities from the camphor tree in Chin
and Japan. Some is obtained by distilla
tion of the wood, but considerable is
found in crystals in the heart of the tree.
The quantity obtained this year is (small
er than usual. The necessary art of re
fining camphor was in Europe for a long
period known only to the Vemtians, but
American manufacturers of the present
day make as fiue a grade as can be pro
duced anywhere. The most of this drug
is refined in Philadelphia.
About 1,200 Icelanders have immi
grated into Manitoba and settled on Lake
Winnipeg, at a place which they call
Oimli. The Colonial Government has
given them land and helped them to get
over. They are very unlucky, however,
this winter numbers of them, especially
children, having died of smallpox. if.