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DEVOTED TO POLITICS, NEWS, LITERATURE, AND THE BEST INTERESTS OF OREGON.
OREGON CITY, OREGON, FRIDAY, AUGUST G, 1875.
f?ri ft -v 1
i ' jff fill I i ev a. 1 4?r? ' ' UA'? s. v f 'N ft, i -s. v r-v a !
LOCAL DEMOCRATIC NEWSPAPER
F O jit THE
Farmer, fii.sia?sJMan, i Family Circle.
ISSUED E-VEKY FRIDAY.
KDITOR AND PUBLISHER.
OFFICIAL PAPET. FOS CLACKAMAS CO.
OFFICE" In KxTKRPBtsE Bullying; one
4oor south of Ma nic Building. Main St.
Term of SuIicriptioii
Kindle Copy Oni Year, In Advance.
Tertu of ArtTertlslnjft
all lo-jal notions
s marj ot twelve
lins one w.;;
................... ......v .."-'
For each tin us "u
it insertion.- 1.0)
One Coin tun. on
B'lsiiiss Card, 1
ar one year 12.00
SOCIETY NO VICES.
j)KIJ(;i)X LOJt!i: NO. 3, I. I. o.
Meets every Thursday
evening at 7 ' o'clock, in tlio
O i l Fellows' J Tall. Main
street. M mho- rs of the Or
der are invito! to attend. I'.v order
hi:i:lc.v iiu;ui:i: lodku no.
I. O. O. 1, M-ets on the
Smn l an. I Fourth Tues
day Bveniii.1 each laonth.
at 7 ' oVI.ilv, in tne U.iu
Follow i' II ill. M;v.ahersof tho D
are invito! t i attend.
.MULTXOMAII LOOKS' NO. I,
t A. M., Ilol.is it regular efini-
iiuiiui-.Uions on t!u rir.-t ami -V?
t!u ! irst ami
r.l S itnrilivs in eaoh month.
at 7 o'clock (Voiji theOtii o('S.)i).
te!iili.r t.ithc HJtii of March; ami 7'i
'.lock from the ')!h of March to the.
of S jjitemher. Ihethren in kou
btaii'ini ' :uo iiiviitM 10 aliens.
15 oivler of
I'Wi.j.s i:u i:n:xr no. 1,1.0
. 1. M .et
at O hi
Hall .nt:i I
i'.--;t Mi. I l iiirii i m-s
el iv of e i'?Ii m mth.
in ': I .-tan -li:j.j .ire
i'lvited to atteiul.
n c .V .v ; s s v a n it .?.
N suit a CON,
O 11 R H () A
r T Y. O 11 ICCi O A".
'.-lirs i:i Chrvr:
it t. Charman's Store,
I! "-i.l ri.; '
, t-.v d:or above li.
v'aail .-Id's s:.r .
. :!-:. n. .so ci ir ;oa ( -xc -pt iJi-'n-
ni il-' :in i "I'-ri .t.cil '( caa m id! -.vit!-o
i: s.-.-i il .: 1 rs :r :a IU . IVasioa liar.'au
W.lS.lill '"oil. 1).
D E ?i T 1
o:iv:cit) city, oitncox.
iii-i n! ?..'
i:rico paM fir CounJy
s. ii t: it ATi
prOVFlVn rhiiriiiin's brick. Main st.
J O : J il 3 O i!3 &KlcCOW N
ATTORNEYS AND- COUNSELORS AT-LAW.
Ora?on City, Croon.
BVill practice in all tho Courts of the
Ktat". S;.oial attiiiuoa civen to cases in
the V. S. Land O.H2 at or.-joa City.
L. T. 13 A n I IST
OREGON Cnk : : OREGON.
r -OFFICE Over
's Tin Store, Main
01E33?J CITY BREWERY.
Ilonry lluii bel,
- xivivc TM-itrn vs. fe
11 a t;.. .ilmt-fi'llMiir. -iSuiaifci
erv .ah"S to tnio'
m th" public thai it--.a
no.r proparod to m
inutacture a o. 1 qual-
J. A O
i 11 S BUR,
a pood as can
obtained nnywhere In
the state. Ora.-r
solicited and promptly
. 11. IlIUUFIEM).
Kitabll.lirtl since 49, at the oltl stand.
Main Slr.Tt, Orgoa City, Oregon.
An assortment of athos. Jewel-
ry.'ind ?s tn l iioinas- eiKimiocks
nil rt M-iiicli :ire warranted to bi n
it 'pairin.i don) on short notice, and
thankful for past patronage.
JOHN 31. KACON,
IMrOUTEU AND DEAT.EU
In Hooks, -Stationery, IVrfu'ii
ry, rtc, etc.
Orc-jon City, Orfjon
tVAt the Tost
O.fl:', Main street, cast
ALFRED KINNEY, M. D.,
HAS HEXOVEI) HIS OFFICE AND
Residence to the double house,
'rtirr A liter and East Park
tr ot, Portland. Oregon, where be can b
lound at all hours, day and night.
- " lST-i an'J
Hit Him Again.
Is It a Crime to be a Ceruian.
lb J. 31. Edmunds, Eq., Chairman of
the Xnt'ioaal Republican Committee,
Washington, D. C.
Dear Sir: Having b2en a Repub
lican ever since the present Republi
can party ivas formed, nud having
never voted any other Federal ticket
thau the Republican. I claim the right
to call your attention to a matter
which lies within the controll of your
Committee, and which threatens to
injure the Republican party by ul
ienatng from it a largo mass of its
I have been so unfortunate as to
displease the central and chief organ
of the Republican party the "Wash
ington National Republican by some
letters in the New York Herald con
taining the results of investigations
into the political and industrial con
ditions of several Southern States;
aud your organ accordingly informs
its readers, in an editorial article,
which has just come into my hands,
that I ought not to be beleived not
because I have misstated facts, oram
an inaccurate or incapable observer,
but on the gronnd that I am a
"Dutch Jew'," "Dutch" standing of
course for German.. I have noticed
that ignorant Americans commonly
call the Germans "Dutch."
Now, if I were, in the organs ele
gant phrase, .V'Dutch Jew," I don't
see what that has to do with the cred
ibility of my statements. I am, in
fact, a German, and am proud of ray
de-scent from a people who have been
the faithful supporters of liberty on
two continents. I am not a Jew, but
if I were, I should not be ashamed of
it; for the Jews in this country are
intelligent, industrious and peacea
ble body of citizens.
But the organ thinks differently.
Speaking in the name of the Rep
ublican Administration, whose
mouth-petco it is, it has t lie folly to
assert that if a man be German by
blood, he is therefore) not to be be
leived; if he is a Jew by religion, he
is thereby nnwoithv of confidence.
Is tliis really Republican doctrine?
If not, is it prudent in you to allow
your organ to oiler such a wanton in
sult to a very large number of citi
zens, Germans mid .Tews, who most
ly vote the Republican ticket, and
whose votes next year will be abso
lutely iudispensiblo to the success of
Yon o;ight to muzzle your dog, the
l Uioiin Jitpubti'-an. A recent and
notorious overdose of government
pap has given him a lit of indigestion.
uiii he is snapping at the heels of
your memis. It von let him go on
he will presently do the party a dam
e are to have important elections
tlii Fall: and next vear there will be
i Presidential election. Have von
forgotten this? Is it not an insane
folly to let your ollieial organ, un
der your very nose .tlinga gratuitous
insult in the faces of several hundred
thousand German and Jewish voters,
and this in the name of the Republi
can party, and as presumably an ofli
eial declaration of the sent ments of
the party chiefs? Do you really want
to drive these voters away from the
Republican ranks? Or do you imag
ine they have no self-respect or re
sentment? And have you no fear that
the Democrats will use such declar
ations, made in your chief organ,
against the party next year? Or even
in Ohio and Pennsylvania this year?
The Republican party should have
a respectable organ in Washington.
If j'on can not get rid of the National
Republican you ought at least to
chancre its name. You might call it
the National Idiot. I make you the
suggestion as a sincere and earnest
Republican. Yours truly,
Atlanta Ga., June 28, 1S75.
Talkixo Like Mamma. "Jack!"
screamed a bright-eyed, golden
haired, fair-faced little girl, of not
more than six summers to her young
er brother, who had dumped himself
under the wall, where lie was dig
giug sand with a strip of shingle;
"Jack!" you good-for-nothing little
scamp, you are tho torment of my
life! Come right into the house tin's
minute, or I'll take the very hide off
of you! Dome in. I say!
"Why, Totty," exclaimed her fa
ther, i ho chanced to come up that
moment, "what in the world are 3011
saying? Is that the way you talk to
3'our little brother?"
"Oh no, pappa," answered the
child promptly, with an iunoeent
smile. "We was playing keep house
and I am Jack's mamma, and I was
talking to him just as mamma talked
to me this morning. I never really
spank him, as mamma does me some
times." Mr. Secretary Belknap sports the
most showy turnout in Washington.
Secor Robeson drives another of the
same sort, aud has his coachman and
footman in liveries that would as
tonish the English; and now it turns
out that both these high officials
maintain their family equipages after
the manner of the late Attorney-General
! Will iams. Will Mr. Secretary
lielknap tell us where ho gets au
thority for keeping a familv turnout
at the people's expense, and making
coachmen, and footmen, and even
house servants of the men who are
down on the rolls of the War De
partment as messengers and labor
ers? It was an illustrious statesman
John Andrew Jackson Creswell, we
believe who first set the example of
making cooks, waiters and coachmen
of men who were down on the Post
Office roll as messengers, and paid
as such. SS.l.Sun.
Six Sioux girls stand in a row on
the- smiling pi"tistir! call in mourn
ful roues: "General Castar, Oh! tou
sneaking" white rdrrn!"
-,--3r -Tr IK -
The Tariff Imposition.
From the San Francisco Examiner.
Mr. Irwin is very firmlv rr;"
upon that plank of the Democratic
iiuuuuuues ior a
revenue tariff. His exposition of the
evils of the existing "ntntfciivo"
tarill is equal to any thing we have
seen on the subject, and it
.i i - " r'u"
me arguments in iavor of frey trade1.
m compact ami cogent form. This
question of the tariff is looming up
into great prominence, and ere long
the people everywhere will begin to
understand it as they have never yet
understood. V"e have been struck
with a ' remark of the Financier, in
discussing this very question, that
the people of the United States do
not really understand their own gov
ernmentthat haviug never studied
it, having scarcely watched it having
put a thoughtless confidence in it,
they have gradually abused and per
verted it until it is undergoing se
vere and unprecedented strains.
That this is so is already slowly be
coming understood, and tho result
will be tho compulsory attention to
the subject of government which
must precede, and which alone can
effect, any real political reform. The
intermediate steps, the time and the
cost of effecting this, there is no
haste in conjectui ing. The question
of free-trade is most closely allied to
governmental reform; in fact, the
first is a part of the other, for a vital
principle underlies both. And as
there are abundant indications that
the question is already before the
country, to stay so until settled, and
that tho old contest is to be waged
over, although under new ciren in
stances and with more rational meth
ods than formerly, it is well to re
cognize at the outset the great im
portance of the question, and the re
lation to it of the opposing political
The Radical party is responsible
for and upholds the tariff. The Dem
ocratic party opposes it find de
mands a reform approximating to
entire freedom of trade. One of the
severest charges upon which the
domitant party is arraigned before
the people is that has fastened upon
them a high protective tariff, the du
ties of which average lifty per cent.
ad valorem. In 1872 ten per cent,
was taken off by Congress, lint dur
ing the last session it was reinstated
by a strict party vote. A reasonable
tariff for revenue is necessary in or
der to support the Government, but
is the tariff for "protection" that
is dessicating the life-blood of the
country, paralyzing the industry it
pretends to protect, snapping euergy
discouraging enterprise, destroying
our agricultural interests, and re-'
dncing thousands of our artisans
and laborers to indigence.
There are more persons engaged
in agricultural pursuits in the Unit
ed States than in all other occupa
tions, yet the great farming sections
of the South and West are made ser
vants of the manufacturing sections
of tne East. Year by year the earn
ings of tho farmer are ground out of
him by tho operation of unjust and
unequal taxation, and instead of
being used to defray the expenses of
the Government are paid over to cot
ton and iron ard other manufactures
in New England and Pennsylvania.
Under the tarill laws more than two
thousand articles are taxed as im
ports. The tax falls upon every ar
ticle of utility, of comfort, of luxury
and of necessity. Nothing escape's
the omnivorous maw of the Radical
tariff. The increased cost to the
people of all the articles affected by
the tariff is estimatated at upwards
of live hundred millions of dollars
annually. Of this amount the Gov
ernment has never received as much
as one-half, tho most of it going di
rectly from the pockets of the labor
ing massess to the coffers of the cot
ton lords of Massachusetts and
iron monarchs of Pennsylvania.
The operation of the tariff law is
ruinous unjust and discriminative
Eastern manufactures receive the
raw materials in cotton or iron and
convert them into manufactured ar
tides. Not only is no tax put ujon
them, but the Government has lur
nished a protective tariff which ena
bles them to exercise a monopoly
over the West and South and pre
vfnt comnetitou from abroad. But
while New England demands this
protection, she also demands and re
eeives free trade for the benefit of
her niscicultural interests. At the
very time when the beef-packers and
nork-nackers and butter-makers of
tho West are paving a tax of over
one hundred per cent, on each dol
lar's worth of salt used by them, the
fishermen of New England receive
their salt at the C istom House free
of duty, and do not paj-one cent of
tax. The Government does not even
make its salt out of the New Eng
land codfish aristocracy. Iy the op
peration of this tariff system twenty
nine agricultural and commercial
States embracing more than three
fourths of the wealth and population
of the Union, whose interests are op-
nosed to the system, are com pel lei
tO T1.1V tribute to eight manufactur
ing States, comprising less than one
nuarterof the national wealth and
1101 dilation. We believe the people
are tired of this exorbitant tariff,
and will hold the party in power to
a strict accountability for the wrongs
that have been perpetrated in its
name. In California this year we
elect Congressmen who are
nnn.1 on this issue, and who will do
their utmost to adjust the tariff on a
revenue basis, removing all those
features which oppress the people
and rob them of the chief part of the
fruits of their industry
' An Illinois wOtriari; who wanted to
rhirrrde part: as-' Mary,
Qrteen of Scotrs, lobket! thWugh' the"
Bible to ascertain how the i?hftrtc'ter
Northern Iowa amusements a
sample from the Sioux City Journal;
That was a cold joke the girls at the
Depot Hotel played on a young man
the other night, lhey nuea ins pillow-slip
with snow. j
"How does your brother get on in
-v- v..i. t,.ji o . n
lanier: ; eij-; vej.l
indeed, ma'am, thank you. He's
only there three months," and he's
already beginning to speak the lan
guage beautiful." : ; L, :' ' -
"From what you ! know W ' him,
would you believo-him un3er: oath?"
"That depends upon circumstances.
If he was so much intoxicated that
he did not know what he was saying,
I would; if not, I wouldn't."
A Texas obituary: Another one of
our friends has been taken away from
us and has passed away for ever.
Young Patterson, of the familiar
name of "Charlie," has gone to his
long home tightly bound in the grip
Said she: "How long are yon go
ing to stand before that glass?" Said
he: "Until I see how my ulster
hangs. But that's just the way; a
woman never takes any interest in
her husband's dress after she's been
married a year."
"For two months," despairingly
said Solomon Burch, of the State
Journal, "for two months I have
been trying to find out about this
Pacific male! Whoever he is, he has
made a heap o' fuss and got numer
ous people into trouble."
Tom Thumb lately advertised him
self in a new way in Pittsburgh by
engaging a well known champion in
a public game of billiards at a hotel.
The miniature General is said to be
a very good player, having a tenden
cy to "pocket himself."
Young Mr. Sauermilch, of Penn
sylvania, is an applicant for a cadet
ship at West Point. It is melancholy
to reflect that though he should de
velope the military genius of a Han
nibal, he can never represent the
cream of the army.
School Inspector, to urchin "Now
Johnny, how many can you count?"
Johnny "One, two, three, four, five,
six, seven, eight, nine, ten. In
spector "Good, Johnny; go on."
Johnny, after a moment's thought
"Jack, queen, king, ace.'
A lady semis us
sends us some lines com-
"A Lircl is singing; in my heart,
And asks that the' be published. If
she takes our advice she will ring
that bird's neck, cook it and serve it
up on toast for some sick friend.
Several passengers on the lower
Mississippi were attracted by the al
ligators basking in the sunshine.
"Are they amphibious. Captain?"
isked a looker on. "Amphibious,
thunder!" answered the enthusiastic
officer, "they'll eat a hog a minute
The New York Commercial Adver
tiser notes the fact that a Mrs. bine,
of New Jersey, is living with her
fourth husband, and says that "the
other three must have gono off on a
tangent." That may account for the
first and third, but not for tho se
A Boston dramatic critic says of a
gifted actress: She wore a handsome
dress, and thereby hung a trail.
Her subtile grace, flexible as the sin
uosities of a morniug's mist, and
yet thoroughly proportioned to the
curves of the character, were most
A young man in New York recently
p-cked up an envelope containing
70,000 worth of bonds, which he
returned to their owners, a firm of
bankers. The latter had just had
their circulars printed.offeringSl.000
reward for the missing bonds, but
promptly cut down the reward to
Among the peasantry in Russia
the bride always presents a whip to
tho" bridegroom. It is hung at the
foot of the bed, and not nnfrequently
used. Unfortunately, in the case of
small men with big wives, the wrong
person sometimes applies the whip.
There is no custom in the world,
young men, which can be a comfort
to all of you. s
An Irish soldier, pretending to
dumbness, and: the surgeon of the
regiment, after several attempts to
restore him, declaring him incurable,
was discharged. He, in a short time
afterward, enlisted in another corps,
and, being recognized by his old
comrade, and questioned how he
learned to speak, "By Patrick," re
plied Paddy, "ten guineas would
make any man spake."
A Buckeye -journalist, dissatisled
with the present stock of words in
the English dictionary, has t.ikeu
occasion to add another to our already
copious language. "Pressgrams" is
what he calls his thefts from other
papers. The derivation of the mon
strosity is unmistakable, but whether
it has enough in it to commend it to
general use remains to be "seen. '
It is old, but good. Iu early days,
say ISoO, Lieutenant Derby, United
States army, familiarly known as
"Phcenix." took passage for San Di
ego. Derby, advancing to Captain
Bob Haley, asked the price of pass
age, to which the answer came "Sixty-five
dollars." Derby Captain
Haley, what's the freight on lumber?
(which was worth $100 per thousand
feet.) Captain Fifty dollars per
thousand. Derbv (who was on deck
and a small mad Well, Captain, as
the freight on lumber is- less than
passenger rate, measure rhe, for I'm
aboard. - - -"
Since the tornado, Detroit women
make a bee-line for home the moment
the sun goes behind a cloud. - -
COURTESY OF BANCROFT LIBRARY,
UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA,
The Tariff System.
From the S. F. Examiner. ,
The topic of the tariff is thought
by those who do not concern them
selves with it to possess no interest
to be dull and dreary, in the details
of its discussion,- and difficult of
comprehension by the common
mind, whereas, in truth and in fact.
it is an interesting and instructive
subject for consideration, aud bv no
means . necessarily abstruse. What
is a tarill? Properly speaking, it is
a schedule of rates, fixed by law, im
posed upon certain articles import d
mto th$ country from- a foreign do
minion. The term "tariff" had its
origin in this wise: There is a town
in Spain, situated in the narrowest
parts of the Straits of Gibraltar, on
the southermost point of the king
dom, which is named Tarifa, in hon
or of a Berber chief, who landed
there from Africa on a rcconnoisance
before the conquest of Spain, by the
Mahometan Moors in the 8th centu
ry. The. Moors occupied part of
Spain until the year of the discov
ery of America, m 1-192, and it was
in the joy of her heart at the fortu
nate conquest to Granada, their last
stronghold, , that Q teen Isabella
pledged her jewels to aid the enter
prise of Columbus. Ilio Moors
built a castle at Tarifa which com
manded the strait, aud during their
domination in Spain compelled all
vessels passing through the strait to
stop and pay duties to them at such
rates ns they dictated; and from this
custom, thus and then originating,
the word "tariff" passed into the En
glish and continental languages. It
has not, ns may be seen a very hon
orable derivation, for these "duties"
were nothing but blackmail levied
on commerce. They were the equiv
alent for no service rendered; the'
conferred no benefits cn anybody
save the robber-recipients of die mo
ney; they were demauded and paid
under compulsion; and they appro
priated jast so much, without re
turn, from the profits of the voj-nges
of the vessels which passed inward
and outward through the Straits.
Though in its inception the tariff
had a low and piratical origin, the
experience of nations has demon
strated the necessity of levying an
external tax for the purpose of reve
nue and incidentally, during the in
fantile stage of manufacturing indus
try in certain countries, of affording
a just measure of encouragement to
the growth of developed industries.
There are two kinds of tariff--re ve
nue and protective the oue is for
the purpose of supplying the money
or revenues necessary for the mainte
nance of government; the other is
imposed with the view of restricting
the importation of foreign goods, in
order to foster the production of sim
ilar articles at home. Any tariff, un
less it be professedly prohibitory,
must be a source of revenue. ' Still,
in a so-called protective tariff, the
direct purpose is not reveuue, but
partial prohibition. In their opera
tion, the two kinds of tariffarc whol
ly antagonistic. A duty imposed for
the sole purpose of protection, in or
der to be effective, necessarily dimin
ishes the importation of the articles
upon which it is placed, thereby di
minishing the revenue derivable
from them. A tariff for revenue
seeks, on the contrary, as its primary
purpose, to it? crease importations
and consequ. ntly augment the pub
lic revenue, its legitimate end, for
it is obvious that the greater the
quantity of importations the larger
the addition to the receipt of cus
toms. The tariff under which we
are now suffering is a prr tective tar
iff, constructed with an eye single to
the protection cf certain native in
dustries bv impairing and prohibit
ing competition from a foreign field
in the same branches. Probably
there is nothing new in these remarks
to our readers; but it is not easy to
invent ideas on this subject. It is
only by dwelling with more or less
frequency, at judicious intervals,
upon the topic of the tariff that"we
can hope finally to reach the reason
and iuapel the popular mind to ac
tion in the direction of reform.
We have said that the tariff, as at
present established, is in the inter
est of certain domestic manufactures
and its benefits confined to a cer
tain small seetion of our country.
The leading interests protected by it
have always been the iron-mongers
of Pennsylvania and the cotton man
ufacturers of' the - New England
States. Every high tariff that we
have had has been dictated and made
by those States,, for the fostering of
their own and exclusive industrial
aggrandizement. They have had the
protection for years of one hundred
per cent, upon their, capital; and
who are they and what are tho inter
ests which have been compelled to
pay tribute in order that this protec
tion miffht be secured? They are
the farmers in the West, extending
even here to California, who are the
greatest consumers of the protected
fabrics. This protection of Eastern
industries has cost our agricultu
rists hundreds of millions of dollars.
We are glad to observe that our peo
ple, particularly the farmers, are be
ginning to understand this question,
whicli i3 really as simple a3 the al
phabet. There is hardly a young
farmer, who has cast his first ballot
who is not opposed to the whole pro
tective tariff policy, and tfbo is not
in favor of as close an approximation
to free-trade as the state of our reve
nues will permit. The Democrats
are a unit against it, and its friends
are to be found entirely in t tie ranks
of the Radical party whose very life
blood is drawn from the veins' of
Monopoly and Proscription.' When
the iniquitous system' of robbing one
section of the country f 6 r the bene
fit of another was first "tlevised it was
Claimed that it was onlya tenipdrary
expedient;' -"that" our rnanufactures
would heddtUt self-supporting,' and
the tariff' reduced to revenue limits.
Half a century has passed and, under
a Radical Administration, we have
the highest tariff that has ever op
pressed us. Still the same cry is
heard in the laud, that our manu
fauturers would bo ruined, if the ex
orbitant duties L:ow prevailing were
lightened. So it Mould be at the
end of another century. Avarice
grows by what it feeds upon, and
the demands of associated wealth in
corporate hands are insatiable. It is
said that if the tariff were repealed
or radically modified the- farmer
would bo injured, because those who
ardngurged, in tho manufacture of
iron, cotton, aud the implements of
industry would all bo driven to the
farm nud the field.' The statement
is fallacious. If we had free trade
the most of our manufacturers would
still make a fair profit; and the com
merce of the country would give em
ployment to hundreds of thousands
of men, who cannot now obtain it on
account of the fact that the oppres
sive duties imposed by the tariff
have made the construction of ships
impossible on equal terms with for
eign naval constructors, and is rap
idly excluding from the ocean the
standard sheet of the Union. And
again, if we had cheap iron, the
country would be developed in every
direction by railroads, inducing an
increase of population, aud creating
and strengthening a home m:irket.
Ninety-nine hundredths of the peo
ple would be benefited by the sub
stitution of a free trade or revenue
tarill' for the present odious and on
erous system. Shall tho ninety-and-nine
be sacrificed that the one may
revel and rot ia luxury and indo-
Itf ore Kadical Frauds.
Prof. Marsh, of Yale College, has
addressed a letter to President Grant
embodying his views on Indian af
fairs, in which he presents certain
Radical officials ijavery unfavorable
light. Ho submits his statement
upon the subject to Grat.t,in person,
declining to give them to the Interior
department alone for the following
First, I have no confidence what
ever in the sincerity of the Secretary
of the Interior, or the Commissioner
of Indian Affairs, when they publicly
announce their wish and determina
tion to correct abuses iu Indian man
agement, because I have reason to
know that they have long been aware
of these abuses anil have made no
sincere effort to reform them.
Seeond, In all my intercourse with
these two officials, their object has
manifestly been to find out not so
-much what the frauds real y were
as the extent of my information con
cerning them, so as to prevent by
every means in their power all r-ub
iieity or exposure of them.
liurd, Evidence now in my pos
session reflects unfavorably on lioth
Secretary Delano and Commissioner
Smith.' For theso reasons I have
thought it best to lay before yon, to
whom in accordance with my prom
ise to Red Cloud I make tho first
communication, the accompanying
statement in detail, in full confidence
that the evidence presented will meet
the consideration it demands.
In the statements which accom
pany the letter to Grant, Professor
Marsh sets forth tho results of his
investigations into t ie affairs of the
Red Cloud agency, the largest and
most important iu the West. These
results clearly indicate both misman
agement and fraud, especially in the
First, The agent, J. J. Saville, is
wholly unfitted for his position, and
guilty of gross frauds upon tho In
dians in his charge.
Second, The number of Indians at
this agency has been systematically
overstated", for purposes which can
only result in fraud.
Third, The last issue of annuity
goods which I witnessed was a sus
picious transaction, and in part . at
Fourth, The beef-cattle given to
the Indians have been very inferior,
owing to systematic frauds practised
by the agents aud beef contractors.
Fifth, The pork issued to the In
dians during my visit was not suita
ble for human fare.
Sixth, The flour was very inferior,
and evidence of fraud in this article
is conclusive.--- -
Seventh, The tobacco I observed
was rotten and of little or no use to
'Eighth, In consequence of fraud
and mismanagement, the Indians suf
fered greatly the past winter for want
of food and clothing.
Niuth, The contract for freight
from Cheyenne to Red Cloud agency
va fraudulent, as .the true distance
is 145 miles, while. the contractor
was paid for 212 miles.
I would especially call attention to
the evidence of fraud in beef-cattle,
as presented in the accompanying
statement. This subject I investi
gated with great care, as beef is the
principal article of food of the Sioux
Indians, and the frauds I observed
caused great suffering among them,
as well as great pecuniary loss to the
The Detroit Free Press is n wicked
paper. " It says: The philanthropists
subscribe liberally to. the fund tor
a ten-acre idiotic 'asylum in Califor
nia. The solicitor goes up to a phil
anthropist and savs. "How do you
do, my good man?"". 'Then he reads
the California Independent platform
to him, and, the philanthropist with
an "Ah! Usee, I see," cheerfully
puts down ?oOO. ' . . -
The Vassar College girls got away
with, -138-, quarts of; strawberries .at
sup-per time, to say nothing of the
cold ham lett'over for dinner. And
then they got out and jumped cigtit--foot
ditches." - ' '
The extravagance and corruption
pravalent in the Government lias
been fostered and encoured by tho'
Radical leaders. and managers. Some
of the most astounding exposures are
made occasionally, and then we hava
profuse promises of reform. Tho
cry goes .forth "Keep us in power
and we won't do so any more.; But'
none of these forced" promises are"
fulfilled. The number of office-hold
ers are not diminished. The people
still support eighty thousand of these
creatures on big ' salaries, Grant
heading the list with lifty thousand
a-year, double the sum. paid toW'aslir
lugtou or Jehoison or Lincoln.
A few weeks ago there was a move
ment ia favor of breaking up the'
"whisky ring." But it was only a"
spasm. Too many men of promi
nence were connected with thefrauds.
nd hence tho order to "halt was
sent forth from the President him
self. We hear no more of Whisky
Reform. The "ring" goes on as
prosperous as ever, and honest man
ufacturers continue to be swindled
and cheated, and the public revenue's
Great cheating was fliscovered in
the post-oliico department: "straw-
bidding," for mail contracts, was the
onler ot the day, and it was found
that tiie Government was losing in
this manner millions of dollars annu
ally. Another spasmodic movement
was mane to stop this business, and
to punish some -of the swindlers.
But the whole thing has ended in
smoiie. J.110 JNew XorJi Junes de
plores tho corruption in the post-
Ljcc department and shows how tha
Government is defrauded by con
tractors as follows:
"The other day, says tha editor,
we were told that the new device for
certified checks instead of bonds.
adopted by tho Government as secur
ities against what is known as straw-
bids, had proved a failure. The low
est bidder deposits his certified check
witaout hesitation, but after com
mencing the service he has been
illowed to withdraw it. and frequent
ly does so, and then fails to go on
with his contract. The department
is then left in just the predicament
it used to be ia when it took worth
less bonds. The mail must be car
ried, aud the Postmaster-General
must contract with somebody. This
is just what the old contractor ba
been arranging for, and he then gets
iiis own terms. And in this way,
often in spite of the utmost vigilance
of the department, year after '"year
millions of dollars go into the pockets
of contractors that ought to remain
in the treasury. If it were possible
to get the mail service done for what
it is really worth, it is very probable
that the post-office department would
be self-supporting instead of as now,
taking from the treasury many mil
lions more than it returns to it."
There has been another spasmodic
effort to reform . tho custom-house
abuses at. New lork, remarks the
Albany Artus. Goods to the amount
of millions upon millions of dollars
have been smuggled, through by offi
cials of prominence. By this sort of
crime the tax-payers are not only
defrauded, but the business of the
country is deranged. Scoundrels
and perjurers can afford to undersell
honest merchants who paj' the dutie3
required by laws of Congress.
And so wo go from bad to worse.
The Radical part 3' has made all sorts
of pledges with regard to the curren
cy and specie j'ayments, none of
which have been redeemed.
Can the people continue to trust a
party with such a corrupt record?
The California Wiikat Fleet.
During the harvest year of 1874-5,
ending July 1st, 2G3 cargoes of grain
were sent out from the State. Of
these 11G were loaded at San Fran
cisco, bis at Oakland, C2 at South
Yallt-jo, and -1 at as many other
places. The cargoes aggregated 8,
711, 2S1 centals of wheat, valued at
813,817,001. Included in the above,
reduced to wheat bulk and value;
were 186,555 barrels of flour. Of
the vessels carrying ft way these bread
stuffs, 17'J were Bn't:sh,'('2 American,
12 French, 8 German, 1 .Austrian, 1
Norwegian and 2 Peruvian.
Tun Coming Harvest. The Chi
cago Times publishes reports from
over nine hundred cqunties all ' over
the country, showing the progress of
the harvest and tho condition of the
growing grain. The reports show
that the prospects are unusually
good in all parts of the country, and
that there will be a full crop of the
principal grain in till sections and a
very large yield in niauy. .The report-embraces
the entire country
east of the Rocky Mountains, only
excluding the States or Texas. Flor
ida and North and South Carolina.
- Politically Dead. The New
York Graphic is of the opinion that
but for that unfortunate Credit Mo-bilic-r
affair which exploded n couple
of 3-ears ago, doing such fatal damage
to political reputations, Mr. Schuyler
Colfax would head the Presidential
list, and undoubtedly be the coming
man; but lie is now ' as 'politically
dead as any .of the fossils of Hall's
geological collection." ,
.'Very stern parent" indeed "Come
here, "sir! 'What is this' complaint
the school-master has against you ?
Much injured youth "It's just no
thing at all. . Yon see Jemmy Hughe
bent a pin, and I only just left it on
the teacher's chair for him to look at',
and he came in - without his specks"
onr tind Bit right down on tbe pin;
and now' he wants to blame vaA fdrifc.-'
Z. V , . i " .T :rut
- The exercise that yonrgJafliesr art
most partial to taking the heir - -
.-' J f