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About Oregon City enterprise. (Oregon City, Or.) 1871-188? | View Entire Issue (Dec. 28, 1876)
OREGON CITY, OREGON, THURSDAY, DECEMBER 28, 1876.
' " : H Y ' ? . . jT tj tz
7 0'-' i SJj
DEVOTED TO NEWS, LITERATURE, AND THE BEST INTERESTS OF OREGON.
"a local newspaper
Firmer, Business Man, and Family Circle.
ISSUED EVERV FRIDAY.
ritOI'KIETOK AND PUBLISH BK.
OFFICIAL PAPER FDR CLACKAMAS COUJiTY.
OFFICE In En'Tekj'kise Buildins:, one
door south of Masonic Building, Main street.
Term of Mubxorlpt Ion :
Single copy, one year, in advance $2 50
ijiugle copy, six months, in advance 1 50
Transient advertisements, including
All le-:il notices, per square of twelve
lines, one week $ 2 50
For each subsequent insertion 1 00
one column, one year 120 00
Half " " 00
Quarter " " 40 00
B isiness Card, one square, one year.. . 12 00
oki:gox loihji:, x. a, i. i.
O. F., meets every Thursday even
in"', at 7i o'clock, in the Odd Fel
lows' Hall, Main street. Members
of the Order are invited to attend.
Uy order of N. O.
No. 2. I. O. O. F.
meets on the
and Fourth Tuesday jj?'j;
evenings or each month, at T f :w ft ry
II lit l IV, 1U me uuu i tiiunfi linn.
Members of the Degree are invited to attend.
MULTNOMAH LODGE, No.
A.F. ic A. M., holds its regular com-
munieations on the First and Third
Saturdays in each month, nt 7 o'clock
fiomthe20lu of fceptemter to the
20th of March: and 7a o'clock from
the 20th of March to the 20th of September.
Brethren in good standing are invited to at
tend. By order of W. M.
FALLS j;NCAMl3IKNT, No. 4,
I. O. O. F., meets at Odd Fellows' Hall
on the first and Third Tuesday of
each month. Patriarchs in good stand
ing are invited to attend.
J. W. NORMS,
1 li y i c i 4i ii and Snrgcon.
OFFICE AND RESIDENCE :
On Fourth Street, at foot of Cliff Stairway.
CAMIY, ... OKK;0,
Physician and Druggist.
carefully filled at short
PAUL BOYCE, M. D.,
Physician and Surgeon,'
Okegox City, Oregon.
Chronic Diseases and Diseases of Women
and Children a specialty.
Office houra day and night; always ready
when duty calls. " Aug. 25, '70-tf
DR. JOHN WELCH,
TP. "NT r-n t c; n-1 tS-
oiti:a CITY, ORKGOX.
Iliirhest cash price paid for County orders.
JOHNSON & McGOWN,
Attorneys and Counselors at Law.
OKCa CITY, OK ECS ox.
Will practice in all the Courts of the State.
Special attention given to cases in the U. S.
Land Office at Oregon City. 5aprlS72-tf
L. T. BARIN,
ATTORNEY AT LAW,
OKECSOW CITY, OKEWOX.
Will practice in all the
Courts of the
Nov. 1, 1875-tf
W. H. HIGHFIELD,
One door North of Pope's Hall,
IAI5f NT., UKEUOV, CITY OBF.fiOX.
(3 An assortment of watches, Jewelry,
Wj and Seth Thomas' Weight Clocks, all
tV. . .-1 of which are warranted to be as repre
sented. Jj7Kepairing done on short notice;
and thankful for past patronaire.
CwmIi pwhl for Comity Ordtrw.
JOHN M . BACON ,
Books, Stationery, b2b:
PICTURE FRAMES. MOULDINGS
AND MISCELLANEOUS GOODS,
xa-i-xs to oist:x:23..
Okegox Citv, Okegox.
Post Office, Main Street, east
Lallwque, Savier & Co.,
OK EG OS CITY.
Keep constantly on hand for sale Flour,
Middlings, Bran and Chicken Feed. Parties
purchasing feed must furnish the sack.
J. H. SHEPARD,
Boot and Shoe Store,
One door north of Ackerman Bros.
I-?7Boots and Shoes made aud repaired as
cheap as the cheapest.
Nov. 1, 1875-tf
MILLER, CHURCH & CO.
J)AY THE HIGHEST PRICE FOR
At all times, at the
And have on hand FEED and FLOUR to
sell, at market rates. Parties desiring Feed
roust furnish sacks. novl2-tf
rrHE ALDEN FRUIT PRESERVING
-A- Company of Oregon City will iay the
HIGHEST MARKET PRICE
PLUMS, PEARS and APPLES.
ri?r' ?hos. Charman is authorized to pur
CUase the Company.
TUf. L. D. C. LATOUKETTE, Pres't.
Liity, July 28, 1875-tf
OREGON CITY BREWERY.
to inform ther"
'urea No I quality of
w nreoared to manuluc
vraers solicited and promptly filled.
do lour test.
The heart and mind of man to man
Must differ, it is true,
And so the deed ourneighbor does
Perchance we ne'er could do;
And thus, in climbing fortune's height
. To reach the fame in store, .
If people only do their best,
The world will ask no more.
Does then the little humming bird
Its tender song forsake.
Because the nightingale's sweet voice
May softer music make?
Or does the tiny, twinkling star,
Vhich lends to earth its light,
Repine because some kindred orb
May chance to burn more bright?
And so thro' life we And that some
Are clad in praise and fame,
While others meekly plod along,
With naught to gild their name;
But when each life is recon'd up,
Its doings counted o'er,
If we can saj "I did my best,"
Our God will ask no more.
A". O. Picayune.
A Double Harvest.
: A farmer sat at his kitchen door,
Smoking his noonday pipe,
And over the fields his ej-es were cast,
Where the grain so golden ripe,
Through the summer day,
With shadows and sunshine hard at play.
Down by the gate the farmer saw
(And he chuckled low in glee)
Two, who whispered together there;
"So!" said the farmer; "I see!
If I guess aright,
And their skies are bright,
There'll be harvesting soon with main
The weeks went b', and the old barn groaned
With the might of harvest store;
But the farmer laughed, for well he knew
There remained one harvest more,
Since Cupid had sown,
With grain of his own,
A crop that love must harvest alone.
The farmer sat at his kitchen door,
When the evening meal was done,
And he laid a kiss on his daughter's brow,
' And welcomed his new-found son;
And the harvest time,
With wedding bells chime,
Sang its lays into merry rhyme.
Some Experiments with Fire.
BY M. QUAD.
I knew him for months and months,
and yet I did not know his name. I
called him "Spon " and he answered to it
as readilv as he would have answered to
any other. He was small of stature, bent
with aire, and his scanty locks were as
white as snow.
Most men took him to be a beggar, or
some old man waiting to die. When I
came to know him l tounu tnat he naa a
little old shop on a quiet street, and that
he had not a relation on earth. I cannot
name the shop. It was not a tailor-shop,
or a shoe-shop, or a junk shop, and yet
it was all three, and lie kept herbs and
medicines besides. No one liked him,
and yet all respected him. He was re
serven, ana yet ne was tree to answer
questions. He gave his history to all
honest inquirers, and yet they really
learned nothing about him.
Such was my strange old man. One
night a fire broke out in a building de
signed for a drug store. The store was
furnished with walnut shelving and coun
ters, and pine ceiling. Everything had
been oiled and some of it varnished, and
the store would have been occupied in
another week. The fire was under good
headway when discovered, and the whole
interior was burned out.
"What caused it?" I asked a .fireman
after the flames had been extinguished
"Some one set fire to it," he answered
"It you say that you lie! cried a
strange voice, and we looked up and
tuunu my strange oiu man. lnat was
our introduction. I laughed at him, but
he maintained such a serious look that
my curiosity was aroused and 1 inquired:
"Why do you say thatf '
"Come with me," he answered, and he
would not let go my arm until we stood
at the door of his little old shop. We
went in and sat down, and presently he
"It was neither accident nor incendia
rism. There was no stove there to drop a
spark, and doors and windows were
locked agaiust incendiaries. It was siin
ply acase ofspontaneous combustion. The
light, dry woods were soaked with oil, the
tioor covered with rags and shavings, and
not even a pane of crlass out to ventilate
I was not a believer in spontaneous
combustion, and I made lijrht of his re
"Come here to-morrow and I will con
vince you," he answered, and after some
further discussion I went away. He had
spoken of spontaneous combustion; I
named him "Spon." He was old; I called
him "Old Spon."
Old Spon was a character for a sketch,
aud hoping to hud him lull ot anecdote
and adventure, and smiling at the ab
surdity of his theory, I called at his shop
the next day as requested. He was ready
for me, and he took up the subject at
"I amroinr to reproduce that drug
W 7 ft
store," he said, pointing around the room
"Here is a box. shavinss, oil and rags.
Let me prove to you that it does not need
tire to make fire."
He had some fine walnut and pine shav-
inrs. and some bits of drv board. He
noured boi ed linseed oil and a little var-
" i - - .. ..
nr. nn thpsp. somi? morn on the ra.rs. and
then nailed all un in a starch-box.
"This is the drug store," he said, as he
placed it on the counter, and you shall
hnvp nn pvn anatinn ot the nre. It is
. r . I I . 1 " .
now noon: come nere ai y o ciock. una
T wont nwav and almost forcct him
until fivenino-. When I reached his shop
- J o
in anlrita ond' hia fapR wore
"Put your hand on the box," he said.
I obeyed, and to mv rret snrnrisn
found it warm almost hot.
"You will have to wait an hour." he
continued as we sat down: "combustion
uas already commenced. '
bo it had. There was a smell of burn
ing cotton and heated wood, and within fif
teen minutes alter my arrival smoke poured
rrom ine box and was soon followed by
flame. I could not take his word that he
had not meddled with the box. and each
little jet of flame leaping from the box
was a theory in itself to support the main
x ou may receive it as a fact that, when
oil and shavings and rags come together,
a fire will result," he said. "Had I not
allowed the box to stand here in the
draft the flames would have consumed it
two hours ago."
W ithin the next week we repeated the I
same experiment, with the same result,
and we produced spontaneous combus-1
tion with oiled shavings alone and then 1
with oueu rags, bince that time 1 have
witnessed three fires in buildings which
originated from oiled rags. Two of these
were in paint stores, where the rags had
been thrown in a heap on the floor, and
the third was in a grocery store, where oil
had accidentally been spilled on a heap
of paper rags. The shop or factory or
store which does not provide an iron
chest for its greasy rags will sooner or later
suiter trom hre.
One day, not long after our first experi
ments, I met Old Spon on the street and
we walked together. We passed by an
old house which had just been converted
into a store room for the reception of
paper rags, and a large lot was just then
being taken in. The old man looked into
the building, then carefully noted the
windows, and as he walked on he said:
"They are building a bonfire there"
"How?" I asked.
"Every pane of glass is in place, the
doors shut tightly, and there is no escape
tor the heat engendered by the rags," he
replied. "It they do not secure ventil
ation, the building will burn within a
He was right. On the third night after !
that a close, sultry night the old house
was discovered to be on fire. The fire
men gathered so promptly that the build
ing was not greatly damaged, and they
called it an incendiary fire. Old Spou
was on hand and we found the identical
sack in which combustion occurred a
sack containing several pieces of old silk,
a quantity of paper and many pieces of
old cotton. The flame had run up the
side of the house and shown itself before
half the sack was consumed, and we could
trace it as easily as any one may trace the
course of a highway.
About a month alter this I had business
in a large picture frame factory. I met
Old Spon at the corner, and while 1 was
in the factory office the old man went
"mousing" through the various depart
ments. Returning, he said to the super
"It vour men are not more caret ul you
will burn out here some day."
"How why?" asked the official.
Old Spon led us to the room where the
oil-finished frames were being finished
up. It was a small, close room; the floor
was spattered with oil; scores of oiled
frames were hanging on the walls; there
was a bushel or more of oiled rags on the
floor and benches.
"We never have a stove here, even in
winter," said the superintendent, as he
4,Each one of those rags is a stove," re
plied the old man. "I he windows are
up now and the hot air has a chance to es-
cape, but put them down and spontane-
ous combustion will fire the factory with
in six hours."
The superintendent smiled contemptu
ously as he turned to me, and on the way
out he wanted to know if my old'friend
was not an escaped lunatic
To follow this case through, I will add
that, one cold day in October, the em
ployees of the finishing room put down
the windows and left them down when
they went home at six o clock. At ten
o'clock in the evening an alarm of fire
was turned in from the factory, and the
flames created damage to the amount of
,000 before being conquered. One
could trace the origin of the fire directly
to the finishing room. That room was all
ablaze before anv other portion of the
factory was touched. The cynical super
intendeut became a believer in spontane
ous combustion, and the oiled rags are
now thrown into iron boxes for the night
A case in which spontaneous combus
tion couiu ue more cieariy traced soon
occurred. A woman used a piece of old
cotton and some linseed oil to brighten
up the table of her sewing machine.
Through her carelessness the
wards found its way into the
soiled clothes, which was kept in a close
closet. That night, within six hours after
placing the rag in the closet, the house
became filled with the smoke, and an in
vestigation proved that the clothes-basket
was on fire.
OldSpon was delighted when be heard of
the incideut. Thi3 made the third case of
spontaneous combustion from oiled rags,
and he was preparea to prove that rags
alone would ignite under certain condi
tions. He .vent to a paper dealer's and
selected several pounds of rags, some
flannel, some cotton, some silk and a few
bits ot" velvet, as a iauiily might make up
a "rag-bag" in the course of three months.
These rags were placed in a soap-box,
which had been provided with a glass end,
ami the box was placed iu the window
where it had the full strength of the sun.
Within two hours the glass began to
grow dim,and in three hours the rags were
smoking. Ave waited another hour, and
then the old man made an air-hole in the!
top of the box, raisea tne glass a little,
I . C J 1. 1..
and a torKea tongue or name jeapeu oui
of the hole and the box burned! We
had indeed spontaneous combustion by
shutting off ventilation, ine woolen ana
the velvet had engeuderea tne neat, tne
siiK natl acieu as i iciciiiauu nc wi n,
1 .1 il. ft t . . . ( ! 1 i n;1 .2. .) a 1 X7 n l a ft
anu me vwiiuw,
struck the spark.
A lot of paper rags Jiung in a tignt
I . . - . i , I
closet, or piled up in a store wuere mere
1 i. no ventilation, will sooner or later
start a fire. There are dealers who kuow j
this, and who would as soon think of
throwing a lighted match into cotton-batting
as of closing the ; storage-
room against ventilation. The lower sash
of at least one window should be taken
out during the summer, and it would be
better to leave an opposite one raised a few
inches, so as to secure a strong draught.
A few months since some oiled rags in
the basement of a Detroit picture store
took fire on a hot Sunday morning nd
called out the fire department, although
one of the basement windows was open
for ventilation. It wTas through this win
dow that the smoke poured and gave the
At the Detroit House of Correction, in
December, 18T0, one of the prisoners em
ployed in the chair-finishing room, piled
up a bundle of oiled rags in a corner as the
bell rancr for close of working hours, and
at eight o'clock, only two hours after,
the shop wa3 fired by spontaneous coni-
bush on and several thousand dollars dam
acre done. The room was close, contained
nianv chairs lust finished, and as soon as
the rags were piled and packed together
the foundation was laid for a destructive
The Detroit Car and Manufacturing
Work, during a period of three , years,
had three fires from spontaneous com
bustion, each fire being traced to oiled
rags, lhat establishment is now pro
vided with iron boxes for storage of rags,
and on one occasiou a fire took place in
one of these boxes, the result of spontane-
ombustion, and burned up all the
About two years ago, one winter even
g, the watchman at the Michigan Cen
tral Railroad car shops, located a short
distance below the company's passenger
depot in the city of Detroit, passed
through the pattern and wood shop ana
found everything safe and quiet. Fifteen
minutes later he was alarmed by the
smell of smoke, and while mounting the
stair leading to the second story ot the
shop, the flames burst out in one end and
the entire shop was destroyed within an
hour. A pattern-maker had used some
oil and a rag just before six o'clock to oil
a pattern just finished, and he had prob
ably fluug the rag among the shavings.
There was no stove in that end of the
shop, smoking was prohibited, aud no
one had a doubt that the conflagration was
brought about through the medium of
that oiled rag.
But spontaneous combustion does not
depend upon the presence of oiled rags
and shavings. Three or four years ago,
at seven o'clock in the eveuing, the front
windows, blinds, glass and tsash, of a De
troit wholesale dry coods h )use were
blown into the street with a noise like the
rumble of thunder, and the store was
ablaze in an instant. The porter left the
store an hour before the explosion and" a
policeman tried thedoorsnot ten minutes
previously. The gas had all been turned
oil the steam pipes were nearly cold, and
there was no light around the fetore.
there was no smell ot eras, no oils nor
fluids inside, and it was a wonder to most
minds how the fire caught. The house
had an immense stock of dry goods, and
when closed for the night the store was
like a dry-kiln. The heat thrown out by
the goods was like gas, and finally became
powerful enough to force its way out. A
rna-Hrrlif ur.ia Ikllrm'rrr in f rr n t unA wtipn
the hot air struck this the fire traveled
back into the store like a flash of light
ning. The very same thing occurred soon
after at another store on another street,
and the circumstances pointed so stroUgly
to spontaneous combustion as the ageut
that each fire was recorded under that
heading in the record-book of the fire
My old friend made another experi
ment. Procuring a bottle ot liquid "war
ranted to remove grease, piiuter's ink,
etc.," from any sort of fabric, he exhaust
ed the contents in pouring them over cot
ton rasrs and pieces of worsted dress
were placed in a box, a3 ladies would
hang their dresses in a closet, and iu less
than five hours the box was on fire. The
liquid contained turpentine, and perhaps
benzine, aud was almost as dangerous as
gunpowder. Bits of cloth saturated with
liquids no doubt often find their way into
paper rag sacks, and in time they are al
most certain to become the agents ot a
It is claimed and denied with equal
vehemence that steam-pipes are ana are
not the agents of conflagrations. My old
friend and I have made more than a score
of experiments, with varvinsr success.
Where steam-pipes ran along a well-vec-
tuated room we have placed bits ot cottou
and paper on them and left them there for
weeks, to lift them up unscorched by con
tact. Again, where the pipes ran along
a brick wall, unbroken by windows tor a
long distance, and where the room was
close, we have scorched pine blocks as
black as tar in two days. We have never
succeeded in producing actual fire,but have
heated the blocks to such a degree that
they could not be held in the hand. In
a factory where there is much dust and
I poor ventilation, a bit of iron can be made
so hot by leaving it on the steam pipe
for a while that it will start a fire auioug
shavings or rags if knocked off". Steam-
heating is doubtless the safest method of
warming factories, stores and dwellings,
but it has its dangers unless ventilation
is provided tor. Ihere is warmth and
heat there, and it is warmth and heat
which paves the way for a blaze. The
inougnnessness 01 an employe in drop
ping an oily rag or a handful of shavings
upon steam pipes or m close proximity,
my not bum the building to-in or row,
but a conflagration will sooner or later
come. Uelroit tree 1'ress.
A carpenter, who was always prorrnos
ticating evil to himself, was one day upon
the roof of a five-story building upon
which rain had fallen. The roof being
slippery ,he lost his footing,and as he was
descending towards the eaves, he ex
claimed, "Just as I told you !" Catching,
however, on an iron spout, he kicked off
his shoes, and reg-tined a place of safety,
when he thus delivered himself: "I kuowed
it; there's a pair of shoes gone."
Always ready to take the fetump The
COURTESY OF BANCROFT LIBRARY,
Diseases of Our Own Causing.
On an average, one-half of the num
ber of out-patients treated by a hospital-
burgeon sutler trom diseases due pri
marily to a want of knowledge of the
laws of health and cleanliness. 1. The
ignorance of hygienic laws, which affects
so disastrously the health of the rich as
well as the poor, exists chiefly in regard
to dress, ablution, and ventilation. This
statement may, at first, appear startling,
but an enumeration of the diseases that can
be constantly traced to the above causes
will show upon how sound a basis the
statement rests. The following are ex
amples: Varicose ulcers from dress;
skin-diseases from want of cleanliness;
chest-diseases and fevers from defective
ventilation. The vast number of uleer
ated legs treated in the out-patient de
partment of hospitals, in workhouse in
firmaries, and in private practice, arise
from varicose veins. Now, a varicose ul
cer is caused by a distended condition of
the veins of the leg, which have to sus
tain the pressure of the blood caused by
gravitation. In varicose veins, the
valves which help to support the col
umn of blood are to a great extent
destroyed, through the veins having been
distended by mechanical obstruction to
the free return of the blood from the ex
tremities, thereby distending the lower
veins and separating the edges of the
valves. Thus, the
of an uniu
terrupted column has to be borne by the
veins. This, of course, causes further
distention, eivinsr rise to coasestion of
the capillaries of the skin, and causing
swelling, eczema, and ultimately ulcer
ation. This is the varicose ulcer so com
mon in the laboring classes. It is always
difficult to heal, and often impossible,
except by prolonged rest in bed. Hence
it is the dread of the surgeon, aud the
cause of misery to thousands. Varicose
ulcers are seldom admitted into general
lospitals, so that hundreds of poor fam
ilies are driven to the workhouse, and
such cases form a maiority in the work-
louse infirmary. The most frequent and
flagrant cause of obstruction is the or
dinary elastic gaiter. Children should
never wear them at all, as the stockings
can be perfectly well kept up by attach
ment of elastic straps to the waistband.
garters are worn, it is important to
know how to apply them with the least
risk of harm; at the bend of the knee the
superficial veins of the leg unite, and go
deeply into the under part of the thigh
beneath the ham-string tendons, lhus
ligature below the knee obstructs all
the superficial veins, but if the constric
tion is above, the ham-string tendons
keep the pressure off" the veins which re
turn the blood from the legs; unfor
tunately, most people, in ignorance of
the above facts, apply the garter below
the knee. Again, in nine out ot
ten laboring men, we find a piece of cord
or a buckled strap tightly applied below
the knee, for what reason I could never
learn. Elastic bands are the most in
jurious, ihey iollow the movements or
the muscles, and never relax their pres-
sure on the veins. jNon-eiastic uanus
durinj; muscular exertion become con
siderably relaxed at intervals, and allow
treer circulation ot the blood.
Thomas Bond,in Popular Science MontJdy.
Little Children. Children are the
poetry of the world the fresh flowers of
our hearts and homes little conjurors,
with their "natural magic," evoking by
pells what delights and enriches all
ranks, and equalizes the different classes
of society. Otten as they bring with
them anxieties and cares, and live to oc
casion sorrow and grief, we should get
on very badly without them. Only
think if there was never anything any
where to be seen but grown-up men and
women, how we should long tor the
sight of a little child. Every infant
comes iuto the world like a delegated
prophet, the harbinger and herald of
good tidings, whose office is "to turn the
hearts ot the tattrers to tne cnuaren,
and draw "the disobedient to the just."
A child softens and purifies the heart,
warming and melting it by its gentle
presence; it enriches the soul" by new
feelings, and awakens within it what is
favorable to virtue. It is a beam of
light, a fountain of love, a teacher whose
lessons lew can resist. Infants recall us
from much that engenders and encourages
selfishness, that freezes the affections,
roughens the manners, indurates the
heart; they brighten the borne, deepen
love, invigorate exertion, infuse courage,
and vivify and sustain the charities of life.
Salt Beef. To salt beef for Ion
keeping, first, thoroughly rub salt into it
and let it remain iubulk for twenty-four
hours, to draw off the blood ; second,
take up, letting it drain, and pack as de
sired ; third, have ready a brine pre
pared as follows: For one hundred
pounds of beef, uses seven pounds of silt;
saltpetre and cayenne, each one ounce;
treacle, oae quirt; soft water, eight gal
lons. Boil and skim well, and when
cold pour it over the beef.
Soap Makiso. A farmer says: After
the family soap has been rm.de in the
sprin', the grease that accumulates and
laid aside during the summer otten gets
maggoty. To avoid this, the following
is a good plan : Have a kettle full of lye,
and throw all baon riuds, etc., into this
kettle, and when fall comes you will be
surprised at the nice lot of soft soap you
will have; and even it a rat falls in, will
be changed into soap just the same.
A Child's Bed. A child's bed should
slope a little from the head to the foot,
so that the head may be a little higher
than the feet. But never bend the neck
to get the head on a pillow. This makes
the child round-shouldered, cramps the
veins and arteries, and inteferes with the
free circulation of the blood. Even
when the child is several years old, the
pillow should be thin, and made of hair,
Milk for Bowel Cosiplaixt. The
London Milk Journal says that a pint o
milk heated a little, but not boiled, taken
every four hours, will check . the most
violent diarrhoea, stomach ache, incipient
cholera and dysentery.
The Detroit police are ahead again.
Mary Miller, the most notorious and
successful shop-lifter in the United States,
was captured in this city yesterday by
Superintendent -Rogers and Detective
John B. Stadler, almost in the very act of
plying her culling.
For a long time the police of New
York, Boston, Chicago, and, in fact, most
ot the large cities in the East, West and
JNorthwest have been on the watch for
this woman, but she proved too clever for
tliem uutu she invaded Michigan.
A few years ago she was taken in Grand
Ripids for theft and sentenced to the
Detroit House of Correction for three
years. She served her time and afterward
went to St. Paul, from which point she
carried on her operations until her cap
ture in this city yesterday.
She is said to be the leader of an or
ganized gang whose ramifications extend
from the Atlantic to the Mississippi, and
the police cherish a legend that during
her career of crime Mrs. Miller has per
sonally stolen and disposed of upwards of
150,000 worth of goods.
"Why," said Superintendent Rogers
yesterday in conversation with a reporter
of the Free Press, "this woman is the
smartest thief in America. She will go
into any wholesale dry goods house and
get away with $500 worth of goods in a
day. Fact. She has actually been known
to do it, and that, too, right in the face
and eyes of men especially employed to
"When did she arrive in Detroit?" in
quired the reporter.
"How did you know she was here?"
"O, we have a way of posting ourselves
as to the movements of such distinguished
characters, and not one of them has ever
tumbled to the way in which we get on
"Have you a picture of the Miller?"
persisted the reporter.
".No, we haven't one just now (with a
sly twinkle), but we hope to have one be
"Has she been operating in Detroit?"
"I should rather think so. Just step
into my office and 1 11 show you."
The reporter followed the Chief into
the inner sanctum at headquarters, and
there saw spread out on a table dry goods
enough to till an ordinary sized packing
trunk. They were laid off in neat little
piles, and upon further inquiry the re
porter learned that the entire lay-out
had been stolen by Mrs. Miller in this
city within twenty-four hours after her
arrival, the victims being Edson, Moore
& Co., Chas. Root & Con and J. K. Burn
ham & Co.
The plunder which belongs to Edscn,
Moore & Co. consists of twenty-five boxes
of sewing-silk, five pieces of veil goods
and several smaller articles. The Chas.
Root & Co. pile includes five pieces of
silk binding and a whole piece of mo
hair dress goods. At J. K. Burnham fc
Co.'s she had gathered in a large quantity
of lace, two pieces of inserting, half a
dozen baby bibs, a lot of silk handker
chiefs and mufflers, four pieces of braid,
and several articles of fine underwear.
"Tell me," said the reporter, "how you
managed to catch so clever a thief."
"Well, I'll tell you the whole story and
you can do what you like with the facts,"
replied the Chief. "We have been on the
lookout tor this woman some time. Wed
nesday night Mr. Stadler aud I learned
that she had arrived, and our first step
was to ascertaiu whether her visit here
meant business or not. We soon louau
out that she was stopping at the Franklin
House, an.d that she had what the fly cops
call a "stall" with ber. By "stall" is
meant in this case Mrs. Miller's son, a
young man of good appearance, who per
sonates the country .merchaut in want of
a stock of goods. . Their mode of work
ing a town is bold and simple, and only
the most expert shoplifters succeed on
this plan. Tiiey first get their eyes on a
number of wholesale houses, lhe old
woman wears a dress in which is a pocket
(or a cavern you might more appropriate
ly call it), of at least two-bushel capac
ity. Over this dress she wears a long wa
terproof cloak, and tor that reason she
usually selects rainy or threatening weath
er for her heaviest veutures, in order that
no suspicion may attach to her style of
dress. 'Her son, who, you remember, is
the country merchant, goes with her iuto
a wholesale house, exhibits his memoran
aa 01 goous wanted, ana wuiie ne en-
iges the salesman in conversation or in
exhibiting goods, the old woman employs
herselt in stowing away valuable articles;
and you may be very sure she makes the
most of her time, as witness the results
of to-day's work."
"I see you know her method, but please
to tell me the exact manner of her cap
ture," said the interlocutor.
"Well, as I it am .ted before, we felt
morally certain that whe had come to De
troit on a business expedition, and when
we saw her and her son coming out of
Edson, Moore & Co.'s about noon we knew
they had finished their morning's work
So Stadler and I started leisurely toward
the r rankhn House. The Millers went
up Jefferson avenue to Randolph street
aud down Lamed street toward the hotel
We met them on Larned, between Bates
aud Randolph. I interviewed the mother
while Stadler paid his addresses to the
"What did they say when you made
known your business?
"The youngster blustered indignantly,
but the old womau took in the situation
with the philosophy of the veteran she is,
and held her tongue."
"Did you let them go to the hotel?"
"Xo. We took them directly to the
Central Station. I told Mr9. Miller to
disgorge. She wanted to know how we
kuew her name, but fiually concluded
that inasmuch as we were acquainted with
it it would be of no use to stand off.
She turned out the Edson, Moore & Co.
plunder you see here, acknowledged her
calling and identity, and was led off to a
cell, where she will be kept until taken
before the Police Justice. Tne son will
also be held and a joint complaint will
be made against them."
"Where did you find the plunder taken
from the other stores?"
"That was stowed away in her room at
the hotel. You see everv time she made
a haul she went to her room and unload
ed, and that accounts for the fact that w o
only found on her person the goods last
"How does she manage to dispose
so much property?"
"Why, she has "fences" (buyers
stolen property) all over the country.
is possible she may have intended to dis
pose of her Detroit harvest right here.
I am not sure as to that; but the plan she
has usually pursued is to go on stealing
until sue has a trunkl nil and then ship it
to some one of her numerous fences. She
never stays in a town longer than two or
three days at most, and in nine cases in
ten she is hundreds of miles away before
the merchants discover their losses."
"One would naturally conclude that she
is now in a fair way to renew her former
acquaintance with the House of Correc
tion," said the reporter.
"Y-e-s; the case has a leaning that
way," replied the Chief, with an affec
tionate glance at his array of "evidence"
on the table. Detroit Free Press.
There i3 a morbid sentiment in society.
that, in a kind of an abstract manner,
crlMri fia a iTrpnf rrimtnul anil lio wHr
can boast of "one virtue and a thousand
crimes," has a hold upon the memory of
the public that can not easily be shaken
off. In like manner the plebeian boor
who burned the Temple of Diana was
more famous than the royal architect
who reared it. An instance in point was
the marriage in Council Bluffs yesterday
of "Sandy," alias George Melville, whose
swindling games and greater crimes, and
his frequent marvelous escapes from
death by bullet and halter, have made
him famous throughout the entire West.
Bewitched by the fatalities that have al
ways followed the man, discovering some
good points that gleamed out of his dark
career of crime, and admiring in him
those very qualities that have made him
an outcast iu society, a woman has fol
lowed him, often with her presence, al
ways with her love, and yesterday she
sealed the c jmp;ict existing between them
by niarrjing h.m under tne most humil
To thase who have not the prior knowl
edge of him, Siudy will be remembered
by the people of this commuuiiy by his
attempt with Clinton to swindle an old
mm by selling a lot of spurious gjld
coins iu exchange for greenbacks. It
will be remembered that the men were
both arrested and were tried before the
United States Commissioner at Council
Bluffs, anL "Saudy" sentenced to five
years' imprisonment in the Iowa Peniten
tiary. While awaiting trial, or rather
white beiug conducted, to the Justices'
Court for the preliminary examination,
Sandy attempted to escape from the offi
cer, in two different instances, and was
bhot at and hie by the officer, ia the
latter case beiug wounded so badly that
it was reported that he could not recover.
As these troubles collected around Sandy,
the love ot the woman who has at lasc
married him, jjrew stronger, and she
haunted the jail like a spectre, finally
gaining the permission of the officer, she
entered and nursed biin through the hour'
when his life was despaired of, and at
last when the stern decree of the law in
terposed its edict, and declared that they
should b separated by the stronger, firm
er bars of the State Penitentiary, the
woman sought and obtained the privilege
of the officers to marry him before he was
taken from her. The necessary arranfje-.
ments were inade, and the two fctrangety
matched beings were married in the Jan,
the ceremony oeing performed by a Jus
tice of the Peace, lhe witnesses were
the prisoners, who were ordered to remain
as the rear end of the hall, and a few per
sons who were permitted to look inside
through the grates ot the jront door. It
was a queer spectacle, and shows what a
womau will do lor tne man sne loves.
There was Saudy, alias Melville, or as she
claims Melody, beiug the name under
which he was married, just ready to be
shackled, preparatory to starting lor Fort
Madison, wuere he is to serve a term of
live years' imprisonment. Tnere was a
woman, young, and of attractive appear
auce, ctiugiug to a criminal, willing aud
auxious to bear his name and share with,
him ail the obloquy attached thereto.
But then such ia woman's nature, and
such has it always been lroui the time of
Eve. As they stood -there assuming the
obligations of the marriage vow, the
thought was well defined in each mind
how different it would have been had the
relation of the parties been reversed, and
the woman the criminal instead of the
man. The chances are, in a case of that
kind, that the man, even if he had been
the cause of committing the crime, would
have deserted her iu tne last extremity,
and left her to bear her disgrace aio.ie,
aud probably have felt a secret joy that
he was able to place the blame all on her.
Turkish Princesses Choosing Hus
bands. The Paris Temps states that the
husbauds of the Pi iueesesof the imperial
houssof Turkey are kuown by "the gen
eric name of Diuiats." A Da.ua at is gen
erally a young Bey of good family, to
whose appearauce a princess takes a
fancy, for these ladies have the agreeable
privilege of choosing their lords, and it is
one which is u.it uufrtqaently exercised,
greatly to the mortification of the latter.
"I could cite an iustauce,"says the writer,
"where a very haut'soine young man was
.rightfully disgus.ed at being pitched
upon by a Priucess of thirty summers,
whose blear eyes had a diabolical aspect."
Bat appeal or reaistancj was useless. Ha
had to sui render. The compensation lies
in appointments aud allowances.
Live for Something. Do good, and
leave behind y.m a mjnument of virtue
that the storm of time can never destroy.
Write vour name in kindness, love and
mercy,- on hearts of thousands yon
com J in cmtact with year by year; you
will never bd forgotten. No, your nime,
your dtftd- will be as legible on the hearts
you leave behind as tn stars of heaven.
UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA,