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About Oregon City enterprise. (Oregon City, Or.) 1871-188? | View Entire Issue (Dec. 3, 1875)
DEVOTED' TO NEWS, LITERATURE, AH3 THE BEST INTERESTS OF OREGON.
OREGON CITY, OREGON, FRIDAY, DECEMBER 8, 1875.
1 1 H t p m it tf
A L33.5L rir,v3?,pir.
K O It THE
Farm:r, Basia:ss jlin, & Family Circle.
ISSUED EVERY FRIDAY.
p3?XIET33 AND PTJ3LISHE3.
OFFICIAL PAPE3 CLA!
OFFl-E In KsTEaPrusK BniHlns, one.
dor outh of .Masonic lJuilJing, Main Bt.
Terms of KulMfvi yt ion,
Single Copy One Year, In Advance 2."0
Six Months " " -.v 1.50
Term of .Y:l-ertisii2i
Transient advertisements. Including
nil -i notic-s. V s laar- ot twelve
lin-s on" wtvk . 5
For each sus 'qii Mit ins t.ioh
in" Column; on? year
uiir " ;
nusmoss Card, 1 so,u:re, one year
" SOCIETY NO TICES.
oiicuox i,oju;i; no. :j. i. i. .
Moots every Thursday -y-,
eveuin ;at7'i oVloek, in the vfiiv
OH 1-VUows' Hall, Main
street. Members of th' Or
djr are invited to attend. ly order
Id'.iii'CCA I)I-U;;i- L()l)ii no.
?,, i. o. o. r.
S.wm 1 an I
lay even in.;
at 7 ' oYlo.-!
, Moots on the
1 each month,
c. in the Odd
Follows' Hall. M-r.uiVrsol the Uegree
are invited to attend.
;nji.TxojiA!i no. i, a.i-'
it A. Holds its reirul ;r coni-
munications on the 1-irst ami
Tnird Saturdays inoaoh mo-.ith,
at 7 o'clock from thelMMi oi"S m.
tember to the iMih of March ; and 7!:
o'clock from the IMth of March to the
0th of September, lirethren in good
standing are invited to attend.
JSy order of W. M.
falls i:nc y:.um:x t no. i.i.o.
O. F., Mots atH) id 1. M w.
Hall on the First and Third Tue:
ilav of oa"humonth. Pitnire'.:
in g I si an ding a;o invited t:
n us i xisss c.i ds.
A. J. HOVK't,
1 1 ) vv
V 1 C 1
i'.I VSICI A !Vsi .vr.-. 4VKi-:on?,
or-OTl.v? t'ivSrairs in Cliamian's P.riok,
-t r-'ot .
r. U vr' rsiit
t it of viilT st air.vay.
d n. n t !
Pai l for t'otiitly
ATTORN E YS-AT-L A V
PftTt.AXU..I.i Opitz's new l-riclr, S.)
First str N t.
OU'.:tJiN CITY Charman's brick, up
KJ. AT HEY
ATTOiiNEV AND f DIaSELOII-AT-LAW,
OroLTon Citv, Oregou.
S-.-i-'ial attention civ n to loinhv-r Mon"y.
"i;tlM Front room in Ks rKia-msE biiikl-
johnoO n & c c o w r j
1TT0UNEYS AND tOlXELOUS AT-L.WY.
Oroon Gty, Croon.
CyWili j-.racti;o in all tl Courts of tin?
Stat"1. Sp eial attention yiven to cases in
tiio U. S. band O:l-;- at Oregon City.
i .. rr. c a ii i sT
CITY, : : OREGON.
practice in all
th Courti of the
Nov. 1, 1S73, tf
H- E. CHAMBERLAIN,
ATTO Ksr EY- AT-1 AAV
o OKKGOX CITY. &
Ofriee in Enter rn is e Rooms.
JAMES I.. TIPTON,
Nov. 5, lS73.f
V II. IIKJHFIELD.
jr4tallinel since -15, at tlic oll stand.
lain Street, Or:?on Tily, Owgon.
zo An assortment of Wat lis, .T -wol-yTyX
ry.and S 't ii Thomas' Weight Clocks
f;U 'fo -,"ii of which arc warranted to be as
j7" it 'pairinir done on short notice, and
thankful for pat patronage.
JOHX 31. JJACOX,
IMPORTER AND DEALER
In Books. Stationery, IVrfu'ii-
ery, etc., etc.
Main street, cast
rnilK ALD'sX FRUIT PRESERVING
X Couipanv of Oregon City will pay the
HIGHEST MARKET PW o
forPI.VMS. FK 11 nnl TTT.KS.
Mr. Thos. Charman is authorized to pur
chase for the Com nan v.
I D. Cs LATOURETTE,
THOS. CHARM AN, Secretarr.
Orfgon City, July 2S, 1S75 :tf
"For better for worse"
( And the sake of her purse)'
"For ri her, for poorer"
(Of course I'll endure her;)
"In sicknes.s and health"
(Whv not? with, her wealth!)
"To love and to cherish"
( I'd otherwise perish')
"Till Death us do part"
(Then at her aim his dartj )
"For better, for worse"
To old m uds I'm avsr.se ;)
"1-or richer, for poorer';
(And age has no enrer:)
"In sickness and health"
(Tiyie creeps on by stealth ;)
"T love, cherish, ol'ev"
(S:i I marry this dav.)
"Tilt Death do us part"
(Then I'll trv widow's art.)
Few women have ever lovr.d rnore
temlerlv than Mrs. Farley did when
she was married. She thoncrht her
young lmsb-nid the very llc'jn-er of
his rao; his heanty delighted her,
and the mtnly nobility she fancied,
and the genius to which all testified,
ni'tde it stem that if mail was -a little
more than the angels, that he was a
"little more than a man. She won-dert-d
(vhich w.ts natural), and told
him of it (which was nowise), what
ho saw in her small, poor, plain;
and he would langh and declare pro
pinquity did half" thfr mischief that
was done, and sometimes odd that
she had a baufy which satislied him.
In th'fi. fir?-t lish of her marriage,
in what 4Mindii,!iA?, in wliat rosy hap
piness, liyle Mr. Pa tie. j walkexl!
Oh, but it, was a brief Hush! Brif
as it was, tliapjcmory of it was all
she h:td to warns herself vv-ith for
many a ilivttry Jy that followed.
The lioftn iaoiv.! was not past before
she knrw ih.it hers was. the. too com
mon fate of t.ho?a who r&arry an .idol
idie was to do all th worshiping.
Not that she rffconiz&d in it -such
tylo; .he olly f sl t dimly that
little worship herself, yet
somehow was content. wnn & vague
shade in the, background at being
allowed to worship. The worst was
when Mrs. Favley foiled herself un
able to wurs.hip.
Yet tliii-t ws not immediately.
What was imuieijiiitfely. thnnqh, was
the rircumrtAiiue' thftt Mfi;. Farley so
disliki'd being consideved uxorious
that ho nf'gifctl lib wife cruelly,
and the nihls sliy lay c'rjihg alcjne
taught ls'jr tlif dyjaiuaTjt ky of l.ii.s
oharactsr, tUuugh h davsil not eall
it Iy R:vT;iiiH this insa sh bad ?w
adored! Jli-. Farley was tnneb ab
sent aViout hi work, moreover, his
steps beH)g lad hrfc
not nocoinpart him.
and theie for
herti he could
That ."he never
minded, so lung t's
could sit in
tiie studio rjtvrward and Watfth his
pie tit res grow.
They grew very slowly. 3Ir. Fsirley
was a d-.v,w11r; he liked to paint a
little, ami U:?n light his pipe and lie
down, lie -said he mellowing
his ideas; he w-a really taking his
ease. Then ha wanjd paiat a- little
more, and suddenly- throw down
palette, brush, maul-stick, declare
he must changa. the poles, and take
his French ISovfcl, or viae go for a
friend and a vtrtdl. Wheu Mrs.
Far-ley had hinted, in the Bweetest
manner, that a ItHU) effort would
keep the title f inspiration, clear,
Mr. Farley htvi replied that of all
things a looker-on wa the most hin
dering, and had locked the studio
door, where, of Couh.sg, Mrs. Iarrey
sat no more.
Nevertheless, it'al net long before
many things ere badly needed in the
household. Vv'i.ea they were sup
plied, Mr. Farley rugver inquired in
to tiieir source; he never gave
enough thought to tliera to imagine
they had a source; ami when he saw
Mrs. Farley busy with the fancy
work she had procured from a dealer,
lie thought s'.i might be better em
ployed. It iievgr occurred to him,
when article by "article of li i 3 under
wear was replaced, that it was not
something which had slipped out of
sight and escaped u:sej and when
now and then he found an unexpect
ed bank note in his pocket, small
though its dimensions wfre, lie called
that pocket the widow's cruse, and
said it was a way his .money always
had. ,t Of course Mrs. Farley never
received any thanks for deeds of
which he was unconscious; and not
the least of her pain was that, he was
so unconscious?. lie should Jiave
been conscious, he. Should -have
thought; if he had loved her; he
would have thought. Yet after his
way, be did love her as w-tdl as he
could love anybody but himself, the
being in whom he was, completely
"When they were married, Mr.
FaYley, living alter Bohemian frrslijpn
in a couple, of rooms, took his wife
there, and" they dined ft! a pretty
restaurant a pleasant walk away.
But when Mr. Farley learned a trick
of not coming homo from his stroll
till midnight, having found pleasant
friends and forgotten the rest, and
his wife did not dine at all unless
there were a chance cracker in the
chwet, then the restaurant was grad
ually given up for an impromptu
kite! ten, where charming dinners'
were prepared from little or nothing;
and Mr. Farley thought he liked
that best. It certainly cost him less,
for half the little et cetera of the
dinner, the fruit, the confections,
some peculiarly choice-made dish,
were s-mplied from her own earn
ings without a word. These occa
sional dinners were , not . quite so
charming by-and-bye when there
were more to eat the daily ones; and
when Mp. Farley missed the colored
ices or the wonderful Charlotte, for
whieji his wife had no longer th
spare five-dollar bill, he thought it a
very siugnlar'omission, and he spoke
sharply pf her neglect, and mentioned
the unfailing beauty of Mrs: So-and-so's
table bittorlv. Poor Mrs. Far-
ley, hurt to tl
ie quxciC. never uluelfd
SO much as the wish tn IpII liim 1
thai Mr. fc'o-and.-so saw that" his -wifff
had the means to provide unfailing
beauty, and expected no brick with
Yet such things hurt her no more
than hi3 general indifference. The
clothes she had at marriage she
turned, made over, dyed, and made
over again, and replaced them by her
earning when all was done. Never'
once did Mr. Farley ask if she had
anything to wear, or propose pro
curing anything, or give a glance, to
see if she had anything; yet when ho
praised Miss Chose's toilette or Mrs.
Chose's taste, she knew that if she
had beauty herself, his eye would
rest on her long enough to see if the
beauty were well clothed. It wasn't
his fault that he loved beauty; it
wasn't her fault that she had none;
hut it was another pang that she was
always feeling, a sore spot he was al
ways irritating. The truth about it
was that he spared himself trouble,
knowing that she would do her best
to please him and his pride.
Every summer Mr. Farley took his
journeys, the first one with her; the
second summer there was a lwdy,
and she never went again. What
she lived on in those absences, and
with what she took care of her babies,
Heaven knew, and Mr. Farley did
not. Nor was it only through the
vanities of pretty clothes and pleas
ant journeys that her flesh was mor
tified. If there was a rare concert,
it was not she who went to it; opera
was an unknown region to her; such
things were needed to feed the artist's
"We can't both go," he would
"Then yon must go alone, dear,"
she would answer; and he went.
When at dinner, too, she denied
herself the dainty to which Mr.
Farley was helped repeatedly, the
act was unobserved? when she sat up
jiight after night with a sick child,
Mr. Parley slept the sleep that we
bear belongs to the just; and when
the child died, it was she that had to
make all the heart-breaking funeral
arrangements, because Mr. Farley's
nerves were too delicate for such a
Yet Mr. Farley ha d a conscience,
li was his conscience that made it
necessary to accentuate any un-
ii t i'i i i -i. i
wormy tiaug which lie iouuu in nis
wife, and to lay stress on it wifh
whomsoever happened to be present.
If she uttered a mild, "Oh, I
wouldn't," at some imprudent, act, a
quick word at some unbearable vexa
tion, it was his part to catch up and
dilate upon it till the hearer could
not but bo convinced of egregious
wrong on her jart. To put her in
fault was the sole excuse for himself,
and he used the excuse. lint though
at first, hurt and teased beyond
power of repression, she alloived
him to succeed, at last she made no
answer, but maintained absolute
silence, and only wished she was ont
of sight, out of hearing, put of tho
One day a f riend who had seen too
much of their inner life tooV it upon
himself to remonstrate. Mr. Farley
assured him of his error, spoke of his
wife's peculiarities, declared not only
that he had been forced to this
course, but his wife really preferred
it to a tenderer one, which detracted
from her singular ideas concerning
the dignity of woman as a mate and
not a pet explained so much away,
in short, that his friend was half
convinced in spite of own eyes and
ears. But when the friend had de
parted: "This is the last straw
which breaks the camel's back," ex
claimed Mr. Farley. "To be ac
cused of this, after all the sacrifices
I have made! 'But for vou. and the
necessity fory-o i and yours, I should
be luxuriating with my art in that
Italy which is the natural home" of
art; I should be bound down to no
petty canvases and .contemptible
fancies for the sake of selling them
to put bread into your mouth; I
should bo soaring on the wings of
my genius in that heaven of fame
which was my natural inheritance,
bat between which and me, you and
your children have stood, till you
force me to grovel." He really be
lieved it. and his eloquence moved
him enough to cloud his mind and
make him morose- for days; and he
never rose in the morning without
making the day dark for his wife
with ill temper, and he never laid
his head on the pillow at night until
he had made his wife wet hers w ith
tears. Life ceased to have, any
charms for little Mrs. Farley. Abuse,
hardship, and privation had destroy
ed what elasticity there ever was in
her composition, and she drooped
daily; the children one by ono had
died; there seemed to be nothing for
her to look forward to; she had for
gotten how to smile, though her hus
band assured her she remembered
hov tosulk; she dreaded the light
evesry morning when she opened her
eyes; she seldom closed them with
out a hope that she was closing
thfisrn fpr good and all.
Every morning Mrs. Farley felt a
little more, disinclined to begin the
day, every night a little more in
clined not .to .see the next all t he
time little more nervous, a little
more ready to break down, a little
weaker, a little sadder. A neighbor,
realizing " her condition, sent her
some delicacy; Mr. Farley ate it up.
"A good joke and a good dish," said
Mr. Farley. Mr. Farley never
realized her condition, urged on her
no delicacy, procured her no tonic,
never dreamed of a doctor. He re
proached her just as severely for
any shoft-eoming, quarreled with
her as fiercely if she differed, quar
reled if she dropped the difference.
"Ah me!" sighed the poor little fool;
"if I were only pretty, he would be
afraid that he micrht loss me."
StraDge as ifc seems,
through it all.
she loved him
Onn pvcninw lfr. Farlev wn
smnVimr with ii hnn.7 mmratle in fliA
adjacent room when a friend who
had been fitting with' his wife ran in
breathlessly to send him for the doc
tor. Mrs.- Farley .was bleeding at
the lungs! "Tell her to put some
salt in her mouth," he said, as he
went. But just before he reached
the doctor's door he met with an ac
quaintance who was wildly enthusi
astic over some effect of cloud, and
aild spire and moon, and whom he
found it so difficult to shake off that
before he was aware0, the contagious
enthusiasm had seized him, and he
was studying and disenssing as
eagerly as the other. When he
reached the doctor's door that
worthy had left only a moment be
fore, and it Avas a couple of hours
6re he returned. "An hour earlier,"
said the doctor, "and I should have
She was lying on her pillow, white
as though she were already dead,
when her c husband came in some
friends about her, the doctor hold
ing her pulse. The little plain wo
man was, for that moment, radiantly
beautiful; it was her first selfishness.
She held out her other hand to her
husband, as ho paused, awe struck.
And all at once it came over him
that she was going, and ho would be
alone; that the ground was failing
under his feet, the sky shriveling
above him. He fell on his knees be
side her, sobbing aloud. He sprang
to his feet and caught her iti his
arms, 'and implored her not to leave
him, and reviled himself for his
neglect of her. "Oh no, no, my
darling," said the little creature,
smiling gloriously, "you have made
have made me so very happy!"
And then she was at rest at last
dying, for his sake, with a lie upon
her lips. Bazar.
Lives in Prussia.
In the Gaukis is an account of a
visit paid by a gentleman to the for
tress atMayenee, in which he touches
lightly on the extreme severity of the
Prussian system. Ho writes: One
fine morning I asked the manager of
the hotel where I was staying the
nearest way to the fort. Mine host
looked at me with a tronbled coun
tenance, and implored of me not to
visit the- citadel. "Monsieur," he
continued "the Prussian authorities
see spies in all visitors; the most in
offensive people are suspected. A
few weeks back some English tourists
staying at this hotel were arrested,
and it cost me six bottles of Clicquot
to have them liberated. Think of
my reputation had the affair gone
any lurther: it would have been said
I had myself informed on my visit
ors. Then a Russian officer who was
sketching in the neighborhood has
been taken for a French spy." Scorn
ing the warnings of ray informant, I
pursued my way up a winding path
to the citadel, and my non-martial
mein gained me speedy admittance.
A young corporal guard was appoint
ed my guide, who spoko complain
ingly of the severediseiplineto which
they had to submit. " You are a
conscript?" said I. " Yes sir."
"Have you to work very hard?"
" Oh, yes, sir. One is no longer a
man nothing but a machine. We
do not get breathing time; eternal
exercises, continual marches, inces
sant maneuvers. During the ex
hausting heat of last month we lost
six of our comrades in two days
while at drill. D suing a march to
Grantadt last week," under a fierce
sun, foir men dropped dead, and
fifty had to bo left lying on the road,
and yet the rest marched into Oran
stadt to the music of drums and fifes.
In their inexorable discipline the
authorities do 'not calculate a man's
life; it is nothing in their eyes; mere
ly a leaf off the great. tree, a grain of
corn transported by the wind." "Do
you not complain of this severity?"
I asked. " NT o use, sir; it is not the
officers who are in fault, it is the sys
tem." A bell rang and my young
conscript had to leave me, so I left
the fort in no wise impressed by the
wisdom of the system.
The Watch. "Watch" i3 from a
Saxon word signifying "to wake."
At first the watch' was as large as a
saucer;- it had weights, and was
called "the pocket clock." The
earliest known use of .the modern
name "occurs iu a record of 1512,
which mentions that Edward YI. had
"onne larum or Watch of iron, 'the
base being of iron-gilt, with two
plumettes of lead." The first great
improvement, the substitution of the
spring for weights, was made in 1550.
The earliest springs were not coiled,
but only straight pieces of steel.
Early watches had only one hand,
and required winding twice a day.
The dials were of silver or brass; the
case had no crystals but opened at
back and front, and were four or five
inches in diameter. -
There is a w-atch in aSwiss museum
only three-sixteenths of an inch in
diameter, inserted in the top of a
pencil-case.. Its little dial indicates
not only hours, minutes and seconds,
but also days of the month. It is a
relic of the old times when watches
were inserted iu saddles, snuff-boxes,
shirt studs, breast-pins, bracelets
and finger rin;:?. Many 'were fantastic-
oval, octangular, cruciform,
or in the shape of pears, melons, tu
lips, or coffins-.
a m i r 'i " J "
A youth was rushing '"round the
corner saying, " All I want in this
world is to lay my . hands on him!"
He presently came updn a boy weigh
ing about ten pounds more than him
self, and rushing at him, he exclaim
ed. "Did you lick my brotherBen?"
"Yes, I did," said the boy, dropping
his bundle and spitting on his hands.
" Well," continued the other lad,
backiDg 6lowly away, "he needs a
lickin' once a week to teach him to
I be civil!"
Senator Kcriian on the jSchool
I have been grieved iu a. crisis like
this to see the press and even public
speakers seeking to turn" aside and
trying to stir up that worst of all
passions in any land religious
strife. The day . will be a sdone
when .in this country every man can
not express his opinions freely
whether political or religious, and
when the demon of bigotry has got a
foothold upon our land. Turning
aside from stopping peculation, from
working out reform that shall relieve
everybody of burdens and give us
again prosperity, and endeav&r to
stir up some honest man's bigotry to
think that the public schools are in
Now, Dy fellow-citizens, the pub
lic schools of this State are planted
beyond the power of any Legislature
by the Constitution of the State; it
declares iu unmistable language that
the common school fund shall be pre
served inviolate. It declares further
that the income of the common school
fund shall be applied only to the
support of common schools. The
highest court of your State more
than fifteen years ago declared . that
the common schools spoken Of in the
Constitution were the public schools,
and that no Legislature could allow
a dollar of that money to go to the
support of a denominational or sec
tarian school. And the Constitu
tion also declares that no public
money shall be distributed to any
sectarian or private, institution. 1"
would appeal to you as earnestly as
I would appeal to my bet friend if
I thought a danger was hanging over
us. Do not allow yourself to bo
turned aside by this feeling; let us
always remember that the. man who
worsliips his Creator honestly ac
cording to his convictions is the real
Christian before God and before,
man. If I honestly or mistakenly
believe something else than you do.,
you will respect. me, for the man that
fails to act what he believes is his
duty to his Creator will not be faith
ful to his fellow-men. No, the com
mon schools are iu your Constitu
tion, and should be maintained as
public schools, and will have to be
and rightfully too. Whenever all of
the children of the Srato can go aud
get a secular education, the schools
should be maintained so that- the
feeling of no parent or child, no
matter what their religion? may be,
should be wounded 3 in that school.
I grieve to see that our opponents
I trust not.many of them seeming
to feel weak on the subject of reform,
are seeking to get up religions an
tipathies. I appeal to every man to
vote according to his judgment on
the practical question before him,
and remember that he is not respon
sible for his neighbor's belief, and
remember that under our glorious
Constitution it is the right as well as
the duty of every man to worship; bis
God according to the honest eonvicf
tions of duty, and that as he judges
here he surely will bo judged here
after. The Sultan's Extravagance
Tm key has been borrowing money
in Europe, says T. W. Knox in his
new book. Nearly all the money has.
been wasted; a very little has gone
for the construction of, railways, but
most of it had been put into palaces,
diamonds for the woman of the se
raglio, ships of war, mosques, and
the like, and everyday there are thou
sands of pounds wasted On soma
Here is a specimen case- Thoy
built an imperial palace known as
the Palace Tshiragan, when they had
palaees enough for a dozen JSuItans.
The Sultan moved into the building
when finished it cost jC2.000.00Q
sterliner. or about 810.000.000 in erold
and he lived there just two days!
Then he moved out because he had
an unpleasant dream, and the palace
, , 1 - - - -1 T 1
wm never again up occupied, it
stands idle, empty, and beautiful on
the banks of the Bosphorus, and will
stand thus till destroyed.
A couple of years ago the Sultan
commanded that a conservatory
should be erected in his garden.
Glass and other materials w?re or
dered from Europe, and hundreds of
men were set at work. Tt was finish
ed at a cost of over $1,000,000, and
his majesty went to see it. The old
idiot T wish to be resDectful. as he
is a Sultan was fiot in good temper
for some reason." ana ueiermi-neci not
to be pleased. He raised his languid
ej-es to the roof of the, building and
Hi.n fnrned awav.
" I don't like it," he said ; "'destroy
And before night- ayery piece, of
erlass was broken and the beautiful
mm- , If .
SrxF-rMAPE aiex. i: ran Klin was a
journeyman prjnter. Columbus was
a weaver. Ferguson and Burns were
ploughman. -St-xtiis V. was employ
ed iu herding swine. Hogarth, an
engraver in pettier pots. Ben. John
son was a bricklayer. Parson was the
son of a parish clerk. Akenside was
the son of a butcher so was Wolsey,
Cervantes was a common soldier,
Halley was the son of a soap boiler.
Arkwright. was a baker. Belzoni
was the son of a barber. Blackstone
and Southey were the sons of linen
drapers. Crabbe, a fisherman's son.
ive.ats, the son of a hvery-stable
keeper. Bnchannan was a farmer.
Canova Cook began his career a cab
iu boy. Hayden was the son of
wheelwright. Hogg was a shepherd.
A very tall and shabby-lookinj
man, after having a glass of liquor
asked the bar-tender if he could
change a S20 bill. The gentleman
lntormea Mmttiat lie could. "Well.
! said the tall one, with a sigh of satis
faction, l ii go out and see if I can
The article on Arabia iu the sec
ond volume of,, the new edition of
he "Encyclopaedia Britanniea" is
by William Palgrave, one of the first
authorities upon the subject. A
good portion' of his article is given
to that theme of never-failing wonder,
the Arab horse. 0He says:
" Beared under an open shed, and
early habituated to the sight ? of
man, to the sound and gutter of
weapons and to all the accessories of
human life, the .colt grows tip free
from vice or timidity, and even ac
quires a degree of intelligence that is
surprising. Barley and dates are the
chief stall provender; but the grass
of the pasture-grounds, in the selec
tion of which much care is taken, is
the prdinary nourishment of an
Arab horse. Of water the allowance
is always kept purposely scant. A
good Nejdee will canter four-and-tweutv
hours in summer-time and
eight-and-forty in winter without
6nco requiring drink, llaw meat,
dried, is occasionally given in small
quantities when extra exertion i
required; lucerne grass is employed
for lowering the tone. Oreldings
ate very "rare. 1 he color that most
frequently occurs is gray; then j
comes chestnut; then white and
sorrel; mottled gray and black are
now and then td be fputid; dark bay
never. Colts are ridden early too:
early, indeed in their third, or
even second year, aftd are soon
broken into a Steadv walk or canter
and to the ambling, pace which is a
special favorite- with Arab riders;
racing, ao Arab amusement from
time immemorial, and the game of
'jerzed,,' a kind of tournament, or
mock fight with blunt palm sticks,
highly -popular .throughout tue
peninsula, complete the training as
to wind arid. pace, faauules are sel-
'lOm used in seid, and stirrups
never; but both -are occasionally em
ployed in Hijaz. and Yemen. So it
is, idsp, with bits, the place of which
is takn in Nejd by halter-ropes, the
real guidance of the animal being
almost wholly effected by the pres
sure of the riders leg and knee.
Shoes, too, are of rare occurrence,
nor are they needed in tiie light
Saod-mixe'd soil of the central
provinces! on the other hand, the
hoofs are often rubbed with grease,
to Counteract the drying effects of the
heated w ground. Of all niceties of
"grOOming, docking and clipping
excepted, the Arabs are masters; and
their natural kindness to animals a
quality which they share with most
Orientals, together with jhe care
every reasonable man bestows on a
valuable article ot property insures
to an Arab horso good treatment at
the hands of its owner. But Arab
horses do not commonly enter tents
hot play with women and children.
nor, in a general way, dogthey share
the family meals, nor are they
habitualls' kissed and cried over, as
th imagination or credulity of some
narrator has suggested. An Arab
living for life has, indeed, been
known to give the only morsel of
bread about him to his horse" rather
than eat it himself an act in which
self-preservation had as large a share
as affection. Lastly, the standing
prohibition or horse selling from
Nejd has really nothing more roman
tic in it than narrow-minded applica
tion of the principles of protective
monopoly; in other cases, reluctance
to conclude a bargain simply indi
cates that the offer made was insuffi-t-ient."
Frankness in Love. One of the
most essential things in all love af
fairs is entire and perfect frankness"
Both parties should be frank true
to themselves and truthful to each
other. How many uneasy, troubled,
and anxious minds, how many break
ing and broken hearts there ar to
day in which content and happiness
might have reigned supreme but for
want of frankness! Repentance inva
riably comes from all those things,
but it often comes too late, and only
when he evil produced is incurable.
In love, as in everything else, truth
is the strongest of all things, aifd
frankness is but another name for
truth. Then always be frank. Avoid
misunderstandings; give no reason
or occasion for them. They are
more easily shunned than cured;
they leave scars upon, the heart. You
are less likely to be deceived your
self -when you never deceive others.
Franknest is like the light of a clear
day in which everything may be
Ruling in Relation to Postal
Cards. -Post Office Department rules
that apostal card, having once been
forwarded through the mails and
delivered to the sender, cannot be
used to convey the same information
a second time by affixing a one-cent
stamp, even though the sender and
receiver are identical. Certain relief
associations sent out postal cards an
nouncing a death and consequent
assessment upon the surviving mem
bers; these cards are returned and
by affixing a one-cent stamp upon
them, are again used for transmission
to the original addresses. The De
partment holds that having once
performed its service, the card ceases
to be postal, and its issue being made
void must pay letter rate.
The Hon. William D. Kelley, in
his speech at Atlanta, Ga., said that
in front of his bouse in Philadelphia
stands a huge chestnut tree planted
bv George Washington, and that in
his house are pictures of most of the
signers of the Declaration of Inde
pendence and other heroes of the
Revolution and many mementoes of
that period. He added that he had
offered his house to the British Le
gation as their headquarters while
at the Centennial, and the offer liaa
At a meeting of German natural
philosophers in Yienua, Dr Knapp
introduced two arsenic eaters from
Styria; the oneate thirty-hundredths
grammes of yellow i-snlphuret of
arsenic, the other forty-hundredths
grammes of arsenic acid, iu sight of
the assembly. Jn his lecture on the
arsenic eaters Dr. Knapp said among
other things: "It is difficult to give
any certain particulars as to the in
crease in number of arsenic eaters.
I have convinced myself that there
exist many of them in Upper Styria,
and also in Middle Styria; very
many stable boys, ostlers, wood cut
ters, and foresters are known to me
as arsenic eaters; even the female
sex is addicted to the practice.
Many began already at seventeen or
eighteen years of age to take arsenic,
and continued it to a great age.
Most arsenic eaters keep the matter
secret, so it is impossible to give ac
curate statistics. They all assign as
their motives for indulging in the
habit that it prevents illness; fur
thers their wish to look rosy and
healthy; that it is a remedy against
difficulty of breathing, and assists in
the digestion, f indigestiblo " food.
A poacher in Upper Styria, who
made experiments iu my presence of
eating arsenic, told me be had ac
quit -d courage by the habit. Tie
appearance of the argenio eaters in
all cases" known to me is healthy
and robust. I think only robust
persons can be accustomed to the
pr,;etu.'e. of tlicm" attain s-.
great ::ge. Tims in Z riring I saw a
cliaveo.J burner, upward of seventy,
still strung aud hearty, who, J was
told, had taken jirsenic for more
than forty years. I heard, too, of a
chamois hunter of eighty-one. who
had long been used to eating arsenic.
I never observed an arsenic eacbezy
in those addicted to the habit. It
certainly happened once that such
an arsenic cater (a leather dresser's
apprentice in Ligisi, 18G5) while in
toxicated took much, thereby pois
oning himself severely. According
to his own account he had taken a
piece as large as a Uean. He entirely
recovered, however, and ate arsenic
afterward, but more carefully. As
far as my observations extend, white
arsenic, namely arsenic acid, As OS
(also called flowers of arsenic) and
the yellow arsenic, A3. S3 (orpimeiit)
are taken, and that in a dry state,
alone, or on bread. The dose is of
course very small at first, and is
gradually increased, the largest
quantity eaten in my presence br
the poacher in Zeiring being four
teen grammes. A certain Matthew
Schober, in Ligist, ate seven and
one-half grammes before me on the
17th of April, 18G5. The intervals,
too, at which arsenic is taken vary ;
every fortnight, every week, twice
or three times a week. But all
doubt as to the existence of arsenic
eaters is now removed Bby the present
Losing a Button.
Walter Scott tells a sttSry of a boy
who was with him in school, who al- a
ways stood at th. head of the class.
It was the custom of the scholars to
change places in their classes, ac
cording to failure or success iu reci
tation; but though Walter was num
ber two, he could not get to the
bead, because this boy "never missed.
But Walter noticed that he had a o
habit, when pnzzled by a hard ques
tion, of twirling a buttoH on his
jacket, and this seemed to help him
think of a right answer.
Walter, more e through mischief
than any worse motive, cut off the
button slyly one day, to see if it "
would make any uiflerence. The
Jesson was a spelling lesson, and
several boys at the foot missed a hard
word. It came round to the head.
The boy. instinctively put his hand
to the button. It was gone. He
Jooked down to find it, grew con
fused, missed the word, and Walter
went above him. The lxy never got
to the head again, seemed to lose his
ambition, settled dawn into a second
rate scholar, and never accomplished
much in life. Walter Scott declared
that he often suffered sharp remorse
at the thought that he spoiled the
boy for school and for life by cut
ting off the button that had done
such good service.
The following is the description
of ten packages contained in the
treasury box of Wells, Fargo & Co.,
robded by three highwaymen at 4:1
a. M.,, November 10th, 1875, about
two miles south of Boise bridge:
Amalgam bar from Virtue mine, Con
tained 173 ozs. retorted in circular
shape, about 924 fine assay value,
$3,075; silver bar, not stamped, 2G7
00-100 ozs. assay value, $100; gold
bar No. 100, Boise City assav office,
72 74 100 ozs., 537 fine, gold, $608
22; gold bar-No. 100, Boise City
assav office. 18 3G-100 ozs., 723 fine,
gold", S137 42; in buckskin bag, $400
gold; $100 gold notes; in packages,
gold coin, $200, $25 81, $52 60, 23
45; in Chinese packages, gold dust,
$1,000, $100. Total coiu value, 87,
G59 19. A reward of one-fourth will
be paid on all of t lie above desciibed
treasure recovered by Wells, Fargo
Noisy little boys in Cincinnati are
told that rightin the centre of the
hind hoofs of every live mule theie
is a little lump of gold, whir h can
be easily dug ont with a penknife.
Union is not always strength," a3
Sir Charles Napier said, when he
saw the purser mixing his rum and
The tvoo who put in an "h" in-stiadoa'-d-in-dairy
been sat upon in the EstekpbiK
COURTESY OF BANCROFT LIB