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DEVOTED TO POLITICS, NEWS, LITERATURE, AND THE BEST INTERESTS OF OREGON.
OREGON CITY, OREGON, FRIDAY, OCTOBER 22, 1875.
- -n mas fT n lS I krTllff i . . . . .m
. The State fair
LOCAL DEMOCRATIC NEWSPAPER
ww -W 9.-
F O K THE
Business Man, Family Circle.
OfflCIAL PAPER FOR CLACKAMAS CO.
orKITE-In EntkrprisR BviUdins. one
dwrsouili of Masonic UullUintf. Main St.
Terms of Subscription t
. Copy Ona Your, In Advance $2.50
' .Six Months " " l-r'0
Term of Advertising I
.: ... o.ivri isomentn.
inotitv. square of twelve
i,...,c iinC W-M'k
Fir. ;!i subsequent insertion
mi.- Coin tun. mi- yf
iiiir " " ,
Q-urter - "
u imuos Cunt, 1 square, one J ear.
i,oiu;i: no. 1. 1. o. v..
Mivts every Thursday
v' liin-rat 7 ' Vloek, in the
Oil Fellows' Hall. Main
.n-ei-t. Mfin'iiMS of t!io Or-
d:T are iiivitt-il to attend.
in;m:tJJ.v i)i:i:ni:i: i,om;u no.
I. O. O. V., Meets on the
Seeond and Fourth Tuos
d.iv evening each month,
it 7 .. nVloelv. in the Odd
l-Mlows' 1 1. ill. .Uc-nhersof tho Decree
;ire invited to attend.
3;uiro:.j vii i.oi)(;ii no. i,
v A. M., 1 1. '1,1s Us rr-rnl:ir com
iminieitl ions on thu First :md .
T.iii d -S it unlays ineaeli month.
:il I n ii.ici; iroin ine-uii 01 .-".-p.
t Mii'o. r to tin; J Rh of March ; and
o'- l'ti k iVoni the L'Otli of March to tho
juh nf Svtnti-inlter. llrt-threii in good
st ireliiej; are invited to attend.
l'.V iinli'l' of W. 1.
1M IP.C A.UI'MSiVr NO. 1,1. o.
() V., Sleets at Odd Fellows' 0 rj
Hall onthra First suulThird Thus
d iv o(" each .month. Patriarchs
od standing are invitod to attend.
n V S I A' li S S V A JZ I J s.
a.j. u ivr.R, m. n.
J. Vv. XORRLS, M. D.
HOVHU fc NOHIUS,
I'llVSU lVNS AN!) Sl ttKXS
l'j.-st;iirs in Cliarman's I.ricic,
ir. M.iv-t's r'sij
fnt (if oiilT sr.-iir.vay
Tliird str.-ft. at
D S f 3 T I 3 T
!:; ." city
laiil fr Couiilj
HUELAT &. EASTHAM,
POIIT1. X1) In
I 'ir-t si n--t.
Opitz's new brick, SO
:ik;;o. CITY Charman's Vrick, up
M v.rs. sei't-Mtr
TTI!!iM:Y AM) r.nlNSELOU-.T-L.V,
Oregon City, Oregon.
it attention siven to loaning Money.
' Front room in Kntkki-ki.sk buikl-
JOHIISOrl a. PlcCOWN
TTQUEYS AND COUNSELORS AT-LAW.
.-Will pnPti'?o In nil th Courts of the
Stat. spfeial attention iivcn tt cases in
the U. S. Land oniee at Oregon City.
JL,. T. 13 A 11 I N"
oregon crr, :
OFFICE Over Tope's
: : OREGON.
Tin Store, Main
V,. 11. HIUUFIKLD.
K.itallUHel rtiucv ' 1.), at i oUl ataml.
Main StrM, Orrsau City, Orcjon.
--o .n assortment of Wathes, Jcwel
i vx rv.and Setlt Thomas Weljrht Clocks
;o ;i'n of whielt are warranted to be as
9"Uepairina: done on short notice, and
thankful for pat patronage.
JOHN 31. RAC0N,
niror.TEn ap dkai.er
In Hooks stationery, Perfum
ery, etc., etc.
Ore-roil City, Oregon.
Office, Main street, east
STILL I X TIIE FIELD!
REMOVED SECOND DOOR SOUTH OF
WILLIAMS & HARDING,
KEEP THE MOST COMPLETE STOCK
of Family Groceries to M found in the
city. All iroods warranted. Joods delivered
la the pity free of charjre. The highestcash
price paid for conntrv produce.
Oregon City. March 2S, 1S73.
rPHE AI.DKN" FRUIT PRESERVING
J- Company of Oregon City will pay the
, HIGHEST MARKET PRICE
Ior l'I.VMS, PEAKS and APPLES.
.Mr- T no. Charman is authorized to pur-t-aas
for t he Com pa n v.
L. L. C LATOURETTE,
Trio. CHARM -VX.SeoretarT.
was pecuniarily a
Many pockets were relieved of
their contents during fair week bv
he light-fingered guild.
A China woman was murdered by
some unknown celestial in Portland
Lewis Miller was shot at Kalama
and instantly killed by his nephew, J.
Huprill. Domestic trouble the cause.
East Portland is happy it has
had an elopement.
Gen. Oh! Oh! Howard has com
pleted his tour of inspection. Now
then, Moody and Sankey we are
ready for you. . i
Tiie new fire company at Albany
lias incorporated under the laws of
the btate, and will commence solic
iting stock subscriptions at once.
Capital stock is fixed at $1,000, in
shares of 10 each.
Mr. R. 11. Cochran has arranged
with a number of citizens of Albany
to meet nt Snores' ferry next Wed
nesday, and with them make a full
and complete reorganization of the
proposed route of tli3 canal from the
McKenzic river down tuo valley to
The horse Foster won the big race
on Friday. The California horse,
lwentv Une being withdrawn as
lame, after the first heat.
lhe lamlnll county grand jury
report that there is not a safe jail in
the whole county.
Frank McMillen, of Forest Grove,
returned the other day from a trap-
nintr excursion of month, bringing
'200 worth of furs.
Large quantities of wheat are ship
ping from lorest Grove ly the rail
way. it is estmiateii inai 4 0,vuv
bwsliels will be shipped from that
point this season.
The tax lew of Coos county is 23
mills on the dollRr. The total valu
ation of propeitv in the county is
$1,503,882. from which are to be de
ducted $138,511, and indebtedness,
The Commercial Flouring Mills at
McMinnville have commenced running.-
The proprietors are paying
St. Joe prices for wheat, and are get
ting a large amount. They have
already about 20,000 bushels stored
at the mill.
ThcThriiUesKuess of Profcssion-
The laborer who has saved money
is better fitted perhaps than any one
to employ to advantage the kind of
labor in which he himself is versed.
But the lawyer or the author who
has saved money has no way open to
him of turning, at the same time,
both his knowledge and his money
to account by the successful employ
ment of the talents of other lawyers
or other authors in undertakings like
unto his own. Perhaps, indeed,
something of this kind happens when
a very popular author like Dickens
turns editor, and collects round him
a staff of clever writers, who admire
his genius and are even disposed to
copy his mannerisms. But the case
is exceptional, and as a rule it so sel
dom turns out that the very success
ful author happens to have the qual
ities of a successful editor and jour
nalist, that exceptions of this kind
may be pit aside as irrelevant. No
doubt one of the great reasons why
professional men are, on the Avhole,
so turiiliess in proportion to ineir
m. i a
gains is this that the occupation
which absorbs their energies is not
one the gains of which can bo ex
tended by the help of judicious sav
ins and investment. A man cannot
be successful in commerce, nor, in
deed, very successful even as a skill
ed laborer, without a strong motive
for saving in order to secure more
success, either of the same sort, or
at least of a closely analogous sort.
But a prolessional man who is very
successful rarely has a strictly pro
fessional motive for saving. The
more his heart is absorbed in his
work, the less he thinks of providing
for himself in directions which are
in no way bound up with his work.
Mr. James Lick's selection of Mt.
Hamilton, in Santa Clara county,
California, as tho place to put his
observatory and great telescope,
makes this description of the moun
tain by the San Jose Mercury inter
esting: " Mount Hamilton is 4,448
feet high. The summit is higher
than any land within 50 miles, and
consequently below the level of tho
plane of the Observatory, which, in
an astronomical point of view, is the
desideratum sought. The beautiful
valley of San Jose, the snowy ridge
of the Sierra Nevadas, and a bound
less area of mountain scenery, are in
the scope of vision, and the elevation
is so high as to be above the fogs of
summer, and is not so high as to be
much disturbed by the storms of
winter. The party that ascended
the mountain on Sunday last had a
magnifiicent view of the grand old
Pacific, while the setting of tho sun
almost bewildered them by its gor
geousness. The road will open up a
rich territory of agricultural lands,
besides furnishing one of the most
romantic and delightful drives in
the United States."
A Louisville man complains of
marble table cloths at one of the res
taurants. He says he doest't like to
wipe his mouth with a tombstone in
the absence of a napkin.
xow max me iau elections are m
vogue, a married man rarely gets
home before two a. m., so anxious is
lie to hear the latest returns.
TLKIIITORIAL XEIVS ITEM. I
Sam Phinney, a heavy horse raiser
in North Idaho, passed through Boise
on Sunday before last with a band of
one hundred and eighty head of
horses, destined for the town of Ste
venson, on the line of Utah and Wy
There are four or five streams emp
tying into Puget Sound that can very
readily be made navigable for dis
tances varying from ten to sixty
miles, and thus open up to settlement
and profitable culture a large area of
the best lands on the coast.
P. I.-Ford has commenced suit
against the Northwestern Stage Co.,
for $31,000 for damages sustained by
his wife, by the staare accident near
Flint some time ago.
The Salt Lake Tribune says the
heir apparent to Brigham's throne is
down from Cache valley, brintrintr
on the soles of his boots a few acres
of the farm bis father stole from the
The cars are expected to reach
Walla Walla city by the 1st of next
in Walla Walla valley
year 0,300 bushels of
wheat on 145 acres of land
John Gihlay was dangerously and
perhaps fatally stabbed by Peter
Donnelly at South Mountain, Idaho,
on the 5th inst.
There is talk of a trotting match
on llie walla w alla tract between
Mack's Mark Twain and Eph. Bun
ker's Lewiston. The latter is an
Idaho horse, and said to bo very
There is a movement on foot in the
Washington Territory Legislature to
incorporate the city of Tacoma.
We hear that at the Boulder coun
ty fair. Colorado, a blind horse, dri
ven by a deaf man, won a trotting
race. "Don't see it."
The Washington Territory legisla
tors have taken an exenrsion down
the Sound, taking a vacation of two
days for that purpose.
If Cheyenne don't watch her cor
ners she will wake some morning
and find the capital gone. Laramie
is going to try to capture it.
A paper in Wyoming advertises a
tailor's establishment where,4double
breasted boys' suits" are kept. This
shows to what extremes woman suf
frage has brought that unfortunate
Dr. Savillo, Indian agent at Rod
Cloud, will probably be superseded
by a Mr. Hastings, a Michigan man
who has never been accused of steal
Another band of converts, 3.30 in
mostly from Fngland, are
way from New York to Salt
The Las Animas Leader tells about
a ranchman in that region who sold
.$537 55 worth of watermelons and
cucumbers from an acre of ground.
Bills have been introduced in the
Washington Territory Legislature
providing for the removal of obstruc
tions from Gray's Harbor and Whis
ky river, and permitting foreign cor
porations to transact business ana
hold real estate in the Territory.
The Prescott (Arizona) Miner of
Oct. 1st says: Mrs. M. Hnllery, an
aunt to Mrs. Allen, arrived here from
Portland, Oregon, a few days since,
and will make her home here.
The Boise City papers report that
there is not a house to let in that
The Hard of Avon.
It reminded us of Theodore Hook
when he stopped a pompous pedes
trian with the anxious inquiry, "are
you anybody in particular?"
An austere pride-puffed individual
was sauntering through the principal
street of Oregon City one day last
week, when a prominent member of
the celebrated Hoodlum family call-
His Lordship whirled indignantlj'
around, pistols and coffee beaming
in his eyes, demanding:
"How dare you insult a gentle
man!" "Say, Jim, it insults this rooster
to be compared with Shaksriearo, he
must be a prince!"
"Shakspeare is not my name, you
"'Tain't, eh! What did you turn
around for, then?"
"Why, er, the truth is, ah" but
his "Nibs" was suddenly reminded
of an engagement at Canemah, and
to the best of our knowledge, never
finished that sentence.
The Speakership. The strength
or weakness of the inflationists will
be shown in the election of a speaker
of the next House of Itepresentatives
by the Democratic majority of that
body. The candidates for the office
are embarrassed by doubts as to tho
drift of financial opinion. Only one
of them Mr. Michael C. Kerr is
known to have declared in favor of
a sound currency. Mr. Kandall sur
rendered to the inflationists at the
Erie Convention, and Messrs. Cox
and Woods are silent. It may be
that the hard-money Republicans,
nnitinor with the
crats, will elect Kerr, the coin cur-
rency candidate, over Randall the
avowed friend of inflationists, ana
Cox and Wood the mutes.
The Ungodly. A Connecticut re
vivalist is named A. Ripper, and the
ungodly say that lie is all that his
Los Angeles, Oct 13. The Los
Angeles and Independence railroad
is now completed to Pico and Jeffer
son streets in the outskirts of the
The wine making season bas fairly
begun. Three establishments expect
to make 1,000,000 galloDS of wine.
The grape crop is large and Coming
in freely. Two hundred men will
be employed in grape crushing be
fore the close of the seasen.
CmcAGo.Oct. 13. President Grant
and party arrived here yesterday,
and left for Washington this after
noon. Boston, Oct. 13. Hon. Charles G.
Davis was nominated for Congress
to-day by the fi?st Congressional
district Democratic convention at
Middleboro. The executive commit
tee of the Democratic party of Mas
sachusetts decided to-day to place
the name of John Qnincy Adams on
the ticket as candidate for Lieutenant
Governor, vice General Bsrtlett, de
clined. Salem, Oct. 14. George B. Ilelm,
whom Ben Holladay grossly insulted
at Albany on the completion of the
railroad, met Holladay on the fair
grounds to-day, announced his name
and returned the insult by
llolladav a dirty
dog, an infamous
coward and other approbrious epi
thets, and Holladay, in the presence
of a large crowd of bystanders, walk
Memphis, Oct. 14. A committee,
composed eoually of white and col
ored citizens of Corhama county,
Miss., have issued a circular invok
ing the efforts of all good citizens of
the country in behalf of peace and to
protect private property of people
from tho incendiary's torch. It
charges colored Sheriff Brown with
having sought to arouse, the colored
people to lawless acts by declaring
to them, in his harangues, that while
the ain houses arc the proierty of
the whites, the torch is the remedy
for grievances in tho hands of the
colored men. It appears that Col.
Stovali's steam gin house was burned
by incendiaries a few weeks ago. On
the night of the 10th inst. his stable
and thirteen mules were burned, and
an attempt made to burn his dwell
ing. The circular urges well dispos
ed citizens to organize for common
protection against incendiaries, and
nightly patrol the plantations. It is
signed by nine colored men, and
among the signatures of white men
are the names of U. S. Senator Alcorn
and Kev. It. 11. White
Washington, Oct. 14. Although
this Government repeatedly and em
phatically expressed its desire to the
Spanish Government for the termin
ation of tho insurrection in Cuba,
and tendered its good offices to pro
duce an accommodation between the
contending parties, it has never gone
to the extent of the late transatlantic
story by diplomatically threatening
to acknowledge the rights of Cubans
in case hostilities were not closed by
the first of January next.
llailway mail service has been or
dered from Los Angeles to Anaheim,
in California, on the Southern Pacific
railroad, 21 miles, to commence Oct.
10th: also, from San Fernando to
San Bernardino on the same road, 81
miles, to commence Octobor 16th.
New Orleans, Oct. 15. The Lieut.
Governor has issued a proclamation
calling on a lawless band in the par
ish of East Felicianna to disperse.
Chicago, Oct. 15. A Washington
special says among the important
oue-stions bound to occupy a consid
erable share of the attention of the
tives, is the status
New York. Oct
15. Moses S.
Ilerman & Co., of 22 Walker street,
the principal member of which is a
brother of A. S. Herman, who recent
ly went into bankruptcy, have also
failed. The firm's liabilities are
placed at $200,000, and tho assets at
.$95,000, $50,000 being stock and $45
000 bills receivable.
Harris Itothstein, a hatter, has
failed, and made an assignment of
his property for the benefit of his
creditors. Liabilities, $37,0G0 58;
Washington, Oct. 15. The TJ. S.
steamer Tuscarora, now at San Fran
cisco, will sail about the 1st of No
vember and cruise among various
groups of islands in the Pacific ocean
for the purpose of taking soundings
to ascertain the most advantageous
route for a cable in those waters.
P. W. E. Creary. of Michigan, has
been promoted from assistant to
postmaster of the Senate, and C. C.
Jones, of Minnesota, has been ap
pointed assistant postmaster.
The President arrived this morn
ing and the regular Cabinet session
was held at 12 o'clock. There were
present Secretaries Bristow and Belk
nap, Attorney-General Pierrepont,
Postmaster-General Jewell, Assistant
Secretary Cad walader, who represents
the State department, and Assistant
Secretary Cowan the Interior depart
ment Columbus, Oct. 16 J. G. Thomp
son, chairman of the Democratic
State committee, in reply to a card
of the Republican committee, says
he was charged with falsification
when he asserted that the Democratic
vote was 20,000 more than was ever
cast for any Governor of Ohio. Their
defeat was caused by a lavish expen-.
diture of money, fraudulent votes
and the introduction of the public
school question by the Bepublican
San Fkancisco, Oct. 15. Billy
Carr has been heard from. He is at
Coos Bay, Oregon, and will be home
next Monday, ready to appear before
the Pinneyourt of inquiry.
William Cullen Bryant, the poet
and editor of the New York Evening
Post, an original Republican, warmly
advocates the election of the Demo
The Radicals and Resumption.
One thing is morally certain that
it is easier for a camel to pass through
a needle's eye than for the Radical
party either to solve the financial
question or to bring us back to spe
cie payments. Speaker Blaine, or
Credit-Mobilier Dawes, or the emi
nent chairman of the Senate Finance
Committee, Senator Sherman, who
invite Hard-Money men to give them
and their party a longer lease of pow
er on the promise of bringing us back
to specie payments, should talie a
fair review of their own achievements
while possessing uuhindered power,
from 1809 to 1874, up to the time
when the present Secretary went into
What was done by these leaders
and their two Secretaries of the
Treasury, Boutwell and Richardson,
toward specie payments The fol
lowing money paid in taxes was
wrung from the people during those
five years of Grant's Administration:
18150-70 Net revenue receipts ?)oIiV)0,8W
1870-71 Net revenue receipts o7-tt43l,HM
1871-72 Net revenue receipts 3iii,o4,zr.i
1S72-73 Net revenue receipts 322, 177,73
1873-74 Net revenue receipts 2! (9,941, (KM)
The payments of interest on the
national debt and of pensions amount
ed during the five years in question
to the following sums:
18(19-70 Interest on debt
1870-71 Interest on debt
1870- 71 Pensions
1871- 72 Interest on debt
1871- 72 Pensions
1872- 73 Interest on debt
1872- 73 Pensions ".
1873- 71 Interest on debt.....
1873-74 Pensions ,
Total $733,755,748 63
Thus.then, the gross receipts
for the live yea re were $1,007,203,929 00
Deduct interest and pensions 733,755,748 03
Net receipts $933.41S,1S9 37
Now here was nearly a thousand
millions of dollars over and above
the needed interest and pensions, to
be disposed of in five years. If we
take the immediate five years next
proceeding the war as a basis of Gov
ernment expenditure for war, navy,
Indians and miscellaneous in fact,
for all purposes except interest on
debt and pensions, the result is as
lS5fr,r)7 503,137,497 45
18.57-58 09,458,013 20
1858-59 02,490,077 00
lS59-() 51,711,831 45
1800-01 57,517,298 7o
Total in five j-ears $307,451,318 51
If we deduct this amount from the
8933,448,180 37 that the Blaines,
Daweses, Boutwells, Richardsons
and Shermans expended in the five
vears from 1809 to 1874, we find they
had .$025,990,801 80 more than their
predecessors in 1S50-61. Now ou
page 24 of the Secretary of the Treas
ury's report for 1874 we are advised
that the whole principal of redeemed
bonds from 18o"9 to July, 1874, was
$182,241,750. With this exhibit before
us of the immense amount of taxes
squeezed out of the people and fruit
lessly squandered, what possible
confidence can bo placed in the Re
publican party's intention or capac
ity to bring us back to specie pay
ments when, now, we are 2oor anl
cannot any longer be squeezed as we
have been in the past ? Can the
country any longer confide the ad
ministration of the national finances
to such incompetent spendthrifts?
N. Y. World.
Common Sense Ventilation.
The best practical statement I have
met about ventilation, says Colonel
Waring in the last Atlantic, was con
tained in the remark of a mining
engineer in Pennsylvania: "Air is
like a rope; you can pull it better
than you can push it. All mechan
ical appliances for pushing air into a
room or a house are disappointing.
What we need to do. is to pull out
the vitiated air already in the room;
the fresh supply will take care of
itself if means for its admission are
. . 1i !11 1 A.1
It lias Deen usual to wnuuraw me
: o.. :i
air tlirougu openings near lue ceil
ing; that is, to carry off the warmer
and therefore lighter portions, leav
ing the colder strata at the bottom of
the room, with their gradual accu
mulation of cooled carbonic acid
undisturbed. Much the better plan
would be to draw this lower air out
from a point near the floor, allowing
the upper and warmer portions to
descend and take its place.
An onen lire, with a large chimney
throat, is the best ventilation for any
room; the one-half or two-thirds of
the heat carried up the chimney is
the prico paid for immunity Irom
disease, and large tuougu tins seems
from its dailr draft on the wood-pile
or coal-bin, it is trifling when com
pared with doctors' bills and with
the loss of strength and efficiency
that invariably result from living in
How to Get Money foe the Gov
ernment. A cable dispatch contains
on excellent hint for our trafic ma
kers. The returns from Great Brit
ain for the last halt year snow an
increase of r.cJo,uuu sterling as
compared with those of the corres
ponding period of the year 1874
When it is remembered that this
later period must have been one of
serious depression in the British for
eign trade, in consequence partly of
of the industrial and trade depres
sion of other countries, particularly
the United States, tins result is not
only remarkable but a well-nigh con-
i : .ir .
ciusivw ueieuee ui a tarin wnicn is
imposed on only twenty-two articles
of importation, from seven of which
most of the revenue is collected.
Our legislators, by reference to the
Revised Statutes of 1875, will find
that our nonsensical tariff affects
almost sixteen hundred articles, on
macy of which is served as an actual
prohibition. Where has been tha
Women's Centennial Roard for
The women's centennial board of
Oregon met in the committee room
of the State Agricultural Society on
Wednesday afternoon, the 13th inst.
The meeting being called to order,
Mrs. A. J. Duniway in the chair,
Mrs. Victor was appointed secretary,
and the business of the meeting taken
up. Committees were -appointed for
the several counties in the following
order: Mrs. Laughery, of Yamhill;
Mrs. E. L. Sanborne, of Clackamas;
Mr. M. M. Blaine, of Linn; Mrs.
Lottio Ream, of Lane; Mrs. Major
Brooks, of Benton; Miss Ellen Scott,
of Washington; Mrs. E. Wilson, of
Wasco; Miss Mary Rodney, of Mult
nomah; Mrs. A. F. Watson, of Doug
las; Mrs. Inez E. Parker, of Clatsop;
Mrs. Conyers, of Columbia; Mrs. N.
Y. Johnson, of Coos; Curry, to bo
supplied; Mrs. B. F. Dowell, of
Jackson; Mrs. Ivan D. Applegate, of
Lake; Mrs. F. McComas, of Union;
Grant, to be supplied; Mrs. E. A.
Corwin, of Tillamook; Mrs. S. A.
Clark, of Marion.
Mrs. Laughery offered the follow
Resolved, That the members of the
Ladies State Centennial Board of
Oregon be instructed to call meet
ings in their several counties, and
appoint sub-committees to more ef
fectually carry forward the object
that this board has in view to pre
sent to the world the productions
and arts of Oregon, as well as anti
quities and to make reports of pro
gress. Mrs. Laughery and Mr. Dufur ad
dressed the meeting in appropriate
remarks, after which it was voted to
adjourned until 2 p. m. Thursday.
Salem, Oct. 14, 1875.
The adjourned meeting of the wo
men's centennial board of Oregon
met to-day at 2:30 p. m. After read
ing of minutes of previous meeting,
Mrs. Duniway being in the chair,
made some suggestions to the ladies
present as to the manner of distrib
uting the work of the committee in
gathering up such articles as it would
be desirable to send to the great Cen
tennial exhibition. Mr. Dufur fol
lowed with further suggestions on
the same subject.
The meeting resolved itself into a
committee of the whole, a proposi
tion was made by Mrs. S. A. Clarke
to have the ladies, present to state
what articles they had to present.
Some contributions were offered and
many more conditionally proposed.
Mr. Dufur laid considerable stress
upon the preservation of the natural
flowers, grasses, Sec.
Mrs. La-aghery gave a plan for
working in her county byvwriting an
appeal to the ladies of her county,
and publishing it in the county pa
per, asking them to
central point and fix
and amount of work
meet at some
upon the kind
to be done by
the sub-committee of Yamhill.
Mrs. Bruce recommended that this
plan should be followed be the com
mittees of all the other counties.
The meeting approved the sugges
tion. Mr. Dufur then reminded the com
mittees to instruct contributors that
all articles may be sent to his office
in Portland free of charge on all the
railroad and steamship lines, where
they will be registered and receipted
for and duly returned to the owners
after having been sent to the exhi
bition. Mrs. Laughery offered the follow
Resolved, lhat the several papers
throughout the State be requested to
publish these minutes and lend their
influence in aid of the work of this
The meeting then voted to adjourn
Truth is Mighty.
A Nevada paper relates this anec
dote of a conflict of imaginations:
He was a sad-eyed, meek-faced
man, and we supposed lie merely
wished to give us a news item, but
when he commenced telling us about
building a barn on his ranch 190 by
280 feet, seven stones high, and or
namenteii witu oay windows, we
thought it was time to check him.
and so we commenced:
"Well, we must admit that this is
a pretty large barn for this country,
but back in the States our father
built a barn 325 by 500 feet, nine
stories high, and furnished with
steam elevators; the "
"Back in the States," interrupted
our listener. "Why that wasn t
much of a barn for the States. I re
member, now, that when I was quite
young my father built a chicken coop
550x832 feet. I don't recollect how
many stories high it was, but I know
that there was a cupola on it for the
"About how high was the cupola?
"1 don t remember the exactheiht
now, mister," was the reply, "but I
know that it was so high that the
fourteen upper tiers of roosters died
from the effects of the light atmos
pnere rue nrst night.
lfien lie looked up toward the
imiiy una commenced Humming a
hymn, and we went and sat down on
the wood pile and wondered why
somebody was always out-stripping
us in tne race of life.
The following we clip from a New
President Grant has received an
invitation to visit San Francisco. If
he accepts it he should by all means
extend his visit to Oregon, where he
would find old friend3 who would
undoubtedly give him most cordial
recention. Besides, the jresiaeut,
lib TleiflTin npfifls recreation and
recuperation after the close and con
fining attention to his official duties
which has specially distinguished his
administration of the office no noias..
Ton Moltke on West Point.
ThellfBson Why our Civil War Failed
to Produce a Uistinguishea General.
IiOndoi Correspondence of the Capitol
Shortly after our arrival in London
we encountered a distinguished gen
tleman on his way to the continent,
armed with letters of introduction,
and among the rest one to Von
Moltke. Wishing to know whether
the famorts General had realJr said
what bad been attributed to him
" that evolutions of armed mobs had
no interest to him from a militarr
point of view," we asked our friend,
if the opportunity occurred, to fetch
up the subject and give us the result
of the interview. Our friend's letter
is now before ns, and it is gratifying
to know that the views we expressed
ten years since, from actual observa
tion, are those of this great captain.
Our friend writes:
"I brought up the subject, and
the old hero expressed himself very
frankly. He said:
' ' I was asked why neither side
in the civil war in America produced
a very distinguished general. Even
their respective partisans hardly
claim any leader of transcendent
genius. In so long a war, and where
so many men fought, doe it not im
ply a lack of military talent in Amer
icans 1 answer, no. The true rea
son was because their field of selec
tion was so limited. No officer could
hope to obtain the supreme com
mand of their armies unless he hatl
been a student at their military
academy, called West Point, on the
Hudson River, in the State of New
York. The number of these stu
dents, deserving as they Blight be,
was and is extremely limited. The
Southerners adopted the pernicious
system of exclnsivenessas many of
these Av est Point oflicers had joined
their side, and their President had
also been at the academy. It was
perhaps, fortunate for the North thai
the South did not seek for talent
among the mass of the people. It is
evident that the chance f obtaining
a distinguished general increases as
the field of selection widens, and di
minishes as it .contracts. In our
army every soldier may aspire to the
supreme command, but in the Amer
ican armes the line of demarcation
was drawn as deeply as between the
former slaves and their masters. The
volunteer, who represented the great
bulk and strength of the people,
might, indeed, attain distinction in a
subordinate position, but the highest
place of all was forbidden. In read
ing the records ef the American civil
war it really appears as if the whole
contest was between a few officers of
West Point, and the mighty heart of
the nation never throbbed, This
aristocratic system, which the Amer
icans still follow, was formerly the
practice in all European armies. In
the revolution of 1793 Carnot. the
French Minister of War abandoned
it, and we have followed. For the
the sake of example, and not binding
ourselves to any exactness of figures,
except that the one is very small, and
its opposite, with which it is com
pared, very large, let us suppose the
number of West Point officers to be
500 and the number of Prussian sol
diers 500,000. Evidently, as we have
a fund a thousand times larger to
draw upon, to render the chances of
obtaining a great general equal, each
American must possess a thousand
fold the talent of a Prussian, which
" But," I said to him, " do yon
not regard tho South as having the
advantage in this respect?"
" ' Not at all, he responded: 'the
leaders of that section did not seem
to comprehend the situation. Their
advantage was the excess of military
spirit; their disadvantage, the lack
of resources and the prestige of an
established government. Their
blows, therefore, should have been
swift, sudden and aggressive. On
the contrary, they acted on the de
fensive, thereby giving the Govern
ment of the United States full time
to develop its immense resources.
Every day the North had its oppor
tunity to grow stronger, while the
South weakened. On the other hand
the Northern leaders, instead of us
ing the advantage tendered them, by
creating armies and calling to the
front the military genius of the coun
try, exhausted themselves by throw
ing armed mobs into the field, so
badly disciplined and drilled that
their battles were fought by regi
ments and separate brigades. The
one great axiom which directs
the concentration of a heavy forco
against the weaker point of the ene
my, that the side of the Government
had in its power to illustrate, was
neglected and lost. Four years of a
depressive war exhausted the South,
without in any way contributing to
the military renown of the success
ful side.' "
A number of hotel keepers in Chi-
. -ti l r
cago who have ocen swmuieu ir-
quently now require travelers to pay
in advance. They say a man who
intends to pay for his accommoda
tions cannot object to tue arrange
ment. One traveler, not appreciat
ing the change in affairs, was ques
tioned by a clerk, who said: "You
will not object to paying Deiore you
SO tO yuur room, on: vvi iniuiji
fc . ia1 I'll 7 J fl Tl 1
not; maKe oni ine um. x ur uow
long, sir? " Well, said the stran
ger'" you may charge me for about
ten minutes, on tne European pian.
By the end of that time I think I
shall be at a hotel where the clerks
wear smaller diamonds and have
more confidence in human nature.
It is coming election time, when
the weary, waiting wife sits before
the smouldering fire at 1 o'clock in
the morning, and sobs and thinks of
the sunny days of her childhood, and
chalks the handle of the poker as
soon as she hears the click of her
i husband's nightkey.