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About Oregon City enterprise. (Oregon City, Or.) 1871-188? | View Entire Issue (March 24, 1876)
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DEVOTED TO NEWS, LITERATURE, AND THE BEST INTERESTS OF OREGON.
A LOCAL NEWSPAPER
. -FOR T.H K
Parmer, Bosinni Man, & Family Circle.
. ISSUED EVERY FRIDAY.
ihrajstk: s. dement,
OTKC1ALPAPSB. TOE CLACKAMAS CO.
OFFICE In ExTKnPRisir TUilMlnjr, one
aor iouth of Masonic UulliHns. Iaiu st
Terms of Subcrlptloii I
ai..i. Cnnv One Year. In Advance J2.50
' Six Months' "
Terms of Advertising!
Tran.lont advertisements ineludinc
B.VI legal noiicoB, t iu.- 2 1
lines one vreck "."' i"
Ar.aih Bubsequent Insertion
For each subseque
One Column, one year
" - ,.. ;
nMns Card. 1 saaare. one year 12.00
OKKGOV I,OIG12 XO. 3, I. I. . 1'.,
Meets every Thursday
evenini?at7li o'clock, in tho
Odd Fellows' Hall, Main fc
der aro invited to attend, l'.y order
In . (j
HKIIUCCA DEUKEE I.01f;X3 NO.
2. I. O. O. F., Meets on tne
and Fourth Tues
day evenings each month,
nt i i VlfM-k. in tho Odd
Fallows Hall. Memlersof the Degree
aro invited to attend.
MULTNOMAH I,OIH;i X. I. A. I'
,fc A. M., Holds its regular com
munications on the I-irst a
Third Saturdays in each nioiit
t 7 nVlra-k from tlieiajtli of Sen.
tAmlr totho2Uth of March; and
orlo'k from the Lfth ot March
20th of September. Brethren in
standing are invited to attend.
Ity order of W
FALLS ENCAMPMENT NO. 1,1. O.
O. F., Meets at Odd Fellows
Hall on the First and Third Tues
.i,. .r vii month. Patriarch
in good standing aro invited to attend.
A. J. IIOVFR. M. P. J. M. NORRIS. Jt. D
llOVEU vS NOIUIIS,
pnYsiciAXsi ax Ni nuEOXs,
-()fflee ITp-.Stairs in Charman's Drick,
Ir. Hovor's residence Third str-ft, nt
foot of clitt stairway. tf
OHKUON CITY, OUKCiOX.
TIlgHeit CusU Price Paid for County
"hUELAT & EASTHAM,
First str t.
Opltas's new brick, 30
ORK60N CITY Charman's
JOHNSON & McCOWn
ATTl)aim WD COrXSELORS AT.L.WV
Oregon City, Oregon.
Wltl practi In nil th" Courts of the
Btnte Special attention jflvcn to cases in
the U. H. I And onle at Oregon City.
L. T. 11 A 111 1ST
OREGON CITY, : : OREGON.
practice In all
th Courts of the
NA'. 1, 1S73, tf
H. E. CHAMBERLAIN,
ATT O RNEY-AT-LAW
Office In Eutf.rprisk Rooms.
JAMES 33. UPTON,
. Nov. 5, 1375 Af
' W. H. HIGHFIELD.
KatablUhed since '19. at the old staia.
Main Street, Oregon City, Oregon.
An assortment of Wat hes. Jewel
ry ,nd Seth Thomas' Welsrht Clocks
: all of which are warranted to be as
yrtepalrlnc done on Rhort notice, and
thankful for past pntronq go.
JOHN 3f. JIACO'X,
IMPf)RTKR AND DKAI.ER
In Books, Stationery, rerfum
fcry. etc.. etc.
t- . Orffn City, Oregon
V At the Post
Office, Main stgeet, cast
rntlE ALDEV VUUIT PRESERVING
I rvm nn v of Or -con City will pay the
- HIGHEST MARKET PRICE
or PLUMS. PEARS and APPLES.
Mr. Thos. Charra&n Is autborUed to pur
chase for the Company.
L. D. C. r.ATOTJRKTTE.
TflOS. CHARNrAN. Secretary.
. Orcson, City, July 28, lS75rff
V MILLER, MARSHALL & CO.,
PX..THK MKSHEST PRICE FQR
AVHfciT, at all times, at the .
. QregonCity Mills,
A: ''l Ana have on hand
FEED and FLOUR
to bHI. at market ratcK. parties desiring
Feed, must furplsh fuck?. novj-.tf
The murmur of a waterfall
. A mile away,
The rustle when a robin lights
- - Upon a spray.
The lapping of a lowland stream
On dipping boughs,
JTlie sound of grazing from a herd
Of gentle cows,
The echo from a wooded hill
Of cuckoo's call,
The quiver through the inoadow
At evening fall
Too subtle are these harmonies
For pen and rule :
Such music is not understood
. By any school.
But, when the brain is over-wrought,
It hatha spell
Beyond all human skill and power
To make it well.
The memory of a kindly word
For long gone"W,
The fragrance of a tading'llower
Tho gleaming of a sudden ssmilo
Or suden tear.
The warmer pressure of the hand,
The tone of cheer,
The hush that meens "I cannot speak
Jiui l nave nearu.
The note that only bears a verse
r rom Uod s own word.
Such tiny things we hardly count
The givers deeming they havo shown
ocaut sympathy ;
But, when tho heart is oxer-wrought,
Oh ! who can tell
Tho power of audi tiny tilings
To make it well 1
I v only love is always near,
in country or in town "
I see her twinkling feet, J hear
The whisper of her gown.
She foots it ever fair and j-oung,
Her locks are tied in haste.
And one is o'er her shoulder flung,
And hangs below her waist.
She ran before me in the meade;
And down the world-worn track
She leads mo on; but while she leads
She never gazes back.
And yet her voice is in my dreams,
To 'witch me more and more;
The wooing voice! Ah me, it seems
Iess near mo than of yore.
Lightly I sped when hope was high.y
ivnuyoiun oeguiieu the ciiase
I follow, follow still; but 1
Shall never see her face.
History of the Congregational Church
of Oregon City Oregon.
May 2otb, 1814, Rev. Harvey Clarke,
a self-supporting Congregational mis
sionary, a native of Chester, Vermont,
and a citizen of Governeur, N. Y.
was preaching to the little company
of settlers at this
poseil to organize
place, it was pro
a church." Three
brethren were willing and desirous to
be so organized.
Peter II. Hatch, a member of the
Congregational church in Wobum,
Jfass., of which Ilev. Joseph Bennet
was xiastr5 Iiobert Moore, Esq
memuer 01 a l'lesuvtenun church in
Illinois or Pennsylvania, and Orville
llussel, Esq., a trapper from a Bap
tist family in Maine, who had been
converted while reading his Bible in
his lonely hunter's cabin in the Kocky
mountains, were the three men who
covenanted together to be a church of
Christ, and to walk in the way of His
steps, as far as they could learu them
from llis word. JHr. Hatch was cho
sen Deacon. Mr. Moore desired the
name to be"thc Presbyterian Church
of Willamette Falls." "Bciug tho old
est man, venerable and of strong
convictions, the others yielded the
name, though tho mode of constitut
ing the church was essentially Con.
gregatioual and Scriptural, by the
act and vote of the members.
Ilev. Mr. Clarke visited the town
at stated times for four years, nreach-
;ng the O-ospel, administering the
ordinances, receiving members, and
uniting with the people in every
Christian work, for he was a good
man, and full of the spirit, though
of frail body and broken health.
Kev. L,evis Thompson preached a
few times in 1847. and ordained
Deacon Hatch as an Elder, as Con-
gregationalists do deacons. Acts C, 0.
June 21st, 1S4S. Ilev. G. H. Atkin
son, with his wife, sent by the Amer
ican Home Missionary Society, to
labor in Oregon, came to Oregon
City with little knowledge of what
had been done by others there, and
wholly unknown to them. He found
the church increased to seven mem
bers, four males and throe females
having services hardly once a month.
but carrying on a Sabbath School in
union with Rev. H. Johnson's "Rn.ii-
tist church. Deaonn TTatoli
four miles on foot, or with his ox
team from his farm over the Clack
amas river, with his wife and baby
and two little children of the first
wife to superintend this pioneer
Those were primitive days, and
the people, with the primitive wavs
of early settlers, had U the elastic
buoyancy of youth, and the confident
energy of sturdy pioneers. To follow
the trail through the forest, ford the
rivers camp under the trees, build
their log houses with puncheon floor
and chimneys of mud and sticks, to
pack their sacks of flour, or sugar, or
coffee, or their nails, axes, saws, cot
ton or woolen goods, on their backs,
or on their horses, half a dozen or a
score of miles, was not deemed a very
Bleat uurusuip, out a real linn
to get the goods and provisions
iue gospel men of the time fell
gracefully and heartily into the same
habits. The Messrs. Lee, Shepherd
Frost, Wilson, Leslie, Parrish, Wal
ler, aod others of the II. . church',
and Messrs. Whitman, Spaulding'
Walker, Eella, Gray, Clarke, Smith
Griffin, Geiger, Hinman, and others
of the Congregational church Mis
sion, with wives and children, were
adepts in travelirrg, r and that -with
comfort, though th ct
their canony. and tho
. - " xxuoia
These people nearly all had crossed
ino, x.wu mues, and .the
short journeys from settlement to
settlement were merely pleasant trios
and : visits. The Bantisf. l.
Johnson and Fisher, had comn nr
the plains in 1847 (?)'. and entered
upon the Gospel work here in the
same earnest spirit aDd manner. The
Methodist church building, ereoted
in 1842 (?), at Oregon City, the first
on the Pacific coast for P rnf.Astn.ntR
was occupied by Ilev. David Leslie,
as pastor oi mat congregation.
ya June d, 1848, Hev. Mr. At
kinson preached morning and after
noon in the south room of the house
owned by Deacon Hatch, on the
bank of the river, corner of Fourth
and Water streets, the north room
being occupied by Judge S.S.White
and family, late immigrants from
Burlington or Port Madison. Iowa.
The next week our ever faithful dea
con, true to a deacon's historic mis
sion, had horses ready to visit Bro,
uiame at his home on the W est Tual
atm Plains. WTe found him, as his
habit was, fully engaged in a union
camp-meeting, under the beautiful
oaks of that vicinage, now known as
1 orest Grove. After tins glad, as it
was unexpected, acquaintance, and
after Brother Clarke's almost forcible
introduction of the vouug Andover
lheoloue into the desk and work,
among the veterans. Cornwall. Por
ter, Koberts, Braley, Johnson, Gib
son, Geiger, Smith, Naylor, Hinman
aud a host of others, warm-hearted
Uuristnin men and women, who
preached the Gospel, free and health
ful as the summer breezes from the
Pacific, and full of cheer and glad
ness as the morning sun rising over
tne uew-spanglea prairies: it was
mutually agreed that Bro. Atkinson
should take the Oregon City church,
and Bro. Clarke increase his appoint
ments with his little church at West
Tualatin. Within a few weeks Sab
bath worship, morning and evening,
and Sabbath School were held in the
hired room known as the court room,
on Main street. Hiram Clarke, Esq.,
and M. H. Perrin, Esq., and a few
others, ladies and gentlemen, had lit
ted it up with pulpit, desk and other
furniture, and secured tho rent for a
year. An afternoon preaching ser
vice was held at Linn City, where
Hon. Ilobt. Moore lived, with his
children, and also Hon. Samuel It
Thurston, our first delegate in Con
gress, a Dartmouth College class-mate
of Mr. Atkinson's in 1839. though
unknown to each other after ten
xne worK or preaching thrice on
oauoath, compelled as it was Dy the
growth ot the two villages on oppo
site sides of the Willamette, and by
the needs of that class in town, who
for various reasons find the evening
service most convenient for them
imposed very hard work on the
young pastor, and such divided
bors, as did not seem hopeful of
mediate fruit and -upbuilding of
the In September the news of the gold
mines in California had roused the
pioneers to harness their teams, and
break their road over tho trackless
mountains of southern Oregon and
northern California to the rich placers
on the banks of the American 1 ork
of the Sacramento. The little church
just beginning to gather fair congre
gations of attentive listeners, soon
felt the loss of members and attend
ants, ltev. Wilson Blain of the As
sociate Reformed Presbyterian
Church had arrived, and began to
preach at Linn City. Bro. Robert
Moore united with his church, for
getting to call for his letter, and
made it necessary to erase his name
from our roll. Brother Blain work'
edona while and at length moved
to a larger field in Linn county, but
our work continued with more or
less regularity, chiefly in Oregon
City and the outlying fiettlements
in ifvi-j, tuo name ot the churcn waa
changed to "The 1st Congregational
Church of Oregon City," by vote of 8
for, to 1 against it, of tho U members.
A Society was formed and incorpo
rated by special act of the 1st Tern
torial Legislature under the TJ. S.
government with power to hold
property. The lot on which ' the
church building now stands was
bought by the efforts of Hiram
Clark, Esq., a young clerk, who
came out from Boston as supercargo
of the bark Evelyn, and had opened
a store to sejl the goods for the own
ers, lhe price, about biiXJ, wa
paid by himself and a few other
friends. Lots given by Dr. Mc
Laughlin for the church were too far
up on the hill to be available.
After two years of worship in rent
ed rooms, compelled bv the influx of
U. S. troops to move from the court
room to the basement of the house
now owned by Mai. Thos. Oharman,
thenc to the south room of the G.
Walling House, at the point of the
blutfnear the church, kindly sub-
rented by Mrs. S. S. White, at 812
per month, for the use of pur wan
dering ark, we were glad to enter our
own present audience room, built at
the cost of 3,900 without the front
ten feet and tower. It was dedicated
in August. 1850. Rev. J. H. Wilbur
of tho Af V. niinfch. Rev. H. John
son nf the Bantist Church, and Rev,
St. Michael Tackier of the Episcopal
Ohnreh. assisting in the services.
Rev. G. II. Atkinson preached the
dedication sermon. The house was
full on that Sabbath afternoon, and
the audience much interested. Some
of the members had never before
witnessed the dedication of a houe
of worship, and this was the first
formal one in Oregon and probably
on the coast for Protestants. A
havy debt was on the pastor's hands.
Only about $1,G00 had been sub
scribed of the I cost, fcbout S 2,300 to
OREGON, FRIDAY, MARCH 24, 1876.
Dr. John Todd' Early Career.
On the 9th day of October, a. d.
1S00, a poor insane woman of Rut
land, Vermont, the wife of a helpless
cripple, gave birth to puny babe,
whom the good neighbors were
moved to hope that God would
mercifully recall from so inhospita
ble a world as this promised to prove
to the new-born child.
On the 24th day of August, a. d.
1873, there ,died in Pittsfield Massa
chusetts, a. venerable clergyman,
loved and honered throughout the
country, and known in his books the
world over. The unpromising infant
who came unwelcome into the world
at the begining of the century had
become the Dr. John Todd whose in
fluence for good has been felt to the
very ends of the earth, and whose
published writings are read in more
languages than one can well count on
From begining to end the story of
his life is full of interest; and luck
ily his letters, of which he wrote an
unusual number every year, are so
rich in personal detail, and so frank
and unreserved withal, that his bi
ography is, in fact, almost an autobi
ography, written from day to day as
the events chronicled oocurred, and
with no thought on its authors part
that his account of his life's experi
ence was ever to be put into print.
lhe childhood of the young John
w as passed, after the fashion of rural
childhood in xsew Eugland at that
early day, chiefly in hard work. His
crippled father died about six years
after the boy's birth, leaving a large
family, which, by reasons of extreme
poverty and the helplessness ot the
maniac mother, was necessarily scat
tered. John lound a home with au
aunt in North Killiugworth, Connec
ticut, where lie remained several
years, worKing hard lormsiood and
part of his clothing, and trapping
wild animals for the rest. When ten
years or age, he passed a briet time
in Aew Haven, attending sohool, and
earning his bread m the capacity of
"chore boy in the honse of a kins
man. It was during this residence
near Yale College that he first came
into contact with people of a higher
culture than was common among the
rural folk of North Killingworth, and
the accident appears to have deter
mined the whole course of his life.
His ambition was awakened, and
from that time forward his purpose
was fixed to secure the benefits of a
thorough training in the schools.
The task he thus set himself seemed
a hopeless one so much so, indeed,
that from first to last his friends la
bored diligently to dissuade him
from the undertaking. He was with
out money, without prospects, and
without friends able to help him;
but, young as ho was, the iron will
which served him so well in after-life
was already ins, and, lie appears never
to have faltered in his purpose after
it was once formed. He lived poorly.
by such work as he could get to do.
saved everv moment of time, studied
under any masters he could find,
and finally, in the autumn of 1813,
entered Yale College, having
traveled thither on foot from Charles-
town, Massachusetts, "with his en'
tire wardrobe under one arm and his
entiro library under the other." At
the time of his matriculation, he tells
us, he had but three cents in the
world, two of which he paid out for
toll in crossing a bridge on the same
day. Harper's M'Wttzine for Febru
Trinity Church Taxes.
President Grant having been re
ported as mentioningTrinity Church,
New lork, as having enormous
wealth not subject to taxation, the
Comptroller of the Corporation,
Gen. John A. Dix, addressed a letter
to the President, as follows:
"The fact is. that the Corporation
of Trinity Church is taxed, under
tho laws of this State, precisely in
accordance with tho suggestions in
vour messsasre to Congress. Its
property consists of church edifices,
cemeteries school-houses, an infirm
ary, a rectory, and several hun
lifil lota of o-round. which, with the
exception of a few used for paroaou
ial purposes, are leased partly for
short, and partly for long periods
On the short leases the Corporation
pays the taxes; on the loug leases
the taxes are paid by the lessees. I
paid in September last, as Comp
troller of the Corporation, on the
former, $4G,943 91; and we estimate
the amount paid on tho latter at
G0,000, making over 3100,000 paid
to the city this year for taxes, beside
a considerable sum lor assessments.
We pay taxes on every foot of ground
used for secular purposes. We pay
on nnr rectory, in which the rector
resides, and ou the office, in which
the business of the Corporation is
transacted, although it is within the
boundaries of St. Paul's Cemetery.
In fact, nothing is exernpt except
the church edifices, the oerneteries,
four school houses, in which free
schools are kept, and an infirmary,
m which the sick receive gratuitous
"I know yon will be glad to have
this information. I have always
been of opinion that the several
States should tax all secular prpper
ty belonging to churches within
their respective limits, Cemeteries
are exempt by universal consent. 1
think church edifices should be, as I
ueneve tuey aiways nave been in
Christian communities. To tax
them would seein like making -the
Creator and Sovereign ruler pay
a 1 1 1 a
tribute to us for allowing a part of
ti: r i i . i i . '
.ino luuisLuoi to qe nseci tor the wqr
ship whicluis his due.
"Respectfully and truly yours,
John A. Dix.'
Cougers are making 6ad havoc
among sheep in the. vicinity of tho
COURTESY OF BANCROFT LIBRARY,
Warden Berger, of the Utah peni
tentiary, died last week of injuries
received from escaping prisoners.
The burnt district in Portland is
being rapidly built up.
The Sound country is flooded with
"Going for the crooked" is what
they term the late prosecutions in
Washington county wants awolf
club. The cayotes have killed some
300 sheep in that county during the
The Nootka Sound tribe of Indians
numbered 200 wheH the small-pox
came among them, of which number
but 40 remain.
The Indians of Barclay Sound were
reported drunk as lords last week.
They have been going through the
cargo of a wrecked vessel.
Another unfortunate from the Pa
cific disaster, Edward Borgess Ord
way, has been found and buried on
the west coast of Vancouver Island.
Port Townsend, W. T., wants to
celebrate the 4th of July.
Peaches, it is said, do well on the
dropped dead in
at Seattle, last
was too snug for
the Snug saloon,
week. Perhaps it
The Governor has appointed John
C. Starkweather a Commissioner of
Deeds for the State of Oregon, to
reside in the District of Columbia.
John McMahon, the champion
wrestler of America, is a native of
The Massachusetts State Senate has
passed the woman suffrage amend
ment to the constitution by 18 to 10
The Rhodelsland Democratic State
Convention has nominated General
ueorge Lewis Cooke for Governor;
B. O. Slocum, Lieutenant Governor;
John S. Price, Secretary of State;
Oscar S. Lapham, Attorney General;
Win. P. Condon, General Treasurer
The New York Democratic State
Convention will be held on the 20th
Queen victoria particularly re
quests that her trip to Germany
shall be as unostentatious as possible.
Japan sent a large portion of her
exhibits by the City of Pekm. and
the remainder will soon follow
The Downievillo stage was robbed
near JYlarysville, cal., on the oui
Luckily the treasure box contained
The Multnomah conntv Democrat
ic Convention meets at Portland on
the 22d of April.
Mr. Jason Wheeler is going to
build a feed stable at Albany, this
season, large enough to hold 30,000
bushels of oats, 300 tons of hay, and
horses enough to eat them
Immensely rich copper mines have
lately been discovered in New Mexico.
The storm last week, in Germany,
blew down nearly all the telegraph
lines. It is proposed hereafter to
lay them underground.
The difficulty between Japan and
Corea has been settled.
The Interior Press Association, at
San Francisco, has incorporated.
Gen. Saigo, Chief Centennial Com-
missioner irom japan, arrived :at
San Francisco on the 15th, with his
The 'Frisco police are making fur-
ions raids on Chinese gambling dens.
Twenty were captured at one haul
the other day.
Severe storms and destructive floods
are reported from 11 parts of Europe.
Wm. McCarthy was purumeled to
death with policemen's clubs for
raising a disturbance at the polls, in
Portsmouth, N. H., on the 14th.
Lieut. Gov. Davis, of Mississippi,
has been found guilty, as charged in
the articles of impeachment. The
Senate vote stood, 32 for impeach
ment to 4 against.
The proposed State Constitution
for Colorado will be submitted to the
popular vote July 1st.
An attempt was made to assassinate
the Mexican General, Diaz, at Gal
veston, Texas, last week.
A Mr. Pittman is going tqput in a
steam sash and door factory on an
exteusiAe scale, at Corvallis.
New York proposes to expend forty
thousand pounds of nitro-glycerine
under Hell Gate to deepen the chan
nel. Magdalen Gossinan Wittman died
at St. Paul, Marion county, on the
8th inst., at the remarkable age of
109 years. She was born in France,.
and remembered distinctly tho be
heading of King Louis XVI.
On Saturday, the 25th inst. , Golden
Gate, Revenue, Foster, Chance and
Hockhocking will run a two mile
and repeat race over, the Bay district
course, at ban r rancisco.
St. Patrick's Dav was duly cele
brated in alj QUr principal cities.
A little boy named Charley Waler-
son was run over by a milk wagon at
Oakland, Cab, last week, and killed.
An old and well known musician.
naued John Castello, was arrested
last week, at San Francisqo, charged
will) incest. The alleged victims of
his crime are four daughters, aged
respectively, 9, 15, 18, and 19 years.
Chicago has disposed of the last
batch of whiskv cases.
A man named Samuel Bone, of
Austin, Nev., last week, charged a
blast and lit tho fuse; after waiting a
while, he went to see if it was going
all right. They couldn't find any
pieces worth burying, and so con
cluded he must have been translated.
The famous Ward will case, of
Detroit, has been compromised. .
Tho Ohio Democratic State Con
vention meets at Cincinnati on the
17th of May.
Belmont, president, says the Bank
of the State of New York will be able
to meet all liabilities.
The U. P. R. R. runs special trains
to Cheyenne to accommodate the
Black Hills adventurers.
The one hundredth anniversary of
the evacuation of Boston by British
troops was duly celebrated at that
city on tho 17th.
A foot of snow fell in New Y'ork
and Vermont one day last week.
100 per quarter, is what they
charge for whisky license at Cor
Sixty cases are on tho docket of
the Linn county court.
An exchange says: "A frost did
some damage to vegetables at Olym-
pia, on the 10th." Query: Were
they in the cellar i
The Utah Western Railroad is be
Sing, a Chinaman, escaped from
the Olvmpia jail last week, through
a small hole, as Job came into the
The mumps are giving residents
of the Cascades additional cheek.
The McGibney family are drawing
good houses on the Sound.
J. P. Hays, of Olvmpia, has plant
ed 400 plum and prune trees.
1.900 dozen oggs shipped from
Walla WTalla last week.
The WTalla Walla i- Columbia
River R. R. Co. has raised the
freight tariff on its narrow gauge
and shippers are talking of goinj
back to prairie schooners.
Snow blockade still continues on
the Central Pacific.
The Belle Peck mine, in War
Eagle district, Idaho, yielded 70,
000 for 8 months work, and most o
this time less than ten men were em
The Cedar Mines of New Jersey,
Monmouth, X. J., Democrat.
Among the strange productions of
Cape May are the "cedar swamps
swamps of dark, mirv stuff, in which
are buried immense trees of the white
cedar, Cup, essus thuohles of the bo
tanists. These mines contain enor
uiuus tx-ees, buried to a depth vary
ing from three to ten feet. The log
he one across another, and there is
abundant evidence that they are the
growth of different successive forests.
Indeed, in these very swamps, forests
of the same trees are now growing.
The miners become very skillful at
their work. An iron rod is thrust
into the soft mud, over which often
the water lies. In striking a buried
tree, the workmen will, alter several
soundings, at last tell how it lies,
which is the rcot end, and how thick
it is. He then manages to get a chip
of the tree, and by its smell deter
mines at once whether it is worth
the labor of mining; that is, the
workmen will tell unerringly wheth
er the tree be a "windfall" or a
"break down." If a breakdown, it
was so because it was decayed when
standing; if a windfall, the tree fell
while sound; and has been preserved
ever since by the antiseptic nature of
the peat marsh in which it was
ouried. lhe sort earth is then re
makes a pit in the
this the water soon
it up. This is rather
The saw is now in
at regular intervals a
flows and fills
cut is made through
the log floats to the
the tree, when
surface. It is
curious that a log of a sound tree
will be sure to turn over when it
floats up, the lower side thus becom
ing uppermost. Trees in this" way
are sometimes obtained which will
yield 100,000 shingles, worth $2 per
thousand; thus one tree will yield
$200. The age of such a tree, as the
season rings have been counted, has
been made out from ten to twelve
hundred years, and even more. A
layer of such trees is found covered
by another, and even a third, while
living trees may still be growing
over all. It is evident, indeed, that
New Jersey has experienced what the
geologists call "oscillations." Capo
May contains abundance evidence of
having been lifted out of a modern
sea. The recent oyster and clam are
found in natural beds, just as they
died in the ocean, but now in posi
tions many feet higher than the con
tiguous oyster beds; while buried
trees exist at depths lower than the
beds of living mollusks.
Cure for Burns. Apply a poul
tice made of slippery elm bark with
sweet oil, immediately, acd relief
will be experienced at once. If prop
erly applied, this treatment will cure
the worst cases of burns in a short
Keformers will soon have a new
enemy to battle. The importation of
opium to this country now amounts
to nearly two hundred and fifty
thousand pounds annually, ten times
more than thirty years ago.
Unpoetic. A young American
lady who has enjoyed the rare privi
lege of taking a stroll with the poet
Tennyson, incidentally mentions in a
letter to a friend that "it seriously
affected the romance of the situation
when he paused to scratch his back
against a gate-post."
- --SENATE. .
wa. passed to exclude Missouri from?"
the provisions of the act to promoto
the development of the mining re-,
sources of the United States; also aJr
bill to further the administration ofO
justice in Colorado. " . -,a
Allison, from the committee on In-' :
dian affairs, reported, with amend, .
ments, the bill providing for an
agreement with the Sioux natirm:T
with regard to a portion of a reser-'
vation and for other purposes: order-. 1
ed printed and placed on calendar.-
Vvindom introduced a bill for es
tablishing the Territory of Arizona;
reierreu. - . r
Boutwell introduced the following:';
Resolved, That the Secretary of -
the Treasury be requested to fur
nish for the information of the Sen
ate the annual product of gold and'
silver in the United States from 1845
to 1S75 inclusive; also the amount;,
of gold and silver in other parts of .
the world for the same years, and an"
estimate of the silver product in the ;
United States in the same time;-?
The Senate resumed the considera: V
tion of the Senate bill to provide for!
and regulate the counting of votes-
for President and Vice President.-"
The bill was discussed by Thnrman,
Ohnstiaucy, 1 relinghuysen, Johns-'.
ton, Howe and Morton. The latter
said if it was necessary to have arc
umpire at all, the safest and best
way was to refer the disagreeing vote:
to the Supreme Court of the United
States. He submitted a plan for'
calling them in as follows: That tbf
judges of the supreme court shall ; be'
assembled at the same time, and in
case the two Houses cannot agree,
the question shall be submitted to'
the judges, who shall proceed at
once to decide Avhich is" the valid- re
After a short executive session, thq:
Senate adjourned until Monday.
Washington, March 15.'-The"
House went into committee1 of the.
whole, Saylor in the chair, on tha"
bill to supply the deficiency in tho
currency, printing and engraving
bureau of the Treasury Department,
and for the issue of- silver coin in
place of fractional currency.- Tho
bill appropriates 103,000, and di
rects the Secretar3r of the Treasury
to issue silver coin in redemption of
all fractional currency outstanding.-
Randall, chairman of appropria-:
tion committee, proceeded to explain
and advocate the bill. He sent to
the clerk's desk aod had read an' ar
gument prepared by Wells, of Mis
souri, a member of the committee,?
who was unavoidably absent. . .
Ward, Hewett and Kelly spoke
against the issue of silver cojn, and
Reagan in advocacy of it.- Without
action, the committee rose. - .
Landers, of Indiana, offered a resO'
lution to restore elective government
in the District of Columbia; referred . -The
House then adjourned.
March 17. On motion of Banks,,
the committee on the Centennial,
question was authorized to sit dur-"
ing the recess of Congress.
Banning offered a resolution in-?
structing the military committee to
inquire into the making of contracts
for tho transportion of army supplieji
to Texas in Unadopted.- 0 '
Adjourned until Monday.-
Lord Lytton has appointed as h fs
private secretary Lieutenant-Colonel
Burne, formerly private secretary ta
Lord Mayo during his viceroyship,
and for two years past political sec-
vpiavv rill rlnfv nf. t.lim Trulia fPKr.
' "V " "V.VJ,
London. A London contemporary-"
in alluding to the appointment, says i
lhe omce ot private secretary to an
Indian Governor-General is vastlv
more important than is generally
supposed. The private secretary is
expected to knw everything and.
every person; to judge the character?
of men and their fitness for duties in
the field, in administration, in mili
tary organization, in connection with
education, with foreign jiolicy.-ano?
in fact with the entire and eornrtlo-r
machinery of : Indian government
Lord Mayo was by no means an easy
man to satisfy when the' public ser
vice was in question, but it is on rec
ord in more than one form that the
zeal," patience, tact, and unfailing
good temper of his private secretary:
were equal to every demand.- Col.
Burne had the rare art of smoothing
away unpleasantness and difficulties
while he never created either diffi
culty or unpleasantness; and then hp
had the equally rare art, it is said, of
stepping back when the work was
done, that his chief alone might ap
IMAGINATION AND SEA-SltKXESS
On a recent voyage on the California
the wife of the well-known citizen of
Los Angeles, California, was dread
fully sea-sick, and entreated the
captain to put her ashore anywhere,
for she was going to die. This being
impossible, her husband rolled up
some pellets of moist bread and
shook them up in a pill-box, where
they were soon coated with the pow
der in which, the pills had been
packed. Then he went to his wife
and told her the pills had been pre--scribed
by the ship's doctor a, an
infallible cure for sea-sickness, and
such was the miraculous effect of
the bread bills, and the lady's imagi
nation, that sho declared herself
quite well again and passed the rest
of the voyage on deck.
An Iowa couple were divorced
four weeks after marriage because the
husband wouldn't buy a hat-rack
with, two drawers in t.
Tweed has solved the problems, of
rapid transit, largo profits, and nq